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rake Bread, and drinking of the Cup, withtrift out a Broken Heart, without a Change meals of Mind, without full purpose and Reloerfeu lution to mend your Lives, and to serve

God in true Holiness and Righteousness

all your days. For this is the true end ly ( and Scope of Christ's Religion, without fc the Practice whereof, all outward Obserdu

vances are but sorry and empty Formalities; things which are very consistent

with a Life of Sin (though that be the id Egreat thing which Christ came into the

World, and dyed upon the Cross, that he

might destroy) nor do I see by the Prinod 1

ciples of some Men, how any of those External Rites can lay the least restraint upon our Vices and Lufts; but must be

rather Encouragements to all manner of 700 10 : Sin and Wickedness; it being

such a strong Temptation to Men to run presently upon a new Score, after the Sacrament is over ; when they believe that all their accounts may be wiped out by

those mean and easie methods, which Sin ,

not the Heart, nor meddle with Lusts, but let. all manner of inward impurities alone, though those be the great things which God is angry at.

EXTERNAL Penance is one thing, moo but the Repentance of the Heart, and put the Mortification of the Spirit is another,

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and a far different Matter; and that which infinitely more deserves our strideft regard; for it is the Original of a Di. vine Temper, and of a Life that is truly Christian. And I have been the more Copious in Discoursing upon it; not only because it is a necessary Preparative to this Heavenly Mystery, but also because it is the great business of our whole Life; 'tis the root of all Religion, out of which spring all those particular and various branches of Godliness, Righteousness, and Sobriety, which together make up the whole Duty of Man, and are the Genuine and Salutary Fruits of Repen

tance,

CHA P. VIII.

Of Charity.

PROCEED next to the Subject of

Charity; for that is another neceflary Preparative; it being impossible for Men rightly to Celebrate the memorial of Gods infinite Love to them, or to an. swer the Love of God in any due measure, unless their own Souls be inflamed with an Unfeigned and Univerfal Love to

those

thofe for whom Christ dyed. It is the Apostles own inference, i Joh. 4. 11. Beloved, if God so Loved us, we ought also to Love one another. In Discoursing upon this Point, I am to speak, 1. Of the Nature ; 2. Of the Exercise of Charity.

1. AS to its Nature ; Charity is a Virtue of vast Extent and Latitude, so that St. Paul calls it the fulfilling of the Law, Rom. 13. Tho' the vulgar fort are apt to reftrain it to Alms-deeds; yet that is but one Branch of Charity, nay, when’tis done out of Oftentation, and for Popular applaufe, it loseth the Reward, and deferves not the very Name of Charity, as We find by the Apostle, where he tells us, that though I bestow all my goods to feed the Poor, yet if I have not Charity, it profiteth me nothing, 1 Cor. 13. In which Chapter, we have a large description of Charity, that it suffereth long, and is kind, that it Enviet not, that it vaunteth not it self, that it is not puffed up, that it behaveth not it self unseemly, that it seeketh not her own, that it is not easily provoked, that it thinketb Ho evil, that it rejoyceth not in iniquity, but rejoyceth in the Truth; that it beareth

all Things, believeth all Things, hopeth all | Things, endureth all Things. By which fe

veral Expressions is meant, that true Charity hath fuch an Universal influence upon a Man's Mind, that it creates in him an entire Goodness and Loveliness of Nature, and restrains him from every thing that is either inhumane, or injurious, or unbecoming the temper of one that professeth himself a Disciple of the Meek, Humble, and Beneficent Jesus. Therefore before you go to the Lord's

upon

. Table, you should examine and look into your Temper, and endeavour to rectifie it, wherever any crookedness appears, wherever it crosseth the Christian Law, wherever it swerves from that Divine Nature and Spirit which was in the great Exemplar of Charity. People that are impatient of every little provocation ; that are rough, uncompassionate, insensible of other Men's Miseries; that begrudge any good which the providence of God caiteth into their Neighbour's bofome; that out of a Towring and Lofty Conceit of their own Merits, look contemptuously and spightfully down upon their Brethren ; that are intractable, dilorderly, and pursue only their own private satisfaction; that are full of rancour and malice ; that employ their minds upon wicked and mischievous Contrivances; that take pleasure in the Sins or Frailties of others; that instead of cove'ring and concealing them, spread the in

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famy of them abroad, and proclaim them as it were from the House top ; that are prone to believe any thing that is Evil of those they have no kindness for ; to judge the worst of them, to turn every thing they do to a hard Construction, and to treat them so as if they were no other than Reprobates, and Caft-aways: People I say, of this harsh and lower disposition, should new-mould their Tempers before they come to the Supper of the Lamb, which was Meek, Innocent, and Spotless, and which readily offer'd up

himself a Sacrifice and Atonement for the 1 Crimes of the whole World. Purge out

therefore the old Leaven, saith the Apostle, that ye may be a new Lump; for even Christ our Palleover is Sacrificed for us ; therefore let us keep the Feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of Malice and Wickedness, but with the unleavened Bread of Purity and Truth, 1 Cor.

8 But there are two special ads of Chaa rity, which I am more particularly to speak of, because there are at this. Sólemnity some Special Reasons for them; some special Considerations to stir us up to the exercise of them, and to single them out particularly from the rest ; and

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