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into England, became free.” The case parishes, threatened the court at Whiteball
, the churchyard was full, in the outskirts of the was argued at three different sittings, in and, in defiance of every precaution, stole its parish. of the hardened and brutal conduct January, February, and May, 1772, and way into the city. A general panic ensued; of the men to whom this duty was committed, the opinion of the judges was subse- the nobility and gentry were the first to flee; men taken from the refuse of society, and lost
the royal family followed; and then all, who to all sense of morality or decency, instances quently taken on the pleadings. The
valued their personal safety more than the were related, to which it would be difficult glorious result was, that as soon as ever considerations of home and interest, prepared to find a parallel in the annals of human deany slave set his foot on English territory, to imitate the example. For some weeks the pravity. he became free.
tide of emigration dowed from every outlet The disease generally manifested itself by From this period Mr. Sharp contem- towards the country; it was checked at first the usual febrile symptoms of shivering, nausea, plated the abolition of the slave-trade. by the refusal of the lord mayor to grant cer- head-ache, and delirium. In some, these affec? As he had delivered his country from the tificates of health, and by the opposition of the tions were so mild, as to be mistaken for a slight
neighbouring townships, which rose in their and transient indisposition. The victim saw not, fearful peril of harbouring slavery within own defence, and formed a barrier round the or would not see, the insidious approach of his its coasts, so he was deeply solicitous to devoted city.
foe ; he applied to his usual avocations, till a free it from the guilt of this most mon- The absence of the fugitives, and the conse- sudden faintness came on, the macula, the strous traffic. He therefore cordially as- quent cessation of trade and breaking up of fatal “tokens” appeared on his breast, and sociated himself with Mr. Clarkson and establishments, served to aggravate the cala- within an hour life was extinct. But, in most other enlightened philanthropists, and mity. It was calculated that forty thousand cases, the pain and delirium left no room for became Chairman of the Committee servants had been left without a home, and the doubt. On the third or fourth day, buboes or
number of artisans and labourers thrown out of carbuncles arose; if these could be made to formed in 1787 for the Abolition of the employment was still more considerable. It is suppurate, recovery might be anticipated ; if Slave-trade. To the close of his life he true, that the charity of the opulent seemed to they resisted the efforts of nature, and the skill remained the consistent advocate of the keep pace with the progress of distress. The of the physician, death was inevitable. The principles he had early avowed. His king subscribed the weekly sum of £1000; the sufferings of the patient often threw them into time, property, and personal labours were city of £600; the queen-dowager, the Arch- paroxysms of frenzy. They burst the bands by consecrated liberally to this noble object, bishop of Canterbury, the Earl of Craven, and which they were confined to their beds; they and secured him the admiration of an ex
the lord mayor, distinguished themselves by precipitated themselves from the windows;
the amount of their benefactions; and the they ran naked into the streets, and plunged. tensive circle; while his private virtues magistrates were careful to ensure a constant into the river. commanded the veneration and love of supply of provisions in the market; yet the Men of the strongest minds were lostin amazehis more intimate friends. He died July families that depended on casual relief for the ment, when they contemplated this scene of 6th, 1813, in the 79th year of his age.
ineans of subsistence were necessarily subjected woe and desolation; the weak and the creHis library was very extensive, and he to privations, which rendered them more liable dulous became the dupes of their own fears possessed a curious collection of Bibles,
to receive, and less able to subdue, the con- and imaginations. Tales the most improbable, which he presented to the British and chiefly to the lower classes, carrying off, in a lated; numbers assembled at different ceme
tagion. The mortality was at first confined and predictions the most terrific, were circuForeign Bible Society. His principal larger proportion, the children than the adults, teries to behold the ghosts of the dead walk works are, “ Remarks on the Uses of the the females than the men. But, by the end of round the pits in which their bodies had been Definitive Article in the Greek Testa- June, so rapid was the diffusion, so destructive deposited; and crowds believed that they saw ment,” &c. ; " A Short Treatise on the were the ravages of the disease, that the civil in the heavens a sword of flame, stretching English Tongue;"
“ Remarks on the authorities deemed it time to exercise the from Westminster to the Tower. To add to Prophecies; « Treatise on the Slave- powers with which they had been invested by their terrors came the fanatics, who felt themTrade;" “ On Duelling;”
an act of James 1., "for the charitable relief selves inspired to act the part of prophets. One
“On the Law and ordering of persons infected with the l of these, in a state of nudity, walked through of Nature and Principles of, Action in plague.” 1. They divided the parishes into the city, hearing on his head a pan of burning Man ;" tracts on “ The Ilebrew Lan- districts, and allotted to each district a compe- coals, and denouncing the judgments of God guage ;" “ Illustrations of the Sixty- tent number of offers, under the denomination on its sinful inhabitants; another, assuming eighth Psalm.”
