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twine, is the material with which the from the Colonial Office to the Governor A VERY SOCIETY, and of the Friends of that Canse,

and for this season Sloane, the naturalist, Christianity ; that it is incapable of any such imin his History of Jamaica, has designated provement as would justify its continuance; and it malva arborea maritima," and has therefore, that it ought to be abolished by legal

means with the least possible delay. summed up its characteristics with great The persecutions in Jamaica, which are as inconciseness in these words :-“ Folio consistent with the Gospel of Christ as they are subrotundo, minore accuminato, subtus opposed to the spirit of the British constitution, candido, cortice in funes ductile.

to the design of the Toleration Acts, and to the

essential rights of our fellow-subjects in the West rounded leaf, having the lesser end Indies, we regard as a decisive proof of the incorpointed, white on the under side, with a rigible nature of the system of Colonial Slavery, bark capable of being twisted into twine.” and as an additional reason for seeking its utter It is of greater expansion than height, a


We, therefore, earnestly entreat the friends of character very common with the tree Christianity, liberty, and peace, to employ their mallows. Its flowers are large, and very influence, in every eonstitutional way, to obtain showy; but what is particularly striking the speedy removal of this sinful and injurious is its threefold change, from yellow to system, and to insist on the prompt adoption of orange, and then to deep red, on the and uninterrupted enjoyment of that religious three days that it is an expanded blossom. liberty in our colonies which the laws of the When blended with the large blue, white, parent country afford to us. and pink convolvulus of the tropics, flow- William Beal, Weymouth

Jobn Hoxley, Sherborne

G. Hubbard, Corfe Castle ers that prevail equally in moist situations William Bean, Weymouth B. Jeanes, Charmouth with the maho, and combined with plumy J. Brown, Broad Winsor

R. Keynes, Blandford alma

J. M. Mackenzie, Poole tufts of bamboo and palmites, I know no

James Brown, Wareham W. Munford, Burton, Brad

John Brown, Bridport
combination finer in the foreground of an Samuel Bulgin, Poole James Oke, Dorchester
Indian riyer scene.

The crabs devour James Catts, Shaftesbury
Charles Cannon, Portland John Pryor, Bridport

G. L. Roberts, Bridport the fallen petals with great avidity; the R. Chamberlaine, Swanage Edinand Russ, Weymouth

John Saltren, Bridport THE HIBISCUS TILIACEUS. root is used as an aperient and hepatic Francis Collier, Portland S. Sincox, Dorchester infusion; and the negroes, when they H.T. Crump, Weymouth


E. Smith, Lyme Regis have macerated a quantity of the flowers R. Davies, Enmore Green Frederic Smith, Bridport

S. J. Davies, Weymonth Samnel Spink, Wimborbe The hibiscus tiliaceus, or the maho, or in oil, ascribe great efficacy to them as a

W. Dingley, Sherborne Henry Stroud, Bere Regis mahagua, as it is called in the West vulnerary medicament.-Notes of a Tra- Colin Dore, Wimborne James Trowbridge, Cerne

J. H. Walker, Poole India islands, is another cordage plant of veller.

T. Evans, Shaftesbury James Wallbridge, Loders

J. "Hargreaves, Morcombe c. Westlake, Sherborne great utility. The bark, a strong, fibrous

A. Weyland, Lyme Regis envelope, is twisted into the ropes and

Richard Harris, Wareham J. Wheelhonse, Shaftesbury halters ordinarily used in the economy of Sir,-I beg to submit to you the fol- P. Hawke, Wimborne John Wills, Bridport a sugar estate, and, when wound into fine lowing order, which has been sent out

Anti-Slavery Meeting at Exeter

MEETING of the ANTI-SLA. negro constructs his hammock, orswinging of the Bahamas, and will, doubtless, be

will be held at EXETER HALL, Strand, on THCRScouch. On account of its easy, pliancy, read with pleasure, as indicating the feel- DAY, the THIRTY-FIRST of JANUARY, 1833, with a

view to petition Parliament for the Immediate and Entire and its disposition never to acquire stiff- ings of his Majesty's Ministers with re

