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He was father to Richard Sarsfield, retreated in safety by the same way captain general to Henry the zi, in he came before it was poslible for the 1 230.

Henry, a grandson of this besiegers to interrupt him. This Richard Sarsfield, came to Ireland masterly maneuvre rendered William and settled in Cork. He intermarri- desperate, and he determined on imed with the Fitzgeralds, from whom mediately storming the town.

The he kad the lands of Bealogh Far ye English troops accordingly advanced, and Kill nallock, six miles in length, carried the counterscarps and mounted in the county of Limerick, which er. the breach; but the garrison emulous tate his descendants enjoyed for many of doing something equal to the atgenerations.

Our general's great chievments of the Protestants of Longrand father, was Sir William Sars. don Derry, quickly lewed that to feld, who married Anne, daughter to reduce the town was no such easy Sir Patrick Barnwell, and by her had matter as they might imagine. Like Peter and many other children.--- another Carthage, the very women This Peter married Elenor, daugh. joined their efforts to those of the men ter to l'erlagh O'Demply, lord vil- and fought with the most enthusiarcoun Clenmalier, and by her bad P... tic fury, so that notwithstanding the trick cur beroc's father, who married most violent affault upon the breach, a daughter of Roger Moor.

the English after a contest of three Very little is known of the early hours, were repulsed with great Naughperiod of Sarsfield's life, but his edu. William was so disheartened by cation seems to have been a military this defeat, in which he and his aux. one, for he was while yet young, a iliaries lost more than 2000 men, that colonel in the lih army. He fought the immediately raised the fiege and at the Boyne under general Hamil- set off for England. ton, whole death fo dispirited the The honour of this victory which Irish, that to it may be chiefly ascribed protracted the fate of Ireland, was the loss of that batile. When the due to Sarsfield, but unhappily for his Till feil back to Limerick, and this country, his other efforts were rendercity was befeiged by William, one ed ineffe&ual by the destructive spirit BoifTeleau, a Frenchman, was govern- of jealousy which preyed in the breasts Or,

the duke of Berwick and Saife of those who acted along with him. field were next in command. Three St. Ruth, a brave but a vain man, . Jays after the commencement of the commanded with Sarsfield at the bacfiege, Sarsfield performed a military tle of Aughrim. Sarsfield's reputaCoup de maiu, that at once evinced tion was so high amongst his country his genious and his bravery. Having men, that St. Ruth envied him, and intelligence that a convoy with artil. therefore by an unpardonable and even lery and other necesaries for a fiege ireacherous breach of duty did not was on its way to join the English make him privy to his arrangements 'my, he formed a resolution to issue before the battle.

of the town with a chosen body It was this -misunderstanding be. vops, and accordingly he by a fé.

tween the generals that lost the bas'y passed the Shannon at night, tle, and with it Ireland. Every thing Od the convoy, spiked the hung on this event, the right of Wil. 'ew up the powder, destroy, liam and James to this country was to ft of the , ammunition and be determined as well as that of the


ntercept caonon, bi • Tall the ri


Protestants and Catholics. The Irish knew better the spirit of the parties had almost gained a complete victory and of our clans before and after the when St. Roth fell and expiated his reformatiou--no mao had laid himwicked vanity by a soldier's death self out for such a talk so early in life The Irish not being then able to act as he did --no man divided his com'in concert, fed on all fides, and left pany more between protestants and the field to the English who made a catholics, between higher and lower most inbuman and cruel use of their orders—no man scorned more to faricory, not granting to their valiant crifice historical truth on the altars of and brave enemy the least quarter.- prejudice--and no man felt more fenSarsfield after the battle of ughrim libly the wrongs and the calamities of returned again to Limerick, resolving his countrymen of all defeod it to the last. General Gin- be declaim," said he, "on the cle with his force besieged it, but the miseries of 1641, and we pass unncIrish deserted by James and in def. ticed the severe famines and miseries pair of further allistance from the of 1727, 28, and 29. lo 1740, 2 Freach, [igned a capitulation which dreadful famine spread over the face guaranteed to them the free exercise of the nation : the cineities of 1611 of their religion, and the full poffef- were more sparing of our inhabitants on of their civil rights.

counties were converted into il mankind have heard with in- graves, and this thews the din of war digration of the infamy and treachery and the rage of party makes a deeper with which the English afterwards impre.Tion than the filent woe of a broke this treaty, ratified at Lin erick, much greater walle of the human fpeand to this hour the unfortunate Ca- cies." See his Maxims, Dublin, tholics of Ireland are the victims of

