Page images
PDF
EPUB

however, so abstracted from the world as a great fund of humour, which his infir- asunder in the middle.* The lightning, into lose sight altogether of its opinions; mities could never entirely destroy. In stead of darting through the air, skimmed and, interesting himself in the controversy company, he readily indulged in that along the ground in broad flashes, and seemed between the two great sects of the Romish harmless and delicate raillery which ne- to sweep every thing before it. Meteoric balls church, the Jesuits and the Jansenists, ver gives offence, and which greatly tends The clouds, whenever the lightning gave a he wrote his “ Provincial Letters," as they to enliven conversation; but its principal sight of them, appeared to touch and mingle are called, in opposition to the former object was generally of a moral nature. in thick masses with the ground. Even the body. “ These letters,” says Voltaire, For example, ridiculing those authors earth itself was moved, and more than one “may be considered as a model of elo- who say, My book, my commentary, shock of an earthquake was distinctly felt.

The noise of the storm was unearthly. No quence and humour. The best comedies my history;' they would do better,' said

description can convey a just notion of it. of Moliére have not more wit than the he, to say our book, our commentary, Many who were driven from their houses and first part of these letters; and the subli- our history, since there are in them much exposed to the full beat and rage of the elemity of the latter part of them is equal more of other people's than their own.'' ments, compared it to the mingled shrieks of to any thing in Bossuet.” We add one more remark of this wonder- an innumerahle crowd of persons in the air

above. Pascal was about thirty years of age ful man, which we think is rather happily when these letters were published; yet selected from his writings, to illustrate

The extreme fury of the wind can be estithe infirmities of a premature old age ap- the chief characteristics of his style of mated only by its effects. . As soon as the day pear to have increased upon him to such thinking and writing-viz.,, ingenuity ruin and devastation. In the country very a degree as to incapacitate him for con- and profundity. “It seems, says he, few trees were standing, and these were much tinuous labour. He, therefore, gave him “ rather a fortunate circumstance that broken, and completely stripped of their foliage. self up to devotion, and, as his weakness some common error should fix the wan- The ground was scathed and parched on every and irritability increased, mingled with derings of the human mind. For in-side. In one night the luxuriance of summer it much of asceticism and superstition. stance, the moon is supposed to influence had given place to the dreary and leafless asAs his life drew near its close, he em- the disorders of the human body, and to pect of a northern winter. "The few houses

which remained were all unroofed and otherployed himself almost exclusively in re cause a change in human affairs, &c.,

wise extensively damaged. flection upon religion, and morals, and which notion, though it be false, is not Between five and six in the morning, my committed to the first scraps of paper he without its advantage, as men are thereby house, the walls and floors of which had withcould find such thoughts as he deemed restrained from an inquiry into things to stood the fury of the tempest, afforded a temworthy of preservation. These were found which the human understanding is in- porary shelter to the wounded and dying in after his death, arranged and published, competent, and from a kind of curiosity the immediate vicinity. Of six persons who under the title of “ Pascal's Thoughts,” which is a malady of the mind.”

were brought there, one only survived the in

juries occasioned by the storm. At the disand constitute one of the most curious,

tance of a few hundred yards, a little village profound, and inestimable works of which

had recently been built, and the houses were French literature can boast. At the early

tenanted chiefly by free coloured persons. On age of thirty-nine Pascal expired at Paris, HURRICANE AT BARBADOS,

the morning of the eleventh not a single house on the 19th of August, 1662.

11th AUGUST, 1831.

was standing. The whole was one mass of Of his character the Abbé Bossut, who

ruin and complete desolation. I passed over collected and edited his works, has left As this hurricane was singularly destructive, the ground between seven and eight, and I the following interesting notice :-“This and perhaps more violent, considering the could scarcely discover even the site of the

buildings. extraordinary man inherited from nature the memory of man, or recorded in history, a time it lasted, than any experienced within

I went out immediately after the abatement all the powers of genius. short description of it from an eye-witness lad evidently in a state of delirium. Excessive

of the storm. The first person I met was a geometrician of the first rank, a pro

may not be uninterestingfound reasoner, and a sublime and ele

fright had given a shock to his mind which gant writer. If we reflect that, in a very

---Ipse miserrima vidi.

deprived him, for a time, of his senses. He It seems to have wanted many of the usual language, and ran from me when I approached

addressed me in incoherent and unmeaning short lite, oppressed by continual infirmities, he invented a curious arithmetical indications which precede and mark the ap- him.

