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797 ;

Carthagh, St., visits Gaul, and studies “Catholic Church," not synonymous
the Holy Scriptures there, 323.

with the “ Church of Rome"

Cartie, Donogh, his letter to the King of the ancient Irish, 148.
Spain, 1288.

" Catholic Church" in Ireland, (accord-
Casey, Bishop of Limerick, promoted by ing to the Romish use of the term.)

King Edward VI., favours the Refor- robbers sent to protect, by Pope Gre-
mation, 719; his deprivation by Quen gory XIII., 789-792, Geraldine de-
Mary, and subsequent restoration un- fenders of, their habits and manners,
der Elizabeth, 740, 1215.

her champions exemplified,
Cashel, visited by S. Patrick, 34; in- 806-808, 1434, '5; H. O'Neill's inte

cluded in the see of Emly before the rest in, 824, 828, 829; specimens of the
time of Cormac Mac Cuilenan, 407 ; notion of it contended for by him, 830,
erected into an archbishopric by Pri- 831, 833 ; Pope Clement VIIL's views
mate Celsus, 445, 452, 472 ; burned by on, 840 ; her hatred of treason, 897 ;
certain of the Irish, 454; graced with Compendium of the History of, by
a Romish pall, 482; (vid. 577 ;) atroci. O'Sullevan, 900.
ties of an archbishop of, 625, '6; the Catholic faith, whether it might fail in
archbishop of, aids England in the re- Rome, 309, 949.
bellion of E. Bruce, 643; Edward II. | Catholicus, (Cadhla O'Duffy,) archbi-
petitions the pope to have an English- shop of Tuam, present at the synod of
man elected to the see, 647 ; see 651, Cashel, 515; appointed by Roderic
653, 661--663, 667, and Council: an O'Conor a commissioner for treating
archbishop of, receives Henry VIII.'s between him and Henry II., 544; vid.
supremacy, 701 ; the independence of 1085; holds a synod at Tuam in Con-
the old Irish Church illustrated in the naught, 1092, *3.
history of the see, ) 250 ; the archbi- Cauteton, Roger de, curious decision in
shopric offered to Giraldus, 1094 ; vid. the case of the trial concerning his
1054, 1427.

murder, 1129 n.
Castlebuy, (Co. Down,) an establish- Caulfield, Sir Toby, 1342, receives cu-

ment of the Knights Hospitallers rious depositions concerning one of
there, 569.

the early congregations of the modern
Catechising, enjoined on the Romanists Romish establishment in Ireland,
by their authorities in 1614, 895.

Cathedral towns of Ireland, no regular | Cavan, state of, in 1607, 862 seqq. ;

succession of bishops in, at first, 985. planted, 868.
Cathmael, or Cadoc, Welsh saint, ac- Cavanrengh, 929, 1063 n.
count of, 122, 124.

Cave's Historia Litteraria referred to,
* Catholic," the name, used by the an. 400 n., 4x3 n., &c.

cient members of the Church of Rome Ceadda, or Chad, Bp. of York, and
to distinguish themselves from the first Bp. of Lichfield, educated in tre-
Irish, &c, 145, '9, 150, '2, 3, '8-160, land, 187, 188, 343.
184, 185, 202-204, what entitled to Cecil, Wm., suspected of promoting the
the name, according to the old Irish Gunpowder Plot, 1314.
Christians, 203

Cedd, his triple consecration, 988, 1013.
* Catholic Association and Rent, ori- Ceile De, meaning of, 355.
gin of, 881.

Celestine. See Pope.

Celibacy, of the clergy, whether enforced thod, taught in York by James the

by S. Patrick, 44; not expressly vowed deacon, 208; there and elsewhere by
by the first monks, 231; its repute Addi and Bp. Putta, ib. ; by John the
among the Irish monks of the 7th cen- Roman, 209; and Maban, 211; pro-
century, 237 ; its violation punished moted in Id. by Malachy, 458,
by them with excommunication, 238 ; Chapters, the Three, (see Three Chap-
its compulsory observance one of the ters,) 931, seqq. ; what they were, 938.
earliest abuses of Christianity among Chapters, Cathedral, origin of in Id.,
them, 363, 370; extravagant notions 1114.
of its merit, 587 ; abuse of, under Law- Charibert, King of Paris, 259.
rence O'Toole, 595 ; under John Cu-

Charlemagne, the Emperor, his patron-
min, 609, 610; its non-observance age of learned Irishmen, 350; Dun-
made a ground for deposing the pre- gal's epistle to him on the solar eclipses
lates of the reformed faith under Q. of 810, 394.
Mary, 740, not made compulsory on Charles the Bald, 398 ; patronizes J. 8.
the ancient Irish clergy, according to Erigena, 399, 400, 402.
Mr. Moore, 1422.

