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tain ecclesiastical affairs in Id., Enagh- conference with Pope Anicetus, 198,
dun diocese, &c., 1178-'81.

Philip of Worcester founds a Benedic- Polygamy, prevalent among the lower

tine priory at Kilcumin, Co. Tippe- Irish, A.D. 1614, 906.
rary, 575.

Polydore Virgil, qd., 1105.
Phoenix plume, a, sent by the pope of Pontificale Romanum, the, used in Irish
Rome to H. O'Neill, 827.

Consecrations, from its introduction to
Picts, their conversion by S. Columb- A.D. 1553, 730.

kille, 79; their wars with the people “Pope," a title not exclusively belong-
of Britain, 116, 117; their observance ing to the bp. of Rome, 159, account
of the Irish Easter, in opposition to of the office attributed to the Roman
Rome's decrees, 183; they conform to pontiffs by their followers, A.D. 1106,

the latter, 185.
Piers, an English officer, assassinates 8. Popes, the, of Rome, their coalition with
O'Neill, 771.

England against the Irish, on various
Piracy of the ancient Irish, some notes

occasions before the Refn., 487 seqq.,
on, 1440.

555, 602, '4, 624, 633, 647, '8 n., 661,
Piran, St., of Cornwall, supposed identi- 1426, &c.; their power not unchecked
cal with Kieran of Saigir, 69.

in old times by Romish authorities,
Pius. See Pope.

674, 861, &c.; their assertion of a
Plantation of Ulster, 867 ; some of its re- claim to a deposing power, 708, 830, ');
sults noticed, 868 seqq.

see Deposing Power, Oaths, &c. ; P.
Platina, his silence relative to S. Pa- Walsh's account of their claims, to be

trick's mission by P. Celestine, 29. monarchs of the entire world, &c.,
Plowden's Ireland qd., 844.

1402 ; their extensive control over
Plunket, A., mentioned as a titr. abp. of episcopal appointments in Id., cir.
Dublin, 1255.

A.D. 1367, 1139—'45. (See also 1108
Plunket, Oliver, seventh titular primate -'12, and 1321, '2.

of id., his life, 1242 ; specification of Popes, individual, prooceedings of, con-
the charges of treason brought against nected with Ireland, &c:
him, 1243; his trial, condemnation, Adrian IV., origin of his claim to Id.,
dying address, &c., 1244 ; his Jus Pri. 427 ; his advancement to the papacy,
matiale, ib.

486; his Bull to Henry II. for the in-
Poland, why few bpks. in, 984.

vasion of Jd., 488 ; the motive for
Pole, Cardinal, his acknowledgment of granting it, 489, 490; his intimacy

P. Adrian's motive in bestowing Id. on with John of Salisbury, and death, ib.,
Henry II., 489.

491 ; sanction of his Bull in Id., 526,
Pollock, M., Esq., 964.

527 ; whether it remained a secret for
Political agitation employed against the 20 years, 542 ; Dr. Lanigan's censure

Refn. in Id., 875, 1344; the new race of the concoctor of it, and his accom-
of priests, A.D. 1614, cautioned against plices, 544 n., 595 n.; Adrian's at.
meddling with, privately, 895 ; such tempt on Id. older than D. Mac Mo.
cares devolving more satisfactorily on rogh's treason, 552; the Irish com-
their superiors, 896, 1349.

plain of his mischievous interference,
Polycarp, St., quoted by the Irish as an in their appeal to P. John XXII., 634,

authority for their Easter, 182; his '5, 642, 1121, '3; copy of his bull to

Henry, 1045—7; which seems to have Clement V. orders all monks to enter
been elicited partly by the private holy orders, 231 ; grants to Abp. Lech
spitefulness of a covetous cardinal, a bull for the foundation of a univer-

sity in Dublin, 629; makes over to the
Agatho, sends John, precentor of St. king of Engd. the papal Tenths of

Peter's, Rome, into England, 209; that island for seven years, 1151.
Agatho, Sergius, and Benedict, resisted Clement VIII. sends H. O'Neill **
by the Anglo-Saxons, 222.

