« PreviousContinue »
The above engraving does not, like many It is only interesting as representing the have perused the work by which he has of our embellishments, recommend itself residence of one who must be known by immortalized himself. If, as we believe, to the notice of our readers, by the natural name to most of our readers, and who has it is the prerogative of genius alone, to or architectural beauties which it depicts. I ever been a great favourite with all who throw fascination and interest over a tri
vial subject, or a dry detail, we need not doing, use him as though you loved him; laughter.) Perhaps some honourable gentlewonder at the rank which Isaac Walton that is, harm him as little as you may
men, who were interested in such matters, enjoys in the estimation of posterity. His possibly, that he may live the longer."
would get up in their places, and propose that work on angling has been the delight of This is perhaps as singular a case of iron! (Shouts of laughter.) For his part, if
one or two of these bridges should be built of every “ brother of the angle," and of self-deception as the records of biography this passed, he would move for leave to bring every man of taste, since its first
exhibit. Dr. Paley resembled Walton, in half a dozen more bills, for building bridges The simplicity of its style, the ge- we believe, in this peculiarity of his cha- at Chelsea, and at Hammersmith, and at nuine love of nature which it displays, the racter, as well as in its simplicity, bene- Marble Hall Stairs, and at Brentford, and at purity and philanthropy of its sentiments, volence, and intimate sympathy with na- fifty other places besides.” (Continued laughthat true politeness, the result of a sound ture. No writer presents us with more
Mr. Low declared it to be the opinion of the understanding and of an amiable sensi- joyous and eloquent descriptions of the “ worthy chief magistrate,” that, if any carts bility, beautifully exhibited in every page, gaiety and revels of inferior animals, than go over Putney bridge, the city of London was and heightened in effect, rather than ob- are contained in his Natural Theology; | irretrievably ruined and added, that the river scured, by the somewhat quaint language and these he gives with a gout which we above London bridge would be totally destroyed of the age in which it was written. But should not readily imagine to consist with
as a navigation ! the book is itself a portrait of its venerable the love of angling. Such, however, was
In the present day, it is not only highly author; nay, it presents him to you alive the case. Little remains to be said of the and ruin, but we are thereby reminded of the
amusing to read these denunciations of misery --you walk with him, reflect with him, life of Walton. Few events worthy of be- fallacy of human judginent and foresight. dwell with him on the peaceful beauties ing recorded can ever mark the history of Not only is there a bridge at Putney, but the of the landscape, and silently and gently any man, whose time was engrossed, and forebodings of Mr. Boscawen are almost all sink into the calm and amiable temper of whose desires were confined to the prose- realized, as relates to the erection of bridges, mind and heart which dictated this most cution of an amusement. He was born although not so, as to their desolating effects innocent of books.
at Stafford in the month of August, 1593, on the city of London. A bridge at WestWalton appears to have been well ac- died at Winchester on the 15th of Decem: minster has been found to be a convenience
another has been erected from Fleet-market quainted with the writings of Montaigne, ber, 1683, and was buried in the cathedral into the opposite fields (at Blackfriars); even whose essays were excellently translated there.
the "couple more" are really in existence, and by his friend Cotton. In many respects,
nearly in the sites pointed out the Waterloo particularly in the artlessness of his cha
MODERN IMPROVEMENTS AND
and Southwark bridges; and, what is still racter, our author resembles Montaigne,
more remarkable, it has not only been “pro
ANCIENT OPINIONS. but he had less of whim and eccentricity.
