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the state of their affayres, and humbly to beseech relief and redress; the said lieutenant collonel, though your majestie's servant, and imployed in publique trust, (in which case the law of nations affords safety and protection) was without regard to either, not only stopped from proceeding in his imployment, but also tortured on the rack at Dublin.
11. The lord president of Munster, by direction of the said lords justices, (that province being quiet) with his accomplices, burnt, preyed, and put to death men, women and children, without making any difference of qualitie, condition, age, or sex in several parts of that province; the catholique nobles and gentlemen there were mistrusted and threatened, and others of inferior quality trusted and furnished with armes and ammunition. The province of Connaught was used in the like measure; whereupon most of the considerable catholiques in both the said provinces were inforced (without armes or ammunition) to look after their safety, and to that end did ftand their defence ; ftill expecting your majestie's pleasure, and allways ready to obey your commands. Now the plott of the faid ministers of state and their adherents being even ripe, applications were inceffantly by them made to the malignant partie in England, to deprive this people of all hopes of your majestie's justice or mercie, and to plant à perpetual enmity between the English and Scotish nations, and your subjects of this kingdome.
12. That whereas this your majestie's kingdome of Ireland in all successions of ages, since the raigne of king Henry the Second, sometime king of England and lord of Ireland, had parliaments of their owne, composed of lords and commons in the same manner and forme, qualified with equall liberties, powers, privileges and immunities with the parliament of England, and onely depend of the king and crowne of England and Ireland : And for all that tyme, no prevalent record or au. thentique president can be found, that any statute made in England could or did bind this kingdome, before the same were here established by parliament; yet upon untrue fuggestions and informations, given of your subjects of Ireland, an act of parliament, entituled, an act for the speedie and effectual reduceing the rebells in his majestie's kingdome of Ireland to their due obedience to his majestie and the crowne of England; and another act, intituled, an act for adding unto and explayneing the said former act, was procured to be enacted in the faid parliament of England, in the eighteenth yeare of your majestie's raigne ; by which acts, and other proclamations, your majestie's subjects unsummoned, unheard, were declared rebells, and two millions and a halfe of acres arrable, meadow and profitable pasture, within this kingdome, fold to undertakers for certains summes of monie; and the edifices, loghs,
woodes, and bogges, wastes and other their appurtenances, were thereby mentioned to be granted and past gratis. Which acts the said catholiques doe conceave to have beene forced uppon your majestie ; and allthough void, and unjust in themselves to all purposes, yett containe matters of evill confequence and extreame prejudice to your majestie, and totally destructive to this nation. The scope seeming to aim att rebells only, and at the disposition of a certaine quantitie of land ; but in effect and substance all the landes in the kingdome, by the words of the faid acts, may be distributed, in whose possession foever they were, without respect to age, condition, or qualitie; and all your majestie's tenures, and the greatest part of your majeftie's standing revenue in this kingdome, taken away; and by the said acts, if they were of force, all power of pardoning and of granting those lands, is taken from your majestie ; a prefident that no age can instance the like. Against this act the faid catholiques do protest, as an act against the fundamentali lawes of this kingdome, and as an act destructive to your majestie's rights and prerogatives, by collour whereof, most of the forces sent hither to infeft this kingdome by sea and land, disavowed any authoritie from your majestie, but do depend upon the parliament of England.
13. All strangers, and such as were not inhabitants of the citty of Dublin, being commanded by the said lords justices, in and fince the said month of November 1641, to depart the faid citty, were no sooner departed, than they were by the directions of the said lords justices pillaged abroad, and their goods seized uppon and confiscated in Dublin ; and they defireing to returne under the protection and fafetie of the state, before their appearance in action, were denied the same; and divers other, persons of rank and qualitie, by the faid lords justices imployed in publique service, and others keeping close within their doores, without annoying any man, or siding then with
any of the said catholiques in armes, and others in severall parts of the kingdome liveing under, and having the protection and safetie of the state, were sooner pillaged, their howfes burnt, themselves, their tenants and servants killed and destroyed, than any other, by direction of the said lords justices. And by the like direction, when any commander in chiefe of the army, promised, or gave quarter or protection, the fame was in all cases violated; and many persons of qualitie, who obtained the same, were ruined before others; others that came into Dublin voluntarily, and that could not be justly fufpected of any crime, if Irishmen or catholiques, by the like direction were pillaged in Dublin, robbed and pillaged abroad, and brought to their tryall for their lives. The cittyes of Dublin and Corke, and the ancient corporatt townes of Drogheda, Yeoghal and Kingsale, who voluntarily received garrisons in
your majestie's name, and the adjacent countryes who relieved, them, were worse used, and now live in worfe condition than the Israelites did in Egypt; fo that it will be made appeare, that more murders, breaches of publique faith and quarter, more destruction and desolation, more crueltie, not fitt to be named, were committed in Ireland, by the direction and advise of the said lords justices and their partie of the said councill in less than eighteene months, than can be parallelled to have beene done by any christian people.
