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wave over that lovely country, and the sound | THE CONVERSION OF MONSIEUR DE preliminary discourse of a translation of the of the jubilee, music shall be answered in a

LA HARPE, A FRENCH INFIDEL Psalter, the first work in which the author anvoice of thunder from the cannon, which will,

PHILOSOPHER.

nounced his conversion. doubtless, re-echo the joyful news throughout

This conversion was attended by all the every valley and rafine-o felicem diem!

Some of our readers may recollect, in marks of a sincere conviction. The manuBat I must still stand by faets. I have seen the overseer, during the infliction of punishour last number, a curious manuscript, script notes of M. De la Harpe afforded an

“ I was in prison, ment, at the steps of his house, coolly reading found among the posthumous papers of additional proof of it

. an island newspaper, while his victim would De la Harpe, containing, among other says he and all alone, in a state of profound be all the time writhing in agony shocking to things, a prophecy, respecting the future found that the study of the Psalins and thie behold, imploring him to be merciful, but in history of the philosopher. Some anxiety gospels had produced a strong though gradual vain; the only answer would be a volley of may be felt to know how the prediction effect upon my mind. I was already numpaths, and reiterated threats to the driver, that of his conversion to Christianity, at that bered among the faithful. . beheld a new he would have him in his eye if he did not use his whip better. On some estates it is quite

time so improbable, received its fulfil- light; but it alarmed and terrified me, by discommon to flog the hot-house negroes because ment, and that information is supplied in covering the abyss, an abyss of forty years

of error.

I beheld the evil, but could not disthey are sick ; such is fact. It is nonsense to the following narrative :

cern the remedy. There was no one to afford talk of redress to the slave as long as the ma

Every person who has paid the least atten. me aid. On one hand, my life appeared hechinery of slavery is held together. The over tion to French literature, knows that there was fore me, represented to me by the light which seer and book-keeper may nog, and strike, and

a society of men of letters, who held regular beamed from the torch of celestial truth. On kiek, with impunity; the slave must submit meetings, in order to canvass the best mode of the other, I looked on death, that death which in sullen silence. It is almost a pity, one directing their attacks against Christianity. I daily expected, and as it was then inflicted. would say, that he did so.

Diderot was the patron of these atheists; The priest no longer appeared on the scaffold The flogging and striking is not always con- D'Alembert, Condorcet, and many others, to console the dying victim: he ascended it fined to the fleshy parts of the back, although were members of this society. But none was rather to die himself there. Oppressed by that is generally the part; and, indeed, is so more conspicuous than M. De la Harpe. He those desolating ideas, my heart sunk within wways wlien the full quantum of punishment was the favourite of Voltaire, repeatedly visited me ; and, addressing myself

with a smothered is given. I have seen the drivers striking with him, and resided with him at Verney; acted voice to the God whom I had scarcely knowil, bamboos on the nose and neck, or even on the

on his theatre; dedicated his first play to him; What ought I to do? and I, what will be my breasts of female slaves. I should not have and, in return, Voltaire revised his produc- lot?'. Upon the table lay Thoinas a Kempis. dwelt on this last, but I have occasionally seen tions, recommended him to official patronage, I had already been assured of the excellence girls so used. The fleshy parts of the back are secured a party to his favour, and in short ex of his work, of the comfort I should derive generally quite ploughed in furrows by the erted all his interest to render him popular. from it, and of the power it possessed to soothe whip; it produces almost the same effect as if

De la Harpe, treading in the footsteps of my desponding thoughts. I, therefore, opened one was to take a knife and cut the part in his master, promoted the French revolution to

the book as accident directed, and my eyes scores so well is the whip used. It is a tre- his utmost. The ever-shifting government of fell upon these words :- Behold, I am here, mendous length, and the driver makes it ring | France, during many a turbulent seene, was my son; I come to you because you have round his head ; every crack went like steel to sometimes friendly, sometimes inimical, to

called me.' I read no more; the instantamy heart. I was actually astonished and literature and literati. By one of these tem neous effect which I experienced is beyond alarmed when I first saw its infliction, how a single white could actually use such power in rested, and shut up in the Luxemburg. The porary presidencies M. De la Harpe was ar all expression, and I am as unable to describe

as to forget it. I fell with my face on the the teeth of hundreds of slaves. After the

