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and, remaining in a loose state, form what is sand, coral, and shells formerly thrown up, in against the king, he took up arms in the usually called a key, upon the top of the reef. a more or less perfect state of cohesion. Small

same cause, and was one of the first who The new bank is not long in being visited by pieces of wood, pumice stone, and other ex- opened the war, by an action at a place sen-birds; salt-plants take root upon it, and traneous bodies which chance had mixed with called Brill, about five miles from Oxford. a soil begins to be formed ; a cocoa-nut, or the the calcareous substances when the cohesion He took the command of a regiment of drape of a pandanus, is thrown on shore ; land began, were inclosed in the rock, and in some birds visit it, and deposit the seeds of shrubs cases were still separable from it without much foot, under the Earl of ssex, and disand trees; every high tide, and still more force. The upper part of the island is a mix- covered a degree of skill and courage every gale, adds something to the bank; the ture of the same substances in a loose state, worthy of his character and his cause. form of an island is gradually assumed ; and, with a little vegetable soil, and is covered with But he was very early cut off by a wound last of all, comes man to take possession. the casuarina and a variety of other trees and which he received in a skirmish with RuHalf-way

Island is well advanced in the shrubs, which give food to parroquets, pigeons, above progressive state ; having been many and some other birds ; to whose ancestors, it pert, at Chalgrove field. He was struck years, probably some ages, above the reach of is probable, the island was originally indebted in the shoulder with two carabine balls, ihe highest spring tides, or the wash of the for this vegetation.”Professor Jameson's Illus- which, breaking the bone, entered his surf in the heaviest gales. I distinguished, tration to Cuvier's Essay on the Theory of the body, and his arm hung powerless and however, on the rock which forms its basis, the Earth.

shattered by his side. He rode off the field alone, and, with great pain and difficulty, reached Thame, where he lingered six days, and expired in the midst of earnest prayers for his country and himself.”

“ It was thus," says Lord Nugent, “that Hampden died, justifying, by the courage, patience, piety, and strong love of country, which marked the closing moments of his life, the reputation for all those qualities which had, even more than his great abilities, drawn to him the confidence and affections of his own party, and the respect of all. Never, in the memory of those times, had there been so general a consternation and sorrow, at any one man's death, as that with which the tidings were received in London, and by the friends of the Parliament all over the land. Well was it said in the Weekly Intelligencer of the next week, “The loss of Colonel Hampden goeth near the heart of every one that loves the good of his king and country, and makes some conceive little content to be at the army now that he is gone. The memory of this deceased colonel is such that in no age to come but it will more and more he had in honour and esteem ; a man so religious, and of that prudence, judgment,

temper, valour, and integrity, that he JOHN HAMPDEN.

hath left few his like behind him.' Of

Hampden's character," continues the noJouy HAMPDEN, of Hamden, in most jealous enemies, Lord Clarendon, ble author, “it would be presumptuous to Bucks., was born at London, in 1594, declares, he carried himself through the say more than what his acts tell

. The and was distantly related to Oliver Crom- whole suit with such singular temper and words are good in which it is shortly comwell, his father having married the Pro- modesty that he obtained more credit prised in an inscription remembered by tector's aunt.

with In 1609 he was sent to and advantage by losing it than the me, on many accounts, many feelings Magdalen College, Oxford ; whence, king did service by gaining it. Indeed, no

of affection. · With great courage and without taking any degree, he removed thing more is necessary, in order to convince consummate abilities, he began a noble to the Inns of Court, and made a consi- posterity that Hampden was at once one opposition to an arbitrary court in dederable progress in the study of the law. of the most extraordinary and one of the fence of the liberties of his country; supIn the second parliament of King Charles, best of men, than to notice the confes- ported them in Parliament, and died for which met at Westminster, in February, sions and accidental implications of his them in the field. "* 1625-6, he was elected a member of the opponents.

