Page images

LORD CRAWFURD AND LINDSAY'S Edward Sugden has to say: “From the de- , take themselves off, even if afterwards they SLAVES.

preciation of West India property, and other should feel it necessary to return again to the

causes, the whole sum applicable to this pur same plantation." It is pretty generally known that a case of pose (the benefit of the slaves), at the present Let our readers only recollect, in connexion much apparent difficulty, and of much interest moment, was £750, and the trustees were with these remarks, that there was no estate to the friends of emancipation, has lately anxious to know what course they were to to which they had been attached, otherwise arisen in the Court of Chancery, in connex pursue !" We could confidently have sworn than casually, as a task-gang; and let them ion with the will of the late Lord Crawfurd to this, as the genuine production of Sir Ed further imagine the powerful inducements and Lindsay. We think the public notices of ward Sugden; so redolent is it of the learned which these poor creatures had to work for a this affair indicate, and are likely to propagate, gentleman's character. Let us now turn to

man who was now withholding from them a misapprehension of its facts; and we there- the eclaircissement contained in the Lord Chana £2,500, earned by the sweat of their brow, or, fore propose to state the case, according to in- cellor's judgment; it is stated as follows, by rather, by their blood; and they will be in no formation we have received from a gentleman the Morning Herald :

danger of being misled by these or any other who has resided for twenty-eight years in the

In the very outset of the observations statements from the same quarter, Every island of Antigua, and is intimately acquaint- which prefaced his decision, Lord Brougham proposition,” says he," has been madle that ed with the history of this estate during that very clearly showed,

that the instructed state- could be thought of to the slaves in this case; period. It will create some surprise to state, ment of Counsel had not revealed the whole but the idea of liberty so intoxicated them, that Lord Crawfurd and Lindsay never pos- truth ; for, although the fall in West India that they would listen to no terms whatever." sessed any land in the island, but that he property might have had some effect in keep-|(We leave Sir Edward Sugden and Sir Bethell leased a plantation from Clement Tudway, ing down the amount of the accumulated fund, Codrington to compare notes as to the indifferEsq., and purchased slaves to cultivate it. --which was to be divided among the negroes

ence of the slaves to liberty.Tourist, p. 63.) The disposition of this property, contemplated on their manumission, yet that was not the A melancholy proof how often it was, that the by his Lordship, may be learned from the fol- principal cause. What was the principal cause

best and kindest intentions of individuals were lowing extracts from his will, which have been of the present smallness of the fund will be lost on the subjects of them.” We cannot put into our hands. It bears date 31st July, best explained by the following words of his imagine any thing more disgusting than this 1816.

Lordship, who said he could not avoid ex crocodile sensibility: this man's “ tender mer" Whereas I took a certain part or parcel of pressing his regret that the conduct of the cies are cruel.” Surely, if the Lord Chancellor, land in the island of Antigua, upon lease, person who had the management of the slaves to whom this language was addressed, could refrom Clement Tudway, Esq. M. P., at the an of Lord Crawfurd had not been more carefully frain from manifesting his indignation, he nual rent of £600 sterling, which lease is to attended to. It appeared that this person had must have as entire a command of his own expire in the year 1819, I direct my execu let out the labours of the slaves for a long pe feelings as he has of those of others. tors to take another lease of the same land, of riod of time, and yet neglected altogether to ob

We will close this article with some remarks, his heir, for fourteen years; upon the expira- tain the price of their hire. It was, indeed, to which fell from his Lordship, in giving judga tion of the new lease from the heir of the late be deeply regretted, that this person had not ment. As to the capacity of the negro for the Clement Tud way, in the year 1833, to liberate been called to account, or that the executors of safe and rational enjoyment of freedom, his all my negro slaves, after they have been pro- the will had not striven to obtain justice against Lordship set that question at rest, by a referperly instructed in various trades, to make a just him for the benefit of the property. Had the ence to the history of Antigua itself. use of their freedom, and after they have been labour been fairly accounted for, and the pro “ He said, he had at that moment lying treated with all the humanity that reason and ceeds recovered, according to the benevolent before him copies of two despatches transmitjustice will allow. If the land can neither be intentions of the testator, the Court would not ted by the Governor of Antigua to the Secrerented or purchased, but at a most extrava now have been called on to interfere, as there tary of State for the colonies. In one of them gant price, I mean that my negroes should would not have been a question to dispute.! - it was stated that 200 negroes had been libebe kept at what is called task work, until the Thus the main difficulty in the case, which the rated in the year 1829. None of those slaves year 1833. All the rest and residue of my learned Counsel had dwelt on so much, arose were natives of the island, and yet nothing property whatsoever and wheresoever, I give not from the fall in West India produce, or could be more satisfactory than the accounts of one-half for the dispersion of the Bible through the perverseness of the slaves, but from the their conduct since they had been set free. The the world, in various languages, with the in misconduct of the person under whose man Governor observed, in his despatch, that they stitution and support of free schools and bene- agement those poor creatures had been placed. employed themselves with the most exemplary volent societies'; and one-half to my poor nc It appears that, owing to such misconduct, no industry in providing for their livelihood. The groes, to be divided among them, male and less than £2,500 was lost to the fund intended other despatch was not less satisfactory." female, share and share alike, in the year for the future maintenance of the negroes when 1833."