Charles II., the Remonstrance of Alle
Cellier's History of Sacred and Ecclesi- giance to, 1413.

astical Authors qd., 288 n., 370 n. Chester, anecdote of a mayor of, 746.
Cells to monasteries, meaning of, 574. Chester, the Earl of, 1023; invades
Celsus, (or Kellach,) archbishop of Ar- Wales, 1028, '35.

magh, constitutes a new archbishopric Chetimar, Duke of Carinthia, christened
in Cashel, 445, 472 ; his elevation to by S. Virgilius, 348.
the episcopacy, 450; his diligence in Chichester, Sir A., republishes the Act
the primatial office, ib. 8e99. ; appoints of Uniformity, 851, 860; his visit to
Malachy his vicar, 458; nominates three northern counties, 862, seqq. ;
him his successor when dying, 465, opens the parliament of 1613, 878;
468; his diligence in visitations, 476 ; witnesses cannibalism in Id., 1298.
his independence of Roman authority, Vid. 1320, 21.

Chilperic, King of Soissons, 259.
Cencius Camerarius, his Census Came- Chorepiscopi, their alleged multiplicity
rales qd., 993–996:

in Id. examined into, 1011 segg.
Ceolfrid, abbot of Wearmouth, 211; ex- Chrism, use of, in holy baptism, 396 ;

tract from his letter to King Naitan omitted by the old Irish, 424; not of

on the Paschal controversy, 960—'2. apostolic institution, 425; its applica-
Cerda, Martin, Spanish commander in tion in the consecration of bishops,
Ireland, 827.

Cerdicus, (the Saxon persecutor of Bri- Christ baptising, &c., made the subject
1186) held in, 609; coronation of L. | Church, the moon employed as an em-
Simnel in, 666; a Bible presented to, blem of, 961.
753; Abp. Curwen's first sermon in, Church in Wales, its ancient indepen-
742 ; desecration of, 1362.

tish Christianity,) his cruelty, 119. of a comedy, 739.
Chalcedon, Council of. See Council.

Christ's marble image in Christ Church,
Chalices for the use of Rome in Id. to be Dublin, its removal and restoration,
made of silver, 1364.

741, 742; employed as the subject of a
Chalons, Council. See Council.

Romish imposture, 749-751.
Channeric of Meaux, shews kindness to Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, its
8. Columbanus, 266.

foundation, 421; Strongbow interred
Chanting according to the Roman me- there, 548; synod of Dublin (A.D.

dence lost, 1035.
Christian, Bp. of Lismore, made pope's Church music, its cultivation by the
Ciaconius de Vitis Pontificum, note on a 1064; not supported by taxes, 1068, '9;
statement in, 1052 n.

legate, 482; present at the Council of early Saxons, 207-211.
Kells, 484; presides at the Synod of Church papists, what, 853; their apos-
Cashel, and sets his seal to the letter tacy to schism, ib., 854.
drawn up there, abusing the Irish for Church lands and property in Id., spo-
their filthy ways, &c., 515, 537; the liation of by the Anglo-Normans,
pope's reply addressed to him, &c., 1124; their origin, 1057 $99.; not
534 ; vid. q. 576, 1085, '88.

given originally to the Ch. of Rome,
Christian, brother of 8. Malachy, Bp. of 1059 ; nor by the English, 1121; the
Clogher, his death, 471.

Ch. property of Ireland not wholly
Christianity, origin of, in Id., 1; in a State gift, 1064; laws of the Synod

Engd., 6, 108; persecution of in Ire- of Cashel concerning, 516 seqq., 1066,
land by the Danes, 380 seqq.; chrono- "7; Blackstone's comments on, 1068 ;
logy of early events connected with, tithes, a royal grant, and the most an.
uncertain, 11).

cient one, ib. ; how far derived from
Chrysostom, St., his testimony to the the people, 1070, 71; statement of

early extension of Christianity, and Primate Beresford concerning, 1072 ;
scriptural information to the British Edmund Burke's view of, 1075; Ch.
isles, 4.

property no oppression to the people,
Church architecture of the ancient Irish, 1076 seqq. ; statement of its amount

207, 210 ; inferior to that of the Sax- by Mr. George Alexander Hamilton,
ons, ib., 211, 212; its alteration by the
Normans, 564.

