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OBSERVATIONS ON MAGNETISM. should have been as to electricity, had every | sides, he took refuge at Coaxden, and, entering BY DR. WILKINSON, OF BATH.

material substance equal conducting powers. the parlour where Mrs. Cogan was sitting

The same reasoning applies to caloric. Al alone, threw himself upon her protection. It Of the four active agents in Nature, viz. though, from the observations of Delaroche,

was then the fashion, as it was long afterwards, Light, Electricity, Caloric, and Magnetism, the Berard, Dulong, and Petit, we may consider for ladies to wear large hoops; and as no time science of the last has made the least progress. that the atoms of all the simple chemical ele was to be lost, the soldiers being at his heels, The principle of magnetism, as to its influence

ments have equal capacities for caloric, yet, in she hastily concealed him under this capacious on iron, was known many centuries anterior to the Christian æra; and, being supposed by their infinite variety of combinations, no two article of her dress. Mrs. Cogan was in her

affections a royalist, but her husband belonged Thales as resembling vitality, it appears that arrangements exactly accord. Also with re

to the opposite party, and was then out upon Plato, Aristotle, and Pliny, who mentioned it, spect to light, the undulatory system, which is were satisfied with this supposition.

more generally received, leads to the suppo- his estate. Observing the approach of the sol

sition that the ethereal luminous matter is so diers, he made towards his house, and entering Its polarity was not discovered till the twelfth diffused, as not only to occupy the intervals with them, they all walked into the room century: but who applied it to the great pur: between the particles of all material bodies, where the lady was sitting. Affecting surprise pose of navigation is not known; it is a point but also the substance itself; to allow of its at the intrusion, the men immediately anVenetians. The English Iny no claim to the impulses, each particle must be in juxtaposi- nounced their business, stating that Prince

tion: if, with Dr. Herschell, we suppose that Charles had been traced very near to the house, invention of the compass: they have the honour optical phenomena lead to the calculation of and as he must be concealed upon the pre

there being 37,640 undulations in one inch of mises, they were authorized to make a strict Mr. Norman in 1576 first remarked that the red light, the number of undulations in one

search for him. Assenting with apparent reanorth end of a needle, when magnetised, bas second of time will amount to 468 billions. diness to their object, Mrs. Cogan kept her a tendency to incline so as to form an angle From the experiments of Savart it appears that seat, whilst her husband accompanied the men below the horizon, called the dipping of the the ear can distinguish 24,000 vibrations in into every room; and, having searched the needle; which varies in different places, and

one second: and contemplating sounds as premises in vain, they took their departure, Mr. in the same place at different times. Thus, at London in 1576, the angle of inclination with vibrations similar to pendulous bodies

, it is Cogan going out with them. Being now re

easy to calculate that the number of vibrations leased from their singular and perilous situarespect to the horizon was 71° 50'; in 1718, in the wing of a gnat to produce its particular tion, the lady provided for the security of the between 74o and 75°. The more important dis: buzzing note will at least be 5,000 in one se- fugitive, until it was prudent for him to depart; covery was made by Sebastian Cabot, in 1500; cond. How many particles of hydrogen may and having furnished him with provisions and viz. the variation of the needle; the great va

be placed in the length of one inch! yet sound a change of apparel, he proceeded on his jourlue of which may be properly appreciated, by is transmitted 3,000 feet in one second through ney to Trent, and from thence to Brighthelmparticularising, its incalculable advantage in this gas; and to produce this sound, and to stone, then a poor fishing town, from whence navigation. The course of a ship on the sur

continue the communication, each distinct he embarked for France. Clarendon, who has face of our globe is a great circle ; and the partiele must have an oscillatory motion, with given an interesting narrative of his peregrinacourse steered is, that she makes the same

no other change of place than is requisite for tions, has omitted the above adventure, but it angle with the meridians over which she the transmission of its acquired impulse to the is well authenticated. After he had reached passes: if a vessel sails due north or south, contiguous particle.

the continent, Charles rewarded the lady's she evidently describes a great circle of the

Whether the principle of universal gravita- fidelity by sending her a handsome gold chain sphere or part of such a circle; or if due east tion, or the perturbations of the elliptic inotions and locket, having his arms on the reverse. or west, she cuts all the meridians at right of the planets, are referable to any material This relic was long preserved in the family, angles : in almost every instance, her course

agent, or to motion alone, would constitute a until the last possessor unfortunately exchangis oblique to these principal points, and under subject of interesting inquiry. Dr. Halley's ed it away for plate with a Jew at Exeter. such circumstances, by means of the compass theory of magnetic variation appears to ad- Repenting of this step, an attempt was made she can make the same angle with the meri- mit of an explanation upon the ingenious a few days afterwards to recover it back again, dians over which she passes, and the line deGeological System of Cordier.

but it was then too late; the purchaser having scribed is that curve known to mathematicians

It is with sincere pleasure that I observe reported, whether truly or otherwise, that he by the name of the nautical spiral or rhumb announced a Series of Lectures on Electro- had melted it down for the gold. The chain line.

