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all times of danger, and have received, on dif- “ Ir the course of the discussions which took THE TOURIST. ferent occasions, the thanks of colonial assem- place in St. Lucia, and which led to public in

blies for their conduct. As they constitute the quiry (directed by government), the glaring conMONDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1832.

main strength of the militia, the interests of the tradictions in the statements made by myself, comcolonies may be said

to be in their keeping; pared with those of others in public authority, with and they have hitherto discharged their duty and their general habits, rendered it necessary to

reference to the respectability of the free classes, THE SAFETY OF IMMEDIATE EMAN- with singular fidelity; During the year 1824, investigate the point fully. On that occasion were

the community of Jamaica was alarmed by examined, on oath, the leading merchants in the CIPATION,

unfounded reports of a servile insurrection. A country; an officer in His Majesty's service, of No. II.

Committee of the House of Assembly drew up many years' standing, who, in his capacity of drill

a report of the internal state of the island, major of militia, had had to discipline all the miTHE FREE COLOURED AND BLACK

which concludes with the following memorable litia corps; and a medical gentleman of some

testimony to the good conduct of the free black thirty years' colonial experience ; and I further POPULATION.

and coloured people: “Their conduct evinced collected all the information from the different

not only zeal and alacrity, but a warm interest offices which could bear on the subject. The reIt is not sufficiently known to the British in the welfare of the colony, and every way mony, testimony which those against whom I had

appears in the following abstract of the testipublic that a numerous class of coloured and identified them with those who are the most brought charges did not attempt to controvert.black free persons exists throughout our slave zealous promoters of its internal security.” They, the free coloured and free black class, are colonies. The enemies of negro emancipation And this was in an island where the white proved to be about five thousand in number, of cautiously avoid attending to this fact; and population was not half as numerous as the whom one eighth, or somewhat more, may be ma. the friends of humanity have failed to employ free coloured people.

numitted slaves; and there are eighty discharged it as effectively as they might have done. The The parliamentary paper ordered to be negro soldiers. Among the manumitted slaves truth of the matter is, it goes far to determine printed on the 9th of May, 1826, and num- there are many who possess landed property and the expediency, in a political and social point bered 353, contains returns from fourteen slaves. Taken generally, they are certified by of view, of the measure which we advocate ; slave colonies. These returns embrace a period these gentlemen to be tranquil, humble, and most and, if attentively considered in all its bear- of five years, from the 1st of January, 1821, to unassuming; and their conduct, since all distincings, will be found to establish the unsound- the 31st of December, 1825; and,' amongst tions were removed, as truly astonishing. They mess of the fears which are expressed respecting other particulars, they furnish important in- enjoy the esteem and consideration of the white the consequences of immediate emancipation. formation on the subject of pauperism.

class, nor was any disturbance ever known among We

them. There is not, as unanimously swora to, a Our opponents affirm, that two evils are likely can merely give a few specimens, and state

more respectable set of persons, taking their stato result from the abolition of slavery; first, the general result; from which our readers tion in life, in His Majesty's dominions. As micivil insubordination, or tumult; and, second cannot fail to perceive the prosperous condition litia-men (and they form the bulk of the militia), ly, a deterioration of the negro's condition. of the free coloured and black community. they are deficient neither in intelligence nor zeal, The correctness of this theory may be deter

whether as compared with whites of the same mined by reference to the past history and

“ Barbadoes. The average annual number of present circumstances of the free coloured and persons ha pored sent his nige parishes from which so much is it otherwise, that there is a company,

returns have been sent is 998, all of whom, with formed exclusively of them, for the protection of black population of our slave colonies. Their number is about one hundred and fifty thou- amount of white persons in the island is 14,500 ; contingencies. As to property, there are two or

a single exception, are white.

The probable

property in town, in case of fire, and such other sand, exceeding, by a third, the white popula- of free black and coloured persons 4500. tion. They consist either of manumitted · Berbice.—The white population appears to

three sugar-planters, and a large number of coffee, slaves, or of the descendants of such ; and have amount to about 600, and free black and coloured

cocoa, and provision planters, possessing each from come into the possession of liberty through a to 900. In 1822, appears that there were 17 chants, and a large number of second-rate mer

ten to forty slaves. There are two first-rate mervariety of circumstances, some of which have white and 2 coloured paupers. been far from indicating a superiority of moral

“ Dominica.—The white population is esti; of the latter purchase from £2,000 to £3,000 cur

chants, and retail dealers, among them; and many principle. What then, it is natural to ask, mated at about 900 ; the free black and coloured

rency, or about £1,000 sterling, of goods, in the has been their history since their emancipa- population was ascertained, in 1825, to amount

course of the year. One third of the trade of the civilization which they previously possessed ? received relief from the poor fund, and only ten of able for probity in their dealings, and for punction?. Have they lost the slight portion of November 1825,

thirty of the former class had colony is in their hands. The dry-good trade they Have they sunk back into barbarism, extin- the latter ; making the proportion of more than guishing the light of knowledge, and finding nine white paupers to one coloured one in the retail merchants and small proprietors, nor are

tuality in their payments, The generality are pleasure only in the animal gratifications of same number of persons. the savage ? Or have they injured the pro- * Jamaica is supposed to contain 20,000 whites, they, by any means, so embarrassed as the whites." perty and threatened the lives of the white and double that number of free black and coloured still more striking instance of the capacity of the

