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PARLIAMENTARY CANDIDATES. LABOURERS in the fields, in hot weather, who

to receive the opinions of Parliamentary Candidates on “ Fiat justitia rat cælum."

are always drinking, and yet always dry, would the abolition of Colonial Slavery, before the sub of do well to try Major Denham's plan, instead of October, when the schedules will be made up for the

fifth noinber of “THE TOURIST," and the Provincial TO THE EDITOR OF THE TOURIST. pouring down their throats such quantities of beer

papers. and cyder, the money expended in which would By order of the Committee of the Agency Anti-Slavery SIR,- Should you think this worthy a corner in obtain for them a nourishing meal of beef or mut Society;

JOHN CRISP, Secretary. your valuable “ Tourist,” it is at your service.

For health and strength in regard to drink,

18, Aldermanbury, Oct. 4.

Where may be bad the following short papers, Some years ago I had occasion to visit a friend, the half is better than the whole. Frequent drink

al 48. per 1000. not a huodred miles from Weybridge, and, staying ing after the sun has risen should always be

No.1. “A few Plain Questions to Plain Men." over the Sabbath, of course went to church. The avoided ; it causes the same sickness, drooping, - 2.“ Common Sense against Colonial Logic." officiating clergyman was newly appointed to the and thirst in the animal, that may be observed in - 3. “ Citizens and Fellow Countrymen." living; and such was his love of pedantry that, to the vegetable kingdom. Plants may be completely

- 4. “ On Pledges from Parliamentary Candidates."

- 5.“ Taxation in aid of Slavery ibc Worst of all use a clerical phrase, not one tithe part of his saturated with water at night, and will preserve

Tyranny." congregation could understand his discourse; the their freshness through the whole of the following -0. " Why and Because applied to Negro Slavery." consequence of which was, a vestry was called, a day, though exposed to the sun; but, if slightly 7. £1,000,000 !!!- Electors of the United Kingpetition to him agreed to, requesting he would in watered in the morning, how different is their ap

8.“ A Scene in Real Life." future clothe his language in a more homely way. pearance! So it is with man. During the whole To the best of my recollection I present you with of our desart travelling, on going to rest, I always

Now ready, Part I. of the a verbatim report of his apology. : Worthy and drank freely, seldom ventering to put the cup WORKSe of the hatev MR, LIVERSEEGE; beloved hearers, my oral documents having been again to my lips till the following night; yet

quiry,” and “Captain MacLeath, beautifully engraved recently the subject of your vituperation, from suffered less from the heat and thirst than my by Giller, Quilley, and Ward. Prints, 10s. 64. ; Proof, their incompatibility with your mental endow- companions, who usually drank during the day. £1 ls. ; separate Prints, 58. ments, I hope and trust it will not be deemed an

London : Moon, Boys, and Graves, 6, Pall-Mall; and instance of vain eloquence or supererogation if I

J. C. Grundy, Manchester.

Also, just pnblicked, laconically promulgate, that, avoiding all syllogis.

LADY PEEL. Painted by Sir Thomas Lawrence, tical or hypothetical allusions, all parabolical or

Among the standing orders of the House of exquisitely engraved by Samuel Cousios. Prints, 123. hyperbolical extenuations or exaggerations, my fu- Commons, issued about the middle of the seven- Proofs, £1 ls.; India Proofs, £1 lls. 6d. ; before Les ture thesis and hypothesis, whether logical, phy- teenth century, we find the following:-“ Ordered, ters, £2 2s. sical, metaphysical, political, or polemical, shail , that no Member of the House do presume to smoke

BOOKS, definitively and categorically, be assimilated with, tobacco in the gallery, or at the table of the House, and rendered congenial to, ihe cerebrums, caputs, sitting as committees." A Member of Parliament and sensoriums of you, my respectable and intel

of the seventeenth had not the dignity which per- Jost published, in 3 vols. post 8vo. price 24s. boants, ligent congregation.”

taineth to an M. Pof the nineteenth century, and Talences Or Blood CBLADE the Conser Yours respectfully, could, it appears, find pleasure in a pipe-a homely,

quences of an Irish Clearing. A Tale of the though a somewhat inelegant, luxury. What a B. C. scene must St. Stephen's have presented in the olden deserves, it will have many readers, who cannot fail to find

" If this very excellent work has the surcess it so frfly time, when probably a representative, in alluding in its pages something more valuable than mere ameseto another, would speak of the “honourable mem- ment."- Imperial Magazine.

