« PreviousContinue »
This institution now holds a conspi- (of England have furnished the learned and Lord Clive, were all trained in pricuous place among the public schools of professions, and the literary world, with vate schools ; so were Lord Coke, Sir England. It was founded in the year many distinguished men ; but that the Matthew Hale, and Lord Chancellor 1567, by Lawrence Sheriff, citizen and greatest men, in every department of Hardwicke, and Chief Justice Holt, among grocer, of London, who bequeathed pro- literature and science, have attained their the lawyers; so also, among statesmen, perty for its future maintenance; namely, eminence without such assistance, may were Lord Burleigh, Walsingham, the the parsonage of Brownsover, his birth- be seen from the following passage, ex- Earl of Strafford, Thurlow, Cromwell, place, a freehold house in Rugby, and tracted from the Edinburgh Review, Au- Hampden, Lord Clarendon, Sir_Walter one-third part of his estate in Middlesex, gust, 1810.
Raleigh, Sydney, Russell, Sir W. Temple, comprising a pasture land called Conduit
According to the general prejudice in Lord Somers, Burke, Sheridan, Pitt. "In Close, in Gray's-Inn Fields. These were favour of public schools, it would be addition to this last, we must not forget but small beginnings. The Middlesex thought quite as absurd and superfluous the of names such eminent scholars, and estate was of little value at the time of to enumerate the illustrious characters men of letters, as Cudworth, Chillingits bequest, as it lay nearly half a mile who have been bred at our three great worth, Tillotson, Archbishop King, Selfrom any houses of the city then erected, seminaries of this description, as it would den, Conyers Middleton, Bentley, Sir and especially as there was no hope of its be to descant upon the illustrious charac- Thomas More, Cardinal Wolsey, Bishops ever forming part of the metropolis, owing ters who have passed in and out of Lon- Sherlock and Wilkins, Jeremy Taylor, to some acts of parliament, passed in the don by our three great bridges. Almost Richard Hooker, Bishops Usher, Stillingreigns of Elizabeth and James the First, every conspicuous person is supposed to fleet, and Spellman; Dr. Samuel Clark, prohibiting the erection of any new houses have been educated at a public school, Bishop Hoadley, and Dr. Lardner." within the walls of the city, or within and there are scarcely any means (as it three miles of its gates, on the penalty is imagined) of making an actual com
THE QUAKERS AND SLAVERY. that all such houses should be destroyed. parison ; and yet, great as the rage is, of slavery with Christianity, and emancipated
The Quakers soon saw the incompatibility Happily, however, for this Foundation, and long has been,
for public schools, it their slaves. In the year 1787 there did not these enactments were of but temporary is very remarkable, that the most eminent remain a single slave in the possession of any force. They appear to have arisen from men, in every art and science, have not member of the Society of Friends. the ravages which the plague had made been educated in public schools — and They were actually persecuted for their enin London during these reigns, which this is true, even if we include in this deavours to instruct their own negroes. had left many tenements unoccupied, and term, not only Eton, Winchester, and seeking compensation for the loss of their
It is curious that the Quakers, so far from which appeared to Government to have Westminster, but the Charter-House, St. slaves, actually gave compensation to the been caused by excess of population. The Paul's School, Merchant-Taylors', Rug- slaves for the injury which had been done immense subsequent improvement of this by, and every school in England at all them by holding them in slavery. They cal“ pasture” may be estimated from the conducted on the plan of the three first. culated what would have been due to the fact, that, in 1809, it was covered with The great schools of Scotland we do not slaves as wages, over and above food and upwards of eighty houses, besides other call public schools, because in these the clothing, from the commencement of their valuable erections. In proportion to these mixture of domestic life gives to them a slavery, and paid the debt, thus clearing their advantages, this institution has risen in widely different character. Spenser, Pope, conscience, as far as they could, of this deep scholastic eminence, having supplied our Shakspeare, Butler, Rochester, Spratt, The Friends are determined advocates of universities, and other literary bodies, with Parnell, Garth, Congreve, Gay, Swift