A few steps further brought me to a machine, the elements of the calculation

of a convulsion of this kind in the West child lying dead in the road, by the side of a of chances, and a method of resolving merely a lowering sky, and a few showers of killed by the storm : very near them was a

Indies. The day of the tenth closed with goat, which was also lifeless—both had been various problems respecting the cycloid rain. "About one in the morning of the eleventh -that he fixed, in an irrevocable man the wind was observed to blow strongly from ing help. A ragged splinter of wood had

woman on the ground, most piteously implorner, the wavering opinions of the learned the north, and in a short time it veered towards struck her below the knee, and passing through respecting the weight of the air--that he the west with a perceptible increase of force. nearly the middle of the leg, it protruded wrote one of the completest works which Between two and three it had exceeded the about six inches on the opposite side. She exists in the French language--and that until after three that the hurricane raged in

died within a very few days. in his o Thoughts' there are passages, all its fury, with its full powers of destruction.

In the town and its environs, the desolation the depth and beauty of which are in- The uproar of the elements became now ter striking. Walls, roofs, beams of wood, furni

was more concentrated, and therefore more comparable, we shall be induced to be- rific. No one was secure from danger, nor lieve that a greater genius never existed could the mind be relieved from the certainty huddled together in an apparently inextricable

ture, brute animals and human beings, were in any age or nation. All those who had that almost every blast brought with it deatủ

The wounded and the dead were prooccasion to frequent his company in the

to a fellow-creature. Between three and five minent and most painful objects amidst the ordinary commerce of the world acknow the wind shifted in eddying and furious gusts, general confusion.

and with a roaring which drowned every other ledged his superiority; but it excited no noise, from north-west to west, and then to of life was greater within the houses or in the

It is difficult to determine whether the loss envy against him, as he was never fond south. During these two hours, houses built open air. The extent of the evil rendered it of showing it. His conversation instruct- apparently with strength sufficient to resist any ed, without making those who heard it external violence were tumbled to the ground, each particular instance. We merely knos

impossible to ascertain the cause of death in sensible of their own inferiority; and he covering the inmates under a mass of stones that many were crushed under the ruins of was remarkably indulgent towards the and rafters. In one family alone, twenty-two faults of others. It may easily be persons who had taken refuge in the cellar seen,

* This was a distinctive feature of the Egyptian by his · Provincial Letters,' and by some

were thus crushed to death. Trees of an im- plague of bail. “The Lord sent thunder and hail,

mense size, and of the growth of ages, were of his other works, that he was born with either torn suddenly up by their roots, or snapt / ix. 23.

and the fire ran along upon the ground."--Exodus

He was a

mass.

their own houses, and many destroyed by the hurried with irresistible violence over the severely, while I was present, for falling behind falling of stones and rafters in their attempt cliffs and other abrupt precipices, and were

the rank in their work. to escape. The lightning killed some, while killed.

I asked one of the drivers what were the offences others were blown away by the gusts of wind, The natural causes of hurricanes seem to

for which these people had been condemned. He and either dashed with violence against the have eluded the researches of philosophy.

replied that some of them were convicts from Tre

lawney parish, who had been concerned in the walls and trees, or else carried into the sea and They are among the hidden sources of chas

late rebellion ; others were thieves and runaways; drowned. Some idea may be formed of the tisement by which le who rideth upon the

and, pointing out three individuals (two men and Janger occasioned by the scattered stones and wings of the wind afflicts for just and salutary a woman), he added that these had been taken up fragınents of wood, from the fact that in one ends an entire people. No combination of while martial law was in force-for praying: 1 of the buildings belonging to his Majesty's the elements with which man is at present ac asked if I might be permitted to speak to these government, a piece of timber was forced by quainted, is able to produce these tremendous three persons; and, meeting with no objection, I the wind into the solid stone with so much convulsions, which seem to affect, at one and went forward and conversed with them. One of violence, and to so great a depth, that it was the same time, the earth, the sea, and the air. them, whose name was Rogers, in reply to my infound impossible to wrench it out with the The rapidity with which the wind passes quiries, informed me that he had been condemned hand. from one point of the compass to another is

to the workhouse gang for meeting with other neThe ships were all driven from their moor- peculiarly characteristic of the hurricane. Vir

groes

The other man, whose name I for prayer,

have forgot, told me that this was the second time ings, and hurried, without the least power of gil has seized on this fact in one of his allu

that he had been sent to work in chaios solely for resistance, towards the shore. They were im- sions to a storm.

this offence-namely, joining with some of his mediately stranded on the beach, and were raised so high that the following day a person

Adversi rupto cen quondam turbine venti friends and relatives in social prayer to his Maker
Confligunt.-- Æn. ii. 416.*

and Redeemer! In order to assure myself further could walk round many of them without diffi

of the truth of this extraordinary fact, I made culty. The violence of the wind allowed no And it is noticed with a striking accuracy in inquiry respecting it of some of the most intellitime for their striking and gradually breaking the book of Job, chap i. ver. 19. There were gent negroes on New Ground estate, to whom the to pieces.