"The Double Trial' leads to an acqnaintauce with Triert is something in the morning air that, officer with the short-cut.” It must have been ber now lighting his pipe," or of “the gallant

most of the topics which engage the attention at the while it defies the penetration of our proud and amusing to hear disclaimers of any intention to be

present critical period, and bot only tbe desuliony render,

but the politician, the divine, the lawyer, and the philo shallow philosophy, adds brightness to the blood, personal “on the learned gentleman now blowing sopher, may peruse this well-written workicho are le porte freshness to life, and vigour to the whole frame ; the freshness of the lip, by the way, is, according feelings of the “worthy member who has just —Cheltenliam Journal.

a cloud opposite," or of any wish to wound the intensely interesting to every miember of the cominnnit)." to Dr. Marshall Hall, one of the surest marks of health. If ye would be well, therefore—if ye emptied his tobacco-box.”

Published by Smith, Elder, and Co., Cornbill. would have your heart dancing gladly, like the April breeze, and your blood dowing like an

TOE We following STANDARD WORKS April brook-up with the lark- the merry lark,” The Queen had a dog of extreme beauty, and of EDUCATION and ENTERTAINMENT, price Fooras Shakspeare calls it, which is “the ploughman's Ferdinand, whilst pretending to play with him,

pence each, in a NEAT WRAPPER; also, in Weekly

Numbers, price One Penny eachi, viz. clock," to warn him of the dawn--up and break- caused him to swallow a little ball, in which were

PENNY LAW LIBRARY fast on the morning air-fresh with the odour of small pins stuck in various directions, and then Penny STANDARD WORKS PENNY UNIVERSAL. Brobudding flowers, and all the fragrance of the mai-covered over with paste. The unhappy dog swal


PENNY ANCIENT HISTORY den spring ;-up from your nerve-destroying down lowed the fatal ball, when the Prince, holding in

PENNY HISTORY OF Exbed, and from the foul air pent within your close his hand a piece of twine, to which he had attached PENNY GEOGRAPHY AND drawn curtains, and, with the sun, "walk o'er the the ball, began to draw it upwards. The dog ut.

GAZETTEER dew of yon high eastern bills." But we must tered piteous cries; the Queen ran to his aid, and Office, 113, Strand. Agents throughout the Kingdors defend the morning air from the aspersions of the young wretch, redoubling his efforts, caused a

Now ready, neatly bound in cloth, price Is. 6d. each those who sit in their close, airless studies, and portion of the intestines of the animal to attach to

volume, and in weekly nombers, price 2d., talk of the chilling dew and the unwholesome the pins, and drew it through his throat. damps of the dawn. We have all the facts in our

of Original and Select MAGIC TALES, &C., cf favour that the fresh of the morning is uniformly

the most intense Interest; being highly calculated to lewholesome; and, having the facts, we pitch such

struet and Amose both Young and Old. Ewbellished shallow philosophy to fools who have nothing else lion of sap is carried on in trees, some interesting In the course of ascertaining how far a circula

Published by G. Cowie, 312, Strand. for a foot-ball.

facts have been determined by Mr. Knight and
others, with regard to the effect of inverting stems, M

ORA L S O N G S. or, in other words, of planting the superior part of

Words by Composed by ?. d. the stem, and thus converting it into a root. If Tue Rev. P. Jones, the Indian Chief, thus the stem of a plum or cherry tree, which is not

The Weather Glass.,....W.F. Collard, J. Clifton.. I 6 'Tis a sweet thing to

} ditto........ ditto.... I 6 writes to the Editor of the Canaria Guardian :

too thick, be bent, and the top be put under The Nightingale ........ditto........ditto....? “ London is a great city, and is full of people. I ground, while the roots are gradually detached, in

The Swan...

