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as part of his household, which was but none seemed likely to succeed ; on a very different footing theu to he knew he could not leave her by what it is now, Lord T

fair means, as orders had been given not at that time steward; the rats and by Sir John for none of the young mice did not go about the palace with gentlemen to go on shore on any actears in their eyes : the spits did not count, without his particular perlie by and rust, and a fire was to be mission. seen in all the kitchen chimnies.

Day after day Tom revolved in his On Tom's return from Holland, he mind how to get on shore, for the began to confider himself more of a mip now seemed like a prison to him ; man (having seen the world ;) his he had been three weeks on board, busineis now became restraint, and he eat up all the stock that he had often neglected it; frequent com. brought, and drank up all his liquors, plaints were made to his father, who with the aflistance of his mellmates, gently chid him for his remiffness, (for he was never niggardly) and which he conitrued into severity: therefore he had nothing now fome words arose between them, and amuse him ; the quarter-deck was the fon, instead of mindig his father's but a short walk, and he had counted advice, gave his pasiions their head, a thousand times how many steps it and intirely, by his misconduct, incur- was from the gangway to the cabinred his displeasure ; and indeed his door. He thought his genius cramp. behaviour was too notorious to pass ed, and forgot, in so short a space of

His days were mostly spent in time, all the promises he had made to bed, to repair the rest which he lost his father. A project at length struck by sitting up all night, frequently him, that seemed to wear an appeargetting into quarrels and disputes, ance of success: he had a friend who was which sometimes ended in being sent a clerk at the war-office; to him he to the watch-house, from whence his wrote an account of his situation, and father was more than once obliged to his earnest desire of quitting it upon bail him, and enter into recogni- the first opportunity, as the thip zances for his future good behaviour. would soon sail for Portsmouth, and

His father now procured a recom- there it would not be so easily effectmendation for his son to the late Sir ed. The plan he laid down to his John Bentley, who jut at that time friend, was to write a letter as from was appointed to the command of the the war office, to seal it with the ofWarípite, a fine 74 gun ship, just fice seal, and direct it to him on board Jaunched at Deptiord, and then rig. his majesty's ship. Warspire, in Longging and fitting out for fea; and he Reach, acquainting him tliat a conwas accordingly accepted as a mid- mission in the army was preparing for Thipman. Tom's uniforms

him, which he was desired to come up made; he put on his sword and to London in order to receive. This cockade, and strutted a few days letter was shewn by him to Sir John among liis acquaintance in Covent. Bentley, who, not doubting the truth Garden : foon liowever he was order of it, gave him leave to go on fhore; ed on board, which he complied with, but at the same time reininded him for it was something new to him; he that if he did not obtain it, he mult repaired to the thip with his chelt, and not fail to come on board again imwas Mewed down to the Oriop among mediately, which he very gravely his mellinates. He thought it rather promised Sir John he would; and queer, he has since often said, to be after taking leave of his mesimates, viewed up in a damned hole, worle without chest or baggage, he jumped thun a night cellar, with no light all into a Gravesend boat, and took a day long, but from candles, to eat timal farewel of Sir John, the chip, nahis meat off a trencher, with a lea vy, his chest and bedding, thinking chest for his table, and lie in a bag his liberty of more worth than all. (tor fo be called the hammock :) wlien As soon as our hero reached Lon. the ship got into Long Reach, he be- don, he bethought himself of his chelt, gan to be tired of his view occupation, which, by an artful letter that he lent and sigh for his old acquaintance and on board, he received safe ; his wants the spouting clubs; a tlioufand schemes he knew would very soon demand the he.thoughi of to get out of the trip, neceílary supplies which its contents

could

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1776.

61

Tom's first Entrance on the Stage. could furnish. Home he was certain also the payment of the carriage of the was no place for him ; his father's dis- performer's things; but as to the last, pleasure he was sure was unconquer. Tom did not put the company to exable, therefore he did not attempt it. pence; he went an outside passenger

