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11.biting a district named Dabanja, | Dabanja : the language of the two tribes being How much money has been paid by the staj i mney beyond the Nile, in a coun- entirely distinct. Two little boys belonging British labourer and manufacturer to support te

ie general appellation of Damit- to the Tacazze Shangalla, who a short time slavery already? Let us see a balance-sheet, Cirua iley entertain a very imperfect before had been taken prisoners, much amused in which this and the other items named shall no!, ? of (01. whom they call Mussaguzza. our traveller at Antalo with their playful be put down; and then show how much is 1. i'r ym.es of adoration they offer up to antics,—dancing and singing in a manner owing to the men of the cow-skin. Will not tive licity in during a great holiday, called peculiar to their nation. One of their songs the Irish members help us in this? Cannot hepon, when the whole people assemble to had something extremely affecting in the tune some confidence be put in them, that they sacrilice a www, which is not killed in the as well as the words. The translation which will stand up in a mass in defence of the usual way, hy having its throat cut, but by was made of this chant may be versified as general empire upon this point, and trust to beinn stal berd in a thousand places. follows:

the gratitude of the whole community when They have neither priests nor rulers, all men

the time shall come for showing it? Let them being looked upon as equals, though consider

We are far away from our dear homes,

consider well how strongly this would tend to able respect is shown to age; an old man

And where our mothers be,

combine the general interest with theirs. Let

Our homes beside the pleasant springs being always allowed to drink first, and to

them reflect in what numerous classes, hostile

And streams of Tacazzé. have two wives, while the younger are restrict

The armed men came ; our mothers fled

it may be to them hitherto on many points of ed to one. When a young man is desirous of

To seek the mountain caves,

belief or prejudice, this would quash the feelmarrying, it is customary for him to give his

And we, their children, left, were led

ing of distrust, and substitute the confidence sister to him whose sister he takes; or, if he

To be Antálo's slaves ; -

of fellow-labourers in one great cause. If the have no sister, he will go to war for the pur Strangers in stranger land we roam,

Irish members will come forward as one man, pose of taking a female prisoner, who is im Far from our mothers and our home.

and stand in the gap between the English mediately adopted as his sister, and formally

people and their enemies on the West India exchanged, no other dower on either side Generally speaking, however, the slaves in question, whatever may be the event, they will being required. They do not marry as early Abyssinia are very happy; and several of those not fail in one point-the securing an adheas the Abyssinians, but there is no frailty with whom Mr. Salt conversed, who had been sion to the cause of Ireland, which, first or before marriage. Adultery is punished with captured at an advanced period of life, pre- last, will vastly overbalance the puny efforts death. The women, besides taking care of ferred their latter mode of living to that which of the cabinet to raise themselves in the eyes the house, assist the men in ploughing, and they had led in their native wildls; a circum- of their enemies by the depression of a gallant are entitled to an equal share in the produce stance which, in a great measure, may be people. All good feelings will join and link of the land. When a child is born, the father attributed to the docility of their character, themselves. The hearts of the legislature gives it a name, which is generally derived which allows them soon to be naturalized " thrill at Poland;" but, considering " the from some circumstance connected with its among strangers. “The situation of slaves, condition of the country," " the distress,” &c., birth, or an accidental mark on its body. The indeed,” lie says further, is rather honourable they cannot reconcile it to their consciences to name of Mr. Salt's informant was Oñazena, than disgraceful, throughout the east; and grant any public money to assist the persecuon account of his being born with a warton the difference between their state and that ofied Poles. They will have no such scruples his hand; others are called “Immagokwa," the western slaves is strikingly apparent. They with respect to the persecuting West Indians. born in the night,—“Wokea,” born while have no long voyage to make; no violent At this moment, unless surmise is wrong, they making booza, — “Wunnee,” born on the change of habits to undergo; no qut-iloor are haggling with them, to know the lowest ground, vc. When a man dies, he is buried labour to perform; and no' white man's scorn' | price at which they will sell their nuisance. without ceremony, in his clothes, and the rela- to endure; but, on the contrary, are frequently could not something be done upon this point tives kill, and feast on, the cattle he leaves adopted like children into the family, and, to which should carry the name of Ireland into behind him, the wife having, for her share, make use of an eastern expression, 'bask in the far-ofi' divisions of the globe, and give her the household furniture, -and the sons his the sunshine of their master's favour.'” one more link with the every where rising arms, implements of agriculture, and land.