many in the island of Barbados who literally particulars connected with these people's condemOn the morning of the eleventh there was a and fatally experienced the great wind, which nation were known, and received such full corrokind of wild amazement among the people, smote the four corners of the house, so that it boration of their statement as left me no doubt like that which attends the first awakening fell upon them.—Christianity and Slavery, in whatever of its truth. Indeed, I soon found good from a most frightful dream. It was long be a Course of Lectures by Archdeacon Elliot, reason to believe that on many estates there are fore they recovered their steadiness of mind, preached at St. Michael's Cathedral, Barbados, few offences for which the unhappy slaves are and their wonted powers of exertion. Mean

punished with more certainty or severity than

praying while the wounded and mutilated were in

Åbout a fortnight after my return from my last many cases left without succour, and even without notice. I believe some were not ex

SLAVERY IN JAMAICA.

visit to the attorney, a deputation from St. Ann's

Colonial Church Union waited upon me. This tricated from the ruins until the third day. We have already made some extracts from took place on one of the militia muster days. I For several days the stench arising from the the pamphlet of Mr. Whiteley, who was an

observed that day that a number of overseers and unburied dead bodies was most offensive. eye-witness of the events he relates, with re

book-keepers called at New Ground estate, as No correct returns* were made of the per- spect to the unheard-of miseries entailed by deal of whispering among them. Just at dusk

they returned from muster, and I noticed a great sons killed by the hurricane. The conjectures the system of slavery on those who are the were for the most part vague and unsatisfac-subjects of it. We will now make a few more

two persons, under the character of a deputation tory: Some estimate the loss at three thou- extracts from the same work, showing the reli- pearance, and demanded an interview with me.

from the Colonial Church Union, made their apsand; others at five thousand, or even more. gious bearing of the system.

The overseer introduced them-a Mr. Dicken and Some approximation may, perhaps, be made to the truth, by our knowing that in the garri- Ann's work-house gang (of convict slaves) was

During my residence at New Ground, the St. a Mr. Brown. The former I had previously met

wi but to my salutation he now made no reson, which contained about twelve hundred employed in digging cane-holes on the plantation sponse. Mr. Brown was spokesman, and comsoldiers, more than fifty perished in the hurri- I had thus frequent opportunities of seeing and menced by informing me that they came as a decane, or from injuries received by it. The conversing with them. I shall never forget the putation from more than a hundred gentlemen at wounded exceeded one hundred and thirty. impression I received from the first near view of St. Ann's Bay, to state to me,- 1st. That they

Most signally did the Almighty remember these wretched people. The son of the captain, bad heard I had been leading the minds of the mercy in the midst of his judgments. Had or superintendent of the work-house (a person slaves astray, by holding forth doctrines of a tenthe wind continued with unabated violence a named Drake), accompanied me to the field the dency to make them discontented with their pre

sent condition. 2ndly. That I was Methodist, few hours longer, and extended over the space first day I went out to see this gang; and, as we of time usual in visitations of this kind, few went along, he remarked that I should probably and that my relative who had sent me to Jamaica be somewhat shocked by their appearance, but

was a d—-d Methodist. And, 3rdly. That they persons would have been spared to relate the

had a barrel of tar down at the Bay to tar and tale of almost universal destruction. Even ought to bear in mind that these negroes" were another hour would have added fearfully to convicted malefactors—rebels, thieves, and felons. feather me, as I well deserved, and that they

"would do so, On approaching the spot I witnessed indeed a most the loss of lives, and have perhaps completed affecting and appalling spectacle. The gang, con

by G-d.”

In reply, I acknowledged that I was undoubt. the ruin of buildings and other property. sisting of forty-five negroes, male and female, were

edly a Methodist ; but added, mildly, that I was A striking effect of the extreme fury of the all chained by the necks in couples ; and in one altogether unconscious of any act, since I arrived storm appeared in the great destruction of instance I observed a man and a woman chained in the island, whereby I could have given any birds. On the morning of the eleventh the together. Two stout drivers were standing over

reasonable offence to the planters or any other ground in many parts was strewed with the them, each armed both with a cart-whip and a class of men; and I begged them to specify my

offences. Mr. Brown then stated, that in the first common field birds of the country, either dead cat-o'-nine tails. Nearly the whole gang were or severely wounded. The quantity killed working without any covering on the upper part place, I had written a letter to the Rev. Thomas immediately round Codrington College was so of their bodies; and on going up to them, with a

Pennock, Wesleyan Missionary. 2ndly. That in a letter I had written to Mr.

