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charge is felony, five dollars; on the trial of an issue, where the
charge is a misdemeanor, two dollars; entering judgment, one dollar.
He shall receive no other fee for any service whatever in a criminal
action or proceeding, except for copies of papers at the rate of thirty
cents for every hundred words. -
SEC. 690. A peace officer may receive for making an arrest, two
dollars, together with twenty cents for every mile necessarily travelled
by him in rendering such service, and in taking a defendant before a
court or magistrate, or conveying him to prison; for serving a sub-
poena fifty cents, together with twenty cents for every mile necessarily
travelled by him in rendering such service. The court of sessions
may allow such further compensation for the service of process, and
for other services in criminal cases, as it may think reasonable.
SEc. 691. The sheriff may also receive for summoning a panel of
forty-eight jurors, twenty dollars; for summoning a panel of thirty-
six jurors, fifteen dollars; for summoning a panel of twelve jurors,
ten dollars; for executing a sentence of death, fifty dollars. Each
juror shall receive for each day's attendance, two dollars, to be paid
on the certificate of the clerk, which shall be issued during the term.
SEc. 692. The district attorney shall receive on each conviction for
felony, when the punishment is death, fifty dollars; on each conviction
for other felony, twenty-five dollars; on each conviction for a misde-
meanor, fifteen dollars; for collecting money on a forfeited recogni-
zance, ten per cent. on the amount collected.
SEc. 693. The fees allowed to justices of the peace, and other
officers having the jurisdiction and authority of justices of the peace,
clerks, peace officers, and district attorneys, shall, when the defendant
is convicted, be considered and recovered against him as costs in the
suit, and be collected in like manner as costs in civil cases.
Sec. 694. The fees allowed a sheriff for summoning jurors, jurors'
fees, and the fees allowed magistrates, peace officers, and clerks, in
cases where the defendant is acquitted, or where being convicted he is
unable to pay the costs, shall be county charges, and shall be audited
and paid in like manner as other charges against the county.
SEC. 695. Whenever any officer, except district attorneys, men-
tioned in this act, receives a salary, he shall account for and pay over
to the treasurer of the city of which he is an officer, all fees collected
by him under the provisions of this act.
SEc. 696. The act entitled “An Act to regulate Proceedings in
Criminal Cases,” passed April twentieth, eighteen hundred and fifty, is
hereby repealed, but such repeal shall not affect any action or pro-
ceeding had or commenced before this act shall take effect.
SEC. 697. This act shall take effect the first day of July next.

CHAPTER CXXII.

AN ACT concerning Conveyances.—[Passed April 16, 1850.]

The People of the State of California, represented in Senate and
Assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. Conveyances of lands, or of any estate or interest ol. therein, may be made by deed, signed by the person from whom the estate or interest is intended to pass, being of lawful age, or by his lawful agent or attorney, and acknowledged or proved and recorded as hereinafter directed. Sec. 2. A husband and wife may, by their joint deed, convey the of real estate of the wife in like manner as she might do by her separ-married women. ate deed if she were unmarried. Sec. 3. Every conveyance in writing whereby any real estate is o.o. conveyed or may be affected, shall be acknowledged, or proved and acknowledged. certified, in the manner hereinafter provided. • SEc. 4. The proof or acknowledgment of every conveyance affect- Proof or ing any real estate shall be taken by some one of the following offi- o cers: 1st. If acknowledged or proved within this state, by some on wo judge or clerk of a court having a seal, or some notary public, or justice of the peace of the proper county: 2d. If acknowledged or proved without this state, and within the United States, by some judge, or clerk of any court of the United States, or of any state or territory having a seal, or by any commissioner appointed by the government of this state for that purpose: 3d. If acknowledged or proved without the United States, by some judge or clerk of any court of any state, kingdom, or empire, having a seal, or by any notary public therein, or by any minister, commissioner, or consul of the United States appointed to reside therein. Sec. 5. Every officer that shall take the proof or acknowledgment certificate of of any conveyance affecting any real estate, shall grant a certificate loot thereof, and cause such certificate to be endorsed or annexed to such conveyance; such certificate shall be: 1st. When granted by any judge or clerk, under the hand of such judge or clerk, and the seal of the court: 2d. When granted by an officer who has a seal of of. fice, under the hand and official seal of such officer. SEc. 6. No acknowledgment of any conveyance whereby any real Person

- knowled estate is conveyed or may be affected, shall be taken, unless the per- o

personally known to officer, or his identity proved.

Certificate—
What to state.

Form of
certificate.

Form of certificate, if grantor unknown to officer.

Proof of execution of deed.

Proof by subscribing witness.

No certificate to be granted until proof of execution.