of examiners, searchers, nurses, and watch the character of Jonah, proclaimed aloud, as men. 2. They ordered that the existence of he passed, “ Yet forty days, and London shall
the discase, wherever it might penetrate, should be destroyed;” and a third might be met, GRAPHIC ACCOUNT OF THE PLAGUE be made known the public by a red cross, sometimes by day, sometimes by night, advanc OF LONDON.
one foot in length, painted on the door, with ing with a hurried step, and exclaiming, with
the words, “ Lord, have mercy on us!" placed a deep sepulchral voice, “Oh, the great and At another time, the report of such a ric-above it. From that moment the house was dreadful God!" tory (over the Duteh feet in 1665) would have closed ; all egress for the space of one month During the months of July and August, the been received with the most enthusiastic de- was inexorably refused; and the wretched in- weather was sultry, the heat more and more monstrations of joy; but it came at a time mates were doomed to remain under the same oppressive. The eastern parishes, which at when the spirits of men were depressed by one roof, communicating death one to another. Of first had been spared, became the chief seat of of the most calamitous visitations ever expe- these, many sunk under the horrors of their pestilence, and the more substantial citizens, rienced by this or any other nation. In the situation; many were rendered desperate. They whom it had hitherto respected, suffered in depth of the last winter, two or three isolated eluded the vigilance, or corrupted the fidelity, common with their less opulent neighbours. cases of plague had occurred in the outskirts of the watchmen; and by their escape, in- In many places, the regulatious of the magisof the metropolis. The fact excited alarm, stead of avoiding, served only to disseminate trates could no longer be enforced. The and directed the attention of the public to the the contagion. 3. Provision was also made for nights did not suffice for the burial of the weekly variations in the bills of mortality. On the speedy interment of the dead. In the day- dead, who were now borne in coffins to their the one hand, the cool temperature of the air, time, officers were always on the watch to with-graves at all hours of the day; and it was inand the frequent changes in the weather, were draw from public view the hodies of those who human to shut up the dwellings of the infected hailed as favourable circumstances ; on the expired in the streets; during the night the poor, whose families must have perished through other, it could not be concealed that the num- tinkling of a bell, accompanied with the glare want, had they not been permitted to go and ber of deaths, from whatever cause it arose, was of links, announced the approach of the pest- seek relief. London presented a wide and progressively on the advance. In this state of cart, making its round to receive the victims heart-rending scene of misery and desolation. suspense, alternately agitated by their hopes of the last twenty-four hours. No coffins were Rows of houses stood tenantless, and open to and fears, men looked to the result with ihe prepared; no funeral service was read; no the winds; others, in almost equal numbers, most intense anxiety; and at length, about mourners were permitted to follow the remains exhibited the red cross flaming on the doors the end of May, under the influence of a of their relations or friends. The cart pro- The chief thoroughfares, so lately trodden by warmer sun, and with the aid of a close and ceeded to the nearest cemetery, and shot its the feet of thousands, were overgrown with stagnant atmosphere, the evil burst forth in all burden into the common grave, a deep and grass. The few individuals who ventured its terrors. From the centre of St. Giles's, the spacious pit, capable of holding some scores of abroad walked in the middle; and, when they infection spread with rapidity over the adjacent bodies, and dug in the churchyard, or, when met, declined on opposite sides, to avoid the
contact of each other. But, if the solitude and SCENERY, &c., IN ABYSSINIA.