He now gave a full range to his in the stage, and had all things in a passions, and thinking himself his own hat box, which went carriage free. mafter, indulged his every inclination: He joined the company in good but in a short time he found his ward- spirits, law a tolerable theatre, and robe decrease apace, his cash was soon some sort of regularity, and again gone, and he had begun to borrow was for shining in tragedy; the ma. on his clothes for prelent subsistance; nager did all he could to persuade him he dined upon a waistcoat, went to to the contrary, but in vain ; at the play and supped upon a shirt, and length he insisted on the contrary, breakfasted upon a stock and pair of and the rest of the performers thinkstockings; he was therefore afraid in ing their interest might be hurt with a fortnight's time he should eat up the regard to the receipts of the houses, chest and all its contents : something joined in wbat the manager said, and was of course to be done; he looked he was fain to comply, and therefore round him for some eligible means of played Scrub with great approbation : subsistance, and after a few moments he however performed (as players in thinking, concluded on the stage. the country are servants of all work)

He accordingly applied at his usual several parts in tragedy during the seahouse of call, the Black. Lyon, in fon, but met with no kind of success Russel-itreet, and there found a va. in his attempts, which he attributed cancy in the celebrated Oliver Carr's to the want of judgment in the aucompany, which at that time was at dience, being well affured he knew Endreld. Carr's company was well his own for better than any one else. known to all the playwrights for The business with this company many years; it had made lines of cir- was worse than Mrs. Carr's; Tom cumvallation round London, and oc- therefore made away with almost every casionally pitched its tent at everything he had, and he quitted this town, village and hamlet within twen- company the very day after his benefit ty miles about this metropolis. Tom by which he cleared five and twenty saw the manageress, for though Oli- inillings, and set off for London, with ver was dead, and his wife kept the all his wardrobe on him. company, it ftill went in Oliver's Tom's arrival was lucky; Yates name; ihe faw Tom, and received him and Shuter had taken a booth'in Bara member immediately. Things tholomew Fair, and he got engaged worth nothing are very soon to be with them for the time it lasted. Here had; the Tharing was so small that no he paraded (thewed himself between one could live on it but the manager. every performance to the mob in Tom now was no economist, so it his stage dress, io a .gallery erected will be easily guessed what he did when before the booth) and played nine he joined the company.

times a day for a guinea. The To three different towns did Tom money he got set him a little upon his go with mother Carr, in which time legs, and by means of a friend he was his benefits and Maring, put together, engaged at Foote's, in the Hay-Mardid not amount to five fillings per ket, but in a very low cast of playing ; week. 'Tis not to be supposed he for even at the coming out of the Micould subsist on so small a fum ; in nor, in the year 1960, he only played truth he did not, but left a number of Dick: he now met with an agreeable chalks at each place, besides a small young lady, a milliner in the Haypart of his wardrobe.

market, whom he courted and mar, Tom afterwards had an offer to join ried, but by whom he never had any a company about fifty miles from children; he appeared at Foote's London, and the manager gave him theatre in Lucy, in the Minor, and half a guinea for his journey, the promised, with care, to make a toleusual allowance being at the rate of rable actress; her forte was in singing a guinga for an hundred miles, and and sentimental comedy.

PARo The Remainder of Mr. Weston's Life, his Charaller as a Comedian, and his Seruine Wili, in our next. Seejeme Lines to his Memory in our Poetical Ejays.

Feb.

62

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PARLIAMENTARY HISTORY. An Abfract History of the Proceedings of the second Seffion of the fourteenth Par.

liament of Great Britain, which met and was bolden at Westminster, on Thursday tbe 26th of October 1775. Continued from our Magazine for the Montb of January lajt, p. 16.

HOUSE of COMMONS. He address carried in the House fiderations, which induced your Ma.

of Lords being reported the same jefty to send a part of your electoral night, was ordered to be presented troops to the garrisons of Gibraltar in the usual form: that agreed to by and Port Mahon, in order that a larger the Commons according to the usages number of the established forces of this of that House, was to be reported, kingdom might be applied to the and on the report Jay open to further maintenance of its authority.” discussion. The next day, being the Sir Matthew Ridley, Sir William 37th of October, Mr. Ackland re. Lemon, Sir Robert Smith, Mr. Viner, ported the address, which produced and Mr. Powys, distinguished themanother debate, no less warm, acri- selves on this occasion. Some of them monious and obstinate, than the declared, they went away without former.

voting, sooner than give their sanction Before we proceed to state the argu- to a measure which appeared to them ments, lo abiy and strenuously main- no less illegal and unconstitutional, tained on hoth fides, it will be neces. than dangerous in point of precedent, sary to take notice of a circuittance and wanton and unnecessary in relpe& which happened the preceding even- of policy. Others expressing the same ing, but which did not so immediately, sentiments, owned, that they had voted or properly, come within the trans- for the address, but it was on the imactions of that memorable night. plied condition, that they were to get

