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adapted to the treatment of offenders of Missionary were prisoners, during the late house, exclaiming, "Murder! murder!" The

its general adoption are almost inconceivable. crime, both by the dread which the imprison

TAE DISBANDED SOLDIER. To say nothing of the speed with which ment inspires, as well as by the reformation public commands and information might of the offender. Inquiries have been instibe communicated in time of war, it might tuted relative to the conduct of prisoners re- In the year 1785, a widow woman and her even be used by commercial men to convey leased from the Auburn Penitentiary, the family resided in the city of Diet, in Holland,

Her messages, with much more speed and cheap- prison at which this system has been longest husband had been an eminent carpenter, and he ness than could perhaps be secured by any observed ; and of 206 discharged, who have had bequeathed 10 bis widow a comfortable other known expedient.

been watched over for the space of three residence, with some land, and two boats for

years, 146 have been reclaimed, and main- carrying merchandise and passengers on the PRISON DISCIPLINE. tained reputable characters in society. canais. She was also supposed to be worth

some money, part of which she employed in The following is an extract from the ADDRESS TO BRITISH CHRISTIANS a hempen and sail-cloth manufactory, for the Eighth Report of the London Society for

RESPECTING SLAVERY. purpose of increasing her means of instructing Promoting Prison Discipline :-The Com

her children, consisting of a son and two

My Fellow COUNTRYMEN, mittee have given to this subject their best

daughters, in useful branches of business. One consideration, and have no hesitation in de

There are in the island of Jamaica three night, when the workmen were gone home,

a person dressed in uniform, with a musket claring their conviction, that an effectual hundred thousand British slaves. substitute may be found for the penalty of

Fifteen thousand of them, at least, are the and broadsword, came to the house, and re

quested lodgings. “I let no lodgings, friend, death in a well-regulated system of peni- children of Englishmen and Scotchmen.

said the widow: “and, besides, I have no tentiary discipline; a system which shall

Under this cruel system the agricultural

spare

bed, unless you sleep with my son, which inspire dread, not by intensity of punish- Females are flogged in the most indecent and a perfect stranger to us all.” The soldier then

population are rapidly decreasing by death. I think very improper on account of your being clusion, and restraint. The enforcement of disgusting manner, at the will of their op- showed a discharge from Diesbach's regiment,

(signed by the major, who gave him an excellent hard labour, strict silence, and a judicious pressors I have seen it. plan of solitary confinement, will be found in the parish of Trelasyney, from 1817 to bois, governor of Breda. U ponetboshe has

The decrease on the sugar estates by death, character,) and a passport from Count Maillethe most powerful of all moral instruments for the correction of the guilty; and when 1829, was 1394.

withdrew to bed. Some bours afterwards, a to these are added the application of re

Even on Christian proprietors' estates it is loud knocking was heard at the door, which

the same. ligious instruction, the utmost means are

roused the soldier, who moved softly down exercised which society can employ for the

Thousands of these deeply-injured and stairs, and stopped at the hall-door, when the punishment and reformation of the human helpless beings are your brethren and sisters blows were repeated, and the door was almost character. This discipline admits of a great in Christ, and they are now forbidden to broken through. By this time the widow and

her daughters were alarmed; and they ran variety of combination, and is therefore worship God.

same town, when I and

almost frantic through different parts of the my

brother classes of criminality.

, , " "

a case of loaded , cessful examples of this nature, the Com- struggle for freedom, more than 100 were joined the soldier at the ball-door; while the mittee refer to some of our best houses of hung on one gallows, many were shot, and latter

, screwing on his bayonet, and priming correction, and especially to the Penitentiary about 300 men and women flogged under his piece afresh, which was charge.l with slugs, at Millbank. It is, however, from the United neath it, till the ground was covered with requested the women to keep themselves out of

their blood, of which flogging several died. the States that the most extensive experience on

way of danger. Soon afterwards, the door this subject is to be derived ; where a system

They are an interesting and an affectionate was forced in, and two ruffians entered, who

were instantly shot by the son, who discharged has been adopted which combines solitary and it is in your power to give them civil and dead men, however, immediately returned the

people, when treated like human beings; both his pistols at once. Two associates of the confinement at night, hard labour by day, the strict observance of silence, and attention religious liberty, if you will conscientiously tire, but without effect: when the intrepid and to moral and religious improvement. These adopt the following Resolutions : –

veteran stranger rushed on them like a lion,

1. Meet once in every month to pray for the plans are enforced with great success at the immediate and total abolition of Slavery.

ran one through the body with his bayonet, prisons of Auburn and Sing-Sing, in the II. Conscientiously abstain from ever using any and, while the other was running away, lodged state of New York, and at Weathersfield, would all do this and whata triling sacrifice at the and caused him to drop down dead on the spot.

produce raised by slave labour. Oh! that Christians the contents of his piece between his shoulders, in the state of Connecticut. At sun-rise, altar of mercy): then must the system fall.