greater number of those with whom he had earth, and bathed in tears, while my words flesh is so cut and torn, rum and salt pickle been particularly connected bad already suf- and cries were half uttered, from the violence are rubbed upon the wounds; and then what | fered on the scaffold, and the same fate ap- of my sobbings. At the same time, I found pain does he suffer! Some may not believe peared to be reserved for him. At the mo my heart expanding and relieved; but, at the this; I am ready to swear to the truth of it in ment when he was consigned to a prison, the very same moment, as if it were ready to split. the face of any assemblage in the country. I opinions of those modern philosophers with Indeed, I remember very little of this situation, once heard a “learned disquisition” amongst whom he had associated were not efaced from but that I wept long; and, beyond all comthe book-keepers, whether rum or salt pickle his mind; and, although he abominated their parison, my heart never experienced such viowas the best adapted to agonize the slave, effects, the principles themselves had not alto- lent and delicious emotions, and these words, and, I think, they came to a conclusion that gether lost their influence.

Behold, I am here, my son!' did not cease both might be best. I may add, that these In this comfortless situation; M. De la to resound, as it were, through my soul, and severe and unremitted punishments are fre- Harpe had the happiness to find a fellow-pri- to arouse all the faculties of it.” quently inflicted, and that for what any rea soner whose piety afforded him the means of M. De la Harpe considered it as a duty to sonable, humane person would deem very consolation, and by whom it was recommended proclaim in public those truths which he had trifling faults--for being behind the rest of

to employ himself in studying the Psalms of formerly been so unfortunate as to oppose, and the gang a few minutes--for having allowed David, which M. De la Harpe had never it was with this view that he resumed the chair any of the cattle to escape into the bush, which looked into but as containing some poetical of the Lyceum. The effect produced by him in many parts of the thickly-wooded country beauties, and even of these he did not retain at the first sitting will never be forgotten. The cannot possibly be avoided — for returning the least remembrance. His new friend, how-orator, in a speech full of energy and pathos, words to the driver-and, in short, for many ever, fearing lest he might alarm the philoso- gave a picture of the national manners, pointed oftences far more trivial. Not unfrequently pher by such a proposition, urged this employ- | out their causes

, and inspired the crowded the white despot may have been crossed in his ment rather as a means of amusing his anxious audience with those sentiments of indignation ainours, and his black rival undergoes the mind, and therefore requested him to write a which he himself felt. The uoble and pathepunishment which ought to have been inflict- mere literary commentary on these sublime tic delivery of M. De la Harpe gave great ed on himself. Slavery demoralizes and blunts productions.

weight to the principles he maintained; and the feelings of all who come in contact with

M. De la Harpe, charmed with an occupa- it was remarked, with truth, that his eloquence it, or are actually participators of its illegal tion which was so 'congenial to his taste and became more perfect when it was altogether gains. On my arrival in the island I lodged inclination, entered at once upon this work. At consecrated to the support of such a cause, in the house of a free black woman, in Fal- the very commencement he was convinced that It was to be expected that his zeal would mouth, who actually had her own brother and the Psalms contained poetical beauties of a very attract, as it afterwarls did, the spirit of pertwo sisters for slaves. She frequently applied superior character; and, as he proceeded, this secution, and he was twice proscribed. Au the bamboos herself

, or else superintended the opinion was proportionally heightened. 'The order was issued to get possession of him, operation. I have heard her say, “ Now, inind perisal

, of other pions works strengthened the alive or dead; but he contined to pursue luis what you be about;,you will catch something growing inclination, and he at length disco labours with an undisturbed tranquillity. His you don't like, else." And this lady seemed vered the real source of this consolation, and defence of religion then vocupied luis mind. to-think-that there was nothing wrong in the that help to which the wretclied never apply Without consulting the authors who had writmatter. She undoubtedly was of opinion that, in vain. This commentary, which was at first ten on the same subject

, he confined himself the system.“worked well.''

undertaken with the warmth of gratitude, and to the meditation of the sacrerl writings, and (To be Continued.)

continued with the zeal of piety, became the drow from that only source the arguments

Who most desery'd an elder sister's love.