cause of man and of lıumanity ? Westminster The favourite occupation of the men is hunt

Reriew for April, 1833. ing; and they indiscriminately eat the flesh of the elephant, the buffalo, deer, &c., or what IRELAND AND NEGRO SLAVERY. ever else they can procure. The Rhinoceros of this country has invariably two homs. A curious contrast is presented between the The arms of these savages consist of spears, ardour of the Ministry to resort to extreme

APHORISMS. shields, bows and arrows; and the tribe is measures in Ireland, and their placability continually engaged in war with the people where the Crown and people of Great Britain of Metikul and Banja, who frequently invade are really suffering wrong and insult. A race

The pleasure of the religious man is an easy the country for the express purpose of pro- of colonial bullies, whom nothing but the in- and a portable pleasure, such an one as he carries curing slaves. When the Dazzela take any terference of the British administration

about in his bosom, without alarming either the

preeither in making cloth or manufacturing iron; their own negroes, may insult the head of the but errors immediately leading to the destruction prisoners, they tie their legs, and employ them vents from being crushed like cock-roaches by eye or the envy of the world.--Soutu.

Speculative absurdities may endure for ages ; and, if incapable of work, they kill them. A Government, and organise associations for il. of society are generally dissipated by an applicastrong people, called Dippura, reside in the legal violence upon their countrymen, and tion of the test of experience. --Mackintosii. interior of the Dabanja country. The Dug- the ministers, as meek as mice, shall be ar The infirmities of human nature undermine the gala were said to be on the opposite side from ranging, with the home branch of the cart- conspiracies of the wicked, perhaps even more Darfoor; and Yiba Hossa was mentioned as a whip dynasty, the price at which they will than they loosen the union of the good.- 1b. mountain to which the people retired when consent to abate their nuisance. The whole Material resources never have supplied, nor pressed by an enemy. Several rivers, called horse has been paid for by the British public ever can supply, the want of unity in design, and Quoquee, Pusa, Kuossa,and Popa, flow through by a poll-tax ; and when the question is of constancy in pursuit.-Burke.

The blood of inan should never be shed but to these districts, which are all said to run in the substituting working in harness for drawing same direction as the Bahr el Abiad. It is by the tail, the Ministry is in negotiation with redeem the blood of man. It is well shed for our three days' journey from the last-mentioned the barbarian for paying him the price of the family for our friends, for our God, for our coun

try, for our kind. The rest is vanity; the rest is river to the Kuossa, and one from the Kuossa horse over again as the price of his consent.

crime.--Ib. to Pusa ; the other lying still further in the The slave-owner, whose slave, and all he has, interior. has been bought for him once out of the fectly, do seldom grow to a farther stature, so

As young men, when they knit and shape perThe only musical instruments in use among pockets of the British public, is to be told he knowledge, while it is dispersed in aphorisms and thein are trumpets, madle of the horn of the shall be paid the price over again, on condi- observations, may grow and shoot up, yet, once Agazen, pipes formed of bamboo, and a kind tion that he will consent to employ free labour inclosed and comprehended in methods, it may, of lyre with five strings, called "junqua,” afterwards. Why is not he rather charged perchance, be farther polished and illustrated, whose tones are described as harmonious. with the difference between the expense of and accommodated to use and practice, but in

The tribe the Shangalla, residing near slave-labour and of free?-and why is not he creaseth no more in bulk and substance. --Bacon. the Tacazze, was noticed by Mr. Bruce. It asked to lay down the cost of protecting him appears to be a perfectly different people, in from the just retribution which his own obevery respect but colour and form, from that of stinacy has brought almost upon his head ?

THE TOURIST.

week, and the denial of the present one condition to deceive the outraged huma-
—to truth at one time, and mendacity nity and justice of the British public by
another! Truly the political coward, like sophisms on their pledge to propose mea-
the natural one, dies many deaths. The sures of emancipation which shall prove
ministry, cajoled at home and bearded in “SAFE AND SATISFACTORY!"
the colonies, are certainly in a very fit

MONDAY, APRIL 15, 1833.

EXTRACT FROM THE MINUTES OF

THE COMMITTEE OF THE AGENCY
ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY,
At a Meeting held on the 1st of April, 1833.

