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Numbers 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48.

ISSUED MAY 28th, 1847.


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Of the Series composed of Numbers 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, and 48.....June 1, 1846, to May 1, 1847.
E con 5122, 58
CONSTITUTIONAL STATE CONVENTION. Executive, Legislative and Judiciary powers... 562 Remarks thereon and upon the amendments pro-

Assessment abuses......



.618. 686 and 687
Organization of Convention; Names of Officers,

For a council of the constitution for defining ex-
ecutive legislative and judiciary powers.....


Names of Members..

Montgomery Charter, extracts from....... 563
Standing Committees


List of members of the Council of Appointment, Corporation Comptroller's report in relation to
Preliminary Resolutions

from 1777 to 1822

758 the unliinited powers of the New-York City
Municipal Corporations.
United States Public Stocks, exempt from taxa- Corporation ...

Report thereon, by Mr. Murphy...


tion by States and Corporations....., 681 and 696 Letter from Gov. Cosby to the Board of Trade,
by Mr. Allen ..

dated, New-York, May 6, 1728..

Rights of Citizens.

Letter from Gov. Cosby to the Board of Trade,
Annual Tax Bill of 1846, and remarks thereon.. 553
... 584

Sept. 18, 1732, and Aug. 29, 1733.
Report upon, by Mr. Tallmadge.

.555, 556
Bill introduced into the House of Assembly of Remarks thereon...

Local Taxation.
this State by Mr. Stevenson to authorize a Čon-

Governor Cosby's letters to the Home Govern.
Resolution of enquiry, into by Mr. Morris...... 578
vention to amend the charter of the city of New-

ment repudiating the New-York City Charter. 563

Debates thereon, by 16 members... 578 to 580

Remarks thereon....

.582, 657. 563
Act authorizing a City Convention..

Double Taxation.

Mayor Havemeyer says petitions and Remon-
Report made in the Senate of this State by Mr.

strances should be reported upon..

Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Strong .... 580 Porter, March 27, 1846, against taxing non-resi-

Mayor Havemeyer's Veto of Resolution to open
Debate thereon by 8 members.... 580 to 581 dents... Remarks thereon


a street through Trinity Church Yard, remarks
Equalization of Taxation.
Wharf Tax, an attempt to authorize, by adding a


clause to a bill of another title

Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Morris.... 578

Expenses of Registry Law, remarks upon..
Taxation of Incorporated Companies, on their
Resolutions in relation thereto by Mr. Townsend

New-York City Courts, remarks in relation to... 608
actual capital, bill reported in the Senate by Mr.
610 and 593

Assessors' valuation of Real Estate and Personal
Porter, Jan. 16, 1846

Debates thereon by 9 members...

Publication of Journals of the Senate and Assem-

property in the city of New-York....

Arbitrary and Inquisitorial Taxation, report of a
Taxation of Personal Property.



Special committee of Board of Assistants in
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Murphy... 599

Naturalization, in the olden times

favor of..

« Mr. Ruggles... 599
Hasty executive acts

Remarks thereon

Debates thereon by 3 members.....

Names of the members of the State Senate for

Draft of a Remonstrance of Chamber of Com-

Royal Charters and Grants.

merce agains a Wharf Tax

Standing Committees of the Senate for 1847... 684 Draft of bills to alter the law for the assessment
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Murphy., 581 Names of the members of Assembly for 1847. 684--5 and collection of Taxes; for collecting wharf-
Debates thereon by 6 members...
581 Standing Committees of the House of Assembly,

age; and for a passenger lax, by the special
Titles to Bills and Acts.
for 1847...


committee of the Board of Assistants, remarks
State officers.

Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Taggart... 585


Officers of Assembly
Debates thereon by 7 members.....

685, 695

Draft of tax bill presented the Legislature by the
Officers of Senate

Royal Charters and Franchises.

Corporation, for a new system of assessment, re-
Taxation, report upon by Hon. Myndert Van

marks thereon...

Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Murphy .. 581 Schaick in the Senate in 1835.. ...564 to 566

Names of assessors for 1846..

Debates thereon by 2 members....

581 An act to abolish distress for rent, passed May Injunction of Supreme Court of Massachusetts
New-York Registry Law.
13, 1846 ..


restraining the treasurer of the town of Charles-
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Tallmadge 596
An act to equalize taxation, passed May 13, 1846. 567

town from paying money to Volunteers for
A bill concerning passengers..


Cities and Villages.
Prerogative of mercy.


Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Murphy .. 609 Legislative power..


Remonstrances against making Stockholders in City Charter-extraordinary petition to the legis-
Incorporated Companies liable personally-in

lature and remarks thereon...

Proceedings in relation to Houston and Leroy

576. 680
State Convention, presented by Mr. Allen and Remonstrances against the amendments of the
Mr. Townsend..
613 New-York City Charter .

Proceedings in relation to the Bloomingdale

.576. 602. 603. 678 to 680
A bill to amend the amendments to the Charter

Taxes in Barbary.