the attorgreat that, to prevent the stench arising from view to closer inspection, I found that their backs,

from the shoulders downwards, were scarred and ney, I had said, The Lord reward you for the their decay, persons were employed to collect lacerated in all directions, by the frequent appli- kindness you have shown me, and grant you.in The horses which escaped from the ruins of drivers used at discretion, independently of severer aud bury them in trenches dug for the purpose. cation of the cat and the cart-whip, which the health and wealth long to live." 3rdly. That I

had said to a slave who had opened a gate to me the fallen stables were, in many instances, foggings by order of the superintendent. I could

at a certain place, “ The Lord bless you." 4thly. not find a single one who did not bear on his body That I had asked the drivers of the workhouse • The returns of the wounded and killed by the evident marks of this savage discipline. Some gang questions respecting the offences of the nehurricane, although not given until after an inter were marked with large weals, and with what in groes of that gang. 5thly. That I had made prival of some months, were singularly and unac Yorkshire we should call wrethes, or ridges of flesh

vate remarks about the way in which I had seen countably inaccurate. It is stated of the parish healed over. Others were crossed with long scars;

Mr. M'Lean, the overseer, treat the slaves. (Here of St. Michael, that there was only one free on others, again, the gashes were raw and recent.

Dicken, who was an overscer at Winsor, a neighcoloured person wounded. Yet it is notorious that | Altogether it was the most horrid sight that ever

bouring plantation, told me he had two negroes at some hundreds of this class of the inhabitants my eyes beheld. One of them had on a coarse

that moment in the stocks, and added, with a bruwere severely injured and disabled by the storm. shirt or smock frock, which was actually dyed red

tal oath, * if I would come over in the morning he In the Cathedral alone there were thirty or forty with bis blood. The drivers struck some of them under surgical care, and on many amputations

• The planters of all rauks, with very rare exceptions, were performed.

are shocking swearers; the more vulgar sort interlarding See also Æn. i. 89.

their profaneness with the mysl revolting obscenity,

would let me see them properly flogged.) 6thly. capable of real sympathy—that she might as

Eure of Epilepsy. That I had preached to a hundred and fifty slaves well break into my house, give me a box on To Mr. E. Giles, Tavern-street, Ipswich, at one time.-To all these charges I pleaded the ear, and then tell me to go on with my of ari good, for that return of health I now enjoy frem

Sir,– With heartfelt thanks to the Almighty dispenser guilty, except the last, which was without foun.

song, as dance from one topic to another. the use of Mr. Morison's Universal Medicines, I cinsider dation-without even a shadow of truth; though,

This burst was quite after her own heart; she it my duty to suffering humanity to give every parauitle if it had been true, it would have been difficult for

wished to excite passion, no matter what.

In publicity I can to my extraordinary case and care, in me to admit its criminality. Dicken then drew his hand across my throat, and swore by his Maker order to pacify me, she described to me the similar cases, to reap the same benefit.

whole particulars of the accident; and, in alarming description, and in the last twelve months pre that he would be the first man to cut it if I should dare to talk to the slaves in the same way again.

doing so, displayed her deep acquaintance vions to my taking the Pills, they came on from tw..

with the situation of affairs as well as charac-four times a week, and lasted from one to three here He then pulled out a pistol, which he cocked, and held out (but did not point it at my person), sayter. Her intercourse with society in Germany this state of suffering I called on your sub-agem,

a time, requiring several persons to hold me. It ing, that if he was to fire it off, there would be has, in its results, been of deep importance and Backelt, of this place, who recommended me to t

" Universal Medicine," and I commenced with twenty men in the house in one minute, ready to influence. Her work on Germany, which owes

No. 1 and 2 alternately, night and morning, inere do what everthey chose with me. Mr. M.Lean, its origin to such social conversations, has gradually ap to twenty-four in a day, then reducing the overseer, here spoke up, and said, with con

When I had been like the march of a powerful expedition, down to three or four, until I left off. siderable vehemence, that before he would see me by which a breach has been effected in the

the Pills three days, I had a slight attack for abor

an hour; but from that time till the present, which abused he would rather have a ball through bis

Chinese wall of those antiquated prejudices months, I have not had the least symptom of a relape : own breast. I then told them that there was no occasion for which separated us from France, and been the took the pills six weeks.

Of the correctness of this statement, I will convidor > violence ; that I was quite willing, under the cir.

means of extending a knowledge of us over one who may please to call on me. cumstances in which I found myself, to leave the the Rhine, and even across the channel, and

I am, Sir, your homble servant,

C. BROWW, island by the very first conveyance; and should of spreading our influence into the distant

Kelsale, Oct. I, 1832. be glad if they and their friends would only permit west.

Cure nf Ulcers in the Neck, with Blindness. me to do so quietly. They promised to report this

To Mr. E. Giles, Tavern-street, Ipswich. reply to their Society, the Colonial Churchi Union,

Stradbroke, Oct. 1, 1932. and so departed.

