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the thickets about the town, and attacked the unconnected with the estate, unauthorized to make them any intentional falsehood in the evidence hatteries; but, being bravely repulsed by the enquiries of the negroes, he has no opportunity of they might give, think
that it was likely to be inabitants with considerable loss, they were gaining that knowledge--for instance, punishments of so rague and indefinite a character as to be
When a punishment is to entitled to little credit? klad to drop down the keys, profiting by the be is not a witness to.
take place, they do not lay down the man or woman experience that the courage of a brave people under his window, but take him or her to a retired given by one practically acquainted with the
I think it would, as compared with evidence compensates the inadequate defence of nature
part of the estate ; and, as in the case of a lady system. und of art.
in barracks, punishments may take place to a If a stranger were found in conversation with a great extent without her knowing anything about gang of field slaves during their work, or entering
them. An othicer's lady may have been in bar- their huts after the hours of labour, for the purpose THE TOURIST. racks for a considerable period, and yet know of ascertaining from their own lips the particulars
nothing about punishments, though they may have of their treatment, would he not expose himself
taken place every week. On the other hand, there almost to the certainty of personal insult and legal MONDAY, APRIL 1, 1833.
is no physical impossibility, for a man may run proceedings for a trespass by the attorney or overile risk of incurring the displeasure of his host by seer?
speaking to the negro's privately, and probing them; The probability is that le would he insulted, and, REPORT OF THE SLAVERY COMMIT- but I never, intimate as I was with many families if he persevered in making such inquiries, that he
in Jamaica, took that liberty; there is no physical would be prosecuted. TEE OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS.
impossibility in arriving at that knowledge; but
And again, at page 584, the witness is asked: manners in Jamaica, I do noi think it at all pro- Do
you think that military or naval men, en. WILLIAM TAYLOR, ESQ.
bable that an individual ever acquired an accurate gaged in their professional duties on the station,
knowiedge of the negro character, unless lie was could have that acquaintance with the subject, so The following evidence of Mr. Taylor, given placed in a situation which brought him into con- that their testimony in respect to the slaves' treaton oath before the Lords' Committee, will as
stant communication with the negroes and the ment or character would be of any real value ? sist our readers in estimating the value of that inspection of them. In my own case, I was there
I cannot see how naval wer can know any thing testimony which is adduced by Colonial writers several yeurs, and knew litile or nothing about them about it
, for they are at sea; when they are on shore in proof of the happy condition of the Negro until I was called upon to aılminister the system, they generally dine vi:h the principiul people in the population. The internal economy of a slave though living in the heurt of the country, and visil- neighbourhood : they are a very short time on shore. pantation being little understood in this councing in almost every parish in the island, and having A military man, from being stationed in country try, it is vaturally enough supposed that the journeyed thousands of miles in the island.
garrisons, necessarily knows more: but at the saine facility of observation exists as amongst with the details and daily labours of the field the chief body of troops is, they have very little
Being, as you are to a certain degree, familiar garrisons in the neighbourhood of Kingston, where ourselves. Every person, therefore, who has paid a visit to the colonies , and more especially slaves, do you think any person competent, from intercourse with the interior, and they cannot see
the internal working of the system ; they can see the military and naval officers, attorney-generals
, the subject
, unless he had filled a situation simi- surface; nor can any one know the internal workbishops, and governors, – -are supposed to know
lar to your own, or unless his duties as a mission- | ing unless he is emploved on the estate, and sees the tvery thing respecting slavery. How far this
ary had brought him into frequent and private whole machinery from morning to right.-And at is from being the case Mr. Taylor's evidence communication with the slaves themselves ?
page 529:will show. His long residence in the colony, Speaking of the daily labours, I do not think Do you not feel very strongly the difficulty of and his intimate acquaintance with the plan- that any person is qualified to give information any stranger's access to the interior of a plantatation system, eminently qualified bim to give upon that subject, unless he had been actively tion? an opinion on the subject.
employed, and closely and daily employed, in the Yes; I have stated that I think there is a great
management of a plantation. I believe that a difficulty in arriving at the truth. You have been some years resident in Ja missionary bas opportunities of acquiring a great Have you not on some occasions called a planmaica, have you not?-Nearly thirteen years. deal of information from the slaves which no other tation a sealed book? At what period did your residence commence, class of persons can.