manumitted; and, be it observed, that this THE DYING IMPROVISATORE. At his Lordship's death, in 1825, the estate £2,500 was part of the hard earnings of the

Never, oh! never more, reverted to the proprietor, and the slaves, in negroes themselves.”

On thy Rome's purple heaven my eye shall dwell, number 144, were let on a lease, which was

This, however, the learned Counsel“ had Or watch the bright waves melt along thy shoreto expire in 1833, by Mr. John Farr, agent to abstained from stating, because it was almost

My Italy, farewell ! the executors of Lord Crawfurd, to Mr. William unnecessary, and would not assist his Lord

Alas! thy hills among, Burnthorn, proprietor of a plantation called ship's decision.”

Had I but left a memory of my name, Herberts. This arrangement now appeared to

Our readers will be sufficiently prepared by of love and grief one deep, true, fervent song, be lamentably ill-judged on the part of the this specimen of Sir Edward's ingenuity, for

Unto immortal fame! testator: Burnthorn leased some waste lands the following passage in his address :

But like a lute's brief tone, in the vicinity of his own estate, for the pur “ All the flattering prospects respecting the Like a rose-odour on the breezes cast, pose of employing the slaves. Being a task manumission of these slaves were utterly hope. Like a swift flush of day-spring, seen and gone, gang, as it is called, their own condition was less. Nothing could prevent these slaves from

So hath my spirit passed. worse than that of any other slaves in the claiming their freedom, and they knew it. It

Yet, yet remember me, island, having no home, and being merely had been proposed to lay out the fund to Friends, that upon its murmurs oft have hung, provided with temporary huts, erected by their which they were entitled for their general / When from my bosom, joyously and free, task-master. In addition to this, the latter, benefit, by erecting huts for them, and appor

The fiery mountain sprung. having no permanent proprietorship in them, tioning to each small plots of land, if they

Under the dark rich blue of course found it his interest to extort as would consent to remain together, and work of midnight heavens, and on the star-lit sea, much labour from thein as possible, during the on the estate; but they had all declared they And when woods kindle into spring's first hue, term of his contract. The result is sufficiently meant to avail themselves of their liberty, to

Sweet friends, remember me ! apparent in a decrease of their numbers, at separate, and to remain no longer on the es

And in the marble halls, the rate of 9 per cent. (though the circum tate where they had heretofore been located. Where life's full glow the dreams of beauty wear, stance of eighteen infants being included in A letter from a respectable person on the And poet-thoughts embodied light the walls, their present number proves their tendency island, well acquainted with the dispositions

Let me be with you there. to increase,) and in the fact, that of the re of the slaves, stated that it was quite unrea

Fain would I bind with you mainder, twelve are disabled a number nearly sonable to suppose that any thing could induce My memory with all glorious things to dwell; double the general average of the island ! the slaves on this estate to continue to work on Fain bid all lovely sounds my name renew --After this statement, let us hear what Sir it after next month-they would be sure to Sweet friends, bright land, farewell!


p. 924.

negroes to their former state of slavery. This in the legal possession of their personal liberty, THE TOURIST. attempt was resisted on the part of the negroes, to their former bondage, an object the attain

and it was not till after a severe struggle, and ment of which is said to have required the MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1833. dreadful slaughter, that they were again sacrifice of nearly 20,000 negro lives.

brought under the power of the cart-whip. The result, unfortunate as it was, does not

The accounts from the island immediately prove the unfitness of the slaves of Guadaloupe THE SAFETY OF IMMEDIATE EMAN

preceding this event were most satisfactory. for the liberty that had been granted to them; CIPATION.

