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THE

LONDON MAGAZINE,

FOR MARCH, 1776.

ac

For the LONDON MA GAZI N E.
An Account of a Subterraneous Cavern, lately discovered at Stonehouse, near

Plymouth.
To the Right Honourable Lord EDGECUMBE.
My Lord,

Plymouth-Dock, March 1, 1776.
Have the honour of can measure, about ten feet high, le-

communicating to your ven broad, twenty two long : though I

Lordship, an account, there is an opening, which, on which i took on the count of its narrowness, we could spot, of a subterranean not well exainine, and in all probabicavern, lately discover- lity it has a dangerous flexure. In

ed in your Lordship's each side of this Tent Cave is a clest; demesos at Stonehouse. The place, the right runs horizontally inwards at a considerable extent round, as your ten feet, the left measures fix by four, Lordihip well knows, belonged for. The sides of the cave are every where merly to the Monks : part of the wall deeply and uncouthly indented, and that inclosed their garden is still to be here and there strengthened with seen. The cavern was accidentally ribs, naturally formed, which placed discovered by some miners in blowing at a due distance from each other, up a contiguous rock of marble. The give some ideas of futed pillars in old aperture, disclosed by the explosion, churches. was about four feet in diameter, and In a direct line from this cave to the looked not unlike a hole bored with opposite point, is a road 30 feet long, an auger. It was covered with a The descent is steep and rugged, eibroad Hat stone cemented with lime ther from stones thrown into it from and sand; and twelve feet above it ahove, since the discovery, or from the ground seemed to have been made fragments that have fallen off at difwith rubbish brought thither, for ferent times, from different places bewhat purpose I know not, unless it low. This road is very strongly but were for that of concealment. Here rudely arched over, and niany holes indeed, but here only, we saw some on both sides are to be seen, but being appearance of art, and vestige of ma. very narrow do not admit of remote sonry. The hill itself, at the nor- inspection or critical scrutiny. thern side of which this vault was Having scrambled down this deep found, confifts, for the most part, of descent, we arrive at a natural arch lime stone, or rather marble.

of gothic-like structure, which is four From the mouth of this cave (thro' feet from side to side, and six feet which we descended by a ladder) to high. Here some petrefactions are the first base, or landing place, is 26 seen depending. On the right of this feet. At this base is an opening, arch is an opening like a funnel, into bearing N. w. by W. to which we which a nender person might creep i have given the name of Tent Cave. on the left is another correspondent It resembles a tent at its base, and in fannel, the course of which is oblique, its circumference, and stretches up- and the end unknown. wards, somewhat pyramidically, to an Beyond this gothic pile is a large jnvisible point. ii is, as far as we space, to which the arch is an en.

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116

Letter to Lord Edgecumbe cn trance. This space, or inner room, it. At the bottom of this vault, in a (for lo we have termed it! is ui teet place not readily observed, is another long, !o broad, 25 highi. Its fides well of water, the depth of which, on liave many large excavations, and account of its situation, cannot be leie two columns, which seem to be a well fathomed, nor the breadth of it mass of petrefactions, projeEt confide- ascertained. rally. On the furfaces of those pillars, While the miners were expioring below, are seen some fantastic protu.' those gloon:y and grotesque regions, berances, and on the hanging roofs they were alarmel at a murmuring above, fome crystal drops that have found that seemed to come from the been petrified in their progress. Be- hollows of the cave: and one of them tween those columns is a charm capa- who chanced to be near the largest ble of containing three or four men. well with a candle in his hand, law at