I believe that a missionary I lave; not only a plantation, but I consider the and at what period did it conclude ?-I went to actively employed near estates does acquire a country a sealed counity, from the fact that you Jamaica in 1816, and remained there till 1823;
great deal of very intimate knowledge of the neyro travel through the lengih ani breadth of England, I relurned in 1824, and remained till the end of character, but of a different nature. I do not and are continually in contact with the population 1825 ; left it in 1825, returned in 1826, and finally think a missionary can speak as to the work of an of the villages on the highways, and I defy any jest it in 1831; making altogether, I think, nearly estate : a missionary's knowledge of the negro is man to keep me from a knowledge of the peathirteen years in the island.
derived from his coristant intercourse with him, santry, for it is the right of a British citizen to In what capacity or capacities did you officiate and I believe the missionary will know much enter into the house of another if he opens the while resideni in Jamaica ?— The greater part of more of the private feelings of the negro slave door ; but you may travel hund reits of miles in Jathe time I was engaged in commercial pursuits; than even a humane manager will; but at the muicu, und nerer puss through villages. The vilmore than two years I was actively occupied in same time I believe that the manager will kuow lages are separated by the width of a field from lle management of estates.
a great deal more about the labours of an estate. the road, and you dare not trespass upon that field During that time you had opportunities of ob- lihink the information to be given by a manager any more than in any men's houses. They are very serving the slave population, and the management and a missionary are of a different character for accommodating in Jainaica in allowing a man to of several estates wiih which you were connected ? the most part.
go through the fields and make by.paths; but, if Yes.
From that it is collected that, to be intimately that were done with the avowed and open intenDo you think it possible for any man to acquire acquainted with the detail and daily labour of a tion of having that intercourse with the peasantry an accurate knowledge of the system that prevails slave, a person must be in a situation similar to of Jamaica wlich any man has in this country, he in the interior of a plantation, unless he has been that occupied by you-practically concerned in would be necessarily unsuccessful, and would be tome time domiciled on an estate?-I think it nethe inanagement of an estate ?
prevented in some districts.
We never pass L'essary that he should not only be doiniciled, but
through a negro village ; we see them at the disthat he should be actively employed in some branch Supposing evidence to be given upon the sub. tance of a mile or a quarter of a mile; but on the pf the administration of the estate.
ject by persons of another description, without great roads of communication there is no populal'ou do not think it possible for any man to attributing to them any intentional falsehood, tion. I lived in a parish s me years, and was grossly acquire an accurate krowledge of the system that would it not necessarily be of so vague and inde ignorant of the condition of ile negroes at my very p:evails in the interior of the plantation unless finite a character that you would attach but little door, because I dore not enter the village. i take he is so employed ?--I should not say it was credit to it?
the Duke of Buckingliam's village, within a quarvitterly impossible ; for a man may be so consti
ter of a mile of my own house; I know nothing tuted that, though living upon an estate, and not
The witness is directed to withdrar.
about them, though there was nothing but a highartively employed in the management of it, he
The witness is again called in, and the question is way and a fence between them and me. may resolutely set himself to work to obtain that
A person travelling through the country would uformation ; but, looking at the aspect of society proposed.
have little opportunity of judging of the state and in Jamaica, I do not think any man ever has The expression I observe is “ of another des condition of the slaves ? wequired that knowledge; such a man as Mungo cription."*
He would see them in the field working under Park might acquire it, but it is not at all probable You say you think it neces
cessary that a person the driver, and he might see them cross the fields that any man would.
should be practically concerned in the manage- or the road going to their negro villages, but he is You mean that it is highly improbable?-Yes. ment of an estale, in order to enable him to form never within the precincts of a negro village. I
Will you have the goodness to state the circum- a correct judgment in the point referred to as to have visited hundieds of families in the country, stances which appear to you to make it improbable the daily labour of the slave. You are then asked but I no more thought of leaving my host and going that persons should acquire that information?-1 whether, in respect of persons of another charac. into the negro village than I would in this country think it improbable, because when an individual ter, not practically concerned in the management leave my host and go into the kitchen. goes upon an estate in Jamaica merely as a visitor I of an estate, you would, without attributing to
00000 Budhism of other eastern nations. It
recognizes beings superior to man, to
whom are ascribed dominion over the i jedan
planets, the latter being considered to exercise an influence upon the destiniès
These beings were considered as causing all the diseases which afflict mankind, in the exercise of which power these poor wretches" : oppose them with charms, songs, and incantations. The prevailing doctrines of the religion of Budha are those of the metempsychosis, and of a future state of rewards and punishments, consisting in repeated transmigrations of the soul from one body to another, until it be absorbed or annihilated. With the Budhists there is no suprenie God, but a heaven crowded with innumerable divinities of various conditions and functions, which the imagination of the priesthood has depicted in the most gorgeous colours, They believe that the world had no beginning, and will have no end—that variety of worship is agreeable to superior beings, but that their own form is the best, and they are ready to admit all mankind to a participation of its advantages.
The Budhist nations, consequently, have never persecu
ted Christianity; but its morality is too WORSHIP OF THE BUDHISTS.