M. M.

KORUMAS, SHORTNESS of BREATH, &c. &c.

which he opposed to the philosophers. He

APHORISMS.

in as much larger a degree to any other anipossessed an advantage unknown to his prede

mal, as he is superior to any in his intellectual cessors. Connected as he had long been with

exertions and universal capacity. - Sharon the infidel writers, he was well acquainted If a tyrant is brought to this pass, as to feel the Turner's Sacred History of the World. with the strong and the weak parts of their reflection of his tyranny over others, in that which doctrines, and, to use his own words, he had his own jealousy exercises upon himself; and if

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. his own thoughts plot and conspire against him; passed almost the whole of his life in the

Communications have been received from T. P. R., his very diadem is but a splendid mockery, his T. M. N., J. F.

and Anonymous. enemy's camp.

throne a rack, and all his royalty nothing else but Our thanks are due to our “ Constantly-entertained All the activity of his mind was exerted in

a great and magnificent misery.- Dr. South. Reader." the sacred cause to which he had devoted

The best part of beauty is that which a picture We are sorry we cannot insert the " Fragment himself; nor did the continual danger to which cannot express.-Lord Bacon.

of W. R. he was exposed interrupt the tranquillity of The garlands gained by the heroes of literature his mind. He has often said that this period must be gathered from summits equally difficult to

CHRISTMAS GIFT. of persecution was the happiest of his life. climb with those that bear the civic or triumphal Near a clear stream, that flow'd within a wood,

With ivy deck'd, an ainple cottage stood, His intimate friends had frequently seen him, wreaths; they must be worn with equal envy, and

From storms protected by the clustering trees, when he thought himself unobserved by them, guarded with equal care from those hands that are

That with their leafy shelter check'd the breeze

And fanu'd the curling smoke: here was a spot, prostrate on the earth, as it were, before God, always employed in efforts to tear them away: the

Where nature's bounties had adorn'd the coi. and displaying a sense of the most lively and only remaining hope is, that their verdure is more

Virtue extranged from grief and strife lasting, and that they are less likely to fade by sincere repentance. His health was, however, time, or less obnoxious to the blasts of accident.

The bappier shares of the sweets of life!

The trne-going clock had chimed the hour of ten materially affected by his confinement; and, Dr. Johnson.

On Christmas eve; Ellen rose then, after his return to public notice, he gradually That which is not for the interest of the whole

To welcome home the friends she lov'd most dearsunk under a complication of disorders . He hive, cannot be so for any single bee.—Marcus

Brothers and sisters, who always prov'd sincere ;

Return'il from school, they all embrac'd each other, preserved his presence of mind to the last; and, AURELIUS.

Aftection's clasp held sister, father, motber; when his enfeebled eyes could not bear the Children lament their parents, sincerely indeed,

Who, for this happiness quite clate,

Blessed the Great Being-Goul of state ! light from amidst the curtains which were but with that moderate and tranquil sorrow which Each their little gift prepared, to prove drawn around him, from the gloom of this it is natural for those to feel who are conscious of

Fair Ellen smil'd; she view'd the little store, anticipated tomb he continued to converse retaining many tender ties, many anjmating pros

Whose greatest treasure was--Rowland's Kalydor! with his friends on the comforts he experi- pects. Parents mourn for their children with the

Which, to preserve the skin from harın, enced from religion, on the errors of his life, bitterness of despair: the aged parent, the widowed

In England is the only balm.

One trial given-Beauty shall succeed, and on the mercy of his God. He died Febru- mother, loses, when she is deprived of her children,

every thing but the capacity of suffering; her And RowLAND prove hinself a friend in need ! ary 11th, 1803, aged 64.

heart, withered and desolate, admits no other ob

ject, cherishes no other hope. -Robert Hall. GRATITUDE IN A SLAVE.

;

HENRY BRETT, of 109, Drury Lane, Wine and A LADY residing at the Mauritius, many

Spirit Merchant, do solemnly athrm and declare, that I do NOTHING MADE IN VAIN.

not, and will not, in any case, practise deleterious adulteyears ago, emancipated a slave, whose good

ration; that I invariably vend the genuine PATENT conduct and fidelity she wished to reward : The Creator has made nothing that is un

FRENCH DISTILLED BRANDY, so highly recom

mended by the faculty, and pronounced the "only known being in affluent circumstances, she gave him, useful-nothing so insulated as to have no

pure spirit in the world,” precisely as I receive it from the with his freedom, a sum of money which en relations with any thing else-nothing which distillery; that my consumption of that article, in the orabled him to establish himself in business; is not serviceable or instrumental to other

pur

dinary course of trarle, during the last four months, consi

derably exceeded 3,000 gallons ; that counterfeits abound in and, being very industrious and thrifty, he poses besides its own existence-nothing that every direction; but that in fact no other establishment in soon became rich enough to purchase a small is not to be applicable or convertible to the Drury-lane has ever been supplied by the patentee. estate in the country, whither he retired with benefit of His sentient creatures, in some