His body has been exhumated within House of Commons, and continued to sit From the time of this trial he became these few years, and, notwithstanding the through the two next parliaments; but one of the most popular men in the na-length of time during which it had been became most notorious in 1636, when he tion, and a leading member in the Long under ground, the face was quite perfect; nobly resisted the unjust demand of ship- Parliament. “The eyes of all men,

and, what was still more remarkable, it money. In consequence of this resist- says Clarendon, “ were fixed upon him

was stated, in the daily prints of the ance the fury of the government was as their pater patriæ, and the pilot that time, that living animals were found in levelled against him, and he was accord- must steer the vessel through the tem- the brain. ingly brought to trial at the King's pests and rocks which threatened it.” Bench; and, though the decision of that After he had held the chief direction of

Inscription over the bust of Hampden in the court was against him, yet, as one of his I his party in the House of Commons temple of British worthies at Stowe.


MORAL AND RELIGIOUS INFLUENCE | ims of merit and glory, as those of Homer? | tion of miseries and slaughter, would set no OF THE CLASSICS.

He would be still more confounded by the one, who had not attained the last depravation,

transition, had it been possible for him to have on fire to imitate the principal actors. It would No. II.

entirely escaped that deep depravation of feel excite in a degree the same emotion as the

ing which can think of crimes and miseries sight of a field of dead and dying men after a EPIC POETS.-- HOMER.

with little emotion, and which we have all battle is over; a sight at which the soul would

acquired from viewing the prominent portion shudder and revolt, and earnestly wish that The part of ancient literature which has of the world's history as composed of scarcely this might be the last time the sun should had incomparably the greatest influence on any thing else. He would find the mightiest behold such a spectacle: but the tendency of the character of cultivated minds, is that strain of poetry employed to represent ferocious the Hoineric poetry, and of a great part of which has turned, if I may so express it, courage as the greatest of virtues, and those epic poetry in general, is to insinuate the glory moral sentiments into real beings and interest- who do not possess it, as worthy of their fate, of repeating such a tragedy. I therefore ask ing companions, by displaying the life and to be trodden in the dust. He will be taught, again, how it would be possible for a man actions of eminent individuals. A few of the at least it will not be the fauit of the poet if he whose mind was first completely assimilated personages of fiction are also to be included. be not taught, to forgive a heroic spirit for to the spirit of Jesus Christ, to read such a The captivating spirit of Greece and Rome finding the sweetest luxury in insulting dying work without a most vivid antipathy to what dwells in the works of the biographers; in so pangs, and imagining the tears and despair of he perceived to be the moral spirit of the poet? much of the history as might properly be called distant relations. He will be incessantly called And if it were not too strange a supposition, biography, from its fixing the whole attention upon to worship revenge, the real divinity of that the most characteristic parts of the Iliad and interest on a few signal names; and in the Diad, in comparison of which the Thun- had been read in the presence and hearing of the works of the principal poets.

derer of Olympus is but a subaltern pretender our Lord, and by a person animated by a No one, I suppose, will deny, that both the

to power.

He will be taught that the most fervid sympathy with the work—do you ‘not characters and the sentiments, which are the glorious and enviable life is that, to which the instantly imagine Him expressing the most favourites of the poet and the historian, be greatest number of other lives are made a emphatical condemnation ? Would not the come the favourites also of the admiring sacrifice; and that it is noble in a hero to pre- reader have been made to know, that in the reader; for this would be a virtual denial offer even a short life attended by this felicity, spirit of that book he could never become a the excellence of the performance, in point of to a long one which should permit a longer disciple and a friend of the Messiah? But eloquence or poetic spirit

