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woman, and consequently born to slavery. These And, gazing on from pole to pole,
severity of the spasms and cramps, and a third dose of the two youths were flogged exactly in the mode al.
Sees other worlds besides its own;
saine pilis, next day, restored her to bealth.
With gratitude to Mr. Morison, and all of the College of ready described, and writhed and groaned under Thine is the soft, the placid hour,
Health, the lash, as if enduring great agony. The mulatto And hearts at rest shall linger still,
I remain, dear Sir, yours trnly, bled most, and appeared to suffer most acutely. To bless thy bloom, meek, modest flower,
Wlittlesea, Cambridgeshire, Oct. 3, 1832. They received each thirty-nine lashes. Their And bid thee bourgeon at thy will.
P.S.-Mr. Anthony, Agent at Wisbeach, inforins me of offence was some deficiency in the performance of What though the azure dove hath sung
"two females that were attacked with the cholera ; one of the task prescribed to them. They were both
them took the Universals,' in strong doses, and was well Its requiem to the setting sun,
after a few doses ; the other took five pills, and would not ordered to join their gang as usual in the afternoon And clift and mountain glen have rung take any more, but would have a medical attendant : the at cane-cutting.
With farewell songs, since day is done : consequence was, she was bad for three weeks, and at the Two young women of about the same age were,
present time is not able to walk about." What though the humming-bird hath left
It is quite amusing to hear, at the different places where one after the other, then laid down and held by
The closing flower of day, nor turns
I have been, how the doctors try to bias the public mind four men, their back parts most indecently unco
To cull one kiss froin thee, bereft
by the trainpery tales of "poison," " bread crumbs," some vered, and thirty-nine lashes of the blood-stained
And darkly lone like one that mourns,
of one thing, some another, and some of all inanner of whip inflicted upon each poor creature's posteriors.
Yet shall the mock-bird linger still
things ! but the mystery is, they cannot say the right
thing; or if they could, it would not pay thein to act upon Their exclamation likewise was, “Lord ! Lord !
Upon its old accustom'd tree,
it. Say, however, all they can, invent and do all they Lord !” They seemed also to suffer acutely, and And chaint its sweetest, wildest trill,
can, the world is awake, and the public will have“ Mori
son's Pills." were apparently a good deal lacerated. Another And latest song, lone flower, for thee.
I am, Gentlemen, yours, &c. woman (the sixth offender) was also laid down
Pale blossom of the poet's star,
Cambridge, Oct. 4th, 1832.
THOMAS EARL and uncovered for the lash; but, at the intercession of one of the drivers, she was reprieved. The
Emblem of meekness and of tears,
To Mr. Shephard, offence of these three women was similar to that
As o'er the tremulous waters far
Sir,-With grateful feelings I acknowledge the core
wrought on me by your invaluable medicines in that
The crescent moon in light appears, of the two young men-some defalcation in the
dreadful disease, the Cholera Morbas. I was seized with amount of labour.
I hail thee with a heart that feels
the cramp, had an excessive discharge from the bowels, The overseer stood by and witnessed the whole
A darkened fate allied to thine ;
violent retchings, agonizing pain, with a violent heaving
of the breast. The doctors declared that I should not live
For the chill wind that o'er thee steals of this cruel operation, with as much seeming in
five minutes, a mortification having taken place; and, had difference as if he had been paying them their
Is cold as friendship's hand to mine. it not been for the prompt attendance of your worthy wages. I was meanwhile perfectly unmanned
The night hath shed iis dews for thee,
agent, Mr. Black, I conld not possibly have survived. He
immediately administered the inedicine in powerfnl doses by mingled horror and pity. Yet I have no reason
Thy Aow'ret with its tears are wet,
of nine pills, and by a quick operation of which the pain to believe that the natural feelings of this young
And I, too, feel mine hours to be
and sickness left. With thanks to Almighty God, the disman (whose age did not exceed twenty-four years)
Like thine, the gloom when suns are set. penser of every blessing, I acknowledge your invaluable
inedicines had the desired effect. were less humane or sensitive than my own. But
I am, yours respectfully, such is the callousness which constant familiarity ABOLITION OF SLAVERY.
Chapel-street, Berwick, Oct. 3, 1832. with scenes of cruelty engenders. He had been
T a very numerous and important GENERAL a book-keeper, for four years previously, on ano.