During the three weeks we staid at Chestillness of the streets impressed the mind with
licut,” Mr. Salt adds, “ I spent a great part of awe, there was something yet more appalling
each day with the Ras, being allowed free in the sounds which occasionally burst on the In our former notice of Abyssinia we have access to his presence, through a private door ear. At one moment were heard the ravings given some rapid sketches of the scenery-its communicating between the gardens of our of delirium, or the wail of woe, from the in- mountains and plains, its rivers, its cultivated respective habitations: on these occasions I fected dwelling; at another, the merry song, fields, its deserts and forests; we propose now generally found him engaged in the adminisor the loud and careless laugh, issuing from to present a few trails of its different inhabi- tration of justice, or in receiving chieftains,
the wassailers at the tavern, or the inmates of tants, and, in a succeeding number, to detail and ladies of consequence, who came from the brothel. Men became so familiarized with some particulars of the Christianity of the distant parts of the country, to pay their duty; the form, that they steeled their feelings country.
and, when otherwise unemployed, invariably against the terrors, of death. They waited each It was not possible in the distractedl state of occupied in playing at chess, a game to which for his turn with the resignation of the Chris- the empire, owing to the civil dissensions which he appeared greatly devoted.” tian, or the indifference of the stoic. Some had reigned there for some years, for Mr. Salt The Ras's wife, Özoro Mantwab, was sister devoted themselves to exercises of piety; others to reach the city of Gondar; he contented of the emperor ; her person was what might sought relief in the riot of dissipation, and the himself, therefore, with depositing, into the in any country have been esteemed handsome; recklessness of despair.
hands of the Ras Welled Selassé, ihe presents her förm, though small, was very elegant; her September came; the heat of the atmo- intended for the reigning sovereigu, and, after features were regular; her teeth were fine; sphere began to abate ; but, contrary to ex- reaching Antalo, to return again to the coast, and her hair was raven black. Such is á pectation, the mortality increased. Formerly, a with a view of departing from the country. description of the Irighest personages of the hope of recovery might be indulged; now, in- Welled Selassé, who held the high posts of court of Ethiopia. Such the last faint traces fection was the certain harbinger of death, Ras, and Betwudet of the empire--the last of that celebrated queen of Sheba who trawhich followed, generally, in the course of office somewhat analogous to that which Pha- velled Jerusalem “ to prove Solomon with three days, often within the space of twenty- ranh conferred on Joseph, wheu he set him as hard questions.” Such the shadow of the four hours. The privy council ordered an * Lord over his house"-was a person of sin- mysterious Prester John, the monarch of all the experiment to be tried, which was grounded gular energy of character. In the time of wonderful tales of the middle age, and the on the practice of former times. To dissipate Mr. Bruce (1770) he was a young man of some object of doubt and curiosity to all its wonderthe pestilential miasm, fires of sea-coal, in the consequence about the court; but the situa- loving travellers. The Abyssinians, however, proportion of one fire to every twelve houses, tion which led to his greatness, as, virtually, retain with much pride the traditions of their were kindled in erery street, court, and alley of the governing prince of Abyssinia, was that of carly relation with the chosen city of God," London and Westminster. They were kept | Balgudda, or protector of the salt caravans, its temple, and its adoration,--from the time burning three days and nights, and were at which come up from the plains of Assa Durwa, of Solvinon to the period of the ministry of last extinguished by a heavy and continuous --- an office conferring considerable consequence the apostles, when the “ Eunuch of great aufall of rain. The next bill exhibited a consi- on the possessor, from the assessment of duties, thority under Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, derable reduction in the amount of deaths; and the power he possesses of withholding who had the charge of all her treasure, came and the survivors congratulated each other on this article of consumption, as well as barter, to Jerusalem to worship.” Though they call the cheering prospect. But the cup was soon from the interior provinces. After a series of themselves Itiopiawan, and their country dashed from their lips; and in the following ricissitudes, and a life of predatory warfare, Itiopia, they prefer the names of Agazian for week more than ten thousand victims, a num- in the fastnesses of those plains, maintained the people, and Agzi for the kingdom, from ber hitherto unknown, sunk under the aug- with Ras Michael, “the old Lion,” as he the term Axgagee, said by the early writers to mented violence of the disease. Yet even now, was cmphatically called in the country, signify “the Lord of Riches.” Even to the time when hope had yielded to despair