son offering to make such acknowledgment shall be personally known to the officer taking the same, to be the person whose name is subscribed to such conveyance as a party thereto, or shall be proved to be such by the oath or affirmation of a credible witness. SEC. 7. The certificate of such acknowledgment shall state the fact of acknowledgment, and that the person making the same was personally known to the officer granting the certificate, to be the person whose name is subscribed to the conveyance as a party thereto, or was proved to be such, by the oath or affirmation of a credible witness, whose name shall be inserted in the certificate. SEC. 8. Such certificate shall be substantially in the following form, to wit: “State of California, county of , on this day of —, A. D. , personally appeared before me, a notary public (or judge, or officer, as the case may be) in and for the said county, A. B., known to me to be the person described in, and who executed the foregoing instrument, who acknowledged to me that he executed the same freely and voluntarily, and for the uses and purposes therein mentioned.” Sec. 9. When the grantor is unknown to the court or officer taking the acknowledgment, the certificate may be in the following form, to wit: “State of California, county of , on this day of , A. D. personally appeared before me, a notary public (or judge, or officer, as the case may be) in and for the said county, A. B., satisfactorily proved to me to be the person described in, and who executed the within conveyance, by the oath of C. D., a competent and credible witness for that purpose, by me duly sworn, and he, the said A. B., acknowledged that he executed the same freely and voluntarily, for the uses and purposes therein mentioned.” SEc. 10. The proof of the execution of any conveyance whereby any real estate is conveyed or may be affected, shall be, 1st, by the testimony of a subscribing witness, or 2d, when all the subscribing witnesses are dead, or cannot be had by evidence of the handwriting of the party, and of at least one subscribing witness, given by a credible witness to each signature. SEC. 11. No proof by a subscribing witness shall be taken, unless such witness shall be personally known to the officer taking the proof, to be the person whose name is subscribed to the conveyance as a witness thereto, or shall be proved to be such by the oath or af. firmation of a credible witness. SEc. 12. No certificate of such proof shall be granted, unless such subscribing witness shall prove the person whose name is subscribed thereto as a party, is the person described in, and who executed the same; that such person executed the conveyance, and that such witness subscribed his name thereto as a witness thereof. SEc. 13. The certificate of such proof shall set forth the following Certificate of -- - proof–what to matters: 1st. The fact that such subscribing witness was personally set forth. known to the officer granting the certificate, to be the person whose name is subscribed to such conveyance as a witness thereto, or was proved to be such by oath or affirmation of a witness, whose name shall be inserted in the certificate. 2d. The proof given by such witness of the execution of such conveyance, and of the facts, that the person whose name is subscribed in such conveyance, as a party thereto is the person who executed the same, and that such witness subscribed his name to such conveyance as a witness thereof. Sec. 14. No proof by evidence of the hand-writing of the party and to or of a subscribing witness shall be taken, unless the officer taking handwriting. the same shall be satisfied that all the subscribing witnesses to such conveyance are dead, or cannot be had to prove the execution thereof. SEc. 15. No certificate of any such proof shall be granted, unless certificate which - - - may be granted a competent and credible witness shall state on oath, or affirmation, on such proof that he personally knew the person whose name is subscribed thereto as a party, well knew his signature (stating his means of knowledge), and believes the name of the person subscribed thereto as a party was subscribed by such person; nor unless a competent and credible witness shall in like manner state that he personally knew the person whose name is subscribed to such conveyance as a witness, well knew his signature (stating his means of knowledge), and believes the name subscribed thereto as a witness was thereto subscribed by such person. SEc. 16. Upon the application of any grantee in any conveyance or.

- - - - zed to take required by this act to be recorded, or by any person claiming under acknowledgment

such grantee, verified under the oath of the applicant, that any wit- out, ness to such conveyance residing in the county where such applica- as to execution. tion is made, refuses to appear and testify touching the execution thereof, and that such conveyance cannot be proved without his evidence, any officer authorized to take the acknowledgment or proof of such conveyance, may issue a subpoena requiring such witness to appear before such officer and testify touching the execution thereof. Sec. 17. Every person who being served with a subpoena shall, Penalty for refus. without reasonable cause, refuse or neglect to appear, or appearing, o, shall refuse to answer upon oath touching the matters aforesaid, shall be liable to the party injured in the sum of one hundred dollars, and

for such damages as may be sustained by him on account of such

neglect or refusal, and may also be committed to prison by the judge of some court of record, there to remain without bail until he shall

...'...' submit to answer upon oath as aforesaid; but no person shall be required to attend who resides out of the county in which the proof is to be taken, nor unless his reasonable expenses shall have been first tendered to him.

. Sec. 18. A certificate of the acknowledgment of any conveyance, - t - - -

où" or of the proof of the execution thereof, as provided in this act, o signed by the officer taking the same, and under the seal of the officer

shall entitle such conveyance, with the certificate or certificates as aforesaid, to be recorded in the office of the recorder of any county in this state. *"o". SEc. 19. A married woman may convey any of her real estate by estate. any conveyance thereof, executed and acknowledged by herself and her husband, and certified in the manner hereinafter provided, by the proper officer taking the acknowledgment. what covenants SEC. 20. No covenant expressed or implied in any such conveyance

to be binding on - - ... ." shall bind such married woman or her heirs, except so far as may be

woulan. necessary effectually to convey from such married woman and her heirs, all her rights and interest expressed to be conveyed in such conveyance. Acknowledgment SEC. 21. Any officer authorized by this act to take the proof or of married Yoy acknowledgment of any conveyance whereby any real estate is conbe taken. veyed or may be affected, may take and certify the acknowledgment

of a married woman to any such conveyance of real estate. Acknowledgment SEC. 22. No such acknowledgment shall be taken, unless such marnot to be taken - unless married, ried woman shall be personally known to the officer taking the same,

woman personally - known to officer, to be the person whose name is subscribed to such conveyance as a

il she i - !... ... party thereto, or shall be proved to be such by a credible witness:

too, nor, unless such married woman shall be made acquainted with the

o contents of such conveyance, and shall acknowledge on an examination, apart from and without the hearing of her husband, that she executed the same freely and voluntarily, without fear or compulsion, or undue influence of her husband, and that she does not wish to retract the execution of the same.

footout. Sec. 23. The certificate shall be in the form heretofore given, and shall set forth that such married woman was personally known to the officer granting the same, to be the person whose name is subscribed to such conveyance as a party thereto, or was proved to be such by a credible witness, whose name shall be inserted in the certificate, and that she was made acquainted with the contents of such conveyance, and acknowledged, on examination apart from and without the hear

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