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à prouver à ceux qui tenteraient de nouvelles contraventions, qu'elles ne peuvent échapper à sa surveillance. J'ai l'honneur, &c. S. E. Le Chevalier Stuart.


No. 3.—The Marquess of Londonderry to Sir Charles Stuart. SIR,

Foreign Office, 8th May, 1821. I HAVE the honour to forward to you Copies of several Documents transmitted to me by the Secretary of the African Institution,* tending to show the continuance of the illicit Trade in Slaves by French Subjects. These Papers appear to contain important information, and I have to refer your Excellency to my former Correspondence on this subject, for the guidance of your conduct in the use which your Excellency may judge it expedient to make of them. I am, &c. H. E. Sir Charles Stuart, G.C.B.


No.4.Sir Charles Stuart to the Marq.of Londonderry.—(Rec. June 14.) MY LORD,

Paris, 11th June, 1821. I have received in due course your Lordship’s Dispatch of the 8th of May, and, according to the spirit of my Instructions, I have addressed the official Note (of which I have the lionour to inclose a Copy) to Baron Pasquier; and I presume that this resolution will meet with the approbation of His Majesty's Government.

I have the honour to be, &c. The Marquess of Londonderry, K. G. CHARLES STUART.

(Inclosure.)-Sir Charles Stuurt to the Baron Pasquier. SIR,

Paris, 9th June, 1821. The Papers of which I inclose Copies, have been transmitted to His Majesty's Government from the African Institution; and as the information they contain tends decidedly to prove the continuance of an illicit Trade in Slaves by French Subjects, under circumstances which easily admit of satisfactory investigation on the part of His Most Christian Majesty's Government, I hope they will not only be added to the mass of Communications relating to this subject which I have already submitted to your Excellency, but that they will offer additional motives for the adoption of measures to carry into effect the views His Most Christian Majesty's Ministers profess to entertain.

The bad success of the endeavours to root out this Commerce would discourage further Representations, if the assurances your Excellency has repeatedly held forth did vot justify the hope of a cordial co-operation on the part of the French Government.

Referring, therefore, once more, to the facts which have been brought forward, I shall merely remind your Excellency, that it is to be feared the combinations I have denounced may acquire force and consistency from continued impunity, which the most vigourous exertions of the Government, at a future period, will be unable to controul.

* Transmitted in Original.

I have the honour to be, &c. His Excellency the Baron Pasquier.

CHARLES STUART. No. 5.- The Marquess of Londonderry to Sir Charles Stuart. SIR,

Foreign Office, 15th June, 1821. In reference to my former Correspondence on the state of the illicit Slave-trade, as carried on under the protection of His Most Christian Majesty's Flag, I have the honour to transmit herewith to your Excellency, Extracts of two Dispatches, under dates of the 16th February and the 1st March, 1821, from His Majesty's Commissioners at Surinam, which will show to your Excellency that the practice of resorting to the French Flag for the purpose of carrying on this illegal traffick is still actively and continually taking place in the West Indies, to the manifest contravention of the letter and spirit of the Laws of France on this subject.

Your Excellency will take an early opportunity of laying these Documents before the French Minister, and of. urging his Excellency to adopt such measures as may tend to repress the prostitution of the French Flag to such an unworthy purpose.

I am, &c. H. E. Sir Charles Stuart, G.C.B.


No.6.--Sir C. Stuart to the Marquess of Londonderry.--(Rec. June 24.) MY LORD,

Paris, 21st June, 1821. I Am to acknowledge your Lordship's Dispatch, inclosing two Letters from the Commissioners at Surinam, which contain further information respecting the continuation of the Slave-trade, under the French Flag; and I have addressed the Note to Baron Pasquier, which I have the honour to inclose, pointing out the bad effect these repeated infractions of the French Law are calculated to produce.

Though my Representations have certainly made a strong impression upon the minds of the French Ministers, the opposition to every measure which can render the abolition effective in the Chamber of Deputies, appears to render it difficult to comply with my demands.

