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Α Ρ Ρ Ε Ν DI X.
The Marquis of Ormond returns to Ireland. His excellency having arrived at Cork, on the 29th of September, 1648, was there received with general acclamations of joy; and on the next day, the general affembly fitting at Kilkenny, gave a very signal proof of their real desire to be again received under his
government,' by fixing a public brand on the two principal opposers of the late peace, the Nuncio Renuccini, and General Owen O'Nial. For they proclaimed the Vol. II.
· Cart. Orm. vol. ii. fol. 42.
* Dr. Leland, from Mr. Carte, gives us the following character of this general: “ Owen O'Nial had served in the Impe. rial and Spanish armies with reputation. He was governor of Arras, when the French besieged this town in 1640; and,
latter a rebel and a traitor; and upon entering into a treaty of peace with the marquis, they drew up a charge against the former,' “ representing the manifold oppressions, transcendent crimes, and capital of. fences, which he had been continually, for three years past, acting within the kingdom, to the unspeakable detriment of their religion, the ruin of the nation, and the dishonour of the See of Rome." This heavy accufation met with no opposition, even from such ecclefiastics as were present in that assembly. “ It seems exceedingly strange to me,” says the Nuncio himself, in a letter to Cardinal Panzirolo on this occasion, " that although there were eight bishops present in this assembly," which offered such violence to my authority, and passed an order, that none should hereafter obey my commands, not one of them did protest or declare against it, or depart from the place in which it was held; or even make an apology, by a letter to his Holiness, or myself, for their conduct; affirming only, that therein they followed the example of those of
2 Cart. Orm. vol. iii.
3 Nuncio's Memoirs.
though obliged to surrender upon honourable terms, yet his defence gained him the respect, even of his enemy. Experience had formed him to be an able and skilful soldier; quick in discerning, diligent in improving any advantage offered by the enemy; more circumspect than enterprising; of a genius peculiarly suited to defence, and excellent at protracting a war; qualities of especial use in that service which he was now to
ndertake. His knowledge of the world, his prudence, his fobriety and caution, appeared to greater advantage, as they were contrafted by the ignorance and rudeness, the intemperance and levity of Sir Phelim. To the secret mortification of this his kinsman, Owen was unanimously declared by the northern Iri:h, head and leader of their confederacy." Carte's Orm. Lel. vol. iii. p. 178.
• There were in this affembly, “ two archbishops, ten bishops, three earls, twelve viscounts, feven barons, twenty baronets, the principal gentlemen out of the three provinces of Leinster, Munster, and Connaught, besides fome of the chief nobility of Ulfter." Bishop of Ferns's Lett. to the Nuncio. Vindic. Catholic. p. 180.