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some Spanish gold; and now by O'Donnel, because he shall not in these troubles annoy him.

To write of all other particularities belonging to the north, would be over-tedious. To conclude therefore (with your majesty's pardon) there are but two ways, either to accept of their own offers of submission and contribution, for defraying of the charge, in this discourse especially before mentioned, and so to place your majesty's garrisons in their countries, thereby to hold them in continual obedience to your highness's profit, or else to make royal war upon them, and so utterly to overthrow and root them up, through all the whole north of that kingdom, and plant others in their room or places. I may in no wise omit humbly to acquaint your majesty, what great hinderance unto your present service the stay of Sir Robert Gardiner his coming over is like to be, because that he can best truly report to your highness the state of Ireland, who (as he was specially chosen by your majesty to be a chief instrument for the good of that poor kingdom, where he ever did, and doth minister such upright justice, as is void of bribery, affection, intreaty of friends, or fear of authority to over-rule him, thereby to do any thing unfit for a man of his place) can very hardly be spared from thence; yet, as the necessity of this time importeth, it were (under pardon) most meet he were sent for with all speed; for that (as he can) so he will, without fear of any, inform your majesty truly how the state of that your kingdom now ftandeth, and shew good means how to stay this expected present fury, that is like to happen, to the utter ruin and cut



your majesty's subjects, and the exceeding expence


your highness's treasure. There will be (no doubt) many reasons alledged to your majesty to stay him there, but I humbly beseech your highness not to hearken to them, for the authors of these troubles are afraid of his coming hither. But his instant repair over, will more avail him than his stay there, although it's well known he doth (as far as his authority extendeth) afford the people justice, without begging it or buying it, which hath been too often bought and sold there. And your majesty may at your pleasure return him hither again when he hath done exceeding good service there: although I fear he will be loath (if either his own credit or friends may prevail) to go back thither any more, because he seeth he is not able to do your majesty such good service as he would and might, if he were more strongly affisted; moreover good deserts there, procure scarce good opinion, or friends here.

What mean I to say thus much, when it is not to be amended ? nay what pity it is that so gracious a prince, as is your majesty, cannot help it! For these many years past your poor subjects have been crying out for justice, and could never get it ; besides it's grown to such gain by corruption, that unless


ting off

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your majesty vouchsafe to take it upon yourself, or make special choice of some of your honourable council here to look into it, it will not be holden ; for if it be referred (as it hath been) there will be such fhuffling, and so much time spent, to save the credit of some one, that thousands of your majesty's good subjects shall perish the while. And the rather, because advice is chiefly required of him, who is causer of all those troubles; and that your majesty may the better judge what good can follow by his directions, let him set down what service he did you when he had the whole authority in his own hands, whereby your highness may discern the rest. I know and thereon dare pawn my life) he cannot prove any one honourable or profitable service he did your majesty therein, at the time of his government.

Opinion is likewise required of some other counsellors now here, who can say as little of those northern parts, as he who was never there.

This being most true, let not (I humbly beseech your majefty) your poor realm of Ireland be trusting to the advice of such blind advisers: but vouchsafe your highness to be advised by those who know your service there, by their own experience, and eye-witness of that whereof they shall yield their opinion; and no one (of a counsellor) can do it better than Sir Robert Gardiner, because his circuit is northward, whereby he doth hear the griefs and discontentments of those people.

Moreover I most humbly beseech your majesty to be no longer abused by lip-labour, and paper and ink; which have, these many years, gone for current payment, instead of good service; and in show of discovering great and weighty causes, when in truth, they seldom tend to any such purpose ; but seeing your majesty doth pay them so well, it may please you to require better service at their hands, whom your highness doth there put in trust.

If I have, in these my plain and simple discourses, offended your majesty any way, I most humbly alk pardon for the same.

As the physician cannot cure the disease of his patient, until he both know and take away the cause thereof, so neither are the calamities of your majesty's kingdom of Ireland to be remedied, until your majesty be both rightly advertised of the same, and put in practice the redress of the great abuses there; which can't be better done (in my simple skill) than by making an example of some one who has served your majesty corruptiy in that place; and the greater the personage is, the greater the justice, and the more your honour in making a precedent of fuch a one : for your inferior officers can punish small offenders, but it is in your majesty only to correct the mighty tranfgrefsors.


And fo may your majesty (if fo you will vouchsafe) look down by degrees, and in time survey your highness's captains, who serve you there; discerning, by a little observation, the good from the bad; which is easily done, if every one be called to account, what service he hath done you, what traitors he hath cut off, having full authority for it, or else how your highness's subjects have been defended by him and his foldiers. He who hath not performed one of these two, is unworthy to have command, or have pay.

Furthermore, when some experienced captain shall make offer of his best endeavours, let him (if it please your highness) be hearkened unto, and especially when it tendeth greatly to the advancement of your majesty's service, without encrease of charge. And let them not (I beseech your highness) be put off so grossly as they have been, with saying, it is too small a proportion of soidiers to perform fo great a service. For that is not the cause (most dread sovereign), but this; if they should allow of those services, when they are offered, it would discover, as many think, some of their great abuses, which your majeity may perceive, when you shall see great services done with "100 where 500 have been employed, and your highness's subjects no whit the better defended.

