« PreviousContinue »
ing four miles square, each square taking up one mile, having six gates and eight palaces, as the former, in which are kept the grand Khan's provisions. And between these two walls are many fair trees, and meadows, stored with many beasts. Within this is the grand Khan's palace, the greatest that ever was seen, confining with the wall abovesaid on the north and south. The matter and form thereof is of such cost and art, with such appurtenances of pleasure and state, as were too long here to recite He, for a superstitious fear, suggested by his astrologers, of a rebellion which sometime should be raised against him in Cambalu, built a new city. near thereunto, called Taidu, twenty-four miles in, compass, and yet not able to receive the inhabitants, of the old city; whence he removed such as might move suspicion, hither. This city was built by line, in four squares, each whereof contained six miles and three gates, so straight, that upon the wall of. one gate, one might see the gate right against it. In the midst of the city is a great bell, which is rung in the night, to warn them to keep within doors. The great Khan hath 12,000 horsemen, under four captains, to his guard. He keepeth leopards, wolves, and lions, to hunt with, and with them to take wild asses, bears, harts, &c. and one sort of eagles able to catch wolves. The two masters of his hunting game had ten thousand men under each of them;
the one part clothed in red, the other in sky-colour, And when the emperor hunteth, one of these captains goeth with his men and dogs on the righthand, the other on the left, compassing a great quantity of ground, that not a beast can escape them. From October to March, they are bound daily to send in a thousand head of beasts and birds. He hath also, when he travelleth, ten thousand falconers, divided in divers companies, himself abiding in a chamber carried upon four elephants, whence he may see the game, having also his tents pitched for his solace near thereby. None may carry bawk or hunting-dog out of his dominion, nor may hawk or hunt near the court, by many days journeys; nor at all in their times of breeding, from March to. October
But he that list to be more fully informed herein, let him read M. Paulus and others, which have written of this argument. It is religion to us, further to suspend our discourse of religion,
The portion which Hakluyt contributed to these four volumes, amounts perhaps, in the whole, to about a volume; and consists of his MS. remains, of which Purchas got possess sion, and which he has dispersed in different places throughout the work. Hakluyt was descended of an ancient family at Eyton in Herefordshire, and born in 1553. He was educated at Westminster, and at Christ Church in Oxford ; and was famous for his extensive knowledge of the naval history of England. That he might prosecute his favourite studies to greater advantage, he made himself master, at Oxford, not only of the Latin and Greek, but of the Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and French languages; he became so distinguished for his skill in geography, and the branches of science and information connected with it, that he was appointed to read lectures on those subjects in the university; and was the first who introduced maps, globes, spheres, and other instruments relating to the same sciences, into the common schools.
Besides his MS. remains, interspersed witli Purchas's writings, the public is indebted to him for several other works; as 1. A Collection of Voyages and Discoveries, published in 1582, 2. A translation from the French of “ The notable History of Florida.” 1587. edition of the De Orbe Novo of Peter Martyr, illustrated with marginal notes, a commodious
3. A new
index, a map of New England and America; 1587. 4. His Naval History of Britain, his most important work, was published in 1589, in one vol. folio. In this he has amassed, translated, and digested all voyages, journals, narratives, patents, letters, instructions, &c. relative to the English navigations. He died in 1616.
2. Purchas was likewise the author of two or three other works. 1. Purchas his Pilgrim. 2. Microcosmus, or the History of Man, &c. Meditated on the words of David, Psalm 39. 5. being a funeral sermon. 3. The King's Tower and Triumphant Arch of London.
Robert Burton, author of the Anatomy of Melancholy, son of Ralph Burton, of an ancient and genteel family at Lindley in Leicester shire, was born in 1576. He was initiated in learning at Sutton Coldfield, in Warwick, shire, whence he was removed, in 1593, to Brazen-nose College, Oxford. In 1599, he was elected student of Christ Church, and the vicarage of St. Thomas, in the west suburb of Oxford, was conferred upon him by the dean and canons of Christ Church; as likewise the rectory of Segrave in Leicestershire, in 1636, , by George, Lord Berkeley. He died at his college of Christ Church, in 1639-40, at or very near the time which he had some years before foretold, from the calculation of his own nativity. "The time," says Wood, “be ing exact, several of the students did not for