The reports of the commissioners of different and which, as we have seen, was granted under

cantons to the local government speak of the circumstances of public disturbance particuNo. IV.

tranquillity which reigned in the agricultural larly unfavourable to their quiet enjoyment of ::}{idad

districts, and on the plantations; and the go- its blessings. When all those circumstances GUADALOUPE.

vernment, on the other hand, in its circular are taken into the view of emancipation, it is addresses to the commissioners, dwell upon it impossible not to feel that the case of Guada

most anxiously and sedulously, as an essential loupe is so far from justifying the anticipaIn prosecution of the design of our part of their duties, that, while they enforce tions of their opponents, that it furnishes an former articles under this head, we ex order and regularity among the labouring undeniable confirmation of the general protract the following account of the Island classes, they should maintain their just rights

, position maintained by the abolitionists, that of Guadaloupe, from the Report of and secure to them the full measure of the an act of emancipation by the supreme gothe late Committee of the House of remuneration to which they were entitled for vernment in quiet and peaceful times, accomLords. It is supplied by T. F. Buxton, their labours, punishing, with exemplary seve panied by such precautionary measures as

rity, proprietors who should be guilty of any would be obviously expedient, and not reEsq., and stands supported by an ample failure in this respect, or of any other conduct sisted, but acquiesced in, by the masters, body of documentary evidence, which our towards the labourers which should be incon- might be carried into complete effect without limits will not allow us to insert. It may sistent with the claims of humanity and jus- the slightest danger to the public tranquillity, be found by referring to the Report, froni tice. The regulations by which the rights and with the most unquestionable advantage

We esteem the following state- and privileges of the labourers were guarded to the slaves themselves. ment more conclusive to our point than were ordered, by the law, to be translated into any thing we could offer, and shall, there - the Creole dialect

, to be posted up in conspifore, insert it without note or comment.

cuous places, and to be read and explained

once a month on every estate. We have beGuadaloupe, in common with all the colo- fore us letter addressed by the Supreme nial possessions of France, partook of the con- Council of the colony, in February, 1802, to vulsions with which the revolution of 1792 so the Commissary Valluet of the Canton de violently agitated the mother country, and in Deshayes, to this effect :-"We have received, that colony the contests of the partisans of Citizen Commissary, your letter of the 6th inroyalism and democracy, and those of the stant, with the different returns relating to the white and coloured colonists, were carried on payment of their fourth to the cultivators. We with a fury which could not fail to excite the perceive, with pleasure, that you have devoted slaves, who from time to time were called in your attention to this most essential branch of to aid the contending parties. No insurrec- your administration. It is in exercising this tion, however, properly servile, followed ; and justice towards the men whose sweat is the the slaves who were not converted into com source both of our private and public wealth batants continued their usual labours. In that you can alone acquire a right to exert

THE JAGUAR. February, 1794, the French Convention passed your authority to enforce upon them the due

This is an American species of the a decree giving liberty to the slaves in all the performance of their duties. Continue, Citizen colonies of France. This decree was carried Commissary, to maintain that order in

felis. your

genus It grows to the size of the into effect in Guadaloupe, under certain local canton which now reigns universally through- wolf, or rather larger, and inhabits the regulations called La Police Rurale, which out the colony. We shall have the satisfac- hotter parts of South America. Its diswas administered, in the different districts of tion of having given an example which will position and habits seem to have been the island, by commissioners appointed by the prove that all classes of people may live in somewhat misrepresented by some emigovernment. By these regulations the labour- perfect harmony with each other under an ers were entitled to a fourth part of the pro- administration which secures justice to all who, it appears probable, confounded it

nent naturalists, especially by Buffon, duce of the estate which they were employed classes." in cultivating, independently of their food, In the Moniteur of 19 Germinal, an 10, with the ocelot, a much smaller and less which was wholly furnished from the estate. (April, 1802), there is inserted a communica formidable animal. He describes it as The only deductions to which this fourth part tion from Guadaloupe, dated in the preceding destructive to other quadrupeds, but as was liable, before it was divided in fixed pro- February, stating that all was perfectly tran- cowardly and flying at the approach of portions among the labourers, were the ex- quil in that colony, and that, although there man. This, however, is only true of such pences of a medical attendant and medicines, existed some anxieties (anxieties which

appear as have been observed near European and of packages for their own share of the to have been caused solely by the apprehen- colonies, where their natural ferocity has produce. All other expences of every kind, sions excited among the negroes by the news including taxes, were to be defrayed from the of the peace of Amiens, lest France should at

been somewhat modified. Humboldt other three-fourths. The shares of labourers tempt to restore slavery in Guadaloupe), yet mentions many instances of the ferocious absenting themselves from labour were to be every thing promised the peaceable re-estab- courage of the jaguar; amongst others reduced in proportion to the length of their lishment of lawful authority” (meaning, doubt the following:--An animal of this species absence, and the sums thus deducted were to less, the restoration of slavery and the cart- had seized a horse belonging to a farm in be added to the shares of those who had la- whip). Cultivation,” the writer adds, " has the province of Cumana, and dragged it boured regularly. Under these regulations, never been discontinued ; and although the agriculture appears to have flourished, after a last sugar-crop happened to be not very pro of the dying horse,” says Humboldt,

a considerable distance. vigorous government had repressed the furious ductive, yet there is now considerable produce intestine commotions among the different poli- in hand, and the next sugar-crop is likely to

“ awoke the slaves of the farm, who went tical parties of whites, and between the whites be large.”

