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Minnesota:

Weaver Dobson, J. S. Anderson Lumber Co., Minneapolis.
H. K. Nilssen, George A Clark & Son, Minneapolis.
P. W. Anderson, Farwell, Ozum, Kirk & Co., St. Paul.
Globe Elevators, Division of F. H. Peavey & Co., Duluth.

Ben C. McCabe, International Elevator Co., Minneapolis. The elevator companies are good friends of the farmers, but they let their grain spoil on the ground before they had cooperatives.

H. H. Hill, Janney, Semple, Hill & Co., Minneapolis.
Leonard Lampert, Jr., Lampert Lumber Co., St. Paul.
H. G. Dickey, Van Dusen Harrington Co., Minneapolis.
Western Paint & Varnish Co., Duluth.

W. L. Taylor, Wilcox Lumber ('o., Detroit Lakes.
Missouri: Wessel-Shapleigh Hardware Co., St. Louis.
New York: Edwin R. Masback, Jr., Masback Hardware Co., New

York City. North Carolina:

Allison-Erwin Co., Charlotte.

L. D. Nuchols, Charlotte. Ohio:

H. D. Cram, the T. W. Bingham Co., Cleveland.

A. G. Roiabeck, George Withington Co., Cleveland. Pennsylvania:

William Speltz Supplee, Briddle Co., Philadelphia.

E. K. Tryon, Edward K. Tryon Co., Philadelphia. Texas: Ray Grisham, Western Cotton Oil Co., Abilene. Tennessee: R. C. Dickerson, American Cotton Shippers Association,

Memphis.

They would like to boost the price to the farmers if they could only get rid of the co-ops. That is what they are looking forward to.

W. F. Stephenson, Statton-Warren Hardware Co., Memphis. Wisconsin: Edward S. Piitzlass, John Piitzlass Hardward Com

Milwaukee.

The above reports list of 138 are contributors of $500 or more to the National Tax Equality Association in 1949, of whom 43 or 31 percent are power companies.

Mr. Voorhis. And those power companies, incidentally, Congressman Reed, had every opportunity to bring rural electricity to rural America, had they wanted to, and were contemplated as probably being the ones that could do it, but just did not do it. The farmers through their co-ops did it for themselves; and now the power companies don't like it.

Mr. REED. This is a mobilization, through inflammatory literature by a lobbying organization, in an attempt to create a class cleavage between the businessmen and the farmers. But I am not through yet.

Here is another list of contributors. This is for 1950 and for the first quarter of the year ending March 31, 1950.

Quarterly reports filed by the National Tax Equality Association with the Clerk of the House of Representatives, under the Federal

Regulation of Lobbying Act, being reports Nos. 689, 1353, 2945, and
4028. For the first quarter we have the following:
Alabama : Moore-Handley Hardware Co., Birmingham.
California : Baker & Hamilton, San Francisco.
Colorado: The Colorado Milling & Elevator Co., Denver.
Illinois :

International Minerals & Chemical Corp., Chicago.

Uhlmann Grain Co., Chicago.
Iowa: Nichols Wire & Aluminum Co., Davenport.
Kentucky: Kentucky Utilities Company, Inc., Lexington.
Louisiana:

Gulf States Utilities Co., Baton Rouge.
Louisiana Power & Light Co., New Orleans.

New Orleans Public Service, Inc., New Orleans.
Maryland: Consolidated Gas Electric Light & Power Co., Baltimore.
Massachusetts: Samson Cordage Works, Boston.
Michigan: Consumers Power Co., Jackson.
Minnesota:

Bridgeman-Russell Co., Duluth.
Kelly-Howe-Thompson Co., Duluth.
Marsh McLellan, Marshall Wells Co., Duluth.
Fullerton Lumber Co., Minneapolis.
Charles W. Sexton Co., Minneapolis.
St. Paul Fire & Marine Insurance Co., St. Paul.

St. Paul Livestock Exchange, St. Paul.
Another friend of the farmer.
Missouri:

Fresh Milk Institute, St. Louis.

Union Electric Co., St. Louis.
New York:

Association of Casualty and Surety Companies of New York.
Capital Fertilizer Co., New York.
Consolidated Edison Co., New York.

Petroleum Advisers, Inc.
North Carolina:

Allison-Erwin Co., Charlotte.

Carolina Power & Light Co., Raleigh. Ohio:

Cincinnati Gas & Electric Co., Cincinnati.

The Bostwick-Braun Co., Toledo. Pennsylvania :

Atlantic Refining Co., Philadelphia.