Price, as at the distillery, 18s. per imperial gallon, re

tailed at 2s. 3d. per pint, and in sealed bottles, 3s.od. each. his family. Years passed away, and, whilst respect or other. The mineral has a connexion Sample bampers of half a dozen of wine, 178.; of half a he was rapidly accumulating money, his for- of this sort with both the vegetable and ani dozen of spirits, 17s. 6d., package included. Conditions:

Cash on delivery of goods in London or the suburbs. Ex mer mistress was sinking into poverty: mis- mal kingdoms, and these with each other. The

changed if disapproved of ; forfeited if inferior to sample. fortune had overtaken her, and she found her same principle has been pursued throughout Country postage payable by purchasers.

HENRY BRETT, 109, Drury-lane. N.B. 109. self, in old age, poor, solitary, neglected, and the animated classes of nature. No one species

Nov. 30, 1832. in want of the common necessaries of life. of living being has been formed only for itself, This man heard of her unhappy condition, or can subsist in absolute uselessness to others.

the CURE of COUGHS, COLDS, and immediately came to the town and sought This is one grand purpose for causing so many WALTER'S ANISEED PILLS.-The numerous and her out in her humble abode. With the ut races of animal beings to subsist on each respectable Testimonials daily received of the extraordimost respect he expressed his concern at find other. By this system, each enjoys the gift of nary, efficacy of the above Pills, in curing the most dising his honoured lady in so reduced a state, life, and each is made to contribute, by the

tressing and long-established diseases of the pulmonary and

respiratory organs, induce the Proprietor to recommend and implored her to come to his estate, and termination of that gift, to the well-being of them to the notice of those afflicted with the above com allow him the gratification of providing for her others. Fishes are thus useful to each other,

plaints, conceiving that a Medicine which has now stood future comforts.

the test of experience for several years cannot be too gene. to many birds, to some animals, and to man. rally known. They are composed entirely of balsamic The lady was much affected at the feeling Birds have their period of happiness for them and vegetable ingredients, and are so speedy in their beneevinced by her old servant, but declined his selves, and are serviceable to others of their found suficient ; and, unlike most Cough Medicines, they offer. He could not, however, be prevailed on kind, and to man, and to some quadrupeds, neither affect the head, confine the bowels, nor produce to relinquish his design : “My good mistress," in their mode of death, instead of mouldering of. The following cases are submitted to the Publie from said he,“ oblige me by accepting my services; through corruption into their material dissolu

many in the Proprietor's possession :-K. Boke, of Globewhen you were rich you were kind to me; you tion. Quadrupeds have the same double use lane, Mile-end, was perfectly cured of a violent cough, gave me freedom and money, with which, in their existence : their own enjoyment, and Wible, by taking three or four doses. E. Booley, of Queen

attended with hoarseness, which rendered his speech inanthrough God's blessing, I have been enabled the benefit, at their death, to those of their street, Spitalfields, after taking a few doses, was entirely to make myself comfortable in life; and now own order, and to the birds and reptiles, many months, and tried almosi every ihing without sucI only do my duty in asking you to share my worms and insects, that have been appointed cess. Prepared by W. Walter, and sold by I. A. Sharprosperity wħen you are in need." His urgent to derive nutrition from their substance. All wood, No. 55, Bishopsgate Without, in boxes, at ls. 14d. entreaties at length prevailed, and the lady | the kingdoms of nature have been likewise so

and three in one for 25. Od.; and by appointment, by Han.

mny and Co., No. 63, Oxford-street; Green, No. 42, Whitewas conveyed, in his palanquin, to the com constructed as to be beneficial to the human chapel-road; Prout, No. 226, Strand; Sharp, Cross-street, fortable and well-furnished apartinents assign- race, not as nutriment only, but in the thou- Islington; Pink, No. 65, High-street, Borongh; Allison,

No. 130, Brick-lane, Bethnal green; Farrar, Upton-place, ed to her by his grateful care. His wife and sand conveniences to which they are converti- Commercial-road; Hendebourek, 326, Holborn; and by daughters received her with the utmost respect, ble. The amphibious order of nature is no

all the wholesale and retail Medicine Venders in the United and always showed, by their conduct, that they exception to these general results. Its various Kingdom Bencelisquence of the increased demand considered themselves her servants. Deserted genera contribute their proportion to the com against Counterfeits-none can be genuine unless signed by by those who had been her equals in station, mon stock of mutual utilities. They have

I. A. Sharwood on the Government Stamp, and W. Walter

on the outside wrapper.- Be sure to ask for “ Walter's and who had professed themselves her friends their own gratification from their personal ex Aniseed Pills." whilst she was in affluence, this good lady istence; they contribute by their substance to passed the remainder of her days in comfort the maintenance of others of their fellow-creaand ease, amid those who had once been her tures; and some of their genera serve to mul

Printed by J. Haddon and Co.; and Published

by J. Crisp, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster dependants.-Recollections of the Mauritius, tiply the conveniences and pleasures of man. Row, where all Advertisements and Communiby a Lady

He derives advantages from all that exists, cations for the Editor are to be addressed.

