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of the Church.


1. D. 1614. with respect to communicating in matters of against par.

religion with heretics, [i.e., the Catholic Church ticipation in of Ireland, ] or going to their churches, or hearthe worship

ing their sermons.” Such is the heading of this
division ; but the matter of it is unfortunately
deficient in the manuscript which contains the
record. The heading itself however
plainly to indicate that there appeared among
the people at that time too great a willingness
to continue their adherence to the worship and
rites of their old Church ; and that the papal
clergy found it necessary to take active mea-
sures for putting a stop to the practice as far as
was possible. The remainder of the minute is
of less consequence to our present subject, and
cannot therefore be any further enlarged upon
in this place.

From the life of Owen Mac Mahon, (or acFerence of cording to the anglicised form of his name, the titular Eugene Matthews,) who was titular archbishop clergy of Leinster. of Ďublin at this time, it appears that in the lat

ter province also, as well as in Armagh, there was held in the same year (1614) a meeting of the papal clergy, similar to that which we have been just considering. In June of this year*, we are informed that, Archbishop Matthews “presided at a conference held in the city of Kilkenny, for the reformation and good government . See Dalton's Memoirs of the Archbishops of Dublin, p. 384, seqq.

Similar syo nod or con

of the province of Dublin, on which occasion 4. D. 1614. decrees were passed. 1st. For the reception of the Canons of the Council of Trent, as far as compatible with the time and circumstances. 2ndly. For the establishment of vicars, and the appointment of deans to preside over the priesthood.” 5th. For the decorous celebration of the mass . . . . that at least a clean place should be selected where the altar might be sheltered from wind and rain ... 7th. For the maintenance of the priests, (inasmuch as the ecclesiastical revenues were in the hands of those opposed to their Church,) by collections from their flock ... 8th. For the morality of the clergy, their abstaining from mercantile pursuits, worldly traffic, farming, and especially from intermeddling in the affairs of the state or political questions, &c., &c.

It appears therefore that at this time the Philip clergy of the Romish persuasion in Ireland were account of

O'Sullevan's busily engaged in organizing their newly-formed the new communion in this country, appointing“ vicars-ments, general,” “ deans," "parish priests," &c.; a new A.D. 1621. hierarchy, new succession, new orders, new canons, and, in short, an entirely new ecclesiastical establishment for Ireland. A still more comprehensive and interesting account of their proceedings, for the accomplishment of this object, is furnished to us by the famous Romish author,

A. D. 1621, Philip O'Sullevan, who, in the reign of King

James, was living as an exile at the court of Spain ; and there published, in A.D. 1621, his rancorous and bitter production, entitled, a “Compendium of the Catholic History of Ireland,” which we have had occasion to refer to

more than once already in the present history. Foreigners

In this work O'Sullevan gives us an account of and foreign the assistance which had been supplied to the very influ. Irish by foreigners, and especially by the king entin in the of Spain, towards the support of the papal reli


gion in Ireland, by providing for the education of the youth in seminaries established for that purpose beyond sea, by having them thus trained up for holy orders, and by providing means and money for such purposes. He then adds, that many also of the rich and affluent Irish paid for the support of persons who were sent over to be educated in Roman Catholic countries, that they might return again to Ireland and help to repair the losses which Rome had sustained in their native land by the influence of the Reformation. After which he proceeds to give the following account of the doings of the Roman

ists in Ireland itself at the time when he wrote:* Zeal and

“In Ireland likewise,” observes our author, artifices of “there are yet some attaching themselves to the tic orders. religious orders, while still greater numbers are

• Hist. Cath. tom. 4, lib. 1. cap. 17.

receiving ordination for the sacred office. These A. D. 1621, administer the sacraments, assist such as are firm in the faith, establish the wavering, support the falling, raise up the downcast : they give expositions of the Holy Gospel, preach sermons to the people, expose the artful schemes of the heretics. The more frequently they are ordered to quit the kingdom, the more pleasure they feel in remaining there; aye, and even in flocking together into it. To avoid being observed by the English, they dress themselves in the apparel of lay persons; and appear, some as merchants, or medical men, some as knights, equipped with dirk and sword, others under other characters and pretences.

“ And in order that there may be priests in Method all parts of the kingdom to attend to the cure of adopted for souls, a salutary plan has been set on foot, for new body of the better understanding of which we are to bear for the pain mind, that there are in Ireland four archbi- rishes of shoprics and a large number of bishoprics; and that at the present day (Ap. 1621,] they are all held by ring leaders of heresy, [i.e., Catholic bishops of the Reformed Church,] and that [R.] Catholic prelates are not appointed [i.e., by the pope of Rome] to the titles belonging to them, unless in some few instances, for this reason, that it is considered that such a number of bishops could not, without the ecclesiastical dues, main

Of titular

this age.

A. D. 1621. tain their proper dignity and consequence. On

which account four [titular] archbishops, who bishops for have been consecrated by the Roman pontiff, * only two re- are appointing priests, or clerks, or persons of sident and the religious orders, for vicars-general, in the resident in suffragan bishoprics, with the sanction of the

apostolic see. And Eugene Mac Magauna [i.e., Mac Mahon,] the [titular] Archbishop of Dublin, and David O’Kearney, of Cashel, are encountering great perils and immense labours in attending personally to the feeding of the sheep of their archbishoprics. While Peter Lombard, the [titular] Archbishop of Armagh, and Florence O'Melconry, Cor Conroy] of Tuam, (who for many reasons is unable to live in Ireland secure from the English,) have entrusted the charge of their provinces to vicars.”

Philip O'Sullevan then goes on to give a origin and boastful account of the number of priests, friars, this new ec- &c., of Rome, to be found in Ireland preaching establish- disloyalty and schism, and of their incredible ment.

activity and zeal for their bad cause. We must note however that as he is of no great character for truthfulness or honesty,f his words are not

See p. 890, sup. Also, Appendix, Nos. 65 and 66, inf. t" Philip O'Sullevan? A worthy author to ground a report of antiquity upon, who, in relating the matters that fell out in his own time, discovereth himself to be as egregious a liar as any, I verily think, that this day breatheth in Christendom." Abp. Ussher, in his Religion of the A. I., chap. 8, near the end.

Note on the

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