. It is the high test life also to others. The terrible Achilles, a then, if he believed this declaration, and were and proof of genius that a writer can render being whom, if he had really existed, it had serious enough to care about being the disciple his subject interesting to his readers, not merely been worth a temporary league of the tribes and friend of the Messiah, would he not have in a general way, but in the very same manner then called nations to reduce to the quietness deemed himself extremely unfortunate to have in which it interests himself. If the great of a dungeon or a tomh, is rendered interesting, been seduced, through the pleasures of taste works of antiquity had not this power, they even amidst the horrors of revenge and destruc- and imagination, into habits of feeling which would long since have ceased to charm. We tion, by the intensity of his affection for his rendered it impossible, till their predominance could not long tolerate what caused a revolting friend, by the melancholy with which he ap- should be destroyed, for him to receive the of our mcral feelings, while it was designed to pears in the funeral scene of that friend, hy only true religion, and the only Redeemer of please them. But if their characters and sen one momentary instance of compassion, and by the world? To show how impossible it would timents really do thus fascinate the heart, bow his solemn references to his own impending ve, I wish I may be pardoned for making anofar will this influenre he coincident with the and inevitable doom. A reader who has even ther strange, and, indeed, a most monstrous spirit and with the design of Christianity ? passed beyond the juvenile ardour of life, feels supposition, namely, that Achilles, Diomede,

Among the poets, I shall notice only the bimself interested, in a manner that excites at Ulysses, and Ajax had been real persons, living two or three pre-eminent ones of the epic class. intervals his own surprise, in the fate of this in the time of our Lord, and had become his Homer, you know, is the favourite of the whole fell exterminator; and he wonders, and he disciples, and yet (excepting the mere exchange civilized world; and it is many centuries since wishes to doubt, whether the moral that he is of the notions of mythology for Christian opithere needed one additional word of homage learning be, after all, exactly no other than nions), had retained entire the state of mind to the prodigious genius displayed in the Diad. that the grandest employment of a great spirit with which their poet has exhibited them. It The object of inquiry is, what kind of predis is the destruction of human creatures, so long is instantly perceived that Satan, Beelzebub, position will be formed toward Christianity in as revenge, ambition, or even caprice, may and Moloch might as consistently have been à young and animated spirit, that learns to choose to regard them under an artificial dis- retained in beaven. But here the question glow with enthusiasm at the scenes created by tinction, and call them enemies. But this is comes to a point: if these great examples of the poet, and to indulge an ardent wish, which the real and effective moral of the Diad, after glorious character pretending to coalesce with that enthusiasm will probably awaken, for the all that critics have so gravely written about the transcendant Sovereign of virtues would possibility of emulating some of the principal lessons of union, or any other subordinate have been probably the most enormous inconcharacters. Let this susceptible youth, after moral instructions, which they discover or gruity existing, or ihat ever had existed, in the having mingled and burned in imagination imagine in the work. Who but critics ever creation, whai harınony can there be between among heroes, whose valour and anger flame thought or cared about any such drowsy les- a man who has acquired a consideranle degree like Vesuvius, who wasie in blood, trample on sons? Whatever is the chief and grand im- of congeniality with the spirit of these heroes, dying foes, and burl defiance against earth and pression made by the whole work on the and that paramount Teacher and Pattern of beaven; let him be led into the company of ardent minds which are most susceptible of excellence? And who will assure me that Jesus Christ and his disciples, as displayed by the influence of poetry, that shows the real the enthusiast for heroic poetry does not acthe evangelists, with whose narrative, I will moral; and Alexander, and Charles XII. quire a degree of this congeniality? But suppose, he is but slightly acquainted before. through the medium of “Macedonia's mad- unless I can be so assured, I necessarily persist What must he, what can he, do with his feel- man,” correctly received the genuine inspira- in asserting the noxiousness of such poetry. ings in this transition ? He will find himself | tion.

