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ings; three of Mr. Curran's; Sir James MACKINTOSH's famous speech for Peltior; four of Mr. CANNING's; and five of Lord Brougham's, including his instructive discourse on the study of eloquence in the Greek orators. Some of the most finished letters of Junius are given in their proper place, with remarks on his style as an admirable model of condensation, elegance, and force. In the first fifty pages will be found nearly all the celebrated speeches before the days of Lord Chatham, from Sir Robert WALPOLE, Lord CHESTER: FIELD, Mr. PuLTENEY, Lord BELHAVEN, Sir John Digby, the Earl of STRAFFORD, and Sir John Eliot. The selections in this volume extend through a period of two hundred years, and embrace a very large proportion of the most powerful eloquence of Great Britain.
The following are the aids afforded for the study of these speeches :
(1.) A memoir of each orator, designed to show his early training in eloquence, the leading events of his public life, the peculiar cast of his genius, and the distinctive characteristics of his oratory. It ought to be said, in justice to the author, that these sketches were completed in every essential particular, long before the publication of Lord Brougham's work upon British Statesmen.
(2) A historical introduction to each of the speeches, explaining minutely the circumstances of the case, the state of parties, and the exact point at issue, being intended to place the reader in the midst of the scene as an actual spectator of the contest. These introductions, with the memoirs just mentioned, form a slight but continuous thread of political history, embracing the most important topics discussed in the British Parliament for more than a century.
(3.) An analysis of the longer speeches in side-notes, giving the divisions and subdivisions of thought, and thus enabling the reader to perceive at once the connection and bearing of the several parts,
(4.) A large body of explanatory notes, bringing out minuter facts. A few of these, on Chatham's early speeches, are from the Modern Orator, anil also some definitions of law terms in two of Erskine's, p. 637–83.
(5.) Critical notes, as specimens of the kind of analysis which the author has been accustomed to apply to the several parts of an oration, and which every student in oratory should be continually making out for himself.
(6.) Translations of the passages quoted from the ancient and foreign languages, with the poetry rendered into English verse. The passages are usually traced to their sources, and the train of thought given as it appears in the original, without a knowledge of which most quotations have but little force or beauty. For the same reason, the classical and other allusions are traced out and explained.
(7.) A concluding statement of the way in which the question was decided, with occasional remarks upon its merits, or the results produced by the decision.
Great compression has been used in preparing this volume, that all who are interested in the study of eloquence may be able to possess it. Each page contains the matter of three ordinary octavo pages in Pica type; and the whole work has in it one sixth more than Chapman's Select Speeches, or Willison's American Eloquence, in five octavo volumes each.
In conclusion, the author may be permitted to say, that while he has aimed to produce a volume worthy of lying at all times on the table of ev. ery yne engaged in speaking or writing for the public, he has hoped it might prove peculiarly useful to men of his own profession; since nothing is more desirable, at the present day, than a larger infusion into our sacred eloquenca of the freedom, boldness, and strength which distinguish our secular oratory
Sept 1si. 1852.
CON TEN T S.
Ilis early life, 1; elected to the House at the opening of
leader of the Opposition, 54-5; comparison between
him and Lord Mansfield, 55; gains a completo ascend.
made Paymaster of the Forces, ib.; exhibition of dis.
interestedness, 56-7; on the death of Pelham comes out
against Newcastle, his sticceseor, 58; attack on Mans
field, “Felix trembles," ib.; attack on Fox, "conflux of
SPEECH when Impeached of High Treason.......... 11 poses war against her, but overruled by Lord Butc, ib.;
resigns, ib.; makes his “Sitting Speech" against Lord
Strafford, ib.; changes sides and comes out against the
ham administration, ib.; forms his third ministry, and
is raised into the House of Lords, 67 ; his loss of health
and inability to administer the government, 68; resigns
'Tis extraction and character, 19; evils resulting from a death, 71 ; characteristics of his eloquence, 71-5.
SPEECH on a Motion for an Address on the Marriage of
leading measures, ib. ; errors of his ministry, 29; char.
SPEECH on a Motion to Inquire into the State of the Na.
SPEECH on the Septennial Act....
SPEECH against the Quartering of British Soldiers on the
SPEECH in favor of an immediate Removal of the British
ib.; his general unpopularity, ib. ; his death, ib. SPEECH against a Motion for adjourning Parliament, Do
LAST SPEECH upon America, with the circumstances of
His birth, 45; early love of polite literature, ib.; elegance LORD MANSFIELD..
his various public employments, ib.; re.
adhered to the Stuarts, ib.; sent carly to the Westmin.
ster school, ib.; his great proficiency, ib. ; remuved to
Oxford, ib.; his studies in rhetoric, ib. ; commences the
study of the law, ib.; laborious training in extempora.
neous speaking, ib. ; historical studies, 144; practice in
elocution, ib. ; a favorite of Pope, ib.; extent of his
Ifis birth and early sufferings from the gout, 52; his ed. business as a lawyer, ib.; made Solicitor General, ib. ;
ucation at Eaton, ib.; his conversational powers, ib. ; comparison between him and the elder Piti, ib.; made
as Chief Justice at the age of eighty-three, ib.; his death, Sheridan, 230; writes his Reflections on the Revolut
its errors, ib.; its excellences, 231-32; his separation
REMARKS on the foregoing speech with the American ar.
granted bim, 235; his Letter to a Noble Lord on the
SPEECH in the case of Allan Evans, Esq.
ib.; characteristics of his genius and eloquence, 37-40
160 SPEECH on Conciliation with America ............. 265
LETTER to the Printer of the Public Advertiser .....