....ditto..... ditto,... 6 wonder how they all get their living, for they are

The dear delights of Duty....diuto........ditto.... I 6 as thick as musquetoes, and almost run over one firmly fixed in the soil, the branches of the root proportion as the former top of the stem becomes Then of goodness, os

....ditto........ditto.... 16 another. There you may see the rich man who will shoot forth leaves and flowers, and, in due

never delay the hours

TbeWandering Minstrel. ....ditto........ditto....1 has every thing he wants, and here you may see time, will produce fruit.

O the Eye that's bright. ditto........ditto..... 6 the poor man who knows not where he may get

The pure Heart's clieer->

....dilo........litto.,.. 16 his next meal."

Among the cheap publications, one claiming Awake, 0 Sleeper..









with Plates.


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ditto... particular attention has just appeared in the form Ny pretty Ande, good night..ditto.....

.......ditto....16 Ix confinement the goldfinch bas often been of a large and comprehensive “ DIap of London,” | Published by Collard and Collard (late Clementi and Co.), known to live sixteen or eighteen years. Gesner at the low price of sixpence. It is on a large sheet

26, Cheapside. saw one at Mentz which had attained to twenty- of drawing-paper, about three feet long by two three; but the people of the house were obliged wide, and has the useful appendage of three hunonce a week to scrape its nails and bill, that it dred references. We conceive that no one would ated by J. HADDO and Co.; and Published might eat, drink, and sit on its bar. It had sub- be without this most excellent guide in their walks by J. CRISP, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster. sisted principally on poppy seeds; it was incapable round" town." It is published by Lacey, St.

Row, where all Advertisements and Communal of Hying, and all its feathers had become white. Paul's Church Yard.

cations for the Fditor are to be addressech




Sketch Book of the Times.

“I pencilled things I saw, and profited by things I heard.”—LETTER OF A WALKING GENTLEMAN.

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The above description of initiation into the aspirant. After entering the grand vesti-Stobæus : " It was a rude and fearful march Eleusinian mysteries will give the reader bule of the mystic shrine, he was led by the through night and darkness.”. Presently some faint idea of the Persian and Indian hierophant, amidst surrounding darkness the ground began to rock beneath his feet, mysteries, of which the former were pro- and incumbent horrors, through all

the ex- the whole temple trembled, and strange and bably the copy.

tended ailes, winding avenues, and gloomy dreadful voices were heard through the midNothing can be conceived more solemn adyta. The Metempsychosis was one of the night silence.

To these succeeded other than the rites of initiation into the greater leading principia taught in those temples, louder and more terrific noises, resembling mysteries, as described by Apuleius and and this first stage was intended to represent thunder ; while quick and vivid Hashes of Dion Chrysostome, who had both gone the toilsome wanderings of the benighted lightning darted through the cavern, disthrough the awful ceremony ; nothing more soul through the mazes of vice and error playing to his view many ghastly sights and tremendous and appalling than the scenery before initiation; or in the words of an

hideous spectres, emblematical of the variexhibited before the eyes of the terrified | ancient writer quoted by Warburton from ous vices, diseases, infirmities, and calami

ties, incident in that state of terrestrial bond. -Because ignorance maintains the upper- ploughed up for winter fallows ; and, unless age from which his struggling soul was now band, and the blessings even of elementary | the weather be very wet, the wheat sowing going to emerge, as well as of the horrors education are withbeld froin the islanders. and penal torments of the guilty in a future All the sandal-wood has been felled, and the is completed, to which we are to owe our

Forest and fruit state. At this period, all the pagerints of only source of their former prosperity being next abundant harvest

. vulgar idolatry, all the train of gods, su- scarcely been taniliarized with the wants of a is as busy in his useful and manly labours,

the poor creaturrs have trees, too, are now planted; and the farmer pernal and infernal, passed in awful succes-civilized state of being before the means of as the "sportsman” is, in his useless and sion before him, and a hymn, called the satisfying them have disappeared. Meals are unmanly torturing of timid beasts, and Theology of Idols, recounting the genealogy found in the Sandwich Islands, and pieces of beautiful and harmless birds. and functions of each, was sung: afterwards, molten gold have been collected in Owyhee, and the whole fabulous detail was solemnly re- silver and copper in O-a-hu; nothing certain, canted by the mystagogue; a divine hymn however, is known as to their exis'ence in any in honour of ETERNAL

ORACLE OF ORIGINS.No. IV. abundance. The religious and political state of

AND IMMUTABLE TRUTH was chanted, and the profounder wretched indeed, and originates in a most dethe Sandwich Islands, at the present day, is

DEODANDS-In our customs, is a thing mysteries commenced. “ And now, arrived plorable occurrence.