CAUTION TO THE PUBLIC. ther estate belonging to the same proprietors, and and of the friends of their canse, held at Exeter Hall, on MORISON'S UNIVERSAL MEDICINES had been appointed overseer to this estate only a
Tuesday, April 2nd, 1833, the Right Hon. LORD SUFFIELD having superseded the nse of almost all the Patent Me
in the chair, the following Resolutions (the principles of dicines which the wholesale venders have foisted apon few months before. His reception of me when I which were earnestly supported by the gentlemen who
the credulity of the searchers after health, for so many arrived was so kind, frank, and cordial, that I moved and seconded them) were unanimously adopteil :
years, the town druggists and chemists, not able to establish could not have believed him, had I not seen it Moved by T. F. Buxton, M.P., and seconded by a fair fame on the invention of any plausible means of
Joseph John Gurney, Esq., with my own eyes, to be capable of inflicting such
competition, have plunged into the mean expedient of pnff
That this' Meeting is deliberately and decidedly of opi. ing up a “Dr. Morrison" (observe the subterfuge of the cruelty on a fellow-creature.
nion that the slaves of the British colonies have an un double r), a being who never existed, as prescribing a soon as this scene was over, the overseer doubted and indefeasible right to their freedom, without “ Vegetable Universal Pill, No. 1 and 2," for the express came into the hall, and asked me to drink some delay and without condition. At the same time, this meet
purpose ( by means of this forged imposition upon the pab
lic), of deteriorating the estimation of the “UNIVERSAL rum and water with him. I told him I was sick, ling will cheerfully consent, when this debt of justice has been fully paid, to promote such fair measures of relief to
MEDICINES" of the “ BRITISH COLLEGE OP and could taste nothing: that I was, in fact, over the West Indian planters as may be deemed needful by HEALTH." whelmed with horror at the scene I had just wit- | Parliament.
KNOW ALL MEN, then, that this attempted delnsion nessed. He said it was not a pleasant duty cer
Moved by Earl Fitzwilliam, and seconded by the Rev.
must fall under the fact, that (however specious the preJ. W. Cunninghan,
tence), none can be held genuine by the College but those tainly, but it was an indispensable one ; and that That this Meeting, in common with the public at large, which have “Morison's Universal Medicines" impressed I would soon get used, as others did, to such looks forward with intense anxiety, though with confident
upon the Government Stamp attached to each box and spectacles. I asked if he found it necessary to hope, to the development of the "safe and satisfactory"
packet, to counterfeit which is felony by the laws of the infict such punishments frequently. He replied Ministers have declared their intention of disclosing to plan for the Abolition of Slavery, which liis Majesty's land.
The “Vegetable Universal Medicines" are to be had at it was uncertain : “I may not,” he said,
Parliament on the 23rd of April. to do it again this month, or I may have to do it
Moved by Lord Morpeth, and seconded by George Surrey Branch, 90, Great Surrey-street; Mr. Fieli's, 16, Air
the College, New Road, King's Cross, London; at the
Strickland, Esq., M.P., again to-morrow.”
street, Quadrant; Mr. Chappell's, Royal Exchange; Mr. That being deliberately convinced that iminediate and Walker's, Lamb's-condnit-passage, Red-lion-square; Mr. (To be Continued.)
complete emancipation (as explained in a paper already J. Loft's, Mile-end-road; Mr. Bennett's, Covent-gardenissued by the Society) is not only clearly demanded by the market; Mr. Hivydon's, lleur-de-lis-court, Norton-falgate; solemn obligations of religion and justice, but is also most Mr. Haslet's, 147, Ratclitle-highway; Messrs. Norbury's,
consistent with sound policy, and will best promote the LA BELLE DE NUIT.
Brentford ; Mrs. Stepping, Clare-market; Messrs. Salmon, prosperity of the slave colonies and the safety of all parties, Little Bell-alley; Miss Varai's, 24, Lucas-street, Commer
this Meeting strongly deprecates any partial, or imperfect, cial-road; Mrs. Beech's, 7, Sloane-square, Chelsea; Mra BY A WEST INDIAN. or protracted plan, as likely to fail in its object, and to
Chapple's, Royal Library, Pall-mall; Mrs. Pippen's, 18, Thus poetical name is given, in the French prove highly inischievons in its results. West India islands, to the Marvel of Peru,” the
Wingrove-place, Clerkenwell; Miss C. Atkinson, 19, New Moved by the Rev. John Burnet, seconded by Henry Trinity-grounds, Deptford; Mr. Taylor, Hanwell; Mr.
Pownall, Esq., and supported by G. Stephen, Esq., Kirtlain, 4, Bolingbroke-row, Walworth; Mr. Payne, 64, mirabilis jalapa of the botanists. In the English That Petitions, founded on the foregoing resolutions, be
Jermyn-street; Mr. Howard, at Mr. Woodi's, hairdresser, Caraibean Isles, it is known by the appellation of presented to both Houses of Parliament,
Richmond ; Mr. Meyar, 3, May's-buildings, Blackheath; “the night primrose,” and in Jamaica by that of
Moved by Lord Milton, seconded by William Smith,
Mr. Griffiths, Wood-wharf, Greenwich ; Mr. Pitt, 1, Corn
Esq., and supported by Dr. Lushington, M. P., “ the four o'clock," from the hour at which it
wall-road, Lambeth; Mr. J. Dobson, 35, Craven-street, That the cordial thanks of this meeting be given to the
Strand; Mr. Oliver, Bridye-street, Vauxhall; Mr. J. begins to expand its blossoms to the evening dews, Right Hon. Lord Suffield, for his conduct in the chair
. or to close them to the morning sun-light.