Edited by the late W. GREENFIELD, Superintendant of Sir, I saw a little patient of mine yesterday; his name

the Editorial Department of the British and Foreign is George Fisher, at Laxfield, aged about four years, who Bible Society.

had been blind of both eyes for nearly two years, and bad GOETHE AND MADAME DE STAEL.

three large ulcers in his neck; he is now restored to his THE PSALMS Metrically

, and bl.iscarically sight his eyes, other the nearly en wandele levering The following amusing remarks on

perfectly cured. All this was effected by the “Universal The peculiarity in this Edition is, that, in addition to

Medicines." the conversational habits of Madame de the metrical arrangement, the type is as large as that used

Your obedient servant, in the largest Edition of the Comprehensive Bible, while Stael are from the pen of her great con

LOT SMITH, Agent for Stradbroke. the size of the volume is small. temporary, Goethe. Sokl by S. Bagster, Paternoster-row; J. and A. Arcli,

CAUTION TO THE PUBLIC. Cornhill; Darton and Co., Gracechurch-street; Darton MORISON'S UNIVERSAL MEDICINES To philosophize in company is to speak with

and Son, Holborn; E. Fry, Houndsditch; and all other liveliness about problems which are inexpli Booksellers in Town and Country.

having superseded the use of almost all the Patent Me

dicines which the wholesale venders have foisted upon cable. This was her peculiar pleasure and pas

the credulity of the searchers after hicalth, for so many sion, and her philosophizing spirit was carried,

THE PULPIT.

years, the town diuggists and chemists, not able to establisk

à fair fame on the invention of any plausible means of in the heat of talking, into matters of thought This day is published, price Od., thc Genuine and Autlien competition, have plunged into the mean expedicat of postand sentiment, which are only fitted to be dis tic Edition, on superfine paper, beautifully printed in ing up a “Dr. Morrison" (observe the subterfuge of the

demy 8vo., in large type, with a finely engraved Porcussed between God and one's own heart. Be

double r), a being who never existed, as prescribing a trait on Steel of the Rev. Rowland Hill, A, M.,

“Vegetable Universal Pill, No. 1 and 2," for the express sides this, like a woman and a Frenchwoman,

.

purpose (by means of this forged imposition upon the pubshe adhered obstinately to her own positions, ROWLAND HILL, delivered on the Day of Inter

lie), of deteriorating the estimation of the “UNIVERSAL

MEDICINES" of the “ BRITISH COLLEGE OP and shut her ears against the greater part of ment, by the Rev. W.JAY, at Surrey Chapel, on Friday Morning, April 19, 1333. (Taken in Short-hand.)

HEALTH." what was said by others.

KNOW ALL MEN, then, that this attempted delusion No. 545 contains a Sermon by the Hon. and Rev. B. All this had a tendency to rouse the evil W. Noel, A.M., on “The Expiatory Sacrifice of Christ.”

must fall under the fact, that (lowever specions the prePreached on Good Friday, April 5, 1833--A Sermon by

tence), none can be held genuine by the College but those spirit within me, so that I generally received the late Rev. R. Hill, A.M., preached at Surrey Chapel,

which have “Morison's Universal Medicines" impressed with objections and contradictions every thing

upon the Government Stamp attached to each box and Sunday Morning, March 24, 1833. An Account of the she brought forward, and sometimes, by my Life and Death of the Rev. Rowland Hill, with some very

packet, to counterfeit which is felony by the laws of the

land. interesting Particulars of his Early Life. determined opposition, drove her to despair.

No. 544 contains the Final Pulpit Address of the Rev.

The "Vegetable Universal Medicines” are to be had at In this situation, indeed, she generally ap R. Hill, A.M., delivered at Surrey Chapel, on Tuesday

the College, New Road, King's Cross, London; at the peared most amiable, and displayed in a Evening, April 2, 1833.

Surrey Branch, 96, Great Surrey-street; Mr. Field's, 16, Air

street, Quadrant; Mr. Chappell's, Royal Exchange; Mr. striking light her quickness in thought and Just published, neatly printed, in demy 8vo., price 4d., Walker's, Lamb's-conduit-passage, Red-lion-square; Mr.

EXPOSITIONS and SERMONS by N. ARMSTRONG, J. Loft's, Mile-end-road; Mr. Bennett's, Covent-gardenpower of reply. I had several continuous lêle

at Salem Chapel, April 8, and E. IRVING, at Newman market; Mr. Haydon's, Fleur-de-lis-court, Norton-fälgate; à-tête conversations with her, in which, in her Street, April 10, 1833.

Mr. Haslet's, 147, Ratcliffe-highway; Messrs. Norbury's, usual style, she was tiresome enough ; for she

REASONS for CONCLUDING that the GIFTED Brentford ; Mrs. Stepping, Clare-market; Messrs. Salmon,

PEOPLE MAY BE RIGHT. Price ld., or 55. per Little Bell-alley ; Mies Varai's, 24, Lucas-street, Commernever would allow a moment's reflection even hundred.

cial-road; Mrs. Beech's, 7, Sloane-square, Chelsea; Mrs. on the most important suggestions, but would

London : Printed and Published by W. HARDING, 3,

Chapple's, Royal Library, Pall-mall; Mrs. Pippen's, 18, have had the most profound and interesting Paternoster-row; and Sold by Page and Son, Blackfriars.