Returning from this room, we pere that inftant, the water rise about half a ceive on the left hand, an avenue 30 foot. This phænomenon then could not feet long, naturally foored with clay, be explained: but now we think that azadi vaulted with tone. It bears the several wells are nearly on a level, S. S, W. and before we have crept and that the waters Mape their course through it, we see a passage of difficult towards the sea, and mix withit in Mill. access and dangerous investigation. Bay,at the distance of four hundred and it runs forward 25 feet, and opens twelve feet. It is not certain whether over the vault 30 feet high near the those wells, though they lie below the largest well. Opposite to this passage extremity of the line stone, have a are two caverns, both on the right mutual communication or no': but it band. The first bears N. W. by W. is highly probable, as the bottom of and running forwards in a straight line the largest well is clay, and its fides about 20 feet, forms a curve that are melty late, that there are springs, verges somewhat to the N. E. Here and it is certain that this helvy vein we walk and creep in a winding of nate, nearly of the same kind and couise from cell to cell, till we are colour with some seen at Mount Edgetopped by a well of water, the breadth cumbe on the opposite 1ore, is conand depth of which are as yet not tinued even to the sea, where two, fully known. This winding cavern is openings at low water have been three feet wide, in some parts fire found, through which it is probable feet high, in some eight. Returning the water of the great well discharges to the avenue we find adjoining to this itself. When the tide rises, it is precavern, but separated by a large and sumed that the preliure of the sea mally partition of ttone, the second without retards the course of the cavern running west, and by descend- water within, and this may account, ing nown some finall piles of lime- for the rise and fall so manifett at dif. alone, or rather broken rocks, the ferent times of founding: and the bottom here being theivy llate, or same circumstance is obseried also in a more properly a combination of late well near the old French prilon, in and lime-Itone, we discover another the environs of Plymouth. well of water. This is the largest. Each cavern has its arch, each arch The depth of it is in one place 23 is strong, and in general curious. The feet, ihe width uncertain. Opposite way to che largest well is, in one part, to this well, on the left handt, hy roofed with folid and smooth stone, mounting over a small ridge of rock's not unlike the arch of an oven. No covered with wet and flippery clay, one seemed to be affected ly the damps we enter a vault feet broad, 18 long, till he came lither, and then the 30 high. Here, towards the S. E. a candles grew dim, and one of the inroad, not ealy of ascent, runs up. vestigators, as well as myself, felt un. wards 72 feet towards the surface of ulival and uneasy sensations. Howthe earth, and so near to it, that the ever, since an opening has been made sound of the voice, or of a nallet near the arch of the great well, and withiin, might be distinctly heard witli- the air has had a much freer access

, no out: in consequence of which such symptoms have been perceived. very large opening has been made into It is very likely that the hill itself iş

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a

hollow;

1776. .

A new discovered subterranean Cavern.

117. hollow ; some of the caverns have re- pose. I therefore beg leave to congraCiprocal communications; but the fulate your Lordship on the discovery clefts are often too narrow for accurate of this water, which, though there inspection or minute enquiry. The was no want before, cannot fail to be water here and there is still dripping, a valuable acquisition to your town of and incrustations, usual in such grot- Stonehouse; a place very delightful, tos, coat the surface of the walls in and superior to most for the beauty of some places. There are some whim. its profpects, and the elegancy of its fical likenesses, which the pen need ftuation, and wbat is still better, for not describe nor the pencil delineate. the goodness of the air ; as the lonMr. Cookworthy of Plymouth, a very gevity of the inhabitants sufficiently ingenious man, and an excellent chy.' evinces. I have the honour to be, mist, has been so obliging as to ana

My Lord, lize the water of the three wells, and Your Lordship’s most obedient and bas found, by mary experiments, that

obliged humble servant, it is very soft, and fit for every pur

FRANCIS Geach.

For the LONDON MAGAZINE.

THE BRITISH THEATRE.

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Marcbs.

Aspin, a friend of the Rubrick family, in AST night a new comedy of two acts, which Letitia, a cousin of Eliza's, underperformed for ihe first time at the theatre roy- modern dressed phyfician, to co-operate with at in Drury Lane : the characters were as fol. them, in a scheme for defeating the proposed low, and thus personated :

match between Doyley and Eliza. Letitia, Rubrick, Mr. King.

in her new character, introduces herself to Doyley, Mr. Parsons.

Doyley and persuades him that he is troubled Alpin,

M. Baddeley. with almost every disorder, known or descris Dr. Machoof, Mr. Moody.

bed in the Materia Medica. In the midst Jack Rubrick, Mr. Paimer.

of this scene between the relt-created vale. Merren, Mr. Brereton.

tudinarian, and the female mock doctor, Foijo,

Mr. Whitcheld. Alpin, as had been before concerted, makes Mrs. Rubrick, Mrs. Hopkins. his appearance, and charges Doctor Anodyne Eliz!, Miss P. Hopkins.

with having a very improper intimacy with Llitia, Mrs. King.

Eliza, no less than paling more than one Tabitha, Mrs. Love.

night in her bedchamber. Doyley, alarmed Maid, Mrs. Davies.

