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1776.

Review of New Publications.

435 the arguments of orators, and the philofo- difficulty of breathing and restlessnels, for phy of the world, without any fupernatural which he had contulted Dr. Myersbach about affiftance ; if any one can believe all these a fortnight before. When I cntered the fick miraculous events, contradictory to the conchamber, the patient was so near his end, and Itant experience of the powers and di/pofi. the family in tuch diftreis, that I could not tions of human nature, he must be porn collect a very accurate account of the profeffed of much more faith than is necesiary cess he had been under: I found, however, to make him a Chriftian, and remain an un- in the room the green drops, red powder, and believer from mere credulity.'

some pills : I took the pills to be opium from CXXIV. Intemperate Zeal improved, the result of their use, as á Reepiness bad and Cbriftian Baptism defended. In a Letter ensued, and continued for three days when I to the Reverend Ricbard De Courcy. Vicar of faw him, from which he never was roused; St. Alkmond's, Sbrewsbury, by Samuel Med. he opened his eyes two or three times, and ley. Is. 60. Kaith.

I think uttered a few words before he expiThis pamphlet is published under a mis- red. nomer ; it should have been, “ Intemperate

CASE VI. zeal displayed, and Christian Beptism very C. a gentleman twenty-three years old, apindecently attacked, by S. M." The adult plied to Dr. Myersbach in the beginning of dippers will always have the laft word, that January, 1776, with a phial of urine; the

To they may cryviflory, and fing te Deum doctor, after shaking it a moment, ran his as they go down into and come up out of hands on each fide of the body of his patient their water.

from the shoulders to the abdomen as quick cxxv. Observations preparatong to the as possible, and with equal velocity in broUse of Dr. Myersbacb's Medicines, in wbicb ken English, cried “ the pain is bere, ebe the Efficacy of certain German Prescriptions is pain is bere,” imagining, doubtless, that by ascertained by Feats and Experience, 6d. encompassing so large a portion of the body, Dilly,

he could not fail of including the disordered The author of this pamphlet, who is fup. part. After the doctor had, in this abrupt posed to be Dr. Lettrom, bas divided it into hafty manner, guessed for some time at every five sections ; in the first he thews-the impro- part of the body as the seat of pain and dis. bability of discovering diseases by the urine; ease, but the right one; the gentleman inand observes as a motive for his publication, formed him, that he frequently suffered the that mistakes in ordinary matters may be re- most acute pain at the extremity of the penis, medied, but a body ruined by injurious treat- particularly after walking or any severe exerment, is a monument of folly, whose inscrip- cise; and likewise when he passed urine, tion the infatuated object painfully paules which he could effect only by drops. The over as long as he lives. « Such instances, says doctor as quick as lightning answered, " Aye he, "have so often occurred to me, that I aye, aye, you are right, I meant that, that is think it my duty to expose to the public some be pain you have ; it is an uncommon disore of the practices which have lacely deludeu a der. I bave bad wo obousand patients in great part of this city; the effeas of which I London, and only one (Jo young) witb your find daily more injurious to he people, having, disorder. It is a liver complaint ; but I will in my own practice, lately, met with many

He then recommended him to persons, whose affecting treatment has been take some pilis three times every day, and Tuch, as demands the tear of humanity, and also his green drops, and particularly infifted that sympathy which the distress of our fel. upon the use of much exercise. In comlow creatures excites, even when it arises pliance with these directions the patient suf. from their own imprudence and mifconduct." fered for many weeks the most excruciating

In the second section the author gives the pains, but his confidence in the doctor formula of the German medicines in English, prompted him to persevere, till worn down which appear to bave been given in ali cafes, by the most cking pain in the parts first let them have been ever so diffimilar in their complained of, he addressed him by letter, symptoms.

and fent with it another, phial of urine, As reason and common sense muft immedi. upon the inspection of which, doctor Myersately detect the ignorance of a practitioner, bach declared his patient was better, tbat who indiscriminately administers ibe same re- there were obree ulcers in tbe bladder, wbicb medies to all diseases; the author in the sbe urine discovered; and tbat be would cure third section exposes Dr. Myerfbach's igno- bem, if bis medicines were perfifted in for rance of the urine, as well as of medicines in tbree moribs, and plenty of exercise was 1a. general by numerous cases, a few of wbich ken;" we shall lay before our readers as instances of Thus amused, the patient dragged on a presuming ignorance.

miserable life to the end of February. AgoCASE V.

ny and violent inflammation in the part In August, 1775, I was defired to visit affected, having at length become too violent W. of Thames-Screet, about 54 years old ; to admit of uling exercise, he was neceffita. he had laboured under a cougb, and a Nighs ted to keep his bed ; and from reft a mitiga

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Lion of pain took place; this convinced him every age, sexand discase, when at the be had becrwysed improperly, although doctor same time he knows he is ignorant of the Myersbach repeatedly inlifted upon the use of science to which he pretends? Are there 00 exercise.

