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respect to service which constitutes employment by reason of this subsection, such amount of remuneration as is determined (subject to the provisions of this section) by the Administrator, War Shipping Administration, to be paid for such service. The Administrator and such agents as he may designate for the pupose are authorized and directed to comply with the provisions of the internal revenue laws on behalf of the United States as the employer of individuals whose service constitutes employment by reason of this subsection The Administrator, War Shipping Administration, and the United States Maritime Commission, and their agents or persons acting on their behalf or for their account, may, for convenience of administration, make payments of the tax imposed under section 1410 without regard to the $3,000 limitation in section 1426 (a) (1), but they shall not be required to obtain a refund of the tax paid under section 14101 on that part of the remuneration of seamen in their employ not included in wages by reason of section 1426 (a) (1).

[The First War Powers Act, 1941, is to “remain in force during the continuance of the present war and for six months after the termination of the war, or until such earlier time as the Congress by concurrent resolution or the President may designate.”

The functions of the War Shipping Administration were transferred to the United States Maritime Commission by section 202 of the act

of July 8, 1946 (60 Stat. 501).] (j) CERTAIN EMPLOYEES OF BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATOR. — The term "employment” shall include such service as is determined by the Bonneville Power Administrator (hereinafter called the Administrator) to be performed after December 31, 1945, by a laborer, mechanic, or workman, in connection with construction work or the operation and maintenance of electrical facilities, as an employee performing service for the Administrator, but shall not include any service performed by such a laborer, mechanic, or workman, to whom the act of May 29, 1930 (46 Stat. 468 [5 U.S.C., chapter 14]), as amended, applies. The term “wages” means, with respect to service which constitutes employment by reason of this subsection, such amount of remuneration as is determined (subject to the provisions of this section) by the Administrator to be paid for such service. The Administrator is authorized and directed to comply with the provisions of the internal revenue laws on behalf of the United States as the employer of individuals whose service constitutes employment by reason of this subsection. SEC. 1428. ESTIMATE OF REVENUE REDUCTION.

The Secretary at intervals of not longer than three years shall estimate the reduction in the amount of taxes collected under this subchapter by reason of the operation of paragraph (9) of subsection (b) of section 1426 and shall include such estimate in his annual report. SEC. 1429. RULES AND REGULATIONS.

The Secretary shall make and publish such rules and regulations, not inconsistent with this subchapter, as may be necessary to the efficient administration of the functions with which he is charged under this subchapter. The Commissioner, with the approval of the Secretary, shall make and publish rules and regulations for the enforcement of this subchapter. SEC. 1430. OTHER LAWS APPLICABLE.

1 The words "of the Internal Revenue Code' are omitted.

All provisions of law, including penalties, applicable with respect to any tax imposed by section 2700 or section 1800, and the provisions of section 3661, shall, insofar as applicable and not inconsistent with the provisions of this subchapter, be applicable with respect to the taxes imposed by this subchapter. SEC. 1432. [SHORT TITLE.]

This subchapter may be cited as the "Federal Insurance Contributions Act."

SUBCHAPTER B-EMPLOYMENT BY CARRIERS

Part III–Tax on Employers

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SEC. 1520. RATE OF TAX.

In addition to other taxes, every employer shall pay an excise tax, with respect to having individuals in his employ, equal to the following percentages of so much of the compensation paid by such employer

for services rendered to him after December 31, 1936, as is, with respect to any employee for any calendar month, not in excess of $300: Provided, however, That if an employee is paid compensation

by more than one employer for services rendered during any calendar month after 1936, the tax imposed by this section shall apply to not more than $300 of the aggregate compensation paid to such employee by all such employers

for services rendered during such month, and each employer other than a subordinate unit of a national railway-labor-organization employer shall be liable for that proportion of the tax with respect to such compensation paid by all such employers which the compensation paid by him to the employee for services rendered during such month bears to the total compensation paid by all such employers

to such employee for services rendered during such month; and in the event that the compensation so paid by such employers to the employee for services rendered during such month is less than $300, each subordinate unit of a national railway-labor-organization employer shall be liable for such proportion of any additional tax as the compensation paid by such employer

to such employee for services rendered during such month bears to the total compensation paid by all such employers

to such employee for services rendered during such month:

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2. With respect to compensation paid during the calendar years 1949, 1950, and 1951, the rate shall be 6 per centum;

6 3. With respect to compensation paid after December 31, 1951, the rate shall be 674 per centum.