After the death of the given or forfeited, as it were to God, for the on the verge of death and initiation, every celebrated governor, Karaimoku, (better known pacification of his wrath in case of a misadthing wears a dreadful aspect ; it is all hor- by the name of William Pitt), bis brother venture, whereby a Christian soul comes to a ror, trembling, and astonishment.” An icy Boli, who accompanied Riho-Riho to England, violent end, without the fault of any reasonchilliness seizes his limbs ; a copious dew, became prime minister in 0-a-hu. This able creature. If a horse strikes its keeper like the damp of real death, bathes his individual protected the young king as well and kills him—if a man driving a cart, falls temples; he staggers, and his faculties begin trígues of the missionaries. It is now about so as the cart wheel runs over him, and to fail; when the scene is of a sudden fourteen months since he set sail for the new presses him to death.--if one, by felling, a changed, and the doors of the interior and Hebrides in the brig Tamea hainea, for which the tree, and giving warning to the standers by

1 splendidly-illuminated temple are thrown king paid 40,000 hard dollars, besides a quan- to look to themselves, yet a man is killed by wide open. A“ miraculous and divine light tity of sandalwood. He took about 360 Indian the fall thereof, - in the first place, the discloses itself: and shining plains and warriors with him, apparently with the view horse ; in the second, the cart wheel, cart, flowery meadows open on all hands before of making descents and conquering new terri; and horses ; and in the third, the tree, is him.”. Arrived at the bourn of mortality, has been heard of her fate; and the conse: the king, to be distributed to the poor by his

Deodandus, “to be given to God," that is to after having trod the gloomy threshold of

quence Proserpine, I passed rapidly through all

the own followers with him from Owybee, con- almoner, for expiation of this dreadful event, surrounding elements; and, at deep mid-spiring with his sister, the dowager queen though effected by irrational, nay, senseless night, beheld the sun shining in meridian mother, now reigns paramount in these islands and deadly creatures. splendour. The clouds of mental error, and The young monarch observed to me himself Omnia quwe movent ad mortum sunt deodando. the shades of real darkness being now alike one evening, Things will be quite changed " What moves to death, or kills him dead,

Is deodand and forfeited." dissipated, both the soul and the body of again when Boli comes back.'—But Boli will the initiated experienced a delightful vicis never come back."

This law seems to be an imitation of that in situde; an and, while the latter, purified with

Exodus, chap. 21, If an ox gore a man or lustrations, bounded in a blaze of glory, the


woman with his horns, so that they die, he foriver dissolved in a tide of overwhelming

shall be stoned to death, and his flesh not to transport.

This may be said to be the month in which be eat; so shall his owner be innocent."

autumn is decidedly set in. The leaves now Parson. Though we write parson difTHE SANDWICH ISLANDS.

strew the ground in desolate and dreary ferently, yet it is but person ; that is, the

abundance; and most of the birds which individual person set apart for the service of (Extracted from a letter written on the spot last migrate to our shores in the spring, and such a church ; and it is in Latin persona, “O-A-puis, in every sense of the word, a delight us with their sweet warblings through and personalus is a personage ; indeed with second paradise. There is not a single pro- the summer, have now winged their way to the canon lawyers, personalus is any dignity duetion of the vegetatile kingdom bit thrives less frigid and more congenial climes. The or preferment'in the church. here with the great st luxuriance, and every trees grow daily more and more bare, and animal imported into the island has increased in the stubble-fields and fallows look as dismal with a cross of two bars, armed at the end

TURNPIKES - Were originally formed an astonishing manner. The horned cattle

as though they had been laid waste by fire. in Owyhee have grown wild, and live in large