After the necessary legal investigation of this the convicts proceed in regular order to the III. Vote for no man who will not give a distinct affair, the four ruffians were buried in a cross several work-shops, where they remain under pledge that he will vote for the entire and immediate road, and a suitable inscription was placed over vigilant superintendence until the hour of

IV. Petition Christian Slave-holders to commence

them. The widow made the soldier a present breakfast, when they repair to the common this work of mercy. It is in their power so to do;

to the amount of a hundred guineas of our hall. When at their meals, the prisoners estates with free labour, and, instead of having the

men could be found who would conduct their money, and the city settled a handsome pensiin are seated at tables in single rows, with their curse, they would enjoy the blessing of the Father of

on him for the rest of his life. This veteran's

name was Adrian de Griés; he was a native of backs towards the centre, so that there can the oppressed upon their properties. be no interchange of signs. From one end V. Use all your influence to promulgate these Middleburgh, and was upwards of seventy years principles.

old at the time of this exploit. of the work-rooms to the other, upwards

Remember, if you now altogether hold of 500 convicts may be seen without a single your peace, help will arise from another individual being observed to turn his headquarter. But, oh! the guilt, if, at the day VOCAL MACHINERY OF BIRDS.-It is difficult to actowards a visitor. Not a whisper.is heard of judgment, it shall appear that the supine- count for so small a creature as a bird making a tone throughout the apartments. At the close ness of Christians has fastened the chains, but a recent discovery has shown, that, in birds, of the day, labour is suspended, and the pri- and increased the oppressions, of his enslaved the lungs have several openings, communicating soners return in military order to their soli- fellow-men! tary cells; there they have the opportunity

Christians, I have seen the cruelties of whole cavity of the body from the neck downwards,

and into which the air passes and repasses in the of reading the Scripture, and of reflecting Slavery. I have partaken of the sympathy progress of breathing. This is not all: the very in silence on their past lives. The chap- of the Negros help me in the glorious cause

bones are hollow, from which air pipes are conlain occasionally visits the cells, instructing of mercy-and success is ours.

veyed to the most solid parts of the body, even into

the quills and feathers. This air rarefied by the ignorant, and administering the reproofs

I am, your friend,

the heat of their body, adds to their levity. By and consolations of religion. The influence

Aud the friend of the Negro,

forcing the air out of the body, they can dart down of these visits is described to be most bene

WILLIAM KNIBB,

from the greatest height with astonishing velocity.

No doubt the same machinery forms the basis of ficial, and the effect of the entire discipline

Baptist Missionary from Jamaica. their vocal powers, and at once solves the mystery.” is decidedly successful in the prevention of London, Sept. 7, 1832.

(Gardiner's Music of Nature.)

For suc

arm.

MEMOIR OF JAMES STEPHEN, ESQ., THE / since proved a judicious one,) for the protection of vinced that he will signally interfere with his own LATE MASTER IN CHANCERY. the unfortunate African! It was refused; but its

Let us leave it to him, my dear George, he benevolent projector has now received his reward in will do it his own way; he has said, “Vengeance is

the approbation of his Maker: “Thou hast well done, mine, I will repay.'. May he visit our guilty oppo. ANOTHER, who has acted no undistinguished part in the great drama of life, has just quitted its stage, good and faithful servant; enter thou into the joy of nents in mercy "*". It is believed that these were the thy Lord.”

last words he ever uttered on the subject. and gone to his eternal rest. Mr. Stephen died at

It is very little known, that the germ of that re It would not, perhaps, be going too far to say that Bath, on the 10th inst., of a diseased liver. He was

form which has since taken place in the Court of Mr. Stephen was one of the ablest pampleteers of the in his 74th year. It is some years since Mr. Stephen Chancery, under the auspices of Lord Brougham, age. As a speaker, he was gifted with unusual powers retired from the field of politics; but those among us who recollect the busy, eventful period of Per

was planted by Mr. Stephen. Some accidental cir- of language and energy of manner. ceval's Administration, cannot forget the prominent the fees taken in the Masters' offices. It had been had marked him for a rhetorician. He was too ve:

cumstance, we believe, led to an investigation of fairly launched in his subject, he showed that nature part which Mr. Stephen took in all the Parliamen

the practice, for many years, to estimate the length hement and impassioned, perhaps, for the taste of tary warfare of the day. We have it in our power of documents, copied for the use of solicitors, instead modern assemblies; but he rarely failed to carry his to furnish our readers with a short and authentic, of actually calculating the number of folios--and such audience with him. It was, however, in writing that though imperfect, memoir of this gentleman; estimates were, by mutual consent, always made he chiefly excelled. The emphatic style and clear and we know that they will thank us for it. He was descended from a respectable family in the

with great liberality-to the unreasonable and im. and pointed reasoning of his earlier publications

proper advantage of all parties, except the clients. evince a power and acuteness which have been but county of Aberdeen, but he himself was born al