1757.) their perfidy and want of principle. It has been observed by Mr. WalkSarsfield with a great many of the er in his history of the Bards, that Irish nobility and 18,000 men went our national ftyle of music borrowed over to France, and was afterwards its melancholy cast, from the calamikilled at the battle of Landen.-- ties and the fpoliation of the natives; He married a daughter of the earl the same observation is applicable to of Clanrickard by whom he had one Mr. O'Conor ; he had been eye-witfon, named Janies Edward Francis ness to 100 many woes from his infanSarsfield.

cy, and his sensibility was so much af. fected by the recollection of what he saw, and what he beard, that he would

fometimes foatch his harp to divert The Life of Mr. Charles O'Cono.

recollection; but then instead of pro

fiting by the rimedy, he would find it (Continued from page 133.) worie than the disease, his feelings

would derive more force from the I have been often so much led away sounds which were congenial with by this consideration, that I felt the them. Memory would summon ap loss of Mr. O'Conor's intended histo. a long train of ancient adventures, ry of Ireland to be more serious than and he would throw by his harp, fay. it would appear on first view No ing with emotion, • it is like the man was better acquainted than he effect which the harp of David had with the original sources of it, no man on Saul."'-One of our late Bards had



the following diftich inscribed on his and the gentlemen of that neighbourharp

hood had no clergyman for a confi

derable time to give them mass, Cur lyra funestas edit percussa sono. but a poor old man, one Prendergast, res,

who before day-dawn on Sundays, Scilicet amissum fors diadema ge. crept into a cave in the parish of Bala mit.

lick, and waited there for his congre

gation in cold and wet weather, hunger In 1732, a proclamation was issued and thirst, to preach to them patience against the Roman Catholic Clergy, under their afilictions and perseverance and the degree of violence with which in their principles ; to offer up prayit was inforced, made many of the ers for their persecutors, and to arm old natives look seriously as a lart them with resignation to the will of resource to emigration.*. -Bishop beaven in their misfortunes. This O’Rorke retired from Belanagare, cave is called Poll-an-Aifrin, or Mass

caye, to this day, and is a melancholy monument of the piety of our ancel.

tors. Ν Ο Τ Ε.

It is very observable that of 1080

priests then in the kingdom, banished A subscription raised by the mer- into bogs, deprived of all the comforts chants of Cork and Dublin, to buy of life, and almost every intercourse off in London, that persecuting rage with the human species, not more than which could not be satiated by cruelty a dozen abandoned their principles, at home, was the only pretext that to avoid perfecution, or to accept the could be alledged for this severity: £40. which were held out to them, as a rumour was maliciously propagated an inducement to apostacy. O'Rorke that this subscription was intended for returned to Belanagare in 1734, died the Pretender. The Rev. Mr. But there of a complication of disorders, ler, archbishop of Cashel, and the Rev. contracted by Sleeping fonietimes in Mr. Mc. Carthy, bishop of Cork, he open air, and sometimes in mise. were accused of granting indulgences rable hovels, among the bogs and to those who would subscribe for this marshes of Conanara. Such was purpose. The committee appointed the end of a man who had conversed to inquire into this matter owned that

with kings and emperors ; and passed the sum of their evidence amounted his early years in affluence and ease. merely to this ; that some letters were Mr. O'Conor ordered the following found by which it appeared that a distich to be engraved on his tombe collection was made in 1731, to pro. ftone. cure a suppression in England of the bill against popish solicitors, and the bill for disarming papists, (see their own report Dublin printed 1732) erce of the popish clergy. As they Yet they resolved that it appeared to give no reason why this appeared to them, that under colour of oppofing them, without having any evidence to these bills, great sums had been col- justify this construction, it is to be lected; of imminent danger to the presumed they examined with a jaungovernment, and chiefly by the influ- diced eye which made what was whits

appear otherwise.

Sola salus servire Deo-Sunt cætera

confideret, fraudes !

et propriæ me nor But ferve thy God, here all thy duty Animam piis fuffragiis, lies,

Divinæ Misericordiæ All elfe is fraud, but this is to be

cummendet. wise.

Those historians who have brought Those accumulated miseries made our bistory down to the conclusion old Denis O'Conor fuspect, that foon of this reign, have in fact given no there would not be a vestage remain. hiftory of Ireland during the period ing of the old families of the kingdom. that occurred from the revolution to The lowering aspect of the times, and the death of George II. the fanguinary code fo perseveringly of a party of Englih by whom the

They may have given the hillory inforced, threw all his friends into a Irish Jords were treated with ignodespondence which shut out every miny and contenipt. The history of prospect bu: the dreary one of imagi- what Mr. Knox calls a protestant garDalion.

rison in Ireland, (see his speech in the Under this impreslion it was that debates of 1793,) but they neglected he called upon his son to write a

the bulk of the people and affected latin inscription for a monument fimi.

to suppose, that no such people exlar to that erected for counsellor isted. * M.Dopagh, as a memorial of the mis.

