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STATEMENT exhibiting the Amount of Duties which accrued on Merchandize, Tonnage, Passports, and Clearances ; of Deben

tures issued on the Exportation of Foreign Merchandize; of Payments for Bounties and Allowances; of Expenses of Collection ; and of Payments made into the Treasury, during the Years ending 31st December, 1801 to 1820, inclusive.

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20,216,347 49
14,771,566 95
14,257,359 07
20,872,567 65
23,601,709 56
26,295,055 47
26,697,274 02
11,164,557 83
11,603,071 27
16,601,711 71
10,427,412 21
14,990,188 61
7,379,849 31
4,493,922 12
37,847,751 46
32,743,568 38
21,995,642 12
25,798,490 79
21,228,683 28
16,533,390 92

172,826 29
160,424 70
166,528 91
208,730 00
215,731 20
219,329 37
206,331 06
119,697 61
151,983 13
169,161 24
124,363 30
155,353 00
315,688 00
137,648 69
614,025 59
460,302 54
323,005 45
260,978 81
131,217 51
168,827 96

17,756 00
13,862 00
15,902 00
17,334 00
18,954 00
20,318 00
19,896 00

684 00
22,660 00
23,428 00
19,787 70
14,928 00
3,640 00

736 00
16,006 00
12,234 00
12,608 00
14,030 00

8,640 00
10,528 00

7,819,093 00
2,569,813 00
6,686,483 00
8,955,745 00
9,146,875 00
10,067,191 00

249,396 00
4,706,608 00
3,839,160 00
2,227,245 00
1,542,622 19
580,327 16

26,082 37
1,704,933 22
4,830,311 20
3,937,323 35
3,343,938 08
3,301,812 42
8,286,965 34

116,002 42 12,471,834 42 451,555 15 12,020,279 27 10,750,778 93
133,978 07 10,614,619 58 484,018 06 10,130,601 52 12,488,235 74
151,717 86 11,718,259 12 404,428 40 11,313,830 72 10,479,417 61
192,741 51 13,719,407 14 484,045 68 13,285,361 46 11,098,565 33
190,674 04 14,689,975 72

554,536 76 14,135,138 96 12,936,487 04
198,751 02 17,189,076 82 612,622 13 16,576,454 69 14,667,698 17
188,634 90 16,667,675 18 607,750 96 16,059,924 22 15,845,521 61
160,152 55 10,875,390 89 543,227 14 10,332,163 75 16,363,550 58
48,940 18 7,022,166 22 494,998 02 6,527,168 20 7,257,506 62
2,268 05 12,952,872 90 439,382 87 12,513,490 03 8,583,309 31
784 13 8,343,484 08 440,924 46 7,902,559 62 13,313,222 73

13,617,847 32 475,838 95 13,142,008 37 8,958,777 53
7,118,850 15 410,483 94 6,708,366 21 13,224,623 25

4,606,224 44 355,862 85 4,250,361 59 5,998,772 08
1,811 74 36,771,038 09 465,015 58 36,306,022 51 7,282,942 22
85,319 86 28,300,473 86 816,373 50 27,484,100 36 36,306,874 88
124,346 41 18,269,585 81 744,810 66 17,524,775 15 26,283,348 49
154,587 89 22,574,873 63 746,422 15 21,828,451 48 17,176,385 00
167,100 01 17,899,628 36 782,925 40 17,116,702 96 20,283,608 76
209,003 39 13,216,778 15 767,222 00 12,449,556 15 15,005,612 15
Treasury Department, Register's Office, 220 December, 1821.



DECREE of the Prince Regent, for the Establishment of a

Junta, or State Council, consisting of Representatives from each of the Brazilian Provinces.—16th February, 1822.