, immediate abolition.-Morning Chronicle. some very distinguished ornaments. Thomson, Beaumont and Fletcher, Ben Still, however, with all the éclat of Johnson, Sir Philip Sydney, Savage, Ar
SINGULAR FACT. this, and similar institutions, we can-buthnot, and Burns, among the poets, were
Some idea of the quantity of water which not help avowing our opinion, that not educated in the system of English may be formed from considering the fact stated
can be injected into wood, by great pressure, the system of public education in schools. Sir Isaac Newton, Maclaurin, by Mr. Scoresby, respecting an accident which England is one of very doubtful ad- Wallis, Hampstead, Saunderson, Simp- occurred to a boat of one of our whaling-ships. vantage. The alternate servitude and son, and Napier, among men of science, The line of the harpoon being fastened to it, tyranny, which constitutes the school-life were not educated in public schools. The the whale in this instance dived directly down, of the students in these establishments, three best historians that the English and carried the boat along with him. On remust surely be an inauspicious prepara- language has produced, Clarendon, Hume, turning to the surface, the animal was killed ; tion for the exercise of those powers and and Robertson, were not educated at pended beneath the whale by the rope of the privileges to which many of them are in- public schools. Public schools have done harpoon ; and, on drawing it up, every part of troduced in after-life; and the misery of little in England for the fine arts, as in the wood was found to be so completely satuthe first condition, considering the very the example of Inigo Jones, Vanbrugh, rated with water, as to sink immediately to the critical time of life at which it occurs, and Reynolds, Gainsborough, Garrick, &c. bottom.--Babbage's Economy of Manufactures. the influence which it must exert on the The great medical writers and discoverers formation of the character, would of itself in Great Britain, Harvey, Cheselden, frightens him who contemplates it. Two hun
A LARGE library has this advantage, that it lead us to prefer a private to a public Hunter, Jenner, Meade, Brown, and Cul-dred thousand volumes are calculated to diseducation. Besides this, the numbers of len, were not educated at public schools. courage a man who is tempted to print. But such establishments are in general so Of the great writers on morals and meta- unfortunately he says to liimself, The greater great, as to render hopeless that constant physics, it was not the system of public part of these authors are not read, but I may and strict superintendance, on the part of schools which produced Bacon, Shaftes- be. He compares himself to a drop of water the masters, which appears to us equally bury, Hobbes, Berkeley, Butler, Hume, which complained of being lost and unknown necessary to the literary and moral well- Hartley, or Dugald Stewart. The greatest caused an oyster to swallow it... Ti became the
in the ocean; a genius took pity on it, and being of those who are placed under their discoverers in chemistry have not been most beautiful pearl of the East, and the princare.
brought up in public schools—we mean cipal ornament of the throne of the Great Nor do we think that the statistics of Dr. Priestley, Dr. Buck, and Davy-the Mogul. Those who are but compilers, imiliterature offers any stronger evidence for only Englishmen who have evinced a re-tators, petty verbal critics-in short, those on the necessity of such institutions, than markable genius in modern times; for whom some good genius has not taken pity, the moral considerations we have sug- the art of war, the Duke of Marlbo- I will remain for ever drops of water. But our gested. It is true that the public schools rough, Lord Peterborough, General Wolfe, hero fags in bis garret with the hope of be
coming the pearl.-Voltaire.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE. tribute, Alfred, since times have gone badly with work. If as much sugar was raised already as
me; but it is difficult on a coffee plantation. If was wanted, those four labourers might make a
I were in Brazil, the proprietor of a gold mine, great saving by refining and claying the sugars at ILLUSTRATIONS OF POLITICAL ECONOMY. De- or at Panama, the lord of a pearl-fishery, I would home ; which
business is now done elsewhere.' MERARA. A TALE. By HARRIET MARTI- adopt their customs. I would supply my slaves “In the Spanish colonies, where there is a London : C. Fox. 1832.