RESOLVED,—That immediate measures be taken to promote addresses to the several metropolitan members, to induce them to attend in their places on the 23d inst., and support the measures of Government, should they go to the extent of entire abolition of Colonial Slavery ; or, should an unsatisfactory measure be proposed, then to support such an amendment as may be deemed necessary by the anti-slavery party.

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REFORM IN THE FRENCH COLONIES.

Whilst a Whig administration, aided by all the liberality of a reformed Parliament, are see-sawing between the West Indians and the justice and humanity of the whole nation, the French Ministry are carrying their schemes of colonial re

THE CHAMOIS GOAT. formation with a lusty hand. The contrast between the position of the two governments at this particular juncture is This animal, though wild, is distin- distance. During this time he seems in very striking, not merely in this, but in guished by a degree of sagacity and cha- the most violent agitation, striking the other respects. The one carry, with a racter which make it both docile and in- ground violently with its fore-feet, and haste that exhibits wonderful confidence teresting. It is found in rocky and bounding from rock to rock. in their strength, the bill to establish mountainous places, and is very common But the skill of this animal is shown military law in Ireland—the other sig in Piedmont, Switzerland, and Germany. most strikingly in its mode of descending nally fail in their attempts to obtain the It is about the size of the domestic goat, precipices, and of leaping from one height admission of such a state, as a state of varying in colour, according to the sea to another, inaccessible to every living siege in France in cases of revolutionary son, from an ash colour to nearly black. creature but itself. They always mount commotion ; the one declare their dispo- This animal is greatly admired for the and descend in an oblique direction, and sition to place the emancipation of the beauty of its eyes, which are round and will often throw themselves down a deslave from bondage on measures which, sparkling, and strikingly indicative of the scent of thirty feet, striking the rock when disclosed, shall prove safe and liveliness of its habits and temperament. three or four times with their hind feet to satisfactory, and yet fear to propose any Its head is furnished with two small diminish their velocity, and will light scheme of emancipation whatever—the horns, rising from the forehead almost with perfect security on some excrescence other make no pledges, no promises, no between the eyes, of a beautiful black or fragment just large enough for their disclosures, neither fawn for favour nor colour, and terminating in so sharp a feet to rest upon. Their legs are formed deprecate opposition; but, placing their point that the mountaineers have been by nature for this arduous travelling, the measures on the ground that the Govern- known to bleed cattle with them. hind being rather longer than the fore legs, ment, recognizing the progress of civiliza These creatures live in flocks of from and bending in such a manner, when they tion in the colonies, proceeds to discharge four to fourscore, which are, in a great light on them, as to break the force of its public duty by bringing legislation to measure, secured from danger by their their fall

. its aid, submit boldly their propositions extraordinary powers of perception and The hunting of the chamois is very diffor the future government of those colo- communication. Its vision is remarkably ficult and dangerous. The most usual nies, with a view to the extinction of acute, and the scent so good that it can mode of killing them is by shooting them slavery, and carry them by a majority of discover the approach of a man at the from behind projecting rocks. In chasing 110 to 4 dissentient voices. The journals distance of a mile and a half. Upon them, however, the huntsman exposes say that the whole colonial retinue was the slightest danger being perceived by himself to greater peril; for if the animal mustered among the auditory in this im- one of the flock, he alarms the rest by finds itself too closely pressed, he will portant sitting of the 1st of March, but uttering a hissing noise, of the length of sometimes turn upon the hunter, and, that the announcement of the state of the one respiration, which is produced by ex- driving at him with his head, endeavour votes was received with high approbation pelling the air violently through the nose, to throw him down the nearest precipice. both in and out of the Chamber of Peers. and is heard at a great distance. After In this case the hunters find it safest imWhat a contrast is this with the paltering this alarm the animal again looks round, mediately to prostrate themselves, and and dishonesty of our Ministers—to the and, perceiving that his fears were not allow the goat to pass over them and promise to-day, and the hope deferred to- groundless, continues to hiss at intervals precipitate itself from the height. morrow — to the assertion of the past | till he has spread the alarm to a great

may be a straw-built shed. Every wind of heaven may whistle round it. All the elements of nature may enter it; but the King cannot—the King dare not.”