, their deli- he raised himself to the brigh situation of of the Portuguese travellers the stories told by verance was at hand. The high winds which governor of all the provinces eastward of the them of the immense wealth of the Abyssinian usually accompany the autumnal equinox, Tacassé. Here he espoused the cause of monarch's tributary kings far surpass belief. cooled and purified the air; the fever, though Ayto Solomon, and of Tecla Georgis, his Down to a recent period, a body of Jews called equally contagious, assumed a less malignant brother, who successively filled the throne of Falasjas (or the exiled), remained for ages in form, and its ravages were necessarily more Gondar, by both which emperors he was no- the province of Samee, supposed by some to confined, from the diminution of the population minated Ras, and Betwudet of Abyssinia. have been a portion of the lost ten tribes of on which it had hitherto fed. The weekly The duties of the Ras's situation, who may Israel. Their kings always bore the name of burials successively decreased from thousands be regarded as an independçut ruler, are ex- Gideon, and their queens that of Judith. Their to hundreds; and, in the beginning of Decem- tremely arduous. Throughout the extensive dynasty becoming extinct, they are now scatber, seventy-three parishes were pronounced district under “his personal jurisdiction," all tered through the Abyssinian dominions. They clear of the disease. The intelligence was crimes, differences, and disputes, of however speak Hebrew, or, at the least, Gheez, a dialect hailed with joy by the emigrants, who returned important or trifling a nature, are ultimately of the Arabian language, and are the mein crowds to take possession of their homes, referred to his determination; all rights of chanics of the towns. and resume their usnal occupations : in Febru- inheritage are decided according to his will ; The journey which we gave in a preceding ary, the court was once more fixed at White- and most wars are carried on by himself in number, relaied to Mr. Salt's progress through hall, and the nobility and gentry followed the person. To rule a savage people, of so many the interior, in the month of March. In the footsteps of the sovereign. Though more than different dispositions, manners, and usages, as month of April he pursued his travels through one hundred thousand individuals are said to the Abyssinians, requires a firmness of mind the vale of Chelicut, traversing, at Cali, an have perished, yet, in a short time, the chasm and a vigour of constitution rarely united in uncultivated country, abounding in wild aniin the population was no longer discernible. the same individual, at his advanced age ; mals. The scenery was similar to that so The plague continued indeed to linger in par- yet, whenever,” says Mr. Salt, “ I have seen frequently described about the Cape of Good ticular spots, but its terrors were forgotten or him in the exercise of his power, he has shown | Hope ---broad expanses of brushwood, beyond despised; and the streets, so recen ban- | a vivacity of expression, a quickness of com- which the tops of distant mountains rose, the doned by the inhabitants, were again thronged prehension, and a sort of commanding energy, space between them being like immeasurable with multitudes in the cager pursuit of profit, that overawed all who approached him. chasms. At Werketavé he came among the or pleasure, or crime.- Lingard's History of During his continuance in power he has made Agows, one of the many subdivisions of peoEngland.
it his uniform practice to treat the different ple speaking a distinct language, so peculiar attempts at rebellion with perfect indifference, to Ethiopia that from thence the Arabs were -after a second attempt against his life, by the led to call the country Abeshin, which signifies same persons, he has been known to pardon,“ a mixed people,” the source of the geogra
and even to permit the parties convicted to phical term of Abyssinia, -a name not at all THE IDOL,
attend about his court, priding himself parti- admitted by the natives.
cularly on having never been guilty of the WHATEVER passes as a cloud between The mental eye of faith, and things unseen, cruelties of Ras Michael,-no provocation in
(To be continued.) Causing that brighter world to disappear,
ducing him to cut off a limb, put out an eye,' Or seem less lovely, and its hopes less dear, or commit any other of the atrocious acts This is our world, our idol, though it bear which stained the character of that extraorAffection's impress, or devotion's air.
was taken with the cramp all over, and violent pain, and
WILLIAM MAYES, Basket-maker.
Cure of Dropsy.
violent pains in my stomach and right side for the last THE GENET.
twelve months, I had been under three different doctors during six of these months-was treated for a livet aitretion--took a great quantity of their medicine, to no carthly
purpose of good, but, on the contrary, getting daily worse Tue genet is one of the most beautiful sides of the neck, and the limbs, are and worse, until a fresh attack took place of a Dropsy in
the lower limbs, and my legs and feet were swollea te az animals of the genus to which it belongs. spotted in a proportionably smaller pat
enormons size, It is about the size of a small cat, but is tern than the body, and the tail is annu
Fortunately, in June last, I went to a shoernaker, is
Ann-street, to get something large made for my feet; of a longer form, with short legs, a sharp-lated with black. The genet is an animal
when he told me to apply to yon immediately for some of
the “Universal Medieines," knowing they would come pointed snout, upright ears, slightly point of a mild disposition, and easily tamed.
me, which I did, and am grateful in stating that, by pered, and a very long tail. The colour of It is a native of the western parts of gevering daily according to your instructions for love
months, I am perfectly cured of my dropsical, liver, sed the genet is commonly a pale, reddish Asia, but is also said to be found in
I am, Sir, most respectfnlls yours, &c., grey, with a black or dusky line running Spain. A warm climate, however, seems
ELLEN STEWAKE. along the back, where the hair is rather necessary to its health. In Constanti- No. 79, North Queen Street, Belfast.