with provisions and tools, and they should return large proportion of free labourers, I know they There is more truth and sound philosophy the surplus.' me a certain quantity of gold or pearls, and keep do many things among themselves which British
planters do not, and thus reduce the cost of cultiin this Tale than in half the Essays which are “That is one way of making them work by vation in a way that we should be very glad to published. It treats of slavery ; exhibiting fair means, father. It is an important approach imitate.' in a graphic style its impolicy and wicked- to emancipation, as I believe it was found in Rus- ""Such imitation is easy enough, surely. We ness. Miss Martineau has merited the praise sia. It seems, too, an excellent preparative for a have only to introduce as large a proportion of of the humane and wise of all classes, by oc- state of freedom; and surely such a preparative free labour.' cupying her time in the preparation of such a would never have been adopted, and would not “The wages of free labour are so dreadfully work. We have read it with pleasure, and can have been allowed to proceed to entire emancipa high,' objected Mr. Bruce.
"Only in proportion to the scarcity of free avouch for the moral accuracy of the principles tion, if such comparative freedom had not been ad
vantageous to the master as well as the slave. It labour, I believe, father. Wherever there is little and
calculations which it embodies. It displays is a strong argument, brought forward by slave- of a good thing, it is dear, according to the general an extensive acquaintance with the facts of the holders, in favour of emancipation.”
rule. Slave-labour is not only dear in itself; but case, and developes with a master's hand its
“. But the plan could not be tried on a coffee. it makes free labour dear also ; and gives an undue moral and political enormities. It consists of plantation, son : that is the worst of it.
If we advantage to free labourers at the expense of the Twelve Chapters, the titles of which we sub- lived in the neighbourhood of a large town, 1 other two parties. If we would but allow natural join-1. Sumise brings sorrow in Demerara. wonld attempt it on a small scale. Some of my principles of supply and free competition to work, 2. Law endangers property in Demerara. 3. slaves should let their labour, paying me a weekly the rights of all parties would be equalized.'” Prosperity impoverishes in Demerara. 4. tribute, and keeping whatever they earned over and pp. 74–79. Childhood is wintry in Demerara.
5. No above. This is done in places south and west of haste to the wedding in Demerara. 6. Man us on this continent, as a Spanish friend of mine which we take from the Seventh Chapter. We
We must make room for another extract, worth less than beast in Demerara. 7. Chris-was telling me lately.' tianity difficult in Demerara. 8. The proud
“Suppose we try task-work instead, father.' have often conjectured what the language of covet pauperism in Demerara. 9. Calamity if the experiment did not answer, there would be we have endeavoured to place ourselves in
** I have no other objection than this, son- slaves must be when addressing the Deity. welcome in Demerara. 10. Protection is op
no getting the slaves back to the present system.' their situation, to realize their sufferings, igpression in Demerara. 11. Beasts hunt men
"A strong argument against the present norance, and degradation; and have then in Demerara. 12. No master knows his man system, father; but not the less true for that : asked what would be our petitions if in similar in Demerara. The tale is in the form of a suppose then we try with some new employment. circumstances we offered prayer to God ? dialogue; and the principal personages are Mr. If the blacks are as stupid as they are thought to However we may disapprove, we ought not to Bruce, a planter, and his son Alfred, lately be here, we need not fear their carrying the princi- wonder if the prayers of slaves should be for exhibits the impolicy of the system, and will make bricks by task-work. Why should we im- the death and ruin of their cruel oppressors. be read with interest.
port them, when we have abundance of brick clay Miss M. gives the following illustration : on the estate, and labour to spare ?'