Shortly after this period Sir William Pynsent, a man of considerable property, died, and, from his admiration of Mr. Pitt, disinherited his own relations, and made him heir to the bulk of his estate. It is a singular fact that a like circumstance had occurred to him in the earlier part of his life, the Dowager Duchess of Marlborough having bequeathed him £10,000 expressly for defending the laws of his country, and endeavouring to prevent its ruin. 1766, the Rockingham ministry proving unable to maintain its ground, a new ministry was formed, and Mr. Pitt was made Lord Privy Seal. At the same time he was created a peer, with the title of Earl of Chatham. He continued in office but a short time, resigning, for the last time, in 1768. He was at that time sixty years of age, and suffered dreadfully from gout, so as to be incapacitated for public business. He interfered, however, most strenuously against

the measures pursued by ministers in the THE EARL OF CHATHAM.

contest with America; and, after one of

his greatest efforts in a speech on this WILLIAM Pitt, afterwards Earl of treasurer of Ireland, and, the same year, subject, he sank into the arms of his Chatham, was born November 15, 1708, treasurer, paymaster-general of the friends around him, and, being conveyed and educated at Eton, whence, in Ja- army, and a privy councillor. In 1755, home, survived but a few weeks. We nuary, 1726, he went as a gentleman thinking it necessary to make a strong cannot better close this sketch than with commoner to Trinity College, Oxford. opposition to the continental connexions some passages illustrative of the Earl of When he quitted the university he served then forming by the ministry, he re- Chatham's powers of oratory, which we for a time in the army; but his talents signed his place, and remained for some shall extract from Butler’s Reminiscences. leading him more decisively to another time out of office. In December, 1756, “No person in his external appearfield of action, he entered on a political he was appointed secretary of state, fromance was ever more bountifully gifted by life, as member of parliament for the which the King removed him, but re- nature for an orator. In his look and borough of Old Sarum, in February, appointed him at the request of the na- his gesture, grace and dignity were com1735. In this situation his abilities were tion, conveyed by addresses to the throne. bined, but dignity presided; the terrors soon distinguished. It was on the occa- Mr. Pitt was now considered as prime of his beak, the lightning of his eye,' sion of the bill for registering seamen in minister, and the efficiency of his admi- were insufferable. His voice was both 1740, which he opposed as arbitrary and nistration was soon proved by the bril- full and clear; his lowest whisper was unjustifiable, that he made his celebra- liant successes which marked the period distinctly heard; his middle tones were ted reply to Mr. Horatio Walpole, who of it in all parts of the world. On the sweet, rich, and beautifully varied; when had attacked him on account of his accession of George the Third, however, he elevated his voice to its highest pitch, youth. “I will not undertake,” said being strongly opposed in his proposi- the house was completely filled with the Mr. Pitt,“ to determine whether youth tion to declare war against Spain, he re- volume of the sound. The effect was can be justly imputed to any man as a signed his office, and was followed, into awful, except when he wished to cheer reproach; but I will affirm that the more private life, loaded with tributes of or animate; he then had spirit-stirring wretch who, after having seen the con- honour and respect. He did not enter, notes, which were perfectly irresistible. sequences of repeated errors, continues however, into the ranks of an undiscri- He frequently rose, on a sudden, from a still to blunder, and whose age has only minating opposition, but only came for- very low to a very high key, but it seemed added obstinacy to stupidity, is surely ward against measures which demanded, to be without effort. His diction was rethe object either of abhorrence or con- from the consistency of his character, a markably simple, but words were never tempt, and deserves not that his grey decided resistance. One of these was chosen with greater care; he mentioned head should secure him from insults. the question of general warrants, the il to a friend of the Reminiscent, that he Much more is he to be abhorred who, legality of which he maintained with all had read twice, from beginning to end, as he has advanced in age, has receded the force of his genius and eloquence. A Bailey's Dictionary; and that he had from virtue, and becomes more wicked search or seizure of papers, without a perused some of Dr. Barrow's Sermons with less temptation — who prostitutes specific charge alleged, would be, he so often as to know them by heart. himself for money which he cannot en- contended, repugnant to every principle "On one occasion, Mr. Moreton, the joy, and spends the remains of his life in of liberty. The most innocent man could chief justice of Chester, a gentleman of the ruin of his country."

not be secure. “By the British consti- some eminence at the bar, happened to It was soon thought important to ob- tution," he continued, “every man's say, King, lords, and commons, or,'tain his co-operation with government, house is his castle. Not that it is sur-(directing his eye towards Lord Chatham), and in 1746 he was made joint vice- rounded with walls and battlements. It--as that right honourable member would