posed," but one of these (the Southwark bridge) Montaigne informs us of his good nature,
is actually built of iron !!! Sir Wm. ThompSun,
had he lived to the present moment, might but the kindheartedness of honest Isaac While we are erecting suspension bridges have sought in vain for the walls of London. oozes from him unconsciously from
over arms of the sea, and cutting tunnels under Lurgate bar is demolished; the wall, gates,
every pore. Of the tenderness of his natural navigable rivers, it is worth while to take a disposition, it is impossible to doubt; and regard to the spirit of improvement. This cestors, which nopean could increase or eso
glance at the opinions of our forefathers, with and boundaries, set by the wisdom of our apyet it is curious and almost ludicrous to seems to have begun to show itself in the last tend,” have disappeared. London is extended note how the love of his art, and the half of the seventeenth century; for we see,
on every side, so that the skirts of the city are force of habit, occasionally hoodwink his from “Grey's Debates," that on April 4th, 1071, not to be distinguished, by a stranger, from humanity. He expresses indignation the second reading of a bill was moved,
The conclusion of this remarkable debate is against every other form of cruelty; and, building, a bridge over the river Thames, at not less deserving of notice. Sir Henry Hercensuring those who even fish at improper during the debate, that we are enabled to draw bert, just before the house divided, said, " I seasons, he observes :
conclusions very favourable to the
progress of " But the poor fish have enemies enough knowledge. Upon that occasion, Sir William lies; I am equally opposed to mad, visionary beside such unnatural fishermen, as, name- Thompson observed,
projects; and I may be permitted to say, thai, ly, the otters that I spake of, the cormo- “Mir. Speaker, London is circumscribed, I in the late king's reign, several of these I mean the city of London ; there are walls, house, but most properly rejected. If a man,
thoughtless inventions were thrust upon the rant, the bittern, the ospray, the sea-gull, the hern, the king-fisher, the gosara, the gates
, and boundaries
, the which no man can Sir, were to come to the bar of the house, and puet, the swan, goose, ducks, and the cra- the wisdom of our ancestors, and God forbid tell
us that he proposed to convey us regularly ber, which some call the water-rat: against they should be altered. But, Sir, though these bring us back in seven days more, should we all of which, any honest man may make landmarks can never be removed—1 say never, a just quarrel; but I will not, I will leave for I have no hesitation in stating, that, when if we did him justice; or, if another told us
not vote him to Bedlam ? Surely we should, them to be quarrelled with and killed by the walls of London shall no longer be visible; he would sail to the Indies in six months, others; for I am not of a cruel nature, 1 and Ludgate is demolished, England itself will should we not punish him for practising upon love to kill nothing but fish.” be as nothing—though, Sir, these landmarks
our credulity ? Assuredly, if we served him And his mode of preparing a live bait cept with the constitution of the country, yet are immovable, indelible, indestructible, ex
rightly.” still more strikingly illustrates our ob- it is in the power of speculative theorists to servations: delude the minds of the people with visionary
LUTHER'S UNDAUNTEDNESS. Put hook into his mouth, which projects of increasing the skirts of the city, so
Luther, when making his way into the presence your
of Cardinal Cajetan, who had summoned him 10 you may easily do from the middle of that it may even join Westminster! * * *
Mr. Boscawen said, " If there were any ad
answer for his heretical opinions at Augsburgh, April till August, and then the frog's mouth grows up, and he continues so for at least vantage derivable from a bridge at Putney
, he should find
a shelter if his patron, the elector six months without eating, but is sustained, bridge at Westminster would be a convenience. shield of heaven!" was the reply. The silenced
of Saxony, should desert hiin ?-"Under the none but He whose name is wonderful Then other honourable gents. might dream minion turned round and wenı his way. knows how : I say, put your hook, I mean that a bridge from the end of Fleet-ınarket into the arming wire, through his mouth, and the fields on the opposite side of the water out at his gills, and then, with a fine needle would be a fine speculation ; or who knows
Ethelwold, Bishop of Winchester, in a famine, and silk, sow the upper part of his leg, the river altogether, and build a couple more
but at last it might be proposed to arch over sold all the rich vessels and ornaments of the with only one stitch, to the arming wire of bridges, one from the palace at Somerset-house,
church, to relieve the poor with bread, and said, your hook ; or tie the frog's leg above the into the Surrey marshes, and another from the God should be sumptuously furnished, and the
" There was no reason that the dead temples of upper joint to the armed wire; and, in so front of Guildhall into Southwark. (Great living temples suffer penury.”
ETHELWOLD, BISHOP OF WINCHESTER.