“When Alfred reached the threshold, he thought ".. Well, but, Alfred, give me the items. Tell " It has been found to answer better to import he heard the murmurs of a voice within, and me the value of a healthy slave at twenty-one ? them.
stepped round to the opening, which served for a “I believe his labour will be found at least 25 ««Who says so ?'
window, to observe for his guidance what was per cent. dearer than free labour. From birth to
“Mr. Herbert, my old neighbour. He had passing within. Cassius was alone : it was his fifteen years of age, including food, clothing, life- not straw enough, to be sure,
growing, as he does, voice that Alfred had heard. His night-fire was insurance, and medicine, he will be an expense; little besides sugar.'
smouldering on the earthern floor, and he was will not he?'
“Ah ; the bounty is all in all with these sugar kneeling beside it, his arms folded, his head ". Yes. The work he does will scarcely pay growers, father. They keep their eye fixed on that drooped on his breast
, except now and then when his insurance, medicine, and attendance, leaving bounty, and give no other article of production a he looked up with his eyes, in which blazed a much out his food and clothing ; but, from fifteen to fair chance. Besides, I suppose he did not try brighter fire than that before him. A flickering twenty-one, his labour may just defray his ex- task-work.'
blaze now and then shot up from the embers, and penses.'
" Not he. But consider, Alfred, how very showed that his face was bathed with tears or perVery well; then food and clothing for fifteen little the freight is : and then, there is the fuel.' spiration, and that his strong limbs shook as if an years remain to be paid ; the average cost of "The fuel is easily had; and a ton of coal icy wind was blowing upon him. which, per annum, being at the least £6, he has will serve for eight tons of bricks. We are better * Alfred had often wondered, while in England, cost £90 over and above his earnings at twenty- supplied with straw than if we raised sugars only; what Christianity could be like in a slave country. one years. Then, if we consider that the best and the apparatus is not expensive. Only con- Since he arrived in Demerara, he had heard tidings work of the best field-hand is worth barely two- sider, father : the labour of your slaves, at present, of the Christian teacher who had resided there for thirds of the average field-labour of whites—if does not average more than fifteen pence a day; a time, which gave him a sufficiently accurate nowe consider the chances of his being sick or lame, and brick-makers, in England, make from five to tion of the nature of his faith and of that of the or running away, or dying—and that, if none of seven shillings a day. Po let me try whether, by planters ; but he was still curious to know how these things happen, he must be maintained in working by count, we cannot raise the value of the gospel was held by the slaves. He had now old age, we must feel that property of this kind
our slave-labour, and save the expense of importa- an opportunity of learning, for Cassius was at ought to bring in at least 10 per cent. per annumtion.'
prayer. These were snatches of his prayer. interest on the capital laid out upon him. Whe
"But, my dear son, we do not want bricks May he sell no sugar, that no woman may ther the labour of a black, amounting to barely enough to make it worth while.'
die of the heat and hard work, and that her baby two-thirds of that of a wbite labourer, defrays his “Our neighbours want them as well as our- may not cry for her. If Christ came to make men own subsistence, his share of the expense of an selves ; and it may answer well to withdraw a per- free, let him send a blight that the crop may be overseer and a driver, and 10 per cent. interest on manent portion of labour from our coffee-walks spoiled; for when our master is poor we shall £90, I leave you to say.'
add transfer it to our brick-field. The art is not be free. O Lord, make our master poor : make Cettainly not, son, even if we forget that difficult, and the climate is most favourable, so him sit under a tree and see his plantation one we have taken the average of free labour, and the confidently as we may reckon on the absence of great waste.
Let him see that his canes are dead, prime of slave labour. We have said nothing of heavy rains for weeks together.'
and that the wind is coming to blow down his the women, whose cost is full as much, while their “: Well; we will see about it, son.'
house and his woods; and then he will say to us, earnings are less than the men's. But you over- “I give you warning, father,' said Alfred, I have no bread for you, and you may go. O God! look one grand consideration ; that whites cannot laughing, that I shall not be content with one pity the women who cannot sleep this night bework in the summer time in this climate and on experiment. If we save by brick-making, I shall cause their sons are to be flogged when the sun this soil.'.