Magnetism, by Mr. Addams. For perspicnity was long and massy, and is within the recolTill within these few years, magnetism was in explanation and dexterity in manipulation, lection of some of the family.-Wilson's Life supposed to be a principle contined to ferrugi- Mr. Addams is not excelled by any lecturer and Times of De Foe. nous bodies. The late brilliant electro-mag- To him every person in this city fond of sciennetic experiments have demonstrated the uni- tific research, ought to feel great obligations,

THE FAIR THIEF. versality of this principle, except in iron, for importing and concentrating the disco BEFORE the urchin well could go, which alone constitutes an imperfect con

She stole the whiteness of the snow; ductor of this surprising agent. From the veries made in different parts of the world, and agency of galvanism on copper wires, we are

And more that whiteness to adorn, illustrating them by an apparatus always supe

She stole the blushes of the morninduced to suppose that magnetism is more riorly constructed.

Stole all the sweets that ether sheds superficially distributed than electricity; yet

On primrose buds and violet beds. we are not justified hy experiments in stating, REMARKABLE ESCAPE OF CHARLES

Still to reveal her artful wiles, that its power is regulated by the extent of

She stole the Graces' silken smiles ;

THE SECOND. metallic surface. It is the most delicate test

She stole Aurora's balmy breath, of galvanism we possess: and, by late experi Of the parents of Richard Cogan, an anec

And pilfered orient pearls for teeth. ments, its reaction on electricity has elicited a dote still more remarkable is handed down by

The cherry, dipt in morning dew, galvanic spark.

Gave moisture to her lips and hue.
Perhaps the most astonishing the family. They were originally from Ire-

These were her infant spoils, a store experiment is that lately made by Professor land, where they possessed good property,

To which in time she added more. Sillman, of America. Many hundred yards of which was much injured in the wars of Charles At twelve she stole from Cyprir's queen insulated copper wire (viz. covered with silk), 1. Upon the Irish massacre, they took refuge Her air, and love-inspiring mienwapped round a large horseshoe magnet, and in England, and with the wreck of their for Stole Juno's dignity, and stole the two ends of the wire so arranged as to tune purchased Coaxden and Lodge, two es From Pallas sense to charm the soul. form the circuit in a galvanic battery, the dis- tates situated between Chard and Axminster, Apollo's wit was next her prey ; turbed magnetism, in its transit to its state of the former of which is still possessed by one of The next the beam that lights the day ; equalization, supported near a ton weight.- their descendants. Here they were seated at She sung-amazed the Syrens heard, Here we observe an agent, whose weight is the time of the battle of Worcester, when, the

And to assert their claims appearedinappreciable; whose material resistance is royalists being entirely defeated, Prince Charles,

She played—the muses from the hill

Wondered who thus had stole their skill. never experience ; yet, under certain condi- afterwards King Charles II., escaped in dis

Great Jove approved her charms and art, tions, capable of counteracting such extensive guise, and for some weeks eluded his pursuers, force of gravitation.

And t'other day she stole my heart. until he found means to depart the country. If, lovers, Cupid, are thy care, Had it not been for iron being an imperfect Having gone to Lyme for that purpose, the Exert thy influence on the fair; conductor, we should for ever have remained people, who were mostly disaffected to him, To trial bring her stolen charms, ignorant of the existence of such a principle soon got scent of it, which obliged him to And let her prison be my arms. as magnetism; and in the same state we make a hasty retreat. Closely pursued on all

Earl of Egremont to his Wife.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE TOURIST. unless the Colonization Society should, as they with that now. But I am letting my tongue RESPECTED FRIEND,-Enclosed is the cops

term it, afford a “ drain for the overplus.” In run too fast. What I meant to write to you of a letter I sent into the north, in reply to a the purpose of carrying on an internal slave appeared in the front of your paper yesterday.

some parts they have been breeding them for about is, this unfortunate drop of water that friend who requested my sentiments on the subject of the Colonization Society.