Churches, parish', of Id., plundered, un-
Church, unity of the, in Id., under der pretence of reformation, 719; to

Henry VIII., 717; such unity main- be attended by all persons under cer-
tained to the days of James I., 889, tain penalties, according to the Act of
917; the Church of the Irish and the Uniformity, 754; ruinous condition of
Church of the English in Id. distinct, them in that age, 769, 784, 785, 1064 ;
and separated in language, race, and caused in some cases by defenders of
feelings, in A.D. 1315, according to Mr. the papal “ Catholic faith," 797 ; Spen-
Moore, 1425_-'27 ; worship in the com- cer's notice of their desolation, 815;
munion of the Church denounced by state of some of them in A.D. 1607,
the Romish schismatics of the 17th 862-864; vain attempt to repair by
century, 1308, '15; Mr. Moore's notion parliamentary funds, 779; ancient
of the creation of a new Church at the provision for the repair of, 1062 ; the
Reformation, 1434.

old Irish accused of not respecting,
“ Church of Ireland," and “ Church of 1088.

England," remarks on the use of the Church History, value and disadvan-
names, 919 seqq., and 1415 seqq. ; de- tages of the study, 927.
struction of the Church of Id. a quack Church Holidays. See Festivals.
medicine of conceited and ignorant Churton's History of the early English
empirics, 645, 1055 seqq., 1427 n.

Church, qd., 386 n., 446, 577 2.

1081 seqq.

ought not to be of beggarly incomes,
Ciaran, St., 61. See Kieran.

1075, '6; their number, and aggregate
Cisteaux, or Citeaux, 577.

property, 1082; decimal taxation of,
Cistertian monks, 229; introduced into 1146; those of the English race in ld.

Ireland by Malachy, 475, 562 ; their hated by the Irish, 637.
first establishment at Mellifont, 477; Clergy of England, victimised by Pope
various others founded, 566 se99. ; Gregory X., 679.

their origin, 577. Vid. 615, 656, 891 Clergy, marriage of. See Celibacy.
Clane, Synod of. See Council.

Clogher, see of, 452 n., 576, 667 n. ; a
Clanricarde, title of, conferred on De pa pal Bp. of, submits to Henry VIII.,

Burgo, 710; the Earl of, A.D. 1565, a 711; the see not subject to Q. Eliza
disturber of Id., 769.

beth, 758, 759 n.; state of the diocese
Clare, Roger de, gets lands assigned him in 1607, 863

in Wales, 1038 ; Thomas de, murders “ Clon," bpk., Stat. of Kilk., 661.
Brian Roe, prince of Thomond, 1127. Clonard, chosen by St. Finian as the site
Clarence, Lionel, Duke of, 658, 660. of his religious establishment and
Claude, Bp. of Turin, his controversy scriptural school, €8; the see of, ib.;
with Dungal, 395, 396.

ravaged by the Danes, 416; the see
Claudius the Commentator, notice of, one of those settled at Rathbreasail,

452 n., injured by Irish incendiaries,
Clement, learned Irishman, made princi- 454. See 563.

pal of a College in France by Charle- Clonefad, Etchen, Bp. of, ordains S. Co
magne, 350.

lumba presbyter, 77. See 1010–12.
Clergy of Ireland, military characters in Clonenagh, (Queen's Co.,) monastery of,

some ancient cases, 386 ; their dignity 71, 353.
and comforts advanced by the Synod Clonfert, abbey of, founded by S. Bren-
of Cashel and Anglo-Norman influ- dan, 70; ravaged by the Danes, 383;
ence, 519, 560, 612; anciently subject the see of, 452 n., 484 n., 576; the
to the ordinary civil laws, 558; their abbey revenues united to the bpk. after
ignorance, immoralities, &c., in the the Reformation, 1219.
Anglo-Romish period of Ir. Hist., Clonmacnoise, abbey of, founded by S.
583-697 ; said to have been corrupted Kieran, 68 ; visited by S. Columba,
by English influence, 609; praised by 102; ravaged by the Danes, 383, 384
Giraldus, 610; extraordinary associa- n.; by some of the Irish, 454; the see
tion of them under Primate N. Mac of, represented at Kells, 484 n. ; vid.
Molissa, 628, 1114; when resident q. 563, 617, 994 seqq., 1143, '54, 1211.
among the English, compelled to learn Clonmacnoise, the Annals of, 633 9.,
English, 658; their ignorance in 1538, 1052.
696 ; do. in 1551, 721; meeting of, " to Clonmel, Margaret le Blunde's case
establish the Protestant religion," against Abp. Mac Carwill tried at,
760 ; character and condition of in 625 ; public episcopal denunciation of
1576, 783 ; in 1593, 814, 815; do, in tax-payers to the English government
1607, 863-865; greatly reduced by in, 652; various prelates receive the
the Danish wars, 1060, '61; their im- king's supremacy in, after Archbishop
poverishment after the Reformation, Browne's preaching there, 701 ; its re-
bellious disposition on the accession of Lindisfarne, 180; defends the Ir. Eas
James I., 850 ; provided with sixty ter at Whitby, 181, 182 ; leaves his
new (schismatical) priests in one year, bpk. in disgust with the introduction
(A.D. 1613,) 1359.