October 22, 1832. longer than on the other parts, and forms nople these animals are domesticated the
CAUTION TO THE PUBLIC. appearance of a very slight mane. like the cat, and are said to be more
MORISON'S UNIVERSAL MEDICINES Along the sides of the body run several effectual in clearing houses of rats and
having superseded the use of almost all the Patent les rows of roundish black spots; the cheeks, | mice.
dicines which the wholesale vendlers have foisted apos the credulity of the searchers after health, for so many years, the town drnggists and chemists, not able to estable a fair fame on the invention of any plausible means of
competition, have plunged into the mean expedient of pois ANECDOTE OF MERCIER ST. LEGER. I the number of devoted victims! That sight tonble ), being who never existed, as prescribing a Tur. Abbé Mercier St. Leger was the head by alternate shiverings and flushings of heat, purpose
, (by means of this forgeil imposition upon the pat librarian and great living orament of the immediately seized him. A cold perspiration MEDICINES" of the BRITISH COLLEGE OF Library of St. Genevieve, Paris, some fifty years hung upon his brow. He was carried into the HEALTH.” ago ; He was one of the most learned biblio- house of a stranger. His utterance became KNOW ALL Men, then, that this attempted delowa graphers of France, and as meek and amiable feeble and indistinct, and it seemed as if the
must fall under the fact, that (however specious the per as he was learned. His heart was yet more hand of death were already upon him.
tence), none can be held genuine by the College but these
which have “Morison's Universal Medicines” impressed admirable than his head.
Yet he rallied awhile; his friends came to upon the Governinent Stamp attached to each box ans ing, and the meek spirit of Mercier could ill and perfect recovery; But his fine full figure But the Revolution was now fast approach: soothe him ; hopes were entertained of a rapid parket
, to counterfeit which is felony by the laws of the
The “Vegetable Universal Medicines" are to be kant * sustain the shock of such a frightful calamity. gradually shrunk ; the colour as gradually de- the College, New Road, King's Cross, London: at the Besides, he loved his country yet dearer than serted his cheek ; and his eye sensibly lackerl Surrey Branch, 96, Great Surrey street; Mr. Field's, 16, Arhis books. His property became involved, his that lustre which it used to shed upon all Walker's, Lamb's-conduit-passage, Red-lion-square; income regularly diminished, and even his
around. His limbs became feeble, and his J. Loft's, Mile-end-road; Mr. Bennett's, Covent-gamiezprivacy was invaded. In 1792, a decree passed step was both tremulous and slow. He lin
market; Mr. Haydon's, Fleur-de-lis-court, Norton-falgate; the convention for issuing a commission for the gered five years, and died at ten at night on
Mr. Haslet's, 147, Ratcliffe-lighway; Messrs. Norbury's
Brentford ; Mrs. Stepping, Clare-market; Messrs. Salines, examination of monuments. Mercier was ap- the 13th of May, 1799. What he left behind
Little Bell-alley ; Aliss Varai's, 24, I wcas-street, Commepointed one of the thirty-three members of
cial-road; Mrs. Beech's, 7, Sloane-squarr, Chelsez; Bs. as annotations, both in separate papers and Chapples, Royal Library, Pali-nall; Mrs. Pippen's, is. which the commission was composed, and the famous Barrère was also of the number. Bar, Dibdin's Tour in France and Germany. on the margins of books, is prodigious.—Dr. Wingrove-place, Clerkenwell; Miss C. Itkinson, 19, Nr
Trinity-grounds, Deptford; Mr. Taylor, Hanwell; Ms.