trade between the states; and now a prospect Do, I beg of you, dear Mr. Editor, let me have Ås the circulation of The Tourist has much of retributive justice begins to open before a line or two from yourself, if nobody else increased since the publication of the valuable their eyes; the American planters tremble in should be disposed to attend to my request, in article in No. IX., perhaps it might aid the their beds; and many sensible people appre- your next paper

, saying whether or no you cause to insert this letter,

hend the approach of that awful scourge, a have seen this very drop of water with your servile war.

own eyes; for, if yon really assure me, that all I remain, very respectfully,

J. c.

The free people of colour, who are com- the water I use is full of such creatures, I

puted at considerably above three hundred must go back to my old way. You must know, London, First Month, 22nd, 1833.

thousand, have met at Baltimore, Philadelphia, Mr. Editor, that, for some little time past, Í My Dear Friend-I received thy kind New Bedford, New York, and many other have been a member of the Temperance Sonote, in which thou askest what we think of places, and passed resolutions to the effect, ciety; I always put a leetle spirits into my Elliott Cresson's scheme. In reply, we have that the Colonization Society have, hy widen- tumbler, just enough to take off the rawness good authority for doubting the glowing ac- / ing the breach between them and the whites, of the water; but since I signed the book I counts of the comfort of the colony of Liberia ; *given to prejudice a ten-fold vigour,” in- have left it off entirely. But, if all the water and it appears in some instances to be as fatal creased persecution, and cruelly added to their I use contains such a quantity of living creato the American coloured constitution as Sierra sufferings. In the New York address they tures as your drop, I must take my name off Leone is to the European. Looking at the say, " The Friends have been the last to aid the book at once, and do as I did before, mix plan in all its bearings we think James Crop- the system pursued by the Society's advocates. just a thimbleful of spirits in my tumbler of per does it justice when he terms it a diabolical | And we say, for we feel it, that in proportion water. I cannot go on swallowing such a scheme. They set out with what we think an as they become colonizationists, they become quantity of living creatures-eels, caterpillars, anti-Christian principle,-the white and co- less active and less friendly to our welfare as and all sorts of reptiles; but worse than all, loured never can amalgamate, therefore they citizens of the United States.” After stating near the bottom, on the left hand, are what apmust be transported. How long will it take that they will not go unless the Colonization pears to me to be the very Siamese Twins that them to accomplish this work? The Society Society should compel them, by making them were made a show of some time ago. Why, has existed now about fifteen years, during miserable, they say, “We are content to abide really, Mr. Editor, if this is water, one is which time they have sent out an average of where we are. We do not believe things will swallowing a whole family of living children about two hundred per annum; but the num- always remain the same. The time must in every tumbler-full

. Do pray relieve my ber of those they propose to expatriate is con come when the rights of all will be appreciated mind on this subject. If you have any fault siderably above two millions, and their natural and acknowledged. God hasten that time! to find with my spelling, he kind enough to increase about fifty-six thousand annually. This is our home, and this our country ; be correct it. I shall subscribe myself according This absurdity, as á plan of abolition, needs neath its sod lie the bones of our fathers; for to the way in which I am called among my no comment-it speaks for itself. Would it some of them fought, bled, and died. Here acquaintance, and remain, your friend and Elliott Cresson have met with any counte we were born, and here we will die."

constant reader, nance in this country, if the Society had not The supporters of the Society say, it checks

Jan. 29, 1833.

OLD MARGERY. been represented as one the object of which the slave-trade; but past experience sorrow

We really are at a loss for words in which was ultimate entire abolition ? But the So- fully proves, that colonies on the coast of | to express our concern at the interruption we ciety, which is partly composed of slave-own- Africa, from the facility they afford for the have unintentionally occasioned, in the equaers, hold very different language in America. purchase of goods which are exchanged for nimity of our ven able correspondent. We Instead of proposing abolition, they tell the slaves, materially aid this infernal traffic. For hasten, however, to set her fears at rest, by slave-owner that he has no occasion to com- proof of this, both as regards Sierra Leone and assuring her that the various classes of animals plain of them, because the tendency of their Liberia, read the appalling disclosures con- which we represented, and which she has so measures will be to secure his possession of tained in parliamentary papers, No. 364, graphically described, are found in water the slave. Thus, in their Fourteenth Report, Slave-Trade, Sierra Leone, &c., printed by taken from stagnant ponds, and also in page 12, “And the slave-holder, so far from House of Commons, April 6th, 1832, page 11. spring water into which vegetable matter has having just cause to complain of the Coloniza- No; the slave-trade will never be abolished been introduced and suffered to decompose.— tion Society, has reason to congratulate him- while slavery remains. Judging of the future we can confidently assure her, that in pure self that in this institution a channel is opened by the past, the effects of the colony will be to spring water no such creatures are found to exup, in which the public feeling and public promote the slave-trade. The Society has ist-except, perhaps, when its “rawness" is action can flow on without doing violence to already increased the sufferings and embittered qualified in the way in which she mentions. his rights." And again, Fifteenth Report, the lives of the free coloured people; and in In this latter case, we cannot tell her what page 26, they say, "If none were drained proportion to the extent of its operations it murders, revolutions, 'and bereavements she away, slaves became inevitably and speedily must rivet the chain upon the poor defenceless may have been the means of effecting. redundant, &c., &c.; when this stage had slave.