I have the honour to be, &c. The Marq. of Londonderry, K.G.

CHARLES STUART. (Inclosure.)-Sir Charles Stuart to the Baron Pasquier. SIR,

Paris, 20th June, 1821. The reports addressed to His Britannick Majesty's Government, hy the Commissioners employed to execute the engagements which have been contracted for the suppression of the Slave-trade, continue to represent the glaring abuses of the French Flag by Persons who are engaged in that commerce, under circumstances which, if correctly stated, can admit of no excuse.

In transmitting these Reports to your Excellency, I cannot conceal that the result of the remonstrances I have already brought forward upon this subject, is ill calculated to give the British Government and Nation a full reliance upon the efficacy of His Most Christian Majesty's Regulations for the abolition of the Slave-trade, much less to contradict the assertions these Papers contain, respecting the manifest increase of the evil.

The expectation of successive Legislative Enactments has, notwithstanding the various written and verbal engagements contracted by the French Government to this effect, been gradually weakened, until our hopes now rest entirely upon the administrative measures which it is proposed to adopt in the French Colonies; but, as even this feeble bar to the increase of the Slave-trade still remains to be applied, I must remind your Excellency that a heavy responsibility will continue to be incurred, so long as this Question shall give cause for complaint.

I have the honour to be, &c. H. E. the Baron Pasquier.


No. 7.--Sir C. Stuurt to the Marquess of Londonderry.--(Rec. July 1.) (Extract.)

Paris, 28th June, 1821. The accompanying Circular Letter from a Commercial House at Nantes, offers fresh and striking proofs that the French Government do not prevent the continuation of the Slave-trade in the present state of their Legislation upon that subject, which I think warranted a communication to Baron Pasquier, accompanied by the observations contained in the Note I likewise forward.

The exclusive attention which the Chamber of Peers devote to their judicial Proceedings, prevented the disclosure of what passed last week in that Assembly respecting the Petition against the Slave-trade; I have therefore been unable, until the present moment, to state to your Lordship, that the predictions respecting the opposition which every endeavour to check the trade would meet with, have been confirmed by the resolution of a portion of the French Ministry, to vote in favour of the resolution to proceed to the Order of the Day, and by their complaints against the Duke de Cazes and M. de Broglie, who alone endeavoured to support the Petition.

The fate of the same Petition in the Chamber of Deputies has been placed beyond a doubt by the result of the digression to this subject, in the debate upon the Expenses of the Colonial Department, which took place on Tuesday and Welnesday, when M. Portal's assertions, respecting the good faith with which the Government has endeavoured to put down this trade, and his efforts to prove that the imperfect state of the Legislation renders some additional enactment necessary, to enable them to attain that object, were contradicted by a discourse of M. Lainé ,tending to show that the bare consideration of such a measure endangers the security of the French Colonies, and that it is expedient not to touch upon that question. The Marquess of Londonderry, K. G. CHARLES STUART.

(Inclosure 1.)-Circular from a Commercial House at Nantes. MONSIEUR,

Nantes, 18 Février, 1821. DESIRANT vous faire participer dans une expédition pour la Côte d'Afrique, je dispose en ce moment, et vous avoir pour co-intéressé, je vous détaille ci-après mon projet, son coût et le resultât qu'il pourra donner. Ainsi que vous le rémarquerez par le contenu de la présente, on ne courra d'autre risque que celui de gagner, puisque tout sera assuré.

Je vous avoue que c'est vraiment tout ce qu'il y a de mieux à entreprendre aujourd'hui: ces sortes d'expéditions donnent de très grands avantages, et notre Port en offre la preuve par la multiplicité des armemens qui s'y font journellement en destination de la Côte d'Afrique.

Mon Batiment est neuf, d'une marche supérieure, et de 70 pieds de tête en tête; il est en brick, et je doute qu'il y en ait un plus joli en ce Port.