Abolition of Slavery throughout the British Dominions, ness, like the leather thong when old, or gard to that great subject which occupies taken at Eleven precisely by the Right Honourable Lokv


Thomas PRINGLE, Secretary. the hempen rope when new, it is adopt- so much of your attention. ed, in preference to all other materials,

I am, Sir, yours, &c.,

Tickets of Admission may be had after the 20th of

January, of Messrs. Hatchard, 187, Piccadilly; Messrs. in the construction of the cattle-whip, or,

C. R. E. Arch, 61, Cornhill; Mr. Seeley, Fleet Street: Mr. Nisbet,

Berners Street; Mr. Bagstër, Paternoster Row; and at as it is generally called in England, the

the Office of the Anti-Slavery Society, 18, Aldermanbury.

Sir, I am desired to signify to you cart-whip that terrific instrument with

Published at the Office of the Tourist, 27, Ivy-lane, Pater. which the slaves are punished. This whip the King's commands, that in any future noster Row; sold also by Sherwood, Gilbert, and Piper, is a thong about eight or ten feet long, gr of lands made by the Crown, a


WS plaited to somewhat more than the bulk condition be inserted for the forfeiture of In a few days will be published, in one svo. volume, of a postillion's. It is fixed to a handle of the grant, on proof of the land having wittee of the House of common the Fistinctiopio as about three feet in length, and terminates in a lash of about eighteen inches, com- been, at any time subsequent to the date Index. Witnesses examined : W.Taylor, Esq., Revo Sohn posed of fibres of a species of bromelia, of the grant, cultivated by the labour of Join Thorp, Rev. W. Knibb, Hon. C. Fleming, Captain

C. H. Williams, W. Alers Hankey, Esq., J. D. P. Ogden, à plant of the class of pine-apples, slaves.

Esq., R. Scott, Esq., J. Simpson, Esq., W. Shand, Esq., called penguin. The long, fine, silky


Rev. J. Shipman, Rev. R, Young, Rev. J. T. Barrett, W.

Burge, Esq., M.P., J.'B. Wildman, Esq., and others. thread of this plant is more capable To Governor Sir J. C. Smith, Bahamas.

Also, Full Report of the Discussion in the Assembly

Rooms, at Batlı, on the 15th of December, between the than any other of being twisted into

Rev. W. Knibb, and Mr. Borthwick, in which the acouan extremely close cord, and, though DECLARATION OF THE INDEPENDENT, sations of the latter gentleman against the Baptist Mission

aries in Jamaica are fully refuted. Price sd. ***RID quite supple, is as compact as wire ; it BAPTIST, AND METHODIST MINIS

Just Published, price 4s., 8vo., boards, is, therefore, better adapted to inflict


Slavery Committee of the House of Lords; containing an narrow lines. When used, the whip thus SLAVERY.

Exposure of the Character of the Evidence on the Colonial

side produced before the Committee. formed is swung round and round the We, the undersigned Christian Ministers in

“Nec pes, nec caput uni Reddatur formæ."--HOR.

zels bead for one or two succession of times, the county of Dorset, think ourselves called on

London: S. Bagster, No. 15, Paternoster Row. so as to be trailed out to its full length by present circumstances to lay before the public our deliberate opinion on two most important ment upon any partial extracts which may appear in the

The public are earnestly requested to suspend their judg. between each stroke, and is then applied subjects-namely, the evil of British Colonial daily papers, until they have an opportunity of fairly estiwith considerable report and great preci- Slavery, and the persecution of missionaries, their mating the whole body of the Colonial Evidence which

this Pamphlet will afford them. sion to the sufferer, male or female, old congregations, and adherents, in Jamaica, as origi

Printed by Haddon and Co., and Published This tree delights in the borders of Colonial Slavery is essentially sinful, because at We are firmly convinced that the system of by J. Crisp, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster

Row, where all Advertisements and Communi. morasses, as well as the banks of rivers ; | variance with the great principles and spirit of cations for the Editor are to be addressed.



and all other Booksellers.

or young, stretched naked on the earth. , na


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Ir is not certainly known when or by pears to have been distinctly ascertained, the most wonderful facts to our notice. whom the microscope was invented. On that they were first used in Germany If the telescope has brought us acquaintthe one hand, we are told that one Dre- about the year 1621. The telescope is ed with vast bodies which we had not prebell, a Dutchman, had the first micro-generally believed to have been invented viously conceived to exist, and thus unscope in the year 1621, and that he was in the year 1590'; and, as a microscope measurably extended our conceptions of reported to have been the inventor of the is only a telescope inverted, the inven- the vastness of the universe, and the instrument. On the other hand, the in- tion of the one may be readily believed power of its Creator, it is no less true vention is claimed by Francis Fontana, a to have originated in the use of the other. that the microscope, though perhaps with Neapolitan, in 1646, who dates it from It may, perhaps, be matter of doubt less imposing pretensions, has laid open the year 1618. Thus far, however, ap- which of these instruments has introduced to us most unexpected revelations of the

wisdom, the power, and the providence while the other continued floating at the the wheels are protruded, they are perof the Almighty, by discovering to us in- top. When things had remained for some formed with great regularity, swiftness, numerable orders of living beings, en- time in this condition, each of these and steadiness. It is by these rotatory ordowed with numerous capacities, and swarms of animalcules began to grow gans, also, that they are supposed to provided with ample means of enjoy- weary of its situation, and appeared dis- breathe. ment.

posed to change it. Both armies, there Some very important discoveries have An example which partially illustrates fore, set out at the same time, the one lately been made by Ehrenberg in his this last remark is supplied in the engra- proceeding upwards, and the other down observations on these singular beings. ving prefixed to this article, which repre- wards, so that after some hours' journey By feeding infusoria with very pure cosents a single drop of water as it appears they met in the middle. A désire of loured substances, as indigo and carthrough a microscope,* peopled with va- knowing how they would behave on this mine, he has ascertained the existence of rious species of minute animals called occasion engaged the observer to watch mouths, stomachs, and intestines, and animalcules, of the habits of some of them carefully, and, to his surprise, he many interesting partieulars relating to which we propose to give a brief account. saw the army that was marching upwards their structure and functions. But, per

It may be observed in general of the open to the right and left to make room haps, the most astonishing view of these microscopic orders of animals, that the for those that were descending. Thus, animals, and of the wonders of the mismallest which have ever come under no without confusion or intermixture, each croscopic world in general, is presented tice have been discovered in water. Not held on its way; the army that was going by a recent improvement in the solar that we may infer from this that there up marching in two columns to the top, microscope—we refer to Mr. Gould's inare not creatures of equally diminutive and the other descending in one column strument, constructed under the direction size inhabiting the air, or creeping upon to the bottom, as if each had been under of Mr. Cooper, and Mr. Cary, the optithe earth ; the reason is simply that, from the direction of intelligent leaders. cian, and the extraordinary effect of the transparency of water, and from its Another very singular animal, whose which is daily exhibited at No. 287, confining the creatures in it, we can more existence and habits have been discovered Strand. It acts on the general principle easily bring the assistance of the micro- by the microscope, has been dignified with of the solar microscope, but is supplied scope to bear on the examination of them. the name of the Proteus, from its as- with an artificial and most brilliant light, of these, indeed of all animated beings, suming so great a variety of shapes as produced by the mixture of hydrogen the monas is the most simple. The termo scarcely to be recognized as the same and oxygen gases on lime. The writer is the most minute creature of this genus, animal in its different transformations. had recently an opportunity of witnessing being so extremely delicate and transpa- Its general shape bears a considerable the effect of this extraordinary instrurent as often to elude the highest magni- resemblance to that of the swan, and its ment, and, without describing in detail fying powers, and seeming to blend with changes are chiefly effected by its neck, the beauties or the horrors which it the water in which it swims. Another which it sometimes extends to a consi- brought to light from the invisible world and very minute class of animalcules is derable length, and sometimes disposes in doing which he would be obliged to that which has been termed by Mr. Baker of it altogether. It also appears to have draw very largely on the faith of his reathe hair-like insect, on account of its the power of increasing its transparency ders), he may give some general idea of shape, being extremely slender, and fre- or opaqueness at will. There are no eyes, the spectacle by stating that the instruquently an hundred and fifty times as nor any opening in the head like a mouth, ment magnifies three hundred thousand long as it is broad. These creatures are to be discerned; but its actions clearly times, so that a drop of water appears to so small that millions of millions of them prove that it possesses the faculty of vision; cover a surface of a hundred square feet! might be contained in the space of a for though multitudes of other animalcules We cannot but anticipate some import