severe for them, and they insist, accord
ing to a' favourite expression of their If there is an interest universally felt This system appears to have originated own, that, although it be a road to heaand acknowledged in tracing the history, in Tartary. From this country it passed ven, it is one which is too difficult for and investigating the customs, of large into Hindostan, at a period anterior to all them to follow. communities of men, the study of their historical record, and flourished together With these general remarks on the religion or mythology—the most influen- with Brahminism, or rather originally character of the religion of Budha, it tial of all the causes which determine formed a part of that singular system. may not be uninteresting to extract, for their national character and condition— This seems to be evident from the great the edification of the reader, some more cannot be without its pleasures and uses. similarity subsisting between their funda- particular statement of their mythologiTo estimate the minute proportions of mental doctrines. From many of the cal creed. We quote from Dr. Buchatruth discoverable in the most erroneous doctrines and customs of this sect we nan's selections, in the sixth volume of
“ The Asiatic Researches.”. and gross systems of religion, to trace should infer that it preceded the instituthem from the only source of truth, and tion of those castes or orders into which
The god Sekkraia resides in the great city to account for the adulterating admixture the Hindoos are divided. Among the Maha-Soudassana, which has a square form, its of error which, in false systems, renders it Budhists the priests lived a life of the gilded wall, surrounding it, being a perfect imperceptible and useless,—these are em- strictest celibacy—a practice which could square. The gates are of gold and silver,
Seven moats ployments becoming a rational and en- never have prevailed conjointly with the surround the city, and beyond the last range lightened mind. Besides, as important system of castes, as the sacred order a row of marble pillars studded with jewels; truths conveyed in negatives, as would necessarily become extinct in one beyond which are seven rows of palm-trees, we arrive at the science of life by the generation.
bearing rubies, pearls, gold, &c., lakes, odoriexamination of the dead, and learn to Hindooism, like Judaism, admits of no
ferous flowers, and fragrant trees. To the preserve as well as to appreciate health proselytes, as the bare acknowledgment north-east of the city is a very kerge hall, exby investigating disease, so we shall at of certain opinions does not constitute a ference 900, and its height 450 juzana. From once fortify our religion, and strengthen Jew or a Hindoo, genealogy being an its roof hang golden bells; and its walls, pilour attachment to it, by observing the equally important condition in both cases. lars, and stairs, shine with gold and precious intellectual and moral degradation con- Budhism, on the other hand, admits pro- stones. The pavement is of crystal, and each sequent upon its absence.
selytes, and refuses to recognize the sys- row of pillars contains a hundred columns. One of the preposterous ceremonies of tem of castes. Hence the deadly hostility The road to this hall is twenty, juzana long an absurd, but ancient and widely-spread, which prevailed among the Hindoos and and eighteen broad, bordered with trees bear
ing fruit and flowers. Whenever Sekkraia superstition, is depicted in the uncouth- Budhists, which ended in the total ex
repairs to this hall, the wind shakes off all the looking engraving at the head of this pulsion of the latter from the continent of Aowers (fresh ones instantly blooming in their article. The religious system referred to is India. The persecuted Budhists took re-stead), with which the presiding god of the denominated Budhism, and the particular fuge in the Island of Ceylon about 260 winds adorns the road in honour of his apform it here assumes is that under which years before the Christian era, and erect- proach; and the flowers are so abundant as it is found in Ceylon. It represents the ed there the altars of their religion. On to reach up to the knees. In the centre stands king and his subjects listening with pro- arriving there Budhism had to mix with the great imperial throne, surmounted by the found attention to the discourses of Sek- the demon-worship practised by the abo- gold, and pearls, and jewels. It is surrounded kraia and Matalee, two of their imaginary riginal inhabitants, from which it took a by the thirty-two shrines of the counsellors, deities.
tincture which distinguishes it from the land behind these the other Nat (i. e. the col
lective 'populace of gods), each in his proper 1 view than to evince their valour, or to riot in ORIGIN OF NEWSPAPERS. place. The four assistant gods also attend; the vengeance of victory. Ambition, as exwhile the inferior gods touch their musical hibited in Pompey and Cæsar, seems almost try is to be traced to the reign of Queen Eliza
The origin of periodicalliterature in this couninstruments and sing melodiously. The four to become a grand passion when compared to beth. England being threatened with a formiassistant deities then command their inferior the contracted and ferocious aim of Homer's dable invasion from Spain, the wise and prudent gods to go through this southern island, or the chiefs ; while this passion, even thus elevated, Burleigh projected The English Mercurie,” world, and inquire diligently into the actions serves to exalt, by comparison, the far different printed in the year 1588, with the design of of mankind, if they observe holy days and and nobler sentiments and objects of Cato and conveying correct information to the people, laws (the Budha's precepts), and exercise cla- Brutus. The contempt of death, which, in the and to relieve them from the danger of false rity. At this command, quicker than the heroes of the Iliad, oiten seems like an incawinds, the messengers pass through this world; pacity, or an oblivion of thought, is
, in Lucan's reports, during the continuance of the boasted and, having carefully noted in a golden book favourite characters, the result, or, at least, the They were all extraordinary gazettes, published
Spanish Armada in the English Channel. all the good and evil actions of men, they im- associate, of high philosophic spirit; and this from time to time, as that profound statesman mediately return to the hall, and deliver the strongly contrasts their courage with that of judged needful, and less frequently as the record to the four presiding gods, who pass it Homer's warriors, which is (according, indeed, 'danger abated. The appetite for news, thus to the lesser deities, and they onward till it to his own frequent similes) the reckless daring excited, was not suffered to rest long without a reaches Sekkraia. He, opening the book, reads of wild beasts. Lucan sublimates martial into further supply. Nathaniel Butter established aloud; and, if his voice be raised, it sounds moral grandeur. Even if you could deduct the first weckly paper in August, 1622, entitled, over the whole heaven. If the Nat hear that froin his great men all that which forms the “ 'The Certain Newes of this present Week, men practise good works, and obey the Bud- specific martial display of the hero, you would and within a few years other journals were hist laws, they exclaim, Oh, now the infernal find their greatness little diminished; they started; but they did not become numerous regions will be empty, and our abode full of would still retain their commanding and in- until the time of the civil wars. During that inhabitants!” if, on the contrary, there are teresting aspect. The better class of them, few good men, Oh, wretches ! say they, amidst war itself, hate and deplore the spirit nals, its Mercuries, and its Intelligencers,
