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Cumber, setting forth, that the papists intended to massacre all the protestants, the whole north of Ireland appeared of a sudden in one blaze, though the protestants then were so far from having any reason to fear the poor Irish there, as they pretended they did fear them, that they had them panting under their feet, in as much fubmiflion as ever a hawk had a lark."

Dr. King himself confesses, that before king James left England, the protestants of Dublin had entered into a plot, to seize : the lord deputy with the castle,

where

3 State of the Protestants, p. 82.

all the protestant officers and soldiers in his army, and have none but Roman Catholics ; that he had entered into a clofe league with France to have all the protestants throats cut in England and Scotland : and that, as soon as his army was modelled to his purpose, he would set up a mass in every church in England and Scotland; and he that was not a thorough papist, should be hanged, quartered, or burnt.” Macpherson's Hist. of Gt. Brit. vol. iii. p. 286.

Dr. King pretends, that this villainous forged letter was directed to Lord Mount-Alexander (p. 186): But Chief Justice Keating expressly says, “ that it was neither directed to, nor fubfcribed by any perfon;" he adds, “ that copies of it were dispersed throughout all parts of the kingdom ; that the protestants were frightened to that degree by it, that many of them betook themselves to the Ards, and other places of security in the north ; some into Scotland; and very many families embarked for England and Wales, carrying with them all the ready money and plate they had. The consternation being so great, that even the officers of the port, either out of commiferation to the departing crouds of women and children, or being amazed at the suddenness of the fright, neglected to do their duty; whereby Dublin and the adjacent places, were drained dry of their cash and plate.” See Appendix to King's State of the Protestants.

“ That letter caused the protestants of the north to meditate the design of rising against the government.” Lel. Hift. of Irel.

e “ When the news (says he) came to Ireland, that king James had sent commissioners to treat with the Prince of Orange, it was proposed by some to seize the castle of Dublin.

The

vol.iii. p. 513

where the stores and ammunition lay; “ he knew, that these protestants (and himself among the rest) had a private understanding and connection with the northern rebels, as they were then called; that when they were difarmed, February 24th, 1688, all the protestants, generally, in Ulster, Munster, and Connaught, and in all Ireland, except Dublin and other parts of Leinster (which the lord deputy kept in awe with what forces he had), were then actually in arms, in opposition to the government, and had entered into associations to carry on their war. And he has even

owned,

4 Lesley, ubi fupra, & p. 189.

The success was extremely probable ; considering that the papists, besides the four thousand of the army, were generally without arms; and that those who were in arms were raw and cowardly. To do it effectually, there needed no more than to seize the Deputy Tyrconnel, &c.” King's State of the Protest. p. 83.

“ Dr. King wrote to an Irish protestant bishop then in London, that it was in almost every protestant's power in Ireland to hang the rest; yet that they were so true to one another, that they did not discover it.” 'Lesley's Answ. p. 106.

{ " We are told (says Mr. Lesley) in the faithful History of the Northern Affairs in Ireland, p. 7. (written by a protestant), that they began to arm and engage themselves in affociations, about September 1688, 'two months before the Prince of Orange landed in England. p. 77. And when the happy tidings of the prince's landing (in England), says Mr. Boyfe, had reached our ears, fome non-conformist ministers and gentlemen of note, were employed to get some gentleman or other sent over from Dublin to the prince.” Answ. to King, p. 77.

Long before king James's abdication was determined in the convention in England, which was in February 1688, the protestants in the north of Ireland were in arms. Ib. p. 75. And on the 8th of December preceding that determination, a deputation was sent by the gentlemen and others of that province to the Prince of Orange, with an offer of their service ; (ib. p. 77.) although king James did not go out of England till December the 23d in that year.

Ib.

p. 73. It is notorious, that upon the 11th of February 1688 (before the descent of king James's army into the north), fome of Colonel Cormick O'Neils troop of dragoons were killed by the protestant forces at Tuam upon

Loughneagh,

owned, “ that king James's army was but an handful to the protestants, there being even after the disarming, men and arms enough in Dublin, says he, to have dealt with them.” And yet this impartial writer has represented the government's disarming the protestants, at such a critical juncture, as nothing less than a design to massacre them.

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The difarming of the protestants further considered. As for the second disarming of the protestants, on the 20th of July, 1689,' “ it was in the very heat of the war, between King James, and the northern afsociators, when Kirk had come from England, and was riding with his ships in Loughfoil, for the relief of Derry; which, with the before-mentioned conspiracy of the protestants of Dublin, to seize the lord deputy and castle, will surely justify the suspicion which the government entertained of these protestants, from the beginning.”

