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sation.

accounts of the

Sec. 5. The clerk shall receive a reasonable compensation for his His compenservices, to be fixed by the board of supervisors, in no case to exceed five hundred dollars a year.

Sec. 6. The books, records, and accounts of the board shall be Books and kept in the office of the county clerk, and shall at all times be open, board open to

inspection. free of charge, to public inspection.

Sec. 7. The board of supervisors shall have power, with the con- Powers, duties. sent of a majority of all its members, to make such orders concern- ities of board of

supervisors. ing the property of the county as they may deem expedient, and to sell and otherwise dispose of the same, appropriating the proceeds thereof to the use of the county ; to audit the accounts of all officers having the management, collection, or disbursements of any moneys belonging to the counties; to examine, settle, and allow all accounts chargeable against the county; to have the management and control of all public roads, ferries, highways, bridges, and the opening of new roads, and to make all necessary orders concerning the same; to establish townships and election districts, and to alter or modify the same; to appoint judges and inspectors of elections; to purchase or receive any property necessary for the use of the county; to erect or lease a court h use, jail, and such other public buildings and improvements, as may

be

necessary for the use of the county; to take care of and provide for the indigent, sick, and insane in counties where there is no public hospital; to levy and collect an annual tax, not to exceed one-half of one per cent. on the valuation of all property, real and personal, in the county, for the payment of the debts of the county; to ascertain and determine with a jury, or by consent of parties without a jury, the just compensation to be made to the owners of private property taken for public use; to sue and defend on behalf of the county; and to perform all such acts, as may be necessary to the discharge of the duties imposed upon them by law.

Sec. 8. The board of supervisors shall also act as a board of can- Board of vassers, and declare the election returns, and during the vacation of the board, if necessary, the county judge shall be authorized to appoint precincts, and officers of election, in manner as provided for by law: Provided, that the returns of the election for supervisors shall be canvassed and declared by the county judge, county clerk, and sheriff, acting as a board.

Sec. 9. The board of supervisors shall require from the county Board o treasurer, and other officers charged with the collection of any reve- Their duties. nue, or moneys belonging to the county, a quarterly report of all collections and disbursements made by them. The board of supervi. sors shall see that the county treasurer, and other officers as afore

canvassers.

supervisors.

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said, faithfully perform all their duties with regard to the revenue, money, and property of the county, and shall have power to prosecute them for any and all delinquencies, or neglect in the discharge of their duties while in office, and shall, from time to time, when acting as a board, examine the books and vouchers of the county treasurer, sheriff, assessor and all other officers engaged in the collection

or disbursement of the moneys of the county. Report of county Sec. 10. The board of supervisors within the different counties,

shall cause the state and county taxes to be levied upon the valuation made by the county assessors; and it is made the duty of the respective assessors of each county to furnish the board of supervisors a certified copy of the assessment made by them, of all taxable property within the county, on or before the first Monday in July, annually, for which they shall receive such compensation as the board

may deem just. Duty of the

Sec. 11. The board of supervisors shall, within sixty days after supervisors.

they enter upon the discharge of their duties, ascertain the amount of the then existing debt of the county, and the amount and condition of

all property belonging to the county. of appeals. Sec. 12. The board of supervisors shall constitute a board of ap

peals for the equalization of taxes, and for that purpose they shall meet on the first Monday in July, annually, and continue in session for such time as they may deem necessary to transact the business of the county.

Sec. 13. The board of supervisors shall have no power to contract any debts or liabilities, which, in the aggregate, shall exceed the es

timated annual revenue of the county, for county purposes. County clerk to

Sec. 14. The county clerk shall, ex-officio, be the clerk of the board be clerk of board.

of supervisors, and perform the duties enjoined by this act. Compensation of Sec. 15. Each member of the board of supervisors shall be entisupervisors.

tled to receive for his services, for each day's necessary attendance on the business of the county, the sum of five dollars per day, and twenty-five cents per mile, in going to the county seat from his residence;

and no member shall be interested in any contract for the county. (1) Jurisdiction of Sec. 16. From and after the election of a board of supervisors in sessions repealed. any county, as herein provided for, the court of sessions shall cease

to exercise any of the powers, or jurisdiction, given to the board of supervisors in this act.

Sec. 17. The board of supervisors shall have no power or author

Bo:

Debts and
Liabilities.

the court of

(1) For act concerning pay of supervisors of county of San Francisco, see chap. 177.

ity to allow any account for office rent, or clerk hire, for any justice Expenses of of the peace, or other town, county, or state officer, unless specially supervisors. directed so to do by law.

Sec. 18. The provisions of “An act to create a board of supervi- Conflicting acts. sors for the county of San Francisco, and define their duties," passed April twenty-ninth, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one, so far as they conflict with, or are restricted by, the provisions of this act, shall be and continue in force, the same as if this act had not been passed; but where the provisions of this act are cumulative to those of the first act aforesaid, they shall also apply to the county of San Francisco.