We cannot conclude without thanking her been reached, what course or remedy re

I am, Yours, &c.,

for the very complimentary allusions she has mained ? Was open butchery to be resorted

J. C. made to our Magazine, and expressing one to, as among the Spartans with the Helots; or

good wish in return; viz. that in the interval general emancipation and incorporation, as in

of hesitation and alarm which has occurred South America; or abandonment of the coun Mr. Editor,—I hope you will excuse this between her letter and our reply, she has given try by the masters? There was but one way; freedom from one of my sex, but The Tour- the Temperance Society the benefit of her and it was to provide and keep open a drain ist has been a source of so much pleasure to

doubt, for the excess of increase beyond the occasion me, ever since it first came out, that I feel of profitable employment." something very like old acquaintance with you.

COLONIAL EXILE. T'he American and British slave-trades were I am a lone old woman, confined much to the My country! when I think of all I've lost, both abolished twenty years ago; during which house, by bodily infirmity. You are, I expect, In leaving thee to seek a foreign home, time their slave population has about dou- hard upon sixty, as well as myself, and can, bled, and ours has awfully decreased. This is therefore, feel for one who depends upon an

I find more cause, the farther that I roam, an established fact, which brings against our easy chair and a newspaper for much of her For each high privilege, which is the boast

To mourn the hour I left thy favour'd coast : planters the fearful charge of blood; of which daily comfort. The Tourist is a paper ex

And birth-right of thy sons, by patriots gain'd, we ourselves shall not be clear if we cease actly to my mind—it takes in so many sub- Dishonour'd dies

, where right and truth are chain’d, faithfully to plead the cause of the oppressed. jects ; and then it so warmly takes the part of And caitiffs rule, by sordid lusts engrossid. If slavery ever be profitable it must be in a those poor creatures abroad, who are driven to

I may, perhaps (cach generous purpose cross'd), state in which labour is searce in proportion work like horses, and are bought and sold like Forget the higher aims for which I've strain’d, to the demand; but the increase of the American slaves is producing such a redundance of any one that I have yet seen, that I like half But my heart must be calmer, colder yet,

so many sheep or oxen, that I do not know And learn cold cautions I have long disdain'd: labour, as must, in a commercial point of view, so well. Before you came out, Mr. Editor, Ere England and fair freedom I forget! shortly compel them to grant emancipation, used to read the Penny, but I have quite done

Pringle's Ephemerides.


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Just Published, price od.,

JAMES CROPPER. And PREJUDICE VINCÍ. BLE; or, the Practicability of Conquering Prejudice by better means than by Slavery and Exile; in relation to the Ainerican Colonization Society. By C. STUART.

Liverpool: Egerton, Smith, and Co., Lord Street. BRITISH COLLEGE OF HEALTH, KING'S





CURE OF NERVOUS FEVER. To Mr. Edwards, Sir,-Having been for the last six months in possession of good health, and, indeed, better health than ever I remember to have enjoyed previous to a dreadful attack

wbich I experienced last November, of low nervous sever, THE SETTER DOG.

I feel it my bonnden duty, after returning thanks to Alc mighty God for my happy recovery, in gratitude for your

kind attention, to make this acknowledgment of the very WHEN Autumn smiles all beauteous in decay,

great benefit I received from the use of Mr. Morison's

Liquid Vegetable Universal Medicine. My sister tells me And paints each chequered grove with various hues,

