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In October, 1746, as he passed through the Castleyard on the memorial day of the Irish rebellion in 1641, he met two ladies, and a girl of about eight years of age, who, stepping on a little before them, turned about suddenly, and, with uplifted hands and horror in her countenance, exclaimed, Are there any of those bloody papists in Dublin? This incident, which to a different hearer would be laughable, filled the doctor with anxious reflections. He immediately inferred that the child's terror proceeded from the impression made on her mind, by the sermon preached that day in Christ-church, whence those ladies proceeded ; and having procured a copy of the fermon, he found that his surmise was well founded. In a fpirit very different from that of the preacher, he immediately, on returning to his house, fat down to give some check to the hatred and asperity revived in these anniversary invectives, from seats fet apart for the propagation of truth and benevolence among

His tract on this subject he put in the form of a Dialogue, wherein one of the interlocutors fhews the unfairness, and absurdity also, of charging to any religion whatever, the crimes which that religion condemns, but which some of its professors may, at times, be guilty of. After such general reflections, he exposes the unfortunate causes which led to the insurrection in 1641, and the fatal consequences which followed. Three kingdoms were then in a flame, and the moderation and good sense of a few could not stop the conflagration : though it might in the beginning be easily quenched by those in power, had not their private views and self-interest biaffed them to supply the fuel. The people of our days are no further concerned in such evils, than to remind them of never repeating them. The cause removed, the effects should not be active, and be active, solely, from suggestions of the imagination. To this the adversary to that interlocutor made answer, that though the evils complained of, have



long ceased, yet that among papists the principle remains, and must justify every legal penalty they are exposed to : He converted supposition, into a fact which he could not prové. With no better argument, the Dialogue was attacked in a voluminous pamphlet, by Mr. Walter Harris, a gentleman unversed in the philosophy of history, and flagrantly abusive, but fit enough for his office of a compiler. Dr. Curry replied in a book intitled Historical Mémoirs ; a work well received by the public, and from which Mr. Brooke had' his materials for his Trial of the Roman Catholics.

Still indefatigable in the cause of his country, he enlarged his plan, in a work intitled, An Historical and Critical Review of the Civil Wars in Ireland, printed in 1775. Therein he gives a general view of the times from Henry II. and commences his details with the reign of Queen Elizabeth, ending with the settlement under King William. This is the present work, now greatly enlarged from the doctor's manuscripts, with new matter taken from parliamentary journals, state acts, and other authentic documents; to which he has added, The State of the Catholics of Ireland, from the above period under King William to the Relaxation of the Poo pery Laws in 1778. The author dying two years after, deprived us of having this valuable work as perfect as if published under his own inspection.

I shall now observe to the reader, that the intention of the author in the following work was solely to instruct, not to misrepresent, to conciliate, not to irritate; and, in the execution of such a design, it was incumbent on him, to remove the false grounds of a torrent of invectives, which have borne down repeatedly on our good sense, and which, if not stopped in its course, may sweep away before it some practicable schemes for public prosperity. If some are so prejudiced as to reject several facts herein related, because they


were taught to reject them early in life; yet they will take the less offence at our author, as his materials are chiefly taken from those very authorities on which the invectives we have mentioned, are said to be founded ; and consequently can admit of no dispute concerning their credibility. No man of the present age (catholic or protestant) is concerned in the conduct of those of any former age, otherwise than by contrasting the causes and effects in the one with those in the other, and instructing us thereby to put a proper estimate on our present happiness, and to remove any ill impression the public may still retain, in regard to times fo very

different from our own. This is placing a mirror before the reader, wherein beauties and deformities are fairly reflected, and whereby deductions may be made, for improving our minds and manners, by the justness of the representation.


BELANAGAR, May 3, 1786.


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I. OF the state of the Irish from the time of the inva

fron of Henry II. II. The fate of the Irish at the beginning of the reforma

tion. III. The conduct of the English chief governors of Ireland

towards the natives.
IV. Motives for the general discontent in Ulfer.

V. The first causes of Tirone's infurrection.
VI. Desmond's insurrection.
VII. Lord Deputy Mountjoy's and Lord Verulam's opinions

of the government of Ireland in 1602.
VIII. Proclamation of pardon in the province of Munfter.
IX. The Spaniards invade Ireland.

X. The cruelty of the English army in Munster.
XI. A dreadful famine in Ireland.
XII. The greater and better part of the Irish, in this war,

fought for the queen against their countrymen.
The hard terms on which they were received to

XIII. Tirone fues for pardon and obtains it.

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I. The state of the Irish under king James I.

57 II. A general act of oblivion.

64 III. Some observations on the statutes of supremacy and uniformity.

68 IV. Sir Arthur Chichester's government,

73 V. The conspiracy and flight of the earls.

79 VI. Puritan bishops in Ireland.

87 VII. Warm contests in the Irish house of commons.

88 VIII. The




VIII. The king tkanks the Irish for their supply, but orders

the penal laws to be put in force against them. IX. Some account of the ecclefiaftical courts at that junc

ture in Ireland. X. The patience and submision of the natives.

103 104

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116 119 I21

I. The state of the Irish under Charles I.
II. A free gift raised for the king, chiefly by the natives,

for which they were rewarded by a new perse

cution of their religion, III. The free gift or contribution continued for the service

of the government.
IV. Lord Wentworth continues the contribution.

V. Lord Deputy Wentworth arrives in Ireland.
VI. Lörd Wentworth's manner of modelling the Irish

VII. Some transactions of this parliament.
VIII. The legality of several elections questioned, but the

motion over-ruled. IX. The remonftrance of the Irish commons to the deputy,

concerning the promised graces.
X. Îhe commons require' an answer to their remon-

XI. A convocation of the clergy of Ireland.

125 128





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1. Lord Wentworth's proceedings upon the enquiry into defective titles.

147 II. The Earl of Ormond surrender's his country to the

king III. The deputy holds his court of inquisition.

151 IV. The deputy's severity towards the jury of the county of Galway.

153 V. Further distresses of the people of Connaught. 156 VI. The court of wards and high commision in Ireland. 159 VII. Some invidious reflections on the foregoing pasage considered.

162 VIII. The Irish commons encomium on the Earl of Strafford's administration considered.

166 IX. Complaints of grievances.

169 X. The remonftrance of grievances vindicated

171 XI. The immediate cause of the insurrection in 1641, 172 XII. The catholic clergy of Ireland unjustly accused of firring up the Irish to this insurrection.

175 XIII. The

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