Speech of Hon. James Tallmadge..619 to 621 and 658

of the City of New-York,.
A bill in relation to the Seamen's fund and retreat

Assessment case of Doughty vs. Hope..600, 601, 602

William street and Fourth avenue.

577. 608
in the city of New-York, and to reduce and
Speech of Hon. Solomon Townsend
621 equalize the tax on Seamen,..

Street Department of the Supreme Court abolish-

Speaker of the House of Assembly..
Municipal Corporations.

en by the New Constisution, Art. 6, sec. 8... 626
Emigrant tax bill ...


Assessment abuses to be prevented. See Con-
Speech of Hon. H. C. Murphy.....

New-York City Charter, second amendments

stitution, sec. 9, Art. 8, and sec. 8, of Art. 14 627-8
Royal Grants and Franchises.

Assembly bill 132.....


Speech of Hon. H. C. Murphy.....
Draft of Tax assessment law by the New-York


Superior Court assessment case.

The law's delay ...

Royal Charters.
Safety Fund General Banking Law, reported

Speech of Hon H. C. Murphy .........581 and 581 by Mr. Hadley, in the House of Assembly..698-9 Stephen Allen; Burtis Skidmore..

Corporations other than Banking and Municipal.
Draft of amendments to a City Charter by Hon. J. P. Phenix

Stephen Allen


Joseph Slocomb..

Report thereon.

Amendments suggested

.611 and 612

Professor Olmsted.

Speech of Hon. H. C. Murphy..
Amended City Charter-letters from Hon. James

Tallmadge in relation to....

McCulloughs Geographical Dictionary

Constitution of 1847 ....
625 to 628 Myndert Van Schaick's petition in relation to Valentine's Corporation Manual.

Address of the Convention..

City Charter...


Memoir of Eli Whitney, by Prof. Olmsted.. 575
Index to the Constitution..
four pages. 625 Report on petition of inhabitants of Hastings, Os. Boston public documents...

.575, 682
Remarks upon the Constitution.. 629 and 630
wego county. for authority to overflow lands


belonging to a citizen by owners of a mill,
made in the Senate by Hon. A. C. Hand..

Undermining neighbor's houses by sinking deep

The phrase“ the major part of them.".


Annual Tax Bill, 1847

A new court..

Bill relative to expenses of incorporated compa-

Decision in court of Queen's Bench in 1846, in
Notice of the Constitution of 1847 and 1821... 609

relation to neighbor's rights as to the light of
629. 562

Election of Judges....
Bill to tax surplus capital..

day ...


Private responsibility clause in charters....613. 598

Governor Toucey's Veto Message to the Legisla-

The State Constitution should provide in relation to
Inquisition Tax Bill

ture of Connecticut in relation to building a
State Salines,


bridge for a railroad over the navigable waters
Auction duties
608 Names of members of city Convention..........567

of Connecticut River

Public Ferries, freedom of..

Amendments of City Charter adopted by the Con-

Extract from a Proclamation of Gen. Taylor to
Grave Yards.

vention and rejected by the People....614 to 618

the Mexicans

Amended Bills.

Address of the City Convention to the People.. 618

Life Jasurance, remarks upon..




State of the country, war with Mexico, by David

Hale, Esq., one of the Editors of the Journal
of Commerce....

594 Extracts from letters written in the Southern Hemisphere.....

607 Capt. Fremont's visit to a snow capped mountain

13,570 feet above the ocean, on the pinnacle of
which a humble bee came to him which he

591 War and Famine..

695, 696 Famine in Ireland..

758 Committee of aid to Ireland

758 Seamen's friend society; seamen's saving bank. 688 Fruits of industry.

633 Charitable Societies, remarks upon

635 Savings of Labor..

635 Prosperity of the People of Massachusetts 635 Railroad stocks should be exempt from Taxation 696 Currency and Exchanges..

696 Public Policy requires that Marine and Fire Insu

rance companies shonld be exempt from Taxa-

681 and 688 Assessors' valuation of real and personal property in Boston

.575 Hudson River Railroad.

682 Color of soils important as to solar heat.

695 Coal Ashes for Manure....

642 Artesian Wells

648 Ventilation

649 Mammoth steam engine for pumping out Harlem Lake in Holland..

.634, 635 Coal ashes a protection against Potato Rot.. 639, 695 Grates for burning coal...

640 Hoops for large tubs and vats

640 Salt Petre Mines in South America.

675 Darwin's Mountain tour in S. A..

699 The Galapagos Archipelago

699 The Potatoe, in its natural soil growing wild 682 676 A cloud of locusts

675 Pigeons....

.....666 643 Rock Mills..

635 Butterflies; The Butterfly; The Humble Bee;

Product of Labor; Adirondack Gems.. 591 Talcose earth.....

587 A Blind Sailor and his faithful Dog.

635 Canine and Feline Sagacity

.757, 758 Birds..