Several independent gentlemen, who fatisfaction on that head; for they bad bitherto voted with the minister could never consent to recognize in on American affairs, seemed to be much the crown, an inherent right of offended and disgusted with that par- introducing foreigners into this kingfage in the speech, which informs the dom, without a necesity stated, as two Houses of Parliament, " That his the only ground for such a meaMajetty, as a teftimony of his affec- fure. tion, bad sent to the garrisons of This conversation was kept afloat Gibraltar and Port Mahon, a part of for full two hours, in the course of his electoral troops, in order that a which, the minister was alternately larger number of the establimed forces called upon by some of his steadied of this kingdom might be applied to friends and warmest opponents, to the maintenance of its authority.” give an assurance, that if the address When therefore the following passage were permitted to pass in its present in the address, in answer to that form, he would on some future day, paragraph in the speech, came to be to be appointed, bring the legality of reported, several of them role; and the measure under the confideration of while they made the most explicit de. the House. To this proposition, he clarations of their firm and decided seemed extremely unwilling to give a opinions in favour of coercive mea- direct reply; and on being further füres to be pursued against America, pressed, answered in general terms, they expresied the fullest disap- that the navy and army eltimates would probation of introducing foreigners come before the House in a few days, into this kingdom, under any pretenee, either of which he supposed would be without the previous consent of par- a proper time for the fuller disquisition liament.

of the present question. The passage in the address was in Mr. Powys having perceived, that the following words : “ We thank. no direct assurance was to be drawn fully acknowledge the gracious con- from the minister, moved, " that the

aderers

1776.

PARLIAMENTARY HISTORY.

63 address be recommitted.” He was fe- remarkable on this occasion, as will apconded by Sir Robert Smith, and a pear in the sequel. formal debate commenced.

The first law officer of the crown, The same topics and the same argu

as well as several other members of ments, which were subjects of the administration, now contended, that former debate, again recurred. The the address was no more than a matter right of imposing taxes, for the pur- of course; that it would be indecent poles of raising a revenue on America, though the House were perfectly conthe expediency of enforcing, and the vinced that the measure was illegal practicability of carrying such a claim and unconßitutional, to foist it into into effectual execution, was contend- the address ; that the words “gracious ed for or denied. The conduct of ad- considerations" were of a loose and inministration was attacked and defend- definite signification; that they coned. In hort literally speaking, al- tained nothing specific, and if they most every thing urged in the debate really did, an address taken in the on the speech, was repeatedly infifted mere light of compliment, by no means on. As to the subject of the foreign precluded the House to resume the troops, it seemed in a great measure subject; that this was according to to be totally overlooked, till at length the known and established usage of the minister being frequently told, parliament, even when the House had that the measure molt probably was not conceived a decided disapprobation of bis own, but had been dictated to him, 'the communications from the throne ; he rose and assured the House, that that even in the reign of Charles I. he was one of the king's servants, who before matters were brought to exhad advised it ; that he thought it per- tremities, this rule had never been defectly justifiable; and was fully satis- parted from in a single instance; that fied, that it could be defended both departing from it in the prelent, would on principles of law, and of the con- be juitly deemed a direct insult of the ftitution,

person of his majesty, not a censure As the debate had been now drawn of his ministers ; that the measure out to a very considerable length, and was founded in law, and supported by as several of the gentlemen who had the principles of the constitution, but voted for the address, seemed defirous that was not now the proper subject to confine the present consideration of consideration ; that those who imamerely to the point of the foreign gined it was not, might bring it be. troops, Mr. Powys was prevailed on fore the House in a more regular and to withdraw his motion of recommit- parliamentary manner, if they thought ment, to make room for another fpe- proper,on some future day; and that, if cifically directed against the evil, which on a full examination the measure was properly the subject of debate. was found to be unconstitutional or On this idea Sir George Yonge again illegal, the necessity might be thewn, called on the minister to explain him and its advisers be protected, as mifelf, before he should make his in- nisters in such cales always were, tendeil motion ; but a promise of any by a bill of indemnity.--The minister kind of future security being refused to immediately took the hint, or more be given, Sir George proposed the fol. probably followed it. He lowered his lowing amendment to the address, by tone considerably. He said, for his inserting in it, instead of the passage own part, he saw no necesity for the before quoted, “ We will immediate. bill now mentioned, he still thought ly take into consideration the mea. the measure right, but as several genfure of introducing foreign troops in- tlemen, for whose sentiments and opito any part of the dominions of the nions he had always retained great crown of Great Britain, without the deference, differed from him, he had previous consent of parliament." no objection to such a bill. He was