"' It is only saying free black instead of white. propose our making the bagging and packages for rises. O pity me, because I have worked so long, The tenure of the labour is the question, not the
our coffee at home, instead of paying so high as and shall never be free. Do not say to me, You we do for them.'
shall never be free. Why shouldst thou spare colour of the labourers, as long as there is a plen- "Nay, Alfred; what becomes of your boasted Horner, who never spares us? Let him die in his tiful supply of whichever is wanted. Ooly let us principle of the division of labour.!'
sleep this night, and then there will be many to look at what is passing before our eyes, and we “I think as highly as ever of it where labour sing to thee instead of wailing all the night. We shall see whether negroes working for wages, or is as productive as it ought to be. But where will sing like the birds in the morning if thou wilt even under tribute, are not as good labourers as eight free labourers do as much work as twelve take away our fear this night. If Jesus was here, whites.'
slaves, it follows that if those twelve slaves were he would speak kindly to us, and, perhaps, bring “I have often meditated adopting the plan of | set free, four of them would be at leisure for more a hurricane for our sakes. O do not help us less because he is with thee instead of with us!. We that could burst from the lips of a slave.”—pp./ interval, do not appear to have materially dihave waited long, O Lord! we have not killed 87–92.
minished the interest_universally felt in all any one : we have done no harm, because thou hast commanded us to be patieot. If we must
We regret we cannot quote more; but that relates to lim. The little volume before wait, do thou give us patience ; for we are very
our readers, we doubt not, will generally pro- us is the last attempt that has been made to miserable, and our grief makes us angry. If we
cure the work itself. Its extensive circulation gratify that interest; and, though it contains may not be angry, be thou angry with one or two, cannot fail to produce a powerful impression but a very succinct and crowded account of that a great many may be happy.'
in favour of the immediate release of the the principal events in the life of Napoleon, “ These words caught Alfred's ear amidst many wretched and perishing bondsmen,
yet it appears to us to answer its end. which he could not hear. In deep emotion, he
Its narratives are orderly and perspicuous; was about to beckon his companion to come and
and the tedium of detail is frequently relieved listen too, when he found he was already at his Lives Of The Twelve ; OR, THE MODERN by lively anecdotes and occasional quotations elbow.
Cæsars. By H. W. Montague. Part I,- of poetry. On the whole, we think, from this "Stand and hear him out,' whispered Alfred. NAPOLEON BUONAPARTE. (Embellished
specimen, that the series of biographical . You will do him no harm, I am sure. You will with Four beautiful Engravings.)
sketches which it commences, is likely to prove not punish a man for his devotions, be their character what it may. Let Cassius be master for
The lapse of eleven years since the death of both entertaining and instructive, and well once. Let him teach us that which he under. Buonaparte, and the numerous histories of adapted to the perusal of young persons. We stands better than we. He seems to have thought his life and delineations of his character which hope that the future numbers will not disapmore than you or I on what Christ would say to have been presented to the public during the point these expectations. our authority if he were here. I will go in when he rises and hear more.'
“For God's sake, do not trust yourself with him. Let us go. Don't ask him for water, or anything else. I will have nothing-I am going home this moment.'
" Then I will follow,' said Alfred, knocking at the door of the hut as soon as he saw that Cassius had risen and was about to replenish his fire. “ Cassius, I have overheard some of your
00 prayers,' he said, when he had explained to the astonished slave the cause of his appearance. 'I was glad when you told me that you had been made a Christian; but your prayer is not that of a Christian. Surely this is not the way you were taught to pray ?
«« We were told to pray for the miserable, and to speak to God as our father, and tell him all that we wish. I know none so miserable as slaves, and therefore I prayed that there might be an end of their misery. I wish nothing so much as that I and all slaves may be free, and so I prayed for it. Is it wrong to pray for this ?'
