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These being the tenets of our religion in point of loyalty and submission to your majesties authority, and our observance and veneration of, or communion with, the See of Rome, in matters purely spiritual, no way entrenching on that perfect obedience, which, by our birth, by the laws of God and man, we are bound to pay to your majesty, our natural and lawful soveraign.
Prostrate at your majesties feet, we most humbly beg, that all your majesties Roman catholick subjects of Ireland who shall, by subscription or consent, concur to this publick protestation of loyalty, be protected from persecution, for the profession or exercise of their religion, and all former laws, upon that account, against them repealed.
Luke, Earl of Fingall.
Lieut.-col. Pierce Lacy. Mourogh, Earl of Inchequin. Lieut.-col. Vullick Burk. Donoghe, Earl of Clancarthy. Lieut.-col. Thomas Scurlog. Oliver, Earl of Tyrconnell. Theobald, Earl of Carlingford.
Esquires and Gentlemen. Edmond, Visc. Montgarrett. Jeoffry Brown of Galway. Thomas Visc. Dillon.
John Walsh of Ballyuoher. Arthur Visc. Jueagh.
Patrick Brian. William Visc. Clane.
Ja. Fitz Gerald of Lackagh. Charles Visc. Muskry.
John Talbot of Malahyde. William Visc. Taaffe.
Tho. Luttrell of Luttrellstown. Oliver, Baron of Lowth. John Holywood of Artayne. Wm. Baron of Castle-Conell. Hen. O'Neill
, fon to Sir Phelim Col. Charles Dillon.
O'Neill. Matthew Plunket, Esq. Dudley Bagnell of Dunlickny. Lieut-col. Ignatius Nugent.
Henry Dracott of Mornanton. Edward Plunket, Esq.
Edward Butler of Monihore. Nicholas Plunket, Knight. Nicholas Darcy of Platin. Matthew Plunket of Ďunsany. Patrick Sarsfield of Lucan. James Dillon, Knight. Jn. Mac-na-Mara of Creattlagh, Col. Christopher Brian. James Talbot of Bela-conneli. Robert Talbot, Baronet.
Robert Balf of Corftown. Vullick Burk, Baronet. James Talbot of Templeoge. Edward Fitz Harris, Baronet. Patrick Archer. Valentine Brown, Baronet. Luke Dowdall of Athlumny. Luke Bath, Baronet.
Philip Hore of Killsalaghan. Henry Slingsby, Knight. James Barnewall of Bremore. John Bellew, Knight.
James Allen of Saint Wolstans, Col. William Burk.
Tho. Cantuell of Balymakeddy. Col. John Fitz Patrick.
Jn. Cantuell of Cantuells-court. Col. Brian Mac Mahon.
Edm. Dillon of Streams-town. Col. Miles Reilly.
John Flemming of Stahalmock. Col. Gilbert Talbot.
Peter Sherlog of Gracedieu. Col. Milo Power.
Christ. Archbold of Tymolin.
Patrick Moore of Duans-town. William Barioge of Rincorran.
Pierce Nangle of Monanimy.
James White of Chambolly. John Arthur of Hogestown. Major Lawrence Dempfy. Marcas Laffan of Greats-town. Captain Richard Dempfy. Christ. Aylmer of Balrath. Edward Nugent of Calvin. James Plunkett of Gibston. Patrick Porter of Kingston. Tho. St. John of Mortles-town. Major Marcus Furlong.
NU M B. XIV.
[From Lesley's Answer to King. Append.]
Ireland, his Letter, dated April (or May) 1690, to Colonel
[See Review, vol. ii. p. 159.]
O U know how often and how early we pressed the necessity of restoring a civil government in this province, and how often and openly we declared that the ruine of the countrey must be the prejudice, and endanger the ruine of the army, and that there could be found no hands fo cheap and easie to be
got, or any that would be more hearty and faithfull than the protestants of this countrey, who having their particular interests seconded by natural and religious motives, must be more zealous in rying on this war, than any foreign or mercenary soldiers, as is evident by what has been done by the Londonderry and Eneskillen soldiers, who are and were made up of the meanest and lowest
people of this and the neighbouring provinces. You cannot forget who offered, and that at their own charge, on our first landing here, to block up Charlemont, and to raise regiments to secure the northern garrisons, that the established army, might have the more leisure to attend the motions of the publick enemy; and I prcfume you cannot but as well remember, who ridiculed, icorned, and contemne / all motions of that kind, and who
affirmed, and that openly, that the protestants of this province, ought rather to be treated as enemies than friends, and that the beit of them had either bafely complied with K. J. and his party, or cowardly left and deserted their countrey; that the goods and stocks of the protestant inhabitants, once seized by the enemy, were forfeited, and ought not to be restored, but given as encouragement to the soldiers ; that all papists ought to be plundered, and none protected ; that the restoration of civil government was a diminution of the power of the general and the army, and that all the protestants, inhabitants of this province, were false to the present government, and ought not to be trusted with places of trust or power ; that as their persons were not to be trusted, so their oaths and complaints were neither to be believed not redressed ; that so an easier and a safer approach might be made to invade the little left them by the Irish.
