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had reasonable cause or pretext for cipal support of the state. « I have a

THE POISONED VALLEY OF JAVA. any their aggression,” and compares it to the sure method,” said he, “ to prevent my

ng 1

It is known by the name of Guevo Upas, or iniquitous triple alliance, known as the ever being a witness to the ruin of my poisoned Valley; and, following a path which League of Cambray, against the liberties country; I will die in the last intrench-had been made for the purpose, the party and existence of the Republic of Venice. ment.The King, finding a spirit of shortly reached it with a couple of dogs and Upon Louis crossing the Rhine, a panic resistance arising, ditficulties increasing, some fowls, for the purpose of making experi

On arriving at the mountain, th appears to have seized upon the whole and that he could do nothing more in a

party dismounted, and scrambled up the side population ; city after city surrendered country, almost submerged, the dykes of the hill, a distance of a quarter of a mile. to his arms without striking a blow; and having been broken, left his army, and with the assistance of the branches of tree Amsterdam would have fallen into his returned to Paris to enjoy the flatteries and projecting roots.

When a few yards from the valley, a strong, power had not the sluices been broken, and adulation of his Court, and of the and, by letting in the waters, overflowed people of his capital, who erected the nauseous, and suffocating smell was experi

enced; but, on approaching the margin, this the surrounding country, which became vain trophy of the Porte St. Denis, to inconvenience was

no longer found. The the means of saving the city, and even- eternalize conquests which were aban- valley is about half a mile in circumference, tually the nation. Had the capital been doned before the proud monument was of an oval shape, and about thirty feet in taken the Republic would have perished, finished. It stands upon the site of the depth. The bottom of it appeared to be fat, and perhaps even the whole country would ancient Porte St. Denis, built under without any vegetation, and a few large stones have disappeared in this emergency. We Charles IX., and was designed by Blon- scattered here and there. Skeletons of human quote from Voltaire : “ The richest fami- del. Its beauty of proportion and exe- beings, tigers, bears, deer, and all sorts of birds lies, and those which were most zealous cution renders it one of the prominent ground on which they lay at the bottom of the for liberty, prepared to flee into the far- ornaments of the French capital. It Valley appeared to be a hard sandy substance, thest part of the world, and embark for rises from a base of seventy-two feet to a and 'no vapour was perceived. The sides Batavia. They took a list of all the ves- height of seventy-three feet; the prin- were covered with vegetation. It was now sels capable of making the voyage, and cipal arch being twenty-five feet wide, proposed to enter it; and each of the party, made a calculation of the numbers they and forty-three feet high. Two smaller having lit a cigar, managed to get within could embark. It was found that fifty openings on each side, five feet in width twenty feet of the bottom, where a sickening, thousand families could take refuge in by ten feet in height, are rather defects difficulty of breathing. A dog was now fast

nauseous smell was experienced, without any their new country.

Holland would no in the structure, not originally intended ened at the end of a bamboo, and thrust to more have existed, but at the extremity by the architect. Over these entrances the bottom of the valley, while some of the of the East Indies. Its provinces in are pyramids in bas relief, which rise to party, with their watches in their hands, obEurope, which purchase their corn only the height of the entablature, and are served the effects. At the expiration of fourwith the riches of Asia, which subsist ornamented with military trophies, at the teen seconds the dog fell off his legs, without only by their commerce, and, if the ex- | base of which, on the one side, are figures moving or looking round, and continued alive pression may be used, by their liberty, allegorical of Holland and the Rhine; left the party, and went to liis companion; on would have been almost ruined and de- on the other side two crouching lions reaching him he was observed to stand quite populated. Amsterdam, the mart and The bas reliefs over the arch represent, motionless, and at the end of ten seconds fell magazine of Europe, where commerce the one, the passage of the Rhine at Tho- down; he never moved his limbs after, and and the arts are cultivated by two hun- luys, and the other, the taking of Maes- lived only seven minutes. A fowl was now dred thousand men, would soon have be- tricht. In the spandrels of the arch are thrown in, which died in a minute and a half, come a vast morass. All the neighbour- figures of Fame and Victory, and on the in the space of a minute and a half. A heavy

and another, which was thrown in after, died ing lands require immense expenses, and frieze, in bronze letters, is the inscription, shower fell during the time that these experithousands of hands, to keep up their Ludovico Magno.

ments were going forward, which, from the dykes. In all probability their inhabit- The sculptures are, in general, well | interesting nature of the experiments, was ants would have left them, with their executed by Geradore, an artist of some quite disregarded. On the opposite side of the riches, and they would have been at last celebrity in his time. In common with valley to that which was visited lay a human sunk under water, leaving to Louis XIV. most of the public buildings of France, skeleton, the lead resting on the right arm.