out armed with lances and cutlasses. The and the free people of colour; and in April, In about two months from the date of this animal continued on its prey, awaited 1801, we have an enumeration of the planta communication a powerful French force, under their approach with firmness, and fell tions then under cultivation, amounting

to 390 Richepanse, disembarked in Guadaloupe ; and, only after a long and obstinate resistof sugar, 1,355 of coffee, and 328 of cotton, in a short time, by the indiscriminate massacre besides twenty-five pasture or grass farms. In of all who opposed his purpose, he reduced the

This fact, and a great many the succeeding year, on the peace of Amiens, whole body of the surviving negroes, whom others, verified on the spot, prove that a powerful French force was sent to take pos- the law of 1794 had emancipated, and who, the great jaguar of Terra Firma, like the session of Guadaloupe, 'and to reduce the during the intermediate eight years, had been (jaguaret of Paraguay, and the real tiger

". The groans


[ocr errors]

of Asia, does not flee from man when he plunges its head into the body of its is dared to close combat, and when he is victim, and sucks out the blood before it wife. At a subsequent visit he told her that not alarmed by the great number of his as- devours it. It generally lies in ambush his wife could discourse of nothing but the sailants. Naturalists are now agreed that near the side of rivers, and there is some

kindness of those good people of the Tower;

and that she had long studied, and at last be Buffon was entirely mistaken with respect times seen a singular combat between it thought her, of a handsome way of requital. to the largest of the feline genus in Ame- and the crocodile. When the jaguar “You have, quoth he, a pretty gentlerica. What that celebrated writer says comes to drink, the crocodile, ready to woman to your daughter, and I have a young of the cowardly tigers of the New Conti- seize any animal that approaches, raises nephew, who hath two or three hundred a year nent relates to the small ocelots; and we its head out of the water, upon which the in land, and is at my disposal. If your shall shortly see that, on the Oronoko, jaguar darts his talons into the eyes (the daughter be free, and you approve it, I will the real jaguar of South America some- only

vulnerable part) of the reptile. The bring him here to see her, and we will endeatimes leaps into the water to attack the latter instantly dives to the bottom, drag- assented to by old Mr. Edwards, who invited Indians in their canoes."

ging his enemy with him, where both the disguised ruffian to dine with him on that This animal, like the tiger, of which it generally perish together. Bday; the invitation was willingly accepted, bears the most distinguishing features,

de vaca

and Blood, taking upon him to say grace, persoup formed it with great seeming devotion, con

cluding his long-winded oration with a prayer og stupide for the king, queen, and royal family.

After dinner, he went up to see the rooms,

ga ziyani and seeing a handsome case of pistols hang ANOS DE

there, expressed a great desire to buy them to in ons la present to a young lord who was his neigh

abour ; but this was merely a pretence, by 250 ml de buwhich he thought to disarm the house, and

thus execute his design with less danger. At alati fogy his departure, which was with a canonical hargemenskap enton benediction of the good company, he appointed en dinget pad a day and hour for introducing his young 18 nephew to his future bride; and as he wished,

he said, to bring two friends with him, to see

the regalia, who were to leave town early on for that morning, the hour was fixed at about

seven o'clock.

On the appointed morning (viz. May 9th, 1671), the old man had got up ready to receive his guest, and the daughter had put herself into her best dress to entertain her gallant, when, behold, parson Blood, with three more, came to the jewel-house, all armed with rapier blades in their canes, and every one a dagger, and a pair of pocket pistols. Two of his companions entered in with him, and a third stayed at the door, it seems, for a watch.

Blood told Mr. Edwards that they would not go up stairs until his wife came, and desired him to show his friends the crown to pass

the time till then. This was complied with; THE JEWEL APARTMENT, TOWER OF LONDON. but no sooner had they entered the room where

the crown was kept, and the door, as usual, The above represents the Tower in inspected by the public generally. The daring been shut, than they threw a cloak over the which have long been deposited the in- attempt made by Blood to steal the crown is old man's head, and clapped a gag into his signia of England. One of the most re- one of the most extraordinary incidents that mouth, which was a great plug of wood, with markable occurrences connected with though the circumstances connected with this this was tied with a waxed leather, which went

ever happened within these walls; and, al- a small hole in the middle to take breath at; this place is the attempt to steal the desperate attempt have been frequently de- round his neck. At the same time they fastcrown in the reign of Charles II. The tailed, no account of the Tower can be deemed ened an iron hook to his nose, that no sound following notices of that event are taken complete without again briefly reciting them. might pass from him that way either. from Britton and Brayley's History of the