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It has been observed of our architec-1 Wren carried modern ecclesiastical archi- 1 to a church, we see in the magnificent ture, that “we were admirable Goths, tecture to its very highest perfection in steeples of St. Bride's and Bow, but they and we have never become good Gre- this country; and since his time, with but are not fixed in the roof, but rise in alt cians.” This remark is especially correct few exceptions, it has been gradually de- their majesty from a sufficient tower and if we apply it to the greater number of clining, as too many of the incongruous base from the ground. One of the largest our modern churches, in the building of superstructures of the present day will and most expensive of the new churches which a pedantic imitation of the temples testify. Since custom requires the ap- is that of St. Pancras, built at the cost of Greece and Rome has been attempted, pendage of a steeple to all parish churches, of seventy thousand pounds; yet, alwithout much regard to situation or pro- our architecture should be accommodated though it is imitated from some of the priety, heathen symbols adorning Chris- to our wants. A spire being of Gothic purest remains of Athenian architecture, tian temples, with towers and spires origin, it requires much talent to make it from want of originality of design, it sitting, astride upon Grecian pediments, harmonize with a Greek portico; it is, must be considered as a splendid failure. or rising from a root which appears perhaps, therefore, the most difficult thing It is imitated from the temple of Erecscarcely able to bear the superincumbent to design in modern architecture; yet theus, from the Pandrosium, and from the weight. Our immortal Sir Christopher that it can be made a beautiful addition Temple of the Winds.

CONNECTED WITH

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about 360 feet, and its height 107 feet. who have never kept a "night-spell," as it is / their skill in the mechanism of their different

Perhaps the finest specimen of the A FEW DISJOINTED FACTS have frequently seen some of the negroes anadaptation of Grecian architecture to a

swer for perhaps a friend or brother, that he modern church is that of St. Sulpice, at SLAVERY IN JAMAICA,

might be saved from punishment. This is Paris, which has been erected at various

sometimes done effectually, without detection,

BY CHARLES JOHNSTON, when the gang is engaged trashing a large times and by various hands. It was com

Late Book-keeper, Llandovery Estate, St. Ann's, cane piece, so that the absentee may arrive menced, in 1646, from the designs of

Jamaica.

just in time, before he is actually missed. Louis Levau, Anne of Austria, regent of

(Continued from page 142.)

In trashing a cane piece--that is, stripping the kingdom, laying the first stone on the Often have I, on returning from the field in off the withered leaves of the cane, prior to its 20th of February; in 1678 the erection the evening, the most enchanting scenery being cut down for the mill-the gang are was suspended, for want of money, until opening on all sides to my view, and the kept at their work by the book-keeper and 1718, when it was continued under the horizon bespangled with all the gorgeous dis- drivers continually moving along the line. direction of Gille Marie Oppenord, an

play of a Jamaica sun-set, when my wayward This labour might appear, at first sight, or to

musings, perhaps of the happy home I had a casual observer, as very light, and easily architect who had obtained great reputa- left, would be interrupted by the heart-rend- gone through; but such is not at all the case. tion, although little deserving of it, his ing screams of agony from a distant estate Through a large cane-piece the cooling breeze designs being in the worst style of the borne on the breeze. “Oh! would any feeling camot penetrate, from the impervious nature time of Louis XV. It was reserved for person live in such a country, where, instead of the canes themselves, inclining in all directhe Chevalier Servandorie to raise the of the faithful barking of the watch-dog, their tions, covered with leaves; and this, along majestic façade, of which a representation ears are shocked by the cries of the oppressed, with the continued stooping of the body reis given above.

quired in the operation, is very galling, and It is at once airy and

the deeply-injured slave! grand, consisting of two tiers of columns : Hours of Labour (crop time).

generally sickening to both blacks and whites.

