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It is too generally true that those who met than that of this beautiful spot. It figure in this profession, and sent him, enlarge the territories of their country, may not be uninteresting to the reader to not yet fourteen years of age, to study at who adorn it with public works, and add meet with a somewhat minute description Montpelier, a town finely situated for to its physical resources, are held in per- of the place to which Petrarch has, by this health and pleasure, with a university petual remembrance, while those who en and many other events of his life, at- famous for the skill of its professors, rich its language, and adorn its literature, tached so much interest. The following both in physic and law. The Roman are comparatively neglected and forgot is from the pen of Ugo Foscolo :

law had been taught there from the ten. This, however, can scarcely be al The valley of Vaucluse is one of those works twelfth century. Petrarch studied here leged of Petrarch and his countrymen. of pature which five centuries have been un

four years; but it was so much lost time, All their nationality seems to be enlisted able to disturb. On leaving Avignon the eye for he could not be brought to fix his in favour of his fame, and every thing tiful meadow till he arrives on a plain varied attention on such dry subjects ; I could and every place which can be brought by numerous vineyards. At a short distance not, says he, deprave my mind by such a into even a conjectural connexion with the hills begin to ascend, covered with trees, system of chicanery as the present forms the poet, derive their chief interest from which are reflected on the Sorga, the waters of law exhibit. that circumstance.

of which are so limpid, their course so rapid, Petrarco, perceiving his slow progress, Petrarch was born at Arezzo, in Tus- and their sounds so soft, that the poet describes sent him to Bologna, a place of still cany, of a respectable Florentine family; and his father being banished during the crystal, the murmurs of which mingle with the higher renown for persons of this profesinfancy of his son, the latter was taken Its banks are covered with aquatic plants, and than at Montpelier. songs of birds to fill the air with harmony." sion; but he succeeded no better there

What a grief to to Ancise, in the valley of Arno, fourteen in those places where the falls or the rapidity Petrarco, to find that, instead of applying miles from Florence. Here he was brought of the current prevent their being distinguished, to the law, his son passed whole days in up by his mother till he was seven years it seems to roll over a bed of green marble. reading ancient authors, and, above all, old. After this period the father, losing Nearer the source, the soil is sterile; and, as

the poets, with whom he was infatuated ! all hope of settling himself again in Flo- the channel grows narrow, the waves break

He took a journey to Bologna, to reTence, from which the violence of a poli, and spray, glittering with the reflection of the medy, if possible, this evil, which he aptical faction had removed him, departed prismatic colours. "On advancing still farther prehended would be so fatal to his son. with his family to Avignon, whither the hip the river, the traveller finds himself in- | Petrarch, who did not expect his father, holy see had been transferred from Rome. closed in a semicircular recess, formed by rocks ran to hide the manuscripts of Cicero, Here young Petrarch first commenced his inaccessible on the right, and abrupt and pre- Virgil, and some other poets, of whose friendship for Gui Settimo, the son of a cipitous on the left, rising into obelisks, pyra- works he had formed a little library, deGenoese, with whom his father was acquainted, and a youth of about his own

midst of them a thousand rivulets descend. priving himself of every other enjoyment The valley is terminated by a mountain, per

to become master of these treasures. age. From Avignon, however, both fa-pendicularly scarped from the top to the bot- Petrarco having discovered the place in milies shortly removed to Carpentras, a tom, and through a natural porch of concen- which they were concealed, took them pleasant town a few miles distant; and tric arches he enters a vast cavern, the silence out before his face, and cast them all here Petrarch was placed under the care and darkness of which are interrupted only by into the fire. Petrarch, in an agony of of Convenole, a Tuscan school-master, of the murmuring and the sparkling of the waters despair