phenix plume," &c., in support of his
Alexander III. receives from Henry II. rebellion, 827; letter to him from

intelligence of the submission of the O'Neill, the Sugan Desmond, &c.,
Irish, 508, 510 n. ; the kingdom over 836, 1282-'5; his encouraging bull to
whose island he confirms to him, 525, them, 837, 1286–8; his second do.,
"7; his Brief omitted by Giraldus, but encouraging them to “ fight manfully
preserved by J. Ross of Warwick, 530 for the inheritance of their fathers,
n.; his curious letters on the state of 839, 1289 ; titular primate Lombard's
Ireland, 532 seqq. ; his suggestion to connection with him, 908, 909 n., 1238.
Henry II. to be careful to introduce See also 1296, 1317, 1373.
papal jurisdiction into Id., 538, '9; for Clement IX. appoints Oliver Plunket
the further advancement of which he titr. primate of Id., 1242.
commissions Cardinal Vivian to be his Damasus, letter of St. Jerome to, qd. by
legate there, 601; who takes pains to 8. Cummian, 158, 168.
explain to the Irish that it was by his Eleutherius, his intercourse with King
authority Henry acted, 602 ; licenses Lucius, 112.
and confirms the appointment of John, Eugenius III.. his elevation to the pa-
earl of Morton, as king of Id., 604 ; pacy, A.D. 1145, and visit to France.
his letter confirming the bull of Adri. A.D. 1148, noticed, 478 ; Primate Mala-
an, 1053, '4; his extraordinary epistle chy's mission to apply to him for palls
to the bps. of Id., 1085-'7; do. to for Id., ib., 479 ; he sends over the
King Henry II., 1087—'90; do. to the palls by Card. Paparo, 482, 993, &c.
Irish chieftains, 1090–91; do. to See also 616.

Rodk. O'Conor, king of Id, 1091, '2. Gregory I. sends the monk Augustine
Anicetus, his conference with s. Poly- as a missionary to the Saxons, 128;
carp, 198, 258.

makes York an episcopal see, 132, 177;
Boniface IV., St. Columbanus's letter his writings qd. by S. Cummian, 159;

to, on the 'Three Chapters, 271, 300, letter of 8. Columbanus to, on the
304 seqq. ; the letter itself in full, 940. Paschal controversy, 257, 288; his
Boniface VIII. makes a vain attempt to censure of the profligacy and simony
secure possession of the ecclesiastical of the French clergy, 276; his work
Tenths of England, 1149.

on the Pastoral Office, praised by S.
Celestine, his mission of Palladius to Id., Columbanus, 292; his correspondence

2; whether he sent St. Patrick also, with certain bishops on the subject

of the Three Chapters, 932–937 ;
Clement III. authorizes the canoniza- his intercourse with s. Kentegern,

tion of St. Malachy, 481; makes an 1009.
English bp. his legate for Id., 1050, Gregory VII., or Hildebrand, his ambi-

tious letter, containing the first claim

to papal supremacy in Id., 427, 580, Dublin university, 629; the Appeal of

the Irish to him on the wrongs of
Gregory IX. claims the 20th part of the the English under P. Adran Ivi's
land in Id., 679, 1168.

patronage, 573 n., 634 seqq. ; which
Gregory X. obtains a grant of the ec- is set forth in full at 1119 seqq. ;

clesiastical Tenths for six years, 1147. his answer, addressed to King Edward
Gregory XIII. despatches a gang of II., 641, 840; the same in full, 1135

robbers to Id. in aid of the Geraldine seqq. ; Mr. Moore's notes on the sub
rebn., 789 ; (see 788 n. ;) his patro ject, 1426.
age of Stukely, and Buil to Fitzmau- Leo. I. punned on by S. Columbanus,
rice, 791, 1262-'4; he grants a fresh 289, 290.
bull in aid of the rebn. under John of Leo IX. opposes Berenger, and main-
Desmond, 794, '5, 1272_'5; his gift of tains transubstantn., 404.
Id. to the king of Spain, 798 ; his let- Lucius III., consecrates J. Comyn abp.
ter to J. Fitzmaurice on the eccl. af- of Dublin, 604; infringes on the an-
fairs of Id., 1265 ; his comments on cient prerogatives of Armagh, 605.
the Bull of P. Pius for the deposition Vid. q. 994.
of Q. Elizabeth, 1325. See 137—'9 | Marcellinus, his apostasy noticed, 1339.

Nicholas IV. makes to Ed. I. a grant of
Honorius I. writes to the Irish on the the papal Tenths in Id., 679 n., 1148 ;

Paschal controversy, 145; is informed his letter of instructions to the agents
of the state of Luxeu, and takes it ui- in that business, 1160.
der his protection, 275.