«« « No. I pray for the same thing, perhaps, as often as you ; but“Do you? Do you pray the same prayer as
KIRKSTALL ABBEY. we do ?' cried the slave, falling at Alfred's feet and looking up in his face. •Then let us be your
It lies, perhaps, a litile low, made by him, in case of his recovery slaves, and we will all pray together.'
Because the monks preferr'd a hill behind, “I wish to have no slaves, Cassius ; I would
from a dangerous illness, to build a reli
To shelter their devotion from the wind." rather you should be my servants, if you worked
gious house, to be dedicated to the Virfor me at all. But we could not pray the same
gin, and peopled with Cistertian monks. prayer while you ask for revenge. How dared you These reverend gentlemen appear to it occupies a very considerable area; ask that the overseer might die
, and that your have had more taste than one who looked measuring within the walls 445 feet from waste, when you know Jesus prayed for pardon only at the general character of the mo
east to west, and from north to south for his enemies, and commanded us to do them nastic pursuits would be disposed to attri- 340 feet, and enclosing a quadrangle of good when we could ?'
bute to them. At all events, if we judge 143 feet by 115. It is somewhat remark"Was it revenge ? asked Cassius. 'I did not of their austerity of character by the spots able that it does not point due east and mean it for revenge ; but I never could understand which they selected as the scenes of their west. pray for my master's sorrow and Horner's death if devotional retirement, we must conclude These venerable relics, though entirely it would do nobody any good, or even nobody but that they did not so rigorously mortify destitute of ornament, must still have me; but when I know that there would be joy in their tastes and feelings as their creed been remarkable for their elegance and a hundred cottages if there was death in the over, I would seem to demand. The Cistertian beauty, if we may judge by the unusually seer's, may I not pray for the hundred families ? And if I know that the more barren the land monks (as we think we have observed in elaborate style in which they are noticed grows, the more the men will eat, and the women our notices of monastic remains) appear by antiquarian writers. Thomas Gent, in sing, and the children play, and the sooner I my; to have been especially happy in the his History of Rippon, describes it in the self shall be free, may 1 not pray that the land choice of their localities, and Kirkstall following passage :-“ Before I proceed my master grows poor. You know the gospel better Abbey is an admirable specimen of this. to the monuments of St. John's, 'I shall than I do. Explain this to me.'
The worthy founder, who pretends to have refresh myself, and the reader, with a " Alfred did his best to make it clear that, while been directed to the spot by divine in- little observation of Kirkstall Abbey, near blessings were prayed for, the means should be left timation, has steered clear of all the dis- Leeds. A place once so famous excited and promised, it was plain he did not see why he advantages of damp and bleakness, and my curiosity to ride thither, early one should not take for granted the suitableness of to have settled his brethren where (if any morning, in order to view it. No sooner means which appeared to him so obvious.. When where) they might dream away their lives it appeared to my eyes, at a distance, ceived, he only wondered at the moderation of his in all the luxury of indolence, but without from a neighbouring hill, but it really petitions, and the patience with which he bore re. the miseries of ennui,
produced in me an inward veneration. proof. Horner had given him notice, the preceding The site of this beautiful ruin is in a Well might the chief of the anchorites evening, that as it appeared, from his exertions ai vale, watered by the river Aire, between leave the southern parts for this pleasant the mill-dam, that he was of more value than he Bradford and Leeds. The monastery was abode, and the abbots also desire so debled. In such a case, a prayer for such low prices founded in 1152, at the expence of Henry lightful a situation. I left my horse at a as would lessen his own value was the most natural ' De Lacy, and in consequence of a vow I stile; and, passing over it, came down by