season of contention, each party had its Diursmiling, men and fools, who, feasting for a and destructive exploits of war. They are in which arose into being as fast as the events short lite, for a body four cubits in length, and dignant at the vices of mankind for compel, which occasioned them. The great news-writer a belly not larger than a span, have heapen on ling their virtue into a career in which such of that period was Marchmont Needham, of themselves sin which will make them miser- sanguinary gl&ies can be acquired. And, whose history and writings a large account is able in futurity !" Then the god Sekkraia, while they deem it their duty to exert their given by Anthony Wood. At the Restoration, that he may induce men to live virtuously, courage in coniliet for a just cause, they re- he was discharged by the council of state from charitably, and justly, speaks thus:-“ Truly, gard camps and battles as vu things, from his post of public news-writer, Giles Dury and if men fulfilled the law (the Budha's precepts), which their thoughts often turn away into a Henry Mudcliman being appointed in his room. they would be such as I am.” After this he train of solemn and presaging reflections, in They were authorised to publish their papers will, with all his train, to the number of thirty- / which they approach sometimes the most elesix millions of Nat, return to the city with vated sublimity. You have a more absolute “The Parliamentary Intelligencer,” and “Mer
on Mondays and Thursdays, under the title of music.
impression of grandeur from a speech of Cato curius Publicus.” In August, 1663, the noted than from all the mighty exploits that epic Roger L'Estranġe obtained the appointment of poetry ever blazoned. The eloquence of sale patentee for the publication of intelligence,
Lucan's moral heroes does not consist in under the designation of “Surveyor of the MORAL AND RELIGIOUS INFLUENCE
images of triumphs and conquests, but in reOF THE CLASSICS. flections on virtue, sufferings, destiny, and Imprimery and Priuting Presses ;” and he was
at the same time constituted one of the lideath ; and the sentiments expressed in his No. IV.
censers of the press. By virtue of his newlyown name have often a melancholy tinge created office, he published two papers, entitled which renders them irresistibly interesting.
"The Intelligencer,” and “The Newes," which EPIC POETS.-LUCAN.
He might seem to have felt a presage, while appeared Mondays and Thursdays, until the In naming Lucan, I am not unaware that poet was soon to follow them. The reader beginuing of January, 1665-6, when they were an avowal of high admiration may hazard all becomes devoted both to the poet and to these superseded by “ The London Gazette," which
became the property of Thomas Newcomb. credit for correct discernment. I must, how- illustrious men; but, under the influence of
From this time to the Revolution, a variety ever, confess that, in spite of his rhetorical this attachment, he adopts all their sentiments, of newspapers made their appearance, both for ostentation, and all the offences of a too in- and exults in the sympathy, forgetting, or un
and against the court. The most ingenious of fated style, he does, in my apprehension, willing, to reflect whether tliis state of feeling its opponents was “The Weekly Packet of greatly surpass all the other ancient poets in be concordant with the religion of Christ, and Advice from Rome ; or, the Popish Courant;" direct force of the ethical spirit; and that he with the spirit of the apostles and martyrs. written by Henry Care, and continued for four would have a stronger influence to seduce my The most captivating of Lucan's sentiments, years and a half, from December, 1678, to the feelings, in respect to moral greatness, into a to a mind enanioured of pensive sublimity, are discordance from Christian principles. His those concerning death. I remember the very with much wit and humour, against Care, and
13th of July, 1683. A rival paper, written leading characters are widely different from principle which I would wish to inculcate, other Whig writers, was “ Heraclitus Ridens; those of Homer, and of an eminently superior that is, the necessity that a believer of the
or, a Discourse between Jest and Earnest; order. 'The mighty genius of Homer appeared gospel should preserve the Christian tenour of where many a true word is pleasantly spoken, and departed in a rude age of the liuman feeling predominant in his mind, and clear of in opposition to libellers against the governmind, a stranger to the intellectual enlarge- incongruous mixture, having struck me with ment." The first number appeared, February, ment which would have enabled him to com- great force amidst the enthusiasm with which 1681, and the last, August 22, 1682. Towards bine in his heroes the dignity of thought, in- I read many times over the memorable account the end of Queen Anne's reign, when churchstead of mere physical force, with the energy of Vulteius, the speech by which he inspired
men were desirous of rendering the Dissenters of passion. For want of this, they are great his gallant band with a passion for death, and ridiculous, in order to crush them, this work heroes without being great men. They appear the reflections on death with which the poet
was reprinted in two volumes, with a preface to you only as tremendous fighting and de- closes the episode. I said to myself, at the full of misrepresentation and slauder. The stroying animals-a kind of human mam- suggestion of couscience, What are these sen- work itself contains some humourous songs and moths. The prowess of personal conflict is all timents with which I am glowing ? Are these
poems adapted to the loyalty of the times. they can understand and admire, and in their the just ideas of death? Are they such as
Another contemporary paper, rendered notowarfare their minds never reach to any of the were taught by the Divine Author of our re
rious by its subserviency to the court, and the sublimer views and results even of war; their ligion? Is this the spirit with which St. Paul scurrility of its pages, was “The Observator in chief and final object seems to be the mere approached his last hour? And I felt a pain- Dialogue. By Roger L'Estrange, Esq." It savage glory of fighting, and the annihilation sul collision between this reflection and the commenced, April, 13, 1681, and was continued of their enemies. When the heroes of Lucan, passion inspired by the poet. I perceived until the 9th of March, 1687. Proper titles, both the depraved and the nobler class, are clearly that the kind of interest which I felt prefaces, and indexes were then added to the employed in war, it seems but a small part of was no less than a real adoption, for the time, work, which forms three volumes in folio. It what ihey can do, and what they intend; they of the very same sentiments with which he is a curious record of the manners and illiberal have always something further and greater in was animated
spirit of the times.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE TOURIST.