* To proceed," says the same writer, colonists ? Have they become tumultuous and persons. The return of paupers from the parishes negro : -It

happened that several slaves took reinsurrectionary, refusing obedience to the laws, which have sent returns, exhibits the average num

fuge from Martinique, where the slave-trade is and claiming the plantations of their former ber of white paupers to be 295, of black and co

avowedly carried on, to St. Lucia, in 1829. This masters ? Such are the evils with which the loured paupers 148: the proportion of white pau- caused a discussion, the effect of which was to make abolition of slavery is represented by the pers to those of the other class, accordipg to the lit generally known, that on a foreign slave's reachplanters as fraught; and, strange to say, they

, .

ing a British colony, he, by Dr. Lushington's bill, have long succeeded in imposing on a credu- The result of all the returns may be thus becomes free; and, in consequence of this discusJous and ignorant public. But when we ask stated. The proportion of enfranchised persons sion, several, exceeding 100 in number, came over for proof-when we require facts rather than receiving aid as paupers is about 1 in 370,

in the year 1830. opinions—when we demand from them the spe- while the proportion among the whites is about mitigated slavery ; persons precisely in the con

Here were persons leaving a country of uncification of persons, place, and time, they are 1 in 40.

dition in which our whole slave population may unable to meet our claim, or to satisfy the natu

Here then is a species of proof, most direct be supposed to have been some thirty years ago, ral inquiries of an honest mind. If the negro and conclusive; it has the advantage of being by those who maintain that the condition of the be so improvident and idiotic as the white co- furnished, not by anti-slavery writers

, but by Slave has improved ; -here were persons described lonists have affirmed, then it is natural to sup- the colonists themselves

, and most triumphantly by their government as incendiaries, idlers, and pose that the free black population would be disproves the probability of injury to the slaves poisoners. inarked by indolence, poverty, and wretched from their immediate emancipation. Every “ When I left the colony, in April last, some ness; that their tendency, from the day of unprejudiced person must perceive that it con- were employed for wages in the business they were their manumission, would be from better to stitutes a strong presumption, to say the least, best acquainted with ; some as masons, and carworse, until their condition exhibited the per- of the ability and disposition of the African penters; some as domestics ; others in clearing fection of human misery.

to provide for himself and his children. And land, or as labourers on estates; whilst about But their present state is the very reverse of yet we are told, with a hardihood, which selves under the direction of a free coloured man,

twenty-six had clubbed together, and placed themthis. They have been rapidly increasing in is without a parallel, that the slaves will sink an African-one of the persons deported from wealth and influence, and have been ad-down into poverty and wretchedness, if left to Martinique, in 1824. These last had erected a mitted, in some of the islands, to share in all provide for themselves.

pottery at a short distance from Castries : they the political privileges of the white inhabitants. Mr. Jeremie, in his late pamphlet on colo- took a piece of land, three or four cleared it, others Instead of disturbing the public tranquillity, nial slavery, affords still later information on fished up coral and burnt lime; five or six quarthey have been the foremost to protect it in this point.

ried and got the stones, and performed the mason

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work, the remainder felled the timber and worked 8135. Are they augmenting their wealth ?-- mere necessaries of life? No doubt of it in; and the little money that was requisite was I think they are.

it. supplied, in advance, by the contractor for the 8136. To a considerable extent ?- To a con- 2848. Was there any disposition evinced by church, on the tiles to be furinshed for the build- siderable extent.

them to return to the habits of savage life ?-İ
ing. This pottery was completed, a plain struc.
ture, but of great solidity, and surprising neatness. Fleming gave the following testimony:

Vice - Admiral the Honourable Charles never observed the slightest.
Thus had they actually introduced a new manu-

2849. Have you ever inquired into that facture into the country, for which it was pre

2828. Had you any opportunity of observing point?-Very frequently; I made a tour through viously indebted to our foreign neighbours, or to the the manners and habits of those liberated Afri- the island, with the Governor, for the express home market. cans in the Bahamas ?-Yes.

purpose of inquiring into it, and the result was, “ All this had been effected simply by not inter- 2820. Is marriage prevalent among them?- that we found they had no inclination what fering with them, by leaving them entirely to They are all married.

ever to return to a savage life; on the contrary, themselves : they were mustered once a month, to 2832. Are they industrious ?—Yes, they are that they wished to acquire property; many of show that government had an eye on them, and very much so.

them had acquired property ; their children then allowed full liberty. One man only was sick 2833. Do they work for wages ?—They cul- were all well taken care of; they were clad, in the hospital, and he was supported by the con

tivate their own ground, and they work for and many of the women were dressed out in tributions of his companions.'

unnecessary finery. The report of the Committee of the House the sort of comfort which the free Africans, and has been advanced, we hope, to satisfy our