But though the fields and the forests have with pikes turning on a pin, and fixed to herds upon the acciivities of the snow-capt

now parted with the volcanic mountains. It will scarcely be cre

tinted beauties many

prevent the passage of horses, &c.--hence

the term. dited, that these animals at times attack the which they so lately presented to our gaze, Indian villages and compel the inhabitants to the hedge-rows which received the thousand BARONET.-Signifies a little baron, and escape for their lives. The missionaries, who pimps of summer we scarcely deigned to accordingly is a degree of honour next below would als ost appear to sport with the welfare notice, offer some bright colours and beau. a Baron and above a Knight. The order of their focks, have contrived to have the cul- tiful shapes to our view. The nightshade, was founded by James I, 1611. It is the tivation of the mare important species of colo- the holly, the privet, and the alder, are now lowest degree of hereditary honour. nial productions strictly prohibited. Do.: Franin the pride of their beauty ; and boys gather cisco Jarini, a man of vulgar education but of an intelligent and upright mind, whose name blackberries, and hips and haws, and almost

CRIER EXTRAORDINARY.-A gentleman informs will always stand foremost in the annals of forget that

us that, while sojourning at one of the towns in Polynesian agriculture, bas introduced the “ The beautiful summer is gone."

Virginia, he encountered in the street, a stout double

lunged negro, who was ringing a hand-bell most most useful plants from every quarter. His

The good housewife must now take her manfully; after labouring at it sometime, the fellow Guatimalo cocoa is of the finest quality ;-he likewise cultivates coffee, limes, oranges, grapes, bees will otherwise begin to consume it, gridirons-book-oyster.knives, and odder kinders sweet store of honey from the hives; for the made a dead halt, and bellowed out

something to the

following effect :-“ Sale dis nite-frying-pansasplenia popaya from the Marquesas islands, tannrinds, cotton, pine-apples, and other fruits from the failure of the nectar-bearing flow- medicines-Joe Williams will hab some fresh oysters A M. Serrere of Batavia has also introduced ers, upon which they disported and ban- will gib imitations ober again-two or three dozen iniligo, which bas turned out of an excellent quetted during the summer.

damaged discussion gun-locks, and-Rev Mr. P-Q Jestription. But every one of these products,

Now, too, is the time for taking wild fowl o'clock precise-dats not all; widout money or

will deliber a sarmont on temperance, half past six on which the preperity of so many civilized nations depends, even to the growth of the in the fens of Lincolnshire and Cambridge, price-de great bull Phillip will be statint at Squire sugar-cane on a large scale, are lost to the and for brewing the good old English be- 3—5—and dats not all nudder : --dare will be a perlite people of this region: and why are they lost? verage-ale!

Now stubble fields are done."

and coloured ball at Mrs. Jolinson's jus arter dis is SLATE QUARRIES.


It was like a subterranean world! Above the blasted walls of slate, smooth as a mirror, and several hundred feet long, scarcely enough of the blue heaven was visible to enable me to distinguish mid-day from twilight. The earth on which we stood was likewise blasted rock ; just in the middle was a deep cleft six or eight feet vide. Some children of the workmen were amusing themselves in leaping across the cliasm, for the sake of earning a few pence. The perpen

dicular sides were hung with men, who looked MEMS. OF A SLAVE.

Methodist, and highly valuable to him (and like dark birds, striking the rock with their

not the less so for being the mother of eight long picks, and throwing down masses of “ Facts-not fictions."

or nine children), whose husband, also of our slate which fell with a sharp and clattering (From the Antigua Register, June 5, connection, was the property of another sound. But on a sudden the whole moun1832.)

resident on the island, where I happened to tain seemed to totter, loud cries of warning Auction OF BUILDINGS AND Slaves. be at the time. Their masters not agreeing re-echoed from various points—the mine was -On Wednesday the 13th inst, at 11 o'clock, will be sold, on the premises, those the beach to be an eye-witness of their sprung. A large mass of rock loosened itself

slowly and majestically from above, fell extensive and valuable buildings, of C. K. behaviour in

behaviour in this greatest pang of all

. down with a mighty plunge, and while

One by one the man kissed his children with dust and splinters darkened the air like Dow, Esq., with three cisterns, and extensive out-offices, all of which have been

the firmness of a hero, and, blessing them, smoke, the thunder rang along in wild echoes. put in most excellent repair, and fit for gave as his last words—Coh! will it be be- These operations, which are of almost daily the immediate reception of one or more fa- lieved, and have no influence upon our vene

necessity in one part or other of the quarry, milies. Immediately after,

ration of the Negro?)—" Farewell! Be are so 'dangerous, that, according to the THIRTY SLAVES,