The effect of the weather had bleached the only the miserable glory of having de- this arch had been much degraded du- bones as white as ivory. This was probably stroyed the finest and most extraordinary ring the fever of the Revolution. Its in the remains of some wretched rebel, hunted monument ever erected by human in- scriptions and bas reliefs had been entirely towards the valley, and taking shelter there dustry. Yet this is what poets, orators, defaced, but the whole was repaired, with unconscious of its character.- Jamaica Watchand, perhaps, historians, would have much judgment, by Cellerier, in 1807, man. adorned with all the flowers of the most and the various inscriptions restored. eloquent flattery.”


T. It was in this fearful situation that the

Oh! thou dull flower, here silently dying:

And wilt thou never, then,-never resume Dutch sued for peace, and implored the

Thy colour or perfume ? clemency of the victor; but they were re


Alas! and but last night I saw thee lying ceived with insulting haughtiness, and

Upon the whitest bosom in the world, intolerable conditions prescribed. The Some young gentlemen of Lincoln's Inn, And now thy crimson leaves are parched and

curled. terror of the people was changed into heated by their cups, having drunk confusion despair, and despair revived their droop- tion, cited before the star-chamber. They apto the Archbishop Laud), were, at his instiga- Is it that Love hath, with his fiery breath,

Blown on thee, until thou wast fain to perish, ing courage; but, in the first transports plied to the Earl of Dorset for protection,

(Love, who so strives to cherish)? of their fury, the populace, forgetting the

“Who bears witness against you ?” said And is the bond so slight 'tween life and death, eminent services of the patriots, John Dorset.

One of the drawers," said they. A step but from the temple to the tomb ? and Cornelius De Witt, and charging Where did he stand when you were supposed Oh! Where hath fled thy beauty — where thy them as being the authors of the present to drink this health ?" subjoined the earl. “He calamities, with savage brutality mur- was at the door," they replied, “ going out of For me, last night I envied thee thy place, the room."

So near a heart which I may never gain, dered and tore them in pieces. This

“ Tush!” he cried, “the drawer occurred on the 20th of August. was mistaken ; you drank confusion to the Thou’rt losing all thy fragrance, all thy grace.

And now, perhaps in pain, The young Prince of Orange was then fellow was gone before you pronounced the on her breast, for a moment, and then-die.

Archbishop of Canterbury's enemies, and the And yet it was enough for thee to lie created Stadtholder, and became the prin- | last word.”Hume's History of England.



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CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN SIR slaves altogether. Most sincerely do I lament the power of inflicting punishment, is not to be CARMICHAEL SMYTH, GOVERNOR that those magistrates whom I removed for order, looked for in a hurry," is but too well founded. It

ing two women with infants at the breast, and is fit, however, that it should be distinctly underOF THE BAHAMAS, AND LORD

one other with child, to be flogged, were restored stood that the government and people of Great GODERICH, ON THE SUBJECT OF to the bench. It not only weakened my authority Britain will not patiently acquiesce in the contiFEMALE FLOGGING.

and influence, but, by encouraging an idea that nuance of such a system in any part of his Majes

British government was cool and indifferent upon ty's dominions. It is not to be expected that a In the parliamentary papers of August 8, the subject, very much paralyzed all my efforts. A contumacious refusal to rescue these unfortunate 1832, numbered 733, there are several commu

female slave, of only fourteen years of age, was females from such barbarous and disgusting : nications from the Governor of the Bahamas punished last week in the workhouse with thirty- punishments should be much longer tolerated

and you will have the goodness to impress, in the to Viscount Goderich, which throw much light kept woman, after having been two months in strongest terms, on the Council and Assembly, the on the present character of colonial slavery; prison, and for some most trifling offence. A fixed determination of the Ministers of the Crown We hear, in this country, of its mitigation, and middle-aged female slave received, about ten days to omit no methods sanctioned by law and justice are assured of the willingness of the planters ago, thirty-nine lashes, by order of a white girl to arrest the progress of such cruelties. Nothing to provide for the protection, comfort, and of seventeen years of age, who, in the absence of can be more unfounded than the opinion which moral instruction of their slaves; but, when her father, had charge of his house. A female you state to have prevailed, that the British Goever an opportunity is afforded us of looking slave at Exuma was so severely fogged that a vernment was cool and indifferent upon the subinto the system itself

, its dark and revolting justice of the peace (a planter on the island) |ject. I hear, with much concern, that your efforts features are distinctly traced. It is, to use the wrote to me, and made an affidavit, that he could have been paralyzed by the prevalence of such a words of Sir J. C. Smyth, “ an Augean stable, not tell what number of lashes she had received, notion ; yet I cannot regret that those efforts were which may be cleansed, but only by unceasing On returning home, she was fogged for having on such occasions must have been to your feel

but that he had never seen so cruel a punishment. made. However irksome the necessary interference efforts, seconded by your Lordship's (Goderich) been to complain.” I caused the owner in this ings, it is highly satisfactory to learn that you cordial support, and the weight of your autho- last case to be prosecuted by the crown lawyer ; have exerted yourself with so much energy, though rity." When was stronger language used by

but as the proof of the second flogging rested unhappily with so little effect, to bring the offendany abolitionist?