2845. Had you any opportunity of observing Here we must reluctantly stop. Enough of Commons, ordered to be printed August 11, free blacks, at the Bahamas, obtained by their readers of the safety of the measure which we fact. We regret our inability to quote largely industry ? - Yes, frequently; I lived on shore advocate. Our only difficulty has been that from this invaluable document. One or two frequently at the Bahamas.

of selecting from the ample materials before testimonies we must be permitted to adduce advance in civilization, and in the wants of fore they pronounce our conclusion unsound;

2846. Have they obtained a considerable us. Let our opponents disprove our facts, beJ. B. Wildman, Esq., proprietor, of Jamaica, civilized life ?-Yes; they all had beds in but, if they cannot do this, let them at least was asked

every one of their cottages that I was in ; they have the honesty to avow the principle on 8131. Are you acquainted with the condition had cooking utensils of all kinds; and the huts which their opposition to the abolition of slaof the free blacks at all ?-Yes.

were done up, for the climate, very well in- very proceeds, that the British public, perceiv8132. Are they increasing in wealth and deed, better than in any other of the islands ; ing the enormity, may pronounce its deep and prosperity ?-Yes, I think they are.

perhaps, though, that may be from its being lasting execration. Injustice is now defending 8133. Through the medium of their own more exposed to hurricanes.

itself through the medium of hypocrisy, but industry ?-Yes.

2847. Have you any doubt that this libe- the attempt is hopeless, for the light of know8134. Are you acquainted with the people rated African population, by work, do obtain ledge has revealed even the secrets of colonial of colour at ali ?-Yes. the means of purchasing comforts beyond the policy.

T.

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EDINBURGH.

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Edina! Scotia's darling seat,

All hail thy palaces and tow'rs!
Where once beneath a monarch's feet,

Sat legislation's sov'reign powers.
From marking wildly-scatter'd flow'rs,

As on the banks of Ayr I stray'd,
And singing, lone, the ling'ring hours,

I shelter in thy honour'd shade.

Here wealth still swells the golden tide,

As busy trade his labour plies :
There architecture's noble pride,

Bids elegance and splendour rise;
Here justice, from her native skies,

High wields her balance and her rod;
There learning, with his eagle eyes,

Seeks science in her coy abode.

Thy sens, Edina! social, kind,

With open arms the stranger hail :
Their views enlarg'd, their lib'ral mind,

Above the narrow, rural vale;
Attentive still to sorrow's wail,

Or modest merit's silent claim ;
And never may their sources fail !

And never envy blot their name !—BURNS.

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NO. II.

TYCHO BRAHE.

TO THOMAS FOWELL BUXTON, Esq. who, on my recommendation, have employed it. While recommending the abandonment of slaveSir In calling upon the British public to re

There is, indeed, a delicacy in its flavour adapted produee to the public at large, I am very happy nounce the use of slave-grown articles, I may be

to engage for it a decided preference. I am in being able to say that, in some places (and thought to require a sacrifice too great to be ex. happy, also, to know that, instead of being quoted Reading may be enumerated among them), it is tensively made. Among them must be enumerated at nine-pence, or eight-pence halfpenny a-pound, already adopted, and in course of adoption, with spirits, treacle, spices, coffee, and, above all, a very good Bengal sugar is on sale, at a profit, at a just and spreading enthusiasm. It is evident sugar; and, it may be asked, with a simplicity at seren-pence, and that this article is fit to bear too, from commercial letters, that the colonial which the West Indians may smile with compla. comparison with any West India sugar at the market already feels the effect of it, since it is cency, if not with triumph, “ How can such ar

same price, and quite adapted to be brought into stated that the Bengal sugars are more frequently ticles as these be dispensed with ?" Now I will competition with what is generally sold at six- inquired for. I hope that they will be inquired not at present say. (what, however, is capable of pence. Now ask this question :-Will the people for more and more frequently' every week, and abundant proof), that the total disuse of these ar- of England perpeiuate slavery for the sake of a that the West India proprietors will not deceive ticles is not necessary, but I will take up the penny u-pound in the price of their sugar? I hope themselves as to the reason of it. It is not, they opposite supposition, namely, that it is necessary; every reader of this letter will answer-No. may be assured, for coffee-sugars, at 8 d. or 9d. and then I say that, great as the sacriúce may be,

One of the principal obstructions to the general per pound; it is not for fine qualities, by mixing, po humane person ought to hesitate at it for a mo- use of Bengal sugar, consists in the difficulty to improve the colour of muscovades; it is for ment. They are none of them necessaries of life, which private families often find in procuring it. cheap serviceable sugar to supersede their bethey are all of them luxuries. The people of Eng In many towns it has not been kept, even by a cause the people are indignant at the long mainland lived for many ages without tasting one of single grocer, or by only one ; and there is, pro- tenance of slavery, and determined on its overthem, and would continue to live if they were bably, not yet a town in the kingdom where it is throw. Look to yourselves, therefore, West India every one of them to perish. What then are these kept by the grocers universally, as a regular ar- gentlemen, and see what is before you. You are mere luxuries of life, that we should suffer them ticle of trade. People who wish for it, therefore, poor now; but depend upon it you will soon be to stand against the attainment of sc incalculable do not know where to get it; and so little do the much poorer, unless you set free the negroes. And a blessing for mankind, as the abolition of slavery? shopkeepers, in many cases, care about really in a perfect spirit of kindness I ask you, Had you