Duquesne Light Co., Pittsburgh.
Texas:

Humble Oil & Refining Co., Houston.
Lumbermen's Association of Texas, Houston.
Tex-O'Kan Flower Mills Co., Dallas.
Texas Wholesale Hardware Association, Pearsall.

Zork Hardware Co., El Paso.
Virginia : Smith-Douglass Co., Inc, Norfolk.
Washington: Washington Water Power Co., Spokane.
Wisconsin: Wisconsin Power & Light Co., Madison.

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These are the contributors for the second quarter, ended June 30, 1950. Illinois:

Mr. Emmett Barker, James E. Bennett & Co., Chicago.

Mr. James Norris, Norris Grain Co., Chicago.
Louisiana: Mr. Frank M. Wiskes, Southwestern Gas & Electric Co.,

Shreveport.
Michigan: C. R. Landrigan, Detroit Edison Co., Detroit.
Minnesota : W. M. Trailor, Wilcox Lumber Co., Detroit Lakes.
Missouri:

Mr. Paul D. Bartlett, Hart-Bartlett-Sturtevandt Grain Co., Kan

sas City.

Mr. J. K. Naylor, Pet Milk Co., Kansas City. Nebraska : Mr. Paul C. Gallagher, Paxton-Gallagher Co., Omaha. New Jersey: George H. Blake, Public Service Electric & Gas Co.,

Newark. New York: Thomas H. Truslow, Corning Glass Works, Corning. Ohio: Mr. W. E. Caldwell, Cleveland Twist Drill Co., Cleveland. Pennsylvania: Mr. Edward Torter, Philadelphia Electric Co., Phila

delphia. Tennessee: Bruce Keener, Jr., Knoxville. Virginia:

W.T. Wright, S. F. Royster Guano Co., Norfolk.

Mr. I. D. Dawes, Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corp., Richmond. Wisconsin: G. W. Van Derzee, Wisconsin Electric Power Co., Mil

waukee.

These are the contributors for the third quarter ended September 30, 1950. California:

Wakefield, Baker, & Hamilton, San Francisco.

J. C. Folliard, Sloss & Britain, San Francisco. Colorado: C. A. Burkhart, the Denver Clearinghouse Association,

Denver. Connecticut: C. F. Thompson, Wallace & Sons Manufacturing Co.,

Wallingford.
District of Columbia: Davis Weir, State Loan and Finance Corp.,

Washington.
Florida : McGregor Smith, Florida Power & Light, Co., Miami.
Illinois :

F. K. Cullman, Bowman Dairy Co., Chicago.

A. W. Peake, Standard Oil Co., Chicago. Indiana : R. A. Gallagher, Public Service Co. of Indiana, Indian

apolis. Kentucky: Charles R. Bottorss, Belknap Hardware & Manufacturing

Co., Louisville.
Louisiana : G. M. Andrews, New Orleans Pulic Service, Inc., New

Orleans.
Michigan: Mr. C. R. Landrigan, Detroit Edison Co., Detroit.
Minnesota:

F. Peavey, Hesselefinger, S. H. Peavey & Co., Minneapolis.
H. G. Dickey, Van Dusen-Herrington Co., Minneapolis.
W.L. Taylor, Wilcox Lumber Co., Detroit Lakes.
P. W. Anderson, Farwell, Ozun, Kirk & Co., St. Paul.
John H. Moore, Marshall Wells Co., Duluth.

Missouri:

Frank A. Theis, Simonds, Shields, Theis Grain Co., Kansas City.

Rocky Mountain Grain & Commission Co., Kansas City. Montana:

Paul R. Trigg Elevator Co.

Montana Flower Mills Co.
Nebraska : J. Gordon Roberts, Roberts Dairy Co., Omaha.
North Carolina:

Henry J. Allison, Allison-Erwin Co., Charlotte.

L. D. Nuchols, Charlotte.
North Dakota : Harold Schaffer, Bismark.
Ohio:

H. D. Cran, The T. W. Bingham Co., Cleveland.
Walter C. Beckjord, Cincinnati.

J. B. Poston, Columbus & Southern Ohio Electric Co., Columbus.
Tennessee:
R. C. Dickerson, American Cotton Shippers Association, Mem-

phis. Edmond Orgill, Orgill Bros. Co., Memphis.

