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west window, and fine clustered columns, with their rich
capital ; the beautiful and varied mouldings of the arches,
clenestory, triforium, and lofty, vaulted roof, although
many of these finest features have been defaced by here-
ditary coats of whitewash.

Passing under the unsightly organ-gallery to the choir,
we are struck with its ancient carved stalls of Irish oak,
and the very handsome stone pulpit. The pointed arch,
the elaborately sculptured bosses of the roof, and the capi-
tals on the columns are well worthy of notice.
Here

, too, are the tombs of King John and Arthur
Tudor ; that of the craven king is a handsome Purbeck
marble monument in front of the altar, his stony effigy
lying in royal state, crowned, sceptred, and girded with
his sword, supported, too, on either side by small figures
of Oswald and Wulstan-strange contrast to the sight
which met the eyes of those who opened the tomb more
than fifty years ago, when the bones lay mouldering in
their ragged damask, and the ghastly skull was hidden by
a monk's cowl

, such grave-gear being chosen by the king,
in the poor hope that it would insure his spirit safe con-
duct through purgatory to Paradise. King John's tomb
is supposed to have been erected in 1504, about the same
time as the magnificent chantry chapel and monument
for Prince Arthur, which fills the arch to the south of
the altar. The old chronicler, Leland, makes mention of
the funeral of this boy-bridegroom. How four bishops,
deren abbots

, priors, curates, secular priests, clerks and
children, with surplises in great number, and I suppose
all ye torches of ye towne, with many of ye neighbour-
ing gentry, went forth to meet the corpse as it was
carried from Ludlow to Worcester. The chapel is an
oblong building, beautifully enriched in decorated Gothic,
and telling its own tale of the union of the red and

rows of saintly figures in their
niches--virgins, martyrs, and confessors-are placed the

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white rose. Amongst

token-flowers of England, France, and Spain-roses, fleur
de-lis, and pomegranates, with the badges of York and
Lancaster quartered on the royal arms. Very rich, too
are the decorations within the chantry. The altar bas
been destroyed, but a figure of the Saviour substituted
at the east end between the effigies of Henry and
Edward ; the tomb is ornamented with the arms of
England and France, and bears the following inscription :

‘Here lyeth buried Prince Arthur, the first begotten
sonne of the righte renowned King Henry the Seaventbe,
which noble Prince departed out of this transitory life att
the Castle of Ludlowe, in the seaventeenthe yeere

of his father's raygne, and in the yeere of oure Lord God one thousonde five hundred and two.'

The Lady Chapel, with its tall, thin, insulated shafts of Purbeck marble, clustered, or standing singly, is different in style both from the choir

, as well as the more decidedly Norman parts of the church.

Amidst the numerous mural tablets in this part of the cathedral, is one small tablet, which, in these simple, loving words, tells a sweeter story than the finest sculpture.

M. S. Here lyeth buryed soe much as could dye of Ann, the wife of

IZAAK WALTON,

who was a woman of remarkable prudence, and of the Primitire Piety ; her great and generall knowledge being adorned tian meekenesse, as made her worthy of a more memore with such true humility, and blest with soe much Chris

She dyed (alas ! that she is dead,) the

able monument.
17th of April, 1662, aged 52.

Study to be like her.'

Then there are two stone slabs, said to be those of Wok stan and Oswald, and ancient tombs of knight and abbess

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placed opposite the more delicate triumphs of the modern
sculptor's art, as in the case of the Welsh knight's tomb
in the Dean's, and the exquisite female figure by Chantry
in the Bishop's Chapel. Perhaps the monument by Rou-
billiac to Bishop Hough in the north transept of the great
cross aisle

, is the one most generally admired as a won-
derful piece of sculpture in detail, but for those who
would fain see 'mind enchanted into stone,' the simple
figure of Maria Digby would possess the greater power
of attraction.