at so strong an appearance of criminality, enTHE scene of this petty piece is partiy deavours to recede from his engagement; laid in London and partly in Illington : the and to recover the bond which he had given ftory is shortly this: Elizi, the daughter of in aflurance of the performance of his conRubrick, a bookseller in Paternoster-Row, tract. While this matter occupies the conis by her father contracted to Doyley, an fiderarion of the parties, Merton and Eliza old woollen-draper, behind St. Clement's make their appearance, and Doyley, anxious church; but previous to the time the action to get rid of so disagreeable an affair, concommences, is secretly married to Merton, a sents to forfeit half the penalty. The prihalf.pay officer, ar.d an intimate companion vate marriage between Merton and Eliza is of sack Rubrick, Eliza's brother. The then confessed, the parents are reconciled, piece opens with a scene between Merton and Doctor Anodyne gives some falutary advice young Rubrick, in which the former explains to Doyley, and the piece ends. his true fituation to his friend and brother- This piece has very little merit, either in in-law, in confidence; acquaints him, that respect of plot or character. The former is he had been forbid his father's house; and trifling, uninteresting, and improbable; and consults him on the most feasible means of though some of the characters are taken effe&ing a reconciliation. Jack sympathises from real life, they fail to Atrike, because with Merton, and aflures him, that he will they are neither strongly marked nor happily do every thing in his power to extricate him tele&ted. The second act is unsufferably from his present embarras. This gives birth long, and the intended effect of the principal to a scheme contrived by Jack Rubrick, and iccae between Anodyne and Doyley, is to

tally

tally loft; and the audience are obliged to of vicw at the same inftant. It was done, endure it with disgufto The Dramatis we presume, with intention of giving the Personæ are too numerous, and more than character the air of originality; but we are one half of them ferve only to crowd the of opinion, that the attempt would have sucftage and interrupt the business of the play, ceeded much better, and the effect been much by which means it is divided and broken stronger, if this amateur of fines, lines, into such a variety of parts, that the auditor angles, segments, and tangents, had displayed has scarcely any leading object on which to his fcientific knowledge in one scene and his fix his attention or to rest his judgement, tase for the ton in another. Mr. Palmer

Rubrick is the only good character that had little more to do than to preserve a rapid the author has attempted; but the trait is utterance, and appear in good spirits ; those rather' imperfectly conceived, and Novenly requisites he certainly poflified, and was of executed. It is certainly done after an ori

course well received in the part. ginal; but it is equally certain, that it wants Merton had little to say, and less to do, that degree of expresion and colouring and was therefore very characteristically perwhich copies require, in order to preserve formed by Mr. Brereton. the intended likeness. And so far from Mrs. Rubrick was no bad draught of the thinking that Rubrick is a caricature, we are wite of a citizen of the middle class. Mrs. of opinion, that the author would have suc. Hopkins filled the part with great propriety. ceeded better, if he had drawn with a freer She preserved all that vulgar bauteur that acand a boider hand. It is unnneceifary to re- quired wealth is ape 10 inspire; and displayed mark, that Mr. King did justice to the part, that avidity for fashionable amusements and looked as consequential and as buckwh, as that frequently springs up in ininds in if he had been just returned from caring a which toii and narrow circumstances have debate in the House of Commons on literary depreilicd, not extinguished it in the more property affairs.

early periods of life. The character of Doyley is evidently bor- Eliza is a modern young lady, modernly rowed from Moliere. It has no degree of in love, and we applaud the poetical justice novelty, nor is the situation Doyiey is intro- of Mr. Colman, in giving her a modern duced into, at all improved or varied, in half pay officer, for her caro Sposo. The order to give it the appearance of what it old reiailer of remnants is we think very pro-, really has not. Mr. Parlons made as much perly compelled to enable this deserving of it as it wuld bear, and if it was deficient young mari, io lay a cool hundred at the 10 perton could impute any part of its dll fuc. Bedtord or the Rose ; and if Mr. Colman, cefs to him.

in imitation of Mr. Gay, should oblige the The character of Machoof is well con- town with a second part of The Spleen, we ceived, and puts us in mind of those swarms Thall probably find the fanily of the Ruof Scotch porters and pestle and mortar men bricks thus disposed of; Mrs. Nierton on the from Edinburgh, which infeft this metropo- ton; Merton in the King's-bench prison lis, under the appellation of doctors gene. starving ; Mrs. Rubrick dead of poverty and a rated from surgeon's mates. They were broken heart; the young Cantab in full por. Ipawned during the late war, they were feffion of a curacy of thirty pounds a year, brought into actual existence by Scoich in- and old Rubrick keeping a pamphlet shop, fiuence, and they have arived at their present and married to his maid. Such we are sure state of maturity, through the natural in ought to be the effects of a modern educadolence and credulity of the people of this tion, in the middle walks of life, and such country. Mr. Moody however seemed to we believe are very frequenily the consequenafiet ihe manner of an Irith tooth-drawer, ces of breeding up our youih to be imall much more than that of a Scotch farrier. gentry, instead of teaching them to be fober