W. F. Stephenson, Stockran-Warren Hardware Co., Memphis. Texas:

S. A. Moncreif, Moncreif Lenoir Manufacturing Co., Houston.
H. H. Baker, Humble Oil & Refining Co., Houston.
H. E. Conner, Peden Iron & Steel Co., Houston.
J. B. Thomas, Texas Electric Service Co., Fort Worth.
Jack P. Burrus, Tex-O’Kan Flower Mills, Dallas.
Ray Grisham, Western Cotton Oil Co., Abilene.

S. Žork, Zork Hardware Co.
Utah: J. A. Hale, Utah Power & Light Co., Salt Lake City.
Alabama : Mrs. Una G. Ramsey, Alabama Retail Hardware Associa-

tion, Birmingham. Arkansas: Col. Robert Baker, Fones Bros. Hardware Co., Little Rock. California : Curtis Hayden, Dunham, Carrigan & Hayden Co., San

Francisco.
Michigan:

Robert Walohan, Birch Run.
C. H. Buhl, Buhl Sons Co., Detroit.

E. B. Morley, Morley Bros., Saginaw.
Minnesota:

Ben C. McCabe, International Elevator Co., Minneapolis.

Allan Hill, Janney, Sentle, Hill & Co., Minneapolis. Missouri:

F.J. J. Schanakenburg, St. Louis Cordage Mills, St. Louis.

A. Wessell, Shapleigh Hardware Co., St. Louis. Montana: Frank Bird, Montana Power Co., Butte. New Jersey: Dewitt' J. Paul, Beneficial Industrial Loan Corp.,

Newark. New York:

Wilmot Wheeler, American Chain & Cable Co., New York.

Dr. Edwin R. Masback, Masback, Inc., New York,
North Carolina: N. A. Cooke, Duke Power Co., Charlotte.
Ohio:

M. G. Nussbaum, Swan Rubber Co., Bucyrus.
W.P. Tracy, The Tracy-Wells Co., Columbus.
A. J. Rorabuck, Cleveland.

Pennsylvania: E. K. Tryon, Edward K. Tryon Co., Philadelphia.

I just wanted to give you an idea of the picture of these great friends of farmers throughout the United States who are contributing to this racketeering crowd that is sending out all kinds of scurilous literature. I will have a lot more to say a little later when they put their witnesses on the stand.

That is all, Mr. Chairman.
Mr. CAMP. Mr. Chairman?
The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Camp.

Mr. Camp. Mr. Voorhis, I want to again congratulate you on the help you have given this committee. I am always glad to have you come to see us.

Mr. VOORHIS. Thank you.

Mr. CAMP. I, like all the other members of this committee, receive these letters that we have referred to; and I am convinced that the businessmen of my section, small-business men and larger-business men, are under a false impression regarding cooperatives.

Mr. VOORHIS. I am convinced that they are.

Mr. Camp. They are honestly of the belief that their competition, as represented by the cooperatives, are escaping taxes entirely.

Mr. Voorhis. That is what they think.
Mr. CAMP. And they are honest in that belief.
Mr. VOORHIS. Yes.

Mr. Camp. Now I think that that challenges the cooperatives of America to come here and ask that a clarifying law be passed so that you can rid the minds of our business people of this false impression. I was hoping that the cooperatives would get together and stop this kind of declaring of dividends and allocations to the farmers, without paying the money to him.

Now, there is your trouble. Everybody knows that on that you pay to the farmers in cash the farmer is bound to pay taxes on it on his personal income-tax return. But there are some of these cooperatives that send the farmers a paper on which they say, “We have allocated to your account on the books of our company $94.61, which is yours. We hope you will leave it here, and if you don't answer we will take it to mean that you will leave it here to be used by the cooperative."

Now, that is the thing, if I may say so, that is the milk in the coconut, and I think that is the thing you have put your finger right on. I think a lot of these cooperatives are paying their tax right now.

a There are a lot of them, I think, that do not declare an allocated diridend. I think there are many fine cooperatives in this country that are paying every cent of taxes that they owe, but the public does not know it and the public would not believe it if I were to tell them that.

Now what you folks need to do—and this is just my own opinion, of course—is to meet this thing squarely. You need to say, “We are going to pay to the farmer his dividend which we do not have to pay any tax on, and we will let him pay the tax. And we will pay tax on the profit we retain, the amount we retain, whether you call it profit or whether you call it the accumulation, or whatever you call that money.” If you folks did something that would clarify that and would then let us go out and say, “I do not want to hear any more about that, the cooperatives are paying all they owe,” if you could do that for us, it would be the greatest favor that was ever done for the Ways

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