After Sir G. Talbot had been appointed Thus secured, they told him that their resoTower :

master of the jewel-house, he assigned the lution was to have the crown, globe, and scep

profits which arose from exhibiting the regalia tre; and, if he would quietly submit to it, they During the interregnum, the emoluments to an old confidential servant of his father, would spare his life, otherwise he was to exattached to the keeping of the regalia were named Talbot Edwards, who was still keeper pect no mercy. Notwithstanding this threat, enjoyed by Sir Henry Mildmay; but on at the time of the concerted robbery.

he forced himself to make all the noise that kis attainder, soon after the restoration of About three weeks prior to his attempt, possibly he could, to be heard above; they Charles II., the office was conferred upon Sir Blood, a disbanded officer of the Protectorate, then knocked him down with a wooden mallet, Gilbert Talbot; when, at the instance of the went to the Tower in the habit of a parson, and told him, that if yet he would lie quiet, Lord Chancellor Hyde, many of the perquisites with a long cloak, cassock, and canonical they would spare his life, but if not, upon his were either abolished, or came into other hands. girdle,” accompanied by a woman whom he next attempt to discover them, they would kill Notwithstanding those deductions, the pecu- called his wife; his real wife being then in him, and pointed three daggers at his breast. niary advantages, in the same reign, amounted Lancashire. The lady requested to see the Mr. Edwards, however, by his own account, to £1300 annually. Since that period, all the crown, and her wish having been gratified, she was not yet intimidated, but strained himself to duties and perquisites attached to the custody feigned “a qualm upon her stomach,” and make the greater noise. In consequence, they of the regalia have been either abolished, or Mrs. Edwards, after giving her some spirits at gave him nine or ten strokes more upon the have merged into the office of the Lord Cham- her husband's request, courteously invited her head with the mallet (for so many bruises berlain.

to repose herself upon a bed. She soon re were found upon the skull), and stabbed him Shortly after the appointment of Sir Gilbert covered ; and, at their departure, they seemed into the belly. This ferocious treatment occaTalbot, and in consequence of the above-men- very thankful for this civility.

sioned the old man, now almost eighty years of tioned reduction in the official perquisites, the After an interval of a few days, Blood re-. age, to swoon ; and he lay some time in so regalia in the Tower was first allowed to be I turned, and gave Mrs. Edwards four pair of senseless a condition, that one of the mis


upon the wharf.

creants said, “He is dead, I'll warrant him." swim ; that the cause of this resolution, in generally find a luegi (as it is called) ready Edwards, who had come a little to himself, himself and others, was, his majesty's severity prepared-two stones standing up on end, heard his words, and, conceiving it best to be over the consciences of the godly, in suppress with sufficient space between them to see thought so, lay quietly.

ing the freedom of their religious assemblies; through without being seen; there one of the The rich prize was now within the villains' but that, when he had taken his stand among hunters creeps, unperceived, without his gun, grasp, and one of them, named Parrot, put the the reeds for that purpose, his heart was and, carefully observing every way with his orb into his breeches; Blood held the crown checked by an awe of majesty ; which made spy-glass, directs his companions by sigus. under his cloak; and the third was proceeding him not only to relent himself, but likewise to The utmost circumspection and patience are to file the sceptre in two, in order that it might divert his associates from their design. requisite on the part of the hunter when apbe put into a bag, because too long to carry, When further questioned, as to those asso- proaching his game; a windward situation when their proceedings were interrupted by ciates, he replied, that he would never betray would infallibly betray him by the scent; he the unexpected arrival of a son of Mr. Ed a friend's life, nor ever deny a guilt in defence creeps on from one hiding rock to another, wards, from Flanders, who, having first spoken of his own. At the same time he told the with his shirt over his clothes, and lies motionto the person who stood on the watch at the king, that he knew these confessions had laid less in the snow, often for half an hour togedoor, went up stairs to salute his relations. him open to the utmost rigour of the law; ther, when the herd appears alarmed and near Seizing the opportunity, the ruffians instantly but that there were hundreds of his friends, taking flight. Whenever he is near enough hasted

away with the crown and orh, leaving yet undiscovered, who were all bound, by the to distinguish the bending of the horns, that is, the sceptre unfiled.

indispensable oaths of conspirators, to revenge about the distance of 200 or 250 steps, he takes The old keeper now raised himself, and, each other's death upon those who should aim; but if, at the moment of raising his freeing his mouth from the gag, cried, “ Trea- bring them to justice; which would expose piece, the chamois should look towards him, he son!-murder !” which being heard by his his majesty, and all his ministers, to the daily must remain perfectly still : the least motion daughter, she rushed out of doors and reite- fear and expectation of a massacre. But, on would put them to flight before he could fire, rated the cry, with the addition, “The crown the other side, if his majesty would spare the and he is too far to risk a shot otherwise than is stolen !" The alarm being thus given, | lives of a few, he might oblige the hearts of at rest. In taking aim, he endeavours to pick young Edwards and Captain Beckman, his many; who, as they had been seen to do out the darkest coat, which is always the fattest brother-in-law, pursued the robbers, who were daring mischief, would be as bold, is received animal ; this darkness is only comparative, for advanced beyond the main guard [at the into pardon and favour, to perform eminent the colour of the animal varies continually, White Tower], and were hastening towards services for the crown.