Yet low in the scale of swim about with it in the same water, and ant accessions to physical science from being as they may appear to stand, its own progressive motion is very swift, this extraordinary instrument, and we owing both to their extreme minuteness yet it never strikes against any of them, confidently recommend it to the notice and the simplicity of their structure, yet but directs its course between them with of our readers" as a source of much ineven these, in common with those orders astonishing dexterity.

struction and amusement. of inferior animals with which we are Another and a very perfect animal is more ordinarily conversant, exhibit indi- discovered by the microscope in rain wacations of sagacity, and of the formation ter, which has stood for some days in

ON GOOD AND BAD HUMOUR. of habits. They seem, for example, to leaden gutters, or hollows on the tops of be fond of society; for, after viewing for houses. This is called the vorticella, or THERE is no disposition more comfortable some time a quantity of them taken up wheel-animal. Its most remarkable dis- to the person himself, or more agreeable to at random, the observer will see them tinction is the apparatus from which it others, than good humour. It is to the mind disposing themselves in a kind of regular derives its name, and which, from all de what good health is to the body, putting 2 order. If a multitude of them are put scriptions, would appear strongly to re

man in the capacity of enjoying every thing

that is agreeable in life, and of using every into a jar of water, they will form them semble the paddles of a steam-boat. They faculty without clog or impediment. It disselves into a regular body, and ascend change their shape considerably in dif- poses to contentment with our lot, to benevoslowly to the top. When they are weary ferent views, but it seems pretty evident lence to all men, to sympathy with the disof this situation they form themselves into that they are circular wheels, which per: favourable light, and disposes us to avoid a kind of rope, which slowly descends as form entire revolutions, and are provided low as they intend; but, if they happen with cogs similar to those on the balance- giving or taking offence. There is a disposito be near the side of the jar, they will wheel of a watch. All the actions of this bad humour, of which the tendency is directly

lion opposite to good humour, which we call descend upon it. In one experiment, a creature, says an observer, indicate saga- contrary, and therefore its influence is as masmall quantity of matter, containing these city and quickness of sensation. At the lignant as that of the other is salutary. animalcules, having been put into a jar least touch or motion in the water they

Bad humour alone is sufficient to make a of water, it so happened that one part instantly draw in their wheels; and it is man unhappy; it tinges every object with its went down immediately to the bottom, conjectured that the eyes of this creature galled, is hurt by every thing that touches it


own dismal colour; and, like a part that is are placed somewhere about this appara- | it takes offence where none was meant, and C. Gould's improved pocket compound mi- tus, as while in the maggot state its mo- disposes to discontent, jealousy, envy, and, in croscope, which magnifies 62. 540 times. tions are slow and blundering, but, after general, to malevolence.-Reid on the Mind.

square inch.

THE ORLEANS GALLERY OF (£800); and for the Saint John in the Desert, | at the end of wbich time all pictures sold were PICTURES.

by Raphael, he paid likewise 20,000 franes; delivered to the purchasers.

but it has been asserted that, had this last pic The pictures reserved for the original purThe late Mr. President West used to re ture been indubitable, it must even at that chasers, at their estimated valuation, announted mark, that next to the merit of having painted period have cost four times that sum, as the to 39,000 guineas. Those sold during the sale a picture which should do honour to the art, works of Correggio, which cannot be placed by private contract amounted to 31,000 guiand become an ornament to the state wherein above those of Raphael, were paid for in that neas, while the residue sold afterwards by Mr. it was produced, was the credit of having proportion.

