« PreviousContinue »
A better proof of our wish to encourage youthful talent, than an insertion of its crude productions would be, is, inserting here our advice to all such juvenile aspirants as Juliana :-upon the subject of translation.—Translation does not consist in a mere version of foreign words into native ones of equal value, but in turning foreign idiom into native idiom so as to preserve the sense. The sentimental, shepherdess style, of French authors in general, is the worst of all bad styles: in translating for exercise from French into English, all such writers should carefully be avoided.
In reply to the demand of “ Thine," inserted in our Lion's Head of December last, we are desired to say that Kant is now in English, and that the translator is desirous to present him with a copy.
The lines beginning
There is a mystic thread of life,
are not too good for Lord Byron, but much beyond X. C., or he would not have stolen them. Matthew Green's maxim— Shun petty larceny in wit,” would be lost upon this desperado; he commits nothing short of “flat burglary." X. C. may be young enough (not yet twenty,") to think he can be-fool us, but he is old enough to play the knave, though, in this instance, without success. I, fausto pede, puer! in the honourable track you hare chosen, and a literary gibbet will no doubt be your portion.
The “ Nugæ Dramaticæ,” “Ride to Ravenswell,"together with the elabo-rate effusions of P. N., R.**, and L-T-, are not destined to attain immortality through the medium of our pages.
RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF THE JESUITS IN NAPLES,
THEIR SUBSEQUENT PROCEEDINGS, &c. &c.
Che voi siate scherniti e vilipesi
Non è stupor.-Salvator Rosa, Sat. iii. When King Ferdinand's turbulent the church, and supported by a royal subjects had been reduced to proper pension and the donations and counorder by a foreign force, that monarch, tenance of certain devotees; they proin his return towards his states in ceeded forth with to their task with a 1821, had business of an important great show of industry and energy, nature to settle at the Vatican; fa- In a few days the confessionals of vours were given and received; there their church were announced as being was an harmonious reciprocation be accessible to the penitent sinner at tween the prince spiritual and the any hour of the day whatever ; an prince temporal; the pope absolved additional number of daily masses the king from the oath the Carbonari was instituted ; preaching and vesper, had extorted from him, and the king, services, besides many others, negamong other returns, consented to re- lected by the torpidity and carelessceive the “Society of Jesus” into his ness of the other religious orders and states and favour, and was brought of the regular priests, were underto acknowledge, that the falls of taken with true jesuitical zeal and inthrones, and the abridgments and defatigability; and a set of religious convulsions royal authority has been pamphlets, adapted to the meridian subjected to in late years, all ema- of vulgar minds, were printed and nated from that most impolitic and distributed, at the same time that a unjust proceeding, the suppression of spirited Italian translation of the cethe Jesuits. The king was soon fol- lebrated apology of their order, given lowed to his capital by about twenty in by the French Jesuits at their supmembers of this once redoubted so- pression, was published for the ediciety, who, after an absence of many fication of the more intellectual, for years, once more took possession of the conviction of modern sceptics, their splendid church del Gesù : the and for establishing unanswerable spacious monasteries or rather palaces evidence of the justice of their cause. that belonged to their community The harvest of their labours was soon were, however, turned into Austrian seen; other churches were deserted barracks or manufactories; these they and theirs crowded from morning till could not have again, and indeed the night: in passing by, we have fresmallness of their number would have quently seen the devout issuing in told a melancholy tale in those once- streams like those which the chapels thronged abodes of their wealth and of some of our more gifted methodist influence. They were indifferently preachers emit; and we have seldom accommodated in a convent adjoining entered in times between service withMARCH, 1824.
out seeing all their confessionals oc- decorum and solemnity Neapolitan cupied by kneeling penitents, and processions had long been strangers their altars besieged by weeping sup- to. We saw them enter the street of pliants. One of the most powerful Toledo, which was occupied by an engines in the complicated machine of undulating mass of plebeians, while their power, was their monopoly of the balconies and roof tops of the a great part of the education of youth; houses were crowded with people of this had formerly awakened apprehen- all classes; the relics, protected by sion, and was one of the strongest of the Neapolitan Royal Guards, and the motives alleged for their suppres- accompanied by the devout murmurs, sion; but now things were changed, or the enthusiastic exclamations of and the society was encouraged to the mob, moved on with sedate pomp ; attempt the regaining of that ascen- the sneer of the caviller, the disgust dancy-they opened a school, which, of the liberal, were of course suplike their church, was presently pressed or whispered, and every thing thronged.