THOMAS PRINGLE, Secretary.
Monck, Bexley Heath; Mr. T. Stokes, 12, St. Ronan's,
Deptford ; Mr. Cowell, 22, Terrace, Pinilico; Mr. Parfitt, Oh! faithful to the darkling hour
96, Edgware-road; Mr. Hart, Portsmouth-place, KenningWhen the last sunbeam's on the sea,
Just Published, in 8vo., price 1s.,
ton-lane; Mr. Charlesworth, grocer, 124, Shoreditch; Mr. BSERVATIONS on IMPEDIMENTS of
R. G. Bower, crucer, 22, Brick-lane, St. Luke's; Mr. S. And evening dews fall on the flower,
. Avila, pawnbroker, opposite the church, Hackney; Mr And mountain winds breathe o'er the lea; Letter addressed to T. J. PETTIGREW, Esq., F.R.S., &c.
J. S. Briggs, 1, Brunswick-place, Stuke Newington; Mr. In that soft time—when whisper'd love
T. Gardner, 95, Wood-street, Cheapside, and 9, Norton&c. By RICHARD CULL.
falgate ; Mr.J. Williamson, 15, Scabright-place, HackneyFinds rapture in its favourite bower,
Renshaw and Rush, 356, Strand.
roadl; Mr. J. Osborn, Wells-street, Hackney road, anal The pale blue star, that shines above
Homerton; Mr. H. Cox, grocer, 16, Uniop-street, BishopsSo coldly from its western tower, BRITISH COLLEGE OF HEALTH, KING'S gate-street: Mr. T. Walter, cheesemonger, 67, Hoxton Old
Town; and at one agent's in every principal town in Greas Brings more of joy, lone flower, to thee,
CROSS, NEW ROAD, LONDON.
Britain, the Islands of Guernsey and Malta; and thronglaAdorer of the silent night,
out the whole of the United States of America. Than brighter skies to those that be MORISON'S UNIVERSAL VEGETABLE
N. B. The College will not be answerable for the con
sequences of any medicines sold by any chymist or draggist, Companions of the gairish light.
as none such are allowed to sell the “ Universal Media Thine is the dewy drop that falls,
cines." Sir,-My wife was suddenly seized with cramps in the Like Pity's tear for those that grieve, –
body, legs, and hands, and exhibited all the symptoins The voice, when lise with sorrow palls, Usually attending what the doctors call Cholera Morbus. Printed by J. Haddon and Co.; and Published That bids the heart rejoice and live ;
Satisfied that nnequivocal power and efficacy was to be Thine is the silence, when the soul found only in the "Universal Medicines," I immediately
by J. Crisp, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster had recourse to them; gave her ten pills of No. 2; in two
Row, where all Advertisements and Commanja Communes in secret and alone,
hours, ten more ; when powerful evacuations reduced the cations for the Editor are to be addressed.
These are the remains of an ancient “ vast and awful ;" they serve, however, particular mention. Charles I. spent a fortress, which appears, from historical to discover the ancient manner of build- night here in September 1645, after his notices, to have been a strong hold of ing: A double wall appears to have been retreat from Chester, in a tower which considerable magnitude and importance. built, with a considerable interval filled has ever since been called the king's The name Denbigh originally signifies a with all sorts of rubbish, stone, and hot tower. In 1646, the Castle was garrisoned little hill, and designates the site of the mortar, which became consolidated by by the royalists; its governor was Colonel town as compared with the neighbouring time into a stony hardness. This part of William Salisbury, commonly called bluemountains. The Castle crowns the sum- the building, we are told, was never com- stockings. It was besieged by troops mit of this hill, one side of which is quite pleted, the work having been relinquished under the command of Major-general precipitous. The entrance to it is very by the earl on the loss of his eldest son, Mytton. This siege was commenced magnificent, beneath a Gothic arch, over who was accidentally drowned in a well, about the 16th of July; but so vigorous which is the statue of Henry de Lacy, the spring of which is still to be seen in was the defence, that it was not surrenEarl of Lincoln, who built it in the reign the Castle-yard. The prospect through dered until the 3rd of November, and of Edward I., and who is represented as the broken arches is extensive and ex- then on very honourable conditions. It sitting in stately flowing robes. On each tremely picturesque.
is said to have been blown up after the side of the gateway stood a large octa But few events are recorded in the restoration of Charles II. gonal tower.