In digging cane-holes, the labour is uncumthe lower of the Doric order, which are From June to August I conceive the general monly severe, and, as must always happen, the forty-three feet high, and five feet and a labouring hours * to be from five in the morn- stronger negroes soon outstrip their weaker half in diameter ; the upper of the lonic ing till sunset

, with only half an hour to break- fellows, who are lashed on against the strength order, with two lofty towers, rising from fast, and an hour to dinner, with no other rest of their bodies. In all operations connected

whatever during the day. each end to the height of 222 feet from

They are goaded with the agriculture of Jamaica, wretched as the basement. The whole length of this specific—the whip. They are only allowed same. on by the sovereign remedy—the universal to detail it is, the whole management is the

The drivers flog, and swear, and splendid front is about 416 feet, in one water during work; or, if digging cane holes threaten; and the book-keeper performs rigidunbroken line, strongly exhibiting the out of crop), sugar and water is allowed, but ly his part of the drama, which is that of a bold conception of the architect, it being no rum, or any thing else whatever. During spy on the drivers and slaves.

Having mythen regarded as the height of talent to crop-time, the negroes have to take their turn self had the misfortune to fill such a situation, overload with ornament, and fritter away

in the boiling-house every other night, with I can compare it to nothing else. The driver the simplicity of horizontal lines by all

perhaps a few days' delay at a time. Thus a has all immediate power in the field ; the

slave is engaged all day in cutting canes, and book-keeper has none. This of course is worse kinds of unmeaning and fanciful projec- has then, at sunset, to trudge away to the for the slaves; for the driver, well knowing tions.

boiling-house, and stand behind the coppers what awaits his remissness, flogs in great The towers are the united productions all the weary night. Another part of the gang style, shouting as he proceeds, “ Buckra work of Maclaurin and Chalgrin, who deviated keep up the fires without; others, again, are -buckra work!” which has a wonderful effect from the original design of Servandorie, carrying canes to the mill; and the women in stimulating the muscles of the slaves. which, it appears, had but little to com

are either doing this last work, or carrying Slaves engaged within doors. mend it. The south tower still remains away the trash (bruised canes) to the yard,

On the estate where I was placed, and,

. in an unaccountably and disgracefully They are allowed no rum to support them indeed, I believe on all sugar estates, besides unfinished state. The interior of this while standing at the coppers. Those in the

the field negroes, there was a gang of carpenchurch is scarcely less imposing than its boiling-house may, indeed, sip a little of the blacksmiths. The carpenters were no mean

ters, of coopers, and of masons, with two exterior. It was completed in 1745, and liquid sugar with impunity, but even this workmen, and some of their light fancy artiwas then dedicated. It is the largest shabby pittance is refused to those engaged in cles would do no discredit to a cabinet-maker parish church in Paris, its length being

the yard—they are not allowed a pan-full in in this country. It was astonishing to witness

when they leave off work. The high altar is extremely beautiful. termed, can have but à faint idea of the real operations, and their exceeding neatness of It is situated between the nave and the slavery of those negroes employed at the cop, of course the smith also, worked under shade;

handicraft. Both carpenters and coopers, and choir, is finely ornamented, and has much pers, compelled to stand at their post, exposed and, even in this respect, they were greatly grandeur of effect. Behind the choir, in to the volumes of suffocating vapours continu- better off than their less fortunate fellows, who which are some good pictures by Vanloo, ally ascending, and which completely enve

had to toil beneath a burning sun; and beis the Chapel of the Virgin, profusely lope their sable bodies, struggling to oppose sides, they had no whip suspended over their is the Chapel of the Virgin, profusely the inroads of somnolency which continually heads (although liable to its infliction as well decorated with gilding and painting. It threaten them—so much, that I have frequently heads

, although liable to its infliction as well is illuminated by a concealed window, seen them tumble over with the ladle in their producing a most pleasing effect. hand. In the midst of all their hardships, themselves as superior to the other slaves;

their operations. They seemed to consider recess above the altar is a fine piece of and this is a glaring one, these sculpture of the Virgin and infant Christ yet find time for å harmless joke-the real and, when their workshops were closed after in white marble ; they are represented goodness of their nature shining forth in the crop-tine, they shouldered their hoes with the midst of every misery.

greatest reluctance as they hied away to the with a large globe at their feet, upon

field. which lies, slightly coiled, the “ bruised”

Labour in the Field.