Coxe, joined to the receipts of exhibition, brought from foreign countries works of the By the means of these various acquisitions, which were considerable, amounted to about great masters. The importation of such works the gallery of the Duke Regent contained, £10,000 more, thus leaving a valuable collectends to enrich the nation which receives during his lifetime, 485 pictures of the best tion of pictures to the purchasers, as a bonus them; it holds out a bright example for imi-choice, and in the finest state of preservation. and just reward, for securing for this country tation, and rouses and calls into action the In 1792 the then Duke of Orleans, for the so splendid a collection, and enriching it with native talents of those who feel the sacred purpose of procuring money to agitate the works of the first class. flame of emulation.

national spirit, of which he always hoped ul On the first morning of opening for the priThe irreparable loss which this country sus timately to profit, sold all the pictures of the vate view to the principal amateurs, the late tained in the dispersion of the magnificent Palais Royal. A banker of Brussels, named Mr. Angerstein became a purchaser of some collection which had belonged to King Charles Walku bought those of the Italian and of the most important pictures in the collecthe First, a collection founded upon the sound- French schools at the price of 750,000 livres tion, in particular of the Resurrection of Laest principles of good judgment, aided by the (£31,000), who again sold them to Monsieur zarus, by Sebastian del Piombo, which he elegant and refined taste of the monarch him- Laborde de Mereville, a gentleman of fortune, immediately, and without hesitation, secured self-the subsequent diminution of its riches for 900,000 livres (£37,500). This gentleman, at the price demanded, of 3500 guineas. The in the transfer of the Houghton collection to a either as an amateur, or guided by feelings of late Sir Francis Baring was likewise an early northern Potentate--the meagre state of the national pride and philanthropy, made this visitor, and named a certain number of those collections which remained to us, in works of purchase with the sole view of preserving the pictures which were marked for sale, as obthe Italian school, made us strongly feel, in collection for France. For this purpose hejects which would suit his taste. The price our own case, the truth of the worthy presi- gave orders to build a superb gallery, con-demanded was 10,000 guineas; the offer made dent's remark, and the public was prepared to nected with his own mansion, in the Rue was £10,000. Mr. Bryan had no power to avail itself of the first opportunity which should d'Artois. The works were already far ad- diminish. The worthy Baronet would not adoccur, to remedy, in part, these heavy losses. vanced, when the storm of the revolution vance, and the treaty was not concluded. This

The period was not far distant which of- burst out in all its force, and obliged Monsieur anecdote, which the author of these sketches fered such an occasion. The public mind of Laborde, with thousands of other refugees, to had from Mr. Bryan himself, not only proves France had for a long time been in a state of seek safety in England, whither he had the the off-handed decision and liberality which great agitation; those best acquainted with it good fortune to transport his collection, which always mark the character of a British merloresaw a storm approaching, and many, among proved to him a resource during this period of chant, but the intrinsic value which was atothers Monsieur de Calonne, who had been re his misfortunes. They did not, however, stop tached to the collection itself, the proprietors cently Minister of Finance, took an early op here; for, anxious to revisit his native country, not admitting of the principle of naming e portunity of disposing of their valuable effects, for motives at present unknown, he was re- price greater than would actually be taken. or of transporting them into foreign states. cognised by the reigning faction of the day, W. Buchanan's Memoirs of Painting.