The practice was unknown to the Masters per- rarely equalled In the first year of his life his poli. Poole, in Dorsetshire, and educated at Winchester: we have often heard him say, that he owed all

that sonally ; but, when it reached Mr. Stephen's ears, tical principles were decidedly liberal, -we had al

he at once directed a minute inquiry into the extent most said radical ; but experience and observation was good in his character to the precepts and

of the profits thus unfairly made; and not only moderated them to such a degree, that his friends example

of his mother, a lady of the name of Milner, strictly prohibited the practice for the future, but considered him a Tory; though he was always so an old family in the West of England. Mr. Stephen gave away

to charity thac which could not otherwise free from the least taint of bigotry or prejudice, that lost his father, who was also at the bar, in early life;

be restored to justice. We have heard, that the sum it would be unjust to class him with either party. being thus left to his own resources, he went to the West Indies, shortly after the acknowledgment of pounds. At this time, the choice of the Master to he thus refunded amounted to several hundred In proof of his early political prepossessions, it may

be mentioned that he is said to have called his American independence, and practised at St. Kitt's for many years with great success. He here ac

whom a cause should be referred, rested virtually youngest son, an equally ardent advocate of the

with the solicitors, and they of course would not Negro, after General Washington, though that genquired that intimate knowledge of Colonial law for

carry their business to an office which was more tleman does not, we believe, use the patronymic of which he was justly celebrated, and, with it, he im; rigid than any other in the taxation of costs. For a the father of the United States : yet, as in his bibed that horror of the Colonial system, which led

time, therefore, Mr. Stephen's office was compara most liberal days Mr. Stephen had no taint of repubhim to become one of its most distinguished oppo- tively deserted'; and, although he made repeated licanism, it can only have been out of respect for the a very large and lucrative practice in the Cockpit, representations to Lord Eldon of the injustice which public character of the distinguised patriot that he

was thus done to him, it was not until he had for named his son aster him. sharing with the late Chief Justice Dallas nearly all

years sustained annually a heavy pecuniary loss, But who shall describe him in private life? It is the Prize Appeals that came before the Privy Coun

that Lord Eldon consented to make the first step not possible to express the respect, the affection, the cil. Our commercial readers will recollect how fre

towards reform which Mr. Stephen suggested, that almost reverential esteem, in which he was held by quently the violation of neutrality led to the capture and condemnation of American vesseis. Mr. Stephen

references to the Masters should be made in rotation. the large circle of relatives and friends in which he

Mr. Stephen retained his office for twenty years; moved. We dare not trust ourselves to enter upon was the first to direct public attention to this impor. and then, following the graceful example of Sir Wil- this; our ink is diluted with our tears. In person he tant subject. in a small pamphlet, entitled “War in Disguise ; or, the Frauds of the Neutral Flags." domestic tranquillity. liam Grant, retired to spend the residue of life in was rather tall, and was well proportioned: the cha

racter of his features was intelligence and openness; It was published anonymously; but it evinced a

We have been obliged to curtail much of his his. the expression of his high forehead and his deepknowledge of the subject, and an ability of pen, tory, even as a public man; but we must not omit seated eye was very remarkable.. We once heard a which could not fail to render its author a valuable

to mention a circumstance most honourable to his public inan, distinguished by his cwn firmness of auxiliary to the Government of the day; and Mr.

manly frankness of character. In early life, among nerve and feature, say of him, “The look of Stephen, Stephen was soon seated in Parliament for a Govern.

other resources which difficulty had suggested, he when angry or indignant, is terrific.” But of late ment borough. He suggested, and virtually, we be reported in the gailery of the House of Commons, years this animated expression was rarely shewn, lieve, arranged the whole system of Continental for one of the daily papers, we believe, the Post. unless when called into play by the wrongs of the blockade; which, for many years, occasioned Afterwards, while he enjoyed a seat in that House, unhappy Slave; and then, indeed, would his coungreater embarrassment to Buonaparte, than all and had done so for many years, a question arosc in tenance lighten up to a brightness that almost the other operations of the war put together. volving the general respectability of the reporters, startled the by-stander. It was the fierceness of that of this system, Mr. Stephen was the great Par when Mr. Stephen, speaking in their support, de holy anger which sinneth not. On other occasions liamentary supporter, as the present Chancellor was

clared his early connection with their body as an he was gentle to tenderness, and meek even to its most strenuous opponent in the same arena.

alliance he felt glad to avow. It argued no common humility. He has entered into that "rest which Whether it rested upon correct or mistaken com

mind to make this open declaration in the aristocra- remaineth for the people of God." mercial principle, it matters little now to inquire ; | tic atmosphere of the House of Commons; but Mr. but it most undoubtedly succeeded in checking the Stephen was a gentleman by feeling, and by educahostilities of what we may call the neutral belli- tion, not less than by birth. gerents, and in augmenting the difficulties of France.

We have scarcely left ourselves room to advert to ECONOMY OF “ THE TIMES” OFFICE. It had, too, another effect, which its author had his Anti-Slavery writings, although it is in connecindeed foreseen, but to which he was too highminded tion with this holy cause, that his name will be to attach the least importance--it annihilated the

The following statement is extracted from handed down to future ages, as one of the illustrious whole of that prize appeal business from which his professional income was derived. It was in con

dead. He had been a determined enemy of the whole | Professor Babbage's late work, on The Ecosideration of this generous and patriotic sacrifice: speeches and his private remonstrances with men production which, from the vast variety of

system for many years ; and had, both by his public nomy of Machinery and Manufactures,--a och one of the Masters in Ordinary of the Court of pressions and atrocities of Slavery, than, perhaps

; interesting facts it contains, the important Chancery, having previously offered to make him Attorney. General or a puisne Judge, which Mr.