With respect to the scheme of starving one half the protestants of Dublin, which Dr. King has imputed to King James, Mr. Lesley observes,? “ that the hanging two of his Irish soldiers before a protestant baker's door, for stealing two loaves not worth a shilling; and the leaving them to hang there forty-eight hours (which Dr. Gorge testifies) to terrify others, did not look like starving the protestants of Dublin ; but rather like feeding them, by letting them have bakers of their own, and protecting them in that manner.” And as for that

king's

5 King, ib. p. 82. · Lefley, ubi fupra.

* Ubi supra. See Dr. Gorge's Lett. Append. Loughneagh, in endeavouring that way to escape the northern associators, and get to their quarters. "Lesley's Answ. p. 86. And many other hostile acts were committed by the protestants in Ulster, before the descent of that army. Ib. p. 89-90.

king's design of hanging the other half of the protestants, Mr. Lesley also observes, “ that in all the time the protestants of Dublin were in King James's power, viz. in summer 1689, he did not hang one of them, though some of them deserved it by the law then, as Dr. King could witness.” D

с н А Р.

XI.

General De Rofen's cruelty before Derry considered.

AFTER Derry

FT R Derry had shut its gates against King James, and several times refused to submit to his authority upon any conditions whatever, General De Rosen, a foreigner, was sent to besiege it ; who made use, indeed, of a barbarous, though not unusual expedient to reduce it under King James's obedience. For, finding that the town was in extreme want of provisions, he purposed to increase their distress, by adding to their number; for which purpose, he issued orders for a general driving of all the protestants, protected and unprotected (says Dr. King), within thirty miles round;

who

B“ I am told (says Mr. Lesley) that Dr. King owed it to King James's mercy that he now lives: was he not (adds he) accused of holding correspondence with, and giving intelligence to the rebels, as they were then called, both in England and the north of Ireland ? did he not give frequent intelligence to Schomberg by one Sherman, and keep constant correspondence with Mr. Tollet and others in London? a bloody-minded tyrant (such as King represents James) would have found another

punishment for it than a short imprisonment. King James had once so good an opinion of this author, that he had him frequently in private and trusted him in his affairs, till at last he found him out." Answ. p. 105-6.

* “ Long before this, the people of Derry took out their pardon for shutting their gates against the Earl of Antrim's regiment, which (adds my author) was a confession of some sort of guilt.” Lesley's Answer, p. 93. The protestants seized Derry the 7th or 8th of December 1688, and King James's army did not come to Dromore in the north till the 14th of March following. Id. ib. p. 97.

who were brought to his camp, and placed before the walls of the town, in hopes that their friends within would receive them into it, rather than suffer them to remain in so perilous a situation. On account of this inhuman order of De Rolen, Dr. King thought himself entitled to brand the whole Irish army under him, with the decent appellation of “murderers,” because,'

66 he

· State of the Protestants, &c.

b « Rosen represented to King James the ill confequences of his clemency, as his protections were found in the pockets of several who were found in arms against his authority." Macph. Hist. vol. i. p. 567. This wretched measure produced no effect on the townsmen (of Derry), they fired upon their friends from the wall, but no mischief was done. Rosen convinced of the folly of his expedient, or touched with a momentary pity, withdrew the unhappy people after a few hours, and permitted them to return home. Some might have died of hunger and fatigue. The miseries, however, which followed this detestable measure have been greatly exaggerated, and King James himself has been unjustly blamed. James was alarmed at the intelligence, and offended at his general. He wrote to all his officers at their peril to pay no regard to the order : he sent his express commands to the mareschal himfelf to drop his unjust, as well as impolitic design. These people (says James) lived peaceably at home, they had either my protection or they relied upon my declaration. De Rofen's meafure was inevitably to depopulate a country which I was resolved to defend. Besides, this precipitate and unjust order furnished my enemies with an instance

breach of faith in Ireland, which would contribute to ruin my interest in my other kingdoms.” Id. ib.

C“ Had Dr. King (says Mr. Lelley) such a story as that of Glenco, to tell of any of King James officers in Ireland, O! what declamations we should have of the bloody Irish cutthroats, massacres, &c? And what use would he have made of their giving it under their hands, that what they did, was by the king's express command, and none punished for it?" Answ. to King, p. 114.

That shocking story of Glenco is thus briefly related by a late intelligent and unprejudiced writer. “ A proclamation was published in autumn, 1691, which declared that all rebels who took the oaths to the government, before the first of January ensuing, should be pardoned. All the attainted chieftains of the Highlands, except M'Donald of Glenco, took the oaths before

the

of my

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