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Thy guilty wrong, or els thee guilty, yield.”.
The Sarazin, this hearing, rose amain,
And, catching up in haft his three-square

. And shining helmet, foone him buckled to the


.:!! il!!XLII ., And, drawing nigh him, said ; “ Ahl milborn 1. Elfe, wish; e out

In evill houre thy foes thee hither fent : Anothers wrongs to wreak upon thy selfe : - Yet ill thou blamest me, for having blent: My name with guile and traiterous intent: That Redcrosse Knight, perdie, I never flew; But had he beene, where earft his armes were

lent, it is nii ; '. Th’ Enchaunter vaine his errour should not

rew: But thou his errour shalt, I hope, now proven ,! .' trew." ;

XLI. 8.

i n his three-fquare Shield] The triangular shield is faid to be of very high antiquity, and to have been introduced into this country. See Holmes's Academy of Armory, 1680. p. 6.; more especially the paragraphs numwered V. and VI. and the corresponding engravings. This shield was most commonly used by horsemen. TODD.

XLII.7. But had he beene, where earft-his-armes were lent,] But had he been in the place of Archimago, (see C. iii. ft. 37, 38,) He, and not the Enchavnter, should have rued for it. *;


his errour] His own errour. In the next line, his also means the Enchanter's. · CHURCH.

Therewith they gan, both furious and fell,

To thunder blowes, and fierly to affaile
Each other, bent his enimy to quell;
That with their force they perst both plate

and maile, And made wide furrowes in their fleshes fraile, ... That it would pitty any living eie:

Large floods of blood adowne their fides did

iraile; .. . tr.

But floods of blood could not them fatisfie: Both hongred after death ; both chose to win, or die.

.. XLIV. So long they fight, and full revenge pursue,

That, fainting, each themselves to breathen

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XLIII. 6. That it would pitty &c.] The construction is, That any living eye would pity it. CHURCH.'' XLIII. 7.

did raide ;] Flow. So again, F. Q. ii. viii. 37, iii. xi. 46, iv. ii. 18. And “ rayling tears,” gushing forth, F. Q. iii. iv. 57. Chaucer uses this word, Lament. Mary M. ver. 181. edit. Urr.

“ The purple blode eke fro the hartis vain

Doune railid right fast —" - And G. Douglas, Virg. p. 390. ver. 43. " Qubil al the blude heboundantly furth ralis."

Uprox. XLIV. 1.

- and full revenge) So. Mr. Upton reads, with the first edition. Mr. Church follows the second and every other subsequent edition, “ fell revenge." But the original reading is perhaps to be preferred. The combatants sfight long, and battell oft renue, determining to have full, complete, revenge. TODD.

And, ofte refreshed, battell oft renue.
As when two bores, with rancling malice
.. mett; iii,
Their gory sides fresh bleeding fiercely frett;
Til breathleffe both themselves aside retire,
Where, foming wrath, their cruell tuskes they


And trample th' earth, the whiles they may

refpire;' Then backe to fight againe, new breathed and entire.

..XLV. So fierlly, when these Knights had breathed

once, They gan to fight retourne; increasing more Their puissant force, and cruell rage attonce, With heaped strokes more hugely then before; That with their drery wounds, and bloody ' gore, . They both deformed, scarsely could bee

known. By this, fad Una fraught with anguish fore,

XLIV. 4. As when two bores,] This fame comparison the poet has introduced in F. Q. iv, iv. 29. But he seems to have

borrowed it from Chaucer, where he defcribes the combat : between Palamon and Arcite, Kn. Tale, 1160.

“ As wild bores gan they to fight and smite, .. on “ That frothen white as fome for ire wode;

66 Up to the ancle fought they in ther blode." See also Euripides, Phænis. v. 1402, and Statius, Theb. xi. 530.


Led with their noife' which through the aire

was thrown,
Arriv’d, wher they in erth their fruitles blood
i had fown.

. . XLVI.
Whom all fo foone as that proud Sarazin ,

Espide, he gan revive the memory,
Of his leud lufts, and late attempted fin;
And lefte the doubtfull battel haftily,
To catch her, newly offred to his eje; ..
But Satyrane, with strokes him turning, staid,
And fternely bad him other business plie

Then hunt the steps of pure unspotted Maid:
Wherewith he al enrag’d these bitter fpeaches
faid; :

“ O foolish Faeries fonne, what fury mad

Hath thee incenft to haft thy dolefull fate?
Were it not better I that Lady had .
Then that thou hadît repented it too late?
Moft fenceleffe man he, that himselfe doth

hate .
To love another: Lọ then, for thine ayd,
Here take thy lovers token on thy pate;" :

• XLVII. 7. Here take thy lovers token on thy pate.] It was
usual for knights of romance to wear, on their helmets or
Neeves, presents or tokens of their mistresses' favours. The
Sarazin says sarcastically he would give Sir Satyrane his lovers
token to wear till his dying day. UPTON.
- Compare Abdiel's reply to Satan, Par. Loft, B. vi. 186.
“ 'This greeting on thy impious creft receive." TODD.

So they to fight; the whiles the royall Mayd Fledd farre away, of that proud Paynim fore afrayd.

XLVIII. But that false Pilgrim, which that leasing told,

Being in deed old Archimage, did stay

In secret shadow all this to behold; ; • And much reioyced in their bloody fray:. . But, when he saw the Damsell pafle away,

He left bis stond, and her pursewd apace, : In hope to bring her to her last decay.

XLVII. 8. So they to fight ;] Mr. Church, here deviating from his usual accuracy, reads “ So they two fight;" and makes no mention of any variation in other editions. But the first edition reads, “ So they to fight;" which, as Mr. Upton observes, is brought down to the lowest prose in the subsequent editions, “ So they two fight.” I must exempt Tonson's edition of 1758, however, from mistake; as it rightly follows the first edition, with Mr. Upton. The remark of Mr. Upton also is just that to, in compofition with verbs, is augmentative. He cites indeed the fame expression as in Spenser from Lydgate's Wars of Troy, B. i. C. ii.

" Fyrfte he must of very force and myght

“ Unto oultrance with these bulles to-fight." Mr. Tyrwhitt, in bis Glossary to Chaucer, has illustrated the force of words, thus augmented, in a variety of instances. Thus, “ The helmes they to-hewen and to-rede," i. e. hewe and cut to pieces. « To-dashed,i. e. much bruised. “ To. fwinke,” labour greatly, &c. TODD. XLVIII. 1.

- that leasing] Lying. Used, as Mr. Upton observes, in the translation of Psal. iv. 2. “ How long will ye blaspheme mine honour, and have such pleasure in vanity, and seek after leasing ?" And thus, in Pierce the Ploughmuns Crede, edit. 1553. fign. B. iii. b.

" he casteth the lawes
“ Nought lowly but lordly, and lefynges lyeth.”


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