I took the liquid, being so ill and weak at the time she

sent for you as to be unable to take the pills, and you My setter ranges in the new-shorn fields,

were sent for, in consequence of the medicine I had pre

viously taken not giving me any relief. Indeed, I was so His nose in air erect; from ridge to ridge

ill that I don't recollect what passed; but my sister tells Panting he bounds, his quartered ground divides

me that I had nearly lost my hearing, and could only speak with great difficulty, and that, by your advice, the

medicines were administered to me in very strong doses; In equal intervals, nor careless leaves

and, in four days, such was the effect the medicine had on One inch untried. At length the tainted gales

me, that my sister, and every one that saw me, became

convinced of my speedy recovery, which very soon, by His nostrils wide inhale ; quick joy elates

the aid of Morison's Medicines, was accomplished. It is,

therefore, my wish that this inay be made public, that the His beating heart, which, awed by discipline

afflicted, in the worst of cases, inay not despair. I beg to

offer my best thanks to Mr. Morison for the invention of Severe, he dares not own; but cautious creeps,

the Medicine, and am, Sir,

Your very obliged humble servani, Low-cowering, step by step; at last attains


Hertford, September 3rd, 1832.
His proper distance, there he stoops at once,

And points with his instructive nose upon

The trembling prey. On wings of wind upborne

having soperseded the use of almost all the Patent Ne

dicines which the wholesale venders have foisted upon The floating net unfolded flies; then drops,

the crednlity of the searchers after health, for so many

years, the town druggists and chemists, not able to establish And the poor fluttering captives rise in vain.

à fair fame on the invention of any plausible means of

competition, have plunged into the mean espedient of puffFrom Somerville's Field Sports.

ing up a “Dr. Morrison" (observe the subterfuge of the double r), a being who never existed, as prescribing a “Vegetable Universal Pill, No. 1 and 2," for the express

purpose (by means of this forged imposition upon the pubCONTRACTION BY COLD.


lic), of deteriorating the estimation of the “UNIVERSAL Useful and ingenious application of the prin

MEDICINES" of the BRITISH COLLEGE OF Just Published, price 153., half-bound,

HEALTH.” ciple.- Some years ago it was observed at the

KNOW ALL MEN, then, that this attempted delusion THE

must fall under the fact, that (however specious the pre

INSTRUCTING DRAWING-BOOK; containing tence), nonc can be held genuine by the College but those that the two side-walls of a gallery were re

ppwards of One Hundred Engravings, illustrative of which have " Morison's Universal Medicines impressed ceding from each other, being pressed out- Landscape Scenery, Picturesque Architecture, Marine upon the Government Stamp attached to cach box and wards by the weight of the roof and floors; Series of Progressive Lessons, with copious Instructions

packet, to counterfeit which is felony by the laws of the

land. several holes were made in each wall, opposite on the Drawing of each Subject. To which is added a

The “Vegetable Universal Medicines" are to be bad at to one another, and at equal distances, through Practical System of Perspective, adapted to the capacity

the College, New Road, King's Cross, London; at the of Juvenile Learners, and a concise Description of Grewhich strong iron bars were introduced, so as

Surrey Branch, 96, Great Surrey-street; Mr. Field's, 16, Aircian, Roman, and Gothic Architecture. By N. WHT

street, Quadrant; Mr. Chappell's, Royal Exchange; Mr. to traverse the chamber. Their ends outside | TOCK, Author of the “ Decorative Painter's Guide," “ Il

Walker's, Lamb's-conduit-passage, Red-lion-square; Mr. of the wall were furnished with thick iron lustrations of York, Surrey, Sussex,” &c.

J. Loft's, Mile-end-road; Mr. Bennett's, Covent-gardendiscs, firmly screwed on. These were sufficient London : Published by G. VIRTUE, 26, Ivy Lane, Pater

market; Mr. Haydon's, Fleur-de-lis-court, Norton-falgate; to retain the walls in their actual position; noster Row.

Mr. Haslet's, 141, Ratcliffe-highway; Messrs. Norbury's,

Brentford; Mrs. Stepping, Clare-market; Messrs. Salmon, but to bring them nearer together would have

Little Bell-alley; Miss Varai's, 24, Lucas-street, Commer

cial-road ; Mrs. Beech's, 7, Sloane-square, Chelsea; Mrs. surpassed every effort of human strength. All For FENDERS, FIRE-IRONS, KNIVES, &e. Chapple's, Royal Library, Pall-mall; Mrs. Pippen's, 18, the alternate bars of the series were 110W

Wingrove-place, Clerkenwell; Miss C. Atkinson, 19, New

Trinity-gronnds, Deptford ; Mr. Taylor, Hanwell; Mr. heated at once by lamps, in consequence of FAMILIES, FURNISHING may effect an

immense SAVING, by making their purchases, for Kirtlam, 4, Bolingbroke-row, Walworth; Mr. Payne, 64, which they were elongated. The exterior ready inoney, at

