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a tedious and melancholy narrative of the state of the Irish catholics at different periods, for the space of more than of one hundred and fifty years, I should have no occasion to relate the following, ħad their sufferings ended at the surrender of Limerick. Then indeed they might subscribe with others, in proclaiming the change, a glorious revclution! But the conditions they had by that surrender obtained (I may fay sealed with their blood), though agreed upon and signed by both parties, in the most folemn manner, and afterwards ratified and approved by both their majesties, King William and Queen Mary, under the great seal of England, were soon after bafely infringed contrary to the law of nature, the law of nations, and the public faith.
The infringement of these articles on the part of government commenced very early after they were signed; and it was afterwards repeated, from time to Vol. II.
time, in such a manner, as to prepare the minds of the people to receive with less surprize, the total violation of them by acts “to prevent the further growth of popery," which were then in contemplation.
For although by the first military article, “ It was agreed, that all persons of what quality foever, that were willing to leave the kingdom, should have free liberty to go into any country beyond the feas (England and Scotland excepted) with their families ;" yet, it is confessed that the lords justices, and General Ginckle, endeavoured to render this article of as little force as possible, “ for as great numbers of the Irish officers and soldiers had resolved to enter into the service of France, and to carry their families with them, Ginckle would not suffer their wives and children to be shipped off with the men ; not doubting but that by detaining the former, he would have prevented many of the latter from going into that service. This, I say, was confeffedly an infringement of that article.
And in less than two months after the capitulation of Limerick was confirmed by their majesties, justices of peace, fheriffs, and other magistrates, presuming on their power in the country, did, in an illegal manner, dispoffefs several of their majesties fubjects, not only of their goods and chattels, but of their lands and tenements, to the great disturbance of the peace of the kingdom, fubversion of the law, and reproach of their majesties government.” It appears from a letter of the lords justices of the 19th of November,
that their lordships had received complaints from all parts of Ireland, of the ill treatment of the Irish, who had submitted, had their majesties protection, or were included in articles; and that they were fo extremely terrified with apprehensions of the continuance of that usage, that fome thousands of them, who had quitted the Iriíh army, and went home with a resolütion not to go for France, were then come back again, and pressed carnestly to.go thither, rather than stay in Ireland, where, contrary to the public faith (add these Lionih
justices) BOOT bed * Harris's Life of King William.
2 Id. ib. f. 357
justices) as well as law and justice, they were robbed of their substance and abused in their persons."
In vain did the government of Ireland pretend to put a stop to this crying injustice and cruelty of the inferior civil officers. The lords justices themselves soon after became equally guilty in these respects. It is confefied, 3“ that Capel, lord justice, in 1693, proceeded as far as it was in his power, to infringe the articles of Limerick.” In 1695, the same lord Capel being deputy) was held the firit Irish parliament in this reign. If the Irish catholics, then expected the performance of their articles, and of their majesties folemn promife, to procure them such further security from parliament in the particular of religion, as might prevent them from any future disturbance on that account, "they were indeed miserably disappointed; for instead of performing that promise, his majesty, on the contrary, suffered several such acts and resolutions a to be passed in that parliament, as gave them infinite disturbance, on account of their religion.” But these were only prepa ratory steps to the several acts then in agitation, “ to prevent the further growth of popery:
4.7.& 9 Wm. 3. sess. 1. c. 26.... All popish archbishops, bi, Hops, vicars general, deans, jesuits, monks, friars, and all other regular popish clergy, and all papists exercising any ecclefaftical jurisdiction, shall depart this kingdom before the ift.of May, 1698. And if any of them, shall be at any time after the said day within this kingdom, they shall be imprisoned, and remain there without bail till they be transported beyond the seas out of the king's dominions, wherever the king, his heirs or fucceffors, or chief governors of this kingdom shall think fit; And if any fo transported, shall return again into this kingdom, then to be guilty of high treason, and to suffer accordingly.
And from the 29th of December, 1697, no popish archbishop, &c. shall come into this kingdom from any parts beyond the feas, on pain of twelve months imprisonment, and then to be transported in manner aforesaid ; and if after such transpor, tation, any of them return again into this kingdom, they shall be guilty of high treason, and suffer accordingly.