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sense.

call them, commons, lords, and king.' | it may mark the commencement of a series relates to their work. All unnecessary conThe only fault of this sentence is its non

of steps which shall result in an entire reform versation is forbidden. Profane swearing is Mr. Pitt arose, as he ever did, of our criminal law. In this country, the never overlooked. A strict watch is kept that with great deliberation, and called to or

minds of the benevolent have too long been no spirituous liquors may be introduced. Care

interested in this great subject to but little is taken that all the prisoners have the benefit der : I have," he said, “heard frequently practical purpose. We may, however, rejoice of religious instruction. The prison is accordin this house doctrines which have sur in and take encouragement from the achieve ingly open at stated times to the pastors of the prised me; but now my blood runs cold! ments of benevolence elsewhere. In America, different religious denominations of the place. Í desire the words of the honourable capital punishment is in a great measure un And as the mind of man may be worked upon member may

be taken down." The clerks known; and as we think it highly desirable by rewards as well as by punishments, a hope of the house wrote the words. “Bring that our own countrymen should be convinced is held out to the prisoners that the time of them to me,' said Mr. Pitt, in a voice of will extract from the writings of Mr. Clarkson good behaviour. For the inspectors, if they

their confinement may be shortened by their thunder. By this time Mr. Moreton was an account of the penal regulations in the have reason to believe that a solid reformation frightened out of his senses. “Sir," he state of Pennsylvania, illustrating the working has taken place in any individual, have a said, addressing himself to the Speaker, of an opposite system:

power of interceding for his enlargement; and 'I am sorry to have given any offence to “ As there is now but one capital offence in the executive government of granting it if they the right honourable member, or to the Pennsylvania, punishments for other offences think it proper. In cases where the prisoners house: I meant nothing. King, lords, are made up of fine, and imprisonment, and are refractory, they are usually put into soliand commons-lords, king, and com- labour; and these are awarded separately or tary confinement, and deprived of the oppormons--commons, lords, and king-tria conjointly, according to the magnitude of the tunity of working. During this time the excrime.

penses of their board and washing are going juncta in uno. I meant nothing! In

“When criminals have been convicted, and on; so that they are glad to get into employdeed I meant nothing.' 'I don't wish

sent to the great gaol of Philadelphia to under- ment again, that they may liquidate the debt, to push the matter further,' said Lord go their punishment, it is expected of them which, since the suspension of their labour, Chatham, in a voice a little above a that they should maintain themselves out of has been accruing to the gaol. whisper; then, in a higher tone, the their daily labour; that they should pay for “In consequence of these regulations, they moment a man acknowledges his error,

their board and washing, and also for the use who visit the criminals in Philadelphia, in the he ceases to be guilty, I have a great that they should defray the expenses of their large manufactory than of a prison. They see

of their different implements of labour ; and hours of their labour, have more an idea of a regard for the honourable member ; and, commitment, and of their prosecutions and nail-makers, sawyers, carpenters, joiners, weaas an instance of that regard, I will give their trials

. An account, therefore, is regularly vers, and others, all busily employed. "They him this advice:-a pause of some mo- kept against them; and if, at the expiration see regularity and order among these. And ments ensued; then, assuming a look of of the term of their imprisonment, there should

as no chains are to be seen in the prison, they unspeakable derision, he said, in a kind be a surplus of money in their favour, arising seem to forget their situation as criminals, and of colloquial tone-Whenever that mem

out of the produce of their work, it is given to to look upon them as the free and honest them on their discharge.

labourers of a community following their reber means nothing, I recommend him to

“ An agreement is usually made about the spective trades. say nothing.'

price of prison-labour between the inspector of “ In consequence of these regulations, great * But the most extraordinary instance the gaol and the employers of the criminals.

