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or peace of the realm, but merely standing upon their own defence; and this done them against his majesty's pleasure, and without his privity:

17. All the natives in the English plantations of this realm, were disarmed by proclamation, and the protestant plantators armed, and tied by the conditions of their plantations to have arms, and to keep certain numbers of horse and foot continually upon their lands, by which advantage, many thousands of the natives were expulsed out of their possessions, and as many hanged by martial law, without cause, and against the laws of this realm ; and many of them otherwise destroyed, and made away, by sinister means and practices.

18. Half this realm was found to belong unto his majesty, as his ancient demesne and inheritance, upon old feigned titles of three hundred years past, by juries, against law, their evidence and conscience, who were corrupted to find the said titles, upon promise of part of those lands so found for the king, or other reward, or else were drawn thereunto by threats of the judges in the circuits, or by heavy fines, mulets, and censure of pillory, stigmatizings, and other like cruel and unusual punishments.

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[From Walsh's History of the Irish Remonftrance.]

. To the King's most excellent Majesty. The humble Remonftrance, Acknowledgment, Protestation, and Petition of the Roman Catholick Clergy of Ireland.

[See Review, vol. ii. p. 86.] YOUR

OUR majesties faithful subjects, the Roman Catholick clergy of your majesties kingdom of Ireland, do most humbly represent this their present state, and deplorable condition.

That being intrusted by the indispensable commission of the king of kings with the cure of souls, and the care of their flocks, in order to the administration of facraments, and teaching the people that perfect obedience, which for conscience fake, they are bound to pay to your majesties commands, they are loaden with calumnies, and persecuted with severity.

That being obliged by the allegiance they owe, and ought to swear, unto your majesty, to reveal all conspiracies and practices against your person, and royal authority, that come to their knowledge, they are themselves clamoured against as conspirators, plotting the destruction of the English among them, without any ground that may give the least colour to fo foul a crime, to pass for probable in the judgement of an indifferent person.

That

That their crimes are made as numerous, and as divers, as are the inventions of their adversaries : and because they cannot with freedom appear to justifie their innocence, all the fictions and allegations against them are received as undoubted verities; and which is yet more mischievous, the laity, upon whose consciences the character of priesthood gives them an influence, suffer under the supposition of all the crimes thus falfly imputed to them : it being their adversaries principal design, that the Irish, whose estates they enjoy, should be reputed persons unfit, and no way worthy of any title to your majesties mercy.

That no wood comes amiss to make arrows for their destruction; for, as if the Roman catholic clergy, whom they esteem most criminal, were, or ought to be, a society fo perfect, as no evil, no indiscreet person should be found amongst them, they are all of them generally cryed down for any crime, whether true or feigned, which is imputed to one of them; and as if no words could be spoken, no letter written, but with the common consent of all of them, the whole clergy muft fuffer for that which is laid to the charge of any particular person amongst them.

We know what odium all the catholick clergy lyes under, by reason of the calunnies with which our tenets in religion, and our dependence upon the pope's authority are afpersed : and we humbly beg your majesties pardon, to vindicate both by the ensuing protestation, which we make in the fight of heaven, and in the presence of your majesty, sincerely and truly, without equivocation, or mental reservation.

We do acknowledge and confess your majesty to be our true and lawful king, supreme lord, and rightful sovereign of this realm of Ireland, and of all other your majesties dominions. And therefore we acknowledge and confess ourselves to be obliged under pain of sin, to obey your majesty in all civil and temporal affairs, as much as any other of your majesties subjects, and as the laws and rules of government in this kingdom do require at our hands. And that, notwithstanding any power or pretension of the pope or fee of Rome, or any sentence or declaration of what kind or quality foever, given, or to be given, by the pope, his predeceffors, or fucceffors, or by any authority spiritual or temporal proceeding or derived from him, or his fee, against your majesty, or royal authority, we will still acknowledge and perform, to the uttermost of our abilities, our faithful loyalty, and true allegiance to your majesty. And we openly disclaim and renounce all foreign power, be it either papal or princely, spiritual or temporal, in as much as it may seem able, or shall pretend to free, discharge, or absolve us from this obligation, or fall any way give us leave or licence to raise tumults, bear armes, or offer any violence to your majesties person, royal authority, or to the state or government. Being all of us ready, not only to discover, and make known to your majesly, and to your mi

nisters,

nisters, all the treasons made against your majesty, or them, which shall come to our hearing, but also to lose our lives in the defence of you majesties person, and royal authority, and to refist with our best endeavours all conspiracies and attempts against your majesty, be they framed, or sent under what pretence, or patronized by what foreign power or authority foever. And further we profess, that all absolute princes, and supreme governours, of what religion soever they be, are God's lieutenants on earth, and that obedience is due to them, according to the laws of each commonwealth respectively, in all civil and temporal affairs. · And therefore we do here protest against all doctrine and authority to the contrary.

And we do hold it impious, and against the word of God, to maintain, that any private subject may kill or murder the anointed of God, his prince, though of a different belief and religion from his. And we abhor and detest the practice thereof as damnable and wicked.

These being the tenets of our religion, in point of loyalty and submission to your majesties commands, and our dependence of the See of Rome no way intrenching upon that perfect obedience, whích by our birth, and by all laws divine and human, we are bound to pay to your majesty, our natural and lawful soveraign : we humbly beg, prostrate at your majestits feet, that you would be pleased to protect us from the severe persecution we suffer meerly for our profession in religion : leaving those that are, or hereafter shall be guilty of other crimes (and there have been such in all times, as well by their pens, as by their actions) to the punishment prescribed by the law.

Fr. Oliver Darcy, Bishop of Dromore.