not betler do it at once? It is a benefit to the world which every considerate obliging their customers, that the Mauritius and and benevolent person should be willing to pur

finer West Indian sugars have been imposed on In conclusion, Sir, I only say, that I address chase, even at a much higher price, if it were the unsuspecting confidence of the purchaser, a this appeal to the public through you, because required. To conquer their liberties, the North habit of deception which some persons have you are now the most prominent advocate of the American colonies (now the United States) re

thought it would be hard to guard against. If it abolition of slavery, and in the hope of obtaining nounced every article as soon as the English Par- were necessary to use such a tone, the retailers of the attention of persons much more influential liament taxed it; and if we hesitate to vanquish sugar might be warned, that, although much de- than,

Sir, slavery in a similar method, it will obviously be pends on them, erery thing does not. Bengal

Your humble but sincere co-operator, because we care less about it. sugar can be brought into ge ral use, even if

J. H. HIXTON. But, on the preceding supposition, the sacrifice

some of them should set themselves against it, Reading, Dec. 8, 1832. is immensely overrated. Our abstinence could since there are, in all places, benevolent and connot, in any case, extend beyond a few months, scientious men who will aid the design. But I inasmuch as the object of it would speedily be would much rather hope and believe that the

ANCIENT ASTRONOMERS. gained. Neither is it probable that it would be grocers, as a body, will co-operate in the good necessary for one month, since a conviction, on work, which cannot put them to much even of the part of the planters, that it was generally re

temporary inconvenience, and can do them no solved on, would, with equal certainty, answer

ultimate injury. Of what consequence can it be the purpose. But, besides this, the very same to them, whether they sell East India sugar or

Among the astronomers who provided the articles, I believe all of them, may be obtained West? I might almost say, of what consequence materials of the Newtonian philosophy, the from other parts of the world, as ihe produce of to them is their sugar trade at all, since it is be- name of Tycho Brahe merits a conspicuous free labour. In most instances they are quite as come customary to do it at little or no profit, and place. Descended from an ancient Swedish good, and in all they are nearly so; and if not

sometimes at a loss, for the sale of other articles ? family, he was born at Knudstorp, in Norway, quite as cheap, they are also nearly as cheap.

If the grocers, then, are willing to promote the in 1546, three years after the death of CoperThe only question, therefore, is this :-" Will I, sale of free-labour sugar, it may be hoped that nicus. The great eclipse of the sun, which for the sake of overthrowing slavery, be content, they will keep it as a regular article of trade, and happened on the 26th of August 1560, while for a short time, to use coffee, sugar, and spices, put it forward; not merely of the finest qualities, he was at the University of Copenhagen, atalmost as cheap, and probably quite as good, as

but of the kind which, by its price, may be fitted tracted his notice; and when he found that the West Indian ?" How long can any benevolent

to come into general use. person hesitate in answering this question? Or thing, if, in order to favour its introduction, they all its phenomena had been accurately preto what a just and indignant reproof would any should be disposed to sell it without profit, and to dicted, he was seized with the most irresistible person expose himself, who should say, " I will put, by universal agreement, a somewhat higher passion to acquire the knowledge of a science neither take a few pence more out of my purse, profit (say a halfpenny a.pound) on the cheap so infallible in its results. Destined for the nor control the luxuriousness of my palate, West India sugar, upon which, it is well known, profession of the law, his friends discouraged though, by doing so, I could rescue a million of their profit is at present unreasonably low. But, the pursuit which now engrossed his thoughts; my fellow.creatures from a horrible and murderous

at all events, it may be expected that they will and such were the reproaches, and even persebondage ?"

maintain sincerity and truth, and will keep at the cutions, to which he was exposed, that he Every body knows that there are East Indies

utmost distance from taking advantage of the quitted his country with the design of travelas well as West, and that they are extremely simi- practical ignorance of their customers, and from ling through Germany. At the very comlar in climate, soil, and productions. With the selling as free-labour sugar what really is not so. exception of the island of Mauritius (the very

I am quite aware, however, that, if the use of occurred in which the impetnosity of his

mencement of his journey, however, an event name of which ought to provoke, in the breast of East India sugar is much extended, its price may every Englishman, more indignation than I will rise, and, indeed, that its general use would temper had nearly cost him bis life. At a here venture to express), the agricultural popula- speedily exhaust the stock in the country, while wedding-feast in Rostock, a questionable point tion are not slaves. The coffee, sugar, and

some months must elapse before the supply could in geometry involved him in a dispute with a spices, of the East Indies, then, are raised by be proportioned to the demand. I should hope, Danish nobleman of the same temperament the labour of freemen, and they afford us the op- however, that before this case would arise the with himself; and the two mathematicians portunity of renouncing slave produce, at almost West Indians would give way, and that these resolved to settle the difference by the sword. no sacrifice at all.