solely upon slave evidence and of one free coloured ers to justice. It must be borne in mind, that slavery ex- man, the grand jury ignored the bill. In the two ists in a much milder form in the Bahamas other cases I have mentioned I could not legally shall recur to this correspondence again ere

Here we must close for the present, but than in any other of our slave colonies. No interfere. sugars are exported thence, and the negro referred the particulars of the case of a minor of long. In the meantime, we strongly recompopulation is increasing. If, then, in such a seventeen years of age having ordered such a

mend the whole to the attentive examination

of our friends. colony, atrocities like those mentioned by the cruel punishment, informed me that she had a governor can be practised with impunity, what right so to do. In the case of the young girl of may we not suspect of other slave commu

fourteen years of age punished by order of the nities?

ALCHYMY. kept woman to whom she belongs, I caused a By a despatch, bearing date 5th of April, whom she lives, expressive of my sentiments of gances, that, as Mr. Evelyn observes in his

letter to be written to the Spanish merchant with Henry VI. was so reduced by his extrava1831, the Governor informs the Colonial Se regret and astonishment that he should permit Numismata, he endeavoured to recruit his eretary, of the rejection, by the Assembly, of such proceedings in his house, and the more so, as a very moderate bill on the flogging of females. this is the second female slave flogged by the empty, coffers by Alchymy. The record of The following is an extract : gaoler from this house within a month. Subse- this singular proposition contains “the most

solemn and serious account of the feasibility My Lord,-In the concluding paragraph of quently to my letter to the Spanish merchant, a man the despatch of the 31st of January, 1831, which who keeps a retail spirit shop, and who is most and virtues of the philosopher's stone, encouI had the honour of addressing to your Lordship, unfortunately a Member of the Assembly, has raging the search after it, and dispensing with I ventured to express my hopes that such regula- caused his female slave to receive thirty-nine all statutes and prohibitions." "This record tions and restrictions respecting the flogging of lashes, after having struck and otherwise ill-treated was, very probably, communicated (says an

her. female slaves would be adopted by the House of

It has been repeated to me, that this unfor ingenious antiquary) by Mr. Selden to his beAssembly, in consequence of their discussion on

tunate woman was at the time very unwell, and loved friend, Ben Jonson, when he was writhe subject, as would materially lessen the evils that there were some particularly indelicate cir- ting his comedy of the Alchymist. of this most disgusting system. The House, I am

Of the latter part of the After this patent was published, many prosorry to have to report, have disappointed me, and story, of the ill-health of the woman, and of her have not only replied to my answer to their ad- being previously struck, there is only slave evi- mised to answer the King's expectations, so dress in very general and evasive terms, but, by dence, or I would endeavour to bring this man to effectually, (the same writer adds) that the rejecting without a division, after its first reading punishment, I have entered into the foregoing next year he published another patent, wherein only, a very moderate bill upon the subject which details to show your Lordship, that, from an As- he tells his subjects that the happy hour was had passed the council, have convinced me, that sembly selected from a society where such horrors drawing nigh, and by means of THE STONE, although there are fortunately a few gentlemen of as I have described are allowed to take place with which he should soon be master of, he would a proper and manly feeling, yet that the great

out any animadversion, a change of the law, and pay all the debts of the nation, in real gold and majority of the Assembly are too prejudiced and voluntary surrender of the power of inflicting silver. The persons picked out for this new too narrow-minded to conceive the existence of punishment, is not to be looked for in a hurry. operation were as follow :any other order of things than that which they There are, however, unquestionably some very

Thomas Hervey, an Austin friar; Robert have been accustomed to witness. In my speech good and very well-meaning men, and I am un- Glaselay, a preaching friar; William Atclytte, at the close of the session, I thought it my duty to willing to give up the hope of ultimate success. point out how much they had disappointed me, It is an Augean stable, which may be cleansed, of St. Lawrence, Pontigny College, in London;

the queen's physician ; Henry Sharp, master and how much they must sink in the esteem of but only, by unceasing efforts, seconded by your Thomas Cook, 'Alderman of London

; John their fellow-subjects of the rest of the empire. 1 Lordship’s cordial support, and the weight of your Fyld, fishmonger; John Yonghe, grocer ; Roam afraid that I shall not be able to do much im authority. mediate good; but I shall conceive it nevertheless

bert Gayton, grocer; John Sturgeon, and John

The following reply of the Colonial Secre- Lambert, mercers, of London. my duty to take every opportunity, both publicly tary will be read with pleasure. It contains and privately, of exerting whatever influence the germ and promise of those measures which tate parliamenti. Prynne, who has given this

This patent was likewise granted authorimay possess in bringing the inhabitants, if posși- the Administration are about, we hope, to patent in his Aurum Reyina, p. 135, concludes ble, to a better feeling. bring forward.

with this sarcastic observation, “A project Again, in a despatch of the 3rd of May, 1831, he recurs to the subject, and specifies

I have received your despatch dated the 3rd of never so seasonable and necessary as now." various cases of female flogging which had May last.