any other man in existence; while his high cha? principles deduced from them, and the ner

racter, and acknowledged experience, combined to Stephen declined.

vous and felicitous style in which it is writ

, the measures of his party; as will be seen by look- antagonist : but it was not till 1821, that he pub author. We present it to our readers as an He

retained his seat in Parliament, and supported Indian interest regard him as their most formidable ten, is every way worthy of its distinguished ing into the Parliamentary reports of the period : lished his masterly “Delineation of Slavery.' indeed, a sort of personal, though good-humoured Resting, as it does, not upon the disputed testimony

almost extreme illustration of the advantages hostility, obtained between him and the late Mr. Whitbread, on most political questions. On one, how- of the Colonists themselves, it shows up the system in lication of machinery and the division of

of strangers, but upon the admissions and statements accruing to manufactures, from the appever, Mr. Stephen exhibited the most decided inde.

a manner which sets all controversy for ever at rest labour. pendence of his party; and, rather than forfeit that

It has not been even attempted to answer the second independence, he resigned his seat. He planned a scheme for the registration of Slaves, the more volume, which was published some years after the

“ The establishment of The Times newspaper is an first; and its truth and accuracy are specifically example, on a large scale, of a manufactory in which effectually to check all illicit trading; but, though established upon oath, before the Lords' Committee. the dívision of labour, both mental and bodily, is this scheme has since been adopted with unqualified Their Lordships are thus spared, as they will here admirably illustrated, and in which also the etfect of success, Lord Liverpool's Cabinet, after the death of after be told, all farther trouble, if they are sincere in the domestic economy, is well exemplified. It is Mr. Perceval, refused, in the first instance, to sanction it; and Mr. Stephen withdrew himself from done that for them. wishing to prove what Slavery is : Mr. Stephen has scarcely imagined, by the thousands who read that

paper in various quarters of the globe, what a scene them. He never returned to public life. He always complained, and with reason, of this treatment:

Our readers will recollect with melancholy interest of organized activity the factory presents during the

his pointed remarks on this subject when he occu whole night, or what a quantity of talent and me. according to the received etiquette of political al-pied the chair at the last Anti-Slavery Meeting at chanical skill is put in action for their amusement liance, the solicited support of an auxiliary in Parlia Exeter Hall. The dying opinion of this veleran in and information. Nearly a hundred persons are em ment is entitled to a return. Mr. Stephen had the Anti-Slavery cause will be not less gratefully ployed in this establishment; and, during the session received his official appointment, not as a reward for received. A few weeks ago, when cautioning one of of parliament, at least twelve reporters are conParliamentary service, but as a compensation for his children against the danger to which he ex- stantly attending the House of Commons and Lords ; the patriotic sacrifice which he had made of his proposed his health by over-exertion in support of it, each in his turn, after about an hour's work, retiring fessional resources for the good of the public: the he expressed himself as follows:

to translate into ordinary writing, the speech he has only compensation that he ever asked, was the pa “It is not intended by God that man shall have I just heard and noted in short-hand. In the mean tronage of this, his favourite scheme (and it has the honour of finishing this work. I now feel con. I time fifty compositors are constantly at work, some

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repetition whenever the contents of our co- nity of exposing its enormity, and of thus with consolation to the weary and heavy laden, by

of whom have already set up the beginning, whilst | have familiarised ourselves with the mode in | others are committing to type the yet undried manu- 1 which it must be conducted. We are far from

POETRY. script of the continuation of a speech, whose middle

THE LUTE. By L. E. L. portion is travelling to the oflice in the pocket of the thinking that perfection has been attained ; hasty reporter, and whose eloquent conclusion is,

on the contrary, we are free to acknowledge perhaps, at that very moment, making the walls of

Oh! sing again that mournful song, St. Stephen's vibrate with the applause of its hearers. that we have failed to realize our own ex

That song of other times ! These congregated types, as fast as they are composed, pectations. In the hurry of preparation

The music bears my soul along, are passed in portions to other hands; till at last the some few articles have been admitted which

To other, dearer climes. scattered fragments of the debate, forming, when

I love its low and broken tone; united with the ordinary matter, eight-and-forty a more rigid censorship should have excluded.

The music seems to me columns, re-appear in regular order on the platform Those who are practically acquainted with Like the wild wind when singing lone of the printing-press. The hand of man is now too this class of literature, will be aware of the O'er a twilight sea. of steam comes to his assistance. Ink is rapidly-sup- difficulty which is sometimes experienced by It may not sound so sweet to you ; plied to the moving types, by the most perfect me an Editor in selecting from the materials

To you it cannot bring chanism ;-four attendants incessantiy introduce the with which he is furnished. To reject an

The vallies where your childhood grew, cdges of large sheets of white paper to the junction

The memories of your Spring. of two great rollers, which seem to devour them with article is to displease a friend, and to attempt

My father's house, my infancy, unsated appetite ;-other rollers convey them to the by the scissors or the pen to bring it into Rise present to my mind, type already inked, and having brought them into shape, is to hazard the charge of presump

As if I had not crossed the sea,

Or left my youth behind. other assistants, completely printed by the almost tion or bad taste. The luckless wight on

I heard it, at the evening's close, .
momentary touch. Thus, in one hour, four thou: whom the unenviable office of deciding in
sani sheets of paper are printed on oue side ; and this case devolves, is frequently perplexed

Upon my native shore;
It was a favourite song with those

Whom I shall see no more.
three hundred thousand moveable pieces of metal, is by his public engagements being opposed to
produced for the public in six hours."
the gratification of his private friendship.