Young Rubrick, though generally given the substantial citizens, and uleful creditable first place in this little dramatic groupe, is members of society. nut, in our opinion, entitled to it; the tech- Mrs. Tabitha makes several pertinent nical terms of a very abftrule dry science, observations, of the same tendency with what do nui come very naturally from the mouth of we have now hinted. They are natural and a mai, who seems to have furrendered his just, and were certainly delivered in a very thoughts, and directed his whe atiention to proper manner by Mrs. Love, and in the very the fufhionable plealures of the town, and Ipirit in which they were wrote. the lordid follies of Newmarket. But sup- The character of Letitia, or rather the pafing inatibis double character could natu- business the author has assigned her in this rally sublist togeiber in the same person, or piece, is improbable. The disguise was inthat one of them was nothing more than a troduced by way of seasoning, but in our opin burrowed appearance, the mere result of af. nion it savoured more of the gallipot, than fecłation, we cannot applaud theauthor's judge of joy or cayenne. Mr. Colman's extensive merit in bringing the mathematician and the acquaintance with dramatic writing and the kero of the iuri forward, in the same point fage effect, or his solicitude io avoid the apa

pearance

1776. PARLIAMENTARY HISTORY

119 pearance of plagiarism, perbaps suggested the author a preference over the greater part of idea. The denouement, however, might the prefent formidable body of modern playhave been better accomplished by other wrights. means; and Alpin, Jack Rubrick, or Mac- March 18. Mr. Webster appeared on Sahouf, would have answered the other pur- turday night at the theatre royal in Covent pose, ibat of exposing the imaginary illness of Garden for the first time as a vocal performDoyley, without doing that open violence to er, in the masque of Comus, Great ex

every rule of living manners, or even dra- pectations were formed of his excellence in • matic probability. Mrs. King performed the ihis walk; but the public appeared to be

part of Anodyne extremely well; and spoke rather disappointed. His voice is certainly the epilogue with great propriety and charac- pleasing and contains great variety, but he teristic spirit. The herd of critics refused seems to want feeling and expression. As in ber the applause she was justly entitled to: playing, his conception never reaches beyond they forgot perhaps, that Mrs. King's confi. the languid and correct; so bis singing is dent and unfeeling glare was perfectly nalu. deftituie of that grace, warmth, energy, and ral from an empty, modern, medical coxe animation, which are no less effential to the comb. On the whole, we pronounce The true effect of harmony, than native passion is Spleen to bave several traits of real character to a first rate tragedian. Those advantages in it. The author has certainly proved him- are only to be derived from nature; and we felt to be possessed of the powers of discrimi- venture to pronounce, that if he does not Dation and dramatic conception; but he open a second intercourle with that bountiful either wanted judgement to arrange them, or lady, he will never answer the expectations abilities to give us one finished portrait. Yet the town, as well as his friends, were first after all we are inclined to hope, that if he inclined to form of him. had improved the fable and had lengthened Mrs. Farrel, and Miss Weller, were well the piece into a comedy of five acts, he received in this celebrated masque; the fore would have succeeded much better; for with mer as linging with equal judgment and corall its faults it is evident, that most of the rectness, and the latter with infinite grace characters in The Spleen are taken from real and delicacy of expression, though her pwers lite; which, in our opinion, so far as such a in other relpects at present seem to be Tequifite can be supposed to operate, gives the Jimited.

PARLIAMENTARY HISTORY.

ON

An Abstract History of the Proceedings of the second Selfion of the fourteenth Par.

liament of Great Britain. Continued from our Magazine for the Month of February laji, p. 62.

HOUSE of LORD S.
N the 15th of November, the cial army. This likewise passed in

Duke of Gralton basing given the negative, without a division. His previous notice of an intended motion Grace moved two other propositions, to be directed for the purpose of pro- directed to the same object, which met curing information respecting the the same fare; and carried only the present ftate of America, moved, fiftli, which was for the last returns of that the last returns of the army fer- the army serving in Great Britain and ving in America, specifying the num- Ireland, as received in the office of the ber of troops employed, anu where ita: secretary at war. tioned ; together with an account of The several motions that were re. the several reinforcements now pro. jected, were opposed on the ground, ceeding, or under actual orders for that either they could not be complied that country, be laid before that with ; or that agreeing to them would House. This proposition having re- be very improper, as conveying inceived a negative, his Grace followed telligence to our enemies. On the it with another, defiring that the first head, it was faid, that it was imsecretary of state, in whole department possible that administration could it was, might lay before the House know any thing of the ftrength or whatever information he may have re. numbers of the rebel army, having no ceived respecting the state, number, intercourse with them directly or indiand military strength of the provin: rectly; that it was an insult to the

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