THE PASHA OF EGYPT.
try, for the instruction of all orders of his | THE SAFETY OF IMMEDIATE EMANpeople, in reading, writing, and arithmetic;
CIPATION. The following account of this extraor- he has sent, at great expense to himself, young dinary man is taken from an address of men, both of the higher and lower ranks of Some of the friends of Negro Emancipation Sir A. Johnston to the Royal Asiatic So- society, to England and France, for the
purpose are apprehensive of evil consequences from its ciety :-“ The Pasha of Egypt, one of our
of acquiring useful knowledge, the former in immediately taking place. This is much to be honorary members, a chief of a clear and vi- those branches of science and literature which
gretted, as it serves to weaken a righteous gorous mind, observing the advantage Euro- are connected with their service in the army, We
purpose, in a future number, to pean states have derived from a similar policy, the navy, and the higher departments of go- treat somewhat at large on this point, and are has publicly encouraged the introduction into vernment; the latter in those mechanical arts, confident we shall be able to show the utter Egypt of all those arts and sciences which are which are more immediately connected with fallacy of the fears which are entertained. calculated to improve the understanding of the their employment as artisans and manufac- For the present we must content ourselves with people, to mitigate the effects of their religious turers; he has constituted a public assembly letting our readers know the opinion which is feelings, and to secure the stability of the local at Cairo, consisting of a considerable number entertained by some intelligent observers, regovernment; he has assimilated his army and of well-informed persons, who hold regular sident in Jamaica. The following passage is his navy to those of Europe, and subjected them sittings for forty days in each year; and pub- extracted from the Christian Record, for May to European regulations and to European dis- licly discuss, for his information, the interest last. This publication is conducted by churchicipline; he has formed corps of artillery and and wants of his different provinces; he pa- men, and is every way entitled to public conengineers upon European principles; he has tronises the publication of a weekly newspaper fidence. Coming from such a quarter, we attached regular bands of military music to in Arabic and Turkish, for the instruction of hope the sentiments expressed in this editorial each of his regiments, with European in his people; and, finally, he protects all Chris paper will have their
proper influence. structors, who teach the Arab musicians, ac- tian merchants who are settled in his country,
“ We would therefore have every Christian cording to the European notes of music, to not only in time of peace, but also in time of proprietor to examine the question closely, and play upon European instruments the popular war, and afforded the European merchants consider wbether that which his conduct assists marches and airs of England, France, and who were settled at Alexandria and Cairo, a in perpetuating is, under any modification whatGermany; a short distance from Cairo he has memorable instance of his determination to ever, what his Heavenly Master would have him established a permanent military hospital, and adhere under all circumstances to this policy, to perpetuate. If it be not contrary to his will, placed it under European surgeons, and the by informing them, as soon as he had received the Christian will be comforted by the examinasame rules as prevail in the best regulated hos- intelligence of the battle of Navarino, that tion which satisfies him of this clearly ; if it he pitals in Europe ; and he has formed a school their persons and their property should con- rejoice that he has made the examination, and of medicine and anatomy, in which not only tinue as secure as if no such event had oc
I have dwelt at some length upon duct?-of doing every thing in his power, and,
discovered in time the necessity of an altered conbotany, mineralogy, and chemistry are taughi, curred. but human bodies are publicly dissected by this subject, because I have felt it to be my with a fixed purpose, to bring it to an end ? For students who profess the Mahomedan religion, duty, in consequence of the information which our own parts we beg to avow distinctly our beand who are publicly rewarded, in the heart of I have received as Chairman of the Com- lief that keeping men in slavery is directly opa great Mahomedan population, according to mittee of Correspondence, to give publicity in posed to the spirit of the gospel, and that were all the skill and the knowledge which they dis- this country to those measures, by which one slave-holders to become Christians indeed, the play in their different dissections. At Alex- of the most distinguished of our honorary state of slavery would not exist a single moment, andria he has established a naval school, in members has restored to Egypt, in their But unhappily, there are many who are, and will which the Mahomedan students are instructed highest state of perfection, all the arts and still continue, any thing but Christians. We in the several branches of geometry, trigono- sciences of Europe; has emulated, as a patron sire to have it abolished, -as a crime against God metry, mechanics, and astronomy, connected of knowledge, the conduct of the most envigation, and a dock-yard, under the control afforded, as a Mahomedan, a bright example, be necessary to guard against the evils that would with naval architecture and the science of na- lightened of the Caliphs of Bagdad ; and has and our fellow-creatures, to have regard to those and superintendance of a European naval ar- for their imitation, to all the Mahomedan so- arise from any husty and undigested measure of chitect distinguished for his talents and his vereigns in Europe, Africa, and Asia.”