How many worldly thoughts and cares It shall be our honest endeavour for the

Have melted at the strain!

”Tis fraught with early hopes and prayers

In-
THE TOURIST.
future to do what is right in this case.

Oh, sing that song again.
stead of aiming, like the old man in the

fable, to please all, we will keep in view our MONDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1832. obligations to the public, and the regard [The following sonnet is from the pen of Caroline,

which is due to our own character. Our daughter of Dr. Symmons, the biographer of Milton, Human expectations are frequently falsified friends must bear with us, if we occasionally and was wrtten, as her father testifies, in the middle by experience. Many a philosopher has de reject, or slightly alter their papers; what of her twelfth year.) lighted himself with speculations, which is excellent in itself, and may do credit to a

ON A BLIGHTED ROSE-BUD, single experiment has been sufficient to dis- work of higher literary pretensions than our

Scarce had thy velvet lips imbibed the dew,

And Nature haild thee infant queen of May. prove. Before the application of this deci- own, may yet be unsuited to our pages.

Scarce saw thine opening bloom the sun's broad ray, sive test, he may have prided himself on the No pains shall be spared to secure the And to the air its tender fragrance threw, accuracy of his views, -have exulted in the literary respectability of THE TOURIST.” When the north wind enamoured of the grew; originality and completeness of his theory. It will be the effort of its conductors to Now drops thy head, now fadrs thy blushing hue

And by his cold, rude kiss thy charms decay: But no sooner has it been submitted to an in-combine instruction with entertainment; to No more the queen of flowers, no longer gay. fallible criterion, than it has been proved de- secure, by the variety and sterling character So blooms a maid

, her guardians -health and joy fective and illusory,--the offspring of conceit of its contents ; the improvement, as well as When suddenly, impatient to destroy, or of partial knowledge. Such also has the interest of its readers : but while anxious Death clasps the virgin to his iron breast. been the case with literary adventurers. to secure the literary character of our publi- "The charms and budding virtues now no more !

She fades—the parent, sister, friend, deplore Ignorant of their own capabilities and of the cation, our solicitude will be directed espedemands of the public mind, they have com- cially to the exclusion of whatever would mitted themselves to undertakings which offend the most delicate sense of moral

THE PRIVILEGES OF SLAVERY!

prothey were incompetent to conduct—they priety. Deeply impressed with the imporhave begun to build without counting the tance of religion, we shall gladly aid its On Thursday evening, the 4th inst. the annual cost. The discovery of their own unfitness diffusion. To parents of families, and to the meeting of the Cing Ports Bible Society was held at is soon made to others, and cannot but ulti- Ministers of religion, we therefore conti-esting manner on the inestimable value of the Sacred mately be forced on themselves. For a time dently appeal for support.

Volume, and on the blessings which were derived to they may struggle against the conviction.

society wherever its divine influence extends. At Vanity may suggest many excuses for the

It is our intention, from time to time, to the close of the proceedings, Mr. Baldwin, one of insipidity of their productions, and hope introduce such papers as shall assist in the the Agency Anti-Slavery, Society's Agents, who was may beguile them with the prospect of establishment of moral .principles, and the to make a few observations, which having been better things. Various artifices sorted to, to compensate their deficiency, tions of valuable works will also receive evenings he had occupied that room, in endeavour till at length the neglect into which they early notice, and brief critiques on our most audience. as men and as Christians, to demand the fall , or the explicit and general condemnation popular writers will occasionally be inserted, immediate and utter extinction of that foul disgrace

to Britain-COLONIAL SLAVERY. But he doubted which they receive, compels the abandonment To the cause of humanity and religion, we

whether he had addressed to them any argument of their ill-conducted labours.

pledge ourselves. There is one subject, so powerful to that end as was supplied in an It is not for us to say, what our own suc

however, in which we take more than ordi, observation which had that day fallen from the nary interest. Believing the slavery of our

representative of the Parent Bible Society (the Rev. cess has been ; we may, however, be permit- Colonies to le a monstrous violation of the a detail of its operations, stated that Bibles had been

T. Brooke, of the Established Church,) who, in giving ted to remark, that neither neglect nor consemuation has been our lot. Friendly

rights of our common nature, inconsistent distributed among the Slaves of certain estates strictures, indeed, we have received, and with the principles of our Constitution, and in the island of Antigua, with the consent of their

owners! Now, the Bible was admitted by every repugnant to the spirit and precepts of the Christian mind to be an invaluable boon, which thankfully acknowledged. We invite their Christian faith, we shall lose no opportu. directed the sinner to a Saviour, and was fraught lumns may call for them. He who refuses to bringing down upon it the indignation of the flowed fully and freely, to us; its invitation;"

a hope full of Its avail himself of the suggestions of others must have a most overweening conceit of for strenuous exertions on behalf of the yet the poor enslaved African could only receive it his own powers.