gentlemen, who are by no means wanting in some Tycho, however, seems to have been second in As sugar is the principal article in which our sorts of prudence, seeing the resolution of the the conflict, for he lost the greater part of his eastern possessions come into competition with country, would not push matters to such an ex

nose, and he was obliged to supply its place the West Indian growth, the utmost pains has tremity. If otherwise, our remedy would be to by a substitute of gold and silver, which a been taken to keep Bengal sugar out of the Eng- discountenance the use of sugar itself, abandonlish market, both by laying on it a duty of about ing it wherever practicable (as in sweetmeats, and his stay at Augsburg he inspired the burgo

cement of glue attached to his face. During 7s. per cwt., or three farthings a pound, more than on its blood-stained rival, and by dissemi-respect. In this way the desired effect might be

master of the city, Peter Hainzell, with a love nating a violent but unfounded prejudice against produced in the colonial market, and upon the

of astronomy. This publie-spirited citizen the article itself. That this prejudice is unfounded condition of the slave. And a resort to this mea

erected an excellent observatory at his own I can assert, both from my own experience, and sure may be the more necessary, because the in-expence, and here Tycho began that distinfrom the testimony of others, having used Bengal crease of population in this country is constantly guished career which has placed him in the sugar in my own family for all purposes, and generating an increase in the demand for West first rank of practical astronomers. with entire satisfaction, for about nine years, and

Indian produce, in common with all other kinds, Upon his return to Copenhagen in 1570, he having received decisive testimonies of its ade

and thus incessantly augmenting the pressure on was received with every mark of respect. quacy and value from pastrycooks and others, the slave population.

The king invited him to court, and persons of

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all ranks harassed him with their attentions. tem of Copernicus. The vanity of giving his system, and scarcely an idea had been formed
At Herritzvold, near his native place, the own name to another system was not likely to of the power by which the planets were re-
house of his maternal uncle afforded him a actuate a mind such as his, and it is more pro- tained in their orbits. The labours of assidu-
retreat from the gaieties of the capital, and he bable that he was led to adopt the immobility ous observers had supplied the materials for
was there offered every accommodation for the of the earth, and to make the sun, with all his this purpose, and Kepler arose to lay the
prosecution of his astronomical studies. Here, attendant planets, circulate round it, from the foundations of physical astronomy:--Brewster's
however, the passion of love and the pursuits great difficulty which still presented itself by Life of Sir Isaac Newton.
of alchemy distracted his thoughts; but though comparing the apparent diameter of the stars
the peasant girl of whom he was enamoured with the annual parallax of the earth's orbit.

APHORISMS.
was of easier attainment than the philosopher's The death of Frederick, in 1588, proved a
stone, the marriage produced an open quarrel severe calamity to Tycho, and to the science
with his relations, which it required the inter- which he cultivated. During the first years than none is the writing of a book, the building

Any engagement which is innocent is better ference of the king to allay. In the tran- of the minority of Christian IV., the regency of a house, the laying out of a garden, the digging quillity of domestic happiness, Tycho resumed continued the royal patronage to the observa- of a fish-pond—even the raising of a cucumber or his study of the heavens, and, in 1572, he en- tory of Uraniburg; and, in 1592, the young

a tulip.--PALEY. joyed the singular good fortune of observing, king paid a visit of some days to Tycho,

Though it cannot be denied that, by diffusing a through all its variations, the new star in Cas- and left him a gold chain in token of his

warmer colouring over the visions of fancy, sensiopeia, which appeared with such extraordi- favour. The astronomer, however, had made sibility is often a source of exquisite pleasure to nary splendour as to be visible in the day time, himself en nies at court, and the envy of his others, if not to the possessor, get it should never and which gradually disappeared in the fol- high reputation had probably added fresh ma- be confounded with benevolence ; since it constilowing year.

lignity to the irritation of personal feelings. I tutes, at best, rather the ornament of a fine, than Dissatisfied with his residence in Denmark, Under the ministry of Walchendorf, a name the virtue of a good, mind.---ROBERT HALL. Tycho resolved to settle in some distant for ever odious to science, Tycho's pension was There is not, perhaps, in all the stores of ideal country, and, having gone as far as Venice in stopped—he was, in 1597, deprived of the anguish, a thought more painful than the thought search of a suitable residence, he at last fixed canonry of Roschild, and was thus forced, with of having propagated corruption by vitiating prinupon Basle, in Switzerland. The King of his wife and children, to seek an asylum in a ciples of having not only drawn others from the Denmark, however, had learned his intention foreign land. His friend, Henry Rantzau of paths of virtue, but blocked up the way, by which from the Prince of Hesse, and when Tycho Wansbeck, under whose roof he found a hos- they should return--of having blinded them to

every beauty but the paint of pleasure, and deafreturned to Copenhagen to remove his family pitable shelter, was fortunately acquainted ened them to every call but the alluring voice of and his instruments, his sovereign announced with the emperor Rodolph II., who, to his love the syrens of destruction.—Dr. Johnson. to him his resolution to detain him in his of science, added a passion for alchemy and The pleasure of a well-disposed mind moves kingdom. He presented him with the canonry astrology. The reputation of Tycho having gently, and therefore constantly, It does not of Roschild, with an income of 2000 crowns already reached the imperial ear, the recom- affect by rapture and ecstacy, but is like the per annum.