Yet the work of Homer is, notwithstanding, fung as far as “ from the centre to the utmost If it be said, that such works stand on the the book which Christian poets have transpole;" and one of these two opposite exhi same ground, except as to the reality or accu- lated, which Christian divines have edited and bitions of character will inevitably excite his racy of the facts, with an eloquent history, commented on with pride, at which Christian aversion. Which of them is that likely to be, which simply exhibits the actions and charac- ladies have been delighted to see their sons if he is become thoroughly possessed with the ters, I deny the assertion. The actions and kindle into rapiure, and which forms an essenHomeric passions ?

characters are presented in a manner which tial part of the course of a liberal education, Orif, reversing the order, you will suppose prevents their just impression, and empowers over all those countries on which the gospel a person to bave first become profoundly inter ihem to make an opposite one. A transform- shines. And who can tell how much that ested by the New Testament, and to have ac ing magic of genius displays a number of passion for war which, from the universality of quired the spirit of the Saviour of the world, atrocious savages in a hideous slaughter-house its prevalence, might seem inseparable from while studying the evangelical history; with of men, as demi-gods in a temple of glory. the nature of man, may have been, in the what sentiments will he come forth from con No doubt au eloquent history might be so civilized world, reinforced by the enthusiastic versing with heavenly mildness, weeping be written as to give the same aspect to such men, admiration with which young men have read nevolence, sacred purity, and the eloquence and such operations; but that history would Homer, and similar poets, whose genius transof divine wisdom, to enter into a scene of such deserve to be committed to the flames. A forms what is, and ought always to appear, actions and characters, and to hear such max- history that should give a faithful representa- purely horrid, to an aspect of grandeur?

SLAVERY IN AMERICA. I was placed in a situation at Charleston, | feet are bound tight to a plank; that the body

which gave me too frequent opportunities to is stretched out as much as possible, and thus We have lately had occasion to notice witness the effects of slavery in its most aggra- the miserable creature receives the exact numthe proceedings of that disgraceful body vated state. Mrs. Street (the mistress of the ber of lashes as counted of." The public sale of men who are now imposing on many the most barbarous manner; and this, although occurs frequently. I was present at two sales

hotely treated all the servants in the house in of slaves in the market-place at Charleston benevolent persons in this country; we

she knew that Stewart, the hotel-keeper here, where, especially at one of them, the miserable mean the American Colonization Society. had lately nearly lost his life by maltreating creatures were in tears on account of their We will now direct the notice of our

a slave. He beat his cook, who was a stout being separated from their relations and readers to some details of the character fellow, until he could no longer support it. He friends. At one of them, å young woman of of slavery in that country. We know of rose upon his master, and in his turn gave him sixteen or seventeen was separated from her no more humiliating aspect under which such a beating that it had nearly cost him his father and mother, and all her relations, and human nature is exhibited than is offered life; the cook immediately left the house, ran every one she had formerly known. This not by this part of their national conduct, as

off, and was never afterwards heard of, -it unfrequently happens, although I was told and contrasted with their loud professions of Not a day, however, passed without my hearing relations together where it can be done.

was supposed that he had drowned himself. believe that there is a general wish to keep liberty and equality ; unless, perhaps, we of Mrs. Street whipping and ill using her un The following extract of a letter from a genrefer to the resolutions of the Colonization fortunate slaves. On one occasion, when one

tleman at Charleston, to a friend of his at New Society, and compare them with the de- of the female slaves had disobliged her, she York, published in the New York newspapers scription of an American revival. We beat her until her own strength was exhausted, while I was there, contains even a more shockgather the following statements from a and then insisted on the bar-keeper, Mr. Fer-ing account of the public sale of slaves here:

-“ Curiosity sometimes leads me to the guson (a Scotchman) proceeding to inlict the highly respectable work lately published remainder of the punishment. Mrs. Street, in auction sales of the negroes. A few days since under the title of “Three Years in North the meantime, took her place in the bar-room. I attended one which exhibited the beauties of America,” by Mr. Stuart. In speaking She instructed him to lay on the whip severely slavery in all their sickening deformity. The of the general merits of the work, the in an adjoining room. His nature was repug-, bodies of these wretched beings were placed Edinburgh Review calls it “ a book of nant to the execution of the duty which was upright on a table, their physical proportions travels, written by an honest, dispassion imposed on him. He gave a wink to the girl, examined, -their defects and beauties noted. ate, and competent observer; but one

who understood it and bellowed lustily, while A prime lot, here they go!' There saw the who, though educated and accomplished,