Kirtlam, 4, Bolingbroke-row, Walworth; Mr. Payne, 64, rère, fertile in projects, however visionary and
Jermyn-street; Mr. Howard, at Mr. Wood's, hairdresser, destructive, proposed to Mercier, as a bright BRITISH COLLEGE OF HEALTH, KING'S
Richmond; Mr. Mesar, 3, May's-buildings. Blackseath; thought, “ to make a short extract from every
Mr. Grifiths, Wooci.whart, Greenwich ; Mr. Piti, 1, Ces CROSS, NEW ROAD, LONDON.
wall-road, Lanbeth; Mr. J. Dobson, 35, Craven-sireet book in the National Library; to have these
Strand; Mr. Oliver, Bridye-street, Vauxhall; Mr. 3. extracts superbly printed by Didot; and to
Monck, Bexley Heath ; Mr. T. Stokes, 12, St. Roman', MORISON'S UNIVERSAL VEGETABLE Deptford; Mr. Cowell, 22, Terrace, Pimlico; Ms. Pastats, burn all the books from which they were taken."
96, Edgware-road; Mr. Hart, Portsinonth-place, Kendios It never occurred to this revolutionising idiot
ton-lane ; Mr. Charlesworth, grocer, 124, Sborelict; NYT. that there might be a thousand copies of the
Inveterate Constipation Overcome.
R. G. Bower, grocer, 22, Brick-lane, St. Luke's; Me. S.
J. Avila, pawnbroker, opposite the churclı, Hackney; M. same work, and that some hundreds of these To Mr. Earl,
J. S. Briggs, 1, Brunswick-place, Stoke Newington; W. copies might be out of the national library Angust, we went to see our daughter at Huntington, not faigate: Mr. J. Williamson, 15, Seabriel-place, Hacing
Sir,--About the latter end of July, or beginning of
T. Gardner, 95, Woodl-streei, Cheapside, and 9, Mostes of course Mercier laughed at the project, and knowing she was ill; but when we arrived we found her road; Mr. J. Osborn, Wells-street, Hackney road, sad made the projector ashamed of it. Robes- very ill, and her life was despaired of; she had been ill Homerton; Mr. H. Cox, grocer, 16, l'nion-street, Biskops
three weeks, and could get nothing through her, though all gate-street: Mr. T. Walter, cheesemonger, 67, Houlos OM pierre, rather fiend than man, now ruled the
inedical assistance had been trieri. She had taken great Town; and at one agent's in every principal town in Greas destinies of France. On the 7th of July, 1794, quantities of castor oil and other medicine they thought fit Britain, the Islands of Guernsey and Malta; and through Mercier happened to be passing along the efficacy of Morison's pilis, 1 persuaded her to take them,
out the whole of the United States of America.
N. B. The College will not be answerable for the casestreets, when he saw sixty-seren human beings telling her the effect they had had on her sister ; she con
sequences of any medicines sold by any chymist or dragint. about to undergo the butchery of the guillo- sented, and got a box of No. 2, and took six ; and in abont
as none such are allowed to sell the “Universal Notine. Every avenue was crowded by specta- abated. Next morning she took ten, aud they had the tors, who were hurrying towards the horrid desired effect, by thoroughly cleansing her, thai she went spectacle. Mercier was carried along by the
to sleep for soine tinc. The neighbours and her husband
said her father liad persuaded her to take Morison's Pills, Printed by J. Havdon and Co.; and Publisbed torrent; but, having just strength enough to and she was dying, for they had killed her; but, blessed
by J. CRISP, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternosies raise his head, he looked up, and beheld his be God! she awoke, and had lost all pain, and asked for
Row, where all Advertisuments and Compu. old and intimate friend the ex-abbé Roger in taking a few boxes of the pills is perfectly well. My wife cations for the Editor are to be addressed
Archis on arches! as it were that Rome, Such is the last and noblest monument | even for a Roman emperor. The Co-
of Roman grandeur and of Roman erime; liseum, owing to the solidity of its mateHer Coliseum stands; the moonbeams shine
the scene of the greatest magnificence rials, survived the era of bárbarism, and As 'twere its natural torches, for divine and of the greatest barbarity which the was so perfect in the thirteenth century Should be the light which streams here, to world ever witnessed; the stupendous that games were exhibited in it, not for fabric
the amusement of the Romans only, but of This long explored but still exhaustless mine Of contemplation; and the azure gloom “Which on its public shows unpeopled Rome,
all the nobility of Italy. The destruction Of an Italian night, where the deep skies assume
And held uncrowded nations in its womb ;"- of this wonderful edifice is to be ascribed Hues which have words, and speak to ye of the rendezvous where eighty-seven thou- to causes more active, in general, in the heaven,
sand Romans met together to give the erection than in the demolition of magniFloats o'er this vast and wondrous monument, last touch of degradation to their national ficent buildings — to taste and vanity. And shadows forth its glory. There is given Unto the things of earth, which time has bent,
character, and replace their falling spirit When Rome began to revive, and archiA spirit's feeling, and where he hath lent with a brutal ferocity. It was an amphi- tecture arose from its ruins, every rich His hand, but broke his scythe, there is a power theatre erected by Titus and Vespasian, and powerful citizen wished to have, not And magic in the ruined battlement, out of part only of the materials and on
a commodious dwelling merely, but a For which the palace of the present hour Alust yield its pomp, and wait till ages are its
a portion of the site of Nero's golden palace. The Coliseum was an immense dower.