To this he added a pension of mendation of Rantzau was scarcely necessary pleasures of health, which is still and sober, yet 1000 crowns; and he promised to give him to insure him his warmest friendship. In- greater and stronger than those that call up the the Island of Huen, with a complete observa- vited by the emperor, he repaired, in 1599,

senses with grosser and more affective impres

sions.-DR. SOUTII.
tory erected under his own eye. This generous Prague, where he met with the kindest recep-
offer was instantly accepted. The celebrated tion. A pension of three thousand crowns
observatory of Uraniburg was established at was immediately settled upon him, and a com- RHYMES FOR YOUTHFUL READERS,
the expence of about £20,000); and in this modious observatory erected for his use in the
magnificent retreat Tycho continued for twenty- vicinity of that city. Here the exiled astro-

COLONIAL SLAVERY.
one years to enrich astronomy with the most nomer renewed with delight his interrupted
valuable observations. Admiring disciples labours, and the gratitude which he cherished

We are all of us stained by this national crime, crowded to this sanctuary of the sciences to for the royal favour increased the satisfaction (Tis a serious thing, though I tell it in rhyme !)

For the Stealers and Holders and Drivers of Slaves acquire the knowledge of the heavens; and which he felt in having so unexpectedly found

Soon would cease from their deeds o'er the Western kings* and princes felt themselves honoured a resting-place for approaching age. These by becoming the guests of the great astronomer prospects of better days were enhanced by the

If good people at home, when they sweeten their good fortune of receiving two such men as food, One of the principal discoveries of Tycho Kepler and Longomontanus for his pupils; Would abstain from the cane-juice that's water'd was that of the inequality of the moon's mo- but the fallacy of human anticipation was with blood. tion, called the Variation. He detected also here, as in so many other cases, strikingly dis- 'Tis not quite enough to look sorry and sigh, the annual equation which affects the place of played. Tycho was not aware of the inroads

While the Colonists fog, and the Negroes die ; her apogee and nodes, and he determined the which both his labours and his disappoint

Or to calculate, hesitate, prate, and pause, greatest and the least inclination of the lunarments had made upon his constitution.

And higgle about the Why and Because, orbit. His observations on the planets were Though surrounded with affectionate friends

While the innocent blood, that cries to Heaven, numerous and precise, and have formed the and admiring disciples, he was still an exile

Flows on, unstaunched and unforgiven, data of the present generalizations in astro- in a foreign land. Though his country had

A gulf of terror, deep and broad,

”Twixt England and an angry God! nomy. Though thus skilful in the observation been base in its ingratitude, it was yet the Till the arm of Vengeance awake in its strength, of phenomena, his mind was but little suited land which he loved the scene of his earliest To strike off the Bondman's fetters at length to investigate their cause, and it was probably affections—the theatre of his scientific glory. To dash the Oppressor down to the dust, owing to this defect that he rejected the sys- These feelings continually preyed upon his And bid proud Man to his Brother be just !

mind, and his unsettled spirit was ever hover- Such judgments may be look'd for ere long,

ing among his native mountains. In this Unless we redress the African's wrong.
* When James I. went to Copenhagen in 1590, condition he was attacked with a disease of
to conclude his marriage with the Princess Anne the most painful kind, and though the par- As far as we may, of this fearful crime,

“ But what can we do?" say my Readers dear :

Let us try to keep each his conscience clear, of Denmark, he spent eight days under the Tycho at Uraniburg. As a token of gratitude, he roxysms of its agonies had lengthened intercomposed a set of Latin verses in honour of the missions, yet he saw that death was approach By doing our duty while yet there's time.

The youngest and poorest may give their mite, astronomer, and left him a magnificent present at ing: He implored his pupils to persevere in To rouse up our Nation to act aright, his departure. He gave him also his royal license their scientific labours. He conversed with. And to act with speedere matters are worse for the publication of his works in England, and Kepler on some of the profoundest points of To wash their hands from this heavy curse. accompanied it with the following complimentary astronomy, and with these secular occupations And I think I see them arising now, letter :

he mingled frequent acts of piety and devo- Like their British sires, with resolute brow, .Nor am I acquainted with these things on the tion. In this happy condition he expired By the mountait stern and surf-beat strand, relation of others, or from a mere perusal of your without pain at the age of fifty-five, the un- From the forge; the loom, and the furrow'd land, works,

but I have seen them with my own eyes, questionable victim of the councils of Chris From the lofty ball and the lowly hearth, and heard them with my own ears, in your re. tian IV.

To launch their united MANDATE forth, sidence at Uraniburg, during the various learned

Notwithstanding the accessions which as

By decree of our King and Parliament,
and agreeable conversations which I there held
with you, which even now affect my mind to such tronomy had received from the labours of Co. To the earth's remotest regions sent;

While nations, shouting from shore to shore, a degree, that it is difficult to decide whether I re

pernicus and Tycho, yet no progress was yet collect them with greater pleasure or admiration." I made in developing the general laws of the Sing“ Jubilee! SLAVERY IS 80.Ndax!"

waves,

of the age.

