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madam d'Ursley at Kensington ; when this lady was płeased to be very free, in putting some queries to him concerning the pleasures of Venus.' The Doctor gave her full scope by' a reply, which produced a well-known witty epigram, too licentious to be here transcribed.

In 1699, king William returning from Holland, and, being much out of order, sent for Radcliffe; and, shewing him his swoln ancles, while the rest of his body was emaciated and skeleton-like, faid, " What think you of " these?” “Why truly,” replied the physician, “ I would " not have your majesty's two legs for your three king* doms:” which freedom fo lost the king's favour, that no intercessions could ever recover it. When queen Anne came to the throne, the earl of Godolphin used all his endeavours to reinstate him in his foriner post of chief physician; but she would not be prevailed upon, alledging, that Radcliffe would send her word again, “ that her " ailments were nothing but the vapours.' Nevertheless, he was consulted in all cases of emergency and critical conjuncture ; and, though not admitted in quality of the queen's domestic physician, received large sums of fecretservice-money for his prescriptions behind the curtain.

In 1703, Radcliffe was himself taken ill (on Wednesday Atterbury's March 24) with something like a pleurisy; neglected Epittelary

Correspoila it; drank a bottle of wine at Sir Justinian Ilhain's

dence, vol. Thursday, took to his bed on Friday, and on the ill. p. 776 30th was so ill that it was thought he could not live all the next day. Dr. Stanhope Dean of Canterbury; 'and Nir. Whitfield (then queen's chaplain and rcétor of Sr. Martin, Ludgate, afterwards vicar of St. Giles, Cripplegate), were his confeffors. He sent for them, and defired them to affist him. By a will, made the '28th, he diíposed of the greatest part of his eftate to charity; and several thoufand pounds in particular for the relief of fick seamen fut alhore. Mr. Bernard the ferjeant-surgeon took from himn 100 ounces of blood; and on the 31st he took a strange relolution of being removed to Kensington, notwithstanding his weakness, from which the most preffing entreaties of his friends could not divert him. In the warmest time of day he rose, and was carried by four men in a chair to Kensington, whither he got with dificulty, baving fainted away in his chair. " Being put to bcd,” says Ibid. p. 79. Dr. Atterbury, on whose authority we relate these particulars," he fell asleep immediately, and it is concluded now [April 1 ] that he may do well; fo that the town



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vol. XIX.

physicians, who expected to share his practice, begin

" how to think themselves disappointed.” Two days Epißolary after, the fame writer adds, “ Dr. Radcliffe is past all danCorrespon 66

ger; his escape is next to miraculous. It hath made dence, vol. 111. p. 81.

" him not only very serious, but very devout. The per“ fon who hath read prayers to him often (and particu

larly this day) tells me, he never saw a man more in so earnest. The Queen asked Mr. Bernard how he did; “ and when he told her, that he was ungovernable, and " would observe no rules ; she answered, that then no“ body had reason to take any thing ill from him ; fince “ it was plain he used other people no worse than he used < himself.”

He continued, however, in full business, increasing in wealth and infolence, to the end of his days; waging all along, as we have before observed, a perpetual war with his brethren the physicians, who never considered him in any other light, than that of an active, ingenious, adventuring empiric, whom constant practice brought at length

to fome skill in his profession. One of the projects of Swifi's

“ Martin Scriblerus" was, by a stamp upon bliftering-plasters Works, and melilot by the yard, to raife money for the govern

ment, and give it to Radcliffe and others to farin. Ini 1:49.

Martin's “ Map of Diseases,” which was " thicker fet with towns than

Finders inap,” Radcliffe was painted at the corner, contending for the universal empire of this world, and the rest of the physicians opposing his ambitious designs with a project of a treaty of partition to settle peace.

In 1713 he was elected into parliament for the town of

Buckingham. Ibid. p. 98. In the last illness of queen Anne, he was sent for to

Carshalton about noon, by order of the council; he said, “ he had taken physic, and could not come.” Mr. Fordy from whose letter to Dr. Swift this anecdote is taken, observes, “ In all probability he had saved her life, for I

am told the late Lord Gower had been often in the " same condition, with the gout in his head.” In the account that is given of Dr. Radcliffe in the “ Biographia “ Britannica,” it is said, that the queen was struck withi death the twenty-eighth of July : that Dr. Radcliffe's name was not once mentioned, either by the queen or “ any lord of the council;" only that lady Masham sent to him, without their knowledge, two hours before the queen's death. In this letter from Mr. Ford to Dean Swift, which is dated the thirty-first of July, it is said, that the queen's disorder began between eight and nine



the morning before, which was the thirtieth; and that about noon, the same day, Radcliffe was sent for by an order of councilThese accounts being contradictory, the reader will probably want some assistance to determine what were the facts. As to the time when the

queen was taken ill, Mr.-Ford's account is most likely to be true, as he was upon the spot, and in a situation which insured him the best intelligence. As to the time when the doctor was sent for, the account in the “ Biographia” is manifestly false ; for if the doctor had been sent for only two hours before the queen's death, which happened incontestably on the first of August, Mr. Ford could not have mentioned the fact on the thirty-first of July, when his letter was dated. Whether Radcliffe was sent for by lady Malham, or by order of council, is therefore the only point to be determined. That he was generally reported to have been sent for by order of council, is certain ; but a letter is printed in the “ Biographia," said to have been written by the doctor to one of his friends, which, supposing it to be genuine, will prove, that the doctor maintained the contrary. On the fifth of August, four days after the queen’s death, a member of the house of commons, a friend of the doctor's, who was also a member, and one who always voted on the same fide, moved, that he might be summoned to attend in his place, in order to be censured for not attending on her majefty. Upon this occasion the doctor is said to have written the following letler to another of his friends :