Jermyn-street; Mr. Howard, at Mr. Wood's, hairdresser, disc being thus freed from the contact of the RIPPON'S OLD ESTABLISHED CHEAP FUR Richinond; Mr. Meyar, 3, May's-bnildings, Blackheath;

Mr. Griffiths, Wood-wharf, Greenwich ; Mr. Pitt, 1, Cornwalls, they could be advanced further on the NISHING IRONMONGERY WAREHOUSE,

wall-road, Lambeth; Mr. J. Dobson, 35, Craven-street, screwed ends of the bars. On the bars pro

63, Castle street East, Oxford Market,

Strand; Mr. Oliver, Bridge-street, Vauxhall ; Mr. J. jecting on the outside of the walls from the (At the corner of Castle-street and Wells-street,

Monck, Bexley Heath; Mr. T. Stokes, 12, St. Ronan's, elongation, the discs were screwed up; on rewhere every article sold is warranted good, and exchanged 96, Edgware-road; Mr. Hart, Portsinouth-place, Kenning

Deptford; Mr. Cowell, 22, Terrace, Pimlico; Mr. Parfitt, if not approved of. moving the lamps, the bars cooled, contracted,

ten-lanc; Mr. Charlesworth, grocer, 124, Shoreditch; Mr. Tea Urn, 30s.; Plated Candlesticks, with Silver Mount

R. G. Bower, grocer, 22, Brick-lane, St. Luke's ; Mr. S. and drew in the walls. The other bars became, ings, 123. per pair; Ivory-handled oval-rimmed Table

Knives and Forks, 40s. the
set of 50 pieces ; Fashionable

J. Avila, pawnbroker, opposite the church, Hackney; Mr. in consequence, loose, and were then also Iron Henders--Black, 18s. Bronzed, 213.; Brass Fenders, T. Gardner, 95, Wood-street, Cheapside, and 9, Norton

J. S. Briggs, I, Brunswick-place, Stoke Newington; Mr. screwed up. The first series of bars being 10s.; Green Fenders, with brass tops, 2s.; Fire Irons, 23. again heated, the process was repeated ; and per set; Polished Steel Fire Irons, 4s. 6d. per sct; Brass

falgale ; Mr. J. Williamson, 13, Seabright-place, Hackney: Fire Furniture, 5s. Gil. per set; Block-tin Dish Covers, Homerton; Mr. H. Cox, grocer, 16, Union-street, Bishops.

road; Mr. J. Osborn, Wells-street, Hackney road, and by several repetitions, the walls were restored

8s, 6d. per set; Copper 'Tea Kettles, to hold one gallon, to their former position.

gate-street: Mr. T. Walter, cheeseronger, 67, Hoxton Old The gallery still 78.; Bottle Jacks, 6s. 6d.; Copper Warming, Pans, 6s. ; | Town; and at one agent's in every principal town in Great exists with its bars, to attest the ingenuity of Beas: Candlesticks, 19, 40, per pair: „Britannia-inetal Tea Britain, the Islands of Guernsey and Malta; and through

ont the whole of the United States of America. its prescrver, M. Malari.

23.: Bread Trays, 3d. ; Japanned Chanuber Candlesticks, N. B. The College will not be answerable for (ie con

with Snaffers and Estinguisher, 6d.; Snuffers and Tray, sequences of any medicines sold by any chymist or druggist, Just publislied, price 15.611.,

60.; Black-handled Steel Table Knives and Forks, 2s. 9d.
the all-dozen: Copper Coal-scoops, 108.; a newly in-

as none such are allowed to sell the “ Univerzal Medi

cines." A MITTEE of the HOUSE or COMNOXS on the

veuteri Utensil for cooking Potatoes, superior to those EXTINCTION of SLAVERY, with Notes by the Editor.

boiled, steamed, or roasted, price 5s., Cs., and 7s. Copper: Printed by J. Hardon and Co.; and Published Sold by J. Hatchard and Son, Piccadilly; by J. and A. Archi, Cornhill ; and at the Depot for Anti-Slavery Pabli.

curry article in the above line, cheaper than any other by J. Crisp, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster

Iluse in London. cations, 16, Paternoster Raw; and to be had of all book

Row, where all Advertisements and Communi. sellers,

For Ready Money only, and no abatement made. cations for the Editor are to be addressed.