, cried out, as if he himself had whom Petrarch said, many years after, in a basin, which forms the principal source that he resembled the whetstone which has never yet been fathomed, overflows in the he saw devouring what was most dear to

of the Sorga. This basin, the depth of which been precipitated into the flames, which sharpened knives, but remained dull it-- spring, and it then sends forth its waters with his imagination. self. Under him, however, and by the such an impetuosity as to force them through Our poet, however, yielded to the dicaid of the elementary instruction which a fissure in the top of the cavern, at an eleva- tates of filial duty, and, in the teeth of he had received from him, Petrarch soon tion of nearly a hundred feet on the mountain, all his predispositions and tastes, pressed left his companions behind him in his whence they gradually precipitate themselves forward in the study to which his father scholastic studies, and particularly in his from height to heighit in cascades, sometimes had appointed him. But nature was alproficiency in the Latin language; and foam the huge masses of rock which they ways stronger than his efforts

, though from the

age of ten to fifteen he learned hurry along. "The roar of the torrents never prompted by so powerful a motive. At as much of grammar, rhetoric, and logic, ceases during the long rains, while it seems as this time he became acquainted with two as could be acquired in the schools of if the rocks themselves were dissolved away, of the best poets of that day, among the that day. At about this age he appears and the thunder re-echoed from cavern to ca- professors at the University of Bologna, either to have first received the

germ
The awful solemnity of this spectacle Cino de Pestoye, and Cecco de Asoli

. It poetical genius, or, at least, to have ex

is varied by the rays of the sun, which, towards
,

was rather singular that Cino had three perienced that which chiefly effected its various tints on the cascades. After the dog pupils who have done him, and their development, from a visit to the cele- days the rocks become arid and black, the country, and themselves, the highest hobrated fountain and valley of Vaucluse. basin resumes its level, and the valley returns - viz., Petrarch, Boccace, and BarHe appears to have been inspired with to a profound stillness.

tholi. all the enthusiasm which beauty of na In this beautiful solitude did the sus The professors soon discovered the tatural scenery can infuse into a young and ceptible mind of Petrarch become in- lents and the poetical genius of Petrarch, ardent mind; and in many of his poems, spired with that fancy and sensibility and directed their endeavours to the culin after life, he kindles, at the recollec- which constituted through life the source tivation of the latter. But while he was tion of the sweets of that sequestered of all his pleasures and all his sufferings. thus vacillating between his inclinations spot, into a strain of poetry, by which The time, however, shortly arrived when and his duty, he received intelligence of they and he are alike immortalized. Nor his father thought it necessary to seek an his mother's death, and his father, unable need we wonder at this effect. The power establishment for his son. Science and to support his loss, survived her but a few of sympathizing with nature may be con- letters were held in contempt even at months. Petrarch, therefore, and his sidered as one of the most distinctive Avignon, though the residence of the brother, being suddenly left in this unfeatures of the poetic character; and, most polite and witty court in Europe. protected state, put their affairs in order, supposing this to have existed, perhaps Law was the only study which led to and entered together on the profession of there was no natural scenery which was fortune, and Petrarco, observing the ta- divinity, as the most promising path to more calculated to promote its develop- lents of his son, hoped he would make a that eminence which they alike thirsted for.

(To be Continued.)

of

vern.

nour

that

WONDERFUL INSTINCTS IN INSECTS. I been clearly ascertained. Thus clothed, and other. His dogs were so blinded by them, as

A species of spider (Mygale cementaria), in- shining like a ball of quicksilver, it 'darts to be obliged to lie down and scrape themhabiting the south of Europe, constructs a cy

through the waters, to the spot in which it had selves. About 9 A. M. these films, some an lindrical cavity more than two feet long, in

fixed its habitation, and disengaging the bub inch broad and six long, fell from a height, some sloping bank, calculated to let the water

ble from under the pellicle, it dexterously in and continued to do so the whole day, with a run off'; the inside is lined with a web of fine troduces it into a web formed at the bottom.

velocity which proved their weight. When silk. But, in addition to the sagacity of choosAfter repeatedly moving from the top to the the most elevated parts of the country were

ascended, the gossamers were seen to fall ing a steep bank and the luxury of furnishing bottom of the water, and at each journey fillits retreat with silk, this spider has the power ing its habitation with a fresh bubble of air, from higher regions; and, twinkling and glitof constructing a regular door: for this pur: heavier fluid, and the insect takes possession of shower, fixing the attention even of the most

at length the lighter completely expels the tering in the sun, they appeared like a starry pose it joins and cements layers of clay or chalk with its glutinous secretions, and thus an aerial habitation, commodious and dry, incurious.