between light bay in summer, and dark brown, the draw-bridge. Here the Warder put him After this examination, Blood and his ac or even black, in winter. Accustomed as the self in posture to stop them ; but, on Blood complices were remanded to the Tower, there chamois are to frequent and loud detonations firing a pistol at him, he fell, althongh unhurt, to be kept as close prisoners; but, to the sur among the glaciers, they do not mind the and the thieves got safe to the little Ward- prise of the nation, they were all subsequently report of the arms so much as the smell of house Gate, where one Sill, who had been a pardoned and released. Blood himself had gunpowder, or the sight of a man; there are soldier under Cromwell, stood sentinel; but landed property granted to him, in Ireland, to instances of the hunter having time to load he offering no opposition, they passed over the the amount of £500 per annum; and was again, and fire a second time, after missing draw-bridge, and through the outward gate likewise admitted into all the privacy and inti- the first, if not seen. No one but a sportsman

Horses were stationed for macy of the court, in which he industriously can understand the joy of him who, after so them at St. Katharine's Gate, called the Iron employed his influence, and became a most much toil, sees his prey fall; with shouts of Gate, and, as they ran that way, they raised successful solicitor in others' behalf ; but many savage triumph he springs to seize it

, up to the cry of“ Stop the rogues !” by which device gentlemen courted his acquaintance as the his knees in snow, dispatches the victim if he they proceeded, unopposed, until overtaken by Indians pray to the devils, that they may not finds him not quite dead, and often swallows a Captain Beckman, at whose head Blood dis-hurt them.

draught of warm blood, deemed a specific charged his second pistol; but the captain

against giddiness. He then guts the beast avoided the shot by stooping down, and im


to lessen its weight, ties the feet together, and mediately seized the ruffian. The crown was

then proceeds down the mountain, much still beneath his cloak; and, although every Chamois are very fearful, certainly not lighter for the additional load he carries. chance of escape was now over, he struggled without sufficient cause; and their sense of When the day is not too far spent, the huntvigorously to retain his prey; and, when it smell and sight being most acute, it is ex ers, hiding carefully their game, continue the was wrested from him, said, " It was a gallant tremely difficult to approach them within the chase. At home, the chamois is cut up, and attempt, howsoever unsuccessful; for it was for range of a shot. They are sometimes hunted the pieces salted or smoked; the skin is sold to a crown!"

with dogs, but oftener without, as dogs drive make gloves or leather breeches; and the In this “robustious struggle” a large pearl, a them away to places where it is difficult to horns are hung up as a trophy in the family. fair diamond, and a number of smaller stones, follow them. When a dog is used, he is to be A middle-sized chamois weighs from fifty to were bulged from the crown; but both the led silently to the track, which he will never seventy pounds, and, when in good case, yields former, and several of the latter, were subse- afterwards lose, the scent being very strong. as much as seven pounds of fat. Not unfrequently picked up and restored; the ballas The hunter, in the meantime, chooses a proper quently the best marksman is selected to lie in ruby, which had been broken off the sceptre, station to lay in wait for the game---some wait for the game, while his associates, leaving was found in Parrot's pocket, so that nothing narrow pass through which its flight will most their rifles loaded by him, and acting the part of considerable value was eventually lost. likely be directed.

of hounds, drive it towards the spot, SomeParrot (who had been a silk-dyer in Thames More frequently the hunter follows his dog, times, when the passage is too narrow, a Street, and afterwards a lieutenant in the par- with which he easily keeps pace by taking a chamois, reduced to the lat extremity, will liament's service) was stopped by a servant; straighter direction, but calls him back in rush headlong on the foe, whose only resource, and Hunt, Blood's son-in-law, who had been about an hour, when he judges the chamois to to avoid the encounter, which, on the brink of waiting with the lorses, was soon afterwards be a good deal exhausted, and inclined to lie precipices, must be fatal, is to lie down immeseized, together with two others of the party. down to rest; it is then approached with less diately, and let the frightened animal pass

The attempted robbery was immediately difficulty. An old male will frequently over him. There was once an instance of a made known to the king, who commanded against the dog when pursued, and, while herd of fourteen chamois which, being hard that the two persons first seized, and who had keeping him at bay, allows the hunter to ap- pressed, rushed down a precipice to certain been lodged in the White Tower, should be proach very near.

death rather than be taken. It is wonderful examined in his own presence at Whitehall. Hunters, two or three in company, generally to see them climb abrupt and naked rocks, - This circumstance is supposed to have saved proceed without dogs. They carry a sharp and leap from one narrow cliff to another, the them from the gallows.