seemed to smile, like the setting sun Thus far, every thing went on in of that fine summer evening, on the a cool, didactic way,
d'eclat glory of the Jesuits. But alas ! the was judged expedient, and was given whole length of Toledo was yet bea without delay. The body of a cer- fore them, and we all know how tain Francesco di Girolamo, a Sacer, much may happen during a slow walk dote professo of their order, who died of half a mile: on a sudden the panicat Naples somewhat more than a hun- spreading "fuyi, fuyi,” (fly, fly) was dred years ago in the odour of sanctity, heard; how it originated, whether and who has since, after a due trial from the nefarious designs of a set of in the saint making court at Rome pickpockets, or from the malice of the (council being heard for and against) Carbonari (it was said in both ways), received the honour of beatification, or from what other cause, we know was brought back to Naples, whence not, but in a minute the word of terror his brethren had carried him, at their was vociferated by the voices of thouexpulsion, as part of their moveable sands, and an alarming rush ensued.t property, and reinstated, with full The Austrians who were placed at authority to continue his miracles in regular distances to preserve order, the church del Gesù. In a few days a fearing that a revolt had broken out, splendid ceremony was announced, put themselves in a position of deand a collection set on foot to defray fence; bayonets were lowered, and its expenses; as the king gave libe- the clatter of arms and the unintellis rally, the ministers did the same, and gible words of command were heard all their impiegati and dependants, by the Neapolitans, who imagining who had any respect for their cha- that they were all going to be masracters, contributed their mite-the sacred, set up the most hideous yells Jesuits pocketed a total of 26,000 and rushed more violently than ever, ducats. On the day fixed the city The weak were thrown down and was in unusual bustle; the peasantry trampled under foot, and a certain poured in on all sides, and their num- number of the curious who had eleber may be imagined to have been vated themselves on stools and chairs great, when, as it was ascertained, were swept from their pedestals, and more than 30,000 entered on one side, carried down the stream: the children, that is, by the Strada Foria. About and the priests in the procession, five in the evening the ceremony was still more cowardly than they, were arranged, and the relics were carried with difficulty kept from running. in procession from the church, with a. away; the troop wavered about the
All parties, however, are not satisfied of the legality of his beatification, as the evidences of popular tradition, of the concurrence of magistrates to strengthen tradition, of a decision of the clergy of the country, were not fully given in on trial, and are all prescribed by the canons of holy church.
† Neapolitan crowds are generally dispersed in this manner with the cries of fly! Ay! without any apparent cause of alarm-these people seldom want a second intimation to run away, and the fright, the hurry, the confusion which ensue, are very amusing, when one does not happen to be in the streets among them, for then, as we know by mournful experience, it is far from being agreeable.
street, the relics, the cross were hurled a devout mother was carried to touch on this side and that, and were more the case in which it was enclosed, than once near being relinquished al- and immediately on the contact the together by the hirelings that bore child was perfectly cured of all its them; the Jesuits were bawling and infirmities. Of this fact an instrubeating their breasts-in short, all ment, consolidated by oaths, was decorum, all the spettacoloso, all the drawn up the day after by a public maestoso of the procession were anni. notary, and put in circulation forthhilated. At length the multitude had with. partly disembogued through the nu- Shortly after the society published merous streets and lanes that diverge a compendium of the life of the said from the Strada Toledo, and the re- Beato Francesco di Girolamo, with mainder had the satisfaction of disco- an appendix, containing two of his vering it was a false alarm! By slow miracles, approved by the Holy See, degrees the flustered spirits were in the process of his beatification at calmed, the procession formed again Rome, and a Novena, or vigil, to be in tolerable order, music of instru- held in his honour. The darkest ages ments and voices again resounded, of superstition have spawned few doand the whole began to pass on deco- cuments more insulting to the Divi. rously and solemnly as before. But nity, and to the greatest of his gifts the half of Toledo was not passed the human intellect-few more danwhen the magic words “fuyi, fuyi,” gerous in their tendency, more dewere again bellowed out, and the grading, more monstrous than this same scene of panic and confusion abortion of the nineteenth century. followed: this finished as the former, It begins by relating that he was born hut not quite so soon. The procession at Grottaglie, a village near the anthen continued with fear and trem- cient Tarentum, in 1642, that he bling, and with hastened steps: no gave evidences of sanctity as soon as other interruption occurred, but we he was born, and that he enlisted into believe the reverend fathers, and all the service of the church as soon as personally interested in the business, he was ten years old. He studied in were exceedingly happy when the the Jesuit College at Taranto, where Beato Francesco di Girolamo was he was promoted to holy orders : he again deposited in his coffin in the then came to Naples, and entered as church. The mortification of the bre- prefet in the Jesuit College de 'Nobili; thren and their party at this vistosise in that establishment he continued his sima mala riuscita may be conceived; studies, obeyed the scriptural injuncthe police of the city took sides with tions of obedience to the very letter, them, and that night and the follow- obtained the title of Sacerdote Santo, ing day a vast number of poor devils, and went with honour through the who were supposed to look like pické difficult ordeal to which the society pockets or malcontents, were thrown subjects those who aspire to be it's into prison, and three very respect- members. In 1670 he was admitted able men were arrested for having as a novice, and the following year he laughed (for which we think there was sent as a missionary into the prowas great excuse) at the extraordi- vince of Otranto, where he laboured nary scene, as they witnessed it from apostolically for more than three their balconies. The anti-jesuit and years; he then returned to the head anti-miracle party, which amounted house in the capital, finished his to all the people of sense in the ca- course of theology, and made propital, enjoyed this chute d'orgueil, and fession of the four vows.* Francesco among the warmer of them, several was desirous of being sent missionary pasquinades were written and circu. to India, and for a while it was reportlated. The Jesuits, however, were ed he was destined for Japan, but consoled in their afflictions by an op- Providence, that intended him for the portune miracle; as the body of the good of his native country, induced Beato was being carried into the the superiors to appoint him missionchurch, a ricketý child in the arms of ary of the city of Naples. One of
* These vows are of poverty, chastity, obedience, and renunciation of honours.What strange proofs does the history of the Order furnish us, of the observance of the first and the last of these vows !