The following statute, repeated in the pre

The shameful and degrading cruelties practised ceding record, proves that “multiplication of recently occurred.

upon female slaves, which it has been your painful gold” was the term applied to one branch of I shall not fail to avail myself of the op- duty to recapitulate, have excited in my mind the portunity of the House being assembled to en

alchymy. same feelings which they have produced in your “ None from henceforth shall use to multideavour to procure some amendment of the own. It is especially distressing to learn, that, law by which the power of inflicting arbitrary from the state of the law respecting the evidence ply gold or silver, or use the craft of multiplisevere corporeal punishment on slaves of both of slaves, such crimes can be perpetrated with cation; and if any the same shall do, he shall sexes is vested in the owner. Your Lordship's impunity. Your remark, that "From an Assem- incur the pain of felony.”—J. S. Andrews's commands upon that head will be by me most bly seleeted from a society where such horrors are History of Great Britain. cheerfully and readily obeyed. 'My first and great allowed to take place without any animadversion, object is to do away with the flogging of female a change in the law, and a voluntary surrender of

Aod seldom has she known a friend like thee."



county in Parliament. His opponent, strongly | grant was afterwards purchased by governsupported by the Court, and possessing great fa- ment from his grandson, Duncan George

mily interest, was returned ; but on a petition Forbes, who, I believe, is the present proprie* Thee, FORBES, too, whom every worth attends,

being presented to the House of Commons, tor of Culloden. As truth sincere, as weeping friendship kind; Thee, truly generous, and in science great,

the return was set aside, and Mr. Forbes de- The Lord President Forbes was one of those Thy country feels through her reviving arts,

clared duly elected. Here his high character illustrious legal characters who have rendered Planned by thy wisdom, by thy soul informed;

for integrity, with his dignified and energetic eminent service to the cause of religion. Like Thomson's AUTCMX, oratory, soon gained him many friends and Lord Chief Justice Hale, of England, and Lord

admirers. His friendship was eagerly courted Hailes, of Scotland, he unfolded the sacred

by men of the highest rank, who had any pre- truths of revelation with that profound know. The subject of this biographical sketch was

tensions to taste and genius. In 1725 he was ledge which his education and habits enabled bom at Culloden House, County of Inverness, appointed Lord Advocate ; in this high office him to do; and as he could not be suspected in the year 1685, and is well entitled to be ranked he acted with fidelity to the government, and of interested motives (a charge too often unamong the most distinguished characters which with mildness and compassion to the people. justly made against zealous clergymen), his Scotland has produced. Viewed as a lawyer, His elder brother dying in 1735, he succeeded arguments came with irresistible force. There a legislator, a judge, a patriot, a Christian, and

to the estates of Culloden, &c., and two years is some reason to conclude that, in early life, a man, few individuals have appeared possess afterwards was promoted to the highest legal Forbes was sceptically inclined, from a belief ing such a combination of splendid talents and situation in Scotland-Lord President of the that there were many contradictions to be genuine worth. The family from whom he Court of Session. On his appointment as found in the sacred volume. But being earwas descended are mentioned in the earliest Lord President he introduced into the Court nestly desirous to be satisfied of its truth, he records of the country, as one of considerable many regulations highly beneficial to the studied the Scriptures in their original lanimportance. Alexander de Forbes, a man of suitors, and also preserved the greatest de- guages. Having become master of the Hebrew great magnanimity and courage, was Governor

corum on the bench ; no judge ever made tongue, he, during the vacations of the Court of the Castle of Urquhart, which he gallantly greater allowance for human frailties; but of Session, retired to his house at Culloden, defended against Edward I. of England, to

with him villainy met with no quarter. His and read his Hebrew Bible no less than eight the very last extremity; after a lengthened friends he loved, but nerer was known to give times over. He became a champion in the resistance the fortress was taken by storm, and them appointments they were not well qualified cause of Christianity, and wrote in its defence the whole garrison, including Forbes, and all

to fill.

