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Dubdalethy III., 1050–55

() Colgan says he wrote an account of the archbishops of Ar

magh to his own time. Cumasach O'Herudan, 1065. Resig. eod. Mælisa Mac Amalgaid, 1065—1092

Visited Munster in 1069. Donald Mac Amalgaid, 1092–1106

(51) He made in 1093 a visitatorial circuit through Cinel Eogain, and another through Munster in 1094. (Here end al catalogues derived from the Psalter of Cashel.)

Celsus, 1106_1129
Maurice, 1129_1134

Malachy O'Morgair, 1134–1137. Resigned, (appointed by Celsus)
Gelasius Mac Roderic, 1137–1174, (appointed by Malachy)
Cornelius Mac Concalede, 1174-1175
Gilbert O'Caran, 1175-1180
Mælisa O'Carrol, 1184, Ob. eod. He died on his journey to Rome

to solicit the pope's confirmation, in compliance with the doctrine and practice in this matter introduced into Ireland a

short time previously by Malachy, &c. Amlave O'Murid, 1184_1185 Thomas O'Connor, 1185-1201


Eugene Mac Gillivider, 1206—1216

This appears to have been the first primate of Ireland who was indebted for his elevation to a papal appointment, on the occasion mentioned at p. 619 sup. One result of the power which began after this to be exercised in all such appointments by the kings of England and the popes of Rome, was this, that few Irishmen, (or almost none of them,) were ever permitted to enjoy the distinction of primates in their own isle, but rather Englishmen, or others from beyond sea, as may easily appear even from inspection of the names which occur in the succeed. ing part of this catalogue.

(Vid. H. W. 62, 63) Luke Netterville, Archdeacon of Armagh, 1220-1227. Elected by

the chapter but rejected by the king for want of a Conge d'elire, (or king's license to proceed to election.) On a new election after a “Conge" had been granted, he was re-elected ; confirmed afterwards by the king and pope, and consecrated by Stephen Langton

(64, 65) Donat O'Fidabra, 1227_1237, Bishop of Clogher. The pope, Gre

gory IX., appointed another, one Nicholas, a canon of Armagh. But Donat had possession first. He visited Rome in 1237. He was translated and obtained the royal assent

(65) Albert of Cologne, 1240. Resigned 1247. The see lay vacant three

years, king Henry III. endeavouring to have Robert Archer a Dominican appointed. At last Albert was consecrated by the bishop of Worcester in presence of the king and the pope's legate." He was fond of advancing the pope's usurped power,

which brought him under the king's displeasure". (65, 66) Reiner, a Dominican friar, consecrated at Rome, 1247—1256. He

never returned to Ireland, but died in Rome in 1256 (66) Abraham O'Connellan, 1257—1260, elected, (having been archpresby

ter of Armagh) and confirmed by the king: but not content with these titles, applied for his provision, and obtained it and

the pall, and the temporalities also after a struggle.. (67) Patrick O'Scanlain, 126! – 1270, Bishop of Raphoe, and Dominican

friar. Elected with the king's leave, and confirmed by the Nicholas Mac Molissä, 1972–7303. He was an inveterate enemy

to such Englishmen as were preferred to bishoprics in this kingdom;" and did all in his power to annoy and resist them. He became the head of an extraordinary ecclesiastical club, formed among the bishops of that day under his influence,

concerning which, see the Article next following (69, 70) John Taaf, 1305—1306. One Michael, a Franciscan friar, was elected

by the Dean and Chapter, and obtained the royal assent; but was never consecrated. After a vacancy of three years J. T. succeeded by papal provision, and was consecrated, but died at Rome in 1306 without having seen his see after his consecra

(71) Walter de Jorse, 1306--1311. Resigned ; a Dominican friar, brother to

Th. Jorse Cardinal of St. Sabina, consecrated by Nicholas Cardinal of Ostium ; promoted by a provisional bull, which he renounced afterwards