These are now known to be the work of a contrives to make a door exactly circular, and finished in the very midst of the waters. It is so nicely fitting into the aperture of the cell, about the size and shape of half a pigeon's spider, for they have been either caught in

their balloons, or been seen to take flight. To as to prevent its being distinguished by the ca- egg: From this curious chamber the spider sual observer from the surrounding earth. But hunts, searching sometimes the waters, and produce such effects, their numbers of course

must be prodigious. Dr. Strach says, the most marvellous circumstance yet remains sometimes the land for its prey, which, when to be told-the sagacious creature positively obtained, is transported to this sub-aquatic twenty or thirty often are found on a single fabricates a hinge of silk, which it invariably mansion, and devoured at leisure. The male stubble;” and adds, “ that he collected two fixes to the highest side of the aperture, so as well as the female exhibit the same in thousand in half an hour, and could easily

have got twice as many had he wished it."that it can very easily be pushed open from stincts. Early in the spring, the former seeks within by the insect, and shuts by its own

the mansion of the latter, and having enlarged The Family Library. weight. Thus barricadoed, the gallery fur- it by the introduction of a little more air,

About the nishes a secure habitation for the male and fe- takes up its abode with its mate. male, with twenty or thirty of their young. middle of April, the eggs are lait, and, packed

MY GRAVE. No noise, however loud, no thumping, how up in a silken cocoon in a corner of their ever violent, will bring the cunning inhabit-house, are watched with incessant care by the

Far from the city's ceaseless hum, ant out of its cell; but if the least attempt be female.

Hither let my relics come! made to force the trap-door, a curious scene In modern times, much interest has been

L.owly and lonely be my grave, takes place—the spider immediately runs to

excited by the elevation of bodies in the air Fast by this streamlet's oozing wave, it, and fixing some of its legs to the silk which by ineans of a balloon. The discovery consist Still to the gentle angler dear, lines the door, and the rest to the walls of the ed in finding out a manageable substance Aud beaven's fair face reflecting clear.

No rank luxuriance from the dead gallery, it pulls with all its might against the which was, bulk for bulk, lighter than air ; intruder. Observers have convinced them and the application of the discovery was to Draw the green turf above my head ;

But cowslips here and there be found, selves of the fact by lifting up the door with make a body composed of this substance bear

Sweet natives of the hallowed ground, a pin, when they have felt the counter tugs of up, along with its own weight, some heavier

Diffusing Nature's incense round; the spider endeavouring to shut it. As soon body which was attached to it

. This expedi

Kindly sloping to the sun, as the creature is convinced that further efforts ent, so new to us, proves to be no other than

When his course is nearly run, are useless, it relinquishes the contest, and what the Author of Nature has employed in

Let it catch his farewell beams, retires to the bottom of the gallery. All atthe gossamer spider. We frequently see this

Brief and pale, as best beseems; tempts to observe the manners of this creature spider's thread foating in the air, and extended

But, let the melancholy yew in captivity have proved fruitless, as it soon

from hedge to hedge across a road or brook of (Still to the cemetery true) perished. These spiders prowl about at ght,

four or five yards' width. The animal which Defend it from his noon-day ray, and, having secured their prey, drag it within forms the thread has no wings where with to

Debarring visitant so gay; their den, and consume it at their leisure. fly from one extremity to the other of this line, And, when the robin's boding song The water-spider (Aranea aquatica) is annor muscles to enable it to spring or dart to so

Is hushed, the darkling boughs among,

There may the spirit of the wind other which spins no web to catch its prey; great a distance; yet its Creator hath laid for

A heaven-reared tabernacle find, but, nevertheless, offers one of the most singu- it a path in the atmosphere; and after this

To warble wild a vesper hymn, lar objeets of contemplation. If we possessed manner, though the insect itself be heavier

To soothe my shade at twilight dim! no other evidence that the world had been than air, the thread which it spins from its

Seldom let feet of man be there, planned and created by an Intelligent Being, bowels is specifically lighter. This is its bal

Save bending towards the house of prayer; the habits, proceedings, and instincts of this loon. The spider, left to itself, would drop to