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This place, which appears to have the building of the town, Alric, a Saxon decapitation, and, in honour of his merisen from the ruins of the ancient Legeo- chief, erected a castle here, which having mory, dedicated to St. Thomas. His lium, a Roman station in the vicinity, been demolished, or suffered to fall into descendant, the renowned John of Gaunt, now Castleford, was by the Saxons called decay, was repaired, or more probably retired to this castle in the reign of Kirby, and after the conquest obtained rebuilt, by Hildebert de Lacy, to whom, Richard II., and fortified it against the the name of Pontfract, from the breaking at the time of the conquest, William king; but a reconciliation taking place of a bridge over the River Aire, while granted the honour and manor of Ponte through the medium of Joan, the king's William, Archbishop of York, and son of fract. In the reign of Edward II., the mother, no further hostilities ensued. the sister of King Stephen, was passing castle being then in the possession of Henry de Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereover it, attended by an immense crowd, Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, who had re- ford, then an exile in France, exasperated who escorted him on his return from volted against the king, on account of by the king's attempt to deprive him of Rome. Though not itself a Roman sta- his partiality to Piers Gaveston, was be- the duchy of Lancaster and honour of tion, it was probably a place of inferior sieged and taken ; and the earl being Pontefract, to which he had succeeded by importance connected with Legeolium, as soon after made prisoner, by Andrew de the death of his father, and having rethe Watling-street passed through the Hercla, at Boroughbridge, was brought ceived an invitation from some of the park, near the town, and vestiges of a to Pontefract, where, being condemned principal nobility, landed at Ravenspur Roman camp were distinctly traceable by the king, he was beheaded, and several in this county, and being joined by the previously to the recent enclosure of of the barons who had joined his party Lords Willoughby, Ross, D'Arcy, Beauwaste lands. During the time of the were hanged. Having been canonized, mont, and other persons of distinction, Saxons, to whom some historians attribute a chapel was erected on the spot of his with an army of sixty thousand men, a

here till the commencement of the fol- | takes out with him, and will furnish to your. | 26th of February next, in all places throughout soner here by the Duke of Gloucester, have simultaneous meetings of all the friends measures to furnish a copy of Chancellor Walwhose designs he had ineffectually at- of temperance in every village, town, city, and worth's letter, and the minute of this Commit

battle ensued, which terminated in the of the liquorice they produce. This arti- | the use of spirits, and have become members deposition and imprisonment of the king, cle is extensively cultivated here, and the of some of these societies. Already do we and the exaltation of the duke to the manufacture of it into cakes, commonly begin to feel the beneficial effects of this throne, by the title of Henry IV. Richard, known by the name of Pomfret cakes, is

great combination of moral force, in the mani

fest diminution of pauperism and crime, in after his deposition, was for some time carried on to a considerable extent.

the improvement of the condition of the laconfined in this castle, where he was in

bouring classes of the community, and in humanly put to death. Henry frequently

the extension of the boundaries of the kingresided in it, where he held a parliament, TEMPERANCE SOCIETIES. dom of the ever-blessed Redeemer; and while after the battle of Shrewsbury; and, in

the desolating pestilence, which has recently 1404, signed the truce between England Extract of the Minutes of the Committee of the visited this city and many other parts of the and Scotland. Scroop, Archbishop of

British and Foreign Temperance Society, state, has swept off its hundreds and its thou. held at Exeter Hall, 1st January, 1833.

sands of those who were in the habitual use of York, having raised an insurrection, in

ardent spirits, the members of our Temperance which he was joined by the Earl of Nor Mr. J. T. Marshall, from the State of New Societies have almost uniformly escaped. thumberland, for the dethronement of the York, attended this Committee, and produced With the expression of a well-founded hope king, was by treachery made prisoner, the following very encouraging and interest that the blessings of temperance may continue and being brought hither, where Henry Chancellor of the State of New York, and of intemperance shall be banished from the

ing letter from the Hon. Reuben H. Walworth, to spread through every land, until the demon at that time resided, was sentenced to President of the New York State Temperance world, I have the honour to be, gentlemen, death and executed. Queen Margaret, Society:

Yours, with respect, during the absence of the king in Scot

Albany, State of New York,

(Signed) R. H. Walworth, land, resided in this castle, and was deli

Nov. 12th, 1832.