.633, 560,757, 591

American Salt. remarks upon in the Senate of

this State, March 20, 1846, by Hon. A. C. Hand. 558 Remarks upon the manufacture of salt at the On

ondaga salines, in this State, by Thos. L. Preston,
Esq., one of the proprietors of the fossil salt
mines in Virginia in a letter dated Syracuse, N.
York, April 20, 1846 .

558 Remarks upon the quality of American salt. 558 Analyses of Salt...

633 Temperature of salt water

659 Specific graaity of salt water at Syracuse 659 Specific gravity of salt water at Saltville, 659 Import of salt into the port of New-York in 1846, 695 Foreigu Salt, letters in relation to, from Am. Consuls...

562 Onondaga State Salines..

695 Sterility and Salt. South America ............ 699 Saline Incrustations...

675 Lake of salt water changed into a field of salt... 675 Salt for manure

633 Reverbatory salt furnace...

587 New mode of constructing salt furnaces

664 ASTRONOMY. Thoughts on the discovery of the planet Le

Verrier, by Professor Olmstead........669 to 671 Comet ..

640 Eclipses and temperature...

592 CORRESPONDENCE. A series of letters from a gentleman residing in

the State of Tennessee, upon various scientific bubjects....624, 631, 636, 637, 644, 652, 664, 665,

666, 667, 168, 666, 667, 668, 682 and 692. Letters from Thomas Spencer, foriner State Su

perintendant of the Onondaga Salines, written
from Saltvilla, southwestern mountains of Vir-

ginia 559, 560, 575, 587, 606, 631, 643, 659, 673,4683 Letters from W. P. Milnor, written from the fossil

salt mines of southwestern Virginia, situate
1782 feet above the level of the sea..605, 606, 642

659, 664, 682

Letters from Lyman W. Conkey, Syracuse, On

ondaga Salines, New-York..587, 605, 633, 659, 663 Letter from Professor Henry of Princeton Col

lege, in relation to lightning, and also in rela-
tion to the telegraph wires

586 Letter from Prof, Olmsted, Yale College, in relation to lightning, earthquakes, &c...

586 Letters from Benjamin F. Thompson, Historian of Long Island...

...663, 695 Letters from Hon. Josiah Buller, of So. Deer

field, N. H., in relation to the earthquakes in
New Hampshire ..

..660, 661, 756 Extracts from a letter written by a clergyman in the state of Georgia......

683 Letter from a young physician on a visit to Scotland

692 Letter from J. B. Wick of Villa Rica, Georgia,

relative to the Gold mines of his vicinity.... 590
etter from H. E. Pierrepont, Brooklyn, relative
to winged Ants

590 Extract from a letter from Ozem Strong, dated

Colborne, Upper Canada.. Letter from J. E. Bloomfield, of Oswego, N. Y.. 605 Letter from Levi Disbrow in relation to Little Sodus Bay Salt well

587 Letter from Teunis G. Bergen, ex-member of the State Convention...

695 Letter from Dudley Leavitt, Meredith, N. H... 756

EARTHQUAKES. At Deerfield, N. H., Nov. 24. 1845

661 At Memphis, Ten., Dec. 23. 1845..

554 At Santo Tomas. Jan. 30, 1846

555 At Cincinnati, Ohio, Feb. 28, 1846..

555 At Valparasio, S. A., March 18, 1846

690 At Maysville, Ky., March 23, 1846..

555 At Cuba, Island of Cnba, March 23, 1846. 555 At Catania, April 22d and 28, 1846

592 At Santa Cruz, Cuba, April 28, 1846 555, 592 At Memphis, Ten., May 8, 1846 ...

569 At Newburyport, Ma s., May 30, 1846.

661 At Guadaloupe and Martinique, June 16, 1846.. 598 At Vera Cruz, Mexico, June 21, 1846.

596 At Smyrna, Asia, June 25, 1846..

608 At Messina and Catania, June 1846

598, 592 At Deerfield, N. A., July 10, 1846....

660 At Cologne and in Southern Germany, July 29, 690

1846, At Ningpoo, China, Aug. 4, 1846.

651 At Fincastle, Va., Aug. 12. 1846..

598 Volcanic action in the Red Sea in Asia and simul

taneously an earthquake of great severity
throughout the province of Tuscany in Europe,
August, 14, 1846..