(Translation.) Whereas, I have assented to the repeated wishes and desires of the loyal Inhabitants of this City, and of the Provinces of St. Paulo and Minas Geraes, that I should preserve the Regency of this Kingdom, which my August Father conferred upon me, until it receive, through the Constitution of the Monarchy, a final organization, wise, just, and adequate to its inalienable rights, dignity, and future felicity; for as much also, that, by taking any other course, this rich and extensive Kingdom of Brazil would be exposed to the evils of anarchy and civil war; and desiring, for the general advantage of the United Kingdom, and in particular for the benefit of the People of Brazil, to anticipate the regulation and complete establishment of that Constitutional System which they so well merit, and which I have sworn to give them, with the view of henceforth forming a Central Authority for measures and objects, whereby the integrity and liberty of this great and fertile Country may be the better maintained and defended, and its future felicity secured; I have thought fit to order the convocation of a Council of General Representatives of the Provinces of Brazil, to represent them pro tempore; those Provinces which have 4 Deputies in the Cortes, electing 1 Representative; those which have from 4 to 8 Deputies, 2 Representatives; and those which have 8 Deputies or upwards, 3. These Representatives may be removed from their charge by their respective Provinces, in case of not duly performing their duty, should such removal be required by two-thirds of the Provincial Councils, in a general and extraordinary Assembly; the nomination of other Representatives in their stead being then made.'

These Representatives shall be nominated by the Parochial Electors, assembled in the chief Towns, and their Election shall undergo a scrutiny by the Council of the Capital of the Province, those being finally returned who shall have the greater number of votes among the Nominees. In case of inequality of votes, the decision shall be made by lot. All the said nominations and scrutinies shall take place in conformity with the instructions which my August Father ordered to be executed by the Decree of the 7th of March, 1821, in so far as it may be applicable, and is not revoked by the present Decree.

The duties of this Council shall be :- 1st. To give me advice, whenever I may call for it, in all important and difficult affairs. 2d. To examine the great Plans of reform which must be made in the general and particular administration of the State, when they shall be committed to the said Council. 3d. To propose to me those measures and plans which may appear most urgent, and advantageous to the welfare of the United Kingdom, and the prosperity of Brazil. 4th. Each Member to advocate, and zealously attend to, the interests of his respective Province.

This Council shall meet in a Hall of my Palace, at all times when I order it to be convoked; and, also, whenever it may appear necessary for the said Council to assemble, in consequence of the urgency of publick affairs; on which occasions notice shall be given to me by the Secretary of State for the Affairs of the Kingdom.

This Council shall be presided over by myself, and its Sittings shall be attended by my Ministers and Secretaries of State, who shall have seats and vote therein. For the better management and dispatch of affairs, the Council shall appoint from among its Members VicePresident monthly, who may be re-chosen, should such a re-election appear proper. The Council shall also appoint a Secretary, who shall prepare the Minutes of the Sittings, draw up the Plans which are approved, and the Resolutions which are adopted by the Council. As soon as the Representatives of 3 Provinces shall be assembled, the Council shall proceed to execute its functions.

In order that due honour may be paid to such distinguished Citizens, I have thought fit to grant to them the title of Excellency, whilst in the exercise of their important duties; and I further order, that in all publick ceremonies, the Council shall take precedence of every other Authority of the State, and that its Members shall enjoy all the pre-eminences hitherto usually enjoyed by Councillors of State in the Kingdom of Portugal.

Jozé Bonifacio de Andrade e Silva, Minister and Secretary of State for the Affairs of the Kingdom and for Foreign Affairs, is charged to see this Decree executed with the necessary dispatch. The Palace, 16th February, 1822.

[By His Royal Highness the Prince Regent.] Joze BONIFACIO DE ANDRADE E Silva.

SPEECH of the Supreme Director of Chili, on the Opening

of the Preparatory Constitutional Assembly.-Santiago,

23rd July, 1822. (Translation.)

(Extract.) LITTLE more than 5 Years have elapsed since the victory of Chacabuco, and during that tiine veteran Corps have been formed which guard our liberty, and have proceeded to give it to.Peru and Chiloe; within that period a Marine has been created which has overcome our Enemies in the Pacifick; a Treasury has been formed which has


doubled its receipts; a Provisional Government has been organized; Agriculture, Industry, and Commerce have revived; and various Projects for publick benefit are about to be established.

Such are the triumphs of freedom and good Government! Cen. turies under our old Government passed away without witnessing any change or improvement!

