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their countenance to the said prince Hugh O'NEAL 1st. The in the war aforesaid, and that with great merit and ful- aiding of H. lest hope of an eternal recompense. For as the aforesaid bellion is prince makes war by authority of the supreme Pontiff, in pronounced defence of the Catholic religion, and the Pontiff in his highly meriletter exhorts him and all the faithful servants of Christ

torious. to adopt that course, as is evident from his letter ; and confers many graces on those who give their countenance to the prince in that war, as though they were en. gaged in war against the Turks, no person can reasona, bly doubt but that the war engaged in is a just one, and that to fight for the defence of the Catholic religion, the greatest of all blessings, is a proceeding highly meritorious in its character

• As touching the Second Question also, it is quite cer- 2ndly., "Catain, that all those Catholics are guilty of mortal sin, tholics", who follow the camp of the English against the said loyal to the prince; and that they cannot obtain eternal salvation, be consinor be absolved of their sins by any priest, unless they dered as first repent and desert from the camp of the English. guilty of And the same sentence must be passed on those who support the English with aid of arms or provisions in that war, or who render them any like service, beyond those customary taxes, which by the indulgence of the supreme pontiff, and by his permission, are allowed to be paid to the Queen of England or to her officers.

•The assertion here made is established by this most The obvious proof ;– That from the letter of the supreme proof" of pontiff it is sufficiently clear that the Qneen of England this latter and her generals are carrying on an unjust war against from papad the prince above named and his supporters. For where pastorals. the pontiff says that the English are fighting against the Catholic religion, and ought to be resisted not less vigorously than the Turks, and confers the same graces on those who do resist them, as he confers on those who fight against the Turks, who can doubt but that the war

mortal sin.

in which the English are engaged against the Catholic army is altogether an unjust one. Now it never can be lawful for any man to countenace an unjust war, or aid in promoting it, under penalty of eternal damnation. A very grievous sin is therefore committed by those Catholics who fight in the camp of the heretics against the prince aforesaid, in a war openly unjust and iniquitous, and by all who assist the same war with aid of arms or military stores, or in any other way whatsoever, which may tend naturally to promote the said war, and who

cannot give an account of their indifferent obedience. The pope's Nor is it of any avail to them to charge the apostolic exclusive letter with having been unfairly elicited by surreptitious responsibility in en

practices. For a charge of such surreptitious practices couraging cannot be entertained where there is no petition adduced the Irish to as having proceeded from the parties

in whose favour engage in

the letter is issued. But the supreme Pontiff in the letthis insur

ter in question expressly declares, that it was altogether voluntarily that he and his predecessors had exhorted the Irish chieftains and all the faithful to engage in that war; and to provoke them to greater alacrity therein he bestows on them a liberal supply of graces and indulgences. How then should it be possible for a letter to be surreptitiously elicited, which contains nothing but an exhortation overflowing with rich graces for such as

would assent to the terms therein specified ? The mea- • Nor can those Catholics who support the English sure of obe

excuse themselves on the grounds adduced in the Second which the

Question ; for no mortal sin must be committed even if Bishop of life or property is in danger of being lost. But to be

concerned in acts, which have a natural tendency to prosubjects of

mote or assist an unjust war, is plainly a mortal sin. the Queen Permission has also been given to Catholics to render to to render to the heretic Queen that kind of obedience which is not her, ex

opposed to the Catholic religion. But it never was, and plained.

never can be, a Pontiff's intention to allow in them such



Rome will allow the



acts of obedience to the Queen, as are manifestly at variance with the same Pontiff's own design and scope in regard to the promoting of the Catholic faith aud religion in Ireland. And that such was his intention and scope, the letter itself declares with all possible distinct

• From all which it remains abundantly manifest, that The sumthe most illustrious prince Hugh O'NEILL, and the ming up of

the matter; other Catholics of Ireland engaged in this war with a heretic princess who opposes the orthodox faith, are by O'Neill's is no means rebels, nor guilty of denying any obedience a right godly which they owe, or unjustly usurping territories that be- and catholic long to the Queen; but rather that they are, in a most righteous war, vindicating themselves and their own territory from an iniquitous and impious tyranny ;-and struggling, to the utmost of their power, as Christians and Catholics ought, for the maintenance and protection of the holy and orthodox faith. Which opinions all and singular, we the undersigned hold and approve, as most certain and incontrovertible. "Given at Salamanca, the second of February, in the Signatures

of the paryear of our Lord one thousand six hundred and three.