The breaches of it are history of this place that are worthy of a
THE UNPUBLISHED MEMORANDA
NOTES ON THE ISLAND OF CUBA. tivation is rendered extremely light and easy. where it is so, though the customary mode is
The earth is profusely fertile, and the luxuriant to do without knife altogether, its use being vegetation yields its fruit in prodigious bulk scarcely required in their culinary prepara
and in amazing abundance. Of the clay the tions.* Their dishes are generally olios and No. III.
inhabitants avail themselves by working it into stews, in which garlics invariably more or less excellent pottery, as well as into bricks and prevail
, and in which lard or oil is abundant. It was one of the early remarks of Columbus | tiles. The superiority of the porous cooling- The various preparations of beef, mutton, pork, that the climate of Cuba was more temperate jars of Cuba has rendered this manufacture fish, or fowl, are then passerl round to each than that of the other islands. The nights, to an article of extensive commerce throughout person, as wine is at an English dessert, and him, were neither hot nor cold; and the lovely all the neighbouring colonies. They preserve every one, commencing first with the stranger, scenes among its groves, or along its flowery the elegant simplicity of the forms in which at table, supplies himself as he pleases. In shores, had given it so much the character of they were found manufactured by the Indians, the order in which each individual clears the beauty and salubrity that lie bursts out, in and possess an air strikingly associated with contents of his plate, the dishes are passed on, one of his earliest letters, with the exclama the classic models of the old Etruscan pottery. that he may help himself again. The lighter tion that “ he could live there for ever.” This Limestone is scarce : the consequence is that wines of Spain are the common table drink of mild temperature excites the remark of all every fragment of the coral, forming the reefs all classes, such as the tinto or red wine, and persons who visit it from the other colonies of the coast, as well as every shell thrown on the white or mountain wine, but more geneTo my sensation, the inornings and nights the beach by the surf, and every calcarious sub- rally the red. The Malaga and sherry are were excessively cold, as much so as those in stance found in the fields, are diligently col- those of the dessert; the rich fruits of the the autumn of Europe; and, notwithstanding lected to be burnt into lime. Vessels visiting country, and the dried fruits of the Mediterthat the low and fat nature of the coast gave the port are also encouraged to ballåst with ranean, finishing the repast. These last are the impression of a country unpropitious to linestone. The inhabitants thus endeavour, by brought on with the cigars, a little pan conthe health of man, a short residence on the every available means, to overcome one of the taining lighted charcoal being placed in the shores of this district, badly as they were disadvantages resulting from their rich alluvial middle of the table. After smoking and talkcleared, and partially as they were improved, soil.
ing freely for half an hour, by which time it both by drainage and cultivation, soon con As the stranger who retains his peculiar may be about two or three o'clock in the day, vinced me of its natural salubrity. Though habits among the Spaniards, whose manners cach person retires from the table to his cot or all that met the view exhibited the fact that and sentiments are those of the south of hammock, for a sleep, called the siesta. Among it was a country but just emerging from its Europe, and consequently of that part of its the many estimable qualities possessed by the original rudeness into tillage, and the fields continent exclusively of the Catholic faith, Spaniard is his sobriety in eating and drinking. had not been subjected to that degree of health- subjects himself to religious dislike, and to an His morning meal is simply a cup of coffee or inspiring toil, in the all-providing care of na unsocial and inhospitable reserve by no means chocolate, tea being used seldom otherwise ture, which renders labour necessary for the natural to the Spanish character, I changed than medicinally. His breakfast, at ten well-being of man, and the preservation of his my babits with any change of place, became o'clock, differs liitle from his dinner, except health, yet I soon perceived that there were adopted into the family with which I resided, in the absence of wine and fruit; and his certain natural characteristics in the unculti- and, as there are no inns or taverns among supper is a simple repast of bread and sallad. vated country which gave it advantages that them, partook of that national hospitality con The houses, from the windows being grated art alone is supposed to conser elsewhere. The veyed in the characteristic reply given when with bars of turned hardwood, have, as I have immense open savannas, as varied and inter- inquiries are made by strangers for a house of said, a secluded, unsocial look. It gives to esting in their features as spots on which the public accommodation, that " he that is known those who inhabit them an appearance of band of industry had bestowed its diligent la- requires no such place, and he that is unknown being under duress or social restraint. The bour, break continually the still shades of the has no business here.” The domestic comforts larger apartments, such as the saloon, &c., heavy forest, and, giving it the advantage of a of the inhabitants here, however, are few,—at are seldom occupied. Some detached or open country more cleared and more generally cul- least in the way that we have been accustomed spot at the back of the dwelling is the usual tivated, render at once its air salubrious, and to estimate such things. The wife is scarcely sitting-room of the family. As to bed-rooms, its temperature agreeable. Damp woods do elevated beyond the condition of a servant. In or the separate sleeping apartments wbich not interrupt the free course of the diurnal the house she forms no part of the husband's we call so, they can scarcely he said to have and nocturnal winds; and the tides on the society. It did not seem to me to be other- any. A large chamber, in which may be three coast, incessantly drawing off the flooded wa wise in the more opulent families. The mother or four cots and a hammock or two, forms a ters from the morasses, do not permit them to and daughters diet at a different table from kind of common dormitory, one for the men, impoison the breeze with noxious vapours. the male portion of the household, and their and another for the females; and their cots All parts being exposed to the influence of the repasts are served to them at a different hour. and hammocks, folded during the day and prevailing winds, coolness and salubrity is im- A Spaniard appears to me to consider a din- opened at night, and supplied with a sheet and pressed every where.