Few human sounds disturb the calm, little creature would be alone sufficient to the ground; but, being tied to its thread, both

Save words of grace, or solemn psalm ! prove the fact. As soon as it has caught its are supported. By this contrivance, the crea

Yet, would I not my humble tomb prey on the shore it dives to the bottom of the tures mount into the air, to such immense Should wear an uninviting gloom,

As if there seemed to hover near, waters, and there devours its booty. It is, heights, that when Dr. Martin Lister ascended therefore, an amphibious animal; although | York Minster, he still saw these insects much In fancy's ken, a thing of fear;

In the fine summer days, the air

And, viewed with superstitious awe, it appears more fitted to live in contact with above him. the atmosphere than with the water. The may be seen filled, and the earth covered with Be duly shunned, and scarcely draw

The sidelong glance of passer by, diving-bell is a modern invention; and few filmy webs:

As haunt of sprite with blasting eye! facts excite our wonder more than the possibi The fine nets which oft we woven see, of

Or noted be by some sad token, lity of a man's being enabled to live and move scorched dew.

SPENSER.

Bearing a name in whispers spoken : at the bottom of the ocean. This triumph of Most nations have associated something po

No !-let some thoughtful schoolboy stray reason over the unfriendly element, however, etical with their presence. The Germans, from Far from his giddy mates at play, was anticipated by an insect--the spider in constantly observing them in the beginning of

My secret place of rest explore, question. the autumn, have styled the phenomenon “ the

There pore on page of classic lore; This creature spins some loose threads, which fitting summer.” The French, unable to ac

Thither let hoary men of age it attaches to the leaves of aquatic plants; it count for the existence of such pure films, in

Perform a pensive pilgrimage,

And think, as o'er my turf they bend, then varnishes them with a glutinous secretion, the open and beautiful autumnal skies, called

It woos them to their welcome end; which resembles liquid glass, and is so elastic them the threads of the “Virgin.” And we And let the woe-worn wandering one, as to admit of considerable distension and con the gossamer

Blind to the rays of reason's sun, traction; it next lays a coating of this same

Lovers who may bestride the gossamer

Thither his weary way incline, substance over its own body, and underneath

That idles in the wanton air.

There catch a gleam of light divine ; this coating introduces a bubble of air. Na

But, chiefly let the friend sincere turalists conjecture that it has the power of Mr. White gives a curious account of a shower There drop a tributary teardrawing this air in at the anus, from the at- of these gossamers. In September 1741, being There pause in musing mood, and all mosphere at the surface of the pool; but the intent on field sports, he found the whole face Our by-gone hours of bliss recall precise mode in which it is separated from the of the country covered with a coat of web Delightful hours ! too fleetly flown! body of the atmosphere, and introduced under drenched in dew, as thick as if two or three By the heart's pulses only known! the pellicle covering the insect's body, has not setting nets had been drawn one over the Aberdeen.

R*

ner.

Having notified to the Assembly the facts , say that the King has continued this faithful THE TOURIST. of this case, the Governor received a very dis- and diligent public officer in his service. It

respectful communication in reply. A Com- would have been disgraceful in the last degree MONDAY, MARCH 11, 1833.

mittee was appointed to inquire into his mal if his virtue had been rewarded with dismission.

administration, certain resolutions were adopted Such might have been the case in former SIR J. C. SMYTH AND THE ASSEMBLY by thirteen members, they constituting a days; but the times are now changed, and both

majority of the House; and a petition was the government and people of this country OF THE BAHAMAS.

drawn up, and agreed to, requesting his ma have gained a clearer insight into the value of

jesty to remove Sir J. C. Smyth from the gov- colonial testimony. There is a disgusting uniTuoss of our readers who perused the Ex-'ernment of the islands. The reasons of this formity in the slave system of our colonies. tracts which we gave in No. 28 from the Cor- violent procedure will be apparent to our Its accidents may vary, but it is essentially the respondence of the Governor of the Bahamas readers if we make another extract from the same in every island. It degrades the slave, with the Colonial Secretary, will not be sur- despatch of June 23, 1831.