HONEST AND OBEDIENT TO YOUR MASTER!" statement of the overseer himself, they calconsisting of carpenters, house-servants, field. At length he had to take leave of his wife : culate on the average of a hundred and fifty negroes, sailors, washers, &c. Particulars, at this moment), five or six yards from the see Herald, of 21st April last. Coleman mother of his children, unable to move, the workmen on this property, receives the

at this moment), five or six yards from the year. An hospital, exclusively devoted to H. Lamitt, Auctioneer.

speak, or do anything, but gaze, and still to wounded; and on my way I had met, withTerms made known at the sale.

gaze on the object of his long affection, soon out being aware of it, the body of one who Canst thou, and honoured with a Christian name, to cross the blue wave for ever from his had fallen the day before yesterday ;—"car Buy what is woman-born, and feel no shame? aching sight. The fire of his eye alone gave c'est comme un champ bataille.” The people Trade in the blood of innocence, and plead

indication of the passion within, until, after who escorted it were so smartly dressed and Expedience as a warrant for the deed? Not he, but his emergence forced the door, some minutes standing thus, he fell sense

so decorated with flowers, that I at first took He found it inconvenient to be poor;

less on the sand, as if suddenly struck the procession for a wedding, and was shocked So may the ruffian, who with ghostly glide,

down by the hand of the Almighty, when, in answer to my inquiry for the brideDagger in hand, steals close to your bed-side.

A Briton knows,-or if he knows it not, Nature could do no more; the blood gushed groom, one of the attendants pointed in siThe Scripture placed within his reach, he ought, - from his nostrils and mouth, as if rushing lence to the coffin which followed at some That souls have no discriminating hue,

from the terrors of the conflict within, and distance. The overseer assured me that half Alike important in their Maker's view; That none are free from blemish since the fall; amid the confusion occasioned by the cir- these accidents were owing to the indifferAnd Love Divine has paid one price for all. cumstance, the vessel bore off his family ence of the men, who are too careless to

A clergyman who resided some years in for ever from the island! After some days remove in time and to a suficient distance, the West Indies, informs us, " that many What could an Englishman do in such a

he recovered, and came to ask advice of Me! though at every explosion they have full a bitter cry is heard whe the marshals' de

warning given them. The slate invariably puties are sent to hunt down and seize the case? I felt the blood boiling within me, splits in sharp edged Alakes, so that an inconvictims, and drive them away to the work- but I conquered: I brow-beat

my own man- siderable

piece thrown to a great distance, house or gaol, till the day of sale arrives hood, and gave him the humblest advice I is sufficient to cut a man's hand, leg or even which is to deprive them of all the little could afford.

head, clean off. On one occasion, this last, comforts which make even Slavery, in some

Mr. P. then narrated several other anec

as I was assured, actually happened.-(Tour measure, tolerable. The woman may be dotes to prove the liberality and

quickness in England.) separated from her husband, or parents from of intellect inherent in the slave population, their children. The tenderest ties of nature most of which were highly descriptive. are broken in an instant, and the wife's, or Let those who attempt to justify West

LACONICS. mother's, or children's cries would not be in Indian Slavery from Scripture, reconcile this

“ The best words of the best Authors," the least attended to, any more than the with the Mosaic law: " Ye shall have one moan of so many animals."

manner of law, as well for the stranger, Morals impose silence on the laws, and it is they The following affecting account of the se- as for one of your own country.”—Lev. alone that either aggrandise, or overthrow empires.