To you, Fathers of the Country, belong the amelioration and perfection of the work which has been commenced. Long has the heavy weight of the Government rested on my feeble shoulders, and I do earnestly supplicate you to relieve me from it. Hitherto every thing has been provisional, and every thing is at your disposal. Whatever worthy Citizen you may appoint to succeed me in the Magistracy, mg sword shall be always at his side, in all perils, until constancy, prudence, and negociation, shall have given us the security of peace, and the acknowledgment which we must obtain of our Independence. I speak frankly to you. My request does not arise from the fear of fatigue; the perils of War; the embarrassments occasioned by an exhausted Treasury; the want of resources, incidental to the absence of any established system of credit or settled national property; the circumstance of our industry and commerce being in a state of infancy; Dor the knowledge of our numberless wants, which must be created and reestablished, and to obtain which, great talents and activity are required; but from a profound sentiment which weighs at my heart, and renders my permanence in the Command incompatible with my feelings.

Dear Fellow Countrymen; I return you my cordial thanks for the zeal and fidelity with which you have shared with me the great perils of the Country, and for the sacrifices you made in revenging and defending it. I received it enslaved, and I'now deliver it up to you free, and covered with laurels, but still feeble and in its infancy. It is for your virtue and wisdom to cherish, enrich, educate and direct it. What prosperity can there be without knowledge and without Laws?

My desire has always been, and I have declared it in Congress, that a Representative Government should be adopted in Chili, whatever might be its denomination; but the general opinion, supported by reason and experience, is, that the supreme Executive Power should be confided to a single Magistrate, whose authority should be limited by means of suitable Institutions. Care must be taken that these be not nominal and vain, and that all rights be really guaranteed, otherwise authority, security and the foundation of Society, will still remain unstable.

The present state of civilisation and intelligence shows us the necessity of advancing, or rather establishing in an effective and sufficient manner, education and the means of improvement. We must form Statesmen, Legislators, Economists, Judges, Merchants, Engineers, Architects, Mariners, Hydraulic Constructors, Machinists, Chemists,

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Artists, and Agriculturists. Knowledge, wealth and power, have al. ways gone hand in hand in Nations; without these elements, which spring from each other, Chili will not be a Nation, nor will she obtain the fruits of her sacrifices.

You know the necessity of a reform of the Laws. Enquire whether the 5 celebrated Cudes, so worthy of the knowledge of latter times, which exhibit hy contrast the barbarous character of those which preceded them, can be adopted. Let us banish for ever Institutions founded on the Colonial System: if we proceed with diligence, all obstacles will yield to us. We cannot hope to attract Foreign Agriculturists, Artizans, and Capitalists, without offering them a solid guarantee of the liberty which they enjoy in other countries. This is the most important acquisition. Our fertile soil and the bowels of the Earth are as yet untouched : those to whom I allude will soon extract from them their fruits and treasures.


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OVERTURE of the Colombian Government to the Govern

ments of Europe, for the establishment of a Political and Commercial Intercourse with that Republick.-8th April, 1822.


Paris, le 8 Avril, 1822. LE Soussigné, Envoyé Extraordinaire et Ministre plénipotentiaire de la République de Colombie, pour établir ses relations politiques et commerciales avec les Pạissances de l'Europe; a l'honneur d'adresser, d'après les Ordres de son Gouvernement, à Son Excellence le Ministre des Affaires Etrangères de Sa Majesté Britannique, la Communication suivante :

Le bruit de la lutte que l'Amérique vient de soutenir contre 'Espagne a retenti dans tout l'Univers. S'il est permis d'en ignorer encore les merveilleux détails, nul doute ne peut du moins s'élever sur les immenses résultats obtenus à force de combats et de victoires. L'Amérique comprimée, asservie pendant trois siècles, a secoué le joug de la Métropole. L'Espagne n'est plus rien au-delà des mers qui baignent la Péninsule.

En effet, l'Amérique avoit atteint sa majorité ; l'accroissement de la Population, la propagation des lumières, mille besoins nouveaux que la Métropole ne pouvoit satisfaire, rendoient la crise inévitable. L'Espagne, dépeuplée, sans marine, sans industrie, auroit-elle retenu plus long-tems sous ses Lois un Continent tout entier, séparé d'elle par le vaste Océan ? L'indépendance n'a donc fait que rétablir l'ordre naturel, et a mis un terme à des maux infinis que produisoit nécessaire. ment une liaison mal assortie.

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