Paul III., his thundering Bull against
Innocent II., his interest in Id. and the Henry VIII., 708; its little effect,

Irish, and inquiries concerning them, 709; an abstract of its contents, 1201
473; appoints Malachy legate for id., seqq. ; he writes to instigate Con
ib.; defers giving the palls, 474.

O'Neill to rebellion, 1204 seqq.; pa-
Innocent III., certificate of the prelates tronises the introducing of the Jesuits
of Tuam to, qd., 420; bids John of into Id., 1227.
Salernum put an end to nepotism in Paul IV., his Bull for the reconcilia-
Id., 1051, '2.

tion of Id., 743.
Innocent IV. helps King Henry III. Paul V. condemns the Oath of Alle-
against the Irish, 624.

giance of King James, &c., 858, 1313
Innocent VI., Abp. Fitz Ralph tried be- -'17; sends presently after a second
fore, 655.

brief confirming such condemnation,
Innocent VIII., his bull for the confir- 859, 1318–21; effects of his exhorta

mation of the collegiate establishment tions, 1332 seqq. ; writes again to the
in Galway, 671, 1169, &c.

Irish recusants, A.D. 1614, 884, 1388
John IV. (elect) and other clergymen of seqq. ; appoints D. Rothe titr, bp. of

Rome write to the Irish on the Easter Ossory, 1374.
question, 147.

Pelagius II. prevents Gregory the Great
John VIII., his approbation th

from going on the Saxon mission, 128.
gar tongue for use in divine service, Pius II., his History of Bohemia qd.,
370 ; his letter on the subject qd., 968.
&c., 965.

Pius IV., his Creed unknown to the old
John XXII., patronises the plan for a Irish, 367, '8.


Pius V., his excommunication and deo | Poverty, a characteristic of the Irish

position of Q. Elizabeth, 695, 777 ; the saints of the third class, 61 ; not com-
document in full, 1258–62; named pulsory on the early monks, 125, 232;
by D. Rothe as the advancer of R. not to be chosen and vowed for its own
Creagh to the titular primacy, (by sake, 654 ; followed by Kentegern's
error, it would seem,) 773 n., 1229. disciples, 1008, '9.
Severinus, 147.

Powel, Humfrey, prints the Articles of
Stephen II. co-operates with King Pepin Religion, A.D. 1565, in Dublin, 770.

in promoting S. Virgilius to the bpk. Powel, D., account of his edition of Ch.
of Saltzburgh, 34

radoc's Chronicle of Wales, 1020, 21 ;
Urban III. confirms John, son of Henry his motives to undertaking the work,

II., in the kingdom of Id., 604 ; con- ib. ; extracts therefrom, 1023—'40.
firms the Dublin canons of, A.D. 1186, Powys, Wales, 1023, '6, &c.

Poyning's Act, 1191 n.
Urban V. unites Waterford and Lis- Pramunire, Statute of, 861, 1199.
more dioceses, 1140.

Prayers for the dead, in early times, 50,
Urban VIII. writes “to the Catholics of 51 ; not used in connection with pur

England," against the Oath of King gatory by the old Irish, ib., 368 ; Bp.
James, 899, 1395-'7; starts the Mis- Bale's discouragement of, 733 ; prayers
sion in Id., i392-'5.

to the dead, abuse of, (A.D. 788,) 355 ;
Victor, his intolerance in the Paschal private prayer, encouraged by S. Co
controversy, 198, 290.

sumbanus in his monks, 287; daily
Vigilius, supposed to have died a heretic, prayers, use of by the old monks, 234;
304, 309; notice of his conduct in con- chanting of, among the ancient Irish
nection with the controversy of the noticed, 458 n.
Three Chapters, 950, '1 n.

Preaching, of God's Word, a dearth of,
Vitalian appoints Theodore abp. of in Id., A.D. 1475, 597 ; ordered to be
Canterbury, 208.

maintained in English by Henry VIIL..
Zachary, affirms the opinion of St. Vir- 687; a continued deficiency in, after

gilius relative to irregular baptisms, all, 728, 733 n. ; Sir F. Bacon's re-
345; receives a complaint against Vir- marks on the necessity and value of,
gilius from the missionary Boniface, 817 ; diligence in preaching employed
346 ; and condemns, conditionally, the as a means of extending the R. schism,
doctrine of the existence of Antipodes, 895, 901, &c.
held by the former, 347.