and brutalizes his lord. It is alike inconsistent prised to learn that strenuous efforts have

with the principles of religion and the charities been made by the Colonists to obtain his re

" As I have not seen the documents or evidence of the human heart. Though administered by moral. Indisposed to reformation themselves

, upon which the committee founded their report, an angel it could not fail to entail degradation they cannot endure the presence of a public am not aware if there are any particular instances and suffering: what, then, must be its effects oficer who is honestly 'disposed to correct of misconduct imputed to me. To the general in the hands of men whom despotic power has whatever is vicious in their system. Their share of superintending this proceedings of the hardened and depraved? From the past, it is praise and censure bare usually been given in and of interfering in the treatment of slaves, by

some consolation to turn to the future. The an inverse proportion to the merit and demerit listening to their complaints, and seeing that the signs of the times are indicative of good; the of those on whom they have been conferred. Such proper authorities investigate the same with more national conscience is aroused ; the virtuous of as have been willing to connive at injustice have attention than is agreeable to the majority of the every party are combining against this monbeen represented as equitable and cnlightened assembly, I plead guilty. I had occasion to as strous evil; and his Majesty's government, rulers; while others who have brought out the certain, shortly after my arrival in this colony, there is good reason to believe, are about to latent evil to public view, and have sought its that the proceedings of the Slave Court were car

eflect what justice and policy alike enjoin. correction, have been described as prejudiced, ried on in the most slovenly and disgraceful man

Let not the friends of humanity, however, revisionary, and despotic. Such is the enviable

When the transactions relative to Lord position in which Sir J. Carmichael Smyth is Rolle's slaves took place, and five men, eight mit their exertions. Things may yet take an

There is no meanness to now placed. In a despatch to Viscount Ġode- women, and one boy were so severely flogged for unexpected turn. rich, June 23, 1831, he says :

which our enemies will not submit,--there is endeavouring to avoid the illegal and cruel re

moval to which they were about to be subjected, no deficiency of principle which they are not In the despatch which I had the honour to

I sent for the records of their trial, in order that capable of evincing. They may yet protract address to you on the 3d May last, I recapitulated, I might see, not only what was the nature of the the struggle, though they cannot hope ultias proofs of the necessity of taking away the power become acquainted with what they had said in prepared for strenuous and persevering efforts.

misconduct of which they were convicted, but also mately to triumph. We must, therefore, be of severe and improper punishments which had their defence. There was no record or any minute Every abolitionist should gird himself for batbeen inflicted. Amongst others, 1 mentioned the of the trial or conviction of these poor people, betle ; and be ready, whenever their leaders shall case of a person who keeps a retail spirit shop, and yond the warrant to the executioner to inflict the require, to render the most prompt and effective who is unfortunately a member of the Assembly, punishment

. From that day, however, the pro- service: having caused thirty-nine lashes to be given to a

ceedings of the Slave Court had assumed a differ. female attendant, in the gaol of the town. The ent appearance ; the minutes of each trial are laid man, whose name is Wildgoose, since the date of before me by the police magistrate, and no senmy despatch, caused a female slave belonging to tence is carried into execution until forty-eight

COURTSHIP. his mother to be similarly treated ; and, having hours after it has been passed, and the report forpersonally gone to the prison, he, after some al warded to me, in order that I may have time to

From Friendship's Offering. tercation with the first unfortunate victim of his read the evidence, to make such'inquiries as I violence, in which she was induced to say she did may think proper, and extend his Majesty's par

“O Laura! will nothing I bring thee not deserve such treatment, ordered her another don, should any favourable circumstances re

E'er soften those looks of disdain ? punishment of thiity-nine additional jashes, which specting the prisoner appear to me to call for mer.