The events that followed the Revolution gave | be remarked, that De Foe was the sole writer | Unable or unwilling to bear up against unex-. a new stimulus to inquiry, and multiplied the of the nine quarto volumes that compose the pected misfortunes, they throw up the reins to productions of the press, which also increased work; a prodigious undertaking for one man, the grossest dissipation, as long as their means in value, and began to assume a more perma- especially when we consider his other nume- will allow them, until at length they are comnent form. Following the spirit of the age, rous engagements of a literary nature. pelled to solicit charity from those whites who Dunton projected “The Anthenian Gazette: A modern writer, speaking of this work, be- once befriended them, or even from the deor, Casuistical Mercury. Resolving all the stows upon it the following eulogium:-“Con- spised negroes themselves, no parish relief most nice and curious Questions proposed by temporary with Leslie's Rehearsals, came for being in store for them. They must, consethe Ingenious.” The first number was pub- ward, under a periodical dress, and of a kind quently, either resort to casual assistance, or lished, March 17, 1691, and the last the 8th of far superior to any thing which had hitherto sie by the wayside, unknown and uncared for. February, 1696, which closed the nineteenth appeared, the Review of Daniel De Foe, a man Frequently have I seen such victims of volume. Before this time, the public journals of undoubted genius, and who, deviating from slavery, bare-footed and in rags, soliciting were either restricted to temporary politics, or the accustomed route, had chalked out a new charity at the door of the overseer's houseto the angry discussion of controverted subjects path for himself. The chief topics were, as entreating, in the humblest manner, for a of an ecclesiastical nature, and of little benefit usual, news, foreign and domestic, and poli-morsel to eat from the domestic slaves. It to the reader. Dunton has the merit of first tics ; to these, however, were added the various depended greatly on the humour the lord of giving them a literary turn; but his paper ex- concerns of trade; and, to render the under the sugar-canes was in at the time whether the cluded politics, and the quaintness of the style taking more palatable and popular, he with supplication of the walking buckra would he rendered it uninviting to his readers.
much judgment, instituted what he termed, attended to or not. Sometimes he would be It was in the following reign that our peri- perhaps with no great propriety, a “Scandal sent a few scraps of meat in a plate, to eat at odical literature first acquired that polished | Club,' and whose amusement it was to agitate the foot of the steps; at other times he would style, and intellectual vigour, which had so questions in divinity, morals, war, language, be angrily ordered off from the estate, with a decided an influence in improving the taste poetry, love, marriage, &c. The introduction threat of the stocks, and something worse, if and manners of the age. Upon this account, of this club, and the subjects of its discussion, he ever presented himself there again! It not the reign of Queen Anne bas been sometimes it is obvious, approximated the Review much unusually happened that the poor outcast thus called the Augustan age; and it certainly nearer than any preceding work to our first maltreated was at once of beiter family in the abounded in men of genius and refined taste, classical model.''
mother country, and had received a better eduin every department of learning. The writings
cation, than the unfeeling overseer he was now of Swift, Steele, and Addison, who adorned
forced to fly from ; but, from having had that period, were long considered as the stand
higher feelings, better morals, and a spirit ill ards of good style; and, although not the
brooking the despotism of a sugar-estate policy, inventors of essay-writing, contributed to throw DESTITUTE WHITES IN JAMAICA. he had drawn down upon his head the hatred of a charm over it, such as it had never before
his overseer, becn disinissed from the estate, had attained. Amongst their precursors in this
his golden hopes dashed to the ground, and line, there can be no question that De Foe is
himself, ashamed and disgraced, rendered a entitled to the foremost rank; and that in the Mr. Editor, - Permit me, through the drunkard and a villain ! graces of language he as far outstripped his medium of your philanthropic journal, to Many a young man lands in Jamaica contemporaries as he was himself excelled by acquaint the British public with a feature of with the highest hopes of advancing himhis successors.