14. The faid lords justices and their adherents have, against the fundamental lawes of the lande, procured the fitting of both howses of parliament for severall sessions, (nyne parts of ten of the naturall and genuine members thereof being absent, it standing not with their safety, to come under their power) and made upp a considerable number in the howse of commons of clerkes, fouldiers, serveing men, and others, not legally, or not chofen at all
, or returned, and having no manner of estate within the kingdome ; in wbich sitting, fundry orders were conceived, and dismisses obteyned of perfons before impeached of treason in full parliament ; and which passed or might have pasled some acts against law and to the prejudice of four majestie, and this whole nation. And dureing these troubles, termes were kept, and your majestie's court of cheefe place, and other courts fate at Dublin, to no other end or pur, pose, but by false and illegall judgments, outlawries, and other capitall proceedings, to attaint many thowsands of your majestie's most faithfull fubjects of this kingdome, they being never summoned, nor haveing notice of those proceedings; and iheriffs, made of obscure meane persons, by the like practice, appointed of purpose ; and poore artificers, common foldiers and meniall servants, returned jurors, to pass upon the lives and estates of those who came in upon protection and publique faith.
Therefore the said catholiques, in the behalfe of themselves and of the whole kingdome of Ireland, doe protest and declare against the said proceedings, in the nature of parliaments, and in the other courts aforesaid, and every of them, as being heynous crimes against law, destructive to parliaments and your majestie's prerogatives and authoritie, and the rights and just liberties of your most faithful subjects.
Forasmuch, dread sovereigne, as the speedy applycation of apt remedyes unto these grievances and heavie pressures, will tend to the settlement and improvement of your majestie's revenue, the prevention of further effufion of blood, the preservation of this kingdome from desolation, and the content and satisfaction of your faid subjects, who, in manifestation of their duty and zeale to your majestie's service, will be most willing and ready to imploy ten thoufand men under the conduct of
well experienced commanders in defence of your royal rights and prerogatives; they therefore most humbly beseech your majestie, that you will vouchsafe gracious answers to these their humble and just complaints, and for the establishment of your people in a lasting peace and securitie, the said catholiques doe most humbly pray, that your majestie may be further gratiously pleased to call a free parliament in this kingdome, in such convenient tyme as your majestie in your high wisdome shall think fitt, and the urgencie of the present affayres of the faide kingdome doth require; and that the said parliament he held in an indifferent place, summoned by, and continued be. fore, some person or persons of honour and fortune, of 29proved faith to your majestie, and acceptable to your pople here, and to be timely placed by your majestie in this government, which is most necessary for the advancement of your service, and present condition of the kingdome: in which parliament, the said catholiques doe humbly pray these or other their grievances may be redressed ; and that in the said parliament, a statute made in this kingdome in the tenth yeare of king Henry the Seventh, commonly called Poyning's Act, and all acts explayning, or inlarging the same, be by a particular act suspended during that parliament, as it hath beene allready done in the eleventh yeare of queen Elizabeth, upon occasions of far less moment than now doe offer themselves ; and that your majestie, with the advice of the said parliament, will be pleased to take a course for the further repealing, or further continuance of the said statutes, as may best conduce to the advancement of your service here, and peace of this your realme ; and that no matter, whereof complaint is made in this remonftrance, may debarr catholiques, or give interruption to their free votes, or fitting in the said parliament, and as in duty bound they will ever pray for your majestie's long and prosperous raigne over them.
Wee the undernamed being thereunto authorised, doe present and figne this remonstrance in the behalfe of the catholiques of Ireland, dated this 17th day of March, 1642. GORMANSTON.
Lucas Dillon. ROBERT TALBOTT. JOHN WALSH. According to your majestie's commiffion to us directed, we have received this remonstrance, subscribed by the Lord Viscount Gormanstown, Sir Lucas Dillon, Knight, Sir Robert Talbott, Bart. and John Walth, Esq; authorised by, and in the behalfe of the recusants of Ireland, to present the same unto us to be transmitted to your sacred majestie, dated the 17th day of March, 1642.
CLANRICKARD and ST. ALBANS. RoscoMMON.
NUMB. VI. Extract of a Collection of some of the Mafsacres and Murders
committed on the Irish in Ireland, since the 23d of October 1641.
[See Review, vol. i. p. 210, &c.] This collection was first published in London in the year
1662. The author's frequent, candid, and public appeals to things openly transacted, and to * enemies themselves, then living, and well known, is a strong proof, that what he relates is real matter of fact ; and there is yet a stronger inducement to think it so, because it has never yet been proved to be otherwise : nor, as far as I have learned, even attempted to be proved.
County of ANTRIM. 1641.
BOUT the beginning of November, the English and Scotch forces in Knockfergus murdered in one night all the inhabitants of the territory of the Island Magee, to the number of about 3000 men, women, and children, all innocent persons, at a time when none of the catholics of that country were in arms or rebellion.
Note, that this was the first massacre committed in Ireland of either side.
Mr. Mac Naghten having built a small fortress in the said county, to preserve himself and his followers from outrages, untill he understood what the cause of the then rebellion was ; as soon as Colonel Campbell came near with part of the army, he sent to let him know, that he would come to him with his party, which he did ; and they were next day murdered to the number of 80, by Sir John Clotworthy, now Lord Mafsareen's, foldiers.
About the same time, 100 poor women and children were murdered in one night, at a place called Balliaghiun, by direction of the English and Scotch officers commanding in that county.
County of DERRY. 1641. Some 300 men, women, and children of the Irish, having freely come under the protection of the garrifon of London-Derry, were stripped, plundered, and killed by the said garrison.
* Sir Audley Mervyn, Sir Robert Hannah, (lady Mountrath's father) several general and other officers, then, and many years after, alive.