a genti, descent towards its awful ruins; may be called so; the stately reverential | it a mere shell, with roofless walls, having which, good God! were enough to strike aisles in the whole church; the places yet a well-built, but uncovered steeple ; the most hardened heart into the softest for six altars, on each side of the high the eastern parts embraced by its beloved and most serious reflection : the stately altar, as appear by the stone pots for holy ivy; and all about the whole pile desogate, north-west of the abbey, through water; the burial-place for the monks, late, solitary, and forlorn." The same which they were once used to pass into a on the south side (near the palace), now tone is also perceptible in the following spacious plain, at the west end of the made an orchard, having trees in it much remarks on Kirkstall Abbey, from another church, and so, through another gate, to of the same height of the lofty walls, pen :-“ Neither is the ruin less pleasing the area facing the Lord Abbot's palace, casting an awful gloomy shade ; the dor- and picturesque, on whatever side you on the south side of it; the crystal river mitory, yet more south-east, with other approach it. The soothing and harmoAire incessantly running by, with a mur- cells and offices; all these are enough to nious variety of its parts, with the vemuring but pleasant noise, while the furnish the contemplative soul with the nerable aspect of the whole, captivate the winged choristers of the air add their me- most serious meditations. And what is mind in that degree, as to cancel, in a lodious notes, to make the harmony the yet to be observed, that this stately build- manner, all concern for its present state. greater; the walls of the edifice (built ing, having been the last in this country For, like the censor Cato, in his old age, after the manner of a crucifix) having that arrived to its full perfection and it supports that dignity in decay as seems nine pillars on each side, from east to beauty, was the soonest visited and de- to boast a triumph over time.” west, besides those at each end, if they I stroyed at the Dissolution. Now only is
HINDOO TEMPLE AT GORUCKHNATH, NORTH INDIA. Tuis plate presents a view of a place imagined, presides; while his seat, which nary worshippers retire, satisfied with a of heathen worship, called Goruckhnath, has no idol figure on it, is an object of slight inclination of the hand, or a conabout two miles from Goruckhpore, North idolatrous reverence.
descending recognition, from the priest. of India. This temple is situated in the Once a week, on a fixed day, the chief The following reflections are from the midst of a beautiful and extensive forest priest holds a kind of religious levee in very original pen of Mr. Foster, with of mango trees; and is a place of much the verandah of the temple. On these whom most of our readers are (or ought celebrity among the Hindoos, who resort occasions, several handsome carpets are to be) acquainted, as the author of " Fosto it, not only from the surrounding dis- spread near the central door, on which is ter’s Essays”-one of the most extraorditricts, but even from the remote provinces placed a large cylindrical pillow. Upon nary productions of genius which our lanof India.
this the Mohunt reclines, clothed in a guage contains. The subjoined passage A chief priest, called a Mohunt, and a variegated silk dress. A large concourse is, we think, not an unfair specimen of its number of devotees, are connected with of disciples attend; each of whom, in re-author's general style of thinking and this temple; and are maintained by a gular order, ascends the steps of the ve- writing; and, as it is immediately conlarge revenue, derived from lands, and randah, and advances toward the en- nected with our subject, we cannot refrain other sources. The devotees wander over trance : having deposited his offering on from quoting it. Speaking of the resistthe country, dressed in garments of a the shrine, he retires-rings a bell, hung ance offered to the efforts of a teacher of salmon colour: for the double purpose of up for the purpose immediately above Christianity, by temples, pompous cereextending the tenets peculiar to this sect the door, makes his salaam, or obeisance, monies, and other visible symbols of the of Hindoos, and of collecting the contri- to the chief priest—and then mingles with Hindoo religion, he says: butions of the people in support of the the crowd assembled in the quadrangle in “ His next address may be uttered in temple, and its worship.
front, Rajahs, and other persons of rank the vicinity of a temple, which, if in ruins, The peculiar feature of this superstition or influence, usually occupy a post of seems to tell but so much the more imis, that there is no visible representation honour near the Mohunt, after they have pressively, by that image and sign of anof the supposed deity: his influence, it is done homage at the shrine ; while ordi- 1 tiquity, at what a remote and solemn