LETTER to Sir William Draper.
INVECTIVE against Mr. Corry.
LETTER to the Duke of Graiton
CHARACTER of Lord Chatham..
LETTER to the Duke of Grafton
LETTER to the Duke of Bedford.
RICHARD BRINSLEY SHERIDAN.
REMARKS on the Character of the Duke of Bedford (by His parentage and connection with the stage, 399; early
192 dramatic productions, ib.; purisose of Drury Lane
LETTER to the King ..
193 Theater, ib.; election to Parliament, ib.; inade Under
LETTER to the Duke of Grafton
200 Secretary of State, 400; keen retort on Pitt, ib. ; speech
KEMARKS on the character of the Duke of Grafton (by the against Hastings in the House, ib. ; speech before the
204 House of Lords under the impeachinent, 401 ; Lord
ESTIMATE OF JUNIt's by Mr. Burke and Dr. Johnson. 204 Byron's lines thereon, ib. ; indolence and effrontery as
a speaker, 402; his wit and humor, ib.; habits of intem.
206 perance, 403 ; unhappy death, ib. ; personal appearance
His birth and delicate constitution, 206; educated at a
and character as an orator, 404.
Quaker school in Ballitore, ib.; carly training, ib.; re Speech against Warren Hastings when impeached be.
classical literature, ib.; distinction at Eaton and Oxford,
ib.; early extravagance, 439; enters Parliament, iv.,
first a Tory and in otfice under Lord North, 440-; turp
Burke, 441; his labors to form himself as a debater,
inaiden speech, highly praised by Lord Chatham, ib. ;
443; becomes head of the Whig party, ib.; is made Sec.
goes out with Lord Rockingham, and becomes leader
retary of State under Lord Rockingham, 444; disap.
pointed in not becoming Prime Minister on the death
of Rockingharn, ib.; forms his Coalition with Lors
North, 445; drives out the ministry and becomes Sec.
retary of State. ib.; his East India Bill, 446; speech in
in the Lords, ib. ; !is speech against secret influence,
member of Parliament,” 216; speech at Bristol previ.
448; displaced and Mr. Pitt made Prime Minister, ib. ;
ous to the election, 216-17; declines the polls, and re.
unsuccessful efforts to drive Pitt from power, ib. ; West-
minster election, 449; Mr. Fox's speech on the subject,
of the American war, “shearing the wolf." 217–218;
450; decision of the House in his favor, ib.; derange-
after the fall of Lord North, comes in with Lord Rock.
ment of the King, ib.; Mr. Fox asserts the right of tho
Prince of Wales to the Regency, 451; King recovers,
measures for economical reform, 219; originates the
452; Mr. Fox's speech against Mr. Pitt for arming against
East India Bill of Mr. Fox, ib.; his intimate acquaint-
Russia, 453 ; his Libel bill, ib.; his views of the French
Revolution, 454 ; his speech on Mr. Pitt's rejection of
Bonaparte's overtures for peace, 458; comes in under
Lord Grenville as Secretary of Foreign Affairs. 459 ; his
death, personal appearance, 160; characteristics of his
ing a Regency, ib.; his unpopularity and abusive treat. SPEECH on the Russian Armament
ment in the house, ib. ; his early jealousy of the French Speech on Parliamentary Reform
Revolution, 2:27 ; reasons, 297-28; his first collision Speech on the Rejection of Bonaparte's Overtures for i
Fox's efforts to drive him out, ib.; his energetic resist. constitution, ib.; enters Parliament, ib. ; be
His birth in London, 831; descended from an lion
ily of distinction, ib.; premature death of his ini. inho,
dependent condition of his mother, who goe
stage for her support, ib.; his early proficiency * nt",
ib.; his love of English literature, ib.; is to
His birth at Edinburgh. 629; early education at Edin.
high standing at Oxford, ib.; influence of c
ib. ; leaves the university and commences ti
the law, ib.; is invited by Mr. Pitt to becon
ical adherent, ib.; elected to Parliament, ib.
charocter ng a speaker, 33, unit, in esta
grinder, 853-4; made Under Secretary of Stitt sini 1
erward Treasurer of the Navy by Mr. Pitt, 854;
Secretary of Foreign Affairs under the Duke care
land, ib.; tights a duel with Lord Castlereag! .
out of office, ib., is chosen member of Parison
Liverpool, 855; goes as embassador extrao dos
Lisbon, ib.; appointed Governor General oms, id),
is appointed Secretary of Foreign Affairs, ib.,
SPEECH in behalf of Bingham
708 of his character by Sir James Mackintosh, 8
-SPEECH against Williams for the publication of Paine's
SPEECH on Radical Reform
ness and eloquence during the State Trials, 787-8; acter of his oratory, 888; comparison betwer1.17 and
SPEECH on the Invasion of Spain by France.
SPEECH in behalf of Rowan..
790 SPEECK on Parliamentary Reform.
SPEECH in behalf of Finnerty
805 INAUGURAL DISCOURSE, when inducted as Lord Icon
SPEECH against the Marquess of Headfort
814 of the University of Glasgos...