661, 662, 663 At the Island of Iceland, Aug. 22, 1846.....630, 631 At the sea-port and river towns in Maine, Mass

achusetts and New Hampshire and in the River

towns in Vermont, Aug. 25, 1846 .......661, 689 At Leghorn, Tuscany, Aug. 27, 1846

703 At Gunang Marrippa, Java, Sept. 2, 1846 704 At Trinidad, St. Vincents, and Grenada, Sept. 6, 1846

705 At Trinidad, Sept. 10, 1846.

705 At Deerfield, N. H., Sept 12, 1846

705 At Cape Haytien, St. Domingo, Sept. 15, 1846.. 705 At St. Domingo City, Sept. 16, 1846..

705 At Trinided, Sept. 1846.

631 At Boonsboro', Md., Oct. 19, 1846.

631 At Talahassee, Florida, Oct. 23, 1846.

640 At Algiers, Africa, in Oct. 1846...

644 At Deerfield, N.H., Oct. 29 and 31, 1846...

709, 651, 661 At Deerfield, N.H., Nov. 12, 1846.....709, 651, 661 At several places in Scotland, Nov. 25th, 1846.. 668 At Porto Rico, Nov. 28, 1846..

650 At Deerfield, N.H., Dec. 2, 1846.. ..713, 651, 661 At Trinidad, Dec. 17, 1846..

750 At Grafton Harbor, Jan. 8, 1847,.. At Albany, Jan. 11, 1847.

652 At Rice Lake, Jan. 14, 1847

682 Al Antigonish, January 29, 1847

718 At Bangor, Maine, in January, 1847,

753 At Deerfield, N.H. Feb. 2d, 1847.. 754 and 756 At Meredith. N.H., Feb. 14, 1847.

756 At Belfast, Me., Feb. 19, 1847..

754 At Deerfield, N.H., Feb. 21, 1847.

755 At Capiaco, South America in 1847.

755 At Green Bay, and Fox River, March 9, 1847... 755 At Limington, Maine, April 1, 1847.

755 At Mount Morris, N. Y., April 27, 1847


Earthquakes, Remarks upon by Eben. Meriam,
And their connection with volcanoes, thunder,

lightning, snow, hail, wind, rain, cold, heat,
calms and equilibriums affecting the atmos-
phere over vast sections of the Globe and pro-
ducing changes of great magnitude as confirm.
ed by observations made simultaneously on
Brooklyn Heights and published in the Brook-
lyn Star before hearing of the earthquakes.. 624
554, 694, 689, 690, 651, 592,570, 755, 555, 569,571,
586, 589, 593, 596, 598, 603, 630, 640, 650, 652,

661, 662, 668, 674, 675, 676, 682, 695, 700 to 756 Suggestion that an earthquake had taken place on

the 22d of April, 1846, made prior to June 1,
1846 ...

555 Confirmation of the correctness of the above sug

gestion by an arrival from Sicily, July 7, 1846. 592 Great Earthquake in South America.. .693, 694 Steamers and Earthquakes......

690 Earthquake Ruins.....

676 Connection of earthquakes and storms.

674 Earthquakes in New Hampshire.... 660, 661 Simultaneous convulsions in the East

661 Earthquakes at Marseilles, France.

656 Earthquakes at New-Madrid

624 Earthquake at Caraccas,..

598 Remarks upon earthquakes, by Hon. Sosial

Butler; and by Dudley Leavitt, Esq.. 661 Do. by a native of Deerfield..

660 Earthquakes at Martinique in 1727

760 VOLCANOES. Eruptions of Mouut Heckla......569, 591, 596, 630 Volcanic action, extensive in its operations... 675 Graham Volcanic shoal.

598 Volcanoes in the Red Sea..

..661, 662 MORTALITY. Death of aged persons..

651 Mortality in Boston.. in New York

.757, 596 The solemn knell—Steamer Atlantic bell tolling

the requiem of 42 persons—moved by the ocean

673, 644 Death of an infant in its mother's arms, written by Mrs. Sigourney...

672 Obituary notice of Mrs. Mary S. M. Seaman,. 672. 691 Lines written upon the death of Mrs. Mary Strong

Meriam Seaman, by Miss Cornelia Loomis...

673, 691 Miss Julia C. Ringwood

691 Miss Margaretta McNary

691 W. H. Starr, Esq..

691 Letters from Mary S. Meriam to her sister.. 691 Letter from Miss Cornelia Loomis to Mrs. M. S. M. Seaman..

673 Letter from Mrs. M. S. M. Seaman to her sister 691 Lines written by Mary S. Meriam in her sister's album-selected...

672 Letter from Thomas Spencer..

673 Extract from a letter written by a lady in New Eugland.....

673 Obituary notice of Jonathan Thompson, Esq.... 672 “ The Hour Glass," written by John Quincy

Adams, Esq., President of the United States.. 672 Notice of an ancient copy of the Bible......672. 690 Obituary notice of Preserved Fish.....

596 Greenwood Cemetery ; Vocal Willow ; Prayers for Rain ; Birds in the Cemetery

757 The Adirondack Solitary....

560 LIGHTNING Village destroyed by lightning.....

656 Packet ship Thomas P. Cope and cargo destroyed by lightning Nov, 29, 1846..

650 Brig Oscar destroyed by lightning Sept. 15, 1846. 727 Ship Christopher Columbus and cargo destroyed by lightning Feb. 11, 1847.