he made the whip crack on the walls of the father looking with sullen contempt on the is not of the class or practised in the satisfied with the way in which Ferguson bad countenance that he dare not speak ;--and the

room. Mrs. Street expressed herself to be quite crowd, and expressing an indignation in his artifices of travelling authors; one less executed her instructions; but, unfortunately mother, pressing her infants closer to her bosom anxious to amuse or surprise, or to make for him, his lenity to the girl became known with an involuntry grasp, and exclaiming, in himself talked of as clever, or deep, or in the house, and the subject of merriment, wild and simple earnestness, while the iears patriotic, than to exhibit an unvarnished and was one of the reasons for his dismissal chased down her cheeks in quick succession, view of facts as they arose, and 10 pour of the most atrocious of all the proceedings of children!'. But on the hammer went, reckless

before I left the house. But I did not know I can't leff my children !—I won't leff my tray, in plain and simple language, the this cruel woman until the very day that i alike whether it united or sundered for ever. results of an attentive and discriminating quitted the house. I had put my clothes in On another stand I saw a man apparently as course of observation on men and things, my portmanteau when I was about to set out; white as myself exposed for sale. I turned

- nothing extenuating, nor aught set- but, finding it was rather too full, I had diffi- away from the humiliating spectacle. ting down in malice.?” And again, “ His culty in getting it closed to allow me to lock

“At another time I saw the concluding

scene of this infernal drama. It was on the object was to give a fair account of the it; I therefore told one of the boys to send me country, without either exaggerating or

one of the stoutest of the men to assist me. A wharf. A slave-ship from New Orleans was concealing the good or bad qualities of whom I found to be the cook, with tears in his handcuffed and pinioned, were hurried off in

great robust fellow soon afterwards appeared, ying in the stream, and the poor negroes, its inhabitants; and we think he has been eyes ;-I asked him what was the matter? He hoats, eight at a time. Here I witnessed the eminently successful.”

told me that, just at the time when the boy last farewell,--the heart-rending separation of The accounts which Mr. Stuart gives called for him, he had got so sharp a blow on every earthly ție. The mute and agonizing emof the behaviour of the whites towards the the cheek-hone, from this devil in petticoats, brace of the husband and wife, and the conblacks in the Carolinas, Georgia, and

as had unmanned him for the moment. Upon vulsive grasp of the mother and the child, who other southern states, are alike disgraceful he viewed this as nothing, but that he was living death,--they never see or hear of each

were alike torn asunder-for ever! It was a my expressing commiseration for him, he said to the Americans, and affecting to hu- leading a life of terrible suffering ;-that abont other, more. Tears fowed fast, and mine manity. Every possible effort is made, two years had elapsed since he and his wife, with the rest.", not to instruct, but to exclude them from with his two children, had been exposed in the

Charleston has long been celebrated for the instruction. The blacks are prohibited public market at Charleston for sale,--that he severity of its laws against the blacks, and the from attending the schools kept by white had been purchased by Mr. Street, -that his mildness of its punishments towards the whites persons; and, in 1823, the grand jury ferent person, and that, though he was living there were about seventy-one crimes for which

Until the late war, wife and children had been purchased by a dif- for maltreating them. of Charleston proclaimed as a nuisance

in the same town with them, he never was slaves were capitally punished, and for which the numbers of schools kept within their allowed to see them ;-he would be beaten the highest punishment for whites was impricity by persons of colour;" expressing within an ace of his life if he ventured to go sonment in the penitentiary. their belief “that a city ordinance pro to the corner of the street.

