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1578, is drawn from a passage in the prayer, wherein Mr Fox says, that “the queen had doubled the years of her “ sister and brother;" but these very words are also to be found in the prayer published in the edition of the sermon in 1570. Tables of Grammar; London, 1552. Wood tells us that these Tables were subscribed in print by eight lords of the privy council; but that they were soon laid aside, as being as much too short, as K. Henry VIIIth's Grammar was too long. Articuli sive Aphorismi aliquot Joh. Wiclevi. Sparsim aut ex variis illius opusculis excerpti per adversarios papicolas, ac concilio Constantiensi exhibiti. Collectanea quædam ex Reginaldi Pecocki Episcopi Cicestriensis opusculis exustis conservata, & ex antiquo psegmate transcripta. Opistographia ad Oxonienses. These three last are printed with his Coinsnentarii rerum in Ecclesia gestarum, at Strasburg, 1554, in 8vo. Locorum communium Logicalium tituli & Ordinationes 150, ad seriem prædicamentorum decem despripti, &c. Basil, 1557, in 4to. Probationes & resolutiones de re & materia Sacran:enti Eucharistici. This was printed at London about the


1563. De Oliva Evangelica ; concio in Baptismo Judai habita, Londini 1. Apr. cum narratione capitis XI. D. Pauli ad Romanos. London, 1578, translated into English by James Bell. To this Latin sermon is subjoined our Author's comedy, De Christo triumphante, before-mentioned. Concerning man's Election to Salvation, London, 1581, in 8vo. Certain Notes of Election, added to Beza his Treatise of Predestination. London, 1581, in Svo. De Christo gratis justificante, contra Jesuitas. London, 1583, in 8vo. Disputatio contra Jesuitas & eorum argumenta quibus inhærentem justitiam ex Aristotele confirmant. Rupell, 1585, in 8vo. Eicasmi seu meditationes in Apocal. S. Johannis Apostoli Ege Evangelista. London, 1587, fol. Genev. 1596, in 8vo. Papa confutatus : vel sacra & apostolica ecclesia papam confutans. This was translated into English by James Bell, and printed at London, in 4to. Brief Exhortation, fruitful and meet to be read in the Time of GOD's Visitation, where Ministers do lack, or otherwise cannot be present to comfort them. London, in 8vo. He also translated from Latin into Engrish, 1. A Sermon of John Oecolampadius to young Men and Maidens. London, in 12mo. 2. An Instruction of Christian Faith, how to lay hold upon the Promise of GOD, and not to doubt of our Salvation. Or otherwise thus; Necessary Instructions of Faith and Hope for Christians to hold fast, and not to doubt, &c. London, 1579, second edition, in 8vo. writ


ten by Urbanus Regius. He also finished an Answer Apologetical to Hierome Osorius his slanderous invective ; which had been begun in Latin by Walter Haddon, LL. D. London, 1577, and 1581, in 4to, and he published the four Evangelists in the old Saxon Tongue, with the English thereunto adjoined. London, 1571, in 4to. Bale mentions several other writings of his, but Mr Wood says some of them were never printed; we shall therefore proceed to give some account of the principal and greatest of our Author's Works, his Act3 and Monuments of the Church, commonly called, Fox's Book of Martyrs.

“ We have before observed that the Author first applied himself to write this History of the Church, whilst he was at Basil, but he reserved the greatest part of it against his return into his own country, that he might have the authority and testimony of more witnesses. It appears by the Author's own notes, that this most laborious work was eleven years in hand : And in this, as well as in some others of his labours, Mr Fox was greatly assisted by that pious prelate Dr Grindal, afterwards archbishop of Canterbury, who, besides his constant counsel and advice in the course of a work, supplied him with materials, which he digested and methodized himself; for whilst Dr Grindal was abroad, he had established a correspondence in England for this purpose, by which means accounts of most of the acts and sufferings of the persecuted in Q. Mary's reign, came to his hands; and it was owing to Dr Grindals strict and tender regard to truth, that the Martyrology was so long in hand, for he rejected all common reports and relations that were brought over, till more satisfactory evidence could be procured ; and hence he advised Mr Fox at first only to print separately the acts of some particular men, of whom any sure and authentic memoirs came to hand, till materials for a more complete history of the martyrs and their persecutions and sufferings could be procured. In pursuance of this advice, Mr l'ox published at Basil, Diverse Histories of the English Bishops and Divines, in single pieces, soon after their respective sufferings and martyrdoms. He had also published at Strasburg, in 1554, in 8vo. Commentarii rerum in Ecclesia gestarum, maximarumque per totam Europam persecutionem a Wiclevi temporibus ad hanc usque ætatem descript. in one book; to which he added five more books, all printed together at Basil, in 1559, in folio. It was also by the advice of Dr Grindal, that the Martyrology was printed both in Latin and English, for the more gene