The mountains, wh mer-table incapable of social elegance. Indis pillow, are the furniture of a bed-room. The rise from out the far-spread plains, and stretch dual convenience being the principal circum- general appearance of their houses, however, along the interior, are sufficiently lofty to se stance attended to, the whole sinks into a mere is that of extreme cleanliness; and, as they cure that streaming of condensed air which, bodily gratification, holding no better place in cook with charcoal, their kitchens have always from sunset to sunrise, pours from their sum social estimation than the commonest indul- the freshness of recent whitewash. mits to the sea, and is known by the name of gence of the senses. The Arabs, after the The observation is not true, that the beauly the land breeze; and being sufficiently, dis- fatigues of a caravan, resting in the desert, of the Spanish ladies reigns most conspicuous tant, also, not to reflect back the direct rays of taking their meals by a midnight fire, and in their novels and romances. A very pleasing the sun upon the coast, they do not overheat listening to some wild tale of imagination, has delicacy of countenance is certainly their genethe atmosphere by day. The soil of Cuba is less of the absence of civilization than the din- ral characteristic. Their fine regular features, generally moist, but not hoggy: To a person ner of a colonial Spaniard. The stranger, at a and full dark eyes shining through raven ringat sea, after the sun has burst from the east, a dinner parly, must set aside his diflidence. The lets and tresses (for they take an infinite deal great body of vapour is seen to accumulate courtesy of the host in helping him first must of pains in dressing their hair), are heightened over the savannas and lowlands. The moun not be looked for; the civility of a Spaniard by a simple archness in the expression of the tains at this time are free from clouds; but as observes no other ceremony than that of urging face, which gives them a natural air of wit the day advances these vapours coalesce as his guest to supply himself from the dish before and vivacity extremely prepossessing. But to they ascend, and pour down from the high any of the company. I shall describe the din- those who have lived in Spanish families freely lands a continual supply of rivulets, or, by ner meal, and all the others will be duly ap- and socially, there are certain drawbacks in filling with moisture every fissure of the earth, preciated. The bread is cut up and placed in their habits which at once dissipate all the ilrender springs of fresh water to be found every the middle of the table, and cvery one is thus lusions with which novels and romances have where at a convenient depth.
left, from time to time, to take what he re invested their spirit and beauty. They are The soil of the lowlands in the neighbour-quires. Two plates are distributed to each careless of decency in their persons. To see hood of Manzanilla is a deep black mould, person, so that the ceremony of a change is extended on a bed of occasional marl or clay effected by oneself, and the attendance of a * The butchers, in preparing their meat for sale, It is remarkalıly destitute of stony substances, servant very much dispensed with. Each per separate the flesh from the bone
by cuiting it into scarce any earthy concretions being to be found son is supplied with a knife, a fork, and spoon, narrow strips, and sell it, not by weight, but by as big as the hand, so that the labour of cul- at least it has been my lot to be in houses
them in their household affairs on ordinary charge this slave was at the time, and with whom | arrived of Buonaparte's having returned to days, with loose attire, slip-shod feet, naked he had a difference; and, as he could not flog the Paris from Elba. He said that all was in ancles, and bosoms bare for their morning book-keeper, he flogged the slave. Such, at least, motion and commotion. The Duke of Wels dress is seldom confined by ties or bands, and
was the account I received from a third party, lington sent for him to bring Harder's great the restraint of stays is an artifice to assist the another book-keeper. I could scarcely have given Map of the Low Countries to his own house graces of nature unknown to the simple maids credit to such an allegation; had I not heard of immediately; and, when he brought it, they of Cuba), and then to observe them after, simai lar cases on abboer plantations, on authority 1 both spread 'it open upon the ground, ană siesta, or on feast-days and Sundays, trim and had no cause to doubt.