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BRITISH COLLEGE OF HEALTH, KING'S

CROSS, NEW ROAD, LONDON. MORISON'S UNIVERSAL VEGETABLE

MEDICINE. Cure of a Bilious and Liver Complaint, &c. Sir,-Having been for some years past afflicted with a bilious and liver complaint, attended with much flateleacy and great debility, which completely baffled the efforts of several eminent gentlemen of ihe faculty, and the cause of severe depression and lowness of spirits, so much so, that I was incapable of attending to my domestic concerns, and my life almost a burden to me. Upon hearing of your invaluable medicine (Morison's Pills), I was induced to give them a trial, and am now happy to state, throagla God's assistance, that I am enabled to perform my doties, and my appetite and digestion are restored to their former state of excellence, and for which I shall ever feel grateful. I have also to observe, that it is not more than two months since I first applied to Mr. Joseph Webb, Peasegate, York, for the medicine, and who can vouch for the truth of my declaration, and to the restoration of my health at the present time.

I am, sir, your obliged and grateful servant,
Davygate, York, May 3, 1832.

L. M.
Cure of Asthma, &c.
To Mr. Meyer,
Sir, I beg leave to state that, in consequence of an ac-

cident I received last November, I was attacked with MITFORD CASTLE, NORTHUMBERLAND.

asthma, shortness of breath, and swelling of the body and legs, for which I could obtain but little relief until the be ginning of last March, when, having a supply of the

“ Vegetable Universal Medicine,” recommended by you MONT BLANC.

crevice, my feet slid from under me; I came happy to inform you that, after taking a few doses, agree

down on my face, and glided rapidly towards ably to the directions given in such cases, all the comArriving near the base of those rocks called the lower one; I cried out, but the guides who plaints above-mentioned left me, and am now in soand

, the “Grands Mulets,” we found that a chasm held the rope attached to me did not stop me, although it is now upwards of two months since I expeof eighty feet in width separated them from though they stood firm. I had got to the ex

rienced the relief herein acknowledged. With gratitude We proceeded up an acclivity forming a tent of the rope, my feet hanging over the

to God, and thankfulness to you, sir, I am induced to make

this my case known, that others, suffering under similar narrow neck of ice, but at its termination a lower crevice, one hand grasping firmly the afflictions, may experience the like relief. wall opposed us; on either hand yawned a pole, and the other my hat. The guides called

I am, sir, your obedient servant, wide and deep crevice, and it appeared that to me to be cool, and not afraid ;-a pretty 2, St. Ronan's, Deptford, Kent, May 14, 1832.

Thomas STOKES. there was no advancing without climbing this time to be cool, hanging over an abyss, and in The “Vegetable l'niversal Medicines' are to be kad at perpendicular mass of twenty feet in height. momentary expectation of falling into it! Surrey Branch, 96, Great Surrey-street; Mr. Field's, 16, Air

the College, New Road, King's Cross, London; at the The neck we were standing upon overhung a They made no attempt to pull me up for some street, Quadrant; Mr. Chappell's, Royal Exchange; Mr. gulf formed by the chasm and crevices, the moments; but then, desiring me to raise my. J. Loft's, Mile-end-road ; Mr. Bennett's, Corent-gardenvery sight of which was appalling. The wall self, they drew in the rope until I was close to market; Mr. Haydon's, Fleur-de-lis-court, Norton-falgate; met this neck with an angle formed by these them, and in safety.

Mr. Haslet's, 147, Ratcliffe-highway; Messrs. Norbury's, two crevices, which continued on each side of

The reason for this proceeding is obvious.

Brentford; Mrs. Stepping, Clare-market; Messrs. Salmon,

Little Bell-alley; Miss Varai's, 24, Lucas-street, Commerit, the angle coming to a most acute and deli

Had they attempted, on the bad and uncer- cial-road ; Mrs. Beech's, 7, Sloane-square, Chelsea ; Mrs. cate point. No time was to be lost; we were tain footing in which they stood, to check me

Chapple's, Royal Library, Pall-mall; Mrs. Pipper's, 18, standing in a very perilous situation, and at the first gliding, they might have lost their Trinity-grounds, Deptford ; Mr. Taylor, Hanwell; Nr.

Wingrove-place, Clerkenwell; Miss C. Atkinson, 19, New Coulet commenced cutting steps on the angle own balance, and our destruction would have Kirtlam, 4, Bolingbroke-row, Walworth ; Mr. Payne, 61, with his hatchet; and, after great labour, and followed ; but, by fixing themselves firmly in kermyn-street; Mr. Howard, at Mr. Wood's, hairdresser, considerable danger, in the execution of his

the cut step, and securing themselves with Mr. Griffiths, Wood-wharf, Greenwich ; Mr. Pitt, 1, Cornpurpose, got to the top, and was immediately their batons, they were enabled to support me

wall-road, Lambeth ; Mr. J. Dobson, %5, Craven-street, followed by another guide. The knapsacks

Strand; Mr. Oliver, Bridge-street, Vauxhall ; Mr. J. with certainty when the rope had gone its Monck, Bexley Heath; Mr. T. Stokes, 12, St. Ronan's, were then drawn up, and the rest of the party length. This also gave me time to recover, Deptford ; Mr. Cowell, 22, Terrace, Pimlico; Mr, Parfitt