Others, again, from motives of a different and fell a sacrifice to the revolutionary cause. description, alsó disposed of their moveable The pictures of the Flemish, Dutch, and property for the express purpose of providing German schools were likewise sold in 1792 by

THE COVENANTERS. means for corrupting and inflaming the na the Duke of Orleans, to Thomas Moore Slade, Far inland, where the mountain crest tional spirit of the French people. Among those Esq., who paid for them 350,000 francs O'erlooks the waters of the west, was the Duke of Orleans, generally known by (£14,500), and who, by great management, And, 'mid the moorland wilderness, the name of Philip Egalité, whose life after succeeded in having them sent to this country Dark moss-cleughs form a drear recess, wards paid the forfeit of his ambition.

at the moment that matters begun in France Curtained with ceaseless mists, which feed Louis XIV. ceded the Palais Royal to Philip, to wear the most serious aspect. This pur

The sources of the Clyde and Tweed his only brother, afterwards Regent of France, chase was made for the late Lord Kinnaird, There, injured Scotland's patriot band, and by him this collection was rendered the Mr. Morland, and Mr. Hammersley, in con

For faith and freedom made their stand; finest and the most important private collec-junction with Mr. Slade.

When traitor kings, who basely sold tion at that time existing in Europe. He The principal part of this magnificent col

Their country's fame for Gallic gold,

Too abject o'er the free to reignemployed some of the most celebrated artists lection, consisting of the Italian schools, was

Warned by a father's fate in vain, of the day to select for him, by purchase, the consigned, on the part of Monsieur Laborde

In bigot fury trampled down Gnest works of the great masters which could de Mereville, to a house of eminence in the The race to whom they owed their crown. be procured in the various countries of Europe, city of London ; and it is believed that they There, worthy of his masters, came while many of the minor states, desiring to were in the hands of that house when a treaty The despots' champion, Bloody Graham, pay their court to him, made presents to the was entered into by the late Mr. Bryan, as To stain for aye a warrior's sword, Regent of such works as were likely to yield authorised by, and on the part of, the late And lead a fierce, though fawning horde, him satisfaction, or to secure bis favour and Duke of Bridgewater, the present Earl of Car

The human bloodhounds of the earth, protection. Philip employed twenty years of lisle, and the Earl Gower, now Marquis of

To hunt the peasant from his hearth! his life in forming this magnificent gallery. Stafford, for the purchase of that part of the

Tyrants ! could not misfortune teach Among the different pictures which were collection, including also the French school,

That man had rights beyond your reach?

Thought ye the torture and the stake purchased for the Regent, the prices which he which was agreed on at the price of £43,000.

Could that intrepid spirit break, paid for some of these have come down to us. When this important purchase was conclu Which even in woman's breast withstood For the celebrated picture of the raising of ded, which secured for England one of the The terrors of the fire and flood ? Lazarus, now in the National Collection, he richest collections, and, at the same time, one Yes-though the sceptic's tongue deride paid to the chapter of monks at Narbonne the of the most valuable acquisitions which had Those martyrs who for conscience died ; sum of 24,000 francs (£970), a sum certainly presented itself in modern times, it was de Though modish history blight their fame, much under its value even in those days, when termined on by these three noblemen to select And sneering courtiers hoot the name it is considered that for the Seven Sacraments a certain proportion of the pictures for their

Of men who dared alone be free of Poussin, now in the Stafford Gallery, he own private collections, and to allow the re

Amidst a nation's slavery ; paid 120,000 francs (about £5000); and it mainder to be sold by private contract, under

Yet long for them the poet's lyre was well known that price never was the bar an exhibition to be made of the entire col

Shall breathe its notes of heavenly fire; 10 the acquisition of whatever was truly ex- lection.

Their names shall nerve the patriot's hand cellent; the good fathers, no doubt, had their This exhibition commenced on the 26th of

Upreared to save a sinking land ;

And piety shall learn to burn Peasons for ceding this celebrated picture for December, 1798, in the rooms belonging to With holier transport o'er their urn ! so small a sum. Mr. Bryan, in Pall Mall, and at the Lyceum,

Pringle's Ephemerides. For the Saint Roch. and Angel, by A. in the Strand, neither of these places being, Caracci, which was formerly in the Church individually, sufficiently extensive to contain de St. Eustache at Paris, he paid 20,000 francs the collection. It continued for six months, Claverhouse, afterwards Viscount Dundee:

• The popular appellation of the celebrated Graham of

occupied so ably by those writers. We shall, | mined, therefore, as the only way to restore THE TOURIST. therefore, quote the abstract of the Reporter so order, and to maintain their own authority, to far as answers our purpose.

call the slaves in the neighbourhood to their MONDAY, JANUARY 28, 1833.