advantages have arisen both to the criminals of his command of the house is the man “ As reformation is now the great object in and to the state. The state has experienced a ner in which he fixed indelibly on Mr. Pennsylvania, where offences have been com

diminution of crimes to the amount of oneGrenville, the appellation of the Gentle mitted, it is of the first importance that the half since the change of the penal system; Shepherd.' At this time, a song of Dr. gaoler and the different inspectors should be and the criminals have been restored, in a Howard, which began with the words, persons of moral character. Good example, great proportion, from the gaol to the commu

religious advice, and humane treatment, on nity, as reformed persons; for few have been Gentle shepherd, tell me where,' -and the part of these, will have a tendency to pro- known to stay the whole term of their conin which each stanza ended with that duce attention, respect, and love, on the part finemeut. But no person could have had any line --was in every mouth. On some oc- of the prisoners, and to infuence their moral of his time remitted him, except he had been casion, Mr. Grenville exclaimed, “Where conduct. Hence it is a rule, never to be de- considered, both by the inspectors and the is our money ?—where are our means? parted from, that none are to be chosen as executive government, as deserving it. This I say again, where are our means?successors to these different officers but such as circumstance, of permission to leave the prison

before the time expressed in the sentence, is of where is our money? He then sat down, shall be found on inquiry to have been exem

great importance to the prisoners; for it opeand Lord Chatham paced slowly out of

plary in their lives.

“As reformation, again, is now the great ob- rates as a certificate for them of their amendthe house, humming the line, “Gentle ject, no corporeal punishment is allowed in the ment to the world at large. Hence no stigma shepherd, tell me where ! The effect prison, no keeper can strike a criminal, nor can

is attached to them for having been the inhawas irresistible, and settled for ever on any criminal be put into irons. All such pu

bitants of a prison. It may be observed, also, Mr. Grenville the appellation of the nishments are considered as doing harm. They that some of the most orderly and industrious Gentle Shepherd.'”

tend to extirpate a sense of shame. They tend and such as have worked at the most profitable to degrade a man, and to make him consider trades, have had sums of money to take on himself as degraded in his own eyes; whereas their discharge, hy which they have been able

it is the design of this change in the penal to maintain themselves honestly till they could CRIMINAL LAW REFORM. system that he should be constantly looking get into employ; It will be interesting to most of the readers and to the recovery of his moral character.

“ Such was the state, and such the manner up to the restoration of his dignity as a man, of execution, of the penal laws of Pennsylof The Tourist to learn that a bill is in pro

“As reformation, again, is now the great yania, as founded upon Quaker principles. So gress, to be brought forward in the House of object, the following system is adopted* : -No happy have the effects of this new system alCommons in the course of next month, for the intercourse is allowed between the males and ready been, that it is supposed it will be abolition f the punishment of death for the the females, nor any between the untried and adopted by the other American states. May crime of house-breaking. It may be well to the convicted prisoners. While they are en

the example be universally followed! May it explain, to such as may not be aware of the gaged in their labour, they are allowed to be universally received as a truth, that true distinction, that this crime differs from bur- talk only upon the subject which immediately policy is inseparable from virtue ; that, in proglary; it being necessary, to constitute bur

portion as principles become lovely on account glary, that the offence be committed by night. The measure will be introduced by Mr. Len- health with morals, the prisoners are obliged 10

** As cleanliness is connected with health, and

of their morality, they will become beneficial

when acted upon, both to individuals and to nard, member for Malden, on Tuesday, the wash and clean themselves every morning before states; or that legislators cannot raise a con16th of April. their work, and to bathe, in the summer season,

stitution upon so fair and firm a foundation as We sincerely wish success to this enlight- in a large reservoir of water, which is provided in upon the gospel of Jesus Christ!" ened and humane attempt, and we hope that the court-yard of the prison for this purpose.

BY AN EYE-WITNESS.

tion to our friends. As its limits are very | board the vessel I arrived in, in company with for punishment. No question was asked of the

SLAVERY IN JAMAICA.

either attended a public meeting, or heard a lecture of West India slaves to factory children. The delivered on the subject. I was, in fact, one of enchanting scenery, and beautiful humming-birds,

those individuals who believe that there is more no longer amused me; and the thundering crack We cannot more effectually advance our Many a time I had blamed such gentlemen as along, excited feelings of a very unpleasing des

real slavery in England than in any of her colonies. of the cart-whip, sounding in my ears as I rode object than by giving extensive circulation to Mr. Buxton, Dr. Lushington, and others, for mak. cription. a small pamphlet which has lately appeared ing so much ado in Parliament about colonial On reaching the estate, I was received in the under the title of “ Three Months in Jamaica slavery, and neglecting (as I conceived) the slavery most friendly manner by the overseer, and enterin 1832, comprising a Residence of Seven Weeks of the poor factory children at home, with whose tained with West Indian hospitality. This genon a Sugar Plantation ; by Henry Whitely. condition I was well acquainted, having been all tleman, after some inquiries as to the state of We know the author of this unassuming but my life resident in a manufacturing district, and things in England, began to enlarge on the commost effective publication; and can place the concerned, with some of my relatives, in the blan fortable condition of the slaves ; and, pointing to fullest reliance on his integrity. He is a man