of Roman customs, 184; and settles in
Clonmore, (Co, Wexford,) monastery of, Connaught, 186; character of him
ravaged by the Danes, 382.

and his predecessors, 240, 241 ; his
Clontarf, battle of, 414 416.

*Seniors," 986.
Clotaire I., King of the French, 259. Colp, or Invercolpa, 569.
Clotaire II., King of Soissons, treats S. Cologne, distinguished as a residence of

Columbanus with kindness, 266, 269, certain eminent Irishmen, 412, 436.
272 ; patronises S. Dichuill, 334. Colton, Primate, his visitation of Derry,
Cloveshove, Council of. See Council. 1063 n. ; vid. 1111.
Clovis, founder of the French monarchy, Columba, St, or Columbkille, one of the

Irish saints of the second class, 61 ;
Cloyne, see of, 995 seqq.

his life, 74; name of Columbkille, 75;
Cluainiard, or Clonard, 993 seqq.

studies with s. Finnian, 76; founds
Cluniac monks, 229.

the monasteries of Derry and Durrow,
Codure, Jesuit, conspirator with Con ib.; his supposed visit to Kells, 77;
O'Neill, 1206.

his mission to Scotland, 78; story con-
Cælestius the heretic, an Irishman, 5; cerning the occasion which led to it,
some notice of him, ib.

79 ; his excommunication, 83 ; settle
Coemghen, or Kevin, St., 61, 63; ac- ment at Iona, ib. ; his biography very
count of his life, 71.

imperfect, 85; inaugurates King Ai-
Cogan, Milo de, governor of Id., 600. dan, 86; attends the assembly at
Cogitosus, his life of S. Brigid, 66, 321 ; Drumceath, ib. ; returns to Iona, 87;
its character, 67.

lives of him, by Cumin, Adamnanus,
Cole, Dean of St. Paul's, his vain perse- &c , 88; V. Bede's notice of him, 89;
cuting mission to Id., 745.

circumstances connected with his
Coleraine, county of, embraced in the death, 90-94; non-Romish features
Plantation, 868.

observable in Adamnanus' recital, 95 ;
Coleridge, Judge, his views on episcopal day of his death, ib. and 96 ; charac-
appointments, &c., 1199.

ter, 97 ; prayerfulness, 98; self-denial,
Colgan's Lives of St. Patrick, 9, 46; of 99; industry, 100; influence among

8. Columba, 83 ; his AA. 88. qd. pus- men, 101, 102; visit to Clonmacnoise,
sim ; dedicated to H. O'Reilly, titular 102, 103; his humility, 104 ; and at-
primate, 1240; the Trias Thauma. tention to the practical duties incul-

turga to T. Fleming, Dublin titr. 1254. cated in the Bible, 106; extent of his
Collects, many, used by S. Columbanus labours, 107 ; the “Culdees" impro-
in worship, 287.

perly fathered upon him, 107; charged
College Green, Dublin, Henry II.'s resi- by a modern writer with hypocrisy and

dence in, 509. Vid. Hoggin Green, imposture, ib. ; quoted at Whitby as
Colleges, Romish, established beyond sea an authority opposed to the traditions

for Irish youths, 1355, '6. 1344. of Rome. ; his gnorance or indif-
Collier's Church History of England, ference about Purgatory, 216; his use

qd., 17, 109, 112, 140, 1288, et passim. of the sign of the cross, 223, (nid. 615;)
Colman, St., 61, 62 ; appointed Bp. of not of the communion of modern Irish

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