719 Ship Hugenot struck by lightning and cargo set on fire June 12, 1846...

571 Lightning wires a complete protection. 554 572, 635 in South America, in 1793...

674 Silicious lightning tubes

674 Thunder storms... 756, 757, 607, 608. 755. 590. 632.

570, 571, 587, 588, 593, 598, 604, 605, 641, 650, 655, 656, 662, 674, 700 to 755, 586. 572. 592. 589.

573. 642. Telegraph wires and thunder storms

707, 604, 596, 608, 572


7 years

Steamboats a protection froin injury by lightning. 554

Several persons killed by lightning in Spain in No person ever killed in a vessel or building

1846; house burnt by lightning in North Caroprotected by a metalic rod of any kind reared

lina in Oct. 1846 and two persons killed 632 for the parpose of protection..

554 Young Lady struck by lightning in Wisconsin ... 642 Feathers not a protection against injury by light

Thirty-seven places struck by lightning in one ning....

554 thunder storm in 1793 and 19 persons killed.. 674 Lightuing always takes the inside of tin spouts Lightning in winter

695 and not the outside 554 House struck by lightning Feb. 3, 1847

695 Carburetted hydrogen gas ignited by lightning and Three persons killed by lightning, and eight perthe lightning extinguished....

554 sons injured at Marshall, Texas, Aug. 2 ; barn Warehouses filled with iron never injured by burat by lightning near Alton, 111., Ang. 7; boy lightving.

554 struck by lightning near Rockville, Md., Aug. Buildings with metalic roofs afford protection 7, and so severely shocked that he bit his tongue against lightning, .. 554 nearly off..

700 I rou wire sufficient for lightning rods, costing

Man killed by lightuing at Winslow, Maine, Aug. less than one dollar per lightning rod. 554 10, 1846 ; barn burnt by lightning one perLightning rods should terminate in water or very

son and iwo horses killed and one person moist ground

554 injured, near Huntingdon, Pa. Aug. 14, 1846. 701 Tin spouts should be straight otherwise they will Barn burnt by lightning in Stark, Maine, Aug. 14 obstruct the water and thus prevent the light

1846; church edifice struck by lightning, Aug. ning in descending from passing out at the lower 14, 1846; young lady killed by lightning, Aug. end of the spout.

554 17, 1846 ; dwelling house struck by lightning Iron ships and iron buildings protection against at Martha's Vineyard, Miss., and set on fire injury by lightning 554 Aug. 19, 1846...

702 Schooner Á. Š. Cranston struck by lightnfng, one

Four horses killed by. lightning in an open field, man killed and several severely stunned, June

Aug. 23, 1846 ; a man killed by lightning Aug. 7, 1846

570 23, 1846 ; church edifice struck by lightning in Lightning Rods—Remarks upon by Clark Rich.. 572 Beverly and several of the congregation prostraFactory burnt by lightning

572 ted; two dwelling houses struck in North Salem Three persons and two horses killed by lightning; 572 - the telegraph wires and posts struck in WestThunder storm at Goshen, Vt...


boro, a barn struck in Nantick, and with its conBrig Columbia struck by lightning, set on fire,

tents consumed, all on the 27th of Aug. 1846 ; and six persons thrown into the sea and lost, man killed by lightning, August 28, 1846.... 703 July 3, 1856.

586 Barn burnt by lightning at Killingworth, Conn. ; Dwelling house near Brooklyn, L. I., struck by dwelling house struck by lightning, and servant lightning, July 11, 1846..

586 man killed, Aug. 30, 1846 ; house struck by Dwelling House and barn destroyed by lightning lightning and three persons killed ; militia capat Abington, Mass. July 12, 1846..


tain knocked down on parade by lightning Barn in Dedham and its contents burnt by light

Sept. 3, 1846 ; lady killed by lightning Sept. ning, July 12, 1846 ; Barn struck by lightning 3, 1846 ; man killed by lightning Sept. 4, 1846 at Dedham same day ; Vessel struck by light- and a dwelling in St. Louis torn to atoms; two ning same day at Newport, R. I.: Five men oxen killed by lightning Sept. 4, 1846 ; three killed by lightning in the woods; Mansion persons while iu bed killed by lightning Sept. House, Washington, Dutchess County, burnt

25, 1846

706 by lightning July 5, 1846, loss $7000. 586 Ship Independence struck twice by lightning the Stable struck by lightning and horse killed ; church

same day 5 men knocked down and 2 disabled edifice struck by lightniug; Lightning struck

N. lat. 49, W. long. 23, Jan. 14, 1847 ; house the surface of the water of the Hudson river

struck by lightning at Gravesend, L.I., Feb. 3, astern of the steamer Maria.


716 Man killed by lightning; barn burnt by lightning

Railroad cars struck by lightning in Georgia, March in New Jersey, loss $3,000....