ket business, at Heckmordwike, near Leeds. What some negro coopers who were working in the yard, of unimpeachable honesty, and of Christian tended to confirm me much in these views was the asked if I could perceive any difference between

perusal of the last Order in Council for the Ame- the condition of these slaves, and that of English principles. The situation which he held on lioration of Slavery, which I understood to have labourers. I owned I could not; they seemed to New Ground estate, brought him into imme- been sent out for adoption in all our slave colonies. diate contact with the system. He saw it in A copy of this document had been sent by a mem

work with great regularity, and apparent good

humour. all the nakedness of its atrocity, and has thus ber of parliament to the Central Committee at Immediately afterwards, the overseer called out, been enabled to sketch it to the life. The veil Leeds on the Factory System, of which I was a in a very authoritative tone, “Blow shell.” A which conceals its deformity from others was member, in order to enable us to judge whether large conch shell was then blown by one of the withdrawn from before his eye, and he was the condition of the West India slaves or that of domestic slaves, and in a few minutes four negro permitted to penetrate its mysteries without the factory children was preferable ; and the con drivers made their appearance in front of the suspicion or restraint. The details with which clusion which I came to upon its perusal, and house, accompanied by six common negroes. The he has supplied the public are adapted to under the persuasion that it had been generally drivers had each a long staff in his hand, and a increase a thousand-fold our abhorrence of adopted, was this—that, all things considered, the large cart-whip coiled round his shoulders. They colonial slavery, and to confirm our previous pur to that of the factory child. And with these im stood before the hall-door, and the overseer put

condition of the negro slave was much preferable appeared to be very stout athletic men. They pose of effecting its immediate abolition. The pressions I landed at St. Ana's Bay, in Jamaica. on his hat, and went out to them, while I sat at essential viciousness of the system is such as The day that I landed I was informed, by a the open window and observed the scene which to preclude the possibility of improvement, and clerk of the manager's, that a horse would be sent followed—having been informed that the other six to determine us on rejecting every compromise down from New Ground estate for me next morn negroes were to be punished. which a temporizing policy may propose. We ing; and that I would have to remain on that When the overseer went out, the four drivers are glad to find that Mr. Whitely's pamphlet is estate till I heard from the manager, or attorney gave him an account, on notched tallies, of their published in a very cheap form, for gratuitous of the proprietors, who was then at his own pro- | Half-day's work; and received fresh orders. The distribution, and would recommend its circula- perty, about sixteen miles from the Bay.

overseer then asked a few questions of the drivers

The same day, I dined at St. Ann's Bay, on respecting the offences of the six slaves brought up brief, we propose inserting the whole in two or three of our numbers.

several colonists, among whom was Mr. Hamilton culprits themselves, nor was any explanation

Brown, representative for the parish of St. Ann, waited for. Sentence was instantly pronounced, The reasons that have induced me, after mature in the Colonial Assembly. Some reference having and instantly carried into execution. reflection, to lay before the public the following been made to the new Order in Council, I was The first was a man of about thirty-five years of account of what I witnessed in Jamaica, during rather startled to hear that gentleman swear by his age. He was what is called a pen-keeper, or catmy late visit, are briefly these :

Maker that that Order should never be adopted in tle-herd; and his offence was having suffered a 1st. I feel it due to my own character, unim- Jamaica ; nor would the planters of Jamaica, he mule to go astray. At the command of the operportant as is my station in society, to detail, for said, permit the interference of the Home Govern seer he proceeded to strip off part of his clothes, the information of many friends who have kindly ment with their slaves in any shape. A great and laid himself flat on his belly, his back and interested themselves in my welfare, the circum- deal was said by him and others present about the buttocks being uncovered. One of the drivers stances that led to my return home so unexpectedly, happiness and comfort enjoyed by the slaves, and then commenced flogging him with the ca