This motion again united the coun. always pleased to learn the sense of the try gentlemen (who disapproved of the House, and acquielce in its opinion introduction of the foreign troops whenever it could be fairly and imparonly) with those who were averse tially collected. If therefore the present the American me.Sures at large ; and queition thould be taken up as a distinct the adroitness of the minister was pretty object, either by the way of a resolu.

tion or a bill, he would chearfully lance of Europe, that a number of abide by whatever determination the forces should be kept up," put the mat. House might come to; for in either ter beyond all question, and Thewed event, it was plain, he could have no that the common law of the land, the interest or wish to prevent it.

great constitutional compact entered This declaration seemed to foften into by the prince and people, by the apd satisfy fome of those who expressed solemn declaration contained in the themselves moít warmly against the bill of rights, and the statute annually measure; and the queltion being put passed for keeping up a standing army, at one o'clock in the morning, the all united in eltablishing one grand report was agreed to by a majority of conftitutional position, that no army 176 against 72.

can be introduced or kept on foot HOUSE of COMMONS. within this kingdom without the preOftober the 30th the minister, in vious consent of parliament. pursuance of that part of the king's The arguments opposed to the forefpeech, which recommended a well going, were rather ingenious than soplanned and well regulated national lid, and subtil than convincing; it militia, as the means of giving farther was said the paragraph in the bill of extent and activity to our military rights, though it were allowed to mean operations, presented “ a bill for en- what was now asserted, must be taken abling his majesty to call out and af- as a general position with all its consemble the militia in cases of rebellion, ditions annexed : the first of these was in any part of the dominions of the in time of peace, the second was withcrown of Great Britain." The bill in the kingdom. No man in his senses was read a first time, and ordered to could say that Gibraltar and Portbe read a second time on November mahon were within the kingdom. If the ad. A mort conversation ensued, in a more extensive sense by a fiction relative to the impropriety proposed of policy they should contend that by the title of the bill of trusting the those fortresles were virtually within additional powers out of the hands of the kingdom, then it followed of course parliament, and vesting them in the that all the dominions of the crown crown, upon conditions, which by the of Great Britain were within the kingartifices of the minister miglit be dom; if this were granted the only created at pleasure.

question which remained to be deterHOUSE of LORDS.

mined, in order to legalize the mea. Nov. the it. The duke of Min- sure on the principles maintained by chefter made the following motion in the friends of the motion, was simply the House of Lords, “ That bringing to know whether America was now into any part of the dominions of the in a state of rebellion. It would be crown of Great Britain, the electoral hardly contended that a rebellion from troops of his majesty, or any other fo- those deductions being within the king, reign troops, without the previous dom, that the present were times of consent of parliament, is dangerous peace, consequently the spirit and and unconftitutional.”

setter of the bill of rights remained perThis motio'n was ably supported on fectly inviolate, and were ftri&tly purthe part of opposition ; the ground on sued, for it could now be fairly mainwhich it was maintained was fimple tained in argument, and supported by and perspicuous : it was said, by the an- fact, taking the premisses in either cicnt or common law of the land no view, that his majesty had not raised, troops could be raised without the cor- nor kept on foot a landing army in fent of parliament ; that this law was time of peace within the kingdom. recognized and confirmed at the Re- A little after 8 o'clock the question was volution, which is the great founda- put, contents

were 32, non contents 75. tion of the present establishment; that HOUSE of COMMONS. if it required any other legal sanction, The sanie day colonel Barre called on the mutiny bill which recites “ that the secretary of war for the last returns keeping a ftanding army within the of the army, the places where they were kingdoin is against law, but is necef- ftationed, and an account of the effecsary for the Tafety of the kingdom, tives and non-effectives of each corps. the defence of the posterions of the This was strongly refifted by all the crown, and the preservation of the ba. leading mmbers of aúministration, to

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