That all endeavours of the settlement of a publick revenue were designs to oppress the army; that free quartering was the least retaliation that protestants could give for being restored to their former estates ; that religion is but canting, and debauchery the necessary character of soldiers. If to these you add the pressing of horses at pleasure, quartering at pleasure, robbing and plundering at pleasure, denying the people bread or feed of their own corn, though the general by his publick proclamation requires both ; and some openly and publickly contemning and scorning the said proclamation; whereby multitudes of families are already reduced to want of bread, and left only to beg, or steal, or starve. These being the practices, and these the principles, and both as well known to you as to me; can it be wondered that the oppressed protestants here should report us worse than the Irish ? Or can it be wondered that God should pursue us with his dreadful judgments, who have so provoked him with our daring sins ? Or can we rationally expect God should fight for us, while we thus fight against him? We may as well expect grapes from thornes, and figs from thistles, as success to a protestant cause from such hands. Can we expect Sodom to destroy Babylon, or debauchery to destroy popery ? Our enemy fights with the principle of a mistaken conscience against us, we against the conviction of our own principles against theni. What I have learned of the enemies principles and practices since I left you, I shall here inform you, and reduce what I have to say to these two general heads.
1. The frequent discourse of their king.
II. His public declarations and proclamations for the well-government of his army.
I. As to his private discourse.
1. He expreffeth great zeal, and passionate affection to his English subjects, in lo much that both French and Irish often
say of him, as he did of King David, That he loves his enemies, and hates his frier.ds.
2. He is heard often to desire his officers, That in their engagement with the English, they should be treated as mistaken subjects, and not as obftinate rebels.
3. He is heard often to declare, that since he rightly understood christianity, he ever afferted christian liberty, as well in his past prosperity, as present adversity.
4. That all perswafions in matters of religion, Who have most charity and least of severity, are most agreeable to christianity.
5. He is often heard to complain, That he ever observed, an aptitude and propensity in perfons of power to persecute such as differ from them.
6. That this natural aptitude to persecute, ought to be restrained by wholesome and effectual laws.
7. That this persecuting spirit influencing the greater number of all perfwasions, especially persons in power, is the only cause of his majesty's present sufferings.
8. He is passionately kind to all deserters, and chearfully receives and foon prefers them.
9. He pretending his sufferings to be thus on the account of conscience, seems not to doubt, but God will find some unexpected means, for his restauration, in 1690, as he did in 1660.
10. He is heard frequently to declare against the dragooning persecution of France, and the barbarous and inhumane murders committed on the protestants of this kingdom in the year 1641, as passionately, and perhaps as sincerely as the Scribes and Pharisees did against their forefathers for persecuting the prophets.
To these I think fit to add the particulars of his majesty's publick declarations, which are ordered to be read once every two months in the head of every troop and company in his whole army, and to be fixed up in all the boroughs and markettowns in this kingdom.
1. His majesty is pleased earnestly to recommend the performance of publick and private duties to God, to all under his command, and particularly recommends to the Roman catholicks of his army frequent confessions, and strict observation of Sundays and Holy-days.
2. He publickly declares what subsistence he allows to every horse, dragoon, and every private soldier in his army, and what is reserved in the paymaster's hands for the accoutrements and the hospital. •
3. He avoids and forbids as unneceffary, the charge of all agents, and commands the majors of every regiment to do that work, and to save the charge.
4. He strictly requires the private soldier out of the faid subsistence duly and truly to pay his quarters.
5. In case they shall want their subsistence, they are then required every week to give their respective landlords a note under their hands, which shall be received
by the receiver general, as so much money out of any branch of his majesty's revenue.
6. His majesty forbids all ftraggling of private foldiers from their garrisons without their officers pass; and requires all officers, either military or civil, to apprehend such soldiers having no pass, and to send them to their colours, to receive punishment according to their demerits.
7. His majesty by the same proclamation, forbids all plundering on any pretence whatsoever, under pain of death without mercy:
8. He requires both officers and foldiers under the pain of his high displeasure to demean and behave themselves civilly and respectfully in their respective quarters ; and to assist and not obstruct the civil magiftrates in the execution of their respective trusts, especially the officers concerned in and about his majesty's revenue.
9. He forbids all officers and soldiers to quarter themselves on any of his majesty's subjects, without having a billet or ticket under the hand of the constable or other civil officer of the place.
10. He strictly forbids pressing any countrey-man's horse on any pretence whatsoever, without having his majesty, his captain general, his lord lieutenant, or deputy lieutenant's license for his so doing ; and then allows them to press the said horse but one day's journey, and to see that the horse be returned as well as when received ; and particularly forbids the pressing any horse belonging to any plough.
11. His majesty in the same proclamation, enjoyns severe penalties on all forestallers or obstructers of provision going to either camp or market.
Laitly, The respective penalties enjoyned in the faid proclamation, are severely and impartially executed on the respective offenders. My family tells me, that the week before they left Dublin, there were two private soldiers executed before a protestant baker's door, for stealing two loaves not worth a fhilling. And a fortnight before, a lieutenant and ensign were publickly executed at a place where, on pretence of the king's service, they prefled a horse going with provisions to Dublin market; two others were condemned and expected daily to be executed for the like offence: these severe examples confirming the penalties of these publick declarations, contribute so much to the quiet of the countrey, that were it not for the countrey raparees and tories, theirs, 'tis thought, would be much quieter than
Some of our foreigners are very uneasie to us ; had not the prudence of a discreet major prevented it, last Sunday was seven night had been a bloody day between some of the Danish foot and Colonel Langston's regiment of horse. The truth is,