Jamaica slavery to which, in a general sense, self in a land he at first sight considers Numerous as were the periodical writers in they seem to be entire strangers; but one overflowing with gold and silver, till, on some the early part of this reign, there are three only which ought, if well weighed and considered, ill-omened' morning, he arrives too late at that challenge particular distinction : “The to have a strong claim on their sympathizing the field, receives a scowling look from the Observator," of which the first number was hearts,
overseer at the moment, and, on his retur, published April 1, 1702; “The Review,” I allude to the wretched and degraded con- finds a letter containing his discharge. Thus which commence February 19, 1704; and dition of hundreds of white persons, wander- is he branded with disgrace and infamy “ Thie Rehearsal,” which appeared the 2nd of ing about as vagrants, and uniformly treated throughout all his after life. Scouted and August in the same year. The first and last of as such, throughout the whole length and shunned by those whom he once called counthem were written by way of dialogue, and breadth of the island. These unfortunates are trymen, but who now own no such tie, he can distinguished by their personalities. Tutchin, denounced, by the West India party, as un- never again hold up his head even in Jamaica who wrote “The Observator," was the organ principled villains, destitute of all character, society, but must be content to associate with, of the Whigs, as Leslie was of the high-flyers; and a disgrace and pest to society. But to and be constrained to accept charity from, the and the writings of both are plentifully seasoned what cause is their present unpitied condition negroes, who, in most instances, are readier to with the hostile language of party. De Foe's to be attributed? Simply and undoubtedly extend to him a brother's hand than the wbites politics were those of the old Whig school, but to the continued abuse of lawless power, themselves. he never ran tlie full race of party writers. In vested in the planters, over their white de- Since such is the true state of matters, it the late reign, he was rather a Williamite than pendants, no less than their slaves; for, allow- seems a dangerous sort of policy for the planteither Whig or Tory; and, in the present, his ing that numbers of these walking buckras, as ers; as these ruined whites would not scruple, political connections were chiefly amongst the they are styled, have had their own bad con- for a morsel of food, to give the negroes every new Whigs. Soon after he started the "Re- duet to blame for their present destitution (as information they possessed regarding the view,” this party came into power, and received may in many instances hold true), still it is a working of the means for their emancipation, his zealous support so long as its leaders con- decided and undeniable truth that the far and thus increase their desire for freedom, and tinued true to the grand principles of civil and greater number have lost RESPECTABLE situa- dissatisfaction with their present undoubtedly religious liberty ; but, when they sacrificed tions, and consequently all farther chance of wretched lot. them to their ambition, he followed his own promotion, through the mere caprice or malice In your next number I will be happy that judgment in descanting upon affairs. It was of an attorney or overseer. In my opinion, you insert a paper from me, detailing “the his opinion that government should be sup- their case is truly a bitter one, and second only nature of a book-keeper's situation in Jamaica;" ported so far as is consistent with reason and to that of the slaves themselves. They are trusting that it may be the means, in the hand sound policy, but no further; and it was upon both the degraded vietims of that horrid sys- of providence, of warning and preventing a this principle that he conducted his "Review.” | tem that blasts their morals and sickens their further emigration of my young countrymen to This paper differed from its two rivals, in par- bearts.
the bloodl-stained soil of the west, until slataking more of the nature of an essay, which was Let those who have relatives in Jamaica of very, the many-headed monster, is utterly debetter adapted for discussion. That it did not whom, for years together, no tidings have stroyed. outlive its day, may be ascribed to the great been heard, and who have, therefore, been
I am, Mr. Editor, proportion of temporary matter with which it numbered with the dead - let those startle abounded. There are to be found in its pages, when I tell them that such relatives may still Your fellow-labourer in the great cause, however, many instructive pieces of a moral be alive there; but only as wanderers and outand political nature, besides others devoted to casts, without a friend to relieve or a home to
CHARLES JOHNSTONE. amusement; and also some useful historical shelter, misery and want staring them ever in documents. A complete copy of the work is the face, and their recollections embittered hy not known to be in existence. It deserves to the worst of treatment and disappointed hopes.
CURE OP RCPTURE.
astonishment even of my medical friends, it had the trap piest result in restoring any infant to perfect health. } shall be most happy to satisfy any respectable inquirer (by previous appointment) in person. I am, Sir,
Your much obliged and most obedient servant, Temple Honse, January 7, 1824.
ANTENS. These Powders are faithfully prepared and sold by blue sole Proprietors, A. ROWLAND and SON, 20, Hattos Garden. Packages at 25. Od. and 4s. 6d. per packet, er is bottles containing three 4s. 6d, at 11s. cach, and in larges bottles 22s. each, duty included.
