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A short sketch of the cruelties inflicted on the Irish pri

soners in this war; and also on those even under protection. MR.

R. Lesley, after having shewn, that the foregoing charge of breach of articles made by Dr. King against king James's officers, was groundless and wicked; has, by way of contrast, produced several notorious and uncontroverted instances of the perfidy and cruelty of king William's officers, towards their Irish prisoners, in the course of this war. Out of these instances, I shall select the few following ; and with them conclude this tedious and melancholy narrative of the state of the Irish at different periods, for the space of more than one hundred and fifty years.

“ When' Drogheda surrendered to king William, after the defeat at the Boyne, the sick and wounded soldiers were, by the capitulations, to be taken care of, and to be sent with passes to their own army, as they recovered. But they were not only neglected, and might have starved but for the charity of some of their own poor countrymen, who fold their beds and cloaths to relieve them, but they were also kept as prisoners after they recovered, contrary to their articles.”

“ Upon the surrender of Cork, the Irish army, though prisoners of war, were by the conditions to be well used. Notwithstanding which, even those proteftants who were most zealous for king William, owned, that the Irish General ' narrowly escaped being murdered

by · Answ. to King.

2 Id. ib. citizens of Dublin of the right to choose their own magistrates. Macphers. Hift. Gr. Brit. vol. ii. p. 28, 9,

a General M‘Carthy, of whom when colonel, Lord Clarendon, lord lieutenant of Ireland, reported to the English miniftry, “ that he was a man of quality, and a foldier; and that


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by the inhabitants; that he had no justice done him, nor any satisfaction, upon his complaint to the English General; and that the garrison, after laying down their arms, were stripped ; and marched to a marshy wet ground, where they were kept with guards four or five days; and not being sustained, were forced by hunger to eat dead horses, that lay about them; and several of them died, for want even of that, when they were removed from thence. That they were after, wards so crouded in houses, jails, and churches, that they could not all lie down at once, and had nothing but the bare floor to lie upon; where the want of sustenance, and the lying in their own excrements, with dead carcasses lying whole weeks in the same placę with them, caused such infection that they died in great numbers daily. The Roman catholics of Cork, though promised fafety and protection, had, on this surrender, their goods seized, and themselves stripped and turned out of the town soon after."

“ In December 1690, one Captain Lauder, of Colonel Hale's regiment, being ordered with a lieute. nant, ensign and fifty men, to guard about two hundred of the Cork prisoners to Clonmell, as they fainted on the road with the above faid bad usage, shot them to the number of fixteen, between Cork and Clon. mell; and upon Major Dorington's having demanded justice against this officer from General Ginckle, Lauder got a pardon for the murder, and was continued in his post.

“ King William's army, after being entire masters of Athlone, killed in cold blood an hundred men in


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he behaved himself extremely well, wherever he was quartered, with great easiness and moderation.” State Let. vol. i. p. 45.

His excellency soon after recommended him to the king to be made a major general. Ib. p. 47

“ Douglas, in his expedition to Athlone, marched as through an enemy's country, his men plundering, and even murdering, with impunity, in defiance of the royal proclama:


the castle, and little qut-work on the river. And at Aughrim above two thousand, who threw down their arms and asked quarter; and several who had quarter given them, were afterwards killed in cold blood;? in



tion, or the formal orders of their general. As he advanced, the Irish peasantry appeared, fuccellively, in considerable bodies, 'to claim the benefit of king William's declaration ; and were successively ensnared-by afsurance of protection, and exposed to all the violences of the foldiers. Lel. Hift. of Irel. vol. iii. p. 576.

Douglas, in the mean time, pursued his destructive route to Athlone ; his men plundered the country; they murdered many unfortunate wretches, who relied on the king's declaration; the peasantry came in numerous bodies to claim protection; but they were exposed to all the infolence, cruelty, and tyranny of a licentious army. Detested, abhorred and feared, Douglas sat down with his cruel followers before Athlone, he carried on his works with vigour ; but he was soon forced to abandon the siege. The unfortunate persons who had declared for William upon his approach, found themselves obliged to attend him in his retreat), to avoid the fury of their former friends, but they were robbed and plundered by those from whom they expected protection. Nothing but misery, distress, and even death were seen; the harvest was trodden down by the troops, the wretched cabins of the unfortunate peasantry were consumed with fire, and the cattle driven as booty away." Macpherson's Hist. vol. i. p. 595.