During his first year on the bench he against Tindal. He tried the Scriptures by a his sons, were put to the sword. His lady decided a number of cases that had been de- strict examination, by a cool and impartial in

soon afterwards delivered of a sou, pending from twelve to thirty years, and his quiry, and fully reconciled them to his reason, named Alexander, who, while a youth, per decisions to the present time are appealed to as the words of life eternal. In this rational formed many heroic deeds under Robert

as the highest authorities. At the bar he was mode of investigation, it has been said, that Bruce. In the time of Cromwell, one of looked up to as a father, his conduct was so the late excellent Sir William Jones adopted his descendants was a merchant in Inver- courteous; at the same time, he never allowed Forbes as his model. What Forbes has written ness, who, by his enterprising and industrious those improper liberties which counsel are too discovers genuine erudition, and great judg, conduct

, acquired sufficient means to purchase ready to indulge. He was active in promo- ment on the subjects of natural and revealed the estate of Culloden. His grandson consi- ting trade and manufactures, agriculture and religion-on some important discoveries in phiilerably enlarged the property; he had two

the fisheries; in short, he was unwearied in losophy and theology, and concerning the sources sons who were educated at King's College, his exertions in every possible way to promote of incredulity ; the latter is addressed to a Old Aberdeen, where they distinguished them- the real interest and good of his country. bishop. What he published to the world he selves as diligent students and excellent scho

When the standard of rebellion was again exemplified in his own life, not teaching only, lars, although participating in all the excesses

unfurled in 1745, he was zealously engaged but also practising religion. After his lamented of youth ; certainly not much to their credit

, in preventing the Highland chiefs, with their death the faculty of advocates at the Scotch both had the reputation of being the two

tails (followers), from joining in the mad at- bar paid a high compliment to his memory, by greatest topers in the north. Duncan, the

tempt of the Chevalier to regain the throne of erecting an admirable statue, by Roubiliac, in second son, had a wish to join the army, but his fathers. Through his exertions in assisting the Court where he had presided (formerly the was persuaded by his friends to enter into the government to suppress the rebellion, he Parliament House). Under the statue is the business. From losses at sea, and a want of impaired and almost ruined his private for- following inscription : discrimination in giving credit, his patrimony | tune; but renown was his only reward-no (10,000 marks, Scotch *) was soon exhausted, blushing honours were pressed upon him. Soon DUNCANO FORBES DE CULLODEN, when he relinquished commercial avocations, and betook himself to the study of the civil tle of Culloden, the Lord President came to after the victory, or rather butchery, of the bat

SUPREMÆ IN CIVILIBUS Curie PRESIDI; and municipal law of Scotland. When twenty, London. Great as his exertions were in sup

Judici INTEGERRINO; three years old he was admitted a member of

Civı OPTIMO; the Scotch bar. Stimulated with an ardent porting the family on the throne, and ardent desire to excel, he soon attracted considerable mind revolted at, and led him to protest as his zeal was in its cause, his magnanimous

Prisce VIRTUTIS VIRO; notice as an advocate. His manly eloquence was never prostituted to promote a bad cause, of Cumberland, and the uncalled for severity

against, the sanguinary conduct of the Duke FACULTAS JURIDICA Libexs Posuit. and his well-known integrity of conduct gave exercised by government upon the deluded

Anno Post OBITUM QUINTO. immense weight to his speeches, both with the

C. N.-MDCCLI. victims of the infatuated Stuarts; and on his judges and the juries.

R. During the rebellion, 1715, he joined his with marked indifference. The King put the

appearance at Court George II. received him elder brother, with some other Highland families who espoused the cause of the House of Lord President, that a party of the Duke's following question to him :-"Is it true, my

TO OPPRESSION. Hanover, and was very instrumental in per-army (after the battle was over) killed certain suading many from joining the Stuart party: supposed rebels who had Aed for safety into Oppression! I have seen thee, face to face, John, Duke of Argyle and Greenwich, who at that time commanded the King's troops in

the Court of Culloden House ?” The reply And met thy cruel eye and cloudy brow; Scotland, was so convinced of the honesty of was, “Your Majesty, I wish I could say No." But thy soul-withering glance I fear not now,

Here ended his favour at Court; and on the For dread to prouder feelings doth give place his zeal and great usefulness, that he bestowed 12th of the following December his Lordship Of slavish knees, that near thy footstool bow,

Of deep abhorrence! Scorning the disgrace on him many tokens of affection and esteem, died, in the 60th year of his age, leaving his I also kneel-but with far other vow and afterwards proffered him the management family in very embarrassed circumstances, Do hail thee and thy herd of birelings base. lary. Forbes declined accepting of the latter

, solely from the large pecuniary advances he I swear, while life-blood warms my thirobbing

had made in suppressing the rebellion. A few veins, but undertook the task of conducting his afyairs on the sole consideration that his Grace years after his death his son obtained from Still to oppose and thwart, with heart and hand, would treat him as a friend. In 1722, Mr. I government, as a compensation for his father's Thy brutalizing sway, till Afric's chains

exertions, liberty on his lands to distill spirits Are burst, and freedom rules the rescued land, Forhes stood a contest to represent a northern free of duty, and without being under the Trampling oppression and his iron rod :

surveillance of the excise. Hence originated Such is the vow I take-So help me God! * About £550. the far-famed “ Ferintosh whiskey." This