598 13, 1847 ; barn burnt by lightning near Union Thunder storm at Baltimore, Aug. 7, 1846 ; brig

town, Md.; barn burnt by lightning near Juliet, schooner Union, City Mills, a banking

Chambersburgh, Pa. April 13, 1847 ; man killhouse, store, and hotel struck by lightning, one ed by lightuing near Woodbrige, N. J., also 2 mau killed by lightning under a bridge, and

horses, March 26, 1847 ; hotel struck and man several persons loading a vessel knocked down killed by lightning at Westport, same day : and stunned. The lightning took full possess

barn burnt by lightuing in Hadley, Saratoga ion of the telegraph wires ; several cattle in

county, together with its contents, April 21, 1847 757 the neighborhood of Baltimore killed by light

Two barns and contents burnt by lightning in ning.

604 Herkimer county, dwelling house struck by Balloon struck by lightning; man killed by light

lightning and man knocked down in Madison ning, July 27, 1846 ; house struck by lightning

county, April 12, 1847 ; horse killed by lightin Richmond, Va. and 4 persons in the street

ning near Chelsea, Mass.; house struck by light. opposite the building knocked down; 2 houses,

ning at Newburyport, Mass.; church edifice i brewery and the telegraph wires struck by

struck by lightning at Nashville, April 22, 1847 ; lightning in Pbila., Aug, 9, 1846, bed set on

Telegraph Wires struck by lightning, March 30, fire and man knocked down; child killed by

1847, at Rochester, N.Y.

756 Lightning and Snow..

.650, 651, 757 lightning July 30 1846, at Soinersworth, N.H. 607 Persons killed by lightning

755 Man killed by lightning in Indiana ; two men Vessels struck by lightning:

755 killed by lightning, June 10, 1846, under a tree Looking Glasses struck by lightning .586, 674 in Indiana ; house burnt by lightning June Electric, magnetic and meteoric wires.

689 26, 1846, near Niagara, also a barn ; 3 horses, Long Island in the electric current..

689 2 cows, 5 sheep, and several pigs killed, a man Suggestion of the cause of the Lightning striking killed by, lightning at the same time 5 miles so frequently at New-Haven....

689 distant ; bark Hortensia, struck by lightning Persons struck by lightning should be showered May 30, 1846 ; 74 sheep killed by lightning at with cold water

757 Wells, Eug., 1846; barn burnt by lightning in Warren, Mass. Aug. 8, 1846 ; horse killed by

NATURAL PHENOMENA. lightning; barn burnt by lightning at Spring

Magnetic Rocks.

573 field, Otsego co., N. Y. July 11, 1846, same

Magnetic Island.

573 time a boy was killed by lightning while under

Magnetic Cove....

573 a tree in the same neighborhood ; Steamer

Magnetic Pole.....

573 Citizen struck by lightwing in river Thames,

Magnetic attraction

624, 573 Aug. 1, 1846, but no person injured. House


624,714, 754, 640 struck by lightning near Mercersburg, Pa.,


.586, 718,720, 640, 624, 631 and every person in the house prost rated one

Shower of Grubs in winter..

719 of whom did not recover..

Diseased Vegetation 608

607 Man killed by lightning near Kingston, Upper

METEORLOGICAL. Canada, Oct. 2, 1846...

631 | Temperature of the atmosphere, state of the Barome

ter, course of the wind, dew-point, fall of Rain and snow, thunder, lightning, hail and frost, as observed at the State Salines at Syracuse. New

York, by L. W. Conkey, March and May 1846. 570 April, 1846.

560 June, 1846

588 July, 1846.

605 August 1, 1846, to March 1, 1847. 700 to 721 De Snow and Rain the year 1846

715 Aggregate fall of Rain and Snow at Syracuse for

715 Temperature of the air and state of the weather

at Saltville, Washington county, Va., for May, 1846, by W. King, Jr....

570 April, 1846

560 June, 1846

589 Temperature of the air, tall of rain, course of the

wind, thunder and lightning, &c. as observed

at Saltville, Va., by W. P. Milnor, July 1846. 605 Meteorlogical observations made every hour from

6 A.M. to 10 P.M. at Saltville, Va., by W. P. Mil.

nor, from Ang. 1, 1846, to March 1, 1847.700 to 721 Meteorlogical observations made on Brooklyn

Heights, hourly by E. M., 571, 588, 605,700 to 721 Meteorlogical Record kept by Dr. Strong, at Erasmus Hall Academy, Flatbush, Long Island

571,588,605, 700 to 721 Meteorlogical Records of New-York Hospital, by Mr. Dacey,

709 to 721 Accounts in detail of storms on sea and on the

land from Sept. 6, 1846 to March 1, 1847, 722 to 755 Tornado at Grenada, Miss. 21 persons killed, 62

wounded and town destroyed ..568, 573 Cuba

649 Hurricane in Oct. 1846,

639 Nov. 1846..

642 at Brownsville, Pa.

575 at Wilmington, Del..