emancipation, through the opposition of unchrisskill, in which, besides frigates and other ves
tian men, and the working of the general deprasels of smaller dimensions, four ships of the
vity of man-a depravity as strong no doubt in the line, three carrying 110 guns upon two decks, Extract from a Letter to Mr. Wilberforce, in siders him as but one of the live stock of his
bosom of a slave, as in that of the being who con. and one of 130 guns, have been recently built;
1787, by Dr. Currie. he has opened the old port, which was formerly
But at the same time, we would record shut against them, to all Christian vessels. “Very frequently, indeed, it is asserted,
our deliberate belief, founded upon no slight ac. insurance offices, and authorised Christian Indies is happier and better than in their own emancipation (which ALL AGREE must one day be He has encouraged the formation of regular that the condition of the negroes in the West quaintance with, or short experience of, the present
race of negroes in this island, that the measure of merchants to acquire a property in lands, country; and, therefore, that those transported to passed), accompanied by a judicious, and in its houses, and gardens. He has employed an our sugar colonies can really sustain no injury. details well defined, enactment, for the alteration English civil engineer of great eminence, on a Whence, then, I have asked, arises the waste and government of the newly freed labourers, and very liberal salary, to improve all the canals of life in the West Indies, which occasions with the establishment of an effective police, in the country and the course of the Nile: he the necessity of so large a supply to keep up might This pax take effect with perfect safety to is about to construct carriage-roads from Alex- the numbers there; and whence the increase all classes of the community, and without one of andria to Cairo, and from Alexandria to Ro- of life in Africa, which affords this supply those evils following, which are made the bugzetta and Damietta : and M. Abro, the cousin without their numbers being diminished bears to frighten from the measure the Christian of his minister, is about to establish
advocates of truth and justice. Nay more—if the public stage-coaches, built on a model of one the ocean to support a population which, it is
negroes are not now fit for such a boon, we besent to him by a coachmaker from this coun- said, at present does not amount to more than
lieve they never will be. We desire, therefore,
to see Christian Proprietors, not seeking how to try; he has introduced steam-boats, which 800,000 souls. Ten families planted in those reconcile themselves to their possession of their navigate upon the Nile, and steam-engines, islands 300 years ago, when the slave-trade fellow-men, but how they may immediately and which are used for cleansing and deepening the commenced, under the auspices of freedom consistently abandon it. Again we say, the quesbed of that river, and for various other public and of nature, with the advantages of a fertile tion presses—it must be decided soon. We must works; he has patronised the employment, by soil
, and a climate congenial to their constitu- either go back at once, if we can, to the state of Mr. Briggs, of two Englishmen, taken for the tions, might by this time have produced a slavery in which we were thriving a hundred years purpose from this country, in boring for water greater number. Who can doubt it? Within ago, -or ut once meet the spirit of the times, and in different parts of the desert, and he has dis- half this time, a handful of Englishmen have change our unwilling slaves into willing, because covered, through their operations, some very spread themselves over an immense continent properly recompensed, free labourers--or fearful fine water in the desert between Cairo and have converted a wilderness into a fertile indeed will be the consequent ruin and destitution Suez; he has encouraged the growth of cotton, country-have given battle to the most power- them. We say now is the time to make the change
to all the present proprietors-the very least of indigo, and opium, and the former of these ful people of Europe; and through
-only fix this, and men will be astonished at the productions is now a great article of trade be- toils and troubles, have arisen to the rank of easiness and safety with which it will be effected. tween Egypt and England, France, and Ger- thirteen independent states. The English were May the spirit of wisdom and of a sound mind be many; he has established schools in the coun- free men: the unhappy Africans were slaves." in all our councils !"