The virtues of a mother give virtue to her children; paration of a Negro family was related by xxxv. 22.

the virtues of a father give only fame. T. Pennock, a Wesleyan Missionary, at a

“ Hear the causes between your brethren, Riches take away more happiness than they public meeting at Newcastle. Doubtless and judge righteously between every man bestow, but one must have a soul to feel this. many such cases are continually occurring: and his brother, and the stranger that is trammelled in the magic of one, whom his reason “ A few years ago, it was enacted, that it with thee. If I did despise the cause of my bids him despise. should not be legal to transport once esta- man-servant, or of my maid-servant, when The man who is most slow in promising is most blished slaves from one island to another ; they contended with me; what shall I do sure to keep his word.

A great talker never wants enemies; the man of and a gentleman owner finding it advisable when God riseth up? And when he visiteth, sense speaks little, and hears much. to do so before the Act came in force, the what shall I answer him ? Did not he that He that runs against Time, has an antagonist not removal of great part of his live stock was the made me, make him? And did not one subject to casualties.

The more haste a man makes to unravel a skein consequence He had a female Slave, a fashion us ?"

of thread, the more he entangles it.



three pence

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I The cheapness of production is the great ADVANTAGES OF TEMPERANCE.

point to which we shall call your attention, We are obliged, from want of room, to defer noticing the cominunication of Juvenis, till our

as we give you other examples of the good Two glasses of gin every day, at three-halfpence Vrember. of machinery. In the case of books

a glass, cost four pounds eleven shillings and

proA highly respectable Correspondent. who has fur. duced by the printing-press you have a cheap

in a year; which would pay for

£ . d. Messrs. Bennett and Tyerman, skall hear from us in article, and an increased number of persons

A man's Shirt

0 6 0 a day or two. engaged in manufacturing that article. In

Pair Men's Stockings

0 1 9 almost all trades the introduction of machines Pair Women's ditto..

0 1 6 has, sooner or later, the like effects. This

Shift and Muslin Cap.

0 3 8

Printed Cotton Gown...
we shall show you as .we go on.

But to Full sized man's Cotton Shirt
make the matter even more clear, we shall Ditto ditte Fustian Coat
direct notice to the

book MONDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1832.

Pair large Blankets
Neck handkerchief

14 in your hand, to complete our illustration of

Pair Men's Shoes..

8 5 Ir is about 350 years since the art of print- the advantages of machinery to the consumer, Pair Women's ditto ing books was invented. Before that time that is, to the person who wants and buys

Flannel Petticoat..
Coarse Cloth Cloak

0 7 0 all books were written by the hand. There the article consumed, as well as to the pro- Quilting Waistcoat were many persons employed to copy out ducer, or the person who manufactures the Fustian Trowsers, lined...

0 7 6 books, but they were very dear, although the article produced.

Pair large Cotton Sheets

0 6 0 copiers had small wages. A Bible was sold This little book is intended to consist of

£4 2 for thirty pounds in the money of that day, 216 pages, to be printed, eighteen on a side, which was equal to a great deal more of our upon six sheets of printing paper, called by money. Of course, very few people had the makers demy. These sheets of demy, at

MY NOTE BOOK.-No.2. Bibles or any other books. An ingenious the price charged in the shops, would cost

THE MUSIC OF NATURE. man invented a mode of imitating the written fourpence. If the same number of words books by cutting the letters on wood, and were written, instead of being printed-that Nature seems to have mingled harmony in all her taking off copies from the wooden blocks by is, if the closeness and regularity of printing properly be called a temple of Discord; but wherever rubbing the sheet on the back; and soon were superseded by the looseness and uneven- Nature holds undisputed dominion, Music is the after other clever men thought of casting ness of writing,—they would cover 200 pages, the hum

of bees, the chorus of birds; nay, if these

partner of her empire-the" lonely voice of water," metal types or letters, which could be ar- or 50 sheets, of the paper called foolscap, be wanting, the very breeze that rustles through ranged in words, and sentences, and pages, which would cost in the shops three shillings; the foliage, is music. From the music of Nature, and volumes ; and then a machine, called a and you would have a book' difficult instead Solitude gains all her charms; for dead silence-printing-press, upon the principle of a screw, of easy to read, because writing is much terrifies then delights the mind : was made to stamp impressions of these types harder to decipher than print. Here, then, On earth 'twas yet all calm around, só arranged. There was an end, then, at besides the superiority of the workmanship,