Are the songs of affection I sing thee were inflicted accordingly; this poor girl, who is cy... This power is not, as the assembly assert,

All doomed to be sung thee in vain ? of a very delicate and slender figure and make, an illegal and unconstitutional exertion of autho

I offer thee, fairest and dearest, thus receiving seventy-eight lashes with a cat-o rity, but it is vested in the Governor, as the

A treasure the richest I'm worth; nine-tails, by order of this ruffian, a treatment King's representative, by the laws and by the

I offer thee love--the sincerest, from which it is impossible but that her health constitution. I beg very respectfully to refer your

The warmest e'er glowed upon earth!" and constitution must very seriously suffer, inde- Lordship to my, speech to the assembly of the 21st

But the maiden, a haughty look flinging, the proceeding. As soon as I was acquaiuted his Courts is inherent in the Sovereign, but have pendent of the cruelty, injustice, and indecency of instant, in which I have explained to them,

Said, “ Cease my compassion to move, not only that the power of extending mercy in all

For I'm not very partial to singing, with the particulars of this case, I sent for the

And they're poor whose sole treasure is lore." Attorney-General, and directed him to take with stated to them the fact that it has been occasionout delay any legal means to bring Mr. Wild-ally exercised by my predecessors. It is very

“My name will be sounded in storygoose to irial. As the unfortunate girl, when the true, that the pardons which have been granted

I offer, thee, dearest, my name ; second flogging was inflicted, was still in prison, by my predecessors, at least all those I have seen, and was consequently under the charge and au

I have fought in the proud field of glory have been in cases of transportation, in which cases the small sum allowed by law to the master

Oh, Laura! come share in my fame. thority of those magistrates who have charge of

I bring thee a soul that adores thee, the place where she was confined, I am in hopes for the loss of his slave is stated not to be an

And loves thee wherever thou art, chat Mr. Wildgoose will be found to have been equivalent, and pardon granted to the slave was

Which thrills as its tribute it pours thee, guilty of a misdemeanour, in punishing her for very agreeable to, and was often solicited by, the any imputed offence stated to have been commitmaster, as giving back his slave. No cry was

Of tenderness fresh from the heart.”

But the maiden said, “ Cease lo importune, ted whilst in confinement. Such is the violence raised by the assembly as to an illegal streich of and prejudice, however, that prevails, and the an.

Give Cupid the use of his wings; the royal prerogative, when the exercise of it suited ger which is excited at any attempt to curb the doned three slaves, who were sentenced by the

Ah, fame's but a pitiful fortune, their own views. In the present case, I have par

And hearts are such valueless things !" authority of the owner over the slave, that, excepting Mr. Wildgoose has a proportion of coSlave Court to be severely fogged. My letter to

“Oh, Laura! forgive if I've spoken
loured people upoa his jury, he will in all proba. the police magistrate, forwarding his Majesty's
bility escape."

Too boldly !--nay, turn rot away,
pardon, a copy of which I beg to enclose, will
explain the views and motives by which I was ac-

For my heart with affliction is broken-
tuated, and which I make very little doubt will be

My uncle died only to-day!

My uncle the nabob--who tended In this apprehension the Governor was jus approved of by your Lordship.”

My youth with affectionate care, tified by subsequent erents. In his despatch of March 6th, 1832, bie says,-"Your Lordship will

In opposition to the petition of the Assem

My manhood who kindly befriended,

Has died, and-has---left-me-his-heir.' observe with great regret, that the bills which the bly, two others were presented to his majesty,

And the maiden said, “ Weep not, sincerest, Attorney-General prepared and preferred against one from the most respectable and wealthy My heart has been yours all along; Mr. John Wildgoose; were ignored by the Grand proprietors of the colony, and another from the Oh! hearts are of treasures the dearestJury."

people of colour. It is almost unnecessary to Do, Edward, go on with your song !"

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ON THE PICTURESQUE. strong deviation : beauty should not be ob- disguised by an appearance of splendid conTue arts are no less unfortunate than beauty should be light and delicate ; the great windows of Gollnic churches, the pointed arch

scure; the great ought to be dark and gloomy: fusion and irregularity. In the doors and the sciences in being retarded by the ought to be solid, and even massive. They has as much variety as any regular figure can vagueness and laxity of their technical are, indeed, ideas of a very different nature, well have: the eye is not too strongly conterms. In various branches of philosophy, one being founded on pain, the other on plea- ducted from the top of the one to that of the a single word has imposed on the notions sure ; and however they may vary afterwards other, as by the parallel lines of the Grecian; of an age, or constituted the distinctive from the direct nature of their causes, yet these and every person must be struck with the exbadge of a school. It has paralyzed in

causes keep up an eternal distinction, never to treme richness and intricacy of some of the vestigation, and held the minds of men

be forgotten by any whose business it is to principal windows of our cathedrals and ruined affect the passions.