Negro race ; for their oppressors are now as Mr. B. trusted they would bear this in mind, and We have now proceeded sufficiently far to intent on their exclusion from the privileges ceaselessly call for the annihilation of a system whigh know the nature of our undertaking; we of Christianity, as from the comforts of

was alike a disgrace to England and Christendom.

A very numerous and respectable auditory cordir ally have learnt somewhat of its difficulties, and social life.

responded to these appropriate sentiments.

are re

APHORISMS.

SUPERSTITIONS.

escaped from some other vessel, but had not previ.

ously been discovered to have taken refuge on this. ANOTHER diversity of method, whereof the conse The following anecdotes are recorded in

Another of our officers mentioned, that on one of

his voyages, he remembered a boy having been sent quence is great, is the delivery of knowledge in the very interesting voyage of Messrs. Bennet up to clear a rope which had got foul above the aphorisms, or methods, wherein we may observe that and Tyerman round the world ; and they mizen: top. Presently, however, he returned back, few axioms or observations upon any subject, to are worth republishing, as showing the ab- trembling, and almost tumbling to the bottom

declaring that he had seen “Old Davy" aft the make a solemn and formal art, filling it with some surdity and groundlessness of some supersti- cross-trees; moreover, that the evil one had a huge discourses, and illustrating it with examples, and tious fears.

head and face, with prick ears, and eyes as bright digesting it into a sensible method : but the writing in aphorisms hath many excellent virtues, whereto

as fire. Two or three others were sent up in succes

Our chief mate told us, that on-board a ship the writing in method doth not approach.

where he had served, the 'mate on duty ordered sion; to all of whom the apparition glared forth, and some of the youths to reef the main-top-sail.

was identified by each to be “Old Davy," sure For first, it trieth the writer, whether he be superficial or solid : for aphorisms, except they should saying, “ It blows hard." The lad waited for no more; When the first got up, he heard a strange voice enough." The mate, in a rage, at length mounted

himself, when resolutely, as in the former case, be ridiculous, cannot be made but of the pith, and he was down in a trice, and telling his adventure. Å searching for the bugbear, he soon ascertained the heart of sciences; for discourse of illustration is second immediately ascended, laughing at the folly innocent cause of so much terror to be a large horned cut off'; recitals of examples are cut of'; discourse of his companion, but returned even more quickly, owl, so lodged as to be out of sight to those who asof connexion and order is cut off; descriptions of declaring that he was quite sure that a voice not of

side the , practice are cut off; so there remaineth nothing to this world had cried in his ear “It blows hard !”

anyone approached the cross-trees, popped up his por6ll the aphorisms but some good quantity of obser- Another went, and another, but each came back with

tentous visage to see what was coming. The mate vation; and therefore no man can suffice, nor in the same tale. At length the mate, having sent up the brought him down in triumph, and "Old Davy," reason will attempt to write aphorisms, but he that whole watch, ran up the shrouds himself, and when he

the owl, became a very peaceable ship-mate among is sound and grounded. But in methods reached the haunted spot, heard the dreadful words

the crew, who were no longer scared by his horns Tantum series juncturaque pollet,

distinctly uttered in his ears, “ It blows hard !" and eyes; for sailors turn their backs on nothing Tantum de medio sumptis accedit honoris ; " Aye, aye, old one, but, blow it ever so hard, we

when they know what it is. Had the birds, in these

two instances, departed as secretly as they came, of as a man shall make a great show of an art, which, if must ease the earings for all that,” replied the mate,

course they would have been deemed supernatural it were disjointed, would come to little. Secondly, meundauntedly; and, looking round, he spied a fine thods are more fil to win consent or belief, but less parrot perched on one of the clues, the thoughtless visitants to the respective ships, by all who had fit to point to action; for they carry a kind of demon author of all the false alarms, which had probably heard the one or seen the other," stration in orb orcircle, one part illuminating another, and therefore satisfy ; but particulars being dispersed, so best agree with dispersed directions. And lastly, aphorisms, representing a knowledge broken, do invite men to inquire farther; whereas methods, carrying the show of a total, do secure men as if they were at farthest.-LORD BACON. (Advance ment of Learning.)

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A religion without its mysteries is a temple without a God.-ROBERT HALL.

Justice is itself the standing policy of all civil government; and any eminent departure from it, under any circumstances, lies under the suspicion of being no policy at all. --Burke.

To equal robbery with murder, is to reduce murder to robbery; to confound in common minds the gradations of iniquity, and incite the commission of a greater crime, to prevent the detection of a less.--DR. JOHNSON.

Politeness is the art of making a selection from what one thinks.-MADAME DE STAEL.

It often happens that men who arraign religion have first been arraigned by it; and their defiance of truth is only a refusal upon conscience.-BISHOP WARBURTON.

Christianity is not only a living principle of virtue in good men, but affords this further blessing to society, that it restrains the vices of the bad; it is a tree of life, whose fruit is immortality, and whose very leaves are for the healing of the nations.ANDREW FULLER.