There is no well advised captain will make offer of service, but he hopeth to perform, or lose his life ; and especially when he shall not gain thereby; for his foldiers must be paid, or else they will not serve; besides he must keep them, or else he cannot effect the service undertaken, so that his only hope of gain refteth in reputation, reward, and preferment from your majesty, as he shall deserve, and not in polling and pilling the soldiers and your majesty's subjects.

These good services then being accepted, and the abuses reformed, there is no doubt but your majesty's kingdom of Ireland shall quickly flourish in true subjection and due obedience, to your majesty's honour and comfort; which I beseech the Almighty to grant and continue. Thé consideration (most gracious sovereign) of

sovereign) of my own estate, who have engaged myself and my friends very far, for means to live, and do your majesty service, hath many times (in the penning of this discourse) fought to withhold me from discovering to your highness these causes of difcontentments of your poor people in that kingdom, and the bad managing of your majesty's affairs there, with the means of quieting them, of advancing your majesty's service, and advantaging your revenues, affuring myself that the doing of such an office would neither procure me any friends, nor pay any of my debts : besides it's against my profession (being a soldier) 'to be a penman, or so earnestly to seek for peace. Yet nevertheless, when I considered what due honour may be done unto God,


what true service to your highness, and what good to that poor commonweal, it made me utterly neglect my own fortune, and respect of my private benefit, and emboldened me to discharge my duty to God and your majesty, and disclose

my zeal for benefiting that poor realm. And if these my labours shall be rightly conceived of by your majesty, and your most honourable council, I shall think my time happily spent, and enjoy as much as I desire.

And thus, moft humbly beseeching pardon for this my bold and rude discourse, and praying on my knees to Almighty God, the director of all princes hearts, that it may please him to move your majesty's mind duly to consider of the premises, and pitifully to regard the present state of that your poor kingdom, and beseeching him to bless your highness with all honour, health, and princely happiness, long to reign over us, I most humbly conclude with this my petition.

I humbly beseech your majesty, if it be your gracious pleasure to accept the Earl of Tyrone into your highness's protection, that he may fafely come in unto your majesty, or to your lord deputy, and hither at your pleasure, that I may be the messenger; because at my coming over he reposed great trust in me, to deliver unto your majesty those things, wherewith he found himself grieved, wherein I doubt not but to do your highness acceptable service, by reason of the poor credit I have with him. But if your majesty be minded to deal otherwise with him (because it hath been reported by those who are adverfaries both to him and me, that I am a great friend unto him) to show what manner of love mine is towards him, there is none of them, 'nor any other, who shall do greater service than I will, if it please your majesty to command me, and enable me fit for it, if not, my service and myself, reft at your highness's command to be disposed, as it shall please you, for whom, as is nay bounden duty, I will daily pray, &c.

Your majesty's faithful

and obedient fervant,

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[From Desid. Curiof. Hibern.] Remonstrance of divers Lords of the Pale to the King, con

cerning the Irish Parliament in 1613.

[See Review, p. 93, vol. i.]

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AY anxiety of mind and conscience, which we, the nobility of this your highness's kingdom, whose names are here under-written, do conceive, by the more preposterous courses holden in parliament, as we must be inforced, before we descend further, most humbly with tears, to implore your gracious favour, that if the due regard of your majesty's facred honour, the careful consideration of the good peace and tranquillity of this your realm and country, the tender and feeling respect of our bounden and obliged duty to both, do carry us in aught beyond the limits of a well-tempered moderation, your highness will be graciously pleased to pardon our excess herein, so far as pius dolor and justa iracundia, do in themselves deserve. It would far pass the compass of a letter, if we should insist to particularise the manifeft, old, precedent disorders, and such as still do accompany this intended action; only your highness shall understand, that many knights from counties, and citizens and burgeffes from cities and towns, have, contrary to the true election, been returned ; and in fome places force, and in many others fraud, deceit, and indirect means have been used for effecting of this so lawless a course of proceeding. Neither can we but make known unto your majesty, that under pretence of erecting towns in places of the new plantation, more corporations have been made since the beginning of last month, or a little more, than are returned out of the whole kingdom; besides, the number whereof (as we conceive it) contrary to your highness's intended purpose, are dispersed throughout all parts of this kingdom; and that in divers places, where there be good ancient boroughs, and not allowed to send burgesses to the parliament ; and yet these new created corporations, for the most part are so miserable and beggarly poor, as their tuguria cannot otherwise be holden or denied than as tituli fine re, et figmenta in rebus ; for divers of which (their extreme poverty being not able to defray the charges of burgefles, nor the places themselves to afford any one man fit to present himself in the poorest fociety of men) and for others, we must confess, that some of great fashion have not sticked to abase themselves to be returned : the lord deputy's fervants, attornies, and clerks, resident only

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