(72) In his days raged the controversy about the carrying of the

cross erect between the Archbishops of Armagh and Dublin. Roland Jorse, 1311–1321, resigned; a Dominican friar, brother of

Walter, succeeded by Pope's provision ; was consecrated by Berenger, bishop of Tusculum, and obtained restitution of the temporalities. He resigned the archbishopric on the 20th of March, 1321, being it seems grieved on account of the impo verishing of his see by the ravages and devastations of Bruce and his Scots, and the perpetuai demand of the pope for the fees of his promotion

(80) Stephen Segrave, 1322—1333, Rector of the church of Stepney near

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London, elected Dean of Lichfield 1320; and for a time Chancellor of the University of Cambridge; succeeded by provision of pope John XXII. in 1322, and confirmed by King Edward II. after having first renounced his bulls

(81) David O'Hiraghty, 1334 – 1346, consecrated at Avignon, and con

firmed by the king. He made preparation for attending Parliament in 1337, but not being able to carry his cross erect, &c.,

took occasion to absent himself Richard Fitzralph, 1347—1360, born at Dundalk; educated at Ox

ford under the tuition of J. Bakenthorp, a great enemy of the begging friars ; Chancellor of Oxford ; Dean of Lichfield. Advanced by papal provision ; consecrated at Exeter

(82) The writings of this famous prelate have been already noticed at pp. 589, 654, 655

sup. Besides the Edition of his Defensorium Curatorum referred to in those places, there is another in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, printed in 1633. The title more fully given is Richardi Archpi. Armachani Hyberniæ primatis Defensorium Curatorum adversus eos qui privilegiatos se dicunt, habitum in Avenione in consistorio coram D. Papa Innocentio VI and D. D. Card ac Prælatis, anno Xti. 1537, &c. Parisiis 1633. In this edition, the conclusions given at p. 654, sup. commence at pag. 2, last line ; and the quotation relative to the friars' audacious practices (p. 589 sup.) at p. 39.

Besides the passages of this work already given as illustrations of its contents, one other of a sufficiently curious and interesting character may be here subjoined, from p. ll of the edition of 1633. It refers to the irregularities in ecclesiastical discipline caused by the interference of the mendicant orders : I have," says the writer, “as I reckon, in my diocese of Armagh, two thousand subjects, who by reason of the sentences of excommunication annually enacted against wilful homicides, public robbers, inrendiaries, and other such characters, have become involved in sentences of excommunication ; out of whom there scarcely come fourteen in the year to me or my penitentiaries : and all such persons receive the sacraments like other people, and are spoken of as absolved ; and this by none other but the friars. Not a doubt of it, when no others absolde them, they are yet said to be absolved." In connection with these remarks he applies to them that saying of St. Paul in Rom. i., that “ They who do such things are worthy of

death, and not they only, but also those who have pleasure in Milo Sweetman, 1361–1380. Treasurer to the Cathedral of Kil.

kenny; declared Archbishop of Armagh by Pope Innocent VI.



John Colton, 1382—1404. Resigned. Was born in Norfolk; educated

at Cambridge ; Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin ; for a time Lord Chancellor and Lord Justice of Ireland; advanced to Armagh by provision of the pope, and restored his temporalities by the king; he was also employed as ambassador from Richard II. to the court of Rome. His reputation for learning, virtue,

and amiability was very great. See p. 1063 not. sup. (84) Nicholas Fleming. Succ. 1404. Ob. 1416. A secular priest ; was de

clared archbishop by Pope Boniface IX. ; sent as his proctor to the Council of Constance in 1415

(85) John Swayn, 1417. Resigned 1439. Rector of Galtrim in Meath;

consecrated at Rome about the beginning of February, 1417. His advancement was effected by provision of Martin III., recently made pope. He was afterwards, in the year 1421, sent by the parliament into England along with Sir Christopher Preston, to lay before Henry V. an account of the state of Ireland, and of the many grievances requiring to be redressed in that land. In 1429, 1435, 1436, 1437, and 1438, being summoned to attend parliaments in Leinster, he made returns excusing his non-attendance on the ground that he would not be permitted by the Archbishop of Dublin to appear with his cross erect within the limits of his province. (Vid. pp. 630, 631 sup.)