ral use, the Author having begun it in Latin. It was published at London, 1563, in one thick volume in folio, with this title, Actes and Monuments of these latter perillous Days touching Matters of the Churche, wherein are comprehended and described the great Persecutions and horrible Troubles that have been wrought and practised by the Romish Prelates speciallye in this Realme of England and Scotland, from the Yeare of our Lorde a. Thousand unto the Time now present, &c. gathered and collected accordyng to the true Copies and wrytinges Certificatorie, as well of the Parties themselves that suffered, as also out of the Bishops Registers, which were the doers thereof. By John Fox. Imprinted at London by John Day, dwelling over Aldersgate beneth St Martin's, Anno 1563, the 20th of March. Cum gratia & privilegio regiæ Majestatis.

“ Mr. Fox presented a copy of this edition to Magdalen College, Oxford, and at the same time wrote a Latin letter to Dr Laurence Humphreys, printed by Mr Thomas Hearne in his Appendix, No. 5. to his Preface to Adami de Domersham Hist, de Rebus Gestis Glastonensibus, Oxon. 1727, in 8vo. 2 vols. There was a fourth edition at London, 1583, in two volumes in folio, and it was reprinted in 1632, in three volumes folio. The ninth edition was printed at London in three volumes in folio, with copper cuts, the former editions having only wooden ones. Mr Wood observes, that the undertakers of this edition had in a manner obtained a promise from K. Charles II. to revive the order made in Q. Elizabeth's time, of placing it in the common halls of archbishops, bishops, deans, archdeacons, heads of colleges, &c. according to the canons of Dr Matthew Parker, archbishop of Canterbury, in 1571. Mr Strype tells us, that, when this book was first published, our Author was thought “ to have done very exquisite service to the Protestant cause, in shewing, from abundance of ancient books, registers, records, and choice manuscripts, the • encroachments of popes, papalins, and the stout oppo• sitions that were made by learned and good men, in all • ages and countries against them; and especially under · K. Henry VIII. and Q. Mary here in England; pre• serving to us the memories of those holy men and wo

men, those bishops and divines, together with their • histories, acts, sufferings, and their constant deaths, • willingly undergone for the sake of Christ and his gos‘pel, and for refusing to comply with popish doctrines * and superstitions. Archbishop Whitgift stiles Mr Fox

that worthy man, and tells Mr Cartwright the Puritan, that, “ he had read over his Acts and Monuments from the one end to the other; and declares that Mr Fox hath very diligently and faithfully laboured in this matter, (of archbishops and metropolitans) and searched out the truth of it as learnedly as I knowe any man to have done.” Camden likewise gives him and his work this character: Ex eruditorum numero obiit Johannes Foxus Oxoniensis, qui Ecclesiasticam Angliæ Historiam sive Martyrologiam indefesso veritatis studio, primum Latime postea Anglice auctius, magna cum laud. contexuit. The Papists were very angry at the publication of this history ; in which their lies and cruelty were so fully exposed ; and accordingly did all they could to blast the credit both of that and its Author."




, Sands, or Sandes, successively bishop the sixteenth century, and ancestor of the present lord Sandys, was the fourth son of William Sandys, Esq. by Margaret his wife, daughter and heir of William Rawlinson, of the county of York, Esq. He was born at Hawkshead, within the liberty of Fournes-fells, or Estwaite, in Lancashire, in the year 1519. His university education was at St John's college in Cambridge; where he took his degree of bachelor of arts in 1539, and that of master in 154 1 ; but was never fellow of that, or any other college. In 1542, he was junior proctor of the university; and, on or about the year 1547, proceeded bachelor in divinity, and was elected master of Catharine-hall. At the time of his father's decease, in 1548, he was vicar of Haversham ; and the year following, on December 12. was presented to a prebend in the cathedral church of Peterborough. The same year, he also commenced doctor in divinity. In 1552, K. Edward VI. granted him a prebend in the church of Carlisle. At the time of that good king's decease, in 1563, Dr Sandys was vice-chancellor


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