ACUTENESS OF HEARING IN ANIMALS.-Cats and dogs can hear the movements of their prey at incredible distances, and that even in the midst of noise, which we should have thought would have

THE FIRE-WORSHIPPERS. overpowered such effects. Rabbits, when alarmed, forcibly strike the earth with their feet, by the vi

. The above is a representation of one of the fire induces them to keep a sacred fire conbration of which they communicate their appre.

religious rites of the Persees, or Fire-wor-stantly burning, which they feed with odorihensions to burrows very remote. As an instance of the discriminating power of the ear of the ele shippers. This singular tribe were anciently ferous wood, both in their temples and in the phant, we may mention a circumstance that oc. inhabitants of Persia, from which they were private houses of such persons as possess sufcurred in the memorable conflict of shooting the driven by an invasion of the Arabs, and ficient wealth to afford this expense.

In the soldiers had discharged thirty balls," he gives settled in Bombay, and in some of the

one of their temples at Bombay, Niebuhr stooped and deliberately sunk on his haunches. southern parts of Hindoostan. Niebuhr, in asserts that he saw a fire which had burnt Mr. "Herring, conceiving that a shot had struck his Travels, describes them as a very quiet, unextinguished for two centuries; and so he's down and so he was only for a moment. He amiable, and hospitable race of people, and jealous are they of the sanctity of fire, that leapt up with renewed vigour, and at least eighty gives much interesting information respecting they never even blow out a light, lest their balls were successively discharged at him from dif the peculiar customs and religious notions and breath soil the purity of the fame. As well as ferent positions before he fell a second time. Pre- ceremonies by which they are distinguished. paying the honour of worship to the heavenly ing of Exeter 'Change by his furious lunges, flying They profess themselves followers of the relic bodies, they firmly believe in the influence round his den with the speed of a race horse. In gion of Zerdust or Zoroaster, and like him, which they exert on the destinies of this the midst of the crash of timber and the hallooing of acknowledge one God only as eternal and al- world, and the lives of individuals, although in his usual cry, Chunee bite--Chunee bite !' which mighty. Theypay, however, a certain worship they are for the most part in entire ignorance was his command to kneel, and the noble beast ac to the sun, the moon, the stars, and to fire, as of those facts and theories respecting them tually knelt, and received a wolley of balls that ter: visible images or symbols of the invisible

Di- which modern science has unfolded. ( ture.)

vinity. This veneration for the element of

TITLE TO SLAVE PROPERTY.

| African Slaves, by prevailing upon them to | fought, which lasted three days, and the eo

mahe war upon each other, and to sell their í gagement was so bloody, that four thousand five (From the Watchman, Aug. 6, 1831.) prisoners. Till then they seldom had any wars: hundred men were slain upon the spot.'

“ Such is the manner wherein the Negroes "At a meeting of the Freebolders and other but were in general quiet and peaceable. But inbabitants of the parish of St. Thomas in and avarice, and then hired them to sell one Gospel to the Heathens!".

the white men first laught them drunkenness are procured! Thus the Christians preach the the Vale, Jamaica, held at the Court House, another. Nay, by this means, even their I know it will be said, that however bad on the 30th ult.' It was resolved:

Kings are induced to sell their own suivjects. the original title might have been, it has “lst. That the property we hold in Slaves So Mr. Moore, Factor of the African Company become good by lapse of time and the law of in this Island has been lawfully acquired, in 1730, informs us : When the King of Bar- the land. But no length of time can justify under the authority of the laws of the United salli wants goods or brandy, he sends to the robbery and murder, and no English law can Kingdom, and that it ought to be held as English Governor at James' Fort, who immer abrogate the Divine law: “He that stealeth sacred as any other description of property arrives, he plunders some of his neighbours'

a man and selleth him, or if he be found in belonging to his Majesty's subjects. “ 3d. That it has ever been the pride and towns, selling the people fir the goods he wants. his hands, he shall surely be put to death.

Even though the statutes of England may boast of the British constitution that no in- towns, and malies bold to sell his own subjects.' be adduced to justify the Slave-trade, they dividual, however humble, can be deprived So M. Brue says, 'I wrote to the King (not cannot be brought to justify the present of his property without full and ample com- the same) if he had a sufficient number of system of Slavery, or the reducing the chilpensation. If, therefore, we are compelled slaves I would treat with him. He seized dren of the victims of the Slave-trade to to part with ours, we claim the right of being three hundred of bis own people, and sent

bondage paid the worth of our lands, buildings, slaves, woril, he was ready to deliver them for goods.

He adds, "Some of the natives are always and other plantation property, not according ready, when well paid, to surprise and carry

THE HYDROSTATIC BED FOR to their present value, but the amount of off iheir own countrymen. They come at

INVALIDS. what they would have been sold for before night without noise, and if they find any lone The learned and ingenious author of the “Elethey were deteriorated by the acts and mis-coitage, surround it and carry off'all the people.' | ments of Physics," has recently given to the representations of this party:" (meaning those Barbot (another French Factor) says, "Many world one of those inventions, which show the who are pleading for the freedom of the of the Slaves sold by the Negroes are prisoners beneficial power of science in alleviating the Slaves.)