cart-whip. and after so short a residence. 2ndly. I feel it of the many advantages possessed by them of This whip is about ten feet long, with a short due to my fellow-men-to my countrymen in which the poor in England were destituie. Among stout handle, and is an instrument of terrible power. England, and to their fellow-subjects in Jamaica other circumstances mentioned in proof of this, It is whirled by the operator round his head, and -to state, without reserve and without exaggera- Mr. Robinson, a wharfinger, stated that a slave in then brought down with a rapid motion of the arm tion, the facts which there fell under my observa- that town had sent out printed cards to invite a upon the recumbent victim, causing the blood to tion. Lastly, I feel it to be a religious duty-a party of his negro acquaintance to a supper party. spring at every stroke. When I saw this spectaduty to God as well as to man (since Providence, One of these cards was handed to Mr. Hamilton cle, now for the first time exhibited before my by means so unforeseen, and at so eventful a Brown, who said he would present it to the Go- eyes, with all its revolting accompaniments, and juncture, has placed me in circumstances that

vernor, as a proof of the comfortable condition of saw the degraded and mangled victim writhing render my humble testimony of soine immediate the slave population. This, and other circum- and groaning under the infliction, I felt horrorvalue), to give my plain and deliberate testimony stances then mentioned, tended to confirm the struck! I trembled, and turned sick ; but, being respecting the character of the system which I notions I had brought from England respecting determined to see the whole to an end, I kept my found in operation in that colony, In performing slavery in Jamaica ; and although I was somewhat station at the window. The sufferer, writhing like this task, I am aware that I shall inevitably give shocked and staggered by seeing, the same day, a wounded worm, every time the lash cut across some offence, and awaken some hostility; but, the Methodist chapel at St. Ann's Bay lying in bis body, cried out, “ Lord! Lord ! Lord!" When constrained as I am hy considerations which I ruins, as it had been destroyed by the whites six he had received about twenty lashes, the driver DARE not disregard, and avoiding, as I shall care- months before, and by learning that the mission stopped to pull up the poor man's shirt (or rather fully do, all disclosures but such as are requisite aries were no longer permitted to preach in that smock frock) which had worked down upon his to authenticate the facts and develop the system, parish, I nevertheless left the place next morning galled posteriors. The sufferer then cried, " Think I will not flinch from whatever responsibility the with my favourable impressions respecting the me no man? Think me no man ?" By that experformance of my duty involves, however painful condition of the staves not materially abated. clamation I understood him to say, "Think you I in some instances it may be to others as well as to These impressions, however, I was not permitted have not the feelings of a man ?" The flogging myself. long to indulge.

was instantly recommenced and continued ; the I arrived in Jamaica on the 3rd of September, I proceeded on horseback to New Ground es negro continuing to cry, “Lord! Lord! Lórd!" 1832. I was sent out by a respectable West tate the next day. On my way thither, I saw till thirty-nine lashes had been inflicted. When India house in London, under the patronage of a much majestic and beautiful scenery, and enjoyed the man rose up from the ground, I perceived the relative of mine, who is a partner in that house; the prospect exceedingly, until I caine in sight of blood oozing out from the lacerated and tumefied being furnished with a recommendation to their | a gang of negroes at work. Most of them were parts where he had been fogged ; and he appeared acting attorney in the island, with a view to be females; and they were superintended by a driver, greatly exhausted. But he was instantly ordered either employed in a store, or as a book-keeper with the cart-whip in his hand. Just as I rode off to his usual occupation. upon a plantation.

past, the driver cracked his whip, and cried out, The next was a young man apparently about Previously to my arrival in Jamaica, I had noclear Work! work!" They were manuring the canes, eighteen or nineteen years of age. He was forced conception of the nature of colonial slavery; and my and carrying the manure in baskets on their heads. to upcover himselfand lie down in the same mode as anticipations, in regard to the treatment and condi- It appeared to me disgustingly dirty work; for the the former, and was held down by the hands and tion of the slaves, were favourable rather than other moisture from the manure was dripping through feet by four slaves, one of whom was a young man wise. It so happened, that, excepting what I had the baskets, and running down the bodies of the who was himself to be flogged next. This latter seen in newspapers, I had never read a single negroes. This sight annoyed me considerably, and was a mulatto-the offspring, as I understood, of publication against colonial slavery, and had never raised some doubts as to the preferable condition some European formerly on the estate by a negro

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