Wingrove-place, Clerkenwell; Miss C. Atkinson, 19, New

Trinity-grounds, Deptford; Mr. Taylor, Hanwell; Mr. matters discussed with the same rapidity as if road; Mrs. Rutier, Kingsland-road; Wilkins, Holborn

Kirtlam, 4, Bolingbroke-row, Walwortb ; Mr. Payne, 61, hill; Wilkes, Bridge street, Southwark; Mr. Haddock, we had been merely employed in keeping up

Jermyn-street; Mr. Howard, at Mr. Wood's, hair-dresser, High-street, Borough ; Miss Williams, Mr. Griffith, and

Richmond ; Mr. Meyar, 3, May's-buildings, Blackheath; a racket-ball. Mr. Sims, Bath.

Mr. Grifiths, Wood wharf, Greenwich; Mr. Pitt, 1, CornOne anecdote of this kind may find a place

Subscribers' Names for “The Pulpit” received by all wall-road, Lambeth; Mr. J. Dobson, 35, Craven-street,

Booksellers and Newsmen. here.

Strand; Mr. Oliver, Bridge-street, Vauxhall; Mr. J. One evening at the court, Madame de

Monck, Bexley Heath; Mr. T. Stokes, 12, St. Ronan', Stael advanced to me, and said, with a lively

Deptford ; Mr. Cowell, 22, Terrace, Pimlico; Mr. Parfitt, feeling, “I have important news for you ;

BRITISH COLLEGE OF HEALTH, KING'S 96, Edgware-road; Mr. Hart, Portsmouth-place, KenningMoreau has been arrested, along with some

CROSS, NEW ROAD, LONDON.

ton-lane; Mr. Charlesworth, grocer, 124, Shore litch; Mr.

R. G. Bower, grocer, 22, Brick-lane, St. Luke's; Mr. S. others, and accused of treachery to the tyrant."

J. Avila, pawnbroker, opposite the church, Hackney; Mr

MORISON'S UNIVERSAL VEGETABLE J. S. Briggs, 1, Brunswick-place, Stoke Newington; My. I had, like others, for a long time taken much

MEDICINE.

T. Gardner, 95, Wood-strect, Cheapside, and 9, Nortoninterest in the personal concerns and actions

falgate ; Mr.J. Williamson, 15, Scabright-place, Hackvey. of that noble man; I now recalled the past to

Cure of Cholera Morbus.

road; Mr. J. Osborn, Wells-street, Hackney road, and Mr. Charlwood,

Homerton; Mr. H. Cox, grocer, 16, Union-street, Bishops my remembrance, in order, in my own way, Sir,-With it due sense of gratitude, I beg to acknow. gate-street; Mr. T. Walter, chcesemonger, 67, Hoxton Old to examine the present, and to draw some coll ledge a cure performed on me by use of Morison's excel Town; and at one agent's in every principal town in Great clusion as to the future. The lady changed fortnight ago, attended with the usual accompaniments ; lent Pilly. I was taken with the Cholera Morbus about a Britain, the Islands of Guernsey and Malta; and through

out the whole of the United States of America. the subject, directing her conversation to a having been recommended to use Morison's Pills, I in N. B. The College will not be answerable for the conthousand different matters; and when she per

siantly applied for them at your agent's, Mr. Tuxford, Back sequences of any medicines sold by any chymist or druggist,

of the Inns; the second dose gave me immediate relief, as none such are allowed to sell the “'Universal Mediceived that I, wrapped up in my own medi and brought up a quantity of nauscous bile from the sto

cines.tations, was not answering her with much mach. I then took a third dose of fifteen pills, and fell

into a sound sleep, and rapidly succeeded to a restoration interest, she assailed me again with her usual of good health.

Printed by J. Haddon and Co.; and Published reproach, that I was sulky, as usual, this even I remain, Sir, with grateful respect, your obeclient ser:

by J. Crisr, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster vant, ing, and no cheerful talk to be had with me.

J. DUTCHXAX.

Row, where all Advertisements and Communi. I got a little angry, and told her she was inNorwich, Crook's place, Sept. 28, 1832,

cations for the Editor are to be addressed.