Sec. 19. That this act shall not apply to those counties in which Conflicting laws there are, or hereafter may be, boards of supervisors created by especial act, except as especially provided for in this act.

CHAPTER CLXXIV.

AN ACT to abolish the Board of Supervisors in the Counties of Cala

veras, Sacramento and Colusi. (1)—[Passed May 11, 1853.]

The People of the State of California, represented in Senate and

Assembly, do enact as follows :

SECTION 1. The act entitled “An act to create a board of super- Board of visors for the counties of this state, and to define their duties and the counties of powers," be, and the same is hereby repealed, so far as the provisions Sacramento and of said act extend to the counties of Calaveras, Sacramento and Colusi, abolished. Colusi.

CHAPTER CLXXV.

AN ACT supplementary to an Act entitled An Act to abolish the

Board of Supervisors in the Counties of Calaveras, Sacramento and Colusi,passed May eleventh, one thousand eight hundred and fiftythree. (2)—[Passed May 17, 1853.]

The People of the State of California, represented in Senate and

Assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. The courts of sessions of the counties of Calaveras, Sa- Courts of cramento and Colusi, are hereby authorized and required to perform Calaveras,

ecesions of

(1) For supplementary act, see next chapter.
(2) See preceding chapter.

Sacramento and Colusi counties vested with certain powers.

transferred to courts of sessions.

any

and all duties; and are hereby vested with the same powers and responsibilities that were conferred on the boards of supervisors of their respective counties, under an act entitled “An act to create a board of supervisors for the counties of this state, and to define their duties and powers,” passed May third, one thousand eight hurdred

and fifty-two. Books, papers, Sec. 2. The boards of supervisors of the counties of Calaveras, etc., of board of supervisors to be Sacramento and Colusi, are hereby required to place in the hands of

the court of sessions of their respective counties, all books, papers, etc., they may have in their hands, or under their control, belonging to their respective counties, so soon as a certified copy of this act

shall be presented to them. Secretary of

Sec. 3. The secretary of state is hereby required to transmit a cercopies of this act. tified copy of this act, and also a certified copy of the act entitled

" An act to abolish the boards of supervisors in the counties of Calaveras, Sacramento and Colusi, to the court of sessions of each of the said counties."

state to transmit

CHAPTER CLXXVI.

AN ACT to abolish the Board of Supervisors in the County of

El Dorado. (1)-[Passed May 18, 1853.]

The People of the State of California, represented in Senate and

Assembly, do enact as follows:

Supervisor act
of 1852, so far as
it applies to El
Dorado county
repealed.

Section 1. That “ An act to create a board of supervisors for the counties of this state and to define their duties and powers,” approved May third, eighteen hundred and fifty-two, be and the same is hereby repealed so for as the provisions of said act extend to the county of El Dorado.

Sec. 2. The duties and powers devolving upon the board of supervisors, by the provisions of said act are hereby transferred to the court of sessions of said county of El Dorado.

Duties, powers, etc., transferred to court of sessions.

(1) For act concerning board of supervisors, see ante, chapter 173.

CHAPTER CLXXVII

members of

AN ACT to limit the Compensation of the Board of Supervisors

of the County of San Francisco. (1)—[Passed May 17, 1853.] The People of the State of California, represented in Senate and

Assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. Each member of the board of supervisors of the county Per diem of of San Francisco, shall be entitled to receive for his services, for each board of

supervisors. day's necessary attendance on the business of the county, the sum of three dollars, and twenty-five cents per mile in going to the county Mileage. seat from his residence: Provided, such per diem allowance and mileage for any one year shall not exceed in the

aggregate to any

member Compensation of such board, from within the limits of the city of San Francisco, the sum of two hundred dollars; and to any member from without the limits of said city, the sum of three hundred dollars. Sec. 2. All acts, and parts of acts, so far as they conflict with the Former acts

repealed. above section, are hereby repealed.

per year.

CHAPTER CLXXVIII.

AN ACT to authorize Married Women to transact Business in their

own Name as Sole Traders.- [Passed April 12, 1852.]

The People of the State of California, represented in Senate and

Assembly, do enact as follows :

buisness on their own account.

.

Section 1. Married women shall have the right to carry on and May transact transact business under their own name, and on their own account, by complying with the regulations prescribed in this act.

Sec. 2. Any married woman residing within this state, desirous to Manner of avail herself of the benefit of this act, shall make a declaration be- proceeding. fore a notary public, or other person authorized to take acknowledgments of deeds, that she intends to carry on business in her own name, and on her own account, specifically setting forth in her declaration the nature of the business, trade, profession or art, and from that date she shall be individually responsible in her own name for all debts, contracted by her on account of her said trade, business, profession or art. Said declaration shall be recorded in the office of the To be recorded.

(1) For act concerning board of supervisors, see ante, chapter 173.

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