house, which had been demolished by quarry at hand ; the common people BYRON. order of Vespasian, as too sumptuous stole, the grandees obtained permission to
carry off, its materials, till the interior | bition of public spectacles, generally the “ The cafila consisted of sever: ! Blist", il
i lui was dismantled, and the exterior half combats of gladiators or of wild beasts, mules and asses, with their loads,
1. stripped of its ornaments. It is difficult or of both. " The first day's games,'
been escorted from Assa Durw: . to say when this system of depredation, says the historian, “given in this sump- this time the important office of .
Hannes, a nephew of the Ras, wiru so sacrilegious in the opinion of the an- tuous butchery, cost the nation eleven and had gone down for the purpo” tiquary, would have stopped, had not millions of gold. The blood of five thou- about 200 of his followers. As thr: Benedict XIV., a pontiff of great judg- sand animals bathed its arena. Man and ed into the valley, the inhabitants o. ment, erected a cross in the centre of the his natural enemy the beast of the desert, went out to receive them, and gret!!!! arena (which will be seen in the engraving the conqueror and the conquered, writhed with the same joyful acclamations at the head of this article), and declared in agony together on its ensanguined from battle. The service of escor tipos the place sacred out of respect to the floor, and eighty-seven thousand spec- cafilas may be considered as extremely large blood of the many martyrs who were tators raised their horrid plaudits.” ous; the whole neighbourhood of the plain butchered there during the persecutions. It was the contemplation of this spot, froin which the salt is procured being infested This declaration, if issued two or three and the recollections of this kind with by a cruel race of Galla, who make it a praccenturies earlier, would have preserved which it stands associated, that suggested tice to lie in wait for the individuals engaged the Coliseum entire ; it can now only to Lord Byron the very spirited sketcl of in cutting it. These poor fellows, who are protect its remains and transmit them in the death of a gladiator which he intro- generally of the lowest order of natives, are their present state to posterity.
said, in the absence of the Palgudda and his duces into his Childe Harold, and with parties, to be compelled to lie down flat on the “ Never,” says an eloquent observer, which we will close this article.
surface, when working, that they may escape “ did human art present to the eye a
“ I see before me the gladiator lie :
the observation of their barbarous enemies, fabric so well calculated, from its size
He leans upon his hand-his manly brow
and, on the approach of a stranger, they are and its form, to surprise and delight. Consents to death, but conquers agony,
described as running away, with great alarm, Let the spectator first place himself to And his drooped head sinks gradually low
to the mountains. Even when the Balgudda the north, and contemplate that side
And through his side the last drops, ebbing slow and his soldiers are present, frequent skirmishes
From the red gash, fall heavy, one by one, which depredation, barbarism, and ages,
take place between them and the savage bor.