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed]

No country is more unhappily exposed | tides were on this occasion swept away to the north-east, and back again to the to inundation, and that of the most cala- by the united vehemence of winds and north-west. The weather continued thus mitous kind, than Holland, in conse- waves, and the whole south of Holland tempestuous all night, accompanied with quence of its lowness and flatness. To was flooded and devastated. Besides the thunder and lightning; the chimneys and obviate the danger arising from these mansions of the nobility, seventy-two roofs of a great many houses were blown local peculiarities, the inhabitants have villages were swept away, and one hun- down, and much more mischief was done; intersected their country with dykes, con- dred thousand souls perished. Such an but it was not comparable to that which structed with prodigious labour and inge- event, but attended with less loss of life, followed; for the dykes, not being able nuity. Art has thus striven to oppose occurred in 1430. The vast expanse of to resist the violence of the sea, agitated the power

of nature, and in most instances water called the Zuyder Zee was formed by these terrible storms, the whole counhas done it successfully. In some cases, by one of these inundations, and the Bies try between this and the Delfziel, being however, nature has, in a terrific manner, Bosch by the one represented above. about eighteen English miles, was the asserted her own supremacy; and the Another occurred in 1686, and is de- next morning overwhelined with water, engraving prefixed to this article repre- scribed as follows in the London Gazette. which in many places was eight feet sents one of these dreadful occasions. “ Groningen, Nov. 26.-On Friday, higher than the very dykes, and many The event took place on the 19th of No- the 22nd instant, it blew the whole day a people and thousands of cattle were vember, 1421, and its horrors were if most violent storm from the south-east; drowned, the water breaking even through possible increased by its occurring in the towards night the wind changed to the the walls of the town of Delfziel, to that night. The barriers formed against the west, then to the north-west, afterwards height that the inhabitants were forced

to betake themselves to their garrets and every morning, a certain quantity of incense, When a vessel is about to proceed on a voyupper rooms for shelter. The whole vil- and of gold and silver paper. The sailors are age, she is taken in procession to a temple, lage of Oterdam is in a manner swept muh (or head men), have charge of the an- The priest recites some prayers, the mate

divided into two classes; a few, called Tow- where many offerings are displayed before her. away. At Termunderzyl, there is not chor, sails, &c.; and the rest, called Ho-ke (or makes several prostrations, and the captain one house left, above three hundred peo- comrades), perform the menial work, such as usually honours her by appearing in a full ple being drowned there, and only nine- pulling ropes, and heaving the anchor. A dress before her image. Then an entertainteen escaping. Hereskes, Weywert, Wol- cook and some barbers make up the remain- ment is given, and the food presented to the dendorp, and all the villages near the der of the crew.

idol is greedily devoured. Afterwards the Eems, have suffered extremely. The

All these personages, except the second class good mother, who does not partake of the western quarter has likewise had its share of sailors, have cabins ; long, narrow holes, in gross earthly substance, is carried in front of a

which one may stretch himself

, but cannot stage, to behold the minstrels, and to admire in this calamity, and the highest lands stand erect. If any person wishes to go as a the dexterity of the actors; thence she is have not escaped. On Sunday and yes- passenger, he must apply to the Tow-muh, in brought back, with music, to the junk, where terday it reached this city; the lower order to hire one of their cabins, which they the merry peals of the gong receive the veneparts whereof are now all under water. let on such conditions as they please. In fact

, rable old inmate, and the jolly sailors anxiFrom the walls of this city we can see

the sailors exercise full control over the ves- ously strive to seize whatever may happen to nothing but the tops of houses and stee- sel, and oppose every measure which they remain of her banquet.

The care of the goddess is intrusted to the ples that remain above water. In a word, terest ; so that even the captain and pilot are priest, who never dares to appear before her

may prove injurious to their own the misery and desolation is greater than frequently obliged, when wearied out with with his face unwashed. Every morning he can be expressed.

their insolent behaviour, to crave their kind puts sticks of burning incense into the censer, “ It is impossible to describe the pre-assistance, and to request them to show a bet- and repeats his ceremonies in every part of sent sad condition of this province, occa ter temper.

the ship, not excepting even the cook's room. sioned by a most terrible inundation that

The several individuals of the crew form When the junk reaches any promontory, or happened on the 22nd instant; the like one whole, whose principal object in going to when contrary winds prevail, the priest makes has not been known these hundred years. only a secondary object. Every one is a share of the air. On such occasions (and only on

sea is trade, the working of the junk being an offering to the spirits of the mountains, or The whole province, except the higher holder, having the liberty of putting a certain such) pigs and fowls are killed. When the parts of this city, lies under water ; whole quantity of goods on board, with which he offering is duly arranged, the priest adds to it villages have been swept away, and a trades, wheresoever the vessel may touch, some spirits and fruits, burns gilt paper, makes great many people, with abundance of caring very little about how soon she may several prostrations, and then cries out to the cattle, drowned, and those that have arrive at the port of destination.

sailors, “ Follow the spirits,” who suddenly rise escaped, sheltering themselves in garrets tain nothing but dry rice, and have to provide ing out of a river, offerings of paper are con