In order to fill up the page, they fortunes of his ancestors. This mo- have turned their eyes to iha rebellio nument was destroyed soon after it

ons in Scotland; they then advert to was executed, but the inscription flag the violent and vindićtive measures of is ftill ecrire, and may be seen at the the commons of England against derock of Drimmin on the way from Belanagare to Elpbin, and is as fol,




But of all the other laws which op

pressed the unfortunate people, that Pro Majoribus

act of the ift of George II. 1927, Fidei et virtuti addictislimis, which deprived them of their franIn tuenda patria et religione chise, that grand crieerion which disContactiffimis,

tinguishes a freeman from a Nave, the

right for voting for representatives Ac tandem pro ulijusque defensione who are to make laws to bind their Redac s, dispoliatis, dispersis lives, liberty and property, which my Ex Scotorum regibus oris,

Lord Holi called the noblest birthPro le conjuge et familia, right, and most invaluable privilege Hic Sepultis

of the subject. I say that law of all Hocionum. Statuit others, appears to me to have been LION O'CONOR,

the most unaccountable, the most cruel, and the most unnecessary.

Counsellor Stanley's speech in the deChistianus Lector cogitet,

bales of 1793.

It is well known Nihil efle in hac via

that they voted in the election of that Ex omni parte beatum P-i of George II, which afterwards Hunanam mortalitatem,

disfranchised them. Ibid.


Juded men, whom humanity must pi- the few that are interested in its con: ty, since they were willing, however tinuation. erroniously, to sacrifice their interests Such was the situation of Ireland to their principles. But what has all during those unhappy times, in which this to do with the history of Ireland a political fatality compelled our during those angry times? how kings to fan&tion calamities they decomes it that since the enaQing of tested.* An island diversified with the penal laws, our historians find no extensive forellis loon became a wild transaction on which they could rest waste, and almost all the industry of the dignity of history, except the the people was limited to destruction, usurpations of the English Parlia. our woods were felled, but no trecs ment reversing the decrees of the Irish were planted in their stead. The in the cause of Annesly, and enacting bulk of the people ceased not only laws to secure the dependance of Ire- to improve but 10 till, they contracta land on the parliament of Great ed lazy habits, and livéd or Narved Britain? How comes that our nobi- as water-crefles and wild roots were lity were degraded into English plentitul or Icarce. squires, our gentry into English boors, Their conquerors treated them as and our country into an English beings of a species not quite as low plantation ** That England mono- as the brute, but inferior to the hupolized our trade, controuled our le

They said that they were a giNature, and disposed of our lives mean, ignorant, fupertitious hord of and fortunes without our content; savages, that Ireland was another and that Ireland was left the melan- Bæotia, and that the intellects of the choly pre-eminence among the nati- nasives were ftupid by the poiatoe. ons of Europe of being supreme in Thus they insulted national character misery and contempt. I forget who in every corner of Europe, and when it was said inat a ryianny which go- they had proscribed our industry, and verns by the sword can have no ad- rendered the improvement of the vocates but the men of the sword, country penal by act of parliament, and such was Cromwell's by the faine they mocked the mileries they themrule, a legal tyranny which by forms felves bad occafioned. of jullice and ceremonies of law re- No comedy was acceptable if some tards the progreflive imprevements wild Irishman was not introduced, of nations, can have no advocatesfbut whose actions were the most excen

tric, whose opinions were the most

fuperftrious NOTES.


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Sce primate Boulter's 2 vols. Svol. * The Romans practised such fereDublin 1770.-Thele curious letters rity only while the nations they conare styled by the editors of them.-- quered' were arrayed in arms againk “Letters which now are, and in all them. Then they said probability will ever remain the most authentic hiflory of Ireland, for that “Res dura et regni novitas me tale space of time in which they are write cogunt moliri.” ten;" that is gentle reader, from 1724 to 3739!” Now to that authentic But Seneca alks, quid hodie eller hilloy I refer for every thing that I Imperium nifi falubris providentia vichave advanced in this page, see vol. tos permilcuillet victoribus. And Li1. p. 17,19, 44, 45, 92, 107, 157, vy jays, Rem Romanam auctao biti

tibus in civitatem receptis.

319, &c. &c.

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