2nd and 3rd. Two young women. This punish- knelt down over it, to examine the particular bizarre, coquetish as you please, in the exu ment took place one evening on the barbecue, places where Buonaparte would probably direct berance of livery, the striking change scarcely where pimento is dried. Mr. M'Lean, the over
his forces on the commencement of hostilities. fails to remind one of the amusing tale of our seer, and I, were sitting in the window-seat of This was after the memorable declaration of childhood--the fairy story of Cinderella and his hall; and I was just remarking to him that I the sovereigns, at Vienna, not to keep the the glass slipper seems to be realized. observed the drivers took great pride in being able sword in the scabbard so long as Buonaparte
To refuse any thing offered by a Spaniard, to crack their whips loud and well. While we should continue head of the French empire. be it what it may, is a mark of incivility, more
were thus conversing, the gang of young slaves, The duke seemed to know every spot, as if by especially if it be from the hand of a lady. employed in plucking pimento, came in with their intuition, where lis adversary would halt or
basket-loads. The head book-keeper, as usual, As both sexes smoke, a person incessantly en
commence an attack. While they were thus counters presents of cigars; and to do any each slave had duly performed the task allotted! occupied, the Emperor of Russia entered the thing less than apply them to their destined The baskets of two poor girls were pronounced retire ; not, however, before he saw the empepurpose in the company of the person whose deficient; and the book-keeper immediately orcourtesy you acknowledge by accepting the dered them to be fogged. The overseer did not
ror and the duke both stooping down over the gift, would be as ridiculously ill-bred an act interfere, nor ask a single question, the matter not map in question, and heard the former say to as pocketing a pinch of snufi' froin the splen- being deemed of suflicient importance to require the latter, first jogging his elbow: “Enfin, did tubuliere offered you by some condescend- his interference, though this took place within a Wellington, ce sua pour vous de chasser l'ening lord. As the bosom of a Spanish lady is few yards of the open window where we were sit- nemi hors du pays.'~' In fact, Wellington, the depository of every thing, from her rosary, ting; One of the girls was instantly laid down, you are the man who must drive the enemy her crucifix, and amulet, to her choicely-twisted her back parts uncovered in the usual brutal and out of the country.' Was ever prediction so cigars, it is a mark of especial regard when she indecent manner, and the driver commenced flog, gloriously verified ?" condescends to hand a gift to a stranger from this ging-every stroke upon her flesh giving a loud depository. He is indeed esteemed uncourteous calling out in agony, “ Lord! Lord! Lord!”
crack, and the wretched creature at the same time who should disregard so sentimental a present: " That,” said the overseer, turning to me, with a The evidences of an honour conferred—ì should chuckling laugh, “ that is the best cracking, by
JEREMY BENTHAM. rather say, of favour and respect-are still | G--d!"* The other female was then Hogged further marked when she invites you to light also on the bare posteriors, but not quite so se propriety of this punishment, until every thing
As to prisons, it is impossible to judge of the the cigar thus offered at the one glowing verely. They received, as usual, each 39 lashes.
which relates to their structure, and to their within her own lips. There is an evident sen
4th and 5tb. On another occasion I saw two timent accompanying all this ; a Spanish lady girls, from ten to thirteen years of age, flogged by in general, contain every thing likely to pollute
interior government, is understood. Prisons, betrays it in her eyes. “Do me the favour to order of the overseer. They belonged to the second gang, employed in cane-weeding, and were ac
the body, and debase the mind. receive this from my bosom," is said with a
Examine look and smile that impress you with the con
cused of having been idle that morning. Two them merely as the abodes of inactivity: the
other girls of the same age were brought up to faculties of the prisoners languish, and become sciousness of being a favoured person. The hold them down. They got e ch 39.
enervated, from disuse; their organs, no longer courteous bow, linked with the word “servi
6th and 7th. After this Is two young men pliant, are paralysed; injured in their characdora” that follows the “ lo estimo” of the per- fogged (very severely) in the cooper's yard. I did ter, and interrupted in their habits of labour, son thus noticed, completes the condescension. not learn their offence.
they are goaded by misery into crime; placed 8th. On another occasion, a man in the road under the subaltern despotism of persons who leading from New Ground to Golden Spring: We are generally depraved by the sight of wicked
met this man while riding out, and for some offence
ness and the practice of tyranny, these unfor-
tunate men may be exposeil to a thousand offensive), the overseer called a driver from the unknown sufferings, by which they are embitTus, my first full view of West India slavery, field, and ordered him 39 on the spot.
tered against society, and hardened against occurred on the 4th of September, 1832, between 9th and 10th. Two young men before breakfast, punishment. twelve ard two o'clock, being the day after my for having slept too long. They were mule-drivers; In a moral point of view, a prison is a school landing in the island, and within an hour after my and, it being then crop time, they had been two in which vice learns, by the most certain means, arrival on the plantation.
days and a night previously at work without sleep. that every attempt to acquire virtue is vain and I resided on New Ground estate, from the time As the overseer and I were going out at day-break idle. Spleen, revenge, and want, preside at of my arrival in the beginning of September, and (the sun was not up), we found them only putting this education of perversity. Emulation heexclusive of some occasional absences, altogether the harness on their mules. They ought, accord fully seven weeks; and, during that period, I ing to the regulations then prescribed on the planspires others with his ferocity; the cunning,
comes the parent of crime. The ferocious inwitnessed with my own eyes the regulur Hogging tation, to have been out half an hour sooner and of upwards of twenty negrocs. I heard also of for this offence they received a very severe flog- tiousness. Every thing that can debase the
with his tricks; the debauched, with his licenmany other negroes being Hogged, by order of the ging. overseer and book-keepers, in the field, while I re ilth. A girl who had been missing for some
heart and the imagination is the resource of sided on the plantation, besides the cases which days, having absconded from the plantation for their despair: united by a common interest, came under my own personal observation. Neither fear of punishment.
they mutually aid each other in shaking off do I include in this account the slighter floggings
the yoke of shame. Upon the ruins of social inflicted by the drivers in superintending the ANECDOTE OF THE DUKE OF WEL-honour a false honour arises, composed of deworking gangs,--which I shall notice afterwards.