“When the French Revolution took place, aid, promising to give freedom to all who should

the free people of colour of St. Domingo, range themselves under the banners of the Reo THE SAFETY OF IMMEDIATE EMAN education, petitioned the National Assembly public authority for emancipating any part of

many of whom were persons of properly and public. This was the first proclamation by any CIPATION.

that they might enjoy the same political pri- the slaves in St. Domingo. The result of it

vileges as the whites. In March, 1790, the was, that in the north a very considerable No. III.

Assembly adopted a decree on the subject, number of them joined the Republican cause

but worded so ambiguously that, in St. Do and became free. ST. DOMINGO.

mingo, the whites and the people of colour “Soon after this transaction, Polverel, leavinterpreted it each in their own favour. This ing Santhonax at the Cape, went in his capa

gave rise to animosities between them ; dis- city of commissioner to Port au Prince, in the The past history and present condition of turbances ensued, and blood was shed. west. Here he found things quiet, and cultiSt. Domingo (now termed Hayti) have been “On the 15th of May, 1791, another decree, vation flourishing. He also visited the south. misrepresented to an almost unprecedented in more explicit terms, declared that the peo- He had not, however, been long there before extent by the opponents of negro emancipa- ple of colour in all the French islands were the slaves, having become acquainted with tion. The conclusiveness of the evidence entitled to all the rights of citizenship. This what had taken place in the north, were so which it supplies in proof of the safety and decree, on arriving at the Cape, produced an excited that he was convinced their emanciexpediency of immediate abolition has secured indignation almost amounting to frenzy among pation could not be prevented, nor even long it no inconsiderable portion of colonial notice, the whites. The two parties armed against retarded; and that it was necessary for the and has led to the propagation of reports as each other, and camps began to be formed, safety of the planters, as well as for the public opposite to truth as light is to darkness. The and massacres and conflagrations followed. peace, that it should be extended to the whole advocates of slavery are fully aware that, if The report of these occurrences led the As- of the slaves in the island. Accordingly, in the facts of this case are once fully appre- sembly to rescind the decree they had passed September, 1793, he issued a proclamation to hended by the British public, they will go far in favour of the free people of colour. that effect, dated from Les Cayes. He exhorted to remove those fears with which some con “ The news of this repeal enraged the peo- the planters, if they wished to avoid the most template the immediate destruction of colonial ple of colour as much as the former decree serious calamities, to concur in the measure. Londage.

had done the whites, and hostilities were re He caused a registry to be opened to receive Hence the diligent employment of a per- newed. On this, the National Convention the signatures of those who should approve of verted ingenuity, and a wide circulation of the resolved to readopt their former decree of it; and it is remarkable that all the propriebasest falsehoods. The public judgment has May, 1791 ; and they appointed Santhonax, tors in the south inscribed their names. He been thus misled, and the apprehensions of Polverel, and another, to repair as commis- then caused a similar registry to be opened at the misinformed and timid have been awa sioners to St. Domingo, with a large body of Port au Prince for the west, and there the kened. Were we to admit the correctness of troops, in order to enforce the decree and to same disposition was found to prevail. All our opponents' representation, we should be far keep the peace.