Doctors of Salamanca. *Fr. Franciscus Zumel, Dean of Salamanca. Mag. Alphonsus de Curiel, chief Professor of Sacred Theology. Fr. Petrus de Herrera, Mag. Doctor Franciscus Sancius. Fr. Dionysius Juberus. Mag. Andreas de Leon. Fr. Petrus de Ledesma. Fr. Martinus de Peraca.

*Doctors of Theology, Valladolid. •D. Franciscus Sobrino, Dean. D. Alphonsus Vacca de Santiago. D. Johannes Garcia de Coronel. Mag. Fr. Johannes Nigron. D Torre. Fr. Josephus de Luxan. Valladolid, the Eighth of March, in the year one thousand six hundred and three.

ties to this document.

*Fathers of the Society of Jesus. • P. Johannes de Ziguença. P. Emanuel de Rojas. P. Gaspar de Mena, Professors of Theology in the Colo lege of the same Society at Salamanca. P. Petrus Os

sorius, Ecclesiast in the same College.' O'Sullevan's “Such is the judgment of the academies, from which concluding inference.

be plainly seen, how far those Irishmen have been may led astray into ignorance and blindness, who have supported the Protestants and fought against the Catholics in this war. And what mad and poisonous doctrine has been propagated by some having a name for better learning, who have misled secular persons from defending the faith to go after the Queen's party, &c, &c."

According to the dates in Foulis, the above document was first published at Salamanca, March 7, 1602, and then again the year after. A loose translation of a portion of it, which might appear to the reader as the is given in Phelan's Policy.




( From the MS. E. 3. 15. MS. Library, Trin. Coll. Dub.)

A word of comfort for

Catholiques, un der the ty

“By the seruant of the seruants of God and vicare generall of the Catholique faith ypon earth,

vnto all our faithfull Catholiques of freland, Peace from our Lord Jesus Christ.

“Deare children greeting ynto yow from our Lo: rannicall Jesus Christ. desireinge of him yt. yow may remayne sted- yoke of he fast vntyll his comminge wh. wilbe shortned for his retiques." ellects sake, whereas wee vppon our fatherly affection tendring the salvacion of your soules healthes and pittyinge your miserable estate and bondage vnder yt tyran nicall yoke of heretiques, and whereas vppon the first of November last there came before our consistory the proclamac'on made against ye Catholiques by yt. Tyrannicall apostatal vsurper of the supremacie of our apostolique dignity the wch. hath indured manny hundered yeares obedient vnto our sea, and nowe is suppressed by schismatiques, let not any man marvell at theis manifold downfalles into sinne, or be offended yt. the way of salvac'on is soe narrowe, for this is the straight wch. leadeth vnto life, this is the combatt betweene the world and Christ, neuer agreeing in one, this the vnspotted lawe of God, wch. notwthstanding convrth soules and maketh them despise the delights of the fleshe, yea and extreame ill vsages of the world and onlie cleaue vnto Christ, and (yt. wch. is a moste happie thinge) to remaine wth him in his tribulacions ynto the end, yet not swarvinge from bis holly will; marvell not though heretiques desemble amonge Catholiques, though they shewe noe difficulty of making all demonstrac'ons of fained pietye, contrary to theire owne conscience (whilest they receaue our Sacraments p'fesse our doctrine; and seeme to detest all heresies) yet they want true religion together with all constant p'fession; of that they esteeme for trueth. Therefore deere children I admonishe yow of one remedy wch may deliver yow from theire 'ypcrisies ; be at vtter defiance with schisme and heresie, lett all the world vnderstand that in the least dangerous pointe, you will take the secure p'te, and noe way shrincke from yorduety towards God; then shall you certainly avoide divers snares of conscience. Thus assure your selves of;

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