LINGTON. The following are additional cases of which I
ceit, of intrepidity in opprobrium, of forgetful
ness of the future, of enmity against the human have a distinct recollection. But I have retained The following anecdote is given on the testi
It is thus that our unfortunate fellow. the precise date of only one of these cases (the mony of Dr. Dibdin, in his “ Bibliographical creatures, who might have been restored tu 121h), from having found it necessary to destroy Tour.”_" One young man,” says the Doctor, virtue and happiness, pride themselves upon almost all my papers, in consequence of the threats of the house of Ariaria, the bookseller,) “ of the heroism of crime, and the sublime of wickof the Colonial Unionists.
ist. A slave employed in the boiling-house. genteel appearance and pleasing address, used edness. He was a very stout negro, and uncommonly well
to claim a considerable share of my attention A criminal, after having completed his term dressed for a slave. He was laid down on the and conversation ; and he gave me in prison, ought not, without precaution and ground, held by two men, and flogged on the curious particulars connected with the state of trial, to he restored' to society; he ought not naked flesh in the mode I have described, receiv- the metropolis (Vienna), when the news first to be permitted to pass immediately from a ing 39 lashes. I was afterwards assured by one
state of inspection and of captivity, to unliof the book-keepers that this negro had really • The cart-whip, when wielded by a vigorons arm, gives mited liberty; to be at once abandoned to all committed no offence, but that the overseer had
forth a loud report, which, without any exaggeration, may
the temptations of loneliness, of misery, and of him punished to spite a book-keeper under whose heard it distinctly at two miles' distance in the open air. desire sharpened by long privation.
circle, high or low, political, commercial, or platform, than by the large and unusual proTHE TOURIST. religious, the inquiry is still, Will slavery be portion of the male sex in the centre of the
abolished? All feel a common interest in the room. As far as we could judge, by 'actual MONDAY, APRIL 22, 1833.
answer to this momentous question, and all enumeration, they were more than two to one, who ask it seem equally removed from every behind the five or six benches generally re
selfish anxiety except to stand acquitted of served for the ladies. But the meeting was not We have often had the pleasure of voluntary, participation in the national guilt
. less distinguished by the tone of its proceedpaying a tribute of respect to The Chris- unimportant, either in their numbers or their
There is, however, a certain party, now very ings than by the character of its members. It
was well understood that the decision of the tian Advocate, før the warmth and talent influence, who are wholly inaccessible to the ministerial measure, which is promised to be with which they maintain the cause near generous feelings of their countrymen. We "safe and satisfactory,” would be materially est to our own hearts--the Abolition of do not allude to the paltry few whose pockets affected by the temper which miglit then be Colonial Slavery. We have now to thank are interested in the discussion. As respects indicated upon one important point. The artithe writer of one of the most cheering thein, it is equally useless to appeal to their fice of the colonial party has, for some time, energetic, and eloquent articles which judgment or their feeling; but, for reasons been insinuating to the minister that public we have ever read on this subject, for the been adopted by the party now in opposition, of the expenses attendant upon immediate
not very obvious, the colonial question has feeling has become blunted by apprehension pleasure we have received in its perusal; as their slibboleth. One and all have agreed emancipation; and not less so by a fear lesı and we gladly embrace the opportunity to try their political faith by this test. Ask a
Ask a the measure should work incalculable distress we now possess of giving to it a more ex- Tory of the old school to abolish slavery: upon many innocent individuals. The stratended circulation. Many of our readers. “Bless your heart, it is a direct invasion of tagem was dexterous ; but it has altogether in common with ourselves, will recognize aristocratic privilege!" Appeal to the lawyer failed. When Mr. Buxton fairly put it to the in this article a hand to which the cause of some fifty years' standing in a court of meeting if they grudged the expenses of of justice and benevolence is unspeakably equity, and he tells
you the question involves emancipation, even though they should em
Remind the brace a scheme, not of compensation, but of indebted, and will join us in congratu- churchman of the divine command, to do to relief, long-continued and unanimous applause lating that gentleman on the feelings others as we would have others do io us, he expressed their cheerful assent. Mr. Gurney which he must enjoy at the present crisis, replies at once, “ Very true, sir; but this de- followed, and was received with similar approwhether he look back to his own exer- structive anti-slavery principle trenches on the bation. Towards the conclusion of the meettions, or forward to the prospects of his diviue right to tithe;" and thus, between the ing, Mr. George Stephen, at Mr. Buxton's
one and the other, some favourite political request, stated his views upon this question, at cause.
maxim is always found to vindicate hostility the same time protesting strongly against the It is difficult to find expressions adequate to to abolition; not because one among them principle of compensation ; and the meeting those mingled feelings of satisfaction and ventures to deny its abstract justice, but that reiterated their willing acquiescence; whilst anxiety with which we regard the present it is linked, in some way, with that chain of Lord Fitzwilliam, and the Rer. Mr. Burnet, state of the colonial question.