The common sailors receive from the cap- and devour most of the sacrifice. When sailand upper rooms, are in great distress for themselves their other fare, which is usually stantly thrown out near the rudder. But to for want of relief; nothing but lamenta- very slender. These sailors are not, usually, no part of the junk are so many offerings tions, and the jangling of bells for help, men who have been trained up to their occu- made as to the compass. Some red cloth, is heard through the whole country; and pation, but wretches who were obliged to flee which is also tied to the rudder and cable, is though all possible care is taken to assist from their homes; and they frequently, en- put over it ; incense sticks in great quantities them from hence and other places, yet, gage for a voyage before they have ever been are kindled; and gilt paper, made into the there not being boats enough to afford

on board a junk. All of them, however stupid, shape of a junk, is burnt before it. Near the help to all, it is to be feared many will

are commanders; and if any thing of import- compass, some tobacco, a pipe, and a burning

ance is to be done, they will bawl out their lamp are placed, the joint property of all; and be lost for want of it. At Oterdam, near commands to each other till all is utter con- hither they all crowd to enjoy themselves. Delfziel, but twenty-five persons have fusion. There is no subordination, no cleanli- When there is a calm, the sailors generally escaped ; in the village of Peterborne ness, no mutual regard or interest.

contribute a certain quantity of gilt paper, there are but three houses left standing; The navigation of junks is performed with which, pasted into the form of a junk, is set and, in general, all the houses that stood out the aid of charts, or any other helps, ex adrift. "If no wind follows, the goddess is near the dyke have been swept away.”

cept the compass; it is mere coasting, and the thought to be out of humour, and recourse is whole art of the pilot consists in directing the had to the demons of the air. When all encourse according to the promontories in sight. deavours prove unsuccessful, the offerings In time of danger, the men immediately lose cease, and the sailors wait with indifference.

all courage ; and their indecision frequently Such are the idolatrous principles of the CHINESE VESSELS, OR JUNKS. proves the destruction of their vessel. Although Chinese that they never spread a sail without

they consider our mode of sailing as somewhat having conciliated the favour of the demons, Chinese vessels hare generally a captain, better than their own, still they cannot but nor return from a voyage without showing who might more properly be styled a super- allow the palm of superiority to the ancient their gratitude to their tutelar deity. Chriscargo. Whether the owner or not, he bas craft of the “celestial empire.” When any tians are the servants of the living God, who charge of the whole cargo, buys and sells as alteration for improvement is proposed, they has created the heavens and the earth-at circumstances require, but has no command will readily answer, “ If we adopt this mea whose command the winds and the waves rise whatever over the sailing of the ship. This is sure we shall justly fall under the suspicion of or are still-in whose mercy is salvation, and the business of the Ho-chang, or pilot. During barbarism.”

in whose wrath is destruction; how much the whole voyage, to observe the shores and The most disgusting thing on board a junk more, then, should they endeavour to concipromontories are the principal objects which is idolatry, the rites of which are performed liate the favour of the Almighty, and to be occupy his attention, day and night. He sits with the greatest punctuality. The goddess of grateful to the author of all good! If idolasteadily on the side of the ship, and sleeps the sea is Ma-tsoo-po, called also Teen-how, ters feel dependant on superior beings, if they when standing, just as it suits his convenience. queen of heaven." She is said to have been look up to them for protection and success, if Though he has, nominally, the command over a virgin, who lived some centuries ago in they are punctual in paying their vows, what the sailors, yet they obey him only when they Fuhkeen, near the district of Fuh-chow. On should be the conduct of nations who acknowfind it agreeable to their own wishes; and account of having, with great fortitude, and ledge Christ to be their Saviour? Reverence they scold and brave him just as if he be- by a kind of miracle, saved her brother, who before the name of the Most High-reliance longed to their own company. Next to the was on the point of drowning, she was deified, on his gracious protection-submission to his pilot (or mate) is the To-kung (helmsman), and loaded with titles, not dissimilar to those just dispensations, and devout prayers, humble who manages the sailing of the ship; there bestowed on the Virgin Mary. Every vessel thanksgiving, glorious praise to the Lord of are a few men under his immediate command. is furnished with an image of this goddess, the earth and of the sea, ought to be habitual There are, besides, two clerks: one to keep before which a lamp is kept burning. Some on board our vessels; and, if this is not the the accounts, and the other to superintend the satellites, in hideous shape, stand round the case, the heathen will rise up against us in cargo that is put on board. Also, a comprador, portly queen, who is always represented in a the judgment, for having paid more attention to purchase provisions; and a Heang-kung sitting posture. Cups of tea are placed before to their dumb idols than we have to the wor(or priest), who attends to the idols, and burns, / her, and some tinsel adorns her shrine. ship of the living and true God.

66

« PreviousContinue »