A dreadful case of murder occurred at hibiting, under severe penalties, such per Wherever the least symptom of rebellion or

Charleston in 1806. A planter, called John sons from being public instructors, would insubordination appears ai Charleston on the Slater, made an unoffending, unresisting, slave, meet with general approbation.” Such part of a slave, the master sends the slave to be bound haud and foot, and compelled his an order was of course soon after issued ! the gaol, where he is whipped or beaten as the companion to chop off his head with an axe,

master desires. The Duke of Saxe Weimar, and to cast his body, convulsing with the agoIn perfect keeping with this unprinci- in his travels, mentions that be visited this nies of death, into the water. Judge Wild, pled conduct is their general treatment of gaol in December 1825; that the “ black over.

who tried him, on awarding a sentence of imtheir slaves. His first statement has re seers go about every where armed with cow prisonment against this wretch, expressed his ference to Charleston.

hides; that in the basement story there is an regret that the punishment provided for the So far as respects the slaves, they are even

apparatus upon which the negroes, by order of offence was insufhcient to make the law re

the police, or at the request of the masters, are spected, that the delinquent too well knew still in a worse situation ; for, though their Hogged; that the machine consists of a sort that the arin which he had stretched out for evidence is in no case adinissible against the of crane, on which a cord with two nooses runs

the destruction of his slave was that to which whites, the affirmation of free persons of colour, over pulleys; the nooses are made fast to the he alone could look for protection, disarmed as or their fellow slaves, is received against themhands of ihe slave and drawn up, while the he was of the right of self-defence.


was er

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October 2nd.

But the most borrible butchery of slaves , Africa. He was taken prisoner, and was sold, Edited by the late WILLIAM GREENFIELD, Superintend

ant of the Editorial departnient of the British and Foreign which has ever taken place in America, was and his purchaser would not give him up, Bible Society. the execution of thirty-five of them on the although three slaves were offered in his stead. lines near Charleston, in the month of July The judge's address, on pronouncing sentence THE PSALMS, Metrically and Historically 1822, on account of an alleged conspiracy of death on this occasion, on persons sold to The only book in the English language of its size, in large

type, that contains a book of the Bible. against their masters. The whole proceedings slavery and servitude, and who, if they were

Sold by S. Bagster, Paternoster Row; Darton, Holare monstrous. Sixty-seven persons were con- guilty, were only endeavouring to get rid of it born Pry, Honndsdiích ; Arch, Cornhill , Darton and victed before a court, consisting of a justice of in the only way in their power, seems mon

Co., Gracechurch Street; and all other Booksellers in

town and country. the peace, and freeholders, without a jury. The strous. He told them that the servant who evidence of slaves not upon oath was admitted was false to his master would be false to his BRITISH COLLEGE OF HEALTH, KING'S against them, and, after all, the proof was ex- God,—that the precept of St. Paul was, “to CROSS, NEW ROAD, LONDON. tremely scanty. Perrault, a slave, who had obey their masters in all things,” and of St. MORISON'S UNIVERSAL VEGETABLE himself been brought from Africa, was the Peter, “to be subject to their masters with all

MEDICINE. chief witness. He had been torn from his fear,”—and that, had they listened to such To Mr. A. Charlwood, General. Agent for the sale of father, who was very wealthy, and a consider- doctrines, they would not have been arrested SIR,-Gratitude to God, " from whom all blessings able trader in tobacco and salt on the coast of | by an ignominious death.

flow," has induced me to give publicity to my case and

On Tuesday, the 18th day of September, I was seized with that dreadful disorder, called the Cholera Morbus, in the following manner: violent cramp in my Jegs and thighs, and very rapidly approaching my body, excruciating pains all over me, violent purging, a substance like gruel was all that came from me; tremely sick; my brother thought I must die unless I obtained immediate relief; be went to Mr. Farrow's, your agent, in Magdalen street, and got a box of No. 2. I took ten pills dissolved, but the cramp still increased; in half an hour, ten more, my legs were put in warm water, and afterwards wiped dry, and put into hot blankets; the pills operated both ways, and I soon found perfect ease; enjoyed a very good night's rest; but the next day I was seized with a swelling of the body and extreme hardness; four more of No. 2 pills were given me; the disorder brought me so low that my life was almost despaired of, but taking a little nourishment, and with the blessing or God on the means used, I am now recovered.

I remain, Sir, yours respectfully,


Norwich, Old Cat and Fiddle Yard, This is a representation of an occur of the lion, that, for a considerable time To Mr. Charlwood.