antiquated principle which now forms the dis- were not less cheered in their disclaimers of It is well known to our readers that we have tinguishing trait of the self-called Conserva- the compensatory principle. It was clearls from the first taken it up as a question, not tive party. Is this reasonable? Is it right? felt that, though abolition was essentially oponly directly involving the interests of huma- Is the fåte, témporal and eternal (for their posed to the direct or indirect pecuniary renitý, but as intimately connected with the Christian instruction is involved in the ques- demption of the slave, Christian charity alike character of our country, with our national tion), of a million of our fellow-creatures to be forbade that we should grudge a sacrifice for prosperity, with the very principles of our re thus entangled with matters of partial and the necessary costs of effecting it, or for the ligious faith. This was no sudden conviction party interest? Are a million of human beings relief of those, if any, who might suffer eni--no creed adopted with a view to our success to be made the counters of a political game? | barrassment as the indisputable result. The as journalists--but the result of mature and Are the souls of men equal in number to a resolutions of the meeting accordingly exanxions reflections upon the subject, as con- twentieth part of the population of England pressed this feeling, and thus informed the nected with the policy of the state, and the -is the soul of one among them to be the ininister, in terms not to be inistaken, that he duty of a Christian community. Long before stake which a bishop or a statesman shall ven- should find no excuse for balf measures, in the colonists had made the bold arowal that ture for his political existence? The hour is the supposed repugnance of the country to a Christianity and slavery were irreconcilably coming, and perhaps it is not far distant, when reasonable expenditure in support of a decided opposed, we had arrived at that conclusion. the remorse of a death-bed conscience will an- step. We entreat those gentlemen, those While it was yet a reaata quæstio whether sla- swer these questions in a tone that will speak reverend and right reverend gentlemen-espevery conduced to the pecuniary interest of the of eternal sorrow. It is the pertinacity, the cially, who are alarmed by the puling cry of state, we bad satisfied ourselves that the homely bigoted obstinacy, which, in defiance of the ruin to the innocent, and destitution to the adage, “Honesty is the best policy," applied national opinion, Las banded together the op- widow and orphan, to take note of this. As with equal force to the gigantic operations of ponents of liberal principles, in stubborn re to the expenses of a new magistracy and poa country, as to the humble affairs of an indi- sistance to the views of the abolitionists, that lice, we will answer for it that they will be vidual; and upon these principles we adopted has occasioned our anxiety. We are willing, repaid ten-fold, by the savings in our military the Anti-slavery side. We do, indeed, rejoice indeed, to believe--we may say we are as- and naval establishments, when freemen, isnow to find that we rightly calculated upon sured—that many are to be found among the stead of slaves, are to be kept in order. their ultimate success with the public; in partisans of the old Tory system who feel The two committees at Aldermanbury have fact, it only required that their eyes should be ashamed of this desperate and degrading acted on this occasion with a spirit and coropened to the real merits of the case, to ensure manæuvre. Many there are who, disgusted diality that do them credit. On the day folthe operation of that good sense which charac- that slavery should become the badge of their lowing that of the meeting, they resolved to terises our country. Their eyes are opened ; party, have nobly renounced their allegiance make their last effort to awaken the country to people are now astonished that they have been to it, and abjured the unholy alliance. Think an energetic action becoming the awful crisis. so long blinded; each man asks his neighbour ing and moderate men begin to feel that it is for this purpose they issued to every associawhy he knew not all these things before; and sinful to carry their party attachment to such tion an appeal of a very decided character. with an impetuosity, proportioned to its previous extremities; and among these are, at this They have called upon the provincial societies apathy, the country insists upon an iminediate moment, to be found many recent, but zealous to echo back the resolutions passed at Exeter and entire reform. converts to the anti-slavery cause.
Hall, by sending delegates to London, on the And this is right: lost time must be re We have introduced these remarks, to which 18th instant, to represent to the Colonial trieved ; the apology of ignorance, poor as it we would especially entreat the attention of Minister the intensity of the national feeling. was, is gone ; every man, woman, and child our clerical readers, whether Churchmen or Nothing can be more useful or more impresin the United Kingdom now understands the Dissenters, as preliminary to some important sive than this. Our opponents have misreprecase; and, understanding it, all are resolute advice which we are about to offer. The an- sented, and Government have doubted, the to redeem themselves from the charge of in- niversary meeting of the Anti-Slavery Society, sincerity of our anti-slavery pretensions. No sensibility. This is the source of our satisfac- held at Exeter Hall on the 2nd instant, was means could be found to remove the delusion tion: go where we will, abolition is now the distinguished, not less by the rauk and influ 80 satisfactory as a vivâ você exposure of it. all-absorbing topic of conversation ; in every ence of the public characters assembled on the We confidently anticipate such an assemblage