A pulseless silence, dread, profound

More awful than the tempest's sound! once to the trade of the pen-and-ink copiers; is at once a saving of iwo shillings and eight- Perhaps it is the idea of mortality, thereby because the copiers in types, who could press pence to the consumer, by the invention of awakened, that makes absolute stillness so awful. We off several hundred books while the writers printing, all other things being equal. But cannot bear to think that even Nature herself

is were producing one, drove them out of the the great saving is to come. Work as hard neath us, and to listen to her accents amid the market. A single printer could do the work as he could, a writer could not transcribe this still retirements of her deserts. That solitude, in of at least two hundred writers. At first little book upon these 200 pages of foolscap | panding the heart and tranquillizing the passions, sight this seems a hardship, for a hundred in less than ten days; and he would think though far removed from the inharmonious din of and ninety-nine people might have been, and himself very ill paid to receive thirty shil-worldly business, is yet varied by such gentle sounds probably were, thrown out of their accus. lings for the operation. Adding, therefore, with the serenity of all surrounding objects ; thus tomed employment. But what was the con- a profit for the publisher and retail tradesman, Graysequence in a year or two? Where one a single written copy of this little book, which Now fades the glimmering landscape on my sight, written book was sold a thousand printed you buy for a shilling, could not be produced Sare where the beetle wheels his droning night, books were required. The old books were for two pounds. Is it not perfectly clear, And drowsy tinklings lull the distant folds. multiplied in all countries, and new books then, if there were no printing-press, if the

Even when Nature arrays herself in all her terwere composed by men of talent and learn- art of printing did not exist, that if we found rors

, when the thunder roars above our heads, and iny, because they then could find numerous purchasers at all for this dear book at the sense of his own insignificance-even this, withreaders. The printing press did the work cost of two pounds, we should only sell

, at be termed a grand chorus in the music of Nature. more neatly and more correctly than the the utmost, a fortieth part of what we now

Almost every scene in the creation bas its pecuwriter, and it did it infinitely cheaper. What sell; that instead of selling ten thousand liar music, by which its character as cheering, melanthen? The writers of books had to turn copies we could only sell, even if there were choly, awful, or lulling, is marked and defined. This their hands to some other trade, it is true; the same quantity of book-buying funds when the splendour of day has departed, how conbut type-founders, paper-makers, printers, amongst the few purchasers as amongst the sonant with the sombre gloom of night is the hum and bookbinders, were set to work, by the many, two hundred and fifty copies; and of the beetle, or the lonely, plaintive voice of the new art or machine, to at least a hundred that therefore, although we might employ Seasons revolve, a corresponding variation'taks place times greater number of persons than the old two hundred and tifty writers for in the music of Nature. As winter approaches, way of making books employed. If the pen week, instead of about twenty printers in the voice of birds, which cheered the days of summer, and-ink copiers could break the printing the same period, we should have forty times the leaves, now shrilly hisses through the naked presses and melt down the types that are less employment for paper-makers, ink, boughs; and the rill, that but a short time ago murused in London alone at the present day, makers, book-binders, and many other per- mured softly as it Howed along, gushes headlong in a twenty thousand people would at least be sons, besides the printers themselves, who

deafening torrent.

It is not therefore in vain that, in the full epirit thrown out of employment to make room for are called into activity by the large demand of prophetic song, Isaiah has called upon the mountwo hundred at the utmost; and what would which follows cheapness of production ?

tains to break forth into singing, “the forests, and

every tree thereof." Thus we may literally be said be even worse than all this misery, books Results of Machinery.

"find tongues in trees, books in the running could only be purchased, as before the in

brooks;" and as we look upward to the vault of vention of printing, by the few rich, instead


Heaven, we are inclined to believe, that

There's not the smallest which we behold, of being the guides, and comforters, and best

Oh! nought of self is in their gentle hearts

Bit in his motion like an angel sings, friends, of the millions who are now within The things we templ, and trample when they Still quiring to the young-eyed cherubim : reach of the benefits and enjoyments which


Such harmony is in immortal souls ; Danger and death, the dread that sin imparts But whilst this muddy vesture of decay they bestow.

Sadden but shake not, they will love through all. Doth grossly close it in, we cannot hear it.



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