On king William's retreat, after his first attempt upon Limerick, “ the protestants attended him to avoid the refentment of the Irish; but they found enemies in their supposed friends; they were plundered of their effects and cattle ; the army ranged at large after booty; they knew no discipline ; they owned no authority. The king either winked at their irregularities, or he yielded to a stream which he could not oppose ; his declaration was infringed; his protections disregarded ; his route covered with devastations, and all the other miseries of war. Excesses of a favage barbarity, but upon questionable authority (Lel. vol. iii.), have been ascribed to the king himfelf, on his retreat from Limerick. Disappointment might have raised his refentment; the outrages committed by his troops stain the annals of the times.". Macpherson's Hift. of Gr. Brit. vol. i. p. 596-7.

<< In the battle of Aughrim, and in a bloody pursuit of three hours (stopped only by the night's coming on), seven thoufand of the Irish army were flain. The unrelenting fury

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which number were the Lord Galway and Colonel Charles Moore. The Major of Colonel Epingham's dra. goons owned to Major General Dorington, that Lord Galway was killed after quarter,

and when the battle was More vouchers,” adds Mr. Lesley, “

might be produced if needful.”

“ In short, many hundreds of the poor Irish prisoners were sent at a times into Lambay, a waste deserted island in the sea near Dublin; where their allowance for four days might, without excess, be eaten at a

and being thus out of the reach of their friends, (all persons o being prohibited to pass into it with boat, or other vessel, under the penalty of forfeiting the same) they died there miserably, and in heaps:

Thus publicly were thefe, and many other facts, attested by Mr. Lesley, in his answer to Dr. King's State of the Protestants of Ireland under king James, in refutation of the numerous falsehoods contained in that book. The truth of which answer is still further confirmed, by the doctor's conscious silence, under



s Answ. to King. Harris's king William, fol. 318.

6 Id. ib. p. 164

of the victors, appeared in the number of their prisoners, which amounted only to four hundred and fifty.” Lel. Hift. of Irel. vol. iii. p.

606. “ Ginckle gained reputation by the defeat of the Irish at Aughrim ; but his army lost every claim to humanity, by giving no quarter.” Macphers. ib. p. 621.

d'For “ Archbishop Tillotson recommmended this book (to king William to justify the revolution), as the most serviceable treatise that could have been published at such a juncture." Swift's Letter concerning the Sacramental Test.

• Though Mr. Lesley, in his answer, fervently prayed, " that God might give Dr. King grace, before he died, to repent sincerely, and confess honestly, all the errors, wilful or malicious representations in this book of his.” P. 173.

One can't help smiling to find an assertion in Dr. King's hfe, lately prefixed to Dean Swift's letters to his grace, that, notwithstanding this long filence both of his lordship and friends, “ his Grace had by him at his death attested vouchers of every particular fact alleged in his State of the Protestants of Ireland, such heavy accusations, for more than thirty years that he survived the publication of it; being most of that time, in the exalted stations of Bishop of Derry, and Archbishop of Dublin; to which successive dignities, he was thought to have been raised, chiefly on account of the great merit and service of that performance.

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Surrender of Limerick, with the Articles of capitulation.


On the 3d of O&ober, 1691, was furrendered to General Ginckle, and the lords justices of Ireland, upon the articles of capitulation here following, freely and solemnly entered into, the city of Limerick,a together with all the other garrisons then held by the catholics of that kingdom, for king James. These articles were afterwards ratified, and exemplified, by their majesties king William and queen Mary, under the great seal of England; and in the year 1695, confirmed by an act of the Irish parliament. By the first of these articles, it was stipulated and agreed,

« that the Roman catholics of Ireland shall enjoy such privileges, in the exercise of their religion, as they did enjoy in the reign of king Charles the Second. And that their majesties, as soon as their affairs will permit them to fummon a


which are now in the hands of his relations." Swift's Works, vol. viii. If this be not a ridiculous boast of his biographer, as most probably it is, these relations of his grace are now again thus publicly called upon to produce those attested vouchers.

a « The particulars of the second siege of Limerick (says Macpherson) are neither important nor distinctly known. Six weeks were spent before the place, without any decisive effect. The garrison was well supplied with provisions. They were provided with all means of defence. The season was now far advanced. The rains had set in. The winter itself was

Ginckle had received orders to finish the war upon any terms. The English general offered conditions, which the Irish, had they even been victors, could scarce refuse with prudence." Macpher. Hift. Gr. Brit. vol. i.


p. 620.


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