The masons were chiefly employed in keepor dead serpent. In the transepts is On arriving at the field in the morning, the ing the fences in repair, or in building what traced a meridian, at the extremity of list of the gang is called by the book-keeper, in Scotland would be termed “ dry-stane which is an astronomical pillar. The

or rather read in hearing of the black driver. dykes.” When superintended by a white two fonts within the entrance of the the driver;

and, if no answer, he is set down the different public and private erections

As each name is read, it is loudly called by person, they build very substantial houses, as church are rather curious, being formed as absent, and may be punished by the driver, throughout the colony, (built of course by variof the shells of one of the largest Tri- when he does arrive, on the spot, or by order ous gangs) sufficiently testify. The courtdachna gigas (giant chama) known. It of the overseer when he comes to the field. I houses at Falmouth and Puerto Maria would was presented by the Venetian republic

stand comparison with many in Scotland; to Francis I.

and the great houses” of the proprietors and T.

* This can be well ascertained by sun-rise and attorneys are no less distinguished for the sun-set at this period of the year.

beauty and elegance of their structure. None

In a

say so.

of these mechanics receive pay; they are I have little fears that the slaves would be

BIRD-MIND. merely given something additional over the guilty of any great excesses, were they to be To delineate the instincts, the feelings, and field negro's allowance, but on most estates instantly liberated; but, firmly am I of opi- habits of the feathered kingdom, is no part of there is, I believe, no distinction whatever. nion, that as soon as their first ebullitions of joy my present intention. There is as much of Sabbath Work.

and gladness were over, that they would com what resembles intellectual sensibilities and The negroes are uniformly engaged in the mence a new era in their existence—that of reasoning, will and judgment, in them, as in forenoon of Sunday potting sugar-I never WILLING free labourers.

This ana

any genus of fish or quadrupeds. saw any exception during crop, which is the

What reason has any one to suppose other-logy may be even extended to ourselves; at only time they are so employed. The mill

, wise? They have more reason to commit ex: least, I cannot but admit the application of it

cesses now than they will have then. It would to such qualities in myself. I have frequently too, is generally put about at sun-set on the Sabbath—for the slave it is no holiday. I be an easy matter, nothing could be easier, to surveyed the various poultry and the birds that have heard the overseer say, with an oath, that murder the whites in bed, were they so in frequent the fields and gardens around me,

The free blacks with these considerations. If I could transfer he did not see why the book-keepers should clined. But do they do so? grudge being in the boiling-house in the Sab- free; and no one has any cause for supposing knowledge it has acquired, but with its natural and browns are peaceable, because they are

my own mind, divested of all the human bath forenoons, when they were paid for it.

that the present slaves would not be equally faculties unimpaired, into the body of any Clothing allowed by the Proprietor. They are allowed ten yards of Osnaburgh, to enjoy equality of privileges, and to act their

peaceable and industrious, were they permitted fowl about, and give to it the ideas and meseven yards of camblet cloth, a hat, a knife, part in the great family of man.

mory which their organs and habits have acand some needles and thread : this is a man's

Those who are interested in the upholding ment on such sensations as theirs, act otherwise

quired, should I, in the exercise of my judgallowance; the females have in addition five of the disgraceful system, rail at the idea of than as they do under the circumstances in yards of striped stuff, I think, which consti- knowledge being extended to the slaves; which they are placed and live?, When I tutes their whole allowance for the year ; this, alleging that they were quite incapable of have put the question to myself, I have not with seven herrings weekly, salt fish, rice, and being instructed. Such, however, happens not been able to discern that I should, in their some other trifles, along with the provision to be the case. No candid person who has bodies and condition, conduct myself very difground allowed them, is all they have for their had any opportunity of studying the subject ferently from them. They seem to do all the year's toil—an everlasting disgrace to slave

would If free blacks and browns not things they ought; and to act with what may be dealers.

only have the capacity to acquire knowledge, called a steady common sense in their respecAre the Slaves happy ?

but are known to do so with an avidity truly tive situations. I have never seen a bird do a I should be considered a madman were I to laudable, I cannot see why enslaved blacks foolish thing for a creature of their powers, pronounce the slaves happy, after having en- should not do so with equal enthusiasm, and frame, and organs, and in their state. Eachi tered thus far into the details of their condi- that with infinitely more advantage and lasting acts with a uniform propriety ; nothing fantion. They are not happy-generally and benefit to themselves, than eagerly imitating tastic, absurd, inconsistent, maniacal, or conspecifically, I say they are not. It would be the worst vices of the whites. They are, in tradictory, appears in their simple habits or an easy matter to prove the assertion, were I fact, most anxious to be instructed—they fre-daily conduct. They seem to have mental enabled to do so at this time. They say them- quently express that wish.