What a charm there is in a cloister walk! and it is felt even in the ruinous quadrangle at Worcester. Very curious rude specimens of sculpture adorn the groined roof ; figures of the blessed Mother and Child ; the four evangelists ; angels and crowned kings, and groups illustrating some familiar Scripture story. On a small stone in the pavement at the north cloister door, is carved the single word Miserrimus,

a mournful record of the last resting-place of a clergyman who, upon refusing to acknowledge the supremacy of William of Orange, was deprired of his preferment, and died a pensioner upon Jacobite charity. It was at his own request that the plain slab, with its single word so expressive of sád meaning,

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should be placed over his grave.

"Miserrimus and neither name nor date,
Prayer

, text, or symbol graven upon the stone,
Nought but that word assigned to the unknown,
That solitary word—to separate
From all, and cast a cloud around the fate
Of him who sleeps beneath.'

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Glancing into the chapter-house, built in 1372, we may notice the cathedral library founded by that good and true wife of Leofric the Mercian, the Ladye Godiva, and to the guesten hall of the monks, used for the entertain containing several manuscripts of great value ; then on

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ment of strangers, a beautiful old building, with a finecarved roof well worthy of ample restoration.

No remains of the fine old castle which once covered beveral acres of ground to the south of the cathedral can now be traced by the antiquary, except that noble entrance to the college green, known as Edgar's Tower, a fine old structure, built by Ethelred the Second, and called by him after his father's name; boasting, too, in its palmier days, of a statue of this monarch, and in niches on either side of him, figures of his two queens. These have long mouldered away, together with a piece of rude sculpture representing Christ crowning His mother ; and we can only rejoice that the tower itself has so long weathered the storms of time; the oldest, and one of the very few relics of the good Saxon rule once held in ancient Worcester.

(To be continued.)

THE EARTH AS IT IS.

CHAPTER III.

MOUNTAINS.

The variations in the Earth's surface not only give pleasure to the eye by the beauties of scenery which they produce, but have far greater purposes to serve; they influence the temperature, fall of rain, drainage, distri

bution and growth of animals and plants. Mountain ranges have a very great effect upon the climate of : of the north, or, running in an opposite direction, shelter country, whether they form a screen from the cold blasts it from the rays of the sun, while they leave it exposed to those piercing winds. Again : the winds stopped in their progress by gigantic walls, are diverted from their course, and defying control, burst forth in counter-currents in various directions, helping to clear and freshen the atmosphere. The clouds, arrested by the same ob

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stacle, and attracted to the earth, have their vapours con-
densed by contact with the cold summits of the moun-
tains, and yield their moisture in abundant rains, which
supply the springs and streams ; while their crags and
ravines, under the influence of frost and suow, glaciers
and avalanches, furnish the rivers with inexhaustible sup-
plies

. According to the direction of the mountains, must
be the course of the rivers ; if they are near the sea, the
rivers which rise amongst them are very short, and their
course very rapid ; if at a great distance from the sea,
they are long, and flow gently. This accounts for the
fact

, that all the principal rivers are found in continents, and not in islands.

On the nature of the mountains, too, depend the mineral riches of a country; if they are composed of granite or slate

, gold and silver, tin and copper, may be found within them ; if of limestone, they are likely to contain lead mines ; and coal when they are made up of sand or gritstone

, while the chalk and clay hills forbid all hope of coal

, lead, or any other valuable mineral ; and, of course,
the commerce and occupation of the inhabitants of a
country are very much affected by its natural productions.
One might add, but that the consideration belongs more
to the geologist than to the geographer, that but for the
upheaving of these mountains, the treasures within them
would have remained unknown and unprofitable.

The usual arrangement of mountains is in groups, call-
ed, from their narrow and elongated form, "chains. The
extremities of a chain are often of inferior elevation, the
greatest heights being attained at intermediate points.
Secondary ranges sometimes branch off from a main chain,
and follow a different direction, as the Apennines diverge
from the Alps nearly at right angles; others run off in a
direction almost parallel with the principal ridge, like
the Jorat range, which branches off from the central line
of the Alps. From these transverse or lateral branches,

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