President of the New York vered of her fifth son at Brotherton, in GENTLEMEN, — The British and Foreign

Temperance Society. the immediate vicinity, having been taken Temperance Society having associated my To Messrs. J. Capper, J. H. Ramsbotham, T. ill while on a hunting excursion. After name with those of its honorary members, I Hartley, and N. E. Sloper, Secretaries of the battle of Agincourt, in the reign of have taken the liberty to introduce to your the British and Foreign Temperance SoHenry V., the Duke of Orleans and acquaintance Mr. J. T. Marshall, a distin

ciety. severál French noblemen of the highest Mr. M. visits England partly on private busiguished friend of temperance, from this state.

Resolved,- That this Committee expresses rank, whom that monarch had taken pri-ness, but more particularly to aid the operations its acknowledgments to the American Tem. soners, were confined in the castle; and, of the American Temperance Society, and the perance Society for the gratifying manner in. in the year following, the young King executive committee of the New York State which the communication has been conveyed; of Scotland, who had been taken prisoner Temperance Society, in the great work of and, cordially entering into the plan which on his voyage to France, was confined benevolence in which they are engaged. He has been suggested, recommends effectual

means to used meetings on the lowing reign.

Society, a number of recent and interesting During the war between the houses of temperance, from which you will be able to formed, or in which may be found a few bene

publications and documents on the subject of England where Auxiliary Societies have been York and Lancaster, this castle was the ascertain the progress and present state of volent individuals sufficiently informed on this prison of numerous noblemen, of whom this great moral reformation on this side of subject to feel the importance of taking early several were put to death within its walls. the Atlantic. You will see, by the circular measures to spread the principles of TempeEarl Rivers, who had been kept a pri- of the American Temperance Society of the rance Societies,

that it

Resolved,—That the Secretaries take early

tempted to oppose, was put to death in hamlet in the United States on the last Tuesday tee thereon, to the Secretaries of the Temthe castle, together with Sir Richard Grey of February next; and it would

be highly perance Societies in Glasgow, Edinburgh, and Sir Thomas Vaughan. In 1461, gratifying to the friends of temperance in Dublin, and Belfast, and on the continent of Edward IV., with an army of forty thou- America if similar meetings of the friends of Europe. sand men, fixed his head quarters here, temperance in England, Seotland, and Ire

ON HEARING A LARK SINGING IN whence he marched against the Lancas- land, could be held on the same day. Nothing terians; the two armies met at Towton, philanthropist, while engaged in the benevolent could be more encouraging to the heart of the

LONDON. where the battle took place, and nearly work of rescuing his fellow men from the de

Sweet bird ! it well may touch the heart thirty-seven thousand men were left dead grading vice of intemperance, from temporal

Thy lively song to hear,

Since thou and freedom dear must part on the field. After the union of the and eternal ruin, than the reflection that a

To please a listless ear. houses of York and Lancaster, in the million of hearts, both in Europe and Ame

A withered turf, a water-glass, person of Henry VII., that monarch rica, were at the same moment animated by

A cage, but ill supply visited the castle in the second year of the same spirit, and beating in unison with his own.

The teeming field, the dewy grass his reign : it was honoured also by a State Temperance Societies have already

The temple of the sky. visit from Henry VIII., in 1540; from been organized in twenty-one of the United James I., in 1603 and 1617, on his pro- States of America, and in connexion with the

Though blithe and careless seem thy notes,

For one thus held in thrall, gress to Scotland; and from Charles I. | American Temperance Society as a general To Fancy's ear they speak of thoughts in 1625.

head; and in the state of New York alone, where Of sadness in their fall ! Of this castle, so memorable for its the State Society was organized but a little connexion with the most interesting pemore than three years since, we have already

No more thou wing'st thy warbling way riods of English history, and which conmore than 1100 auxiliary societies in the

(From mate and nestlings torn), several counties, cities, towns, villages, and

To pour, at eve, thy vesper lay, sisted of numerous massive towers, con

Or matin hymn, at morn! common school districts, containing more than nected by walls of prodigious strength, 160,000 members pledged to the principle of No more thou build'st thy little bower, and fortified by its situation on the summit total abstinence from the use of ardent spirits.

As wont in days gone by, of an isolated rock, only a small circular Among this number will be found the greatest When Spring unveils the virgin flower, tower remains. part of our most respectable and influential

To wake the zephyr's sigh! The environs of this place are exeeed - citizens, judges, legislators

, and magistrates ;

A captive 'midst the dull turmoil, ingly beautiful, and adorned with several and, what is still more gratifying, in reference

Of crowds to luere given, to the future, nearly all of our respectable noblemen’s seats. The gardens and nur

No more thou'lt cheer the peasant's toil, young men, wliose habits were not previously series here are famous for the excellence | bad in this respect, have totally abandoned

And lead his thoughts to heaven!


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