Like the first of a thunder-shower; and now derers, in which the Galia, however, are genehave spared; he will behold with adini- The arena swims around him-he is gone, rally the sufferers. On the present expedition ration its wonderful extent, well-propor- Ere ceased the inhuman shout which hailed the six only had been killed; and this number
wretch who won. tioned stories, and flying lines, that retire
was considered as unusually small: the soland vanish without break or interruption. “ Ile heard it, but he heeded not-his eyes
diers who had shown their prowess in these Next, let him turn to the south, and
Were with his heart, and that was far away;
actions wearing small pieces of red cloth on examine those stupendous arches which,
He reck'd not of the life he lost nor prize, their spears, by way of an honourable badge
of distinction. Soon after their arrival the stripped as they are of their external de
There were his youvg Barbarians all at play, Ras went up into the balcony in front of his corations, still astonish us by their solidity There was their Dacian mother-he, their sire, house to receive them, when they passed before and duration. Then let him enter, range Butchered to make a Roman holiday
him in review, dancing, shouting, and exulting, through the lofty arcades, and, ascending
All this rushed with his blood—Shall he expire as is the practice at the Mascal.” the vaulted seats, consider the vast mass
And unavenged ?-Arise, ye Goths, and glut your The chief amusement of the lower class of
ire!" of ruin that surrounds im-insulated
Antalo, during the seasons of festivity that walls, immense stones suspended in the
succeed the severe fasts of an Abyssinian Lent, air, arches covered with weeds and shrubs,
consist in playing at a game called “ Kersa,”
SCENERY, &c., IN ABYSSINIA. which is precisely similar to the common vaults opening upon other ruins; in short,
English game of “Bandy.” Large parties
No. II. above, below, and around, one vast col
meet for this purpose, the inhabitants of lection of magnificence and devastation,
( Continued from page 287.)
whole villages frequently challenging each of grandeur and decay."
other to the contest; on these occasions, as After these notices of the stateliness only a slight difference between this people puted ; and, when the combatants are pretty
“There appears” says Mr. Salt, “ to exist might be expected, the game is violently diswhich still characterises these ruins, need and the Abyssinians, except that the Agows equally matched, it sometimes takes up the we wonder at the superstitious enthusiasm are, perhaps, on the whole, a stouter race of greater part of the day to decide. The victors apparent in the old Roman prophecy ?- men; their language is, nevertheless, perfectly afterwards return shouting and dancing to • Quamdiu stabit Colyseus,
stabit et distinct. They are distinguished by the name their homes, amidst the loud acclamations of Roma; quando cadet Colyseus, cadet of the Tchertz, or Tacazze Agows, and the their female friends. Roma; quando cadet Roma, cadet et country they inhabit extends from Lasta to It seems that, in Abyssinia, applications are
According to tradition, the Agows made at the gateway of the Ras for justice. On were once worshippers of the Nile; but so late one occasion, when Mr. Salt was taking a mid
as the seventeenth century they were converted night repast with him, certain complainants " While stands the Coliseum, Rome shall stand;
to the Christian religion, and are now more When falls the Coliseum, Rome shall fall ;
came crying “ Abait, abait," master, master, particular in their attention to its duties than the mode in which suppliantsaddress their chiefs And, when Rome falls, the world.”
most of the other natives of Abyssinia. Like on these occasions. The Ras, then, attended
the people of Dixan, they are very regular in hy some of his confidential people, and a few The order and arrangement of the seats their morning devotion; for which purpose Shangalla slaves, admitted them, and, listening are still visible; and nothing can be more the inhabitants of each village assemble before to their complaint, ordered a day to hear them admirably contrived than the vomitories the door of their respective chiefs, at the in public. The Shangalla who are in attendfor facilitating the ingress and egress of earliest dawn, and recite their prayers in a ance on the Ras are negroes; this term being all classes to and from their respective kind of rude chorus together. A very high the general appellation for that race of the seats without disorder or confusion. There opinion is entertained by the Agows of their interior, as the words Taltal and Shiho are was, it is thought, an upper gallery, for they were never conquered, except by the galla, however, are mostly captives taken in
former consequence, and they declare that applied to the tribes of the coast. The Shanthe multitude, of which there are now no inhabitants of Tigré.
the lower neighbourhood of the Tacazze river, remains. It must, indeed, when filled, On the 20th of April notice was given of the or in the wild forests northward of Abyssinia ; have offered a most imposing spectacle. near approach of a cafila, which had been for in some instances they are brought by traders The very lowest computation allows that
some days expected from the salt plain, and from beyond the Nile, and even from so far a it would contain eighty thousand spec- l of this catila serves to explain some of our these latter Mr. Salt acquired the following
in the afternoon it arrived. As the narrative distance as the Bahr el Abiad. From some of tators.
previous details, relating to the rise of the Ras information respecting the countries from It is pretty well known that this vast Welled Selasse, we extract it at length ;-it which slaves are procured. The tribe of amphitheatre was designed for the exhi- lis a picture of life in Africa.
which his informant was a member was called