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. its constant and accelerated progress, set on foot, for the improvement of the lower
We thankfully acknowledge the contributions of promoters, men upon whom it has most in moral and religious knowledge, from which
, or rather the profusely showered its advantages, and the parties concerned, but to the kingdom at " Marian." We shall be happy to hear again from T. P. R. the authority of office.
only expedients that can be adopted, for formBut while we entertain the highest hopes ing a sound and virtuous populace; and, if
from the operation of these forces, which there be any truth in the figure by which soTHE TOURIST. may be said to constitute the primum ciety is compared to a pyramid, it is on them
mobile of the great process, we may ad- its stability chiefly depends: the elaborate orMONDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1832. vert with equal pleasure to the excellent nament at the op will be a wretched com
pensation for the want of solidity in the lower order and adaptation of the mechanism parts of the structure. These are not the times
by which it is carried forward. We refer in which it is safe for a nation to repose on the Mr. Burke somewhere expresses an opi- particularly to the abundanceof cheap pub- lap of ignorance. If there ever were a season, nion, that it is better that the minds of lications, the rise and currency of which we when public tranquillity was ensured by the men should be occupied with information deem of sufficient consequence to be ranked absence of knowledge, that season is past. ever so trivial and useless, so that it be among the most important characteristics The convulsed state of the world will not pernot erroneous and prejudicial, than that of the present age. In some of them the being appalled by phantoms, and shaken by they should be destitute of information of most useful knowledge is contained, sim- terrors, to which reason, which defines her oball kinds. Nor does the great name of plified to the level of every degree of in-jects and limits her apprehensions by the Mr. Burke, with all the knowledge of hu- telligence, and rendered accessible and reality of things, is a stranger. Every thing man nature and of politics with which it attractive to all by their cheapness and in the condition of mankind announces the will ever stand associated, yield by any elegance. We confidently anticipate the approach of some great crisis, for which nomeans the most powerful sanction to this most beneficial results from this source, ledge, probity, and the fear of the Lord. opinion. It is perpetually reiterated and and we trust that The Tourist will not while the world is impelled, with such vioconfirmed to us by the concurrent voice contribute least to justify such expecta- lence, in opposite directions; while a spirit of and experience of those, among whom, tions.
giddiness and revolt is shed upon the nations, during later times, the advantages of ex- We cannot close these remarks more and the seeds of mutation are so thickly sowu, tended knowledge and intellectual cul- suitably than by adopting the eloquent the improvement of the mass of the people ture have been enjoyed. It has at length language of one of the greatest writers will be our grand security, in the neglect of become a problem, how any persons pos- our literature can boast, in confirmation knowledge accumulated in the higher orders, sessing the benefits of an ordinary educa- of these opinions.
weak and unprotected, will be exposed to imtion could delude themselves with the
“We congratulate the nation, on the ex- minent danger, and perish like a garland in notion, that the same causes which pro- tent of the efforts employed, and the means the grasp of popular fury.” duced innocent gratification to them should involve the elements of anarchy and mischief to others. For, what, let us inquire, have they first to establish, before they can give any weight or plausibility to their opinion? They must prove, that men will be the more likely to disobey, the more thoroughly they know and appreciate the cogent reasons which enforce obedience : that they will be the more engrossed by sensual pleasures, in proportion as they have access to such as are of a higher and an opposite character : in contradiction to the experience of all mankind, they must show that we are inHated with vanity, in proportion to our intellectual acquirements; and disposed to fraudulent self-aggrandizement by learning, from the historian and the moralist, that “ true self-love and social are the same.” In short, they must make an admission, at once the most humiliating
NETLEY ABBEY. and impolitic that can well be imagined; namely, that the grounds of truth and of These are the ruins of one of the most themselves to be unduly engrossed by duty in religion, morals, and politics, are beautiful monastic edifices which we owe literature, as their library at the time of so weak and questionable as to render it to the piety, or the superstition of our the dissolution, under Henry the Eighth, necessary to forbid all examination of forefathers. Its situation is most ro- consisted but of one book. them.