[For disregard of certain compensation earned in the service of a local lodge or division of a railway labor organization, see section 1532 (e).]

SEC. 1521. ADJUSTMENTS.

If more or less than the correct amount of the tax imposed by section 1520 is paid with respect to any compensation payment, then, under regulations made by the Commissioner with the approval of the Secretary, proper adjustments with respect to the tax shall be made, without interest, in connection with subsequent excise tax payments made by the same employer. SEC. 1522. OVERPAYMENTS AND UNDERPAYMENTS.

If more or less than the correct amount of the tax imposed by section 1520 is paid or deducted with respect to any compensation payment and the overpayment or underpayment of the tax cannot be adjusted under section 1521, the amount of the overpayment shall be refunded, or the amount of the underpayment shall be collected in such manner and at such times (subject to the statute of limitations properly applicable thereto) as may be prescribed by regulations under this subchapter as made by the Commissioner, with the approval of the Secretary.

Part IV-General Provisions

SEC. 1530. COLLECTION AND PAYMENT OF TAXES.

(a) ADMINISTRATION.—The taxes imposed by this subchapter shall be collected by the Bureau of Internal Revenue and shall be paid into the Treasury of the United States as internal revenue collections.

(b) TIME AND MANNER OF PAYMENT.-The taxes imposed by this subchapter shall be collected and paid quarterly or at such other times and in such manner and under such conditions not inconsistent with this subchapter as may be prescribed by the Commissioner with the approval of the Secretary.

(c) ADDITION TO TAX IN CASE OF DELINQUENCY.-If a tax imposed by this subchapter is not paid when due, there shall be added as part of the tax (except in the case of adjustments made in accordance with the provisions of this subchapter) interest at the rate of 6 per centum per annum from the date the tax became due until paid.

(d) FRACTIONAL PARTS OF A CENT.--In the payment of any tax under this subchapter, a fractional part of a cent shall be disregarded unless it amounts to one-half cent or more, in which case it shall be increased to 1 cent. SEC. 1531. ERRONEOUS PAYMENTS.

Any tax paid under this subchapter by a taxpayer with respect to any period with respect to which he is not liable to tax under this subchapter shall be credited against the tax, if any, imposed by subchapter A upon such taxpayer, and the balance, if any, shall be refunded. SEC. 1532. DEFINITIONS. As used in this subchapter

(a) EMPLOYER.—The term "employer” means any carrier (as defined in subsection (h) of this section), and any company which is directly or indirectly owned or controlled by one or more such carriers or under common control therewith, and which operates any equipment or facility or performs any service (except trucking service, casual service, and the casual operation of equipment or facilities) in connection with the transportation of passengers or property by railroad, or the receipt, delivery, elevation, transfer in transit, refrigeration or icing, storage, or handling of property transported by railroad, and any receiver, trustee, or other individual or body, judicial or otherwise, when in the possession of the property or operating all or any part of the business of any such employer: Provided, however, That the term “employer”' shall not include any street, interurban, or suburban electric railway, unless such railway is operating as a part of a general steam-railroad system of transportation, but shall not exclude any part of the general steam-railroad system of transportation now or hereafter operated by any other motive power. The Interstate Commerce Commission is hereby authorized and directed upon request of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, or upon complaint of any party interested, to determine after hearing whether any line operated by electric power falls within the terms of this proviso. The term "employer" shall also include railroad associations, traffic associations, tariff bureaus, demurrage bureaus, weighing and inspection bureaus, collection agencies, and other associations, bureaus, agencies, or organizations controlled and maintained wholly or principally by two or more employers as hereinbefore defined and engaged in the performance of services in connection with or incidental to railroad transportation; and railway labor organizations, national in scope, which have been or may be organized in accordance with the provisions of the Railway Labor Act, as amended [44 Stat. 577; 45 U. S. C., chapter 8], and their State and national legislative committees and their general committees and their insurance departments and their local lodges and divisions, established pursuant to the constitution and bylaws of such organizations. The term "employer” shall not include any company by reason of its being engaged in the mining of coal, the supplying of coal to an employer where delivery is not beyond the mine tipple, and the operation of equipment or facilities therefor, or in any of such activities.