570 Hail Storms in 1738

633 Hail Storm in South America

676 Storm at Alexandria

635 Great Snow Storm in 1777

755 Hurricane in Sicily and also in Russia.

586 Comparison of Climate....

593 Comparative meteorology and Freemont's Rocky Mountain tour

641 Hail Storm at Natchez

573 Great flood in France, in Oct. 1846

643 Great flood in the Kiskimauites...

573 Drought

570, 572, 674, 635, 624 The weather..652, 655, 656, 633, 644, 640, 650. 651,

555, 592, 589, 758 Rain....

741, 715,721, 607, 633, 640, 649 Icebergs.

586, 570 Snow storms

650 Baro dieter..

643 Rise and fall of Lake Ontario..

*651 Temperature of the Sea and of the Gulf Stream 608 Opening and closing of Erie Canal and H. River, 633 Meteorlogical Record for March and April 1847, 758 Shipwreck of steamers

.690, 644 Mountain Morning

Specimens of rock, sand, ore, &c., from the Gold
Mines of Villa Rica, Georgia...

590 Geological formations of the regions round about

Saltville, south western mountains of Virginia, 667 Deep Cavern in Onoudago county

659 Volcanic Lake, Onondago County..

659 Virgin (ron..

632 NOTE.—The present serios of numbers, 41 to 48 inclusive, are bound up under one cover in order to place in the hands of the members of the Legislature on the adjournment of that body. The State Constitution, commencing with page 625, is accompanied by an Index of four pages all marked with the same folio, this index is more ample and extensive than any index yet published, and will be found of great convenience. The meteorlogical records are not accompanied with detailed remarks as the preparation of these require more leisure and more time than I had at iny disposal--they will, however, be found more ample than any meteorlogical records (that I have ever seen) published, and being made simultaneously at three different stations several hundred miles apart, will afford information in reference to the changes of temperature rarely to be met with. The record in this series embraces observations made hourly for nine consecutive months.-ED.

Municipal Gazette .



NEW-YORK, JUNE 1, 1846.

[VOL. I....No. 41

FThe MAY No. of the Gazette containing the Constitution of Massachusetts, Connecticut and Vermont, &c. pg. 81 to 96 of the volume both inclusive, is issued to supply a vacant number in the volume in order that we may be able to place the entire volume complete in the hands of each of the members of the Convention as soon as they shall be organised for business. The present number contains some important facts in relation to the Montgomerie charter, copied from the volumes of copies of documents obtained in England, by Mr. BROADHEAD, and now in the State archieves:

by tax on the estates, real and personal, of the freeholders and inhabitants of and situated within the said city and county, and to be collected according to law, to be applied towards defraying the expenses of police in said city and county. And also a further sum of one hundred and ninety-one thousand one hundred and ninety-three dollars eighty-two cents, by tax on the estates, real and personal, of the freeholders and inhabitants of and situated within the said city and county, and to be collected according to law, to be applied to supplying the deficiency in taxation in said city and county for the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-five. And also a further sum not exceeding one hundred and seventy-four thousand nine hundred and sixty eight dollars, by tax on the estates, real and personal, of the freeholders and inhabitants of and situated within that pars ef the said city and county of New-York, which is or may be designated by a resolution or ordinance of the common council of the said city of New-York as the " Lamp district,” to be dollected according to law, and applied towards defraying expenses of such parts of the said city last mentioned.

R 6. The charter or amendments adopted by the convention to be organized under this act, shall be submitted to the electors of the city and county of New-York, each provision separately at the election to be held in the said city on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November, in the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-six ; and such amendments as may be approved by a majority of said electors at said election, shall thenceforth be incorporated in, and form a part of the charter of the city of New-York. And if an entirely new charter be submitted to the electors at said election, the same shall, upon being adopted by a majority of said electors, become the charter of the city of New-York. The tickets to be used at the election to be held under this section, shall be prepared in such form as the said convention may direct.

97. The expenses of the election of delegates held under this act, and all expenses attending the convention, shall be paid out of the treasury of the city of New-York. The proceeding of the convention shall be filed in the office of the clerk of the county, when dnly certified to by the pressding officer and secretary or secretaries of said convention.

Ø 8. The members of the convention shall have power to provide for their own pay, which shall not exceed one dollar and fifty cents per day for every day actually in session.

(Amended... See page 556.]

ANNUAL TAX BILL. We give below the annual Tax Bill. It authorises the assessment of the heaviest tax ever before imposed in the city of New-York. The necessity for such a tax does not exist. One half the sun authorised, properly expended, would be far more useful to the City than this great waste of money lavished upon political favorites.

A question of great importance arises under this act with respect to what particular personal property is assessable.

The act is special-has a local and not a general operation, and differs in that respect from the State Tax act. The act has been bunglingly drawn. It provides as follows: to be collected according to law." As to the assessment of it, the provision is specialand no personal property is authorised to be assessed except of freeholders and inhabitants of the city and county whose real and personal estate is situate with in the county.