Sir, I can never be sufficiently thankful to the Father rence which took place in the Tower of after her arrival in England, she was so

of Mercite, and Morison's Vegetable Medicine, as the London, and is strikingly illustrative, not tame as to be allowed frequently to roam means used for my recovery, under a violent attack of

Cholera. On the night of the 17th of Seplember, I was only of the courage of the individua at large about the open yard; and even taken with cramps so violently, that I required several concerned, but also of the native supe-long after it had been judged expedient perscen si hold me I was also very sick and my bowels riority of the moral courage of man to that this degree of liberty should no and given me, and in the course of the night I took eight the strength and ferocity of the inferior longer be granted, her disposition was far pain

. I continded taking small doses for a few days, and animals. The tale is well told in an ele- from exciting any particular fear in the am happy to say that I ain now entirely restored to health.

SARAH BROOKS. gant publication entitled “ The Tower minds of her keepers. As an instance of Norwich, opposite the Three Maltsters, Menagerie.” this, we may mention that when on one

St. Paul's, Oct. Ist.

In the above two cases the parties are willing to satisfy “ It cannot be doubted that the lighter occasion, about a year and a half ago, any person of the truth thus stated, that may please to call and slenderer shape of the lioness, and she had been suffered, through inadvert

on them, or on Mr. Farrow Magdalen-streel; who is also

at liberty to refer to four other persons that have been her consequently greater activity, tend, in ence, to leave her den, and when she was cured of the same complaint, by Morison's Medicines, in

the same neighbourhood, but do not wish their names to an espeeial manner, to the formation of by no means in a good temper, George be made public. that lively and sensitive character by Willoughway, the under keeper, had the

The “ Vegetable Universal Medicines" are to be had at

the College, New Road, King's Cross, London; at the which all her actions are so strongly boldness, alone, and armed only with a Surrey Branch, 96, Great Surrey-street; Mr. Field's, 16, Airmarked; but there is another cause, no stick, to venture upon the task of driving Walker's, Lamb's-conduit-passage, Red-lion-square; Mr. less powerful than these, which operates her back into her place of confinement; .. Loft's, Mile-end-road; Mr. Bennett's, Covent-gardenwith peculiar force, in the vivid excitabi- which he finally accomplished, not, how- markedsled's, Hayden's File des courte Norton-felgate; lity of her maternal feelings, which she ever, without strong symptoms of resist Brentford; Mrs. Stepping, Clare-market; Messrs. Salmon,

Little Bell-alley; Miss Varai's, 24, Lucas-street, Commercherishes with an ardour almost unparal- ance on her part, as she actually made cial-road ; Mrs. Beech's, 7, Sloane-square, Chelsea; Mrs. leled in the history of any other animal. three springs upon him, all of which he Chapple's Royal Library, Pallimall; Mrs: Pippen's, 18,

Wingrove-place, Clerkenwell; Miss C. Atkinson, 19, New From the moment she becomes a mother, was fortunate enough to avoid.

Trinity.grounds, Deptford; Mr. Taylor, Hanwell; Mr.

Kirtlam, 4, Bolingbroke-row, Walworth ; Mr. Payne, 64, the native ferocity of her disposition is

Jermyn-street; Mr. Howard, at Mr. Wood's, hairdresser,

Richmond; Mr. Meyar, 3, May's-buildings, Blackheath; renovated, as it were, with tenfold vigour;

Mr. Griffiths, Wood-wharf, Greenwich ; Mr. Pitt, 1, Cornshe watches over her young with that unAPHORISMS.

wall-road, Lambeth; Mr. J. Dobson, 35, Craven-street,

Strand; Mr. Oliver, Bridge-street, Vauxhall; Mr. J. defined dread of danger to their weak and