Predestinarian controversy of the ninth
Portmore fortress, on the Blackwater, century, J. S. Erigena partly involved
809. See Blackwater.

in, 399, 400.
Portrahern, (Portrane ?) Co. Dublin, Prendergast, M. de, Anglo-Norman in-
assigned to Christ Church there, vader of Id., 497.

Prene, John, abp. of Armagh, 1111; his
Portugal, a king of, falls in battle with quarrel with the dean and chapter of
the Moors, 790.

Raphoe, 663.
Potatoes, by whom, and where brought Presbyters, their coinmanding influence
first into Id., 803.

among the old Irish, 986
Potitus, a priest, grandfather of St. Pa- “Presence, the real," in the H. Commu.
trick, 18.

nion, Mr. T. Moore's view of, 1425.

Preston, Sir Christr., his mission to the commencement of its spoliation,
England, A.D. 1421, 111).

1059 ; antiquity of some of its consti-
Priests, of Rome, why punished by Q. tuent portions, 1063, '68.

Elizabeth, 843 ; arrangements for pro- Prosper's Chronicle qd., 2, 29.
viding a new corporation of, in Ia. un- Protestants, persecution of, by Henry
der Jas. 1., 895, 901; their way of sup- VIII., 1428, 9; story of the saving of
port, &c., 899, 905, 1344, '65, '64 ; their those of Id. from the tyranny of Q.
curious mode of obtaining a title to a Mary, 744-6.
parish at first, 1255, 1366; the Eng. Protestation of Allegiance, the, some
lish charged with diligence in hunting notices connected with, 1326 seqq.
them, 1362.

Prove all things," apparently a favour-
Primates, their office described to the ite maxim of the old Irish saints, 154,

Irish by Gillebert, 444; those of Id. 157, 296.
anciently independent of Rome, 580 ; Provisions, papal, prevalent in the Irish
"primates of Ireland," and "primates Church after the invasion, 1108 seqq.
of all ld.," how distinguished, 726. 1140-'4.
See 739.

Psalmody of the ancient Irish noticed,
Primate, the Ld., (Beresford,) his charge 94, 101, 207, 458 n. ; of the Anglo
of 1845 qd., 1072. See 1065.

Saxons, 208-211,
Primatial rights of Armagh and Dublin, Psalms of David, their transcribing an
the controversy about, 631.

Vid. q.

occupation of s. Columbkille, 92; a
1244, '5.

favourite study of St. Aidan and his
Printing, when invented, 101 ; that of followers, 175; and of the early monks

the Book of Common Prayer, supposed in general, 234 ; commented on by 8.
the first use of the art in Id., 747 ; Columbanus, 252 ; recitation of them
Irish, 780 seqq.

used as a penalty by the old monks,
Prior and convent, an old form of cathe- 281 ; their use in divine service in the

dral corporation in Id., instead of monasteries of 8. Columbanus, 285, '6;
dean and chapter, 1114 n.

and in N. Ferrar's family, note, ib.
Private masses, no employment of the Psalter, the, af Cashel, what, 408. See
primitive monks, 231.

also 1108.
Probus, biographer of St. Patrick, 10. Pulse diet, antiquity of its use in Id., 5;
Proclamation, used by government for the monks' use of it noticed in the mo-

banishing the agents of Rome, A.D. nastic rule of 8. Columbanus, 283.
1605, from id., 855 ; for prohibiting Purgatory, St. Patrick's views connected
Romish taxation of the Irish for poli- with, 48 ; notions of the early Saxons
tical purposes, 882.

concerning, 214; not a doctrine of the
Proctors of the clergy in Id., their office Ir. Church in the 7th cent., 216, 368;

and opposition to the enactment of the nor of Sedulius, 393; attributed to

regal supremacy, 688–691. See 1192. the old Irish by Mr. T. Moore, 1421;
Promises of God, in the Law, theatri- St. Patrick's purgatory in Lough
cally represd., 738.

Derg, (Co. Donegal.) 1227.
Propaganda College in Rome, its first in- " Purifications after childbirth," offer-
stitution, 1242.

ings to the clergy at, contested be
Property of the Church of Ireland, a tween F. de Saundford and the people

material for political tinkers, 1065 ; of Dublin, 624.

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