(85) John Prene, 1439–1443, Archdeacon of Armagh; was appointed primate by provision of Pope Eugene IV.

(86) John Mey, 1444 1456, Official of the

court of Meath, and vicar of the parish churches of Delvin and Kilmessan, ibid. ; advanced by Pope Eugene IV.; had the same kind of work as his two pre decessors relative to parliaments in Leinster ; he granted 40 days' indulgence to all contributors to the great bell and repairs of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. He acted as deputy to the Earl of Ormond, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in A.D. (

) John Bole, 1457–1470; Abbot of Navan, in which office he pro

cured some indulgences from Pope Nicholas V. for the friends of his abbey. Edward IV. confirmed his privileges in the see of Armagh


* In the petition of the Irish Parliament to hienry V., among other things they include complaints against the native enemies ; and “ as the Irish who ha homage to King Richard, long since taken arms against the English, notwithstanding their recognizances payable in the apostolic chamber, they beseech his highness to lay their conduct before the pope, and to prevail on the holy Father to proclaim a crusade against them."-Lel. 2, 14. Rot. Tur. Berm.

John Foxalls ; after a four years' vacancy, the archbishopric was

conferred on this individual by Pope Sixtus IV. He was a Franciscan. His death took place in England in the second year after his consecration; nor does it seem that he ever saw

the diocese which he had been appointed to superintend (87) Edmund Connesburgh, 1477. Resigned 1479. King Edward IV.

commanded the Lord Deputy and all his subjects to acknow. ledge no archbishop but him; the pope, it seems, being minded

to displace him Octavian de Palatio, a Florentine, D.C.L., advanced by Pope Sixtus

IV., having administered the see under his predecessor, and having induced him upon certain conditions to resign in his favour. Succ. 1480, ob. 1513. In one particular he is not to be named without due honour, that when King Henry VII. was deserted by most of the men of power in Ireland, he never could be persuaded to depart from his allegiance or join in their disloyal proceedings

(88) John Kite, 1613. Resigned 1521. Born in London ; for a time ambas

sador from King Henry to Spain; advanced by provision of

Pope Leo X. i confirmed by the king George Cromer, 1522, ob. 1542, ** succeeded," and was consecrated in England ; Lord Chancellor of Ireland in 1532

(91) George Dowdall

, 1543-1558 ; a native of Louth ; succeeded by interest of the Lord Deputy St. Leger; consecrated by mandate of Henry VIII. During his time Robert Waucop assumed the title of primate of Ireland under the patronage of the pope ; sup. and Art. XXVI. inf.)

(92) but was not acknowledged in Ireland, although sitting as an Irish archbishop in the Council of Trent. (Vid. pp. 714, seqq.

In a provincial Synod holden at Drogheda by this prelate in A.D. 1556, he obtained for husbandmen and labourers a regulation allowing them to work on certain festivals. The enactment in question is referred to in the minutes of the titular provincial synod subsequently held in Drogheda in A.D. 1614, in the following terms :--"A statute and ordinance hath been

*“ Octavian de Palatio, primate of Armagh, though a foreigner, and unconnected with the Irish factions, seems to have at first joined in the confederacy, but to have speedily repented and receded." -Leland, ii. 77. A papal bull was directed to the prelates who had not joined the rebellion “ to inflict the usual ecclesiastical censures on the delinquent clergy, in which number were involved the primate of Ar. magh, (though he had refused to assist at the coronation of Simnel.) the archbishop of Dublin, and the

prelates of Meath and Kildare." Lel. ii. 86. See also Rymer, and pp. 1102–1104, sup.

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