Pringle's Ephene ide


large green cloth, a large myrtle, and other indeed for it to iniss. Its approach to the fly Numerous tales have been told of the coloured substances, but I could never find is at first slow and circumspect; when within chameleon ; some too improbable to be be that there was ever any connexion between the a proper distance, the mouth is opened, and lieved, and others too inconsistent to be recon

colour assumed by the creature and that of the the tongue protruded slowly for about an inch; ciled with each other, or with truth. Amidst substance. Once, indeed, there was the sem- beyond this it is darted with great celerity, al this diversity of statement, very little appears the outside of 'the window, it became so much by some, who have said it is more rapid than

blance of this; for having made its escape to though not so swiftly as has been represented to have been known, with certainty, respecting like the stones (black and white) as to escape could

be followed by the eye. the character and habits of this singular creatuxe. Every opportunity, therefore, which pre known it to assume exactly the same colours pointed ; but when it is darted forward after

observation for a considerable time; but I have “The extremity of the tongue is flat and sents itself of increasing our scanty, knowledge when under very different circumstances and the fly, the extremity is formed into the shape may formerly have entertained, deserves to be surrounded by substances of a different colour. of a large pea, the middle being the most prohighly valued. It is on these accounts that it was kept under no more restraint than the jecting part. "To this the fly adheres by the we have perused with very great interest, a

limits of a large room afforded, but after con- tenacity of the mucus with which it is conpaper by Mr. J. Couch, F.L.s., inserted in the tinuing for hours on a green or scarlet cloth, veyed, and is instantly withdrawn into the Imperial Magazine, which contains a register or on green vegetables, I never saw it assume mouth. The fly must be always on some fixed of observations made by him on a chameleon those colours when so situated; nor, indeed, object, and nearly, if not quitė, at rest, before which lived in his possession four months, a

did I ever see it assume the scarlet at all." the chameleon will attempt to take it; and I longer period than any one was ever known to

Another error which these observations have have seen it repeatedly protrude and retract live in England before.

corrected, is, that the chameleon does not its tongue as the fly has been in motion, until, This animal measured ten inches in length, drink. This had been affirmed by Mr. Jack- at last, it has either seized it, or given up the of which the tail was four inches and a hall! son, who attended to the habits of this crea- attempt altogether.” It was embarked on board a ship at Cadiz, ture in its native country: but Mr. Couch has In moist weather, it became sluggish, sleepwith several others, the greater part of which

seen it drink several times while in his pos- ing nearly all the day, and scarcely moving died during the voyage; and came into the session, and describes its action as that of lap- when awake. Its great delight was in bright possession of Mr. Couch about the end of July, ping, lifting up the head, and swallowing by sunshine ; but the light and heat of a fire did in perfect health. He observes that the cha: repeated efforts.

not seem acceptable to it. As the weather meleon moves rather slowly, especially on the

“ It was a fortnight in my possession,” he became colder, it increased in torpidity; and ground. Its most favourite place of resort is remarks, before I saw it take a fly; but the heat of the fire appeared to have no influa bush, or branched stick, along which it ad afterwards it not only took all

that came in its

ence except in causing it to become a little vances with great circumspection-never losing way, but would seize them as fast as the chil- darker at the part presented to the heat. On its hold with one hand (as its singularly formed dren could take and bring them; it even be the 5th of December it was found dead, and feet may well be termed), until it has secured

came so tame as to take them repeatedly out of a dark colour. a certain grasp with the others. The tail, in of my hand. I was thus enabled to measure The public are much indebted to Mr. Couch the mean while, is employed in holding fast, the distance to which it could dart its tongue for his care in making and registering his obby twisting round the branch on which it is for the purpose of taking its prey, which I servations, and for the facts which he has advancing. The prehensile tail is particularly ascertained to be six inches, rather more than communicated to illustrate the character and useful in preserving the body erect; for which the length of its body, although the more usual habits of this singular animal.

distance is about threc inches. It is very rare purpose, when on a slender twig, the feet alone are not always sufficient. But it is the colour of this animal, as our readers well know, which has long been regarded as the most interesting part of its history, and concerning which the most wonderful stories have been warrated, most of them, however, resolving themselves into this, that upon whatever substance the chameleon was placed, it never failed to assume, in a short time, the colour of that substance. This notion, the observations of Mr. Couch completely disprove, although they confirm the fact that the colour of the animal is really “ subject to never-ceasing variations," and that these changes are noticeable in the minute tubercles with which the body is covered, and not in the interstices. Its most common colour, when enjoying itself in its favourite occupation of basking in the sun, is that of a dingy black, nearly approaching to the colour of soot; and a light or whitish yellow is that which it assumes while asleep; yet it is remarkable that it rarely retains the same hue for ten minutes together, and the changes it undergoes are perfectly astonishing, and appear to be altogether unaccountable. These changes, it would seem, are often independent of the volition of the animal; for they

HADLEIGH CASTLE, ESSEX. occurred during its sleep as fully and as decidedly as when it was awake. Sometimes brated and strongly fortified castle, the built of stone, and almost of an oval form.