hoe to cut steps in the ice, each his rifle, hooks smallest projection serving them for a point of During his examination, Blood behaved to be fastened to his shoes, a mountain-stick rest, upon which they alight, but only just to with the most unblushing effrontery. He not with a piece of iron, and in his pouch a short take another spring. Their agility made people only acknowledged having been the leader in spy-glass, barley cakes, cheese, and brandy believe formerly that they could support theman atrocious attempt upon the life of the Duke made of gentian or cherries. Sleeping the selves by means of their hooked horns. They of Ormond (whom he had intended to hang first night at some of those upper chalets have been known to take leaps of twenty-five at Tyburn), but also avowed that he had been which are left open at all times, and always feet down hill, over fields of snow. engaged w kill his majesty himself, with a provided with a little dry wood for a fire, they The leader of the herd is always an old carbine, from among the reeds, by the Thames' reach their hunting-grounds at day-light

. female, never a male. She stands watching side, above Battersea, where he often went to | There, on some commanding situation, they when the others lie down, and rests when they

[ocr errors]




are up at feed; listening to every sound, and sent, confine ourselves to the evidence of Mr. tremely filthy, that was at Halfway Tree, near my anxiously looking around. She often ascends Wildman, the proprietor of three estates, and

own house; I had occasion to commit a negro a fragment of rock, or heap of drifted snow, of 640 slaves, respecting the extent and nature there, and she was reported to me to be in so bad for a wide field of observation, making a sort of the punishments indicted in Jamaica. The a state, I made a point of inspecting the gaol in of gentle hissing noise when she suspects any law referred to in his replies is still in force. consequence, and found it in a most filthy state, danger; but when the sound rises to a sharper The clause respecting punishment was included inquisition ; they were actually tortured there ; note, the whole troop flies at once, like the in the Act of 1831.

the mode of flogging was to put a rope round each wind, to some more remote and higher part of

“What do you conceive was the limitation of wrist, and a rope round each ancle, and then they the mountain. The death of this old leader your power in Jamaica at the time, as to punish were what the sailors call bowsed out with a tackle is generally fatal to the herd. Their fondness

ment of the slaves ?-If I had stuck to the law, and pullies. for salt makes them frequent salt springs and which is not usually the case, either one side or “ Did you make any complaint of this state of salt marshes, where hunters lie in wait for the other, I might have given them thirty-nine the workhouse in St. Ann's ?-I did to the custos them. The latter practise also a very odd lashes with the whip; I punished him with a small and to the parish generally, guerre. Having observed the chamois cat made of string with six tails to it.

“What was the result of that complaint ?- The -are apt to approach cattle on the pastures, and "As you were permitted with respect to law, result was, that the system of the block and tackle graze near them, a hunter will crawl on all might you have given to the extent of thirty-nine was defended as being a humane practice, that it fours towards cattle, with salt spread on his lashes altogether if any thing displeased you, or prevented their turning; but, when I went to examine back, to attract the cattle, and is immediately I liked, for looking at me.

must it have been for some legal offence?-Just as the gaol, a negro was called to come and lie down, surrounded and hid by them so completely,

that I might see how it was done ; a skin was put

“ That you understood to be the law at that time? | down on the gravel, he was laid upon the skin, and that he finds no dificulty in advancing very - Decidedly ; I was the sole judge when a man

then this tackle was applied to him ; and, though I near the chamois, and taking a sure aim. At should be punished, and to what extent, provided was looking on, and several others at the time, a other times a hunter, when discovered, will it was not beyond that ; that was the nominal negro took hold of the rope to draw it up, the man drive his stick into the snow, and place his punishment I was restricted to by law; but per- gave a yell that quite made me start. hat on the top of it; then, creeping away, go sons do go far beyond the law constantly.

“ Was that from apprehension ?- From the acround another way, while the game remains “ Your understanding, and from your conversa

tual pain.”
intent on the same object, which it still sees tion with other gentlemen, you believe their under-
in the same place.- From Simond's Switzer-standing of the state of the law to be that, for

looking at you, a man might be punished with
thirty-nine lashes?—That I put as an extreme

case ; it was perfectly arbitrary ; and, if a slave

did any thing to offend his overseer or owner, he As the rose-tree is composed of the sweetest might do that.

flowers, and the sharpest thorns; as the heavens

* You understood that a man was not liable to are sometimes fair and sometimes overcast, alterREPORT FROM THE SELECT COMMITTEE OF be questioned for the exercise punishment with nately tempestuous and serene : so is the life of The House of COMMONS ON THE Extinc- in those limits ?-Certainly; he was answerable man intermingled with hopes and fears, with joys OF SLAVERY. London: Sherwood, to no one."

and sorrows, with pleasures and with pains.