Fr. Geo. Dillon, of S. Francis Ord. Guardian of the Irish Fran

ciscans at Paris. Fr. Philip Roch, of S. Francis Ord. Reader General of Divinity. Fr. Anthony Gearnon, of S. Francis Ord. one of her majesties

the queen mothers chaplains.
Fr. John Everard, of S. Francis Ord. Conf. and Preacher.
Fr. Anthony Nash, of S. Francis Ord. Conf. and Preacher,
Fr. William Linch, of S. Francis Order Conf.
Fr. Nicholas Sall, of S. Francis Ord. Conf. and Preacher,
James Cusack, Doctor of Divinity.
Cornelius Fogorty, Protonot. Apoft. and Dr, of the civil and

canon law,
Fr. Henry Gibon, of S. Aug. Ord. Conf. and Preacher.
Daniel Dougan, Divine.
Fr. Redmond Moore, of S. Dom. Ord. Conf. and Preacher.
Bartholomew Bellew.
Dennis Fitz Ranna.

Bartholomew

Bartholomew Flemming.
Fr. Peter Walsh, of S. Fran. Ord. Reader of Divinity, and

Procurat. of the Rom. Cath. clergy, both Sec. and Reg. of Irel. Fr. Redmond Caron, of S. Fran. Ord. Reader Jubilate of Divi

nity. Fr. Simon Wafre, of the same Ord. Reader of Divinity. Fr. James Caverly, of S. Francis Ord. Conf. and Preacher. Fr. John Fitz Gerald, of S. Francis Ord. Conf. and Preacher. Fr. Theobald Burk, of S. Francis Ord. Conf. and Preacher. Fr. Matthew Duff, of S. Francis Ord. Conf. and Preacher. Fr. Peter Geoghegan, of S. Francis Ord. Conf, and Preacher.

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[From Wallh's History of the Irish Remonftrance.]

To the King's most excellent Majesty. The faithful Protestation, and humble Remonstrance of the Roman Catholick Nobility and Gentry of Ireland.

[See Review, vol. ii. p. 89.] YOUR

OUR majesties faithful subjects, the Roman catholick nobility and gentry of your majesties kingdom of Ireland, out of a deep sense of those prodigious afflictions, under which the monarchy of Great Britain, has before your majesties happy retauration, groaned these twenty years: and out of our fad thoughts, which daily bring more and more fighs from our breasts, and tears from our eyes, for not only the still and yet contimed miseries, and fuíferings of the catholick natives of this our unfortunate country, even amidít, and ever since, the fo much famed joyes and triumphs of your sacred majesties moft auspicious inauguration; but also for the causes thereof, (whereinto we have made the most narrow search we could) of these our own unparalleled calamities; and upon reflection upon that ailegiance we owe, and ought by all divine and human laws, and which we are, and have been alwayes ready to swear and perform to your majetty, our only foveraign lord on earth; and on the scandal (notwithstanding) which some persons (who are unwilling to understand aright our religion) caft upon it, as if it were not consistent with all dutiful obedience and faith to the supreme temporal magistrate; and upon consideration likewise, of a further tye of conscience on us, for endeavouring, as much as in us lyes, to clear your majesties royal breast from all fears and jealousies whatsoever, if any, peradventure, your majesty entertain of us, through the suggestion of such as hate our communion or natio.1 ; and to wipe off that scandal, and allay the odium under which our church hath layn this last century of

years,

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years, among other christian people in these nations, of a different way from ours in the worship of God; we humbly crave your majesties pardon, to vindicate both ourselves, and our holy belief, in that particular of our allegiance, by the ensuing proteltation. Which (in imitation of the good example given by our clergy, and pursuant to the general doctrine and practice of the catholick church) we make in the fight of heaven, and in the presence of your majesty, sincerely and truly, without equivocation, or mental reservation.

We do acknowledge and confess your majesty to be our true and lawful king, fupreme lord, and rightful foveraign of this realm of Ireland, and of all other your majesties dominions. And therefore we acknowledge and confess ourselves to be obliged, under pain of sin, to obey your majesty in all civil and temporal affairs, as much as any other of your majesties subjects, and as the laws and rules of government in this kingdom do require at our hands. And that notwithstanding any power or pretension of the Pope, or See of Rome, or any sentence or declaration, of what kind or quality foever, given, or to be given, by the Pope, his predecessors, or fucceffors, or by any authority, spiritual or temporal, proceeding or derived from him, or his See, against your majesty, or royal authority, we will still acknowledge and perform, to the uttermost of our abilities, our faithful loyalty, and true allegiance to your majesty. And we openly disclaim and renounce all foreign power, be it either papal or princely, spiritual or temporal, in as much as it may seem able, or shall pretend to free, discharge, or absolve us from this obligation, or Thall any way give us leave or licence to raise tumults, bear armes, or offer any violence to your majesties perfon, royal authority, or to the state or government; being all of us ready, not only to discover, and make known to your majesty, and to your ministers, all the treasons made against your majesty or them, which shall come to our hearing, but also to lose our lives in the defence of your majesties person, and royal authority; and to resist with our best endeavours all conspiracies and attempts against your majesty, be they framed or sent under what pretence, or patronized by what foreign power or authority soever. And further we profess, that all absolute princes, and supreme govenours, of what religion soever they be, are God's lieutenants on earth; and that obedience is due to them, according to the laws of each commonwealth respectively, in all civil and temporal affairs ; and therefore we do here protest against all doctrine and authority to the contrary. And we do hold it impious, and against the word of God, to maintain, that any private subject may kill or murther the anointed of God, his prince, though of a different belief and religion from his. And we abhor and deteit the practice thereof as damnable and wicked..

These

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