Le prix auquel s'élevera l'armement n'excèdera pas fr. 84,000, et le détail dans lequel je vais entrer, vous convaincra que j'y ai apporté la plus grande attention, et la plus sévère économie.

Ce Batiment du Port de 145 tonneaux, se nommera la Petite Lilie, et sera commandé par le Capitaine Olivier, homme de son état connu et recommandable sous tous les rapports.

Je lui donnerai une Cargaison de fr. 35,000, et je suis assuré, ainsi que le Capitaine, qu'il sera possible de traiter de 250 à 300 Nqu'on vendrait, une fois rendu, plus de fr. 2,000 chaque.

Le navire, prêt à prendre son chargement gréé, équipé, muni d'armes, pourvù tous rechanges nécessaires pour un voyage de long cours, compris avances et vivres pour cette opération, ainsi que son doublage en cuivre, artillerie, &c. Coutera.......

....... fr. 49,000 La Cargaison bien assortie étant de......... .....35,000

L'entier armement s'élevera à ....... 84,000

Je ferai assurer la totalité de la mise hors, s'il est possible, la prime en sus, à fin de couvrir l'entier capital.

Si vous désirez un Prospectus avec détail, je m'empresserai de vous en faire parvenir un, persuadé que, connaissant bien la délicatesse de ces sortes d'opérations, vous n'en ferez que l'usage le plus discret. Je vous le confierai avec plaisir et sous le sceau de l'amitié.

S'il entrait dans vos convenances de me charger du soin d'un armement pour votre propre compte, ou celui de vos connaissances, je

m'engagerais à Pexécuter avec tout le zèle, l'économie, et la célérité possible, ayant à cet égard tous les moyens à ma disposition.

Veuillez, s'il vous plaît, avoir la complaisance de me fixer le plus promptement possible, sur la somme que vous désirerez prendre dans mon expédition, son départ devant avoir lieu avant la fin de Mars prochain.

En attendant votre réponse je vous offre mes services en cette Ville pour tout ce qui peut vous être agréable. J'ai l'honneur, &c.


(Inclosure 2.)-Sir Charles Stuart to the Baron Pasquier. SIR,

Paris, 26th June, 1821. The inclosed Copy of a Circular Letter, which has been addressed to the principal commercial-houses in this Capital, offers a proof of the open infraction of the French Laws for the abolition of the Slave-trade, which cannot be contested; and confirms the assertions contained in the several Communications I have already addressed to your Excellency upon this subject.

Although I cannot doubt the immediate application of the existing Law to this flagrant Case, a permanent remedy is not to be expected until further Enactments of the Legislature shall provide against the recurrence of such practices.

I have, &c. H. E. the Baron Pasquier.


No.8.-Sir C. Stuart to the Marquess of Londonderry.-(Rec. July 5.) (Extract.)

Paris, 2d July, 1821. I INCLOSE the Answer, which the Baron Pasquier has just returned, to my several Communications upon the subject of the illegal speculations which have been undertaken lately from French Ports, for the conveyance of Slaves from the Coast of Africa to the West Indies.

I have, &c. The Marquess of Londonderry, K.G. CHARLES STUART.

(Inclosure.)-The Baron Pasquier to Sir Charles Stuart. MONSIEUR L'AMBASSADEUR,

A Paris, ce 28 Juin, 1821. J'ai reçu avec la Lettre que votre Excellence m'a fait l'honneur de m'adresser avant hier, la Copie d'une Circulaire qui parait avoir été envoyée à plusieurs maisons de commerce de Paris, et dont l'objet est de proposer ouvertement une expédition à la Côte d'Afrique, pour la Traite des Nègres.

Je me hâte de transmettre cette pièce au Ministre de la Marine, et je l'invite à faire toutes les dispositions nécessaires pour rechercher et poursuivre devant les Tribunaux les Personnes qui osent violer si manifestement les Loix de l'Etat. J'ai l'honneur, &c. S. E. Le Chevalier Stuart.


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