the planters, except one, gave in their signafrom acquiescing in the soundness of their During the interval which had elapsed tures. While these measures were in proconclusion. The question which we have to from 1790 to the time of their arrival in 1793, gress, in the month of February, 1794, the determine is not whether a slave population the island had presented a dreadful scene of French Convention passed a decree abolishing can, with advantage to themselves, break away carnage, caused by a civil war, not only be- slavery throughout the whole of the French from their bondage by means of a protracted tween the whites and the people of colour, colonies. Thus the Government of the motherand sanguiuary war, but whether a country, but between the different parties of whites. country confirmed the freedom bestowed by enlightened like our own, cannot, with safety And it was at this time, namely, in 1791 and the coinmissioners, removing all doubts of its to the slave, abolish the degrading and cruel 1792, before the emancipation of the slaves validity, and completing and consolidating the system under which he suffers. Though a had been contemplated, that the great mas- emancipation of the whole slave population of slave population may be incompetent to legis- sacres and conflagrations, which make so St. Domingo.” late wisely for themselves, it does not follow frightful a picture in the history of this island, Here it becomes us to


and to enquire that the British nation may not institute such occurred; and all of which were caused, not with all seriousness and impartiality: What enactments as may render their translation by giving liberty to the slaves, but by quarrels were the consequences of this measure? What from servitude to freedom not only innocuous between the white and coloured planters, and were the effects of this sudden and entire but beneficial. But we are by no means dis- between the royalists and revolutionists, who, Emancipation of about 500,000 slaves. These posed to shrink from an examination of the to wreak their vengeance on each other, called slaves it must be remembered were not spread facts of this case. Though not necessary for in, indeed, the aid of their slaves. And even over twenty colonies, but were located in one. our argument, we are fully prepared to show as to the bodies of armed negroes who then They had not been subjected to any preparathat the abolition of slavery in Hayti, notwith- filled the north, in particular, with terror and tory process, but were at once set loose from standing the unfavourable circumstances under dismay, Malenfant affirms that they were ori- the absolute authority of their masters, amidst which it took place, has been productive of ginally put in motion by the royalists, in order all the violence and barbarity of a civil war. incalculable good to the whole negro popula- to put down the revolutionists; and that even In such circumstances we should not have tion--that, so far from their condition having when Jean François and Biassou commenced been surprised, if much temporary evil both deteriorated, it has undergone an almost un their insurrection there were many white roy- to the master and the slave had resulted. But precedented improvement. In the present alists with them, and the negroes wore the we have unsuspected testimony to the conpaper we purpose giving a brief sketch of the white cockade.

trary. Colonel Malenfant, who resided in the history of the abolition of slavery in Domingo “ In the year 1793 the same divisions and island at the time, gives us the following account

--the effects which followed, and the present conflicts continued, notwithstanding the arri- of the conduct of the negroes.* “ Åfter this condition of the community. Mr. Clarkson val of the commissioners; and, on the 20th of public act of emancipation,” says he, (by Polhas anticipated us in his admirable pamphlet June, a dreadful commotion took place at verel,)“ the Negroes remained quiet both in on The Necessity of Improving the Condition Cape François, the seamen and the white in the South and in the West, and they continued of the Slaves, &c., so that we have little more habitants being ranged against the people of to work upon all the plantations. There were to do, in the early part of this paper, than to colour, who were afterwards joined by the in-estates, indeed, which had neither owners nor abridge his account. This has been done al surgent blacks. The battle lasted two days; managers resident upon them, for some of ready in No. 70 of the Anti-Slavery Reporter, the arsenal was taken and plundered; soine these had been put into prison by Montbrun ; the writer of which remarks, “We could not thousands were killed in the streets, and more and others, fearing the same fate, had Aed to do justice to our cause more effectually than than half the town was burnt. The commis- the quarter which had just been given up to by abstracting a great part of his (Mr. Clark- sioners, who were spectators of this horrible the English. Yet upon these estates, though son's) statement, having first taken the pains to scene, and who had tried in vain to prevent it, abandoned, the negroes continued their labours, verify it by a reference to the authentic docu- escaped unhurt, but were left upon a heap of where there were any, even inferior, agents to ments from which he has drawn his materials." ruins, with little more power than their com- guide them; and, on those estates where no It would þe but an affectation of originality mission gave them, having only about a thouwere we to go over the ground which has been sand troops at their command. They deter • Mémoire Historique, &c. p. 58.

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