Sold, by appointment, by Mr. Sanger, Medicine Watehouse, 150, Oxford-street: Messrs. Barclay and Sons, 25, Fleet Market ; Edwards, 66, St. Paul's Church-yard; C. Buller, 4, Cheapside ; W. Sntton and Co., Bow Church yard ; Prout, 229, Strand; Johnston, Cornhill, and Greekstreet, Soho; J. and C. Evans, Long-lane, Smittsfield; and Bolton and Tutt, Royal Exchange. BRITISH COLLEGE OF HEALTH, KING'S
CROSS, NEW ROAD, LONDON. Mekani
MORISON'S UNIVERSAL VEGETABLE THE SPOTTED HYÆNA.
CURE OP CHOLERA.
To Mr. Mason, Agent for Staffordshire. There are two species of this animal, | my quadrant, or other fumiture, and he seemed, Sir,-For the benefit of my fellow-sufferers I lay before the striped and the spotted hyæna, the by keeping the candles steadily in his month, com, and for the acceptance or Mr. Morisun and the Britisha former of which is found in various parts to wish for no other prey at that time. As his Chellese of the only a statement of my case and cure, from of Asia and Africa, and the latter princi- mouth was full
, and he had no claws to tear friend is was taken snuddenly ill, with alarming symptoms pally confined to Guinea, Ethiopia, and struck him as near the heart as I could judge which I had no hope of alleviation, so many were carried with, I was not afraid of him, but with a pike of the disease called cholera. I lay in bed five
days, in cmthe vicinity of the Cape of Good Hope. It was not till then that he showed any sign of off by the complaint all around me. Finding no relief Of these the latter has the advantage in fierceness ; but, on feeling his wound, he let
from any other quarter, I was indnced (by your agerer,
Mr. Round, of Tipton,) to try Morison's Pills, which, hy size, but their habits are exceedingly si- drop the candles, and endeavoured to run up the blessing of God, and the use of strong doses, carried milar. Hyænas generally inhabit caverns the shaft of the spear to arrive at me, so that, off the acrimonious humours, which I have now every
reason to believe is all that is required, and restored me and rocky places; they prowl about in self-defence, I was obliged to draw out a to health in cight days. Strongly recommending the gene
ral adoption of this sure remedy, chiefly by night, and feed on the re- pistol from my girdle and shoot him, and
I am, Sir, most respectfully yours, mains of dead animals, as well as on nearly at the same time my servant cleft his
SIMEON ONIONS. skull with a battle-axe. In a word, the hyæna Canal Side, Tipton Green, Sept. 12, 1822. living prey. They are even said to de
was the plague of our lives, the terror of our vour the dead bodies which they find in night-walks, and the destruction of our mules Sir,--Having received great benefit from the use of MT. cemeteries; but Bruce, who had great and asses, which, above all others, are his Morison's Pills, I here withi send you the particulars of ing
case ; you may give it what publicity you think proper, opportunities of observing them, declares favourite food. There is another passion for thit others labouring under the same malady may reap that he never had reason to believe this which he is still more remarkable, which is the like benefit. I had been for a long time africted wit statement. They attack cattle, and fre- his liking for dogs' flesh, or, as it is commonly unplore, which I believe was occasioned by lifting a sarka quently commit great devastation among fierce, will touch him in the field. "My grey- Paper in September last; of mail extraordinari te upes
called, his aversion to dogs. No dog, however but without effect, until reading in the East Anglian news the flocks. Though not gregarious from hounds, accustomed to fasten on the wild boar, whom I kriew, by Morison's Medicines ouly, I us as inany social principle, they sometimes as- would not venti! to engage with him. On anced to try if the said pills would do ine any service. I, semble in troops, and follow, with dread the contrary, there was not a journey I made therefore, applied to yon for tuo .1314. boxes on the oth of ful assiduity, the movements of an army, that he did not kill several of iny greyhounds, two large boxes, which I have taken according to iustracin the hope of feasting on the slaughtered and once or twice robbed me of my whole tiens given. I am happy to say my rupture has not tronbodies. The following are some of the stock. This animosity between him and dogs,
I remain, with gratitude, your very obliged humble ser
C, DYE. notices of this animal, given us by Bruce, though it has escaped modern naturalists, ap- rant, as he observed it in Abyssinia :-pears to have been known to the ancients in No.9, Chapel-street, Brock's-place, St. Stepheu's, Norwich,
August 28th, 1832. the east. In Ecclesiasticus (chapter xiii., verse
The “Vegetable Universal Medicines” are to be had at I do not think there is any one that hath 18), it is said, “What agreement is there be- tlie College, New Roarl, King's Cross, London; at the written of this animal who has seen the tween the hyæna and the dog ?” a sufficient Surrey Branch,06, Great Surrey-street; Mr. Piehl's, 18, Air
street, Quadrant; Mr. Chappull's, Royal Exchange; Xr, thousandth part of them that I have. They proof that the antipathy was so well known as Walker's, Lamb's-couc!uit-passage, Red-lion-square; Nr. were a plague in Abyssinia in every situation, to be proverbial.