Gilbert, and Piper. 1833.
Here is a commentary on the law of Jamai-

Friendship consists properly in mutual offices, Every abolitionist in the kingdom should ca, which, if read by the people of England, and a generous strife in alternate acts of kindness; immediately obtain this volume. The multi- will harrow up their soul, and sting them, by but he who does a kindness to an ungrateful perfarious and important information which it the thought of the negro's wrong, to effect his son, sets his

seal to a flint, and sows his seed supplies establishes the general correctness of speedy redemption.

upon the sand : upon the former he makes no imthe view which anti-slavery writers have been

One extract more, and we have done for the pression, and from the latter he finds no producaccustomed to give of the immorality of the present. The following is from Mr. Wildman's tion.—Dr. South. white, and the wretchedness of the black evidence, and may serve to show us what the Advice, like snow, the softer it falls, the longer population of the West Indies. The safety of kindness is which the negroes are reported by it dwells upon, and the deeper it sinks into the

heart.-COLERIDGE. immediate emancipation, may, more than this, the colonists to receive from their masters.

The ideas as well as children of our youth the fearful convulsions which are hazarded by “What are the punishments in use in the island often die before us; and our minds represent to its delay, is also distinctly affirmed by nume of Jamaica now?- They are very cruel ones. us those tombs to which we are approaching, rous, intelligent, and disinterested observers. “Will you state what they are ?-The general where, though the brass and marble remain, yet Accustomed as we have been to the examina-system of flogging is to give them a certain number the inscriptions are effaced by time, and the tion of documents bearing on this question, ful laceration or a dreadfui contusion ; and then our minds are laid on in fading colours, and, if

of stripes with a long whip, which inflict a dread-imagery moulders away. The pictures drawn in we have never met with one which supplies so complete a vindication of our cause, or enables they follow up that by a very severe flogging with not sometimes refreshed, vanish and disappear.-us so triumphantly to refute the unblushing plant, with small leaves like a myrtle-leaf, and falsehoods of our opponents. Let any person under every leaf a very sharp tough thorn, and

Dreams may be said to be the relaxation and

amusement of the soul when she is disencumbered be thoroughly acquainted with this volume, then, after that, they rub them with brine. and he need not fear the most subtle, talented,

of Ver machine ; her sports and recreations when

“ In what part have you known that practised ? she has laid her charge asleep.--Addison. and unflinching of the colonial advocates. - I can speak of it as having been practised in The shortest way to be rich is not by enlarging The West Indians must bitterly repent their every part of the island.

our estate, but by contracting our desires. having so clamorously demanded the appoint "To your own knowledge ?-I never saw it ment of this Committee. They meant it for done; I could not have borne it; but I have seen evil, but God has over-ruled it for good. Thus the slaves who have complained of its having been it frequently happens that the very means done, and shown me their persons; and my own

TO THE POET CAMPBELL. which vice employs for the accomplishment of Strike them a number of times with one, and then Campbell! I much have lov'd thy classic strain,

people have complained most woefully of it; they its designs are rendered subservient to the in- throw that away and take another ; also they punish Fraught with high thought, and fervid feeling terests of virtue. The reprint before us is pub- them in the bilboes in the most unmerciful manlished at a very cheap rate, and should be

Rousing young hearts to dare, and to endure extensively and rapidly circulated. The evi “ That is a species of stocks ?-Yes; there is an All things for truth and freedom ; to disdain dence of Messrs. Taylor, Wildman, and Aus- iron clamp goes round the foot, and it is put into Ambition's vulgar trophies—the vile train tin, in conjunction with that of the mission a bar, so that they may have ten or a dozen on the Of sordid baits, that servile souls allure; aries, Barry, Duncan, and Knibb, and of same bar; they let them out for their work, and Intent a nobler guerdon to secure, Admiral Fleming, will be found to supply a put them in again when that is over, and keep And live like those who have not lived in vain.

Ah! wherefore silent that inspiring shell, comprehensive, accurate, and heart-rending them for three weeks together., view of the state of the slave population. To

Can they recline at night ?-Yes, they do Round whieh our hearts with young entrancement

recline; the bench is an inclined plane, and the hung? this portion of the volume we would especially iron bar is along the bottom of it, when the foot is the thrilling chords thy touch can wake so well direct attention, though the colonial witnesses clamped on upon the iron bar, and the negro lies To patriot strains--why slumber they unstrung? will be found, on a careful examination, to back; the panishments in the workhouse also are what, though thou hast achieved a deathless bave materially served our cause. dreadful.

name, We purpose extracting from the Report in “Is the state of the gaols good in general ?--I | God and mankind have yet a holier claim! successive numbers of our work; and, at pre- have never been in any but one, and that was ex

T. P.



« PreviousContinue »