« Dear Sir,

Caríhalton, Aug. 7, 1714. “ I COULD not have thought, that so old an acquaint“ ance, and so good a friend, as Sir J----n always pro“ fessed himself, would have made such a motion against

God knows my will to do her majesty any service " has ever got the start of my ability; and I have nothing that gives me greater anxiety and trouble than " the death of that great and glorious princess. I must “ do that justice to the physicians that attended her in her “ illness, from a sight of the method that was taken for “ her preservation by Dr. Mead, as to declare nothing " was omitted for her preservation ; but the people about “ her (the plagues of Egypt fall on them !) put it out of " the power of physic to be of any benefit to her. I s know the nature of attending crowned heads in their last moments too well to be fond of waiting upon them,

it without

“ without being sent for. by a proper authority. You 66 have heard of pardons being signed for physicians, be“ fore a sovereign's demite : however, ill as I was, I " would have went to the queen in a horse-litter, had “ either her majesty, or those in commission next " to her, commanded me so to do. You may tell Sir “J-n as much, and allure him, from me, that his " zeal for her majetty will not excuse his ill usage of a “ friend, who has drunk many a hundred bottles with “ him, and cannot, even after this breach of a good under

standing that ever was preserved between us, but have a very good esteem for him. I must also defire


to " thank Tom Chapman for his speech in my behalf, 66 since I hear it is the first he ever inade, which is taken

more kindly; and to acquaint him, that I should be glad to see him at Carshalton, fince I fear (for so the

gout tells me) that we shall never more fit in the " house of commons together. I am, &c.

“. JOHN RADCLIFTE.” But, whatever credit may now be paid to this letter, or however it may now be thought to justify the doctor's refusal to attend her majesty, he became at that time so much the object of popular resentment, that he was apprehensive of being affallinated ; as appears by the follow:ing letter, directed to Dr. Mead, at Child's coffee-house, in St. Paul's-church-yard : « Dear Sir,

Carshalton, Aug. 3, 1714. “I GIVE you, and vour brother, many thanks, for the si favour you intend me to-morrow; and if there is any 66 other friend that will be agreeable to you, he shall meet “ with a hearty welcome from me. Dinner shall be on " the table by two, when you may be sure to find me ready to wait upon you.

Nor shall I be at any other time " from home, because I havc received several letters, 66 which threaten me with being pulled to pieces, if as ever I come to London. After such menaces as these, “ it is easy to imagine, that the conversation of two such oc

very good friends is not only extremely desirable, but " the enjoyment of it will be a great happiness and satis6" faction to him, who is, &c. JOHN RADCLIFFE."

Radcliffe died on the first of November the same year, having survived the queen just three months; and it is said, that the dread he had of the populace, and the want of


company in the country village, which he did not dare to leave, shortened his life, when juft fixty-four years old. He was carried to Oxford, and buried in St. Mary's church in that city.

He had a great respect for the clergy; and (hewed much judgement in bestowing his patronage. He gave the rectory of Headbourne-worthy, Hants, to the learned and Atterbury's pious Dr. Bingham; and it was through his solicitation vol 111. that the headship of St. Mary Hall, at Oxford, was con-p. 278. ferred on the celebrated Dr. Hudson; whom he so much Ibid. p.233. esteemed, that it has been generally supposed it was to the persuasion of Dr. Hudson that the university was indebted for the noble benefactions of Dr. Radcliffe ; for the Library [A] and Infirmary which bear his name; and for an annual income of 600). for two travelling fellowships. To University .college also hề gave, besides the window at the altar-piece already mentioned, the money which built the master's lodge there, making one side of the Eastern quadrangle.

We do not find that he ever attempted to write any thing, and probably he would not have succeeded as an author. He was believed to have been very little conversant in books; which made Dr. Garth say, humourously

[A] Dr. Radcliffe's idea, in Decem- tooks. The fourdation fione was ber 1712, was to have enlarged the laid June 16, 1737, with rhe followBodleian Library. “ The intended ing inferiprion on plate of copper : “ scheme was," as we learn from Dr. “ Quod felix füüstumque fic Atterbury's. " Epistolary Correspon

Academice Oxoniensi, « dence, vol. III. “ to build out from Die xvi kalendarum Junii « the middle window of the Selden

Anno MDCCXXXVII, part a room of ninety feet long, and Carolo Comite de Arran Cancellario, « as high as thc Selden part is, and un Stephano Niblot, S. T. P. " der it to build a library for Exeter

Vice-cancellario, “ College, upon whose ground it Thomas Paget & Johanne Land A. M. « muft fand. Exeter College has

Procuratoribus, « consențed, upon condition that not Plaudente unique cogatâ gente, " only a library, be built for them, Honorabilis admodum « but some lodgings also, which must I AUS I 1948 Carolus Noel Somerset, “ be pulled down to make room for Honoradilis Johannes Verney, or this new design, be rebuilt. The Gualierus Wagitaff Bagot B. Monetusa “ University thinks of furnishing Edwardus llarley }

} Armigers, “ that part of the charge ; and Dr. er Edwardús Smith " Radcliffe has readily proffered to Radclivii munificentisiimi Teftamenti, « furnish the rest; and with all, after

Curatores, P. P. " he has perfected the building, to Jacobo Gibbs Architecto,” “ give 100l. for ever to furnith it - The whole building was completed in « with books.” This scheme not 1747 ; and on the 12th of April 1749 having been adopted, the Doctor left it was opened with grear folemnity: 40,000l. for building a new Li- of which fee a particular description brary; with 1501. a year for the li- in Gent. Mag, vol. Xix. pp. 165. brarian, and 1001, a year. to buy. 459. and fee vol. LI. p. 75. VOL. XI.



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