These are the ruins of a once cele-pect across the Thames into Kent. It is they were produced by the approach of a lighted candle ; sometimes by the presence or

remains of which, though very scanty, Some idea may be formed of its strength absence of the solar rays; sometimes by con- attest its former magnificence. The name from the fact, that the walls in the lower tact with another substance, as the touch of Hadleigh is said to be of Saxon deriva- parts of the tower are nine feet thick; the thermometer, when it was desired to as- tion, and to signify “high pasture;” and the cement or mortar by which they are certain its temperature: in all these cases the this interpretation certainly agrees very bound together being as hard as the colours were various, and the changes more or exactly with the situation of the place. stones themselves, and composed of a suming the colɔur of the substance on which it The castle, of which one venerable round mixture of shells of sea-fish and other enrests, is here shown to be false. “It has passed tower is the chief remains, is situated on during materials. It was built by Hubert over and rested,” observes Mr. Couch,“ the brow of a steep eminence, from de Burgh, Earl of Kent, in the reign of sarpets variegated with different colours, a) whence it commands a delightful pros Henry the Third, and by his permission.



It lasted, however, but a short time in the Glistening with dew; fragrant the fertile earth comes by them? I know it is a received doctrine

that men have native ideas, and original characters possession of its founder ; for, on his After sofi showers ; and sweet the coming on losing the favour of his sovereign, the with this her solemn bird, and this fair moon, Of gratesul evening mild ; then silent night stamped upon their minds in their rery first being.

Locke's Essay, Book xi., c. 1. castle was confiscated, and ever after held And these the gems of heaven, her starry train.

POPE. by the crown until Henry the Eighth, who


How happy is the blameless vestal's lot! granted it, with the possessions connected

Mark that suift arrow ! how it cuts the air! The world forgetting, by the world forgot ; with it, to Anne of Cleves, his forsaken

How it outruns the following eye!

Eternal sunshine of the spotless mind! queen, for her maintenance.

Use all persuasions now and try

Each pray'r accepted, and each wish resign'd;
If thou canst call it buck, or stay it there.

Labour and rest that equal periods keep;
That way it went; but thou shult find

Obedient slumbers that can wake and ueep ;
No track is left behind.

Desires compos'd, affections ever ev'n ; MERITS OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

Fool! 'tis thy life, and the fond archer thou.

Tears that delight, and sighs that waft to heav'n. Of all the time thou'st shot awuy

Grace shines around her with serenest beams, I'll bid thee fetch but yesterday.

And whispering angels prompt her golden dreams.
"Mortalia enncta peribant
And it shall be too hard a task to do.

For her th' unfading rose of Eden blooms,
Nedam sermonum stet bonus, et gratia vivax.”
Hor. Ars. Poct.

And wings of seraphs shed divine perfumes.
Translators of the BIBLE.

And they made ready the present against Joseph
The rage for novelty which has distin-
came at noon: for they heard that they should eat

Let Indians, and the gay, like Indians, fond guished this nation of late years has, perhaps, bread there. no where shown itself more unequivocally brought him the present which was in their hand into

And when Joseph came home they of feather'd fopperies, the sun adore ;

Darkness has more divinity for me ; than in the changes which have taken place the house, and bowed themselves to him to the earth. It strikes thought inward, it drives back the soul in our language. The simple beauties which And he asked them of their welfare, and said, Is

To settle on herself, our point supreme. were the pride of its youth seem now to be your futher well, the old man of whom ye spake? Is There lies our theatre: there sits our judge. totally despised, and superseded by a host of he yet alive? And they answered, Thy servant our

Darkness the curtain drops o'er life's dull scene; new-langled refinements from continental father is in good health, he is yet alive. And they 'Tis the kind hand of Providence stretch'd out neighbours, insomuch that if some of our old bowed down their heads, and made obeisance. And Twist man and vanity; 'tis reason's reign, forefathers could come from their graves, and he lift up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin, his And virtue's too ; these tutelary shades open the publications which generally lie on the mother's son, and said, Is this your younger brother, Are man's asylum from the tainted throng. tables of our reading-rooms, they would be of whom ye spake unto me? And he said, God be Night is the good man's friend, and guardian too.

Gen. xlii. 25-29. It no less rescues virtue, than inspires. some time in determining in what language gracious unto thee, my son.

Then when Mary was come where Jesus was, and they were written. Nor is this habit of bor

Swift. saw him, she fell down at his feet, saying unto him, rowing terms confined to ourselves: some

Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not Wisdom is a for, who, after long hunting, will at times, on the other hand, we lend some of our died. When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and last cost you the pains to dig out. 'Tis a cheese, own to enrich the vocabulary of our neigh- the Jews also weeping which came with her, he which by how much the richer has the thicker, the bours. We understand, for example, that the grouned in the spirit, and was troubled. And said, homelier, and the coarser coat; and whereof, to a French have of late adopted our word comfort, Where have ye laid him? They said unto him, judicious palate, the maggots are the best.