mantic, and, at the same time, exceed- After this time, Netley Abbey passed We trust, however, that these remarks ingly appropriate to the purposes of its into the hands of various possessors, and are but little called for by the present state establishment. It was founded by Henry among others of Sir Bartlett Lucy in the of society. We are persuaded, that if the Third, and peopled by a colony of year 1700, who sold it to a carpenter of there be a party who uphold the opposite Cistertian monks from Beaulieu Abbey, Southampton. The latter intended to pull opinion, that party is daily on the wane. which lay a few miles off. What time it down, for the sake of the materials; and We joyfully hail those indications which this holy fraternity spent in their devo- we are told that we owe the preservation distinguish the present as the golden age tions, we are not informed; but we may of the ruins from this Gothic attack to the of education. We cannot but anticipate fairly conjecture that they did not suffer following occurrence, the account of which we take from Browne Willis, who gives full credence to the legend. “ During the time,” says he, “ this man was in treaty with Sir Bartlett, he was greatly disturbed by frightful dreams, and, as some say, apparitions : particularly by that of a monk, who threatened him with great mischief, if he persisted in his purpose (of pulling down the edifice). One night, in particular, he dreamed a large stone from one of the windows fell upon him and killed him. This so terrified him, that he communicated these disturbances to a particular friend, who advised him to desist: but avarice, and the contrary advice of other friends, getting the better of his fears, he concluded the bargain ; when attempting to take out some stones from the bottom of the west wall, the whole body of a window fell down upon him, and crushed him to death."
THE TWILIGHT HOUR.
Sweet hour! the latest, loveliest,
Of all that 'tend upon the sun;
I would the wintry months were gone,
The crimson clouds into a veil
Of earth - to watch the crescent pale
Of flocks returning to the fold;
A tale of memory to the old,
DIANA OF THE EPHESIANS.
All motives to a dreary train
Tuis, was one of the most celebrated cities; while the heads of cattle beneath And mark the rosy evening's close.
deities of ancient mythology. She was signify that her care extended to the O'er lands beyond the Appenine,
worshipped with the same distinctive at-country also. The breastplate or neckThough darkness soon dispels the charm, tributes, in various countries, and under lace, adorned with the signs of the zodiac, With deeper glow thy beauties shine,
She is supposed to have was intended to show that this superinSweet twilight !-mirror'd in the calm Blue water, till the night-wind's play
been originally the Isis of the Egyptians, tendance was exercised through all the Succeeds the sultiness of day.
and to have been introduced into Greece seasons of the year. There seems good
under the name of Diana at the same time reason to believe that when the Romans There 'tis the convent-bell ye hear, And the impassion'd vesper-chaunt ;
with Osiris, under that of Apollo. This invaded this country the worship of this Or blither music greets the ear,
figure is remarkable as representing one great goddess was introduced among our Where the guitar, and some romaunt,
of the false deities mentioned in the Scrip- ignorant ancestors. In the year 1602 an The tarantell' and tambourine,
tures, “ Diana of the Ephesians,” her image was dug out of the ground in MonMake glad some vine-embower'd scene.
most splendid temple being at Ephesus. mouthshire, which, by the form, dress, There, too, the fire-flies hold their dance,
It was built by the united contributions and inscription, appears to be the figure And the cigali's jocund song,
of many of the Grecian states and princes, of the Ephesian idol. We are also inResounds, unheeding night's advance, and was so magnificent as to be esteemed formed by an ancient manuscript in the
The silver olive trees among; And myrtles yield their fragrancy
one of the wonders of the world. The Cotton Library, that in the time of the To wanton zephyrs wandering by.
figure itself was probably intended to set heptarchy, Ethelbert, King of Kent, built
forth the extensive blessings of Provi- a church in London, to the honour of St. I would the wintry months were flown, dence, as bestowed on all classes of Paul, upon the spot where formerly stood
Once more, sweet hour, to walk with thee; created beings. It is drawn as many- a temple of Diana; and a variety of relics
breasted, to denote that the goddess pos- have been dug up, at different times, near With fancy and with thee to roam
sessed abundant fountains of nourish- the site of St. Paul's, which strongly conAmong th’ accustom'd scenes of home.
ment. The turrets, crowning her head, firm this account. Felix Furley's Bristol Journal.
show her peculiar guardianship over