his first labours was to instruct a would give her absolution, and that she thousand youth eight days previous might be admitted to the communion-he to their first communion ; this he per- left her in suspense, and went to say mass. formed with great unction, and on the When he returned to her he said, "Well ! ninth day, the youths being dressed
so you have not disclosed that sin ;” and as angels, he conducted them with the he named the sin, and it was true she had music of sacred songs to the cathe- been guilty of it; and the woman replied, dral, to eat the angelic bread. His it through forgetfulness.” She was ab
Yes, it is even so, but I failed to mention great duty was to preach on holidays
solved, and she approached the holy altar; in the public places of the city ; in and God then favoured her by sending her his discharge of this duty he was su- a cancer in the face, and so purified her perhumanly fervent, and his preach- from the faults she had committed through ing offered an uninterrupted course the incentives of her meretricious beauty. of eloquence and holiness on his part, In one of the streets where he was acand of conversion and miracles on customed to preach to bad women, there that of his auditors. All the instances was one so lost in sin, that she not only of divine interposition that are cited hindered his being heard, but mocked him are very characteristic.
and laughed at him: one day, surprised by reasonable beings think of the fol- divine justice, she died suddenly. That
same day Padre Francesco, passing by, lowing?
followed by a great multitude of people, A certain monk of another order, who he was answered that the unhappy wretch
asked what had become of Caterina, and in discharge of his office also preached in had died of an apoplectic stroke. Immethe public places, conceived a great jealousy diately he ascends the stairs, the crowd folagainst Francesco di Girolamo, who al. ways commanded greater audiences than
lowing him; and seeing her extended on he; one day this monk found some Jesuit her bed, he lifts his voice in periously, and students, headed by Francesco, preaching « Caterina, where art thou ?" The de
and twice, interrogates her, saying, at a spot that, from long occupation, he con. sidered exclusively his own; enraged at funct, however, answering nothing, with this intrusion, he first obliged the young third time, “ Caterina, tell me where art
still greater faith he interrogates her the men to silence, and then commanded Padre thou ?" Then the miserable creature, Francesco to follow their example; this
the drawing a deep sigh from her bosom, with Jesuit immediately did, and moreover pros. trated himself before the envious monk to
a hoarse and horrid voice answered, “I kiss his feet. His rival, with furious ges
am in hell !" ture, threw him from him, and, accusing him of hypocrisy, turned his back on him
On the 11th of May, 1716, Father spitefully. The ensuing night divine ven
Francesco di Girolamo, in the 74th geance fell upon the monk, he was struck year of his natural, and the 46th of with apoplexy : knowing from what hand his Jesuit existence, seceded from his the blow came, he sent to supplicate that mortal labours in an excess of spiPadre Francesco would repair to him. The ritual enthusiasm. One of the breBeatified went instantly, and consoled the thren who had attended him in his monk by the grief he showed for his late illness, wished, from motives of detransgression.
votion, to cut off in secret a corn that A beautiful and celebrated courtesan, the deceased had under one of his on hearing Padre Francesco, who was feet; but in making the incision the preaching beneath her window, recommend blood gushed out alive, and in such charity for a poor convert, threw him a piece of silver; the Father, invested with quantity that, besides drenching secelestial light, looked at her and exclaimed, yeral cloths, it filled a good sized “ Sister, this charity will soon be of use
bottle, in which for several months it to you.” At these words alone, the ob- remained liquid and of a ruby colour. scene woman, touched with the spirit of This circumstance had a powerful efrepentance, resolved to change her way of fect on the Beatification Court at life. She repaired to church, to the feet Rome, and no doubt the blood and of Padre Francesco, and begged him to blood-stained towels were valuable receive her confession. “Oh, not so,” said and productive property to the Jesuits. he, “ I require a surer pledge of your con
The body was carried into the comversion; go into the conservatory of the Penitents; when you are entered there I
mon sacristy, and his death was ruwill confess and absolve you.” The wo
moured through the city; such mulman did as she was bid. But when she titudes rushed to the church and to thought herself duly disposed, and had the vestibule of the sacristy, that it confessed, and was expecting the Father was necessary to close the doors and