'Tis a which (for obvious reasons) had no place in their Lord, come and see. Jesus wept. Then suid the sack posset, wherein the deeper you go you will nomenclature. On hearing of this fact, we were Jews, Behold how he loved him! John xi. 32–36. find it the sweeter. But then, lastly, 'tis a nut, naturally led to ask ourselves what we had re


which, unless you choose with judgment, may cost ceived in return; and the first words which oc

you a tooth, and pay you with nothing but a worm. curred to us were, etiquette and ennui! If

These as they change, Almighty Father! these this instance may be considered as indicating is full of thee. Forth in the pleasing spring Are but the varied God. The rolling year

ROBERTSON. the ordinary par of exchange between us, we thy beauty walks, thy tenderness and love.

This great emperor, in the plenitude of his power, fear we are not likely to gain much by our

and in possession of all the honors which can Il'ide flush the fields; the sofi'ning air is balm, bargains.

fatter the heart of man, took the extraordinary reEcho the mountains round; the forest smiles :

solution to resign his kingdom; and to withdraw It is the object of this article to show that And every sense and every heart is joy.

entirely from any concern in business or the affairs no necessity exists in our language for any Then comes thy glory in the surmer months,

of this world, in order that he might spend the resuch interpolations as we have alluded to, With light and heat refulgent. Then thy sun

matnder of his days in retirement and solitude.and we accordingly subjoin some instances Shoots full perfection through the swelling year. Dioclesian is, perhaps, the only prince, capable of furnished by Turner, in his History of the


holding the reins of government, who ever resigned Anglo-Saxons, tending to show the strength

them from deliberate choice, and who continued and copiousness of the original English lan

I was yesterday, about sun-set, walking in the during many years to enjoy the tranquillity of reguage, and the degree of its prevalence in dif- open fields, till the night insensibly fell upon me.

tirement, without fetching one penitent sigh, or

at first amused myself with all the richness and casting back one look of desire towards the power or ferent eras of our literature.

variety of colours which appeared in the western dignity which he had abandoned. The great proof of the copiousness and parts of heaven. In proportion as they faded away

Charles V. power of the Anglo-Saxon language may be and went out, several stars and planets appeared, had from considering our own English, which one after another, till the whole firmament was in a

HUME. is principally Saxon. It may be interesting glow. The blueness of the æther was exceedingly

The beauties of her person, and graces of her to show this by taking some lines of our prin-heightened and enlivened by the season of the year. air, combined to make her the most amiable of cipal authors, and marking in Italics the


women ; and the charms of her address and conSaxon words they contain. Hard is the doubt, and difficult to deem,

versation aided the impression which her lovely SHAKSPEARE. When all three kinds of love together meet,

figure made on the heart af all beholders. Ambi

tious and active in her temper, yet inclined to To be or not to be, that is the question ; And do dispart the heart with power extreme, cheerfulness and society; of a lofty spirit, conIVhether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer

Whether shall weigh the balance down ; to weet stant and even vehement in her purpose, yet politic, The stings and arrows of outrageous fortune, The dear affection unto kindred sweet,

gentle, and affable, in her demeanor, she seemed Or to take arms against a sea of troubles, Or raging fire of love to woman kind,

to partake only so much of the male virtues as to And by opposing end them? To die, to sleep ; Or zeal of friends, combin'd with virtues meet :

render her estimable, without relinquishing those No more ! and by a sleep to say we end

But of them all the band of virtuous mind The heart-ach, and the thousand natural shocks Me seems the gentle heart should most assured bind. soft graces which compose the proper ornament of The flesh is heir to! 'tuere a consummation

Book iv., c. 9.

GIBBON. Devoutly to be wish'd. To die; to sleep ;

LOCKE. To sleep? perchance to dream!

In the second century of the Christian æra the Every man, being conscious to himself, that he empire of Rome comprehended the fairest part of MILTON.

her sex.

thinks, and that, which his mind is applied about the earth, and the most civilized portion of manWith thee conversing I forget all time,

whilst thinking, being the ideas that are there ; it is kind. The frontiers of that extensive monarchy All seasons, and their change ; all please alike. past doubt, that men have in their minds several were guarded by ancient renown and disciplined Sweet is the breath of morn, her rising sweet, ideas. Such as are those expressed by the words, valour. The gentle but powerful influence of laws With charm of earliest birds ; pleasant the sun whiteness, hardness, sweetness, thinking, motion, and manners had gradually cemented the union of When first on this delightful lund he spreads

elephant, army, drunkenness, and others. It the provinces. Their peaceful inhabitants enjoyed His orient beams on herb, tree, fruit, and flower, is in the first place, then, to be inquired, How he l and abused the advantages of wealth and luxury.


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