J. Loft's, Mile-end-road ;' Mr. Bennett's, Covent-garden
market; Mr. Haydon's, Fleur-de-lis-court, Norton-falgale; in the city and in the field, and, I think,
Mr. Haslet's, 141, Ratclife-highway; Messrs. Norbury's,
Brentford ; Mrs. Stepping, Clare-market; Messrs. Salmon, of them from the time it turned dark till the TVERIN ELU.ecture, delivered at the Monthly
: cian-rode MisBeech 7, Sloante-squareChelsea in interesa dawn of day, seeking the different pieces of ing of Congregational Ministers and Churches, in the Chapple's, Royal Library, Pall-mall; Mrs. Pippeo's, 18, slaughtered carcasses which this cruel and Meeting house of Dr. Pye Smith, Hackney, on February Wingrove-place, Clerkenwell; Miss C. Atkinson, 19, NEW
Trinity-grounds, Deptford; Mr. Taylor, Hanwe!: Mr. unclean people expose in the streets without London: Hamilton, Adams, and Co., Paternoster Row. Kirtlam, 4, Bolingbroke-row, Walworth; Mr. Payne, 61, burial. Many a time in the night, when the
Jermyn-street; Mr. Howard, at Mr. Wood's, hairdresser, king had kept me late in the palace, and it
For Convulsion Fits, Epileptic Fits. Richmond ; Mr. Mey ar, 3, May's-buildings, Blackheath; was not my duty to lie there, in going across ᎠᎡ.
R. HADLEY'S POWDERS, a safe and Mr. Griffiths, Wool-wharf, Greenwich ; Mr. Pitt, 1, Cort certain Cure for Inward Weakness, Convulsion Fits, Strand; Mr. Oliver, Bridge-street,' Vauxhall; Mr. !.
wall-road, Lambeth; Mr. J. Dobson, 35, Craven-streeing the square from the king's house, not many Epileptic Fits, Hysterics, and Nervous Complaints. hundred yards distant, I have been apprehen- These Powders possess extraordinary properties, and, by
Monck, Bexley Heath; Mr. T. Stokes, 12, St. Ronao's,
Deptford; Mr. Cowell, 22, Terrace, Pimlico; Mr. Parsise, sive they would bite me in the leg; They ceriain care in all cases of Relaxation, Debility, and dne perseverance in their application, effect a safe and
96, Edgware-road; Mr. Hart, Portsmonth-place, Kenninggrunted in great numbers about me, though I Weakness in Children and Adnlts ; give immediate relief
ton-lanc; Mr. Charlesworth, grocer, 124, Shoreditch; Mr. was surrounded with several armed men, who to the enfering Intant, or Grown Persons amicted with J. Avila, pawnbroker, opposite the chorclı, Hackney; M:
R. G. Bower, grocer, 22, Brick-lane, St. Luke's; Nr. S. Convulsion Fits; also in cases of Epilepsy, or Falling Fits. seldom passed a night without wounding or In Lassitude and Nervons Debility, Hysterics, and Spas: 1. Gardner,'95, Wood-street, Cheapside, and $, Norton
J. S. Briggs, 1, Brunswick-place, Stoke Newington; Mr. slaughtering some of them.
modic Complaints, these Powders present a grand restoOne night in Martsha, being very intent on rative; also extirpate Fits which Females are snbject to
falgate ; Mr.J. Williamson, 15, Seabright-place, Hackney during Pregnancy. They strengthen the stomach, increase road; Mr. J. Osborn, Wells-street, Hackney road, and observation, I heard something pass behind the appetite, promote digestion, and, finally, invigorate the
Homerton; Mr. H. Cox, grocer, 16, Union-street, Bishops me towards the bed, but upon looking round whole frame, without confinement, change of diet, or
gate-street; Mr. T. Walter, cheesemonger, 67, Hustru Old
Town; and at one agent's in every principal town in Great could perceive nothing. Having finished what
From Lord Viscount Amiens.
Britain, the Islands of Guernsey and Malta; and througlo
out the whole of the United States of America. I was then about, I went out of my tent, re- To Mr. Rowland.
N. B. The College will not be answerable for the con solving directly to return, which I immediately
Sir,-I feel I shoull be doing yon the greatest injustice, sequences of any medicines sold by any chymist or drugs ist,
aud also to the public generally, were I to withhold from did, when I perceived large blue eyes glaring you my testimony in favour or your inestimable medicine, cines.”
as none such are allowed to sell the “Universal Meetion me in the dark. I called upon my servant Dr. Hadley's Powders, which, under Providence, has with a light, and there was the hyæna stand-been the neans of restoring, my infant child under cir: ing near the head of my bed, with two or three advice, and no more effect than morientary relief. The camstances the most nnparalleled, having the first medical Printed by J. HADDon and Co.; and Published
by J. Crisp, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster large bunches of candles in his mouth. To infant daily declining, insomuch that the bones were nearly
Row, where all Advertisements and Communi have fired at him. I was in danger of breaking daily your powders, and no other inediciue ; anıl, to the
cations for the Editor are to be addressed.
hindrance of business.