faculties and feelings like mine, up to a cerselves they are not happy, and one would think I must now conclude, trusting that the tain extent; but to that they are limited. that they should be best qualified to judge on British nation may, at length, and at no distant They have not the universality--the diversithat point. “Better me dead !” is a common period, redress the wrongs of injured Africa. exclamation of theirs. “White man no work,"

I subscribe myself,

fying capacity--nor the improvability of the

human intellect. The bird-mind is the same say they,“ but poor niger work;" and " white

Charles JOHNSTON,

bird-mind from generation to generation. man sell poor niger." I laugh at the idea of

Late Book-keeper, St. Ann's, Jumaica. The nightingale is now what the nightingale happiness being consistent with slavery; the 13, Rankeiller Street, Edinburgh,

was four and six thousand years ago-nothing one word stands in direct opposition to the December 4, 1832.

less--nothing more. The eagle is as incapable other. It is contrary to the human heart to suppose that a slave, especially a West Indian Although not a full year in Jamaica, I of advanceinent as the sparrow. The common one, should be happy.

yet had ample opportunities of observing the fowl, which is found in all regions and cliFrequently has it occurred to me, when every day details of slavery; and, happy mates of the globe, is in each one exactly being an unwilling witness of their punish- should I be, should my humúle, but sincere, alike in its functions, faculties, and habits. ments, that the poor creatures, placed, as they efforts in the cause of negro liberty, break but The song-birds warble now just as they have are, in a state of abject degradation, looked on one link of the negro's chain. They may rely

done ever since human history has noticed on my voice being ever raised in their defence,

them. their oppressors with a smile of ineffable con

It is this confining identity which tempt, as much as to say, “God help you: if and no less my humble, but willing, pen, in separates birds and all animals so widely from

man. They never improve ; while his cap: we were inclined, we could soon sacrifice you spite of obloquy and scorn-so help me, God! to our just resentment; but, only as we fear

CHARLES Johnston. bility of progression is as yet illimitable, and

-Sharon Turner's

may perhaps ever be so. sinning much more than you do, we will leave The whole of the above facts were wrote in Sacred History of the World. you alone at present—there is a good time great haste, Mr. Knibb having been suddenly coming.” It is my own fixed opinion, founded called to London, but they can, at any time, on some experience, that the planters, and be extended and more particularly entered VERSES BY KING HENRY VI. other whites in Jamaica, owe their safety solely upon.

C. J. to the efforts of philanthropie individuals in

Probably written about forty years before Chaucer, this country in their cause. These efforts,

between the years 1422 und 1440. POPE JULIUS II. AND MICHAEL being well known to the slaves, stay their up

ANGELO.

KINGDOMs are but cares; lifted arm and retard the day of vengeance.

State is devoid of stay ;
During this Pope's visit to Bologna, Mi-
Would they work for wages ?

Riches are ready snares,
chael Angelo modelled a statue of him. The

And hasten to decay. I certainly think they would. They seem air and attitude of the statue is said to have very fond of collecting a little money; and, been grand, austere, and majestic ; in one of Pleasure is a privy game, in my opinion, the negroes would give a better the visits he received from his Holiness, the Which vice does still provoke; account of their labours by ihe substituting of Pope, making his observations and remarks Pomp, unprompt; and fame, a flame; rewards instead of punishments. It would be with his accustomed familiarity, asked if the Power à mouldering smoke. an easy matter to enlarge on the subject, but extended right arm was bestowing a blessing

Who meaneth to remove the roche time presses, or a curse on the people ? “La benedizione

Out of his slimy mud; It would be a strange inconsistency were the o la maledizione ? To which Michael Angelo Shall mire himself, and hardly 'scape planters to prefer their present unsettled and replied, the action is only meant to be hostile

The swelling of the flood. continually excited life, exposed on all hands to disobedience; and then asked his Holiness, to assassination and treachery, to one that whether he would not have a book put into should bring comparative happiness, I have the other hand ? To which the Pope face

GERMAN EPIGRAM. little doubt, in its train, were they to substitute tiously replied, “ No, a sword would be more WELCOME to memory-and forgetfulness ; free for forced labour, the schoolmaster in lieu adapted to my character; I am no book-man.” The one for joy, the other for distress. of the driver-that slavery-made fiend ! - Duppa's Life of Michael Angelo.

Götz.

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