of war, or taken in the incursions they make sufferings of humanity. It is a bed, of which It is rather strange that the freeholders of

into their enemy's territories. Others are the substratum is water, and which, in conse

stolen. Abundance of litt St. Thomas in the Vale did not perceive sexes, are stolen away by their neighbours, can support the most delicate invalid without

cks of both quence of the peculiar properties of that elemeot, that by the last of these resolutions, they not when found abroail on the road, or in the wools, sensible inequality of pressure. The idea oe only declare their slaves entitled to their li- or else in the corn-fields, at the time of year curred to Dr. Arnott, in endeavouring to initiberty, but also to full compensation for the when their parents keep them there all the day gate the sufferings of a laily who, after a prewhole of their unpaid labour, which has here to scare is way the devouring birds'. That their inature confinement, passed through a comtofore been applied solely to their masters' own parents sell them, is utterly false : whites, bination and succession of low fever, jaun

dice, and phlegmasia dolens of benefit. Should this resolution be enforced, not blacks, are without natural affection!

one leg. the whole wealth of the Indies would not

“ To s. t the mauner wherein Negroes are In her staie of extreme depression and be sufficient to repay the injured Africans and procured in a yet stronger light, it will suffice debility, she rested too long in one pos

ture, and the parts of the body on whichi siie their descendants the heavy arrears due to this account. The first is taken verbatim from hail 'rested all suffered—a slouglı formell on the them. But whenever these “ humble indi- the original manuscript of the Surgeon's sucrum, another on the heel, and in the left hip, viduals” attempt to recover the property of Journal.

on which she had lain, much inflammation their own bodies, and to retain their own “Sestro, Dec. 29, 1724.- No trade today, began, which termined in abscess. Mr. Earle's labour for their own benefit, they are mur-tough many traders came on board. They in bel tor invalids, with air pillows, was tried dered with the most unchristian barbarity.

formed us, that the people are gone to without success, and her life was considered in examine into the title of the two or three days; in hopes of which we stay.

within land, and will bring prisoners enough in imminent danger. It was then the hydrostatic “ Freeholders” to their “

bed was first constructed, of which we give the Slaves," we shall

"The 30th.– No trade yet; but our traders following account in the words of the inventor: find it to be the very worst that can be. came on board to-day, and informed us the peo “ A trough of convenient length and brea:lth Volumes might be, and indeed are, filled ple liad burnt four towns: so that to-morrow and a foot deep, was lined with metal to make with accounts of the illegal and barbarous we expect slaves off.

it water-tight; it was about half filled with manner in which this property was first

6. The 31st.–Fair weather, but no trading water, and over it was thrown a sheet of the produced : an extract from John Wesley's yet. We see each night towns burning. But India-rubber cloth, as large as would be a comThoughts on Slavery,” will answer our

we hear many of the Sestro men are killed by plete lining to it if empty. Of this sheet the present purpose :

the inland Negroes: so that we fear this war edges, touched with varnish, to prevent the will be unsuccessful.

water creeping round by capillary attraction, “In what manner are they procured ? Part

65 • The 2d of January.--Last night, we saw were afterwards secured in a water-tight man. of them by fraud. Captains of ships from a prodigious fire break out about eleven o'clock, ner, all round to the upper border or top of time to time, invited Negroes to come on board, and this morning see the town of Sestro burnt the trough, shutting in the water as closely as and then carried them away. But far more down to the ground; it contained some hundred it it had been in bottles, the only entrance left have been procured by force. The Christians bouses. So that we find their enemies are too being through an opening at one corner, which landing upon their coasts, seized as many as hard for them at present, and consequently our could be perfectly closed. Upon this expanded they found, men, women, and children, and trade spoiled here. Therefore about seven dry sheet, a suitable mattrass was laid, and contransported them to America. It was about o'clock we weighed anchor, to proceed lower stituted a bed ready to receive its pillow and bed1551, that the English began trading to Guinea : Jown.”

clothes, and not distinguishable from a common at first, for gold and elephant's teeth, but soon

" The second extract taken from the bed, but by its most surpassing sottness or after, for men. In 1556, Sir John Hawkins Journal of a Surgeon, who went from New yielding. The bed was carried to the patient's sailed with two ships to Cape Verd, where he York on the same trade, is as follows: “The house, and she was laid upon it; she was insent eighty men on shore to catch Negroes. Commander of the vessel sent to acquaint the stantly relieved in a remarkable degree But the natives flying, they fell farther down, King, that he wanted a cargo of slaves. The sweet sleep came to her; she awoke refreshed; and there set the men on shore, 'to burn their King promised to furnish him, and in order to she passed the next night much better then towns and take the inhabitants.' But they do it, set out, designing to surprise some town, usual; and on the following day Mr. Earle met with sich resistance, that they had seven and make all the people prisoners. Some time found that all the sores bad assumed a healiby men killed, and took but ten Negroes. So they afier, the King sent him word, he had not yet appearance; the healing from that time went Went still farther down, till liaving taken met with the desired success, having attempted on rapidly, and no new sloughs were formed. enough, they proceeded to the West Indies and to break up two towns, but having been twice Dr. Arnoit claims no property in the invention. sold them.

repulsed: but that he still hoped to procure the He gives permission to any person to construct " It was sometime before the Europeans number of Slaves. In this design he persisted, the bed, and wishes the invention to be genefound a more compendious way of procuring till he met his enemies in the field; a battle was rally known for the benefit of humanity.

war

If we

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