(b) EMPLOYEE.—The term "employee” means any individual in the service of one or more employers for compensation: Provided, however, That the term "employee” shall include an employee of a local lodge or division defined as an employer in subsection (a) only if he was in the service of or in the employment relation to a carrier on or after August 29, 1935. An individual shall be deemed to have been in the employment relation to a carrier on August 29, 1935, if (i) he was on that date on leave of absence from his employment, expressly granted to him by the carrier by whom he was employed, or by a duly authorized representative of such carrier, and the grant of such leave of absence will have been established to the satisfaction of the Railroad Retirement Board before July 1947; or (ii) he was in the service of a carrier after August 29, 1935, and before January 1946 in each of six calendar months, whether or not consecutive; or (iii) before August 29, 1935, he did not retire and was not retired or discharged from the service of the last carrier by whom he was employed or its corporate or operating successor, but (A) solely by reason of his physical or mental disability he ceased before August 29, 1935, to be in the service of such carrier

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and thereafter remained continuously disabled until he attained age 65 or until August 1945, or (B) solely for such last stated reason a carrier by whom he was employed before August 29, 1935, or a carrier who is its successor did not on or after August 29, 1935, and before August 1945 call him to return to service, or (C) if he was so called he was solely for such reason unable to render service in six calendar months as provided in clause (ii); or (iv) he was on August 29, 1935, absent from the service of a carrier by reason of a discharge which, within one year after the effective date thereof, was protested, to an appropriate labor representative or to the carrier, as wrongful, and which was followed within ten years of the effective date thereof by his reinstatement in good faith to his former service with all his seniority rights: Provided, That an individual shall not be deemed to have been on August 29, 1935, in the employment relation to a carrier if before that date he was granted a pension or gratuity on the basis of which a pension was awarded to him pursuant to section 6 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 [50 Stat. 312; 45 U. S. C. 228f], or if during the last payroll period before August 29, 1935, in which he rendered service to a carrier he was not in the service of an employer, in accordance with subsection (d), with respect to any service in such payroll period, or if he could have been in the employment relation to an employer only by reason of his having been, either before or after August 29, 1935, in the service of a local lodge or division defined as an employer in subsection (a).

The term "employee" includes an officer of an employer.

The term "employee” shall not include any individual while such individual is engaged in the physical operations consisting of the mining of coal, the preparation of coal, the handling (other than movement by rail with standard railroad locomotives) of coal not beyond the mine tipple, or the loading of coal at the tipple.

(c) EMPLOYEE REPRESENTATIVE.--The term "employee representative” means any officer or official representative of a railway labor organization other than a labor organization included in the term "employer" as defined in subsection (a), who

was in the service of an employer as defined in subsection (a) and who is duly authorized and designated to represent employees in accordance with the Railway Labor Act, 44 Stat. 577 (U. S.C., Title 45, chapter 8'), as amended, and any individual who is regularly assigned to or regularly employed by such officer or official representative in connection with the duties of his office.

(d) SERVICE.-An individual is in the service of an employer, whether his service is rendered within or without the United States, if (i) he is subject to the continuing authority of the employer to supervise and direct the manner of rendition of his service, or he is rendering professional or technical services and is integrated into the staff of the employer, or he is rendering, on the property used in the employer's operations, other personal services the rendition of which is integrated into the employer's operations, and (ii) he renders such service for compensation: Provided, however, That an individual shall be deemed to be in the service of an employer, other than a local lodge or division 1 The statute reads "c. 18”.

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