The question then arises under section 5 of page 381 of the 1st volume of the Revised Statutes as to the oath. If the person taxed declares that he is worth only a certain sum named in the affidavit over and above his just debts and property exempted from taxation, and he includes in this exemption all his personal estate without the county of New-York, whether such a construction is right?

The counsel of the corporation, Mr. Brady (whose course so far in office has been greatly approbated on account of his honesty of purpose and careful compliance with law) should instruct the assessors in this.

No. 282.
IN ASSEMBLY March 5, 1846.
Introduced by Mr. ALBERTSON.

To enable the supervisors of the city and county of

New-York to raise money by tax. The People of the State of New-York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as folloros :

Sec. 1. The mayor, recorder and aldermen of the city of New-York, as the supervisors of the city and county of New-York, of whom the mayor or recorder shall be one, are hereby empowered, as soon as conveniently may be after the passage of this act, to order and cause to be raised by tax, on the estates, real and personal, of the freeholders and inhabitants of and situated within the said city and county, and to be collected according to law, a sum not exceeding nine hundred and sixty thousand one hundred and sixtytwo dollars, to be applied towards defraying the various contingent expenses legally chargeable to the said city and county, and such expenses as the mayor, aldermen and commonalty of the city of New-York may in any manner sustain or be put to by law. Such portion of the contingent expenses of the said city of New-York as relates to re-paving and cleaning streets in that part of the said city lying south of a line running through the centre of Thirty-fourth street, shall be assessed only that part of the said city lying south of the said line.' And also the further sum not exceedmg four hundred and twenty-eight thousand dollars,


No. 341.
IN ASSEMBLY March 24, 1846.
Introduced by Mr. STEVENSON.

To provide for the calling of a convention to amend

the charter of the city of New-York. The People of the State of Nero-York, represented in

Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

Section 1. An election shall be held in the city of New-York on the first Monday of June ensuing the passage of this act, for the selection of

delegates in each ward of said city, to a county convention for revising and amending the charter of the said city of New-York.

♡ 2. The delegates chosen to this convention shall be chosen as representatives from each ward, each delegate representing ten thousand inhabitants; and if any ward have, in addition to this ratio, a fraction of six thousand and upwards, one representative shall be allowed to be chosen for said fraction: but each of the present wards of the city of New-York, without regard to its population, shall be allowed one representative in said convention.

03. Notice of such election shall be given, and the same shall be conducted in the manner now provided by law in regard to the charter elections in the city of New-York, and the name of each delegate voted for shall be written or printed, or partly written and partly printed upon each ballot, and the ballot shall be endorsed “ Delegates to the Convention," and a separate box for the deposite of such ballots shall be kept by the inspectors of each election district in the several wards of the said city. The result of such election shall be ascertained and certified in the manner now provided in the act regulating charter elections in said city.

4. All the provisions of law for the purity of elections in the city of New-York shall apply to the election held under this act; and all false swearing at said

Ø 5. The delegates to be chosen under this act, shall meet in the city of New-York on the first Monday of July next, at the chamber of the board of aldermen, and shall then, or as soon after as may be practicable, organize and adopt rules for their government. They shall complete their business so that any charter or amendments adopted by them, may be submitted to the electors of the city and county of New York, es in the next section provided.

TAX UPON ACTUAL CAPITAL. The following bill was reported in the Senate. The same bill has been three times reported in the same form, and yet remains dormant.

No. 16.

IN SENATE, January 16, 1846. [Reported by Mr. Porter, from the Committee on

Finance.] An Act to amend the Revised Statutes in relation to

the exemption of incorporated companies from taxa

tion, and for other purposes. The People of the State of New-York, represented

in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows :

Section 1. Section nine of title four, of chapter thirteen of part one of the Revised Statutes, which authorizes the exemption of incorporated companies in certain cases from taxation, is hereby repealed.

V 2. All banks established under the act entitled “ An act to authorize the business of Banking," passed April 18, 1838, shall be subject to taxation on the amount of capital paid in or secured to be paid, in the same manner as incorporated banks; and the proper officer or officers of such banks shall make an annual statement to the Comptroller and the assessors in the manner provided by the second section of title four, chapter thirteen, of the first part of the Revised Statutes.

3. The provisions of the fifteenth section of the second title of the thirteenth chapter of the first part of the Revised Statutes, shall be extended to all such banks, and to all incorporated companies subject to taxation, and the affidavit in such case may be made by the president, cashier, secretary, or treasurer thereof; and such banks and incorporated companies shall be assessed on the actual value of all their real and personal estate at the time of making such assessment; and all provisions of law which are inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed. The proper officer or officers of such banks and incorporated companies shall make and deliver to the assessors an annual statement of the amount of all their real and personal estate in the manner required by section two, title four, chapter thirteen, of the first part of the Revised Statutes.

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