Monck, Bexley Heath; Mr. T. Stokes, 12, St. Ronan's, defenceless state, and that suspicious Sleep, the type of death, is also, like that which Deptford ; Mr. Cowell, 22, Terrace, Pimlico; Mr. Parfitt,

it typifies, restricted to the earth. It flies from 96, Edgware-road; Mr. Hart, Portsmonth-place, Kenningeagerness of alarm, which keeps her in a hell, and is excluded from heaven.-Colton.

ton-lane; Mr. Charlesworth, grocer, 124, Shoreditch; Mr. constant state of feverish excitation; and To know a man, observe how he wins his ob- J. Avila, pawnbroker, opposite the church, Hackney; Mr

R. G. Bower, grocer, 22, Brick-lane, St. Luke's; Mr. S. woe be to the wretched intruder, whether fect, rather than bow he loses it ; for, when we J. S. Briggs, 1, Brunswick-place, Stoke Newington; Mr. man or beast, who should unwarily, at fail, our pride supports us : when we succeed, it T. Gardner, 95, Wood-streci, chcapside, and 8, Norton

falgate ; Mr.J. Williamson, 15, Seabright-place, Hackneybetrays us.- 1b. such a time, approach the precincts of

road; Mr. J. Osborn, Wells-street, Hackney road, and

Civil freedom is not a thing that lies hid in the Homerton; Mr. H. Cox, grocer, 18, Union-street, Bishopaher sanctuary! Even in a state of cap- depths of abstruse seience. It is a blessing and a gate-street; Mr. T. Walter, cheeseinonger, 67, Hoxton Old tivity, she may have been previously sub- benefit, not an abstract speculation ; and all the Town; and at one agent's in every principal town in Great

Britain, the Islands of Guernsey and Malta; and througkajected to the control of her keeper; she just reasoning that can bear upon it is of so coarse

out the whole of the United States of America. now loses all respect for his commands, ties of those who are to enjoy and those who are a texture as perfectly to suit the ordinary capaci N. B. The College will not be answerable for the con

sequences of any medicines sold by any chymist or draggist, and abandons herself occasionally to the to defend it.-BURKE.

as none such are allowed to sell the “'Universal Media most violent paroxysms of rage.

The empire exercised by Satan over man is to “ Of this the individual lioness now in be regarded, not as the power of a prince, but as Printed by J. HADDON and Co.; and Published

that of an executioner.-CHARNOCK. the Tower affords a striking example.

by J. Crisp, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster

Surely he is not a fool that hath unwise Row, where all Advertisements and Communi. We have already observed in our account (thoughts, but he that utters them.—Bp. Hall. cations for the Editor are to be addressed.



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The establishment of Town-halls, or, ment. The institution of these free cities | tinuance, from the time of the Romans, as they are called in French, Hotels de and boroughs was one of the contributing of a municipal magistracy, and the priVille, Hotels des Communes, or Maisons causes of the decay of the feudal spirit, vilege of internal regulation, of which Communales, in the towns and cities of and the total abolition of villenage. To they assert the French and Gothic conthe continent was, probably, simultane- Louis the Sixth has been commonly re- querors left it in possession, as also that ous with the granting of the charters ferred the granting of some of the earliest it exercised its franchises during the ages which conferred


the inhabitants charters of community; one to the city of feudalism. That it possessed a munifreedom and privileges, and may be of Laon was granted in 1112, and to cipal government in the earliest period of dated from about the commencement of Amiens in 1114. The example was gra- its history was established, by the disthe twelfth century. At this period every dually followed, until the end of the covery in 1711 of an inscription, showing town was subject to some lord, who, when thirteenth century, when the custom pre- that, in the reign of Tiberius, an associated his pecuniary exigencies necessitated it, vailed throughout France.

body, under the denomination of Nautes, granted, for a stipulated price, a charter The origin of the municipal rights of or Naviculairis, erected an altar to Esus, which gave a code of fixed sanctioned Paris, as they existed before the first re- Jupiter, and Vulcan; that they possessed customs, and a set of privileges, always volution, is involved in much obscurity. the privilege of the trade by water, and including municipal or elective govern- The French historians claim for it a con- I had the regulating of the navigation of

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