abbeys. In these last is displayed the triumph as in a spell; and, even in more modern

The distinction between the picturesque er's eye are often so great as to rival those of

of the picturesque; and its charms to a paintand in the present times, an observer will frequently be struck with the extended and the beautiful is stated in the same

beauty itself. So in mills, such is the extreme and unhappy influence of some conven

general manner, though with much in- intricacy of the wheels and the wood-work; tional words and phrases, to which the teresting illustration, by Mr. Uredale such is the singular variety of forms, and of example of an individual or long habitua-Price, in his Essay on the Picturesque. lights and shadows, of inosses and weathertion has attached a factitious importance.

A temple or palace of Grecian architecture, stains from the constant moisture-of plants Nor, as we have said, are the arts ex

in its perfect and entire state, and its surface springing from the rough joints of the stones; empted from a like disadvantage. Dif

and colour smooth and even, either in painting such the assemblage of every thing which ferent meanings are sometimes attached turesque. Observe the process by which time without the addition of water, an old mill has

or reality, is beautiful; in ruin, it is pic most conduces to picturesqueness, that, even to the same terms; and, where this is not (the great author of such changes) converts a

the greatest charm for a painter. the case, there is an indeterminateness in beautiful object into a picturesque one. First,

It is owing to the same causes that a buildtheir application which is at once the by means of weather-stains, partial incrusta- ing with scaffolding has often a more picsource of much confusion and much con tions, mosses, &c.; it at the same time takes turesque appearance than the building itself troversy. Of this class may be specified colour; that is, gives it a degree of roughness mossy, rough-hewn park pales of unequal

off from the uniformity of its surface and its when the scaffolding is taken away—that old, such words as sublime, beautiful, pic- and variety of tint. Next, the various accidents heights are an ornament to landscape; espec turesque, &c., the precise meaning of of weather loosen the stones themselves; they cially when they are partially concealed by which, it would seem, can only be fixed tumble in irregular masses upon what was thickets ; while a neat post and rail, regularly by a reference to some acknowledged perhaps smooth turf or pavement, or nicely- continued round a field, and seen without any standard, of which we seem to be in want. trimmed walks and shrubberies, now mixed interruption, is one of the most unpicturesque, Some authors, however, have laid down, that crawl over and shoot among the fallen and overgrown with wild plants and creepers, as being one of the most uniform, of all

boundaries. both by definition and illustration, their ruins. Sedums, wall-flowers, and other vege

Among trees, it is not the smooth, young views of the just application of these tables that bear drought, find nourishment in beech, or the fresh and tender ash, but the terms, and we propose to lay them before the decayed cement, from which the stones rugged old oak, or knotty wych elm, that are our readers in a selection from their have been detached; birds convey their food picturesque ; nor is it necessary that they writings. The distinction between sublime into the chinks; and yew, elder, and other should be of great bulk; it is suficient if they and beautiful objects is thus generally berried plants, project from the sides; while are rough, mossy, with a character of age, and

with suddeu variations in their forms. The stated in Mr. Burke's treatise on that the top.m. The even, regular lines of the doors limbs of huge trees

, shattered by lightning or subject :

and windows are broken, and through their tempestuous winds, are in the highest degree Sublime objects (says he) are vast in their ivy-fringed openings is displayed the ruinest picturesque; but whatever is caused by those dimensions ; beautiful ones comparatively interior of the edifice.

dreaded powers of destruction must always small: beauty should be smooth and polished; In Gothic buildings, the outline of the suni. have a tincture of the sublime. the great, rugged and negligent: beauty should mit presents such a variety of forms of turrets

As when heaven's fire shun the right line, yet deviate from it insen- and pinnacles, some opep, some fretted and Has scathed the forest oaks or mountain pines sibly; the great, in many cases, loves the right variously enriched, that, even where there is with singed top their stately growth, tho" báre, line ; and when it deviates, it often makes a an exact correspondence of parts, it is often Stands on the blasted heathi,"

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