, after them. In ascending this wall, being that I might assist them in placing myself out

ton-lane; Mr. Charlesworth, grocer, 124, Shoreditch; Mr. partly drawn up, partly climbering, I stopped of danger ; for it is not to be supposed that, in R. G. Bower, grocer, 22, Brick-lane, St. Luke's; Nr. S. for an instant, and looked down into the abyss such a situation, I did not lose, in a great de- 1. Avila, pawnbroker, opposite the church, Hackney; Mr. beneath me: the blood curdled in my veins, gree, my presence of mind. These were good 7. Gardner, 95, Wood-street, Cheapside, and 9, Nortonfor never did I behold any thing so terrific. reasons, no doubt; but, placed as I was in falgate ; Mr. J. Williamson, 15, Seabright-place, Hackney; The great beauty of the immense crevices such imminent peril, I could not have allowed road; Mr. J. Osborn, Wells-street, Hackney road, and

Homerton; Mr. H. Cox, grocer, 16, Union-street, Bishopsaround us so deer, so bright, that the ima- | them to be so.—John Auldjo's Ascent to the gate-street; Mr. T. Walter, chetsemonger, 67, Hoxton Ol gination could hardly measure them-excited Summit of Mont Blanc in 1827.

Town; and at one agent's in every principal town in Great not only my admiration, but even that of the

Britain, the Islands of Guernsey and Malta; and through

out the whole of the United States of America. guides, accustomed as they were to such scenes. For FENDERS, FIRE-IRONS, KNIVES, &c. N. B. The College will not be answerable for the conSafely on the top, on looking around, we

sequences of any medicines sold by any chymist or dynggist,

as none such are allowed to sell the “Universal Medidiscovered that these large crevices extended immense SAVING, by making their purchases, for

cines.” on each side to a very great distance, the

ready money, at
RIPPON'S OLD ESTABLISHED CHEAP FUR-

CAUTION TO THE PUCLIC. plane of the wall sloping from the upper to NISHING IRONMONGERY WAREHOUSE, the lower crevice with an inclination which

63, Castle-street East, Oxford Market, MORISON'S UNIVERSAL MEDICINES (At the corner of Castle-street and Wells-street,).

having superseded the use of almost all the Patent rendered walking on it very perilous. Some where every article sold is warranted good, and exchanged

Medicines, which the wholesale venders have foisted apos proposed to return to the commencement of if not approved of.

the credulity of the searchers after health, for so many the neck of ice which we had passed, and, ings, 123. per pair; Ivory-handled oval-rimmed Table

Tea Urn, 30s.; Plated Candlesticks, with Silver Mount. years, the town druggists and chemists, not able to establish

a fair fame on the invention of any plausible means of making a circuit from it, to get to the base of Knives and Forks, 40s. the set of 50 pieces ; Fashionable compétition, have plunged into the mean expedient of paffthe “Grands Mulets," on the other side of the Iron Fenders-Black, 18s. Bronzed, 21s.; Brass Fenders, ing up a "Dr. Morrison” (observe the subterfuge of the

double r), a being who never existed, as prescribing a great crevice, and climb up the rock; others 10.; Green Feuders, with brass tops, 2s.; Fire Irons, 25. per set; Polished Steel Fire Irons, 4s. 6d. per set; Brass

“Vegetable Universal Pill, No. 1 and 2," for the express were for proceeding, and their advice was fol- Fire Furniture, 58. 6d. per set; Block-tin Dishe Covers: lic), of deteriorating the estimation of the " UNIVERSAL

purpose (by ineans of this forged imposition upon the publowed. Walking with the greatest caution, 18.; Bottle Jacks, ss. Gd. ; Copper Warming Pans, 6.

MÉDICINES” of the “ BRITISH COLLEGE OF in steps cut with the hatchet, we moved on

HEALTH.”

KNOW ALL Men, then, that this attempted delosion very slowly; the ice was slippery, and a false Pots, 1s. 4d, each; Japanned Tea Trays, 1s.; Waiters, 25., Bread T'rays, 3d. ; Japamed Chamber Candlesticks,

must fall under the fact, that (however specions the prestep might have endangered the life of more with Snuffers and Extinguisher, 6d.; Snuffers and Tray,

tence), none can be held genuine by the College but those than one individual. The wall now widened, 6d.; Black-handled Steel Table Knives and Forks, 25. 9d.

which have “Morison's Universal Medicines" impressed

upon the Government Stamp, attached to each box and but the slope became more inclined. Taking the half-dozen; Copper Coal-scoops, 10.; a newly in

[graphic]

packet, to counterfeit which is felony by the laws of the my steps with the greatest care, I could not boiled, steamed, or roasted, price 5s., 6., and 78.; Copper prevent myself from slipping; as the space

Iron, and Tin Saucepans and Stewpans, together with became wider, I became less cautious, and, every article in the above line, cheaper than any other

Printed by J. Haddon and Co.; and Published House in London.

by J. Crisp, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster while looking over the edge into the upper

For Readu Money only.

Row, where all Advertisements and Cor noncations for the Editor are to be addressed

Jand.

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