Jaws to punish that man who, robs another After dear bought experience, Mr. C. was of health, the dearest blelling of life, with tno sensible how much he bad been deceived out which life is a burthen? to depend upon foreign emigrants. He ap. Before I conclude, I mall. aasiça a flight plied to Englishmen in the profeffion ; was of hand, which has already deceived a concut for the stone by a furgeon, who extracted siderable part of the town. It was observed a very large one; and be now enjoys perfect in the preceding cale, with what velocity health.

Doctor Myersbach moves his hands trom og There is one circumstance in the present part of the body to the other, all the time case which fould not be omitted : when Laying, “ the pain is bere, tbe pain is bere" doctor Myersbach muß have perceived the by this means he must unavoidably, niac patient was convinced of his ignorance, he times in ten, approach near the past where attempted to persuade, the unbappy sufferer the patient feels mort pain, who immediately that he had cxa&ly three ulcers in his blad- mentions where it is, and the doctor replying der, which he pretended to see in his urine. - 'that that was the part he meant, deceives ilic what a misfortune it was, that all the urine patient into a belief, that his disease, biierto discharged at once was not exhibited, by unknown, is now precisely discovered, and which the doctor might have seen, not only his admiration is equally excited by the mana the three ulcers, bui the stone likewise. ner in which the discovery is made." This reminds me of a case in the North of . There are about twenty other cases equally England, whese water-conjurors abound. A curious, and many of them fatal, and even countryman had brought his wife's urine, shocking to humanity; and among other and after it had been cxtorted from him proofs of doctor Myersbach's ignorance of that his wife had fallen down Nairs, and urine, the author relates his sending a mix thereby received an injury ; the doctor, over ture to impose opon bim, which succeeded carnet to thew his knowledge, declared it agreeable to his expectation, as the imposa was four fteps the had fallen down ; the tion was not discovered by doctor Mye bach. countryman, however, declared it was twelve ; We shall conclude our observations on this but, rejoins the doctor, have you brought all pamphlet, after recommending it to the peruchc water? No, replied the countryman. sal of valetudinariąns, with the following Aye there it is ! concludes the doctor ; you quotation. have left the eight steps in the chamber.pot. “I remember an artful conjurer, in the

The man went home fully convinced of the North of England, who raised an, ample, fordoctor's sagacity.

tupe from the ignorance of the country. Deo. Observations on C's Case.

ple, who came from several neighbouring I have not examined the medicines in the counties to consult him. He tutosed, his ion, above cale ; but as doctor Myersbach has in a forward youth, to receive the vocaries in an many instances, whcrein I have been consult. antichamber; and to propose such ques edy given steel and aloes in the form of tions to them, as should extort the motives pills, after declaring the liver to be affected, of their attendance ; during which time the there is reason to presume the same were father placed himself behind a sergen, lo, as exhibited here also ; ang if so, we may ven. to hear all the conversation. When the son Saare to say, he could not have adminiftered had gained fufficient information, a certain any medicines more likely to aggravate the tap on the screen was agreed upon as a sige pains and other symptoms attending a stone nal to introduce a pacient to the facher, by in the bladder, The doctor added to his the most indirect turnings the house afforded, pills frequent exercise, for a disease wherein into a remote apartments where the father every physician in Europe would have re- had previously retired, to repeat to the pas commended reft ; and from the inflamınation tients, on their entering the room, what the and agonics, which the medicines, or cxer, dialogue in the antichamber had furnished, cile, or both, produced, one may, candidly. By this device the doctor acquired great repuconclude, that a farther pes leverance in the tation ; he could tell, the disease without iba regimen recommended, would have produc help. of urine; and the deception was not ces such an aggravation of misery, as could known, till he retired upon his fortune, and have ended only with the life of this wor- disclosed his own stratagenis.' chy young gentleman. I cannot, even at this CXXVI. American Patriotism confrontech period, refle&t upon the tortures he suffered with Reason, Scripture, and I be Conftitution : without horror; as he frequcotly declared being obfervations on sbe dangerous Politicks wbat a mercy he should think it, were death taugbt by Dr. Price and Mr. Evans. By J. to close his lufferings. But are health and Flercber, Vicar of Medely: 9d. Bucklano.

be trified with? What confci- Mr. Fletcher is a second to Mc. Wiedley in ence. mult that man poffefs,' who, indito his high-church politics, as well as in his criminately exhibits the same medicinc to religious principles, though, they are so wide

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life to

1776.

Review of New Publications.

437 ly different from the articles which they have to be the base remains of two. ancient tyran. bulh subscribed. To this pamphlet, the prof- nics, compounded with some new republica bytcrian Mr. Baxter is our author's chief ora- materials. cl:, whole words he hath retailed plentifully. Einft.-The remains of monarchial tyWe have many pages, but no argument. We canny in the person of the king, fall extract one or the belt leptences in the Secondly.--The remains of aristocratie pamphlet: Alter ablerving that to disregard cal tyranny in the persons of the peers, the king's rigbreous commands is bad, and Thirdly. The new republican materia with wluch be charges the colonists, he adds als in the persons of the commons, on whosc “ but to despise the first table commandments visue depends the freedom of England. of the king of kings, as we do, is still worse. “ Tbe two firft, by being hereditary, arc Nor do I iee how we can answer it, either to independent of the people: wherefore in a reason or our own consciences, to be so intent conftitutional sense they contribute nothing on enforcing British laws, and so remifs in towaads the frcedom of the state. yielding obedience to the laws of God. If “ To say that the conftitution of England ine capital command “ fear God, and honour is a union of three powers reciprocally checkthe king" could be properly parted, should ing each other, is farcical : either the words not cvery Christian, prefer the former part to bave no meaning, or they are flat contradice the latter? Will our honouring the king atone tions, for our dishonouring God? And can we “ To say that the commons is a check expect, that our loyaley Thall make amends upon the king, presupposes two things : for our impiety or luke-warmnels?”

Firs.--Tbat the king is not to be truite This writer, like his principal Mr. Wese ed without being looked after, or in other ley, lays unmercitully on the Americans, in words, that a third for absolute power is the cuntending for liberiy, while they trade in natural disease of monarchy. negross : but he oughi to bave informed his “ Secondly. - That the commons, by being seaders, that years ago the American aflem- appointed for that purpose, are either wiler or blies wanted to put an end to the Dave trade more worthy of confidence than the crown. among them, but their governors refused to « But as the same conftitution which pals cvexy act of that kind as often as, present- gives the commons a power to check the ed.

king by withholding the supplies, gives aftera CXXVII, Common Sense: Addrefed corbe wards the king a power to check the comInbabitants of America. is. 6d, Almon.

mons by empowering him to reject their other This pamphlet was first printed in Phila- bills; it again supposes that the king is wiser delphia, and hath been ascribed by some to than those whom it has already supposed to the pen of Dr. Franklin, and by others to that be,w.f:r than him, A mere absurdity! of Mr. Sam. Adams: but neither of them “ There is something exceedingly ridicu. could make the declaration as doth the au lous in the compofition of monarchy; it first thor “ that he is unconnected with any pare excludes a man from the means of informaty and under no fort of influence public option, yet empowers him to act in cases where private, but the influence of reason and pain the hignejudgement is required. The state ciple.” The produ&tion is the boldet that of a king, shuts him from the world, yet the hath yet appeared during the present unhappy bufiness of a king requires him to know it controverly, and its manifest deßgn is to thoroughly; wherefore the different parts, by promote the absolute independence of the unnaturally oppofing and destroying cach oAmerican colonies. We can only insert the ther, prove the whole chara&er to be absurd author's remarks on the boalted constitution and uieless. of England.

“ Some writers have explained the Englija “ Absolute goyeroments (though the disa constitution thus: the king, say they, is one, grace of human nature) have this advantage the people another; the peers are an houle with them, that they are imple; if the peo- in behalf of the king, the commons in beple suffer, they know ibe head from which half of the people : but this hath all the di. their suffering springs, know likewise the re- ftinctions of an house divided against itself; medy, and are not bewiidered by a variety of and though the expressions be pleasantly arrani. causes and cutes. But the constitution of ged, yet when examined, they appear idle England is so exceedingly complex, that the and ambiguous; and it will always happen, nation may suffes for years together without that the nicest construction that words are being able to discover in which part the fault capable of when applied to the description lies ; some will say in one and some in ano. of something which either cannot exit, or ther, and every political physician will ade is too incomprehensible to be within the com. vise a different medicine.

pass of de!cription, will be words of sound “ I know it is difficult to get over local or only, and though they may amule the car, long standing prejudices, yet if we will suster they cannot inform the mind, for this explaourselves to examine the component parts of nation includes a previous question, viz. the English conftitution, we Mall find them Hocu came obe king ly a power wbicb ibe

people people are afraid to trust, and always obliged our coast, &c. Had ye the honest soul of To cbeck? Such a power could not be the Barclay ye would preach repentance to your gift of a wise people, neither can any power,

king." which needs cbecking, be from God; yet the

CXXVIII. Plain Trutb-or Remarks ok provifion, which the constitution makes, fup- the Pampblet entitled Common Sense. poses such a power to exift.

This is in answer to the foregoing pam“ But the provision is unequal to the task; phlet, and republished and sold with it. The The means either cannot or will not accomplish author is not equal in abilities to his oppothe end, and the whole affair is a felo de fe; Lent, but fully proves that all the Americans for as the greater weight will always carry up are not for independence. the less, and as all the wheels of a machine CXXIX. The Royal Standard English Dicare put in motion by one, it only remains to tionary, to, wbicb is prefixed a comprebenjive know which power in the conftitution has the Grammar of the Englis Language. By #, most weight, for that will govern; and tho' Perry. 35. Wilkie. the others, or a part of them, may clog, or, Instead of illuminating a weak capacity, as the phrase is, check the rapidity of its mo- thc present performance requires a Arong ca. tion, yet so long as they cannot stop it, their pacity to understand the rational divifions of endeavours will be ineffectual; the first mo- syllables, the numerous accents, the vaving power will at last have its way, and sious fignifications, and the multiplied sounds what it wants in Speed, is supplyed by of the vowels and consonants denoted by tytime.

pographical characters, herein contained. " That the crown is this overbearing part CXXX. Observations on Dr. Price's Tbe. in the English conftitution, needs not be ory and Principles of Civil Liberty and Go. mentioned, and that it derives its whole con- vernment, preceded by a Letter to a Friend, on sequence merely from being the giver of pla- tbe Pretensions of the American Colonies, in ces and penfons, is self-evident; wherefore, Respect of Right and Equity. 26. Dodsey. though we have been wise enough to shut The observacions are candid, and well and lock a door against absolute monarchy, meant, but not convincing. 'we at the same time have been foolish enough CXXXI. Mc Fingal : A modern Epic to pot the crown in poffeffion of the key. Poem, or the Town Meeting. 18. Almon.

• The prejudice of Englishmen in favour This poem is of Philadelphian manufac. of their own government by king, lords, and ture, and for humour and poetry hath 'commons, arises as much or more from na- much merit. 'Tis an hudibrastic satys on tional pride than reason. , Individuals are un- the Tories, or the friends of adminiftra. doubledly safer in England than in some other tion in America. It begins countries, but the will of the king is as much “ When Yankies, skill'd in martial rule, the law of the land in Britain as in France, First put the British troops to school; with this difference, that instead of proceed. Instructed them in warlike trade, ing directly from his mouth, it is handed to And new maneuvres of parade; the people under the more formidable fhape The true war-dance of Yanky-reels, of an act of parliament. For the fate of And val'rous exercise of heels; Charles the First hath only made kings more

Made them give up, like saints complete, Subtle not more juft.

The arm of flesh, and trust the feet, “ Wherefore, laying, afide all national And work, like Christians undissembling pride and prejudice in favour of modes and Salvation out, by fear and trembling; forms, the plain truth is, that it is wbolly Taught Percy fashionable raccs, owing to the conftitution of the people, and And modern modes of Chevy.chaces : not to be conftitution of ebe government, that

From Boston, in his best array, the crown is not as oppreffive in England as in Great 'Squire M'Fingal took his way, Turkey."

And, 'grac'd with engigns of renown, Some of the Philadelphian quakers soon Steer'd homewards to his native town." after this pamphlet appeared, published a The following is the author's description testimony against it, and against any of their of the progress of the conteft between Britain people taking arms in the content. To this

and America, ihe author replied in an appendix, and ob- " So Britain, 'midst her airs fo Alighty, serves, “ If the bearing arms be ainful, the Now took a whim to be almighty; first going to war must be more fo, by all the Urg'd on to desp'rate heights of frenzy, difference between wilful attack, and una

Afirm'd her own omnipotency; voidable defence. Wherefore if ye really Would rather ruin all her race, preach from conscience, and mean not to Than 'bate supremacy an ace : make a political hobby-horse of your religion, Afum'd all rigbis divine, as grown convince the world thereof by proclaiming The church's head, like good Pope Joan; your doctrine to our enemies, for they likewise Swore all the world should bow and íkip bear arms. Give us proof of your sincerity To her almighty goodyfip; by publishing it at St. James's, to the admi- Anath’matiz'd each unbeliever, rals and captains who are piratically ravaging And vow'd to live and rule for ever.

Her

439

1776. Review and List of New Publications. Her servants humour'd every whim,

a friend of truth, nor seem fuperfluous to And own'd at once her power supreme, a lover of his country, or to a man that Her follies plear'd in all their stages,

once has felt the consequences of error ! every For fake of legacies and wages;

error is attended with its own natural punishIn Stepben's Chapel then in state too

ment, and especially blunders committed in Set up her golden calf to pray to,

the expensive working of mines, whose puProclaim'd its pow'r and right divine, nishment never fails to be immediate and exAnd calls for worship at its shrine,

tremely sensible. Such errors might be comAnd for poor heretics to burn us,

mitted, and I am apprehensive have been comBade North prepare his fiery furnace : mitted very often, if in hope of metallic veins, Struck bargains with the Romith churches one should venture to fink shafts and to drive Infallibility to purchase;

galleries through the vitreous rocks of volSet wide for Popery the door,

canic mountains. They yield nothing but Made friends with Babel's scarlet whore, clear lofs of money, pains, and time. Be Join'd both the matrons firm in clan ; ing accumulated by ahes, lavas, and Ytrag. No Sifters made a better span.

gling vomited tones, they may now and then No wonder then, ere this was oves,

contain in their melted mafles and cinders That the should make her children suffer.

some marks of metals ; but their very naShe first, without pretence of reason,

ture forbids to hope or to look in them for Claim'd right whate'er we had to seize on; metallic veins, which, by the subterraneous And with determin'd resolution

fermentation, heat, and fire, are destroyed To put her claims in execution,

and melted into one mass, with the unweildy Sent fire and sword, and call'd it lenity,

barren rocks that fkirt them on every fide: Starv'd us, and christen'a it humanity.

There has been, under the late Landgrave Thus spite of pray’rs her schemes pursuing, Charles of Helle, sunk a pit and a gallery She still went on to work our ruin;

through a basalt and lava-rock, under the Annullid our charters of releases,

smaller Winterkasten at the Habichwald. The And tore our title-deeds in pieces;

gallery is still open, and it is called the Then fign'd her warrants of ejection, filver-well (filver-brunn); If these amazing And gallows rail'd to stretch our necks on;

subterraneous works have been undertaken on And on these errands sent in rage,

account of the cascades or the coal-pits, Her bailiff, and her hangman, Gage,

which are on the other side of the hill, they And at his heels, like dogs to bait us, may perhaps be excusable ; but if there Dispatch'd her Polje Comitatûs.

has been any intention to fish for Glver in No state e'er chose a fitter person

the filver-well, as seems to appear by its To carry such a filly farce on:

name, the enormous expence: have certainly As heathen gods in ancient days

been thrown away, and would have been saa Receiv'd at second-hand their praise,

ved by a better acquaintance with the na. Stood imag'd forth in stones and stocks, ture of the whole mountain." And deify'd in barbers blocks; So Gage was chose to represent

PUBLICATIONS THIS MONTH Th'omnipotence of parliament."

Besides those ibat bave been reviewed. CXXXII. An Account of some German AMERICAN AFFAIRS and POLITICAL. Kew Hypor befit of the

primatrical Bafaites; A Province of Quebecnie to which is onde eftablished upon Faets. Being an Ellay on ded, a Propolal for a Reconciliation with the phyfical

Geograpby for Pbilolopbers and Mi. revolted Provinces of North America, withners, Published as supplementary to Sir Wil. out exempting them from the Authority of liam Hamilton's Observations on the Italian the British Parliament, 15. White. Volcanoes. By R. E. Raspe. 35. 64. Davies.

HISTORY. Our author particularly describes the vol- A four Months Tour through France, canoes of Heffe Caffell, which he supposes 2 vols. 5s. DodNey. to be formed by the action of subterraneous MISCELLANEOUS, fire; and he is of opinion that many other The History of Gunnery: with a new mountains are of a volcanic origin. The Method of deriving the Theory of Projecfollowing is his representation of the utility tiles in Vacuo from the Properties of the of the enquiries in which he hath here been Square and Rhombus, by James Glenie, engaged.

A. M. 39. 60. Cadell. “This knowledge improves and corrects our

POETRY. ideas concerning the origin and the natural A congratulatory Poem, on the late Suca viciffitudes of the surface of the earth ; points cesses of the Britith Arms; particularly the out several dangerous errors, and teaches us triumphant Evacuation of Boston.

19. to find at home several sorts of uleful foftils, Baldwin. which either were not noticed at all, or were The Truth of the Christian Religion, even at great expence imported from abroad founded on the celebrated Work